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1.
Aust Endod J ; 2021 Mar 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33754413

RESUMO

This study evaluated the ability of reciprocating glide path instruments to reach the full working length (RFWL). Thirty mesial roots of mandibular molars were matched into 2 groups (n = 15 teeth, 30 root canals), according to the system used for glide path: WaveOne Gold Glider (WOGG) and R-Pilot. The samples with fractured instruments or when it was not possible to RFWL were scanned using micro-computed tomography. Fractured instruments were also visualised through a scanning electron microscopy to verify the type of fracture. The parameters were compared statistically by Fisher's and chi-square tests (P < 0.05). No instrument fractures were observed in the R-pilot, while 2 fractures occurred in the WOGG group (P > 0.05). RFLW was achieved in 29 canals (96.66%) and 28 canals (93.33%) with R-pilot and WOGG instruments, respectively (P > 0.05). The instruments are able to RFWL in mesial canals of mandibular molars. WOGG showed two fractures while no R-Pilot instruments fractured.

2.
Aust Endod J ; 2020 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33236472

RESUMO

The objective was to evaluate the shaping ability of XP-endo Shaper and Mtwo systems in oval-shaped canals preparation by microcomputed tomography (micro-CT) along the entire canal. The volume, surface area and percentage of unprepared area were evaluated by image processing in entire canal and apical third (5 mm). Apical transportation and centring ability were evaluated at 3, 5 and 7 mm from the apex. Forty single-canal oval canines were paired in two groups (n = 20) according to the instrumentation system: XP-endo Shaper and Mtwo. The teeth were scanned by micro-CT before and after instrumentation, using a thermal vat at 37°C. The XP-endo Shaper system was more effective in the instrumentation of oval-shaped canals when compared to Mtwo system, resulting in greater volume increases and lower percentage of unprepared canals walls in apical region. Regarding apical transportation and centring ability, no statistical difference was observed.

3.
J Clin Exp Dent ; 12(5): e514-e518, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32509236

RESUMO

Root fractures resulting from dental trauma involve dentin, cementum and pulp. The present study aimed to demonstrate the importance of cone-beam computed tomography (CBTC) and bioceramics in the correct planning and intervention of a horizontal root fracture case in tooth 11 with late treatment in an 18-year-old patient. Clinical and radiographic examinations revealed tooth displacement, pain on vertical percussion and images suggestive of a horizontal root fracture. Pulp necrosis was diagnosed and CBTC was requested for treatment planning. Subsequently, endodontic treatment was performed using a bioceramic apical plug. A 2-year follow-up indicated the absence of root resorption and normal periodontal and periapical tissues. It was concluded that endodontic treatment associated with the use of bioceramics and the aid of CBTC is an effective therapeutic option in cases of permanent horizontal root fractures. Key words:Bioceramics, Cone-beam computed tomography, dental Injuries, root fracture.

4.
Aust Endod J ; 46(2): 191-196, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31814249

RESUMO

This study evaluated the antimicrobial effectiveness of 6.5% Vitis vinifera grape seed extract (GSE) against Enterococcus faecalis biofilm using confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM). Saline solution (SS), 5.25% sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) and 2% chlorhexidine (CHX) were used for comparison. Dentin discs were inoculated with E. faecalis strain establishing a 3-week-old biofilm. Discs (n = 10) were exposed to 5.25% NaOCl, 2% CHX, 6.5% GSE and SS (negative control) for 10 min. Discs were stained with the fluorescent LIVE/DEAD-BacLight™ dye and analysed using CLSM. The proportion of dead cells in biofilm was analysed using one-way anova and Tukey tests (P < 0.05). A higher proportion of dead cells was found in GSE group compared with CHX and SS (P < 0.05). NaOCl group was associated with the highest proportion of dead cells (P < 0.05). GSE presented antimicrobial activity against E. faecalis; however, NaOCl was the most effective irrigant solution. GSE was more effective than CHX and SS.


Assuntos
Enterococcus faecalis , Extrato de Sementes de Uva , Biofilmes , Clorexidina , Dentina , Microscopia Confocal , Irrigantes do Canal Radicular , Hipoclorito de Sódio
5.
Gen Dent ; 67(3): 58-61, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31199746

RESUMO

This study evaluated the effect of previous irrigation with chlorhexidine (CHX) on the bond strength of a calcium silicate-based material, Biodentine, when used for furcal repair. Furcal perforations were produced in 30 extracted mandibular molars. Teeth were divided into 3 groups according to the irrigant used: distilled water (DW), CHX followed by DW (CHX), and CHX followed by ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) and DW (CHX/EDTA). Biodentine was used to repair the perforations. A push-out bond strength test was performed after 7 days, and data were statistically analyzed using Kruskal-Wallis and Dunn tests (P < 0.05). The CHX/EDTA group showed significantly lower values than the DW and CHX groups (P < 0.05). The failure mode of the DW group was mainly mixed, while that of the CHX group was cohesive. The CHX/EDTA group exhibited adhesive and mixed failures. Irrigation with CHX prior to furcation repair did not result in a statistically significant difference, compared to the use of DW, in the push-out bond strength of Biodentine.


