Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 446
Filtrar
1.
2.
J Am Heart Assoc ; : e022913, 2021 Dec 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34889112

RESUMO

Background Currently, there is limited research on the prognostic value of NT-proBNP (N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide) as a biomarker in COVID-19. We proposed the a priori hypothesis that an elevated NT-proBNP concentration at admission is associated with increased in-hospital mortality. Methods and Results In this prospective, observational cohort study of the American Heart Association's COVID-19 Cardiovascular Disease Registry, 4675 patients hospitalized with COVID-19 were divided into normal and elevated NT-proBNP cohorts by standard age-adjusted heart failure thresholds, as well as separated by quintiles. Patients with elevated NT-proBNP (n=1344; 28.7%) were older, with more cardiovascular risk factors, and had a significantly higher rate of in-hospital mortality (37% versus 16%; P<0.001) and shorter median time to death (7 versus 9 days; P<0.001) than those with normal values. Analysis by quintile of NT-proBNP revealed a steep graded relationship with mortality (7.1%-40.2%; P<0.001). NT-proBNP was also associated with major adverse cardiac events, intensive care unit admission, intubation, shock, and cardiac arrest (P<0.001 for each). In subgroup analyses, NT-proBNP, but not prior heart failure, was associated with increased risk of in-hospital mortality. Adjusting for cardiovascular risk factors with presenting vital signs, an elevated NT-proBNP was associated with 2-fold higher adjusted odds of death (adjusted odds ratio [OR], 2.23; 95% CI, 1.80-2.76), and the log-transformed NT-proBNP with other biomarkers projected a 21% increased risk of death for each 2-fold increase (adjusted OR, 1.21; 95% CI, 1.08-1.34). Conclusions Elevated NT-proBNP levels on admission for COVID-19 are associated with an increased risk of in-hospital mortality and other complications in patients with and without heart failure.

3.
Neurology ; 2021 Dec 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34969940

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Human genetic studies support a key role of interleukin-6 (IL-6) in the pathogenesis of ischemic stroke. Still, there are only limited data from observational studies exploring circulating IL-6 levels as a risk factor for ischemic stroke. Here, we set out to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis of aggregate data on cohort studies to determine the magnitude and shape of the association between circulating IL-6 levels and risk of incident ischemic stroke in the general population. METHODS: Following the PRISMA guidelines, we systematically screened the PubMed search engine from inception to March 2021 for population-based prospective cohort studies exploring the association between circulating IL-6 levels and risk of incident ischemic stroke. We pooled association estimates for ischemic stroke risk with random-effects models and explored non-linear effects in dose-response meta-analyses. Risk of bias was assessed with the Newcastle-Ottawa scale (NOS). We used funnel plots and trim-to-fill analyses to assess publication bias. RESULTS: We identified 11 studies (n=27,411 individuals; 2,669 stroke events) meeting our eligibility criteria. Mean age of all included participants was 60.5 years and 54.8% were females. Overall, quality of the included studies was high (median 8 out of 9 NOS points, interquartile range 7 to 9). In meta-analyses, 1-standard deviation increment in circulating log-transformed IL-6 levels was associated with a 19% increase in risk of incident ischemic stroke over a mean follow-up of 12.4 years (RR 1.19; 95% CI 1.10 to 1.28). A dose-response meta-analysis showed a linear association between circulating IL-6 levels and ischemic stroke risk. There was only moderate heterogeneity and the results were consistent in sensitivity analyses restricted to studies of low risk of bias and studies fully adjusting for demographic and vascular risk factors. The results also remained stable following adjustment for publication bias. DISCUSSION: Higher circulating IL-6 levels in community-dwelling individuals are associated with higher long-term risk of incident ischemic stroke in a linear pattern and independently of conventional vascular risk factors. Along with findings from genetic studies and clinical trials, these results provide additional support for a key role of IL-6 signaling in ischemic stroke.

4.
Circulation ; 2021 Dec 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34928695

RESUMO

The quality and impact of the articles we publish in Circulation depend critically on the contributions and efforts of our extended team of peer reviewers, comprising hundreds of colleagues around the world. Although we received reliably outstanding reviews of all of the articles we submit for peer review, and we are grateful to every person who has contributed to Circulation in this way, a few reviewers have risen to the top, and we recognize them here. Please find our list of the Circulation Top Reviewers for 2021. This list is based on objective criteria of the quality of reviews provided, total number of papers reviewed, proportion of invitations accepted, and timeliness of review submissions. Many thanks and congratulations to all.

