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1.
Pathogens ; 10(4)2021 Mar 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33807254

RESUMO

Orthopoxvirus (OPV) infections have been present in human life for hundreds of years. It is known that Variola virus (VARV) killed over 300 million people in the past; however, it had an end thanks to the physician Edward Jenner (who developed the first vaccine in history) and also thanks to a massive vaccination program in the 20th century all over the world. Although the first vaccine was created using the Cowpox virus (CPXV), it turned out later that the Vaccinia virus was the one used during the vaccination program. VACV is the etiological agent of bovine vaccinia (BV), a zoonotic disease that has emerged in Brazil and South America in the last 20 years. BV has a great impact on local dairy economies and is also a burden to public health. In this review, we described the main events related to VACV and BV emergence in Brazil and South America, the increase of related scientific studies, and the issues that science, human and animal medicine are going to face if we do not be on guard to this virus and its disease.

2.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(5)2021 Feb 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33670895

RESUMO

Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are functional transcripts with more than 200 nucleotides. These molecules exhibit great regulatory capacity and may act at different levels of gene expression regulation. Despite this regulatory versatility, the biology of these molecules is still poorly understood. Computational approaches are being increasingly used to elucidate biological mechanisms in which these lncRNAs may be involved. Co-expression networks can serve as great allies in elucidating the possible regulatory contexts in which these molecules are involved. Herein, we propose the use of the pipeline deposited in the RTN package to build lncRNAs co-expression networks using TCGA breast cancer (BC) cohort data. Worldwide, BC is the most common cancer in women and has great molecular heterogeneity. We identified an enriched co-expression network for the validation of relevant cell processes in the context of BC, including LINC00504. This lncRNA has increased expression in luminal subtype A samples, and is associated with prognosis in basal-like subtype. Silencing this lncRNA in luminal A cell lines resulted in decreased cell viability and colony formation. These results highlight the relevance of the proposed method for the identification of lncRNAs in specific biological contexts.

4.
Proteomics ; : e2000129, 2021 Feb 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33570822

RESUMO

The use of plant growth-promoting bacteria as agricultural inoculants of plants should be encouraged because of their prominent role in biological nitrogen fixation, the increase of nutrient uptake by roots, abiotic stress mitigation, and disease control. The complex mechanisms underlying the association between plant and beneficial bacteria have been increasingly studied, and proteomic tools can expand our perception regarding the fundamental molecular processes modulated by the interaction. In this study, we investigated the changes in protein expression in maize roots in response to treatment with the endophytic diazotrophic Herbaspirillum seropedicae and the activities of enzymes related to nitrogen metabolism. To identify maize proteins whose expression levels were altered in the presence of bacteria, a label-free quantitative proteomic approach was employed. Using this approach, we identified 123 differentially expressed proteins, of which 34 were upregulated enzymes, in maize roots cultivated with H. seropedicae. The maize root colonization of H. seropedicae modulated the differential expression of enzymes involved in the stress response, such as peroxidases, phenylalanine ammonia-lyase, and glutathione transferase. The differential protein profile obtained in the inoculated roots reflects the effect of colonization on plant growth and development compared with control plants.

5.
Viruses ; 12(11)2020 10 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33143114

RESUMO

Yellow fever (YF) is a re-emerging viral zoonosis caused by the Yellow Fever virus (YFV), affecting humans and non-human primates (NHP). YF is endemic in South America and Africa, being considered a burden for public health worldwide despite the availability of an effective vaccine. Acute infectious disease can progress to severe hemorrhagic conditions and has high rates of morbidity and mortality in endemic countries. In 2016, Brazil started experiencing one of the most significant YF epidemics in its history, with lots of deaths being reported in regions that were previously considered free of the disease. Here, we reviewed the historical aspects of YF in Brazil, the epidemiology of the disease, the challenges that remain in Brazil's public health context, the main lessons learned from the recent outbreaks, and our perspective for facing future YF epidemics.

