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1.
Cult. cuid ; 22(50): 118-126, ene.-abr. 2018. ilus, tab
Artigo em Português | IBECS | ID: ibc-175564

RESUMO

Objetivo: Conhecer as representações sociais de adolescentes sobre envelhecimento e idoso. Método: Estudo descritivo apoiado nas Representações Sociais com o foco em sua abordagem estrutural, realizado em uma escola estadual de nível médio e a amostra foi composta por 99 adolescentes. Foi aplicado um questionário, denominado Teste de Associação Livre de Palavras (TALP), utilizando como termos indutores as palavras envelhecimento e idoso. A análise dos dados foi realizada utilizando como ferramenta o software EVOC 2000. Resultados: O resultado do TALP para o termo indutor "envelhecimento", foi uma lista com 422 palavras, sendo que destas 127 (30%) eram diferentes entre si. Observamos que a palavra "velho" apareceu com o maior número de evocações (31), enquanto 73 palavras foram evocadas apenas uma vez. Para o termo indutor "idoso", o resultado foi uma relação com 418 palavras no total, sendo que dentre esses termos 151 (36,1%) eram diferentes. Verificamos que a palavra "cuidados" aparece entre as mais citadas com 22 evocações, em seguida vem a palavra "doenças" sendo citada 17 vezes. Conclusão: Para esses adolescentes o processo de envelhecimento está fortemente direcionado para os aspectos físicos como "cabelos brancos", "rugas", "velho", que foram palavras muito evocadas e em posições importantes


Objetivo: Conocer las representaciones sociales de los adolescentes sobre el envejecimiento y los ancianos. Método: Estudio descriptivo basado en las Representaciones Sociales centrándose en su abordaje estructural, realizado en una escuela provincial secundaria, en el que se incluyó una muestra formada por 99 adolescentes. Se aplicó un cuestionario, llamado Test de Asociación Libre de Palabras (TALP), utilizando como términos inductores las palabras "envejecimiento" y "anciano". El análisis de los datos se realizó utilizando como herramienta el programa informático EVOC 2000. Resultados: El resultado del TALP para el término inductor "envejecimiento" fue una lista con 422 palabras, donde 127 (30%) eran diferentes entre sí. Observamos que la palabra "viejo" apareció con el mayor número de evocaciones (31), mientras que 73 palabras fueron evocadas solamente una vez. Para el término inductor "anciano", el resultado fue una relación con 418 palabras en total, de las cuales 151 (36,1%) eran diferentes. Comprobamos que la palabra "atención" aparece entre las más mencionadas, con 22 evocaciones, seguida por la palabra "enfermedades", la cual fue mencionada 17 veces. Conclusión: Para los adolescentes encuestados, el proceso de envejecimiento está fuertemente orientado hacia los aspectos físicos como "cabellos blancos", "arrugas" y "viejo", que fueron palabras muy evocadas y en posiciones relevantes


Objective: To know the social representations of adolescents on aging and elderly. Method: A descriptive study supported in Social Representations with the focus on its structural approach, performed in a state school of mid-level and the sample consisted of 99 adolescents. a questionnaire, called Words of Free Association Test (TALP) using terms like inducing aging and old words was applied. Data analysis was performed using as the tool EVOC 2000 software. Results: The results of TALP for inducing term "aging" is a list of 422 words, and of these 127 (30%) were different. We note that the word "old" appeared with the largest number of evocations (31), 73 words were mentioned only once. For inducing term "old", the result was a relationship with 418 words in total, and among these terms 151 (36.1%) were different. We found that the word "care" appears among the most cited with 22 evocations then comes the word "disease" being cited 17 times. Conclusion: For those teens aging process is strongly directed to the physical aspects as "white hair", "wrinkles", "old", which were very important positions mentioned and words


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Idoso , Envelhecimento , Envelhecimento/psicologia , Adolescente , Identificação Social , Inquéritos e Questionários , 25783
2.
Rev Bras Enferm ; 67(4): 601-9, 2014.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25271586