6.
Am J Cardiol ; 161: 108-114, 2021 12 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34794607

RESUMO

Early repolarization pattern (ERP) is associated with increased mortality in case-control studies, but the mechanism and role of left ventricular mass (LVM) remain unclear. Our objectives were to understand (1) whether ERP associates with adverse outcomes in a multiethnic population and (2) to explore the role of LVM in these associations. Participants from the Dallas Heart Study with an electrocardiogram interpretable for ERP, defined as J point elevation ≥1 mm in 2 contiguous leads, were included. Combined all-cause mortality and nonfatal cardiovascular disease (CVD) events and individual components were assessed using Cox proportional hazards modeling after adjustment for demographics, traditional CVD risk factors, electrocardiogram intervals, and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging-derived factors. Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging-defined LVM was then added to the most fully adjusted model. Of the 2,686 participants, 240 (8.9%) demonstrated ERP. Participants with ERP were more likely to be male and Black, with lower body mass index, greater left ventricular end-diastolic volumes, and LVM. Over a median follow-up of 11 years, the combined end point occurred in 326 patients. Multivariable modeling demonstrated ERP was associated with the combined end point (HR [95% CI] 1.61 [1.14 to 2.26]), all-cause mortality (1.67 [1.00 to 2.80]). However, further adjusting for LVM attenuated the associations of ERP with the primary end point (HR [95% CI] 1.22 [0.85 to 1.77]) and secondary end points of mortality (1.39 [0.80 to 2.41]) and nonfatal CVD (1.05 [0.68 to 1.64]). ERP was associated with increased mortality and nonfatal CVD events, which was attenuated after adjusting for LVM, a previously under-recognized clinical phenotype. Previous associations of ERP with adverse cardiovascular outcomes may be partially explained by greater LVM in those with ERP.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares/diagnóstico , Eletrocardiografia , Sistema de Condução Cardíaco/fisiopatologia , Ventrículos do Coração/patologia , Imagem Cinética por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Função Ventricular Esquerda/fisiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Doenças Cardiovasculares/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Ventrículos do Coração/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências , Texas/epidemiologia
7.
J Card Fail ; 2021 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34634447

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The V122I variant in transthyretin (TTR) is the most common amyloidogenic mutation worldwide. The aim of this study is to describe the cardiac phenotype and risk for adverse cardiovascular outcomes of young V122I TTR carriers in the general population. METHODS AND RESULTS: TTR genotypes were extracted from whole-exome sequence data in participants of the Dallas Heart Study. Participants with African ancestry, available V122I TTR genotypes (N = 1818) and either cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (n = 1364) or long-term follow-up (n = 1532) were included. The prevalence of V122I TTR carriers (45 ± 10 years) was 3.2% (n/N = 59/1818). The V122I TTR carriers had higher baseline left ventricular wall thickness (8.52 ± 1.82 vs 8.21 ± 1.62 mm, adjusted P = .038) than noncarriers, but no differences in other cardiac magnetic resonance imaging measures (P > .05 for all). Although carrier status was not associated with amino terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) at baseline (P = .79), V122I TTR carriers had a greater increase in NT-proBNP on follow-up than noncarriers (median 28.5 pg/mL, interquartile range 11.4-104.1 pg/mL vs median 15.9 pg/mL, interquartile range 0.0-43.0 pg/mL, adjusted P = .018). V122I TTR carriers were at a higher adjusted risk of heart failure (hazard ratio 3.82, 95% confidence interval 1.80-8.13, P < .001), cardiovascular death (hazard ratio 2.65, 95% confidence interval 1.14-6.15, P = .023), and all-cause mortality (hazard ratio 1.95, 95% confidence interval 1.08-3.51, P = .026) in comparison with noncarriers. CONCLUSIONS: V122I TTR carrier status was associated with a greater increase in NT-proBNP, slightly greater left ventricular wall thickness, and a higher risk for heart failure, cardiovascular death, and all-cause mortality. These findings suggest the need to develop amyloidosis screening strategies for V122I TTR carriers.