6.
Acta Parasitol ; 2020 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33044603

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Visceral Leishmaniasis (VL) has been considered one of the most important neglected zoonosis in the world. In Brazil, this disease passed for an urbanization process and currently pets (dogs and cats) animals have acquired a great importance on its epidemiology. Studies on dogs have been extensively performed throughout the country, but information about infection in cats has been concentrated in few areas. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the occurrence of infection by Leishmania infantum in domestic cats living in endemic areas for Canine Visceral Leishmaniasis (CVL) in the state of Pernambuco, Northeastern Brazil. METHODS: Domiciled cats (n = 128) were sampled for different biological samples (i.e., blood, conjunctival swab and fine needle aspiration of lymph nodes) that were microscopically and molecularly analyzed through PCR and sequencing. RESULTS: Amastigote forms of Leishmania sp. were detected in a single animal (fine needle aspiration of lymph node). This same animal scored positive at molecular examination (blood and lymph node) and the sequence analysis revealed an identity higher than 99% with L. infantum sequences DNA available in Genbank database. CONCLUSION: This is the first molecular characterization of L. infantum infecting domestic cats in Pernambuco. Therefore, veterinary practitioners should consider this putative infection in cats living in areas where canine and human Leishmaniasis has been reported.

7.
J Gene Med ; 22(12): e3271, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32889751

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been the target of considerable attention for their roles in many biological processes. Only a small portion of lncRNAs are functionally characterized, and several approaches have been proposed for investigating the roles of these molecules, including how polymorphisms in lncRNA genomic sites may interfere with their function. Allele frequency variation in single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), for example, has been associated with several diseases, including breast cancer (BC), the most common type of cancer in women. METHODS: In the present study, we performed a systematic review of lncRNA SNPs associated with BC and a meta-analysis of some lncRNA SNPs. We found 31 SNPs mapped in 12 lncRNAs associated with BC in 28 case-control studies. RESULTS: Our meta-analysis showed an insignificant difference between the SNPs rs217727, rs3741219, rs2107425 and rs2839698 on H19, as well as rs920778, rs1899663, rs12826786 and rs4759314 on HOTAIR, and BC susceptibility. CONCLUSIONS: The present analysis recognized the importance of extensive association studies, including different populations, and further evaluation of potential functional effects caused by lncRNA SNPs. Nevertheless, genetic variants such as SNPs in lncRNAs may play many other essential roles, although this field is still under explored.

8.
Int J Infect Dis ; 101: 17-23, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32947056

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Hepatitis A virus (HAV) infection is considered highly endemic in Brazil, especially in low-income areas. In contrast, only a few human cases of hepatitis E have been reported. This study aimed to estimate the prevalence and potential risk factors of HAV and hepatitis E virus (HEV) infections in an adult population from a rural township of southeastern Brazil. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional survey using serum samples from urban and rural residents of Cássia dos Coqueiros, São Paulo state. A total of 990 samples were tested for anti-HAV IgG by chemiluminescent microparticle immunoassay, and a subset of 248 samples tested for anti-HEV IgG, using two commercial ELISA. Variables associated with anti-HAV and anti-HEV positivity were assessed by a multivariate analysis using a binomial logistic regression model. RESULTS: Seroprevalence of HAV and HEV was 89.1% and 20.7%, respectively. Age was significantly associated with HAV infection. Wantai and Mikrogen ELISA yielded comparable HEV seroprevalence results. CONCLUSIONS: Anti-HAV seroprevalence has declined and correlates with age, whereas anti-HEV was significantly higher than that found in previous population-based studies. These results indicate a need for further investigations of the magnitude of HEV infection in Brazil using the currently available, more sensitive diagnostic methods.

9.
Vaccine ; 38(42): 6592-6599, 2020 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32788140

RESUMO

Yellow Fever (YF) is an acute febrile illness caused by yellow fever virus (YFV), a mosquito-borne flavivirus transmitted to humans and non-human primates. In Brazil, YF is a public health threat and may cause recurrent epidemics, even with the availability of a vaccine. We evaluated the sero-status for YFV in 581 individuals living in a risk area for YF in Brazil. The area presents history of cases and is located in the southeast region of country where outbreaks of YF have been reported since 2016. Through, a PRNT assay, we found 25.8% of individuals lacking YF-neutralizing antibodies. Furthermore, neutralizing antibodies were not detected in 10 individuals with proven vaccination. Our findings reinforce the importance of surveillance systems and the need of an urgent intensification of immunization programs in regions with YFV circulation. Monitoring susceptible individuals that could act as potential disseminators for YFV in risk areas should also be considered.