RESUMO

Qualitative research, based on the Theory of Social Representations, which aimed to apprehend the social representations of teenagers in a public school and a private on ageing, and to compare them between these two groups. Participants were 60 adolescents, 30 from the private school and 30 from the public school, who responded to semi-structured interviews in the period May-June 2012. The collected data were subjected to content analysis techniques, from which emerged three categories, namely: representations of ageing, the treatment of the elderly, and the recognition of oneself as a subject in the aging process. The adolescents' social representations have showed negative and positive aspects in relation to old age, marked by the influence of socio-cultural aspects.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento/psicologia , Percepção Social , Teoria Social , Adolescente , Brasil , Cultura , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Autonomia Pessoal , Setor Privado , Setor Público , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Instituições Acadêmicas , Adulto Jovem
3.
Rev Esc Enferm USP ; 47(4): 965-70, 2013 Aug.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24310697

RESUMO

The International Classification for Nursing Practice (ICNP®) is a classification system that unifies the elements of nursing practice (diagnoses, interventions and outcomes), enabling elucidation of elements of a specific nursing language through the construction of terminology subsets. In this reflective essay, aspects relevant to the construction of ICNP® terminology subsets are highlighted, as well as their contributions to clinical nursing practice. The development of subsets as a tool that contributes to making nursing language universal, facilitates the communication process, as well as the scientific and technological advancement of the profession, is discussed. Therefore, its use by nurses worldwide is encouraged.


Assuntos
Processo de Enfermagem/classificação , Terminologia como Assunto
4.
Rev Bras Enferm ; 66 Spec: 177-81, 2013 Sep.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24092326

RESUMO

This paper aimed to consider the creation of the Scientific Department of Gerontological Nursing within the Brazilian Nursing Association, considering the context of population ageing, and the development and consolidation of this specialty in the country. In the reflexive process, it was possible to rely on the historical analysis of the revised literature and authors' reports. The results showed the movement of nurses, in recent decades, to the production of knowledge, as well as their incorporation by the entity, and the commitment of its members to achieve the goals proposed to the Scientific Department of Gerontological Nursing. It is concluded that its creation represents a milestone to the scientific and political organization of the nursing professionals who seek to qualify themselves for an autonomous and competent care of the elderly and their families.


Assuntos
Enfermagem Geriátrica , Organizações , Sociedades de Enfermagem , Brasil , Sociedades de Enfermagem/organização & administração
5.
Rev Lat Am Enfermagem ; 21(3): 750-7, 2013.
Artigo em Inglês, Português, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23918021

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: to know the main elements of social representations about elderly people and old age among adolescents at a public high school. METHOD: 172 adolescents between 14 and 19 years of age participated. The free evocation of words technique was applied through the terms elderly and old age. RESULTS: The main elements of the representations significantly designed for elderly people were: respect and disrespect, 78; experience, 49; care, 32; wisdom, 23; fragility, 19. For old age: disease, 51; retirement, 27; experience, 27; wisdom, 19; wrinkles, 17. The social representations of adolescents are strongly marked by physical, psychological and social aspects, with positive and negative aspects about old age. CONCLUSION: Participatory health education activities are needed to make adolescents critically reflect on and the condition of elderly people in contemporary society.


Assuntos
Idoso , Atitude , Percepção Social , Estudantes/psicologia , Adolescente , Fatores Etários , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Adulto Jovem
6.
Rev Gaucha Enferm ; 32(1): 143-50, 2011 Mar.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21888215

RESUMO

Studies on the prevalence of pressure ulcer and e.rperiences of living with elderly people with injuries during practice in long-stay institutions for the elderly have given rise to many concerns. This work aims to examine the prevalence and risk factors of pressure ulcer in the institutionalized elderly. This retrospective, quantitative study was held in a public long-stay institution for the elderly in Fortaleza, Ceará, Brazil. The sample consisted of 300 medical records of elderly from 2006 to 9009. It was used for data collection form. All ethical guidelines were followed. The most prevalent risk factors were: stroke (60%) and hypertension (74.3%). The average prevalence of pressure ulcers in the period was 18.8%, rangingfrom 11.1% to 23.2%. The recommendations for the prevention of pressure ulcers include the development of a prevention program to promote active aging


