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1.
Clin Infect Dis ; 2019 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30949690

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: 18Fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (18F-FDG-PET/CT) has emerged as a useful diagnostic tool for suspected infective endocarditis (IE) in patients with prosthetic valves or implantable devices. However, there is limited evidence regarding the use of 18F-FDG-PET/CT for the diagnosis of native valve IE (NVE). METHODS: Between 2014 and 2017, 303 episodes of left-sided suspected IE (188 prosthetic valves/ascending aortic prosthesis and 115 native valves) were studied. 18F-FDG-PET/CT accuracy was determined in the subgroups of patients with NVE and prosthetic valve endocarditis (PVE) / ascending aortic prosthesis infection (AAPI). Associations between inflammatory infiltrate patterns and 18F-FDG-PET/CT uptake were investigated in an exploratory ad hoc histological analysis. RESULTS: Among 188 patients with PVE/AAPI, the sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive values of 18F-FDG-PET/CT focal uptake were 93%, 90%, 89%, and 94%, respectively, while among 115 patients with NVE, the corresponding values were: 22%, 100%, 100%, and 66%. The inclusion of abnormal 18F-FDG cardiac uptake as a major criterion at admission enabled a re-categorization of 76% (47/62) of PVE/AAPI cases initially classified as "possible" to "definite" IE. In the histopathological analysis, a predominance of PMN inflammatory infiltrate and reduced extent of fibrosis were observed in the PVE group only. CONCLUSIONS: The addition of 18F-FDG-PET/CT at the initial presentation of patients with suspected PVE increases the diagnostic capability of the Modified Duke criteria. In patients presenting with suspected NVE, the use of 18F-FDG-PET/CT is less accurate, and could only be considered a complementary diagnostic tool for a specific population of patients with NVE.

2.
Rev Port Cardiol ; 33(11): 685-90, 2014 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25443337

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Due to the chronic inflammation associated with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), patients develop premature atherosclerosis and the disease is a risk factor for acute myocardial infarction. The best interventional treatment for acute coronary syndrome (ACS) in these patients is unclear. The objective of this study is to describe the baseline characteristics, clinical manifestations, treatment and in-hospital outcome of patients with SLE and ACS. METHODS: Eleven SLE patients with ACS were analyzed retrospectively between 2004 and 2011. The following data were obtained: age, gender, clinical and electrocardiographic characteristics, Killip class, risk factors for ACS, myocardial necrosis markers (CK-MB and troponin), creatinine clearance, left ventricular ejection fraction, inflammatory markers (C-reactive protein and erythrocyte sedimentation rate), drugs used during hospital stay, treatment (medical, percutaneous or surgical) and in-hospital outcome. The statistical analysis is presented in percentages and absolute values. RESULTS: Ten of the patients (91%) were women. The median age was 47 years. Typical precordial pain was present in 91%. Around 73% had positive erythrocyte sedimentation rate. The vessel most often affected was the anterior descending artery, in 73%. One patient underwent coronary artery bypass grafting, seven underwent percutaneous coronary intervention with bare-metal stents and three were treated medically. In-hospital mortality was 18%. CONCLUSIONS: Despite the small number of patients, our findings were similar to those in the literature, showing coronary artery disease in young people with SLE due to premature atherosclerosis and a high mortality rate.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/diagnóstico , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/terapia , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/complicações , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/complicações , Adulto , Feminino , Hospitalização , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
3.
Int J Infect Dis ; 29: 120-4, 2014 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25461241

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Early and accurate risk prediction is an unmet clinical need in patients with infective endocarditis (IE). The aim of this study was to determine the value of B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels obtained on admission for the prediction of in-hospital death in IE patients. METHODS: Between 2009 and 2011, consecutive patients with IE diagnosed using the revised Duke criteria and admitted to the emergency department were evaluated prospectively. BNP levels were measured on admission. Death during hospitalization was the primary endpoint. RESULTS: Among 104 consecutive patients with IE and with available BNP levels, 34 (32.7%) died in hospital. BNP levels were significantly higher in patients who died as compared to survivors (709.0 pg/ml vs. 177.5 pg/ml, p<0.001). The accuracy of BNP to predict death as quantified by the area under the receiver operating characteristics curve was 0.826 (95% confidence interval (CI) 0.747-0.905). The value of BNP was additive to that provided by clinical, microbiological, and echocardiography assessment. On multivariate analysis, new heart failure (hazard ratio (HR) 2.02, 95% CI 1.15-3.57, p=0.015), sepsis (HR 2.10, 95% CI 1.25-3.55, p=0.005), Staphylococcus aureus endocarditis (HR 2.67, 95% CI 1.60-4.45, p<0.001), left ventricular ejection fraction ≤55% (HR 1.63, 95% CI 1.00-2.65, p=0.047), and BNP (HR 1.04, 95% CI 1.02-1.06, p<0.001) were independent predictors of in-hospital mortality. CONCLUSION: Among patients with IE, BNP levels obtained on admission provide incremental value for early and accurate risk prediction.