10.
Toxicol In Vitro ; 68: 104927, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32634469

RESUMO

Breast cancer is a complex disease and encompassing different types of tumor. Although advances in understanding of the molecular bases of breast cancer biology, the therapeutic proposals available still are not effective. In this scenario, the present study aimed to evaluate the mechanisms associated to antitumor activity of 7-Epiclusianone (7-Epi), a tetraprenylated benzophenone, on luminal A (MCF-7) and claudin-low (Hs 578T) breast cancer cell lines. We found that 7-Epi efficiently inhibited cell proliferation and migration of these cells; however MCF-7 was slightly more responsive than Hs 578T. Cell cycle analysis showed accumulation of cells at G0/G1 phase with drastic reduction of S population in treated cultures. This effect was associated to downregulation of CDKN1A (p21) and cyclin E in both cell lines. In addition, 7-Epi reduced cyclin D1 and p-ERK expression levels in MCF-7 cell line. Cytotoxic effect of 7-Epi on breast cancer cell lines was associated to its ability to increase BAX/BCL-2 ratio. In conclusion, our findings showed that 7-Epi is a promising antitumor agent against breast cancer by modulating critical regulators of the cell cycle and apoptosis.

11.
Genet Mol Biol ; 42(4): e20190278, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32142098

RESUMO

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play an essential role in gene expression and affect the development of tumours, including breast cancer (BC). Polymorphisms in miRNA genes can affect the interaction of miRNAs with their target messenger RNA by interfering, creating or disrupting target sites. The single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs2910164, located in the seed region of miR146a, was shown to be associated with BC among different populations. In the present study, we investigated whether rs2910164 is associated with BC in 326 patients and 411 controls from a Brazilian population of predominantly European ancestry. The presence of the allele rs2910164*C was associated with an increased risk of BC (OR=1.4, 95% CI=1.03-1.85, p = 0.03). We also analysed publicly available RNA-seq data to evaluate if miR146a is differentially expressed in different subtypes of BC. Genotyping was performed by polymerase chain reaction with sequence-specific primers (PCR-SSP). By leveraging public data from TCGA database, we analysed 461 patients and found that miR146a is significantly more expressed in BC than in non-tumor tissue (1.47 fold, p = 0.02) and is expressed to a greater degree in aggressive BC subtypes.

12.
J Nanobiotechnology ; 18(1): 43, 2020 Mar 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32164731

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Metastasis causes the most breast cancer-related deaths in women. Here, we investigated the antitumor effect of solid lipid nanoparticles (SLN-DTX) when used in the treatment of metastatic breast tumors using 4T1-bearing BALB/c mice. RESULTS: Solid lipid nanoparticles (SLNs) were produced using the high-energy method. Compritol 888 ATO was selected as the lipid matrix, and Pluronic F127 and Span 80 as the surfactants to stabilize nanoparticle dispersion. The particles had high stability for at least 120 days. The SLNs' dispersion size was 128 nm, their polydispersity index (PDI) was 0.2, and they showed a negative zeta potential. SLNs had high docetaxel (DTX) entrapment efficiency (86%), 2% of drug loading and showed a controlled drug-release profile. The half-maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50) of SLN-DTX against 4T1 cells was more than 100 times lower than that of free DTX after 24 h treatment. In the cellular uptake test, SLN-DTX was taken into the cells significantly more than free DTX. The accumulation in the G2-M phase was significantly higher in cells treated with SLN-DTX (73.7%) than in cells treated with free DTX (23.0%), which induced subsequent apoptosis. TEM analysis revealed that SLN-DTX internalization is mediated by endocytosis, and fluorescence microscopy showed DTX induced microtubule damage. In vivo studies showed that SLN-DTX compared to free docetaxel exhibited higher antitumor efficacy by reducing tumor volume (p < 0.0001) and also prevented spontaneous lung metastasis in 4T1 tumor-bearing mice. Histological studies of lungs confirmed that treatment with SLN-DTX was able to prevent tumor. IL-6 serum levels, ki-67 and BCL-2 expression were analyzed and showed a remarkably strong reduction when used in a combined treatment. CONCLUSIONS: These results indicate that DTX-loaded SLNs may be a promising carrier to treat breast cancer and in metastasis prevention.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Docetaxel/farmacologia , Lipídeos/farmacologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Nanopartículas/química , Animais , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Portadores de Fármacos/farmacologia , Ácidos Graxos/farmacologia , Feminino , Hexoses/farmacologia , Concentração Inibidora 50 , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Células NIH 3T3 , Tamanho da Partícula , Poloxâmero/farmacologia
13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32014474