Assuntos
Lesão por Pressão/epidemiologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
7.
Rev Bras Enferm ; 64(6): 1038-42, 2011.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22664601

RESUMO

The objective was to describe the barriers faced by people with hypertension for non compliance to treatment and control the levels of blood pressure. This is a transversal and descriptive study which was carried out in 6 basic health units in Fortaleza-Ceará, Brazil. The population consisted of 246 people enrolled in the program to Control Hypertension for at least a year. Data were collected using a structured interview and electronic chart. Of them, 69 showed normal blood pressure levels. The main barriers discovered were: poor financial condition, continuous treatment with many medicines and practice physical activity. It was concluded that barriers to the anti-hypertensive treatment include the sick people, their environment and their access to health care.


Assuntos
Anti-Hipertensivos/uso terapêutico , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde , Hipertensão/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inquéritos e Questionários
8.
Rev Bras Enferm ; 63(5): 830-6, 2010.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21103780

RESUMO

This is a bibliographic research, with quantitative approach, that aimed to know the scientific production of theses and dissertations available in the database of the Center of Studies and Research in Nursing (CEPEn) and its applicability in the nursing area in nephrology. It was found 48 abstracts of theses and dissertations in the period from 1979 to 2007. The results point that these productions are concentrated in the Southeast and Southern regions of Brazil. Regarding the theoretical-methodological referential, the most frequent were: nursing assistance method and comprehensive approach; the investigated individuals were mostly the chronic renal patients. This thematic is still little investigated in the post-graduation stricto senso courses, however there are signs of expansion of the scientific studies in this area.


Assuntos
Nefrologia , Pesquisa em Enfermagem , Especialidades de Enfermagem , Dissertações Acadêmicas como Assunto
9.
Rev Esc Enferm USP ; 44(2): 407-12, 2010 Jun.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20642054

RESUMO

The objective of the present study was to identify and analyze the meaning of old age and the experience of aging for elderly individuals living in the rural area of Ceará state. This descriptive, exploratory study was performed with 48 aged men and women, registered in the family health strategy of the rural zone of Ceara, in the first semester of 2005. The statements of the elderly revealed that old age brings many losses, mainly when they fall ill. They also reported, however, that, today, they are happy for the personal and material achievements, and for the family that they have. For the study group, the experience of aging and old age itself appeared to be a positive event when compared to myths and preconceptions of the urban environment.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento/psicologia , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , População Rural
10.
Rev Gaucha Enferm ; 31(3): 499-507, 2010 Sep.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21574335

RESUMO

As the discussion on cardiovascular diseases is a relevant matter, this paper aims to analyze the perceptions of a group of hypertensive people about their sickness process related to King's conceptual models of personal and interpersonal systems. This descriptive and exploitative study was developed in a reference unit in Fortaleza, Ceará, Brazil, accepted by the Ethics Committee of Ceará State University Fifty hypertensive people participated (34 women and 16 men), ages 23 to 84. Results show fear of complications, satisfaction in adapting to treatment, dissatisfaction with the changes in their life style and resignation towards the disease. The nurse, seen as part of the initial assistance and in contrast with the insecurity shown by the patients, reveals the need of reflexion on the way patients are taken care.


Assuntos
Atitude Frente a Saúde , Hipertensão/psicologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos de Enfermagem , Teoria de Enfermagem , Adulto Jovem
11.
Rev Bras Enferm ; 63(6): 1071-6, 2010.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21308247

RESUMO

Theoretical-reflexive study motivated by the epistemology of Gaston Bachelard and by the project "Thousand and one ways to take care in Nursing" by Maria José Coelho. We had as objective to trace new ways to take care in dialysis nursing, creating a system of cares offered to chronic kidney patients. Seven nursing cares that involve care of people in dialysis treatment were described: reception; bonding; specialized techniques; support to self-care; assessment of the treatment, facing the unstimulating routine; and citizenship rescue. Permanent care emerged, understood as an articulate and complementary relation between the scientific knowledge present in nursing care and the valorization of the other's essence, as a complex being in its whole.


