Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 277
Filtrar
1.
JCO Clin Cancer Inform ; 4: 436-443, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32392098

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The TNM classification system is used for prognosis, treatment, and research. Regular updates potentially break backward compatibility. Reclassification is not always possible, is labor intensive, or requires additional data. We developed a Bayesian network (BN) for reclassifying the 5th, 6th, and 7th editions of the TNM and predicting survival for non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) without training data with known classifications in multiple editions. METHODS: Data were obtained from the Netherlands Cancer Registry (n = 146,084). A BN was designed with nodes for TNM edition and survival, and a group of nodes was designed for all TNM editions, with a group for edition 7 only. Before learning conditional probabilities, priors for relations between the groups were manually specified after analysis of changes between editions. For performance evaluation only, part of the 7th edition test data were manually reclassified. Performance was evaluated using sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy. Two-year survival was evaluated with the receiver operating characteristic area under the curve (AUC), and model calibration was visualized. RESULTS: Manual reclassification of 7th to 6th edition stage group as ground truth for testing was impossible in 5.6% of the patients. Predicting 6th edition stage grouping using 7th edition data and vice versa resulted in average accuracies, sensitivities, and specificities between 0.85 and 0.99. The AUC for 2-year survival was 0.81. CONCLUSION: We have successfully created a BN for reclassifying TNM stage grouping across TNM editions and predicting survival in NSCLC without knowing the true TNM classification in various editions in the training set. We suggest binary prediction of survival is less relevant than predicted probability and model calibration. For research, probabilities can be used for weighted reclassification.

2.
Ann Surg Oncol ; 2020 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32390098

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The goal of mastectomy is remove all of the glandular breast tissue (BGT) without compromising skin flaps viability. The purpose of this systematic review was to localize and/or estimate the amount of residual BGT (rBGT) after mastectomy and to identify factors that could be related to rBGT and/or residual disease. METHODS: We conducted a PubMed search. The report was subdivided according to the method used to evaluate the presence of rBGT. A total of 16 publications were included in our final report. Two main methods for identifying rBGT included imaging (i.e., MRI scan) and histological evaluation at the time of mastectomy. RESULTS: The rate of rBGT was reported in up to 100% of the patients and was found to be associated mainly with the type of surgical resection, indication, and surgeon's expertise. Residual breast tissue can be found in all areas of the remaining chest wall, mostly in the skin-flaps, and more frequently underneath the nipple-areola complex.

3.
Radiother Oncol ; 2020 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32447035

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In limited disease small cell lung cancer (LD-SCLC), the CONVERT trial has not demonstrated superiority of once-daily (QD) radiotherapy (66 Gy) over twice-daily (BID) radiotherapy (45 Gy). We explored the factors influencing the selection between QD and BID regimens. METHODS: Thirteen experienced European thoracic radiation oncologists as selected by the European Society for Therapeutic Radiation Oncology (ESTRO) were asked to describe their strategies in the management of LD-SCLC. Treatment strategies were subsequently converted into decision trees and analysed for agreement and discrepancies. RESULTS: Logistic reasons, patients performance status and radiotherapy dose constraints were the three major decision criteria used by most experts in decision making. The use of QD and BID regimens was balanced among European experts, but there was a trend towards the BID regimen for fit patients able to travel twice a day to the radiotherapy site. CONCLUSION: BID and QD radiotherapy are both accepted regimens among experts and the decision is influenced by pragmatic factors such as availability of transportation.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32448904

RESUMO

The European Respiratory Society (ERS)/European Society of Thoracic Surgeons (ESTS)/European Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery (EACTS)/European Society for Radiotherapy and Oncology (ESTRO) task force brought together experts to update previous 2009 ERS/ESTS guidelines on management of malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM), a rare cancer with globally poor outcome, after a systematic review of the 2009-2018 literature. The evidence was appraised using the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluation approach. The evidence syntheses were discussed and recommendations formulated by this multidisciplinary group of experts. Diagnosis: pleural biopsies remain the gold standard to confirm the diagnosis, usually obtained by thoracoscopy but occasionally via image-guided percutaneous needle biopsy in cases of pleural symphysis or poor performance status. Pathology: standard staining procedures are insufficient in ∼10% of cases, justifying the use of specific markers, including BAP-1 and CDKN2A (p16) for the separation of atypical mesothelial proliferation from MPM. Staging: in the absence of a uniform, robust and validated staging system, we advise using the most recent 2016 8th TNM (tumour, node, metastasis) classification, with an algorithm for pretherapeutic assessment. Monitoring: patient's performance status, histological subtype and tumour volume are the main prognostic factors of clinical importance in routine MPM management. Other potential parameters should be recorded at baseline and reported in clinical trials. Treatment: (chemo)therapy has limited efficacy in MPM patients and only selected patients are candidates for radical surgery. New promising targeted therapies, immunotherapies and strategies have been reviewed. Because of limited data on the best combination treatment, we emphasize that patients who are considered candidates for a multimodal approach, including radical surgery, should be treated as part of clinical trials in MPM-dedicated centres.

