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2.
Mar Pollut Bull ; 105(1): 98-101, 2016 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26926779

RESUMO

Marine species are experiencing unprecedented global impacts due to anthropogenic debris. Many recent studies have pointed out the hazards associated with marine litter ingestion, especially plastic debris - the most abundant and ubiquitous items in coastal and oceanic environments worldwide. In this study we provide the first in situ evidence of consumption of non-discarded synthetic rope fragments by green turtles. We explored the environmental risks to this endangered species associated with the grazing and consumption of anthropogenic debris in zones of human activity. Efforts to combat debris ingestion and reduce anthropogenic debris discharged into the world's oceans should be a priority for decision-makers and will need to involve multiple-approaches and the adoption of more environmentally friendly products and practices by the international community.


Assuntos
Conservação dos Recursos Naturais/métodos , Espécies em Perigo de Extinção , Tartarugas , Animais , Ingestão de Alimentos , Jardins , Humanos , Oceanos e Mares , Plásticos , Resíduos , Poluentes da Água/análise
3.
Mar Pollut Bull ; 103(1-2): 109-114, 2016 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26763323

RESUMO

Yes, we are eating plastic-ingesting fish. A baseline assessment of plastic pellet ingestion by two species of important edible fish caught along the eastern coast of Brazil is described. The rate of plastic ingestion by king mackerel (Scomberomorus cavalla) was quite high (62.5%), followed by the Brazilian sharpnose shark (Rhizoprionodon lalandii, 33%). From 2 to 6 plastic resin pellets were encountered in the stomachs of each fish, with sizes of from 1 to 5 mm, and with colors ranging from clear to white and yellowish. Ecological and health-related implications are discussed and the potential for transferring these materials through the food-chain are addressed


Assuntos
Cadeia Alimentar , Perciformes , Plásticos/análise , Tubarões , Poluentes da Água/análise , Animais , Brasil , Ecologia , Conteúdo Gastrointestinal
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