Assuntos
Endocardite Bacteriana/mortalidade , Peptídeo Natriurético Encefálico/sangue , Endocardite Bacteriana/sangue , Feminino , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Curva ROC , Fatores de Risco
4.
Open Access Emerg Med ; 6: 15-21, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27147874

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To correlate underlying diseases, in autopsies of patients with pulmonary thromboembolism (PTE) to histological findings and manifestations reviewed in the medical records. METHODS: The autopsy records between 2001 and 2008 of 291 patients whose cause of death was PTE were reviewed. The following data were obtained: age, sex, clinical "in vivo" manifestations, postmortem pathological patterns, and main associated underlying diseases, cancers, and surgeries performed in the last hospitalization. The pulmonary histopathological changes were categorized as diffuse alveolar damage, pulmonary edema, alveolar hemorrhage, and lymphoid interstitial pneumonia. Odds ratios of positive relations were obtained by logistic regression and were considered significant when P<0.05. RESULTS: The median age was 64 years old. About 64% of patients presented cardiovascular illness associated with PTE. The most prevalent pulmonary finding was pulmonary edema. Only 13% of cases had clinical suspicion of PTE. Acute respiratory failure was positively related to pulmonary edema, alveolar hemorrhage, and diffuse alveolar damage as well as hemodynamic instability to alveolar hemorrhage and diffuse alveolar damage. CONCLUSION: We found important relations between clinical data and histological findings of patients with fatal PTE. A greater understanding of the pulmonary physiopathological mechanisms involved with each disease associated to PTE could improve its diagnosis and treatment.

5.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 87(2): 174-7, 2006 Aug.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16951836

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To verify if the determination of NT-proBNP values would help predict the prognosis in advanced heart failure (HF) patients. METHODS: One hundred and five subjects with average age of 52.4 years were evaluated, 66.6% of them males. Thirty-three (32.0%) subjects were outpatients and 70 (67.9%) were inpatients (functional class III/IV) admitted to the hospital for cardiac compensation. All patients had left ventricular systolic dysfunction and a mean ejection fraction of 0.29. The NT-proBNP levels were measured in all patients and they were followed-up over a period from 2 to 90 days (average 77 days). A ROC curve was drawn to determine the best cut-off point, as well as the corresponding Kaplan-Meyer survival curves. RESULTS: During the follow-up period, 22 patients died. The average NT-proBNP value of the patients who remained alive was 6,443.67+/-6,071.62 pg/ml, whereas that of those who died was 14,609.66+/-12,165.15 pg/ml (p=0.001). The ROC curve identified a cut-off point at 6,000 pg/ml with 77.3% sensitivity (area under the curve: 0.74). The survival curve for values below and above 6,000 pg/ml was significantly different (p=0.002): patients with values below 6,000 pg/ml had a 90.2% 90-day survival, and those patients with values above, a 66% survival. CONCLUSION: Patients with advanced HF, especially those admitted to the hospital for cardiac compensation, had much higher NT-proBNP values, with a two-fold increase among those who died during the follow-up period. Values above 6,000 pg/ml identify the patients most likely to die within 90 days after hospital discharge.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca/sangue , Peptídeo Natriurético Encefálico/sangue , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/sangue , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores/sangue , Brasil/epidemiologia , Métodos Epidemiológicos , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/mortalidade , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico
6.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 87(2): 178-84, 2006 Aug.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16951837

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Develop a method for the evaluation of patients nutritional status through a score that expresses universal nutritional status, as well as investigate if that score would be efficient for the prognostic stratification of advanced heart failure (HF) pts. METHODS: The score was reached by the selection of evaluation methods that would quantify nutritional status: ideal body weight percentage, thickness of tricipital skinfold, percentiles for arm muscular mass circumference, albumin serum level, lymphocyte total count. In order to be validated, the score was applied to a group of 95 pts. Pts were under 65 years old no evidence of consumptive diseases. The score was analyzed to confirm whether it would keep correlation with HF clinical data and whether it would stratify its prognostic. RESULTS: Nutritional status suggesting moderate or severe malnutrition could be observed in 31/95 (32.6%). No correlation was found between nutritional score values and the duration of symptoms, or the level of ventricular dysfunction. Pts with high nutritional score showed a trend towards higher mortality rate (p=0.0606). CONCLUSION: Those data suggest malnutrition is reported by 1/3 of pts with advanced HF. A score comprising 5 parameters for nutritional status showed good correlation with the clinical, global evaluation of pts with HF. A score over 8 identified pts with higher probability of death as outcome, confirming that pts under higher malnutrition exhibit worse evolution.