Assuntos
Cuidados de Enfermagem/normas , Filosofia em Enfermagem , Diálise Renal/enfermagem , Humanos , Cuidados de Enfermagem/estatística & dados numéricos , Fatores de Tempo
12.
Rev Lat Am Enfermagem ; 15(4): 590-7, 2007.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17923975

RESUMO

This study aimed to define the concept of chronic health condition in adults as presented in literature. An evolutionary perspective of concept analysis was used, as presented by Rodgers, emphasizing the essential attributes, antecedents, consequences and related concepts. The adult's chronic health condition was presented by the characteristics of permanence, irreversibility, residual handicap, incurable and degenerative as essential attributes. The antecedents were: genetic heritage, old age, birth condition, smoking and foods with saturated fat; and, for the consequences: physical, social and psychological changes, handicaps and inabilities, life style changes, needs to adapt and cope. Related concepts were: not transmissible diseases, functional deficiency, limitations, illness or impairment for more than three months. Chronic health condition is a complex construction of concepts defined as a modifying force of the life process over time.


Assuntos
Doença Crônica , Formação de Conceito , Adaptação Psicológica , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Doença Crônica/psicologia , Coleta de Dados , Pessoas com Deficiência , Progressão da Doença , Humanos , Estilo de Vida , Fatores de Tempo
13.
Rev Bras Enferm ; 60(3): 268-72, 2007.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17684902

RESUMO

The study aimed at analyzing the data of violence and mistreatments against the aged through the official documentation of an institution in the city of Fortaleza-CE. A documentary, retrospective study was carried out in an institution of reference of the State of the Ceara, officialized in denunciations of violence against the aged. Of 424 documents, in 284 (67%) the aged were abandoned. In relation to the aggressors, 207 (49%) were children of the victims. Amongst the types of violent are of mistreatments distributed between the recklessness, 161 (38%), the misappropriation of the retirement, 114 (27%), the verbal aggression, 79 (19%) and the physics with, 68 (16%). It was verified the importance of services directed toward this question, however it becomes basic that public politics focus the social paper of the aged one and privilege the care and the protection of this population parcel in its families and the institutions.


Assuntos
Maus-Tratos ao Idoso/estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos
14.
Rev Bras Enferm ; 60(3): 344-7, 2007.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17684917

RESUMO

The study aimed at implementing the nursing process for a post-partum woman with cardiomyopathy after cardiorespiratory arrest. We conducted a clinical case study, in an intensive care unit of Fortaleza, Ceará, Brazil, in the period from September to October, 2005. The data were obtained after evaluation for elaboration of Nursing Diagnoses according to NANDA Taxonomy II, clinical judgment, intervention and goals. The nursing diagnoses found were: impaired verbal communication, decreased cardiac output, inefficient respiratory pattern, excessive volume of fluids, diarrhea, impaired physical mobility and deficit in selfcare. We highlighted the importance of the process as focus of the nurse's work in the clinic, in order to favor the patient's return to his family context as well as give credibility to the nurse's job.


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatias/enfermagem , Processo de Enfermagem , Transtornos Puerperais/enfermagem , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos
15.
Rev Bras Enferm ; 60(2): 207-12, 2007.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17585529

RESUMO

The study aimed at knowing the meaning of the nursing process according to view of obstetric nurses. The research was carried in the first semester of 2005, in a reference maternity of Fortaleza-CE. The subjects were 32 nurses, in the obstetrics and gynecological attendance wards. A questionnaire was used to collect data. The identified thematic were: concepts on the nursing process; daily practical with the use of the process and obstacles for its implementation. We concluded that the nurses have knowledge on the process, but when analyzing the reality of the daily practical, some factors that make it difficult and that disable them to the implementation, as the time lack, quantitative of interned patients and the rotation of women in the puerperal time are pointed.