5.
Eur Respir J ; 2020 May 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32451346

RESUMO

The European Respiratory Society (ERS)/European Society of Thoracic Surgeons (ESTS)/European Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery (EACTS)/European Society for Radiotherapy and Oncology (ESTRO) task force brought together experts to update previous 2009 ERS/ESTS guidelines on management of malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM), a rare cancer with globally poor outcome, after a systematic review of the 2009-2018 literature. The evidence was appraised using the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluation approach. The evidence syntheses were discussed and recommendations formulated by this multidisciplinary group of experts. Diagnosis: pleural biopsies remain the gold standard to confirm the diagnosis, usually obtained by thoracoscopy but occasionally via image-guided percutaneous needle biopsy in cases of pleural symphysis or poor performance status. Pathology: standard staining procedures are insufficient in ∼10% of cases, justifying the use of specific markers, including BAP-1 and CDKN2A (p16) for the separation of atypical mesothelial proliferation from MPM. Staging: in the absence of a uniform, robust and validated staging system, we advise using the most recent 2016 8th TNM (tumour, node, metastasis) classification, with an algorithm for pre-therapeutic assessment. Monitoring: patient's performance status, histological subtype and tumour volume are the main prognostic factors of clinical importance in routine MPM management. Other potential parameters should be recorded at baseline and reported in clinical trials. Treatment: (chemo)therapy has limited efficacy in MPM patients and only selected patients are candidates for radical surgery. New promising targeted therapies, immunotherapies and strategies have been reviewed. Because of limited data on the best combination treatment, we emphasise that patients who are considered candidates for a multimodal approach, including radical surgery, should be treated as part of clinical trials in MPM-dedicated centres.

7.
Radiother Oncol ; 2020 Apr 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32342863

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The COVID-19 pandemic has caused radiotherapy resource pressures and led to increased risks for lung cancer patients and healthcare staff. An international group of experts in lung cancer radiotherapy established this practice recommendation pertaining to whether and how to adapt radiotherapy for lung cancer in the COVID-19 pandemic. METHODS: For this ESTRO & ASTRO endorsed project, 32 experts in lung cancer radiotherapy contributed to a modified Delphi consensus process. We assessed potential adaptations of radiotherapy in two pandemic scenarios. The first, an early pandemic scenario of risk mitigation, is characterized by an altered risk-benefit ratio of radiotherapy for lung cancer patients due to their increased susceptibility for severe COVID-19 infection, and minimization of patient travelling and exposure of radiotherapy staff. The second, a later pandemic scenario, is characterized by reduced radiotherapy resources requiring patient triage. Six common lung cancer cases were assessed for both scenarios: peripherally located stage I NSCLC, locally advanced NSCLC, postoperative radiotherapy after resection of pN2 NSCLC, thoracic radiotherapy and prophylactic cranial irradiation for limited stage SCLC and palliative thoracic radiotherapy for stage IV NSCLC. RESULTS: In a risk-mitigation pandemic scenario, efforts should be made not to compromise the prognosis of lung cancer patients by departing from guideline-recommended radiotherapy practice. In that same scenario, postponement or interruption of radiotherapy treatment of COVID-19 positive patients is generally recommended to avoid exposure of cancer patients and staff to an increased risk of COVID-19 infection. In a severe pandemic scenario characterized by reduced resources, if patients must be triaged, important factors for triage include potential for cure, relative benefit of radiation, life expectancy, and performance status. Case-specific consensus recommendations regarding multimodality treatment strategies and fractionation of radiotherapy are provided. CONCLUSION: This joint ESTRO-ASTRO practice recommendation established pragmatic and balanced consensus recommendations in common clinical scenarios of radiotherapy for lung cancer in order to address the challenges of the COVID-19 pandemic.

9.
J Cachexia Sarcopenia Muscle ; 11(2): 424-431, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32045108

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Assessment of handgrip strength and fat-free mass provides quick and objective information on muscle performance and mass that might complement subjective World Health Organization Performance Status (WHO PS). We investigated to what extent the presence of pre-treatment handgrip weakness and low fat-free mass index (FFMI) provides additional prognostic information on top of well-established prognostic factors (including WHO PS) in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients selected for curative-intent (chemo)radiation. METHODS: Prospectively, patients with early and locally advanced NSCLC (stages I-III) treated with (chemo)radiation were enrolled. Handgrip weakness and low FFMI, derived from bioelectrical impedance analysis, were defined using normative values and were correlated with overall survival (OS). RESULTS: We included 936 patients (age 68 ± 10 years; 64% male; 19% stage I, 9% stage II, and 72% stage III disease; 26% handgrip weakness; 27% low FFMI). In patients with good performance status (WHO PS 0 or 1), handgrip weakness and low FFMI were significant prognostic factors for OS, after adjustment for age, gender, disease stage, and co-morbidities. The combined presence of handgrip weakness and low FFMI was a strong prognostic factor for OS when compared with patients with normal handgrip strength and FFMI (hazard ratio: 1.79, 95% confidence interval: 1.34-2.40, P < 0.0001). In patients with impaired performance status (WHO PS ≥ 2, 19% of sample), handgrip weakness and low FFMI were not related to OS. CONCLUSIONS: In early and locally advanced NSCLC patients treated with curative-intent (chemo)radiation who have good WHO PS, patients with combined handgrip weakness and low FFMI have the worst prognosis.

10.
Br J Radiol ; 93(1107): 20190879, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31804145

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Locally recurrent disease is of increasing concern in (non-)small cell lung cancer [(N)SCLC] patients. Local reirradiation with photons or particles may be of benefit to these patients. In this multicentre in silico trial performed within the Radiation Oncology Collaborative Comparison (ROCOCO) consortium, the doses to the target volumes and organs at risk (OARs) were compared when using several photon and proton techniques in patients with recurrent localised lung cancer scheduled to undergo reirradiation. METHODS: 24 consecutive patients with a second primary (N)SCLC or recurrent disease after curative-intent, standard fractionated radio(chemo)therapy were included in this study. The target volumes and OARs were centrally contoured and distributed to the participating ROCOCO sites. Remaining doses to the OARs were calculated on an individual patient's basis. Treatment planning was performed by the participating site using the clinical treatment planning system and associated beam characteristics. RESULTS: