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1.
Dent Traumatol ; 37(2): 282-293, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33184933

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Knowledge about the spatial density of the domiciles of dental trauma victims can assist in the identification of the most vulnerable areas and contribute to the planning of prevention, promotion, control, and treatment actions, focusing on the most affected areas. The aim of this study was to analyze the spatial density of domiciles of 14-year-old adolescent victims of dental trauma, in the city of Diamantina, Brazil, after a two-year follow-up period. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This longitudinal study was carried out with 584 adolescents between 2013 and 2015. Dental trauma, overjet, and lip protection were assessed by two trained and calibrated examiners (K > 0.70). Information about binge drinking was collected among the adolescents through the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test and sociodemographic indicators were obtained through a questionnaire answered by the caregivers of the adolescents. Spatial analyses were performed to evaluate the spatial density of adolescents with dental trauma and the independent variables of interest according to the domicile using Ripley's K function and the Kernel Map. RESULTS: Ripley's K function revealed spatial aggregation of the domiciles of adolescent victims of dental trauma in relation to males, binge drinking and overjet, with a confidence interval of 95%. The higher density of domiciles with adolescents with two or more traumatized teeth was found in the north-east region of the city. Boys were the most affected, their homes were located in the north, north-west, and south-east regions at baseline and follow-up. The largest density of domiciles of adolescents with overjet greater than 5 mm and inadequate lip protection was in the north-east region. Similar spatial distribution was identified for binge drinking for both years. CONCLUSION: The majority of adolescents with dental trauma lived in the north-east and south-east regions, characterized by high population density and greater social vulnerability.


Assuntos
Alcoolismo , Sobremordida , Traumatismos Dentários , Adolescente , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Prevalência , Traumatismos Dentários/epidemiologia
2.
Qual Life Res ; 27(10): 2477-2489, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29797177

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this systematic review was to assess the impact of third molar removal on patient's quality of life. METHODS: To address the study purpose, investigators designed and implemented a systematic review. The primary outcome variable was the quality of life after third molar extraction. An electronic search was conducted through March, 2017, on the PUBMED, Virtual Health Library (VHL), Web of Science, and OVID, to identify relevant literatures. Research studies (randomized or non-randomized clinical trials) were included that evaluated the quality of life in individuals before and after third molar extraction, using validated measures of oral health-related quality of life with quantitative approach, besides procedures performed under local anesthesia. The R software was used to measure the mean difference on the quality of life between the preoperative period and follow-up days. RESULTS: A total of 1141 studies were identified. Of this total, 13 articles were selected in the present systematic review, of which six studies were included in the meta-analysis. All of these 13 articles used the OHIP-14, and 4 of this 13 used OHQoLUK-16 to evaluate the quality of life. Regarding quality assessment, four of the 13 included studies in this review received a maximum score of 9 points, according to the Newcastle-Ottawa (NOS). The OHIP-14 mean score on the first postoperative day was 17.57 (95% CI 11.84-23.30, I2 = 96%) higher than the preoperative period. On the seventh postoperative day, the quality of life assessed by OHIP-14 got worse again. CONCLUSION: This systematic review revealed that the highest negative impact on quality of life of individuals submitted to third molar surgery was observed on the first postoperative day, decreasing over the follow-up period.


Assuntos
Dente Serotino/cirurgia , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Extração Dentária/métodos , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Adulto Jovem
3.
PLoS One ; 12(6): e0178652, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28575029

RESUMO

Adolescence is characterized by heightened susceptibility to peer influence, which makes adolescents vulnerable to initiating or maintaining risky habits such as heavy drinking. The aim of the study was to investigate the association of social capital with longitudinal changes in the frequency of binge drinking among adolescents at public and private high schools in the city of Diamantina, Brazil. This longitudinal study used two waves of data collected when the adolescents were 12 and 13 years old. At the baseline assessment in 2013 a classroom survey was carried out with a representative sample of 588 students. In 2014, a follow-up survey was carried out with the same adolescents when they were aged 13 years. The Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test-C (AUDIT C) was employed for the evaluation of alcohol intake. Our predictor variables included sociodemographic and economic characteristics (gender, type of school, mother's education, family income) and Social Capital. For evaluation of social capital, we used the Social Capital Questionnaire for Adolescent Students (SCQ-AS). Descriptive and bivariate analyzes were performed (p <0.05). The log-binomial model was used to calculate prevalence ratios (PR) and 95% confidence intervals. The two-tailed p value was set at <0.05. The prevalence of binge drinking in 2013 was 23.1% and in 2014 the prevalence had risen to 30.1%. Gender (PR 1.48; 95% CI 0.87-2.52) and socioeconomic status (type of school and mother's education) were not associated with the increase in the frequency of binge drinking. However, higher social capital was significantly associated with an increase in binge drinking by students. Adolescents who reported that they had an increase in social cohesion in the community/neighborhood subscale were 3.4 times more likely (95%CI 1.96-6.10) to binge drink themselves. Our results provide new evidence about the "dark side" of social cohesion in promoting binge drinking among adolescents.


