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1.
Health Qual Life Outcomes ; 16(1): 109, 2018 May 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29855338

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Gestation is a period that can positively or negatively influence the life of a woman in the pregnancy-puerperal cycle. Thus, evaluating the quality of life of this population can redirect the implementation of innovative practices, with the goal of making them more effective and practical or the promotion of humanized care. The present study aimed to evaluate the predictors that influence the health-related quality of life of low-risk pregnant women, as well as to describe the main areas affected in the quality of life of pregnant women. METHODS: A correlational, quantitative and cross-sectional study was carried out in two public units that provide prenatal care services and a private unit in the city of Fortaleza, a municipality in the Northeast of Brazil. The sample consisted of 261 pregnant women who were interviewed from September to November 2014. The collection instruments were a questionnaire covering sociodemographic, obstetric and quality of life variables, in addition to the Brazilian version of the Mother-Generated Index (MGI). The data were compiled and analyzed through the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) software, version 20.0. A descriptive analysis was performed through the application of Pearson's chi-square test, Fisher's exact test and one-way ANOVA. Maternal predictors for the quality of life of pregnant woman were identified through a multivariate analysis/multiple regression. RESULTS: The response rate was 100%, corresponding to 261 respondents. Occupation, parity, partner support, marital status and persons with whom the women live were the predictors that positively interfered in the quality of life of pregnant women. In contrast, gestational age, type of housing, occupation, use of illicit drugs, non-receipt of partner support and maternal age were the predictors that negatively influenced quality of life. CONCLUSION: Our results indicate that happiness to become a mother and body image were areas with the greatest positive and negative influence on health-related quality of life, which suggests being relevant aspects in the planning and implementation of actions aimed at its improvement.


Assuntos
Gestantes/psicologia , Qualidade de Vida , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Imagem Corporal/psicologia , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Felicidade , Humanos , Estado Civil , Gravidez , Cuidado Pré-Natal/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
2.
Midwifery ; 31(7): 735-41, 2015 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25935233

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: quality of life issues are central to maternal health and well-being. Within the context of a study examining postnatal quality of life, we set out to translate into Brazilian Portuguese the Mother-Generated Index and ensure its cross-cultural adaption for use in a Brazilian context. DESIGN: the Mother-Generated Index, a subjective quality of life tool, underwent a validated process of translation and cultural adaptation: synthesis of two independently translated versions, back-translation and review by an expert committee was followed by testing of the preliminary tool with 30 mothers. SETTINGS: community-based study in city in north-eastern Brazil. PARTICIPANTS: 30 postpartum mothers, interviewed approximately 30 days after birth. FINDINGS: while the mothers understood the concept of identifying and scoring quality of life aspects, many did not grasp the concept behind the use of 'spending points' to produce a relative ranking of these aspects. We resolved this by giving the mothers 'spending beans' instead; beans are a regional food staple. This use of a physical 'currency' solved the problem. DISCUSSION: this modified approach was ratified by the committee of experts and used with success on a further sample of 91 mothers. The whole process aimed to ensure semantic equivalence of the translated tool, and following this process we concluded that face validity of the Brazilian Portuguese Mother-Generated Index was good. While considerable resources are required to ensure a robust process of translation and adaptation, this is necessary if valid and reliable tools are to be produced. IMPLICATIONS: We conclude that the Mother-Generated Index is a valid tool to measure quality of life among Brazilian postpartum mothers, as it allows a simple and understandable way of assessing the various dimensions involved in their quality of life. Moreover, the Mother-Generated Index can provide healthcare professionals the opportunity to become aware of all significant aspects of a woman's life after childbirth.


Assuntos
Adaptação Psicológica , Comparação Transcultural , Mães/psicologia , Parto/psicologia , Qualidade de Vida , Inquéritos e Questionários , Brasil , Grupos Étnicos , Feminino , Humanos , Serviços de Saúde Materno-Infantil , Tocologia , Parto/etnologia , Gravidez , Traduções
3.
Rev Bras Enferm ; 66(4): 592-8, 2013.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24008715

RESUMO

The study aimed to analyze the methodological course for translation and adaptation of scales in dissertations and theses of Brazilian nursing in the field of Sexual and Reproductive Health. It is an integrative review of Brazilian dissertations and theses available in the electronic catalog of the Brazilian Nursing Association, in the period from 2000 to 2009, being identified three theses which composed the elements of the study. The three analyzed theses had Beaton et al. as a methodological reference; however, they differ in the followed path as suggested by those authors. It was noticed a prevalence of non-uniformity of the process of translation and transcultural adaptation, as well as no detailed information regarding the methodological course. The study identified the main focus of production of Brazilian nursing on the type of research methodology in the area of sexual and reproductive health, as well as compliance with the steps required to do so.


Assuntos
Dissertações Acadêmicas como Assunto , Características Culturais , Enfermagem , Saúde Reprodutiva , Traduções , Humanos
4.
J Adv Nurs ; 69(4): 970-80, 2013 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22812385

RESUMO

AIM: To examine the challenges and solutions encountered in the translation and cross-cultural adaptation of an English language quality of life tool in India, China, Iran, Portugal, Brazil, and Poland. BACKGROUND: Those embarking on research involving translation and cross-cultural adaptation must address certain practical and conceptual issues. These include instrument choice, linguistic factors, and cultural or philosophical differences, which may render an instrument inappropriate, even when expertly translated. Publication bias arises when studies encountering difficulties do not admit to these, or are not published at all. As an educative guide to the potential pitfalls involved in the cross-cultural adaptation process, this article reports the conceptual, linguistic, and methodological experiences of researchers in six countries, who translated and adapted the Mother-Generated Index, a quality of life tool originally developed in English. DATA SOURCES: Principal investigator experience from six stand-alone studies (two published) ranging from postgraduate research to citywide surveys. DISCUSSION/IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING: This analysis of a series of stand-alone cross-cultural studies provides lessons about how conceptual issues, such as the uniqueness of perceived quality of life and the experience of new motherhood, can be addressed. This original international approach highlights practical lessons relating to instrument choice, and the resources available to researchers with different levels of experience. Although researchers may be confident of effective translation, conceptual and practical difficulties may be more problematic. CONCLUSION: Instrument choice is crucial. Researchers must negotiate adequate resources for cross-cultural research, including time, translation facilities, and expert advice about conceptual issues.


Assuntos
Comparação Transcultural , Mães/psicologia , Qualidade de Vida , Feminino , Humanos
5.
Rev Bras Enferm ; 59(5): 642-6, 2006.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17340708

RESUMO

The study aimed at identifying the nursing diagnoses related to the psychological and social aspects of elderly patients undergoing cardiac catheterization, according to the Adaptation Theory of Calista Roy. It was developed in a cardiology unit in a hospital in Fortaleza, CE, from January to July, 2005. A semistructured interview was used, with 18 elderly patients, in pre-catheterization period. The analysis identified the nursing diagnoses: alteration in the maintenance of the health, anxiety fear and alteration in the family process. The nursing actions were: to create a trust climate for the aged before the exam; to listen and to respect feelings faiths and referring values to the situation; to guide the patient with relationships to the procedure. The use of this theory, allowed in recognizing that patients, by means of incentives, can unchain answers some positive times other negative times, fitting to the nurse to act as mediator


Assuntos
Adaptação Psicológica , Cateterismo Cardíaco/enfermagem , Cateterismo Cardíaco/psicologia , Modelos Psicológicos , Idoso , Humanos , Entrevistas como Assunto
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