8.
Int J Cardiol ; 344: 199-204, 2021 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34600979

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: We investigated the associations of high-sensitivity cardiac Troponin T (hs-cTnT) and N-terminal pro B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) levels with risk of developing clinical peripheral artery disease (PAD) or a low ankle-brachial index (ABI). METHODS: Hs-cTnT and NT-proBNP were measured in 6692 and 5458 participants respectively without baseline PAD between 2000 and 2002 in the Multi-ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis. A significant number also had repeat biomarker measurement between 2004 and 2005. Incident clinical PAD was ascertained through 2017. Incident low ABI, defined as ABI <0.9 and decline of ≥0.15 from baseline, was assessed among 5920 eligible individuals who had an ABI >0.9 at baseline and at least one follow-up ABI measurement 3-10 years later. Multivariable Cox proportional hazards and logistic regression modeling were used to determine the association of these biomarkers with clinical PAD and low ABI, respectively. RESULTS: Overall, 121 clinical PAD and 118 low ABI events occurred. Adjusting for demographic and clinical characteristics, each log unit increment in hs-cTnT and NT-proBNP was associated with a 30% (adjusted hazard ratio (HR) 1.3, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.1, 1.6) and 50% (HR) 1.5, 95% CI: 1.2, 1.8) higher risk of clinical PAD respectively. No significant associations were observed for incident low ABI. Change in these biomarkers was not associated with either of the PAD outcomes. CONCLUSIONS: NT-proBNP and hs-cTnT are independently associated with the development of clinical PAD. Further study should determine whether these biomarkers can help to better identify those at higher risk for PAD.


Assuntos
Aterosclerose , Doença Arterial Periférica , Índice Tornozelo-Braço , Aterosclerose/diagnóstico , Aterosclerose/epidemiologia , Biomarcadores , Humanos , Peptídeo Natriurético Encefálico , Fragmentos de Peptídeos , Doença Arterial Periférica/diagnóstico , Doença Arterial Periférica/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco , Troponina T
9.
J Intern Med ; 2021 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34668255

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Obesity is associated with subclinical myocardial injury as quantified by concentrations of cardiac troponin T, but whether lifetime excess weight history is associated with increased concentrations of cardiac troponin I (cTnI) and how indices of abdominal adiposity and glycemic dysregulation affect these associations remain unclear. METHODS: We analyzed cTnI with a high-sensitivity assay in 9739 participants in the Trøndelag Health (HUNT) Study at study visit 4 (2017-2019). BMI was assessed at study Visit 1 (1984-1986), 2 (1995-1997), 3 (2006-2008), and 4. RESULTS: Median age at visit 4 was 68.7 years and 59% were women. Concentrations of cTnI were detectable in 84.1% of study participants, with a median of 2.5 (1.5-4.5 ng/L). We identified three clusters of BMI trajectories from visit 1 to 4, (1) stable normal weight, (2) stable overweight, and (3) stable obesity. Participants in clusters 2 and 3 were at increased risk of elevated concentrations of cTnI at visit 4 (odds ratio 1.27, 95% CI 1.09-1.47, and odds ratio 1.70, 95% CI 1.33-2.17, p for trend <0.001). Participants in cluster 3 had 22.0 (95% CI 14.1-29.9%) higher concentrations of cTnI compared to participants in cluster 1 (p for trend <0.001). Dysregulated glucose metabolism and abdominal obesity did not influence our results. CONCLUSIONS: Individuals with stable overweight or obesity are at increased risk of subclinical myocardial injury, independently of glycemic dysregulation and abdominal adiposity. Our data support a direct detrimental effect of long-standing obesity on cardiovascular health.

10.
Biomark Med ; 15(16): 1487-1498, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34663078

RESUMO

Aim: N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) and high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T (hs-cTnT) associate with structural heart disease and heart failure risk in individuals without known cardiovascular disease (CVD). However, few data are available regarding whether factors influencing levels of these two biomarkers are similar or distinct. We performed serial measurement of NT-proBNP and hs-cTnT in a contemporary multiethnic cohort with extensive phenotyping, with the goal of identifying their respective biological determinants in a population without known or suspected CVD. Methods: We evaluated 1877 participants of the Dallas Heart Study who had NT-proBNP and hs-cTnT measured and were free from clinical CVD at the each of its two examinations (2000-2002 and 2007-2009). Variables collected included demographic and risk factors, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, body composition via dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry, coronary artery calcium by computed tomography, and cardiac dimensions and function by cardiac MRI. Linear regression was used to identify associations of these factors with each biomarker at baseline and with changes in biomarkers over follow-up. Results: NT-proBNP and hs-cTnT were poorly correlated at baseline (Spearman rho 0.083, p = 0.015), with only moderate correlation between change values (rho 0.18, p < 0.001). hs-cTnT positively associated and NT-proBNP inversely associated with male gender and black race. At baseline, both NT-proBNP and hs-cTnT associated with left ventricular end-diastolic volume and wall thickness, but only NT-proBNP associated with left atrial size. Changes in cardiac dimensions between phases were more strongly associated with changes in NT-proBNP than hs-cTnT. NT-proBNP was more strongly associated with high-sensitivity C-reactive protein and measures of body composition than hs-cTnT. Conclusion: Among individuals without CVD in the general population, NT-proBNP and hs-cTnT are nonredundant biomarkers that are differentially associated with demographic and cardiac factors. These findings indicate that hs-cTnT and NT-proBNP may reflect different pathophysiological pathways.

12.
JAMA Cardiol ; 2021 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34468696

RESUMO

Importance: Elevated high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T (hscTnT) and N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NTproBNP) levels are associated with risk of heart failure (HF) and mortality among individuals in the general population. However, it is unknown if this risk is modifiable. Objective: To test the hypothesis that elevated hscTnT and NTproBNP levels would identify individuals with the greatest risk for mortality and HF and the largest benefit associated with intensive systolic blood pressure (SBP) lowering. Design, Setting, and Participants: This is a nonprespecified post hoc analysis of the multicenter, prospective, randomized clinical Systolic Blood Pressure Intervention Trial (SPRINT), conducted from October 20, 2010, to August 20, 2015. A total of 9361 patients without diabetes with increased risk for cardiovascular disease were randomized to receive intensive vs standard SBP lowering. Statistical analysis was performed on an intention-to-treat basis from September 30, 2019, to July 29, 2021. Interventions: Participants were randomized to undergo intensive (<120 mm Hg) or standard (<140 mm Hg) SBP lowering. High-sensitivity cardiac troponin T and NTproBNP levels were measured from stored specimens collected at enrollment, with elevated levels defined as 14 ng/L or more for hscTnT (to convert to micrograms per liter, multiply by 0.001) and 125 pg/mL or more for NTproBNP (to convert to nanograms per liter, multiply by 1.0). Main Outcomes and Measures: The primary outcome of this ancillary study was HF and mortality. Results: Of the 9361 participants enrolled in SPRINT, 8828 (5578 men [63.2%]; mean [SD] age, 68.0 [9.5] years) had measured hscTnT levels and 8836 (5585 men [63.2%]; mean [SD] age, 68.0 [9.5] years) had measured NTproBNP levels; 2262 of 8828 patients (25.6%) had elevated hscTnT levels, 3371 of 8836 patients (38.2%) had elevated NTproBNP, and 1411 of 8828 patients (16.0%) had both levels elevated. Randomization to the intensive SBP group led to a 4.9% (95% CI, 1.7%-7.5%) absolute risk reduction (ARR) over 4 years in death and HF (421 events) for those with elevated hscTnT and a 1.7% (95% CI, 0.7%-2.5%) ARR for those without elevated levels. Similarly, for those with elevated NTproBNP, the ARR for death and HF over 4 years was 4.6% (95% CI, 2.3%-6.5%) vs 1.8% (95% CI, 0.9%-2.5%) in those without elevated levels. For those with elevated levels of both biomarkers, the ARR for death and HF over 4 years was 7.8% (95% CI, 3.3%-11.3%) vs 1.7% (95% CI, 0.8%-2.3%) in those with neither biomarker elevated. No significant treatment group by biomarker category interactions were detected. Conclusions and Relevance: Intensive SBP control led to large absolute differences in death and HF among patients with abnormal hscTnT and NTproBNP levels. These findings demonstrate that risk associated with elevation of these biomarkers is modifiable with intensive BP control. A prospective, randomized clinical trial is needed to evaluate whether these biomarkers may help guide selection of patients for intensive SBP lowering. Trial Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01206062.