Assuntos
Consumo Excessivo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/psicologia , Infuência dos Pares , Psicologia do Adolescente , Capital Social , Adolescente , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/epidemiologia , Consumo Excessivo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/epidemiologia , Brasil , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Prevalência , Psicologia da Criança , Inquéritos e Questionários
4.
Cien Saude Colet ; 20(4): 1225-33, 2015 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25923633

RESUMO

The scope of this study was to determine the prevalence of trauma in the permanent dentition of 12-year-old schoolchildren and assess associations with demographic factors such as gender and socioeconomic status and overjet and lip coverage clinical factors. A cross-sectional analysis was conducted using a representative sample of 638 students. Data were gathered by means of clinical examinations and self-administered questionnaires. Descriptive analysis was performed, followed by the use of the chi-square test and Poisson logistic regression model for the determination of significant associations. The prevalence of traumatic dental injury was 34.9%. Falls constituted the main etiological factor (49.7%), and occurred in the home (48.2%). The results of the Poisson regression analysis revealed that accentuated overjet (> 5 mm) remained associated with traumatic dental injury irrespective of the other variables [PR = 1.50 (95% CI: 1.41 to 1.61); p = 0.003]. Moreover, a statistically significant association was found between accentuated overjet and dental trauma. No significant associations were found between TDI and socioeconomic status. These findings highlight the need for prevention strategies and orthodontic correction at the onset of the permanent dentition.


Assuntos
Traumatismos Dentários/epidemiologia , Brasil/epidemiologia , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Classe Social
5.
PLoS One ; 10(2): e0118484, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25719561

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Traumatic dental injury is defined as trauma caused by forces on a tooth with variable extent and severity. The aim of the present study was to investigate the prevalence of traumatic dental injury and its association with overjet, lip protection, sex, socioeconomic status, social capital and binge drinking among 12-year-old students. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHOD: A cross-sectional study was conducted with a sample of 633 12-year-old students. Data were collected through a clinical exam and self-administered questionnaires. Socioeconomic status was determined based on mother's schooling and household income. The Social Capital Questionnaire for Adolescent Students and Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT-C) were used to measure social capital and binge drinking, respectively. RESULTS: The prevalence of traumatic dental injury was 29.9% (176/588). Traumatic dental injury was more prevalent among male adolescents (p = 0.010), those with overjet greater than 5 mm (p < 0.001) and those with inadequate lip protection (p < 0.001). In the multiple logistic regression analysis, overjet [OR = 3.80 (95% CI: 2.235-6.466), p < 0.0001], inadequate lip protection [OR = 5.585 (95% CI: 3.654-8.535), p < 0.0001] and binge drinking [OR = 1.93 (95% CI: 1.21-3.06), p = 0.005] remained significantly associated with traumatic dental injury. CONCLUSIONS: The present findings suggest that a high level of total social capital and trust are not associated with TDI in adolescents, unlike binge drinking. The effects of social and behavioral factors on TDI are not well elucidated. Therefore, further research involving other populations and a longitudinal design is recommended.


Assuntos
Consumo Excessivo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/epidemiologia , Sobremordida/epidemiologia , Capital Social , Traumatismos Dentários/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Estudantes/estatística & dados numéricos
6.
PLoS One ; 9(8): e103785, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25093409

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Social capital has been studied due to its contextual influence on health. However, no specific assessment tool has been developed and validated for the measurement of social capital among 12-year-old adolescent students. The aim of the present study was to develop and validate a quick, simple assessment tool to measure social capital among adolescent students. METHODS: A questionnaire was developed based on a review of relevant literature. For such, searches were made of the Scientific Electronic Library Online, Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences, The Cochrane Library, ISI Web of Knowledge, International Database for Medical Literature and PubMed Central bibliographical databases from September 2011 to January 2014 for papers addressing assessment tools for the evaluation of social capital. Focus groups were also formed by adolescent students as well as health, educational and social professionals. The final assessment tool was administered to a convenience sample from two public schools (79 students) and one private school (22 students), comprising a final sample of 101 students. Reliability and internal consistency were evaluated using the Kappa coefficient and Cronbach's alpha coefficient, respectively. Content validity was determined by expert consensus as well as exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis. RESULTS: The final version of the questionnaire was made up of 12 items. The total scale demonstrated very good internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha: 0.71). Reproducibility was also very good, as the Kappa coefficient was higher than 0.72 for the majority of items (range: 0.63 to 0.97). Factor analysis grouped the 12 items into four subscales: School Social Cohesion, School Friendships, Neighborhood Social Cohesion and Trust (school and neighborhood). CONCLUSIONS: The present findings indicate the validity and reliability of the Social Capital Questionnaire for Adolescent Students.


Assuntos
Capital Social , Estudantes , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adolescente , Desenvolvimento do Adolescente , Adulto , Brasil , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Grupos Focais , Humanos , Masculino , Psicometria/métodos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudantes/psicologia
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