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1.
Transplant Proc ; 2020 May 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32439334

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Caring for a patient with chronic liver disease involves exposure to factors that increase family caregivers' vulnerability to developing mental disorders. This study reassessed the scores of burden, stress, and depression in informal (family) caregivers of patients with liver disease after liver transplant. METHODS: In this observational and descriptive study, the caregivers were reassessed for the same outcomes 4 to 10 years following the initial assessment pre-transplant. The data were obtained from the identification card, the interview script, the Brazilian version of the Caregiver Burden Scale, the Lipp Inventory of Stress Symptoms for Adults, and the Beck Depression Inventory. Descriptive statistics of pre- and post-liver transplant phases were calculated, and the Wilcoxon signed rank test was used to compare the burden scores. RESULTS: The 5 caregivers were women, with a mean age of 51.6 (SD, 8.38) years. All of the caregivers' (100%) burden score increased, 2 caregivers needed to seek some form of help, and 3 caregivers showed an indication of burden risk. Regarding stress symptoms, 3 caregivers (60%) maintained a score indicating no stress, 2 caregivers (40%) presented increased scores, and the predominant symptoms changed from psychological to physical. Regarding depression, 3 caregivers (60%) maintained the minimum level of symptoms for depression, and 2 caregivers (40%) presented increased scores. CONCLUSION: After liver transplant, caregivers' burden scores increased, and levels of stress and depression increased for caregivers who already showed symptoms in the pre-transplant phase.

2.
Transplant Proc ; 52(5): 1303-1307, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32466954

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Assessment is considered a duty, as well as a part of the tasks of social workers; in addition, they have an ethical commitment to improve their working tools. This study aimed at validating the Adapted Social Assessment Instrument used in a transplant center in the state of São Paulo, Brazil, for liver transplantation candidates, requiring its improvement and strengthening. METHODS: The methodology was based on both Marxian dialectics and the method of content validation. The content validation analysis was performed by 5 social workers from 3 Brazilian transplant centers. They evaluated the 5 domains of the instrument: identification, socio-demographic profile, eligibility criteria, evaluation, and social interventions. Descriptive statistics of data were performed, and qualitative analysis was associated to the participant observation. RESULTS: The 5 professionals (100%) assigned the scores 3 and 4, which have demonstrated clarity, relevance, and feasibility, pointing out suggestions for improvement, some of which were considered. CONCLUSIONS: The instrument was evaluated with an approval percentage of above 80%; therefore, the instrument is a valid measure.


Assuntos
Hepatopatias/psicologia , Transplante de Fígado/psicologia , Seleção de Pacientes , Testes Psicológicos/normas , Adulto , Brasil , Feminino , Humanos , Hepatopatias/cirurgia , Masculino , Período Pré-Operatório , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Inquéritos e Questionários
3.
Arch. Health Sci. (Online) ; 26(2): http://www.cienciasdasaude.famerp.br/index.php/racs/article/view/1443, abri-set.2019.
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1045948

RESUMO

Introdução: Acidentes de trânsito (AT) são uma das principais causas de trauma no mundo. No Brasil, a taxa de mortalidade de motociclistas envolvidos em AT aumentou de forma significante entre 2004 e 2014: de 2,8 para 6,2 óbitos respectivamente por 100 mil habitantes. Objetivos: caracterizar o perfil sociodemográfico e clínico de motociclistas vítimas de Acidentes de Trânsito atendidos no Hospital de Base de São José do Rio Preto (2016 a 2018); identificar o perfil comportamental desses pacientes e rastrear sintomas de transtornos mentais. Métodos: pacientes envolvidos em acidentes com motocicleta (motoristas), atendidos no Pronto Atendimento da Cirurgia do Hospital de Base de São José do Rio Preto, SP, Brasil, foram convidados a participar do estudo e responderam aos seguintes instrumentos: Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI) e Inventário de Auto-Avaliação para Adultos (ASR). O Banco de Dados da Unidade de Trauma do Hospital de Base forneceu as infomações do prontuário para a construção do perfil sociodemográfico e clínico (referentes às lesões do trauma) do paciente. Resultados: Os participantes (n = 40) eram principalmente do sexo masculino, com média de idade de 33,83 anos (± 12,95) e baixa escolaridade; 13 relataram dirigir após ingestão de bebida alcoólica. A maioria apresentou lesões leves. Foram identificados (ASR e MINI) problemas externalizantes e internalizantes, violação de regras, queixas somáticas, abuso de álcool e de crack. Conclusão: Entre os motociclistas acidentados houve predominância de jovens do sexo masculino com baixa escolaridade, maior prevalência de lesões nas extremidades e no abdomem, uso de álcool associado à direção e presença de sintomas de transtornos mentais internalizantes e externalizantes.


Introduction: Motorcycle accidents are the main causes of trauma in the world. In Brazil, death rates of motorcyclists involved in traffic accidents have increased significantly from 2004 to 2014, going from 2.8 to 6.2 deaths per 100 thousand inhabitants. Objectives: To characterize the sociodemographic and clinical profile of traffic accidents victims involved in motorcycle accidents referred to Hospital de Base, São José do Rio Preto, S.P., Brazil, from 2016 to 2018; To identify the behavioral profile of these patients, and trace symptoms of mental disorders. Methods: Patients involved in a motorcycle accident (riders) who received medical attention at the emergency surgery service at Hospital de Base were invited to participate the study. All participants signed the informed consent form. We used the following instruments: Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI) and the Adult Self-Assessment Inventory (ASAI). Patients' files were retrieved from the Trauma Unit registries in order to build a sociodemographic and clinical profile of the patient, as well as any medical information. Results: We included 40 participants, mainly men with a mean of age 33.83±12.95 years and lower scholar degree; 13 participants reported driving after drinking alcohol. Most had mild injuries. Externalizing and internalizing problems, infringement of rules, somatic complaints, as well as alcohol and crack abuse were identified. Conclusion: Among crashed motorcycle riders, there was a predominance of young men with low education and higher prevalence of injuries to the extremities and abdomen. We also concluded that the participants presented the use of alcohol associated with motorcycle riding, as well as the presence of symptoms of internalizing and externalizing mental disorders.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Acidentes de Trânsito , Motocicletas , Cocaína Crack , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias , Alcoolismo , Escolaridade , Comportamentos de Risco à Saúde , Transtornos Mentais
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