RESUMO

Aberrant expression of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) has been detected in several types of cancer, including acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), but lncRNA mapped on transcribed ultraconserved regions (T-UCRs) are little explored. The T-UCRs uc.112, uc.122, uc.160 and uc.262 were evaluated by quantitative real-time PCR in bone marrow samples from children with T-ALL (n=32) and common-ALL/pre-B ALL (n=30). In pediatric ALL, higher expression levels of uc.112 were found in patients with T-ALL, compared to patients with B-ALL. T-cells did not differ significantly from B-cells regarding uc.112 expression in non-tumor precursors from public data. Additionally, among B-ALL patients, uc.112 was also found to be increased in patients with hyperdiploidy, compared to other karyotype results. The uc.122, uc.160, and uc.262 were not associated with biological or clinical features. These findings suggest a potential role of uc.112 in pediatric ALL and emphasize the need for further investigation of T-UCR in pediatric ALL.

14.
Wiley Interdiscip Rev RNA ; 11(2): e1567, 2020 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31489780

RESUMO

Ultraconserved regions (UCRs) are 481 DNA segments longer than 200 bp in length that are completely conserved among human, mouse, and rat and, extremely conserved across disparate taxa. More than 90% of UCRs are transcribed (T-UCRs) in normal tissues, but most of them remain uncharacterized. In addition, it was demonstrated that T-UCRs have a tissue-specific expression, and a differential expression profile between tumors and other diseases, which suggests that most of T-UCRs may have an important role in cell processes. However, there is little information about T-UCR characterization or about their molecular mechanisms of action. Taking this into account, in this study, we aim to summarize deregulated T-UCRs in human diseases, emphasizing the ones with stronger functional evidences that are associated with important cell pathways and have a detailed molecular characterization. This article is characterized under: RNA in Disease and Development > RNA in Disease Regulatory RNAs/RNAi/Riboswitches > Regulatory RNAs.

15.
Viruses ; 13(1)2020 12 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33396609

RESUMO

The global emergence of zoonotic viruses, including poxviruses, poses one of the greatest threats to human and animal health. Forty years after the eradication of smallpox, emerging zoonotic orthopoxviruses, such as monkeypox, cowpox, and vaccinia viruses continue to infect humans as well as wild and domestic animals. Currently, the geographical distribution of poxviruses in a broad range of hosts worldwide raises concerns regarding the possibility of outbreaks or viral dissemination to new geographical regions. Here, we review the global host ranges and current epidemiological understanding of zoonotic orthopoxviruses while focusing on orthopoxviruses with epidemic potential, including monkeypox, cowpox, and vaccinia viruses.


Assuntos
Especificidade de Hospedeiro , Orthopoxvirus/fisiologia , Infecções por Poxviridae/epidemiologia , Infecções por Poxviridae/virologia , /virologia , Animais , Geografia Médica , Humanos , Orthopoxvirus/classificação
16.
PLoS One ; 14(6): e0218472, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31211801