Assuntos
Processo de Enfermagem , Enfermagem Obstétrica , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inquéritos e Questionários
16.
Rev Bras Enferm ; 59(3): 362-6, 2006.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17175729

RESUMO

This case study aimed at identifying the Nursing Diagnosis (ND) in agreement with the taxonomy II of the North-American Nursing Diagnosis Association (NANDA) of a patient victim of burning of 2nd e 3th degrees and to elaborate the nursing interventions. Eight ND were identified being five with the presence of defining characteristics and related factors (real), and three of risk. Intervention proposal was elaborated starting by the needs related to the vital and physiologic signs, the base of human basic needs hierarchy. Finally, it was observed the relevance of nursing process applicability in the implementation of care and its need in daily nursinga activitiies.


Assuntos
Queimaduras/diagnóstico , Queimaduras/enfermagem , Diagnóstico de Enfermagem , Idoso , Humanos , Masculino
17.
Rev Bras Enferm ; 59(5): 642-6, 2006.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17340708

RESUMO

The study aimed at identifying the nursing diagnoses related to the psychological and social aspects of elderly patients undergoing cardiac catheterization, according to the Adaptation Theory of Calista Roy. It was developed in a cardiology unit in a hospital in Fortaleza, CE, from January to July, 2005. A semistructured interview was used, with 18 elderly patients, in pre-catheterization period. The analysis identified the nursing diagnoses: alteration in the maintenance of the health, anxiety fear and alteration in the family process. The nursing actions were: to create a trust climate for the aged before the exam; to listen and to respect feelings faiths and referring values to the situation; to guide the patient with relationships to the procedure. The use of this theory, allowed in recognizing that patients, by means of incentives, can unchain answers some positive times other negative times, fitting to the nurse to act as mediator


Assuntos
Adaptação Psicológica , Cateterismo Cardíaco/enfermagem , Cateterismo Cardíaco/psicologia , Modelos Psicológicos , Idoso , Humanos , Entrevistas como Assunto
18.
Rev Lat Am Enfermagem ; 12(1): 128-33, 2004.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-15122415

RESUMO

The study aimed at identifying and analyzing the meaning of concept according to Deleuze, in Philosophy, and Rodgers, in Nursing. Based on an extract of reality, Deleuze creates the concept and calls it "plan of immanence". For Rodgers, in nursing, the concept emerges at the actual moment one wishes to construct the conceptual bases for Nursing. The authors demonstrate that, although Deleuze and Rodgers come from different areas, the meaning they attribute to concept shares the happening of things and beings, which reflect the experienced reality. For Rodgers, the concept is characterized by its essential elements while, for Deleuze, by what he called components, that is, by essence.


Assuntos
Filosofia em Enfermagem , Formação de Conceito
19.
Rev Bras Enferm ; 57(6): 662-5, 2004.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16047811

RESUMO

This study was aimed at surveying the quantity of dissertations and theses written by nurses on health education, identifying and analyzing their methodological steps. 17 Catalogs of Information about Research and Researchers from CEPEn/ABEn--published from 1979 to 1999--have been examined. The sample comprises 105 dissertations and 15 theses about the theme. Chronic diseases, pregnancy-puerperal cycle, health education, management and perisurgery situation have stood out as objects of study. The populations were adults, nursing professionals, women, children and adolescents. Interviewing was the most used technique. Authors indicated the need to improve educative practices and considered that health education motivates changes in lifestyle. It was concluded that there is a need to strengthen research into the everyday of Nursing in a historical and social context.


Assuntos
Dissertações Acadêmicas como Assunto , Educação em Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Promoção da Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Pesquisa em Avaliação de Enfermagem/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Retrospectivos
20.
Rev Bras Enferm ; 56(4): 385-7, 2003.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-14699759

RESUMO

This paper describes important moments along the route of the Nursing Program at State University of Ceará and their influences on their current process of professional education. It outlines their program, their professors and students, as well as their political-pedagogical project. Finally, it highlights the importance of this instrument to warrant professional qualification.


Assuntos
Educação em Enfermagem , Brasil , Educação em Enfermagem/métodos , Universidades
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