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Histol Histopathol ; 34(4): 353-358, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30251744


The aims of this study were to evaluate the influence (1) of the examiner experience and (2) three histological classification criteria on the reproducibility of two gold standard techniques (non-dye or dye) for validation of the diagnosis of occlusal caries. This study comprised a sample of 210 digital images of 105 permanent teeth (105 rhodamine B dyed and 105 dye-free hemisections) and six examiners. Images were evaluated on a laptop computer and categorised according to three different histological classification criteria (proposed by Ekstrand, Lussi or Downer) and repeated in order to allow reproducibility calculation. For data analysis, the six participants were divided into two groups: G1: examiners with previous experience in histological evaluation and G2: examiners with no experience in histological evaluation. Statistical significance was set at 0.05. Results: The mean intra-examiner reproducibility values in G1 were higher than G2 in all variables. Intra-examiner reproducibility was lower for the dye-free technique in both groups. The mean values of inter-examiner reproducibility in G1 ranged from 0.60 to 0.68, and in G2 values ranged from 0.34 to 0.69. Conclusion: It can be concluded that: (1) the examiners' experience seems to influence the reproducibility of the two gold standard techniques studied and reproducibility tends to be lower when the dye-free technique is used, and (2) the histological classification criterion does not appear to influence the reproducibility for validation of the diagnosis of occlusal caries.

Cárie Dentária/diagnóstico , Cárie Dentária/classificação , Corantes Fluorescentes , Humanos , Variações Dependentes do Observador , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Rodaminas
Int J Paediatr Dent ; 25(6): 393-8, 2015 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25327581


OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of a treatment for non-cavitated occlusal lesions on erupting permanent molars and to verify whether initial eruption stage and final biofilm accumulation are associated with lesions activity after the treatment. METHODS: Forty-eight patients aged from 5 to 13 years old were selected. Molars with active non-cavitated lesions on the occlusal surface were classified according to eruption stage. Patients received a treatment for 4 weeks based on oral health instructions and fluoride applications. Three weeks after the end of the treatment, 39 patients were reassessed and lesion activity status and biofilm accumulation were recorded. Odds ratios were obtained using generalized estimating equations with logistic link function. RESULTS: Partially erupted molars were more prone to remain caries-active than molars in full occlusion (E1: OR = 301.1; E2: OR = 49.0 and E3: OR = 1107.3). High biofilm accumulation was associated with the presence of active lesions. CONCLUSIONS: Biofilm accumulation and eruption stage strongly influenced the effectiveness of a treatment for dental caries.

Fluoreto de Fosfato Acidulado/uso terapêutico , Biofilmes/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Cárie Dentária/terapia , Dente Molar/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Erupção Dentária/fisiologia , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Protocolos Clínicos , Cárie Dentária/microbiologia , Oclusão Dentária , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Escovação Dentária
J Dent Educ ; 77(8): 1086-91, 2013 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23929579


This study aimed to evaluate the effect of an e-learning program on the validity and reproducibility of the International Caries Detection and Assessment System (ICDAS) in detecting occlusal caries. For the study, 170 permanent molars were selected. Four dentists in Switzerland who had no previous contact with ICDAS examined the teeth before and after the e-learning program and scored the sites according to ICDAS. Teeth were histologically prepared and assessed for caries extension. The significance level was set at 0.05. Sensitivity before and after the e-learning program was 0.80 and 0.77 (D1), 0.72 and 0.63 (D2), and 0.74 and 0.67 (D3,4), respectively. Specificity was 0.64 and 0.69 (D1), 0.70 and 0.81 (D2), and 0.81 and 0.87 (D3,4). A McNemar test did not show any difference between the values of sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, and area under the ROC curve (AUC) before and after the e-learning program. The averages of wK values for interexaminer reproducibility were 0.61 (before) and 0.66 (after). Correlation with histology presented wK values of 0.62 (before) and 0.63 (after). A Wilcoxon test showed a statistically significant difference between before and after the e-learning program. In conclusion, even though ICDAS performed well in detecting occlusal caries, the e-learning program did not have any statistically significant effect on its performance by these experienced dentists.

Competência Clínica , Instrução por Computador , Cárie Dentária/diagnóstico , Odontólogos , Internet , Coroa do Dente/patologia , Área Sob a Curva , Codificação Clínica , Árvores de Decisões , Cárie Dentária/patologia , Esmalte Dentário/patologia , Dentina/patologia , Avaliação Educacional , Humanos , Dente Molar/patologia , Dente Serotino/patologia , Variações Dependentes do Observador , Curva ROC , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Suíça