RESUMO

Hepatitis E virus genotype 3 (HEV-3) is an emerging zoonotic pathogen, responsible for sporadic cases of acute hepatitis E worldwide. Primate models have proven to be an essential tool for the study of HEV pathogenesis. Here we describe the outcomes of HEV infection in Macaca fascicularis (cynomolgus) inoculated experimentally with genotype 3. Eight adult cynomolgus macaques were inoculated intravenously with HEV-3 viral particles isolated from swine and human samples. Liver, spleen, duodenum, gallbladder and bile were sequential assessed up to the end-point of this study, 67 days post-inoculation (dpi). Our previously published findings showed that biochemical parameters return gradually to baseline levels at 55 dpi, whereas anti-HEV IgM and HEV RNA become undetectable in the serum and feces of all animals, indicating a non-viremic phase of recovery. Nevertheless, at a later stage during convalescence (67 dpi), the presence of HEV-3 RNA and antigen persist in central organs, even after peripheral viral clearance. Our results show that two cynomolgus inoculated with swine HEV-3 (animals I3 and O1) presented persistence of HEV RNA low titers in liver, gallbladder and bile. At this same stage of infection, HEV antigen (HEV Ag) could be detected in all infected animals, predominantly in non-reactive Kupffer cells (CD68+iNOS-) and sinusoidal lining cells. Simultaneously, CD4+, CD3+CD4+, and CD3+CD8+ immune cells were identified in hepatic sinusoids and small inflammatory clusters of lobular mononuclear cells, at the end-point of this study. Inability of HEV clearance in humans can result in chronic hepatitis, liver cirrhosis, with subsequent liver failure requiring transplantation. The results of our study support the persistence of HEV-3 during convalescence at 67 dpi, with active immune response in NHP. We alert to the inherent risk of viral transmission through liver transplantation, even in the absence of clinical and biochemical signs of acute infection. Thus, besides checking conventional serological markers of HEV infection, we strongly recommend HEV-3 RNA and antigen detection in liver explants as public health measure to prevent donor-recipient transmission and spread of hepatitis E.


Assuntos
Vírus da Hepatite E/genética , Hepatite E/genética , Fígado/virologia , Macaca fascicularis/virologia , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Duodeno/patologia , Duodeno/virologia , Fezes/virologia , Vesícula Biliar/patologia , Vesícula Biliar/virologia , Genótipo , Anticorpos Anti-Hepatite/genética , Anticorpos Anti-Hepatite/imunologia , Hepatite E/imunologia , Hepatite E/patologia , Hepatite E/virologia , Vírus da Hepatite E/imunologia , Vírus da Hepatite E/patogenicidade , Humanos , Fígado/patologia , Macaca fascicularis/imunologia , Tecido Parenquimatoso/patologia , Tecido Parenquimatoso/virologia , Baço/patologia , Baço/virologia , Suínos/virologia , Vírion/genética , Vírion/imunologia , Vírion/patogenicidade
17.
Acta Trop ; 192: 123-128, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30768976

RESUMO

Gymnodactylus darwinii is an endemic lizard from Atlantic Rainforest. Ecological aspects of your parasitic fauna are still unknown. Therefore, the goal of the present study was to know the composition of parasitic fauna of G. darwinii in an Atlantic Rainforest fragment, as well to test the influence of the size, sex and seasonality on parasitological indices. The study was carried out in two conservation units: Mata do Camucim and Mata do Tapacurá, both located in the municipality of São Lourenço da Mata, Pernambuco state, northeast region of Brazil. Sixty-five specimens were collected, of which 39 (569%) were parasitized by cystacanths of Acanthocephala (prevalence 43%; mean intensity 4 ± 9.9; mean abundance 3.82 ± 7.87), Geckobia sp. (Acari, Pterygosomatidae) (prevalence 30.7%; mean intensity 4 ± 15.0; mean abundance 3.74 ± 9.54), Physaloptera sp. larvae (Nematoda, Physalopteridae) (prevalence 4.6%; mean intensity 1 ± 0.47; mean abundance 0.06 ± 0.47) and Paradistomum rabusculum (Trematoda, Dicrocoeliidae) (prevalence 1.2%; mean intensity 1; mean abundance 0.02). Acanthocephalans presented a significant relation with the animal length (r² = 0.31, p = 0.006, n = 28). Infestation by Geckobia sp. was more frequent during the dry season (BLM: p = 0.001), while the infection by Acanthocephalans was frequent in dry and rainy seasons, with no significant variation (BLM: p = 0.78). In addition, the most prevalent parasites showed no significant difference in relation to sex: males and females showed similar infestation intensity by Geckobia sp. (BLM: p = 0.31) and infection by Acanthocephala (BLM: p = 0.34). This is the first study about the parasitic ecology of G. darwinii, representing a significant contribution to the conservation of this species and the ecosystem in which they inhabit.


