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1.
BMC Oral Health ; 20(1): 116, 2020 04 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32299404

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The biologic width is defined as the coronal dimension to the alveolar bone that is occupied by healthy gingival tissue. The objective of the present study was to correlate radiographic findings of biologic width invasion with the periodontium status. METHODS: It were included 14 patients with restored teeth with biological width invasion, on the proximal sites, observed clinically and radiographically. 122 proximal sites were evaluated, 61 in the test group (biological width invasion) and 61 in the control group (adequate biological width). Smokers and patients presenting periodontal disease or restorations with contact in eccentric movements, horizontal over-contour or secondary caries were excluded from the sample. The invasion of the biologic width was diagnosed when the distance from the gingival margin of restoration to the bony crest was less than 3 mm. Intrabony defect and bone crest level, as well as, their vertical and horizontal components were radiographically evaluated when present. Plaque index, bleeding on probing, probing depth, gingival recession height, keratinized gingival height and thickness, and clinical attachment level were clinically evaluated. Data were subjected to Spearman's Correlation and Wilcoxon's test. RESULT: The most prevalent tooth with biological width invasion was the first molar. There was a statistically significant correlation between the bone crest (p < 0.001), vertical (p < 0.001) and horizontal (p = 0.001) components. In the test group, there was a statistically significant correlation between bleeding on probing (p < 0.001; r = 0.618) and width of gingival recession (p = 0.030; r = - 0.602) with the intraosseous component; and between keratinized gingival height and bone level (p = 0.037; r = - 0.267). In the control group, there was a correlation between plaque index (p = 0.027; r = - 0.283) with bone level and correlation between keratinized gingival thickness and bone level (p = 0.034; r = - 0.273) and intrabony component (p = 0.042; r = 0.226). CONCLUSION: A statistically significant relationship was found between bleeding on probing and gingival recession in patients who presented intrabony defects due to the invasion of biological width, which may be also related to the thickness of the keratinized gingiva.


Assuntos
Perda do Osso Alveolar/diagnóstico por imagem , Produtos Biológicos , Retração Gengival/diagnóstico por imagem , Periodonto/patologia , Adulto , Perda do Osso Alveolar/etiologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Índice de Placa Dentária , Feminino , Seguimentos , Gengiva/diagnóstico por imagem , Gengiva/patologia , Retração Gengival/etiologia , Retração Gengival/patologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Perda da Inserção Periodontal/diagnóstico por imagem , Perda da Inserção Periodontal/etiologia , Periodontite/diagnóstico por imagem , Periodontite/etiologia , Prevalência , Radiografia
2.
Arch Oral Biol ; 107: 104486, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31374491

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the association between mandibular third molar position and occurrence of pericoronitis. DESIGN: The systematic review was performed based on PRISMA criteria (Prospero: CRD42018102835). The electronic search was performed in Medline, Virtual Health Library and Web of Science (until August 2018), without language restriction. Two researchers independently selected studies, extracted data, and assessed methodologic quality. Twenty-one articles were included in the review, comprising 6895 patients, with 1913 third mandibular molars being affected by pericoronitis. Ten studies were incuded in meta-analysis. RESULTS: The third molar in vertical position of Winter is the one with the greatest chance of presenting pericoronitis, compared to the other positions, while the horizontal position decreases this chance. There was no significant difference in the chance of pericoronitis between positions I and II of Pell & Gregory (OR: 0.29; IC: 0.07-1.23, I2 = 88%). Third molars classified in position A had greater chance of pericoronitis when compared to those in position B (OR: 7.13; IC: 1.31-38.74, I2 = 93%). The vertical position of the lower third molar is more associated with the occurrence of pericoronitis when compared to the other positions. CONCLUSIONS: Vertical position of the lower third molar is more associated with the occurrence of pericoronitis when compared to the other Winter' positions. Considering Pell and Gregory positions, position A had a greater chance of pericoronitis compared to position B. The prophylactic removal of lower third semi-erupted vertical molar or in position A is indicated to prevent pericoronitis.


Assuntos
Dente Serotino , Pericoronite/etiologia , Dente Impactado/complicações , Humanos , Mandíbula
3.
J Periodontol ; 88(2): 166-172, 2017 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27712461

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this longitudinal study is to verify changes in the oral health-related quality of life of patients 180 days after treatment of dentin hypersensitivity (DH) with laser and cyanoacrylate. METHODS: This clinical, controlled, randomized, double-masked trial used a split-mouth design, and quadrants were randomized to receive either laser or cyanoacrylate treatments. All patients received both treatments. The study included 62 patients aged 12 to 60 years (mean: 31.4 years) in whom a total of 432 teeth were treated. Quadrants were randomly distributed into two groups: cyanoacrylate (n = 218 teeth) or laser (n = 216 teeth) treatment. DH was evaluated with air and cold stimuli at 24 hours, 30, 90, and 180 days after treatment. The Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-14) questionnaire was applied at baseline and 180 days after treatment. RESULTS: There were statistically significant differences in the following OHIP-14 subscales before and after treatment: physical pain (P = 0.002), psychologic discomfort (P <0.001), psychologic disability (P = 0.003), social disability (P = 0.01), and total score (P <0.001). At the end of the study, 80.6% of participants reported an improvement in their condition. CONCLUSION: There was a reduction in the impact of DH on the quality of life of study participants after interventions with laser and cyanoacrylate.


Assuntos
Cianoacrilatos/uso terapêutico , Sensibilidade da Dentina/tratamento farmacológico , Sensibilidade da Dentina/radioterapia , Terapia a Laser/métodos , Saúde Bucal , Qualidade de Vida , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Terapia Combinada , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inquéritos e Questionários , Resultado do Tratamento
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