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1.
Chemosphere ; 239: 124670, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31505441

RESUMO

The objectives of this study were to determine the viability of removing Orange II (OII) dye by simulated solar photoelectro-Fenton (SSPEF) and to evaluate the stability of a WO2.72/Vulcan XC72 gas diffusion electrode (GDE) and thus determine its best operating parameters. The GDE cathode was combined with a BDD anode for decolorization and mineralization of 350 mL of 0.26 mM OII by anodic oxidation with electrogenerated H2O2 (AO-H2O2), electro-Fenton (EF) and photoelectro-Fenton (PEF) at 100, 150 and 200 mA cm-2 and SSPEF at 150 mA cm-2. The GDE showed successful operation for electrogeneration, good reproducibility and low leaching of W. Decolorization and OII decay were directly proportional to the current density (j). AO-H2O2 had a reduced performance that was only half of the SSPEF, PEF and EF treatments. The mineralization efficiency was in the following order: AO-H2O2 < EF < PEF ≈ SSPEF. This showed that the GDE, BDD anode and light radiation combination was advantageous and indicated that the SSPEF process is promising with both a lower cost than using UV lamps and simulating solar photoelectro-Fenton process. The PEF process with the lowest j (100 mA cm-2) showed the best performance-mineralization current efficiency.


Assuntos
Compostos Azo/análise , Benzenossulfonatos/análise , Técnicas Eletroquímicas , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/química , Ferro/química , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Eletrodos , Oxirredução , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Luz Solar
2.
Int J Esthet Dent ; 10(4): 598-609, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26794055

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the influence of Nd:YAG laser on the evaporation degree (ED) of the solvent components in total-etch and self-etch adhesives. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The ED of Gluma Comfort Bond (Heraeus-Kulzer) one-step self-etch adhesive, and Adper Single Bond 2 (3M ESPE), and XP Bond (Dentsply) total-etch adhesives was determined by weight alterations using two techniques: Control--spontaneous evaporation of the solvent for 5 min; Experimental--Nd:YAG laser irradiation for 1 min, followed by spontaneous evaporation for 4 min. The weight loss due to evaporation of the volatile components was measured at baseline and after 10 s, 20 s, 30 s, 40 s, 50 s, 60 s, 70 s, 80 s, 90 s, 100 s, 110 s, 2 min, 3 min, 4 min, and 5 min. RESULTS: Evaporation of solvent components significantly increased with Nd:YAG laser irradiation for all adhesives investigated. Gluma Comfort Bond showed significantly higher evaporation of solvent components than Adper Single Bond 2 and XP Bond. All the adhesives lost weight quickly during the first min of Nd:YAG laser irradiation. CONCLUSION: The application of Nd:YAG laser on adhesives before light curing had a significant effect on the evaporation of the solvent components, and the ED of Gluma Comfort Bond one-step self-etch adhesive was significantly higher than with Adper Single Bond 2 and XP Bond total-etch adhesives. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: The use of the Nd:YAG laser on the uncured adhesive technique can promote a greater ED of solvents, optimizing the longevity of the adhesive restorations.


Assuntos
Adesivos Dentinários/química , Lasers de Estado Sólido , Solventes/química , Cimentos Dentários/química , Cimentos Dentários/efeitos da radiação , Adesivos Dentinários/efeitos da radiação , Humanos , Umidade , Cura Luminosa de Adesivos Dentários/métodos , Teste de Materiais , Transição de Fase , Solventes/efeitos da radiação , Temperatura Ambiente , Fatores de Tempo , Volatilização
3.
Int J Food Sci Nutr ; 63(5): 548-52, 2012 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22165994

RESUMO

Is well known that obesity has increased significantly in recent times and therefore many dietary supplements, synthetic or natural, have been proposed in order to prevent and/or to treat obesity or overweight. Chitosan, a polysaccharide with ability to act as a carrier and to absorb fat, has been used for this purpose. However, interactions with other molecules present in the body may also occur and, therefore, the purpose of this study was to evaluate interactions of chitosan with vitamin B12. Spectroscopic properties of vitamin B12 (acid aqueous solution) were monitored in the absence and the presence of chitosan in order to evaluate possible interactions between the two. Results showed that the rigid micro-environment generated by chitosan solution modifies the photophysical properties of vitamin B12. Thus, chitosan is able to eliminate vitamin B12 and, based on this information, some care must be taken during prolonged treatment with chitosan.