Assuntos
Compostos de Cálcio/química , Clorexidina/química , Colagem Dentária , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular , Silicatos/química , Cálcio , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Dentina , Irrigantes do Canal Radicular/química , Hipoclorito de Sódio
6.
Aust Endod J ; 45(2): 196-201, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30230115

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to evaluate the root canal configuration of maxillary premolars using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT). CBCT images of 999 maxillary premolars from a database were analysed to determine the frequency of the number of roots, root canals and Vertucci's classification. The associations among these variables were evaluated by Chi-square test (P < 0.05). In the first premolars, 42.2% of single-rooted teeth had a type II configuration, whereas 98.7% of 2-rooted teeth showed type IV. In the second premolars, type I was the most prevalent (49.9%). The presence of two roots was more prevalent in first premolars, and the presence of one root was more prevalent in second premolars (P < 0.05). Male patients had a higher percentage of two roots compared with female patients (P < 0.05). Type IV and I was more prevalent in first and second premolars respectively (P < 0.05). There was a high frequency of 2-rooted and single-rooted teeth among maxillary first and second premolars respectively.


Assuntos
Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico , Cavidade Pulpar , Dente Pré-Molar , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Tratamento do Canal Radicular , Raiz Dentária
7.
J Conserv Dent ; 21(6): 588-591, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30546200

RESUMO

Context: The lack of thorough knowledge regarding morphological and anatomical variations of the root canal system can result in failure to identify all root canals and lead to inadequate instrumentation and consequent failure of the endodontic treatment. Aims: The aim of the study was to evaluate the anatomy of single-rooted mandibular canines using micro-computed tomography (micro-CT). Subjects and Methods: Eighty mandibular canines were scanned by micro-CT to determine anatomic parameters: Vertucci's classification, number of lateral canals, roundness, and minor and major diameters. The shape of root canal orifices, volume, surface area, and convexity structure model index (SMI) were also evaluated. Analysis Used: The CTAn and CTvol software were used to three-dimensional and morphometric analysis. Results: All canals were classified as Vertucci Type I. Lateral canals were verified in 42.4% of the roots, in apical third. The canal diameters were decreased near the apex. The cross sections at the cementoenamel junction and 1 mm from the apex were oval in 38.3% and 79.4% of the canals, respectively. The mean canal volumes and surface areas were 11.48 ± 4.41 mm3≥ and 67.29 ± 19.18 mm2, respectively. The SMI values indicated that mandibular canine was approximately rod like. Conclusions: The morphology of the root canal of single-rooted canines varied widely at different root levels.

8.
J Endod ; 43(12): 1978-1983, 2017 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29033085

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The proximity of the roots of maxillary posterior teeth to the maxillary sinus floor can be associated with the development of chronic maxillary sinusitis (CMS). Therefore, this study evaluated the correlation between the presence of endodontic infection and periodontal disease in maxillary posterior teeth and the presence of CMS. METHODS: A total of 83 patients (159 maxillary sinuses) were selected and underwent clinical dental examination to assess tooth mobility and pulp condition. In addition, cone-beam computed tomography was performed to evaluate the presence of periapical lesion and periodontal bone loss, and measure the distance from the root apex to the cortical of the maxillary sinus. The maxillary sinuses were divided into 2 groups: CMS and no maxillary sinusitis. Data were analyzed using χ2 test and binary logistic regression analysis (P < .05). RESULTS: Periodontal disease was positively associated with CMS, leading to a 3.45-fold higher association between these disorders (P < .05). CMS was significantly more common in patients with periodontal disease or endodontic infection in close proximity with the maxillary sinus. Periodontal disease or endodontic infection that was more distant from the maxillary sinus was more common in patients with no maxillary sinusitis (P < .05). To the extent that the tooth is more distant from the maxillary sinus floor, the chance of presenting CMS is reduced up to 2.5-fold (P < .05). CONCLUSION: Periodontal disease and proximity to the maxillary sinus are more common in cases of CMS, requiring a dental assessment and cone-beam computed tomography evaluation in patients with CMS with ineffective treatment.


Assuntos
Infecções Bacterianas/complicações , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico , Sinusite Maxilar/diagnóstico por imagem , Sinusite Maxilar/etiologia , Doenças Periodontais/complicações , Doenças Periodontais/diagnóstico por imagem , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Doença Crônica , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Sinusite Maxilar/microbiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doenças Periodontais/microbiologia , Adulto Jovem
9.
Case Rep Dent ; 2016: 3206845, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27547474

RESUMO

Gag reflex is a physiologic mechanism that promotes contraction of the muscles of the tongue and pharyngeal walls. Different factors, including intraoral radiographic films and sensors, may trigger this reflex. Patients with severe gag reflex may not be able to tolerate the presence of intraoral radiographic films or sensors during root canal therapy (RCT). This factor may prevent an appropriate intraoral radiograph, which is important in RCT. Different approaches have been used to facilitate dental procedures in patients suffering from severe gag reflex. The use of an extraoral radiographic technique is an alternative method to obtain working length confirmation in patients with severe gag reflex. In this report of 2 cases, the use of an extraoral radiographic technique as an alternative approach during RCT in patients with severe gag reflex associated with phobic behavior and trismus was successfully demonstrated.

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