Assuntos
Acantocéfalos/parasitologia , Biodiversidade , Lagartos/parasitologia , Ácaros/parasitologia , Nematoides/parasitologia , Floresta Úmida , Animais , Oceano Atlântico , Brasil , Ecossistema , Feminino , Masculino , Estações do Ano
18.
Clin Genet ; 95(5): 558-568, 2019 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30614523

RESUMO

Breast Cancer (BC) is the most commonly diagnosed cancer and is the leading cause of cancer deaths in women. BC is a heterogeneous disease with different clinical and genetic features. According to immunohistochemical markers, BC is subdivided into four main subtypes: luminal A, luminal B, ERBB2 positive and triple negative. Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are transcripts with more than 200 nucleotides and deregulated lncRNAs are associated with human diseases, including BC. In order to improve BC molecular classification, non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs), including lncRNAs, have been used. In this review, we focus on lncRNAs with differential expression in BC subtypes and how these RNAs may act to contribute to BC heterogeneity. We also emphasize the potential of these lncRNAs as biomarkers.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/classificação , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Estrogênios/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , Receptor ErbB-2/metabolismo
19.
Microbes Infect ; 21(3-4): 133-135, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30529325

RESUMO

Hepatitis E virus is increasingly being associated with idiopathic neurological disease. We tested 325 stool samples from Brazilian children presenting acute flaccid paralysis or Guillain-Barré syndrome using a broadly reactive and sensitive Reverse-transcription Polymerase chain reaction. Hepatitis E genome was not detected in any of the samples tested. Our results suggest that hepatitis E virus does not seem to be associated as the etiologic agent of acute flaccid paralysis and Guillain-Barré syndrome cases occurred in Brazilian children during the period of investigation (2010-2012).


Assuntos
Vírus da Hepatite E/isolamento & purificação , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso/virologia , Brasil/epidemiologia , Criança , Fezes/virologia , Síndrome de Guillain-Barré/epidemiologia , Síndrome de Guillain-Barré/virologia , Vírus da Hepatite E/genética , Humanos , Hipotonia Muscular/diagnóstico , Hipotonia Muscular/epidemiologia , Hipotonia Muscular/virologia , Resultados Negativos , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso/epidemiologia , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso/etiologia , Paralisia/epidemiologia , Paralisia/etiologia , Paralisia/virologia
20.
J Gene Med ; 21(1): e3065, 2019 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30549380

RESUMO

We review the most well characterized long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) with important roles in hallmarks of cancer, additionally including lncRNAs with a higher potential for clinical application. LncRNAs are transcripts larger than 200 nucleotides in length that do not appear to have protein-coding potential, although some of those may produce small functional peptides. These transcripts have attracted significant attention from researchers as a result of their role in genetic regulation, including epigenetic, transcriptional and post-transcriptional regulation, being involved in numerous biological processes, as well as being associated with multifactorial diseases, including tumorigenesis. The hallmarks of cancer include sustaining proliferative signaling, evading growth suppressors, resisting cell death, enabling replicative immortality, inducing angiogenesis and activating invasion/metastasis. Additionally, genome instability, inflammation, reprogramming of energy metabolism and evading immune destruction and lncRNAs are implicated in all hallmarks of cancer. Based on the great number of studies describing lncRNAs associated with diverse aspects of most tumor types, lncRNAs have essential roles in potentially all biological features of cancer cells and show great utility as diagnostic and prognostic markers, as exemplified by PCA3 lncRNA detection in prostate cancer diagnosis.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Neoplasias/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Animais , Transformação Celular Neoplásica , Metabolismo Energético , Estudos de Associação Genética , Humanos , Metástase Neoplásica , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Neoplasias/diagnóstico , Neoplasias/metabolismo , Neoplasias/terapia , Transdução de Sinais , Microambiente Tumoral
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