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatia Dilatada/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Desnutrição/diagnóstico , Avaliação Nutricional , Estado Nutricional , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Desnutrição/etiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Fatores de Tempo , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/fisiopatologia
7.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 86(5): 388-9, 2006 May.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16751945

RESUMO

A 65 year-old man with heart failure due to hypertensive and ischemic heart disease was admitted to the hospital with dyspnea, bloody sputum and pleuritic chest pain after a 52-hour bus trip. Clinical and laboratory evaluation included chest helical tomography that demonstrated a filling defect of the right main branch of the pulmonary artery and a regular peripheral opacity of triangular shape in the inferior lobe of the lower lung. The diagnosis of pulmonary thromboembolism was made and therapy with heparin, followed by warfarin was introduced. The patient was discharged from the hospital. The diagnosis of pulmonary embolism should be considered in patients with complaints like this patient after long-distance bus travel.


Assuntos
Embolia Pulmonar/etiologia , Viagem , Trombose Venosa/etiologia , Idoso , Humanos , Masculino , Veículos Automotores , Embolia Pulmonar/diagnóstico , Síndrome , Trombose Venosa/diagnóstico
8.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 84(6): 480-5, 2005 Jun.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16007314

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the nutritional repercussion in heart failure and its relations with left ventricular dysfunction and mortality. METHODS: A series of nutritional parameters in a group of 95 patients with advanced chronic heart failure, arising out of dilated cardiomyopathy and age < 65 years old, without concomitant diseases was studied. The duration of symptons, final diastolic diameter and left ventricular ejection fraction were verified. The nutritional assessment, included the ideal percentage of weight the triceps skin fold thickness, percentiles of circumference of muscular mass of the arm, the albumin serum levels and the lymphocytes global count. RESULTS: The nutritional situation was alterated in 45.3% to 94.7% of the patients in accordance to the assessment parameter used. There was neither correlation between the nutritional parameters and the length of symptoms, nor with the ventricular dysfunction level. That group of patients had a homogenous evolution, and 75.8% of them died in an average time of 21.86 weeks. The left ventricular diastolic diameter and ejection fraction did not allow for the prediction of survival. A diminished body mass identified a group with higher risk of death. The ideal percentage of the body mass was predictive of survival (p=0.0352), the patients with less than 80% of ideal weight had a higher relative risk of death of 1.99 (1.12-3.02) (p=0.0132). CONCLUSION: Malnutrition is frequent in patients with advanced heart failure and dilated cardiomyopathy. The reduced body mass was a better predictor of survival than the left ventricular ejection fraction in patients under advanced stage of myocardial compromising.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Avaliação Nutricional , Estado Nutricional , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/fisiopatologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Antropometria , Doença Crônica , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/etiologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/mortalidade , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Análise de Sobrevida , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/complicações , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/mortalidade
9.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 81(3): 239-8, 2003 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-14569369

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To verify whether the serum levels of N-Terminal ProBNP fraction (ProBNP) allow us to identify with accuracy the clinical functional status of patients with heart failure (HF), because the clinical diagnosis of this syndrome is based basically on clinical data when the complementary tests have lower specificity. METHODS: Sixty-nine patients with a history of HF were studied. Their mean age of was 53.5 years and 78.3% were males. All underwent clinical and echocardiographic evaluations and a test to determine the serum dosage of ProBNP. According to clinical manifestation, patients were in the following functional classes (FC), 14% FC I, 40.6% FC II, 28.1% FC III, and 23.4% FC IV. The mean ejection fraction (EF) was 0.28. RESULTS: ProBNP did not differ according to age, sex, and cause of cardiopathy. No correlation existed between EF and the ProBNP serum level. ProBNP levels were significantly lower in patients in FC I than those in FC II (42 vs 326.7 pmol/L; P=0.0001), and in FC II than those in FC III (P=0.01). ProBNP levels did not differ statically between FC III and IV patients (888.1 vs 1082.8 pmol/L; P=0.25). ProBNP values greater than 100 pmol/L identify patients with decompensated HF with a sensitivity of 98%. CONCLUSION: ProBNP values over 100 pmol/L were indicative of HF, and patients with advanced HF had values over 270 pmol/L. A ProBNP dosage test was an excellent auxiliary in the clinical characterization of patients with HF.


Assuntos
Baixo Débito Cardíaco/sangue , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/sangue , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/sangue , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores/sangue , Baixo Débito Cardíaco/diagnóstico , Ecocardiografia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Peptídeo Natriurético Encefálico
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