13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34473302

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Measures of kidney tubule health are risk markers for acute kidney injury (AKI) in persons with chronic kidney disease (CKD) during hypertension treatment, but their associations with other adverse events (AEs) are unknown. METHODS: Among 2,377 Systolic Blood Pressure Intervention Trial (SPRINT) participants with CKD, we measured at baseline eight urine biomarkers of kidney tubule health and two serum biomarkers of mineral metabolism pathways that act on the kidney tubules. Cox proportional hazards models were used to evaluate biomarker associations with risk of a composite of pre-specified serious AEs (hypotension, syncope, electrolyte abnormalities, AKI, bradycardia, and injurious falls) and outpatient AEs (hyperkalemia and hypokalemia). RESULTS: At baseline, the mean age was 73 ±9 years and mean eGFR was 46 ±11 ml/min/1.73m2. During a median follow-up of 3.8 years, 716 (30%) participants experienced the composite AE. Higher urine interleukin-18, kidney injury molecule-1, neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL), and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1), lower urine uromodulin (UMOD), and higher serum fibroblast growth factor-23 were individually associated with higher risk of the composite AE outcome in multivariable-adjusted models including eGFR and albuminuria. When modeling biomarkers in combination, higher NGAL (HR: 1.08 per 2-fold higher biomarker level, 95% CI: 1.03, 1.13), higher MCP-1 (HR: 1.11, 95% CI: 1.03, 1.19), and lower UMOD (HR: 0.91, 95% CI: 0.85, 0.97) were each associated with higher composite AE risk. Biomarker associations did not vary by intervention arm (P >0.10 for all interactions). CONCLUSIONS: Among persons with CKD, several kidney tubule biomarkers are associated with higher risk of AEs during hypertension treatment, independent of eGFR and albuminuria.

14.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 10(16): e020893, 2021 08 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34369165

RESUMO

Background Because of an increasing number and complexity of treatment options for lipid-lowering therapy in patients with atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease, guidelines recommend greater active involvement of patients in shared decision-making. However, patients' understanding and perceptions of the benefits, risks, and treatment objectives of lipid-lowering therapy are unknown. Methods and Results Structured questionnaires were conducted in 5006 US outpatients with atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease and suboptimal low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) control (LDL-C ≥70 mg/dL) or on a PCSK9 (proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9) inhibitor and in 113 physician providers as a part of the GOULD (Getting to an Improved Understanding of Low-Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol and Dyslipidemia Management) Registry. Mean age of the patients was 68±10 years, 60% were men, and 86% were White race. Across all patients, 63% believed heart disease was the leading cause of death in men and 46% the leading cause of death in women. Only 28% of patients thought the primary reason they were taking lipid-lowering medication was to lower the risk of heart attack or stroke, 68% did not know their approximate LDL-C level, and 69% did not know their LDL-C goal. Patients on PCSK9 inhibitors (versus LDL-C cohort), younger patients (versus age ≥65 years), and men (versus women) were somewhat more knowledgeable about their disease and its management. Most physicians (66%) felt that a lack of understanding of the importance and efficacy of statins was the primary factor contributing to nonadherence, as opposed to costs (9%) or side effects (1%). More education was the most commonly used strategy to address patient-reported side effects. Conclusions A large proportion of patients with atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease remain unaware of their underlying atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease risk, reasons for taking lipid-lowering medications, current LDL-C levels, or treatment goals. These data highlight a large education gap which, if addressed, may improve shared decision-making and treatment adherence. Registration URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.org; Unique identifier: NCT02993120.


Assuntos
Aterosclerose/tratamento farmacológico , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , LDL-Colesterol/sangue , Dislipidemias/tratamento farmacológico , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Hipolipemiantes/uso terapêutico , Adesão à Medicação , Médicos , Idoso , Aterosclerose/sangue , Aterosclerose/mortalidade , Biomarcadores/sangue , Tomada de Decisão Compartilhada , Regulação para Baixo , Dislipidemias/sangue , Dislipidemias/mortalidade , Feminino , Fatores de Risco de Doenças Cardíacas , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto , Participação do Paciente , Fatores de Proteção , Sistema de Registros , Medição de Risco , Inquéritos e Questionários , Resultado do Tratamento , Estados Unidos
15.
Am J Med ; 134(11): 1380-1388.e3, 2021 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34343515

