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Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33772638


The dopaminergic system of zebrafish is complex and the numerous pathways and receptors in the central nervous system (CNS) are being extensively studied. A critical factor for the synthesis, activation and release of catecholamines (CAs) is the presence of tyrosine hydroxylase, an enzyme which converts L-tyrosine into levodopa. Levodopa thus is the intermediary in the synthesis of dopamine (DA) and norepinephrine (NE) and promotes its release; therefore, CAs play an important role in the CNS with hormonal functions. Here, we use levodopa/carbidopa to clarify the involvement of the dopaminergic pathway in the stress response in zebrafish submitted to an acute stress challenge. Acute stress was induced by chasing fish with a net for 2 min and assessed by measuring whole-body cortisol levels. Two experiments were carried out, the first with exposure to levodopa/carbidopa and the second with exposure to AMPT and levodopa/carbidopa. Levodopa/carbidopa balances the stress response through its action on the zebrafish hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis. Changes in cortisol levels suggest that DA was related to the balance of the stress response and that NE decreased this response. These effects were specific to stress since levodopa/carbidopa did not induce changes in cortisol in non-stressed fish.

Gen Comp Endocrinol ; 252: 236-238, 2017 10 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28716505


In this article, we show that the tyrosine hydroxylase inhibitor α-Methyl-l-tyrosine (AMPT) decreased the responsiveness of the zebrafish stress axis to an acute stressful challenge. These effects were specific for responses to stimulation, since unstimulated (basal) cortisol levels were not altered by AMPT. Moreover, AMPT decreased the stress response 15min after stimulation, but not after that time period. To our knowledge, this is the first report about the effects of AMPT on the neuroendocrine axis of adult zebrafish in acute stress responses. Overall, these results suggest a mechanism of catecholamine-glucocorticoid interplay in neuroendocrine responses of fish, pointing an interesting avenue for physiological research, as well as an important endpoint that can be disrupted by environmental contamination. Further experiments will unravel the mechanisms by which AMPT blocked the cortisol response.

Inibidores Enzimáticos/farmacologia , Estresse Fisiológico/efeitos dos fármacos , Tirosina 3-Mono-Oxigenase/antagonistas & inibidores , Peixe-Zebra/fisiologia , alfa-Metiltirosina/farmacologia , Animais , Feminino , Hidrocortisona/sangue , Masculino , Tirosina 3-Mono-Oxigenase/metabolismo , Peixe-Zebra/sangue
Span J Psychol ; 10(2): 436-48, 2007 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17992970


The aggressive display in Betta splendens is particularly prominent, and vital to its adaptation to the environment. Methylmercury is an organic variation of Hg that presents particularly pronounced neuro-behavioral effects. The present experiments aim to test the effect of acute and chronic poisoning with methylmercury on the display in Bettas. The animals were poisoned by trophic means in both experiments (16 ug/kg in acute poisoning; 16 ug/kg/day for chronic poisoning), and tested in agonistic pairs. The total frequency of the display was recorded, analyzing the topography of the agonistic response. The methylmercury seems to present a dose- and detoxification-dependent effect on these responses, with a more pronounced effect on motivity in acute poisoning and on emotionality in the chronic poisoning. It is possible that this effect could be mediated by alteration in the mono-amino-oxidase systems.

Afeto/efeitos dos fármacos , Agressão/efeitos dos fármacos , Comportamento Apetitivo/efeitos dos fármacos , Comportamento Animal/efeitos dos fármacos , Compostos de Metilmercúrio/envenenamento , Animais , Peixes