Assuntos
Fármacos Antiobesidade/efeitos adversos , Deficiência de Vitaminas/etiologia , Quitosana/efeitos adversos , Suplementos Nutricionais/efeitos adversos , Obesidade/metabolismo , Processos Fotoquímicos , Vitamina B 12/metabolismo , Fármacos Antiobesidade/química , Fármacos Antiobesidade/uso terapêutico , Deficiência de Vitaminas/metabolismo , Deficiência de Vitaminas/prevenção & controle , Quitosana/química , Quitosana/uso terapêutico , Obesidade/tratamento farmacológico , Vitamina B 12/química
4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21550841

RESUMO

Xanthenes form to an important class of dyes which are widely used. Most of them present three acid-base groups: two phenolic sites and one carboxylic site. Therefore, the pKa determination and the attribution of each group to the corresponding pKa value is a very important feature. Attempts to obtain reliable pKa through the potentiometry titration and the electronic absorption spectrophotometry using the first and second orders derivative failed. Due to the close pKa values allied to strong UV-Vis spectral overlap, multivariate analysis, a powerful chemometric method, is applied in this work. The determination was performed for eosin Y, erythrosin B, and bengal rose B, and also for other synthesized derivatives such as 2-(3,6-dihydroxy-9-acridinyl) benzoic acid, 2,4,5,7-tetranitrofluorescein, eosin methyl ester, and erythrosin methyl ester in water. These last two compounds (esters) permitted to attribute the pKa of the phenolic group, which is not easily recognizable for some investigated dyes. Besides the pKa determination, the chemometry allowed for estimating the electronic spectrum of some prevalent protolytic species and the substituents effects evaluation.


Assuntos
Amarelo de Eosina-(YS)/química , Eritrosina/química , Luz , Rosa Bengala/química , Espectrofotometria Ultravioleta , Água/química , Xantenos/química , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Soluções
5.
J Fluoresc ; 19(2): 327-32, 2009 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18815872

RESUMO

Potentially useful stead-state fluorimetric technique was used to determine the critical micellar concentrations (CMC(1) and CMC(2)) for two micellar media, one formed by SDS and the other by SDS/Brij 30. A comparative study based on conductimetric and surfacial tension measurements suggests that the CMC(1) estimated by the fluorimetric method is lower than the value estimated by these other techniques. Equivalent values were observed for SDS micelles without Brij 30 neutral co-surfactant. The use of acridine orange as fluorescent probe permitted to determine both CMC(1) and CMC(2). Based on it an explanation on aspects of micelle formation mechanism is presented, particularly based on a spherical and a rod like structures.


Assuntos
Fluorometria/métodos , Micelas , Polietilenoglicóis/química , Dodecilsulfato de Sódio/química , Laranja Acridina , Polidocanol , Tensoativos/química
6.
Photochem Photobiol Sci ; 3(1): 79-84, 2004 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-14743283

RESUMO

The photophysics of 3-(benzoxazol-2-yl)-7-(N,N-diethylamino)chromen-2-one was studied in different solvents and in SDS micelles. This compound presents characteristics which include an S(0)---> S(1) ( pi,pi*) transition with a (1)(n,pi*) perturbative component, due to the electronic coupling between the diethylamino group and the coumarin ring, considerable solvatochromism, dual fluorescence and high fluorescence quantum yields in almost all solvents studied. The electronic structure of the S(1) and S(2) excited states permits vibronic coupling between them, making configurational changes of the S(2) excited state possible, leading to the formation of an S(2)(TICT) state. Analysis of the TCSPC data indicates an equilibrium between the S(2)(TICT) and S(1)(LE) states in favour of the former. In protic solvents, the hydrogen bonding between the solvent and the diethylamino moiety results in the formation of an S(2)(HICT) state, making internal conversion an important deactivation process. Quantum mechanical calculations for the isolated molecule show that the diethylamino group in the S(2)(TICT) state is twisted at least 56 degree from the plane of the coumarin ring, with partial electronic decoupling between -NEt(2) and the coumarin ring. This twisting angle must be positively influenced by solute-solvent interactions. [capital Phi](ST) is found to be small, but not negligible. However, Phi (delta) can be considered negligible, an indication that T(1) is a short-lived state. Based on the experimental data and theoretical calculations, the most probable sequence for the first excited states, including the TICT state, is T(1)(n, pi*) < S(2)(TICT) < S(1)(pi,pi*) approximate S(2) (n,pi*).

7.
Photochem Photobiol Sci ; 2(9): 921-5, 2003 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-14560809

RESUMO

The synthesis of silver nanoprisms in aqueous solution using poly(N-vinyl-2-pyrrolidone) (PVP) with different molecular weights (29, 55 and 1300 kg mol(-1)) as a stabilizing agent is described. Low molecular weight PVP (55 kg mol(-1)) is indicated for the preparation of a stable blue solution containing Ag nanoprisms via extended irradiation of a yellow colloidal solution of nanospheres with polychromatic visible light. The fluorescence properties of some cationic dyes (acridine, 9-aminoacridine, Nile Blue and auramine), free and bound to poly(methacrylic acid), have been studied in the presence of different shaped Ag colloidal particles in solution. Only auramine displays an amplification of the fluorescence signal with increasing colloid concentration, while the fluorescence of the other dyes is quenched by interaction with the polymer-stabilized metal nanoparticles.

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