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Whether the volume of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) hospitalizations is associated with outcomes has important implications for the organization of hospital care both during this pandemic and future novel and rapidly evolving high-volume conditions. METHODS: We identified COVID-19 hospitalizations at US hospitals in the American Heart Association COVID-19 Cardiovascular Disease Registry with ≥10 cases between January and August 2020. We evaluated the association of COVID-19 hospitalization volume and weekly case growth indexed to hospital bed capacity, with hospital risk-standardized in-hospital case-fatality rate (rsCFR). RESULTS: There were 85 hospitals with 15,329 COVID-19 hospitalizations, with a median hospital case volume was 118 (interquartile range, 57, 252) and median growth rate of 2 cases per 100 beds per week but varied widely (interquartile range: 0.9 to 4.5). There was no significant association between overall hospital COVID-19 case volume and rsCFR (rho, 0.18, P = .09). However, hospitals with more rapid COVID-19 case-growth had higher rsCFR (rho, 0.22, P = 0.047), increasing across case growth quartiles (P trend = .03). Although there were no differences in medical treatments or intensive care unit therapies (mechanical ventilation, vasopressors), the highest case growth quartile had 4-fold higher odds of above median rsCFR, compared with the lowest quartile (odds ratio, 4.00; 1.15 to 13.8, P = .03). CONCLUSIONS: An accelerated case growth trajectory is a marker of hospitals at risk of poor COVID-19 outcomes, identifying sites that may be targets for influx of additional resources or triage strategies. Early identification of such hospital signatures is essential as our health system prepares for future health challenges.


Assuntos
Ocupação de Leitos/estatística & dados numéricos , COVID-19 , Número de Leitos em Hospital/estatística & dados numéricos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva/estatística & dados numéricos , Mortalidade , Melhoria de Qualidade/organização & administração , COVID-19/mortalidade , COVID-19/terapia , Defesa Civil , Alocação de Recursos para a Atenção à Saúde/organização & administração , Alocação de Recursos para a Atenção à Saúde/normas , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Sistema de Registros , Medição de Risco , SARS-CoV-2 , Triagem/organização & administração , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
18.
Am J Kidney Dis ; 2021 Jul 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34293394

RESUMO

RATIONALE & OBJECTIVE: The utility of conventional upper reference limits (URL) for N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) and high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T (hsTnT) in chronic kidney disease (CKD) remains debated. We analyzed the distribution of hsTnT and NT-proBNP in people with CKD in ambulatory settings to examine the diagnostic value of conventional URL in this population. STUDY DESIGN: Observational study. SETTING & PARTICIPANTS: We studied participants of the Chronic Renal Insufficiency Cohort (CRIC) with CKD and no self-reported history of cardiovascular disease. EXPOSURE: Estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR). OUTCOME: NT-proBNP and hsTnT at baseline. ANALYTICAL APPROACH: We described the proportion of participants above the conventional URL for NT-proBNP (125pg/mL) and hsTnT (14ng/L) overall and by eGFR. We then estimated 99th percentile URL for NT-proBNP and hsTnT. Using quantile regression of the 99th percentile, we modeled the association of eGFR with NT-proBNP and hsTnT. RESULTS: Among 2,312 CKD participants, 40% and 43% had levels of NT-proBNP and hsTnT above the conventional URL, respectively. In those with eGFR <30mL/min/1.73m2, 71% and 68% of participants had concentrations of NT-proBNP and hsTnT above the conventional URL, respectively. Among all CKD participants, the 99th percentile for NT-proBNP was 3,592 (95% CI, 2,470-4,849) pg/mL and for hsTnT it was 126 (95% CI, 100-144) ng/L. Each 15mL/min/1.73m2 decrement in eGFR was associated with a ~40% higher threshold for the 99th percentile of NT-proBNP (1.43 [95% CI, 1.21-1.69]) and hsTnT (1.45 [95% CI, 1.31-1.60]). LIMITATIONS: Study included ambulatory patients, and we could not test the accuracy of the URL of NT-proBNP and hsTnT in the acute care setting. CONCLUSIONS: In this ambulatory CKD population with no self-reported history of cardiovascular disease, a range of 40%-88% of participants had concentrations of NT-proBNP and hsTnT above the conventional URL, depending on eGFR strata. Developing eGFR-specific thresholds for these commonly used cardiac biomarkers in the setting of CKD may improve their utility for evaluation of suspected heart failure and myocardial infarction.

20.
JAMA Cardiol ; 2021 Jun 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34132735

RESUMO

Importance: Guidelines for patients with atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) recommend intensive statin therapy and adding nonstatin therapy if low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) levels are 70 mg/dL or more. Compliance with guidelines is often low. Objective: To track LDL-C treatment patterns in the US over 2 years. Design, Setting, and Participants: GOULD is a prospective observational registry study involving multiple centers. Patients with ASCVD receiving any lipid-lowering therapy (LLT) were eligible. Between December 2016 and July 2018, patients were enrolled in 1 of 3 cohorts: (1) those currently receiving proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 inhibitor (PCSK9i) and 2 groups not receiving PCSK9i drugs, with (2) LDL-C levels of 100 mg/dL or more or (3) LDL-C levels of 70 to 99 mg/dL. Patients had medical record reviews and telephone interviews every 6 months. Analysis was done on data collected as of October 5, 2020. Main Outcomes and Measures: The primary outcome was the change in LLT use in 2 years. Secondary outcomes included the number of LDL-C measurements, LDL-C levels, and responses to structured physician and patient questionnaires over 2 years. Results: A total of 5006 patients were enrolled (mean [SD] age, 67.8 [9.9] years; 1985 women [39.7%]; 4312 White individuals [86.1%]). At 2 years, 885 (17.1%) had LLT intensification. In the cohorts with LDL-C levels of 100 mg/dL or more and 70 to 99 mg/dL, LLT intensification occurred in 403 (22.4%) and 383 (14.4%), respectively; statins were intensified in 115 (6.4%) and 168 (6.3%), ezetimibe added in 123 (6.8%) and 118 (4.5%), and PCSK9i added in 114 (6.3%) and 58 (2.2%), respectively. In the PCSK9i cohort, 508 of 554 (91.7%) were still taking PCSK9i at 2 years. Lipid panels were measured at least once over 2 years in 3768 patients (88.5%; PCSK9i cohort, 492 [96.1%]; LDL-C levels ≥100 mg/dL or more, 1294 [85.9%]; 70-99 mg/dL, 1982 [88.6%]). Levels of LDL-C fell from medians (interquartile ranges) of 120 (108-141) mg/dL to 95 (73-118) mg/dL in the cohort with LDL-C levels of 100 mg/dL or more, 82 (75-89) to 77 (65-90) mg/dL in the cohort with LDL-C levels of 70 to 99 mg/dL, and 67 (42-104) mg/dL to 67 (42-96) mg/dL in the PCSK9i cohort. Levels of LDL-C less than 70 mg/dL at 2 years were achieved by 308 patients (21.0%) and 758 patients (33.9%) in the cohorts with LDL-C levels of 100 mg/dL or more and 70 to 99 mg/dL, respectively, and 272 patients (52.4%) in the PCSK9i cohort. At 2 years, practice characteristics were associated with more LLT intensification (teaching vs nonteaching hospitals, 148 of 589 [25.1%] vs 600 of 3607 [16.6%]; lipid protocols or none, 359 of 1612 [22.3%] vs 389 of 2584 [15.1%]; cardiology, 452 of 2087 [21.7%] vs internal or family medicine, 204 of 1745 [11.7%] and other, 92 of 364 [25.3%]; all P < .001) and achievement of LDL-C less than 70 mg/dL (teaching vs nonteaching hospitals, 173 of 488 [35.5%] vs 823 of 2986 [27.6%]; lipid protocols vs none, 451 of 1411 [32.0%] vs 545 of 2063 [26.4%]; both P < .001; cardiology, 523 of 1686 [30.1%] vs internal or family medicine, 377 of 1472 [25.6%] and other, 96 of 316 [30.4%]; P = .003). Conclusions and Relevance: Of patients with ASCVD, most with suboptimal LDL-C levels at baseline, only 17.1% had LLT intensification after 2 years, and two-thirds remained at an LDL-C level greater than 70 mg/dL. Further intensive efforts are needed to achieve optimal LDL-C management in patients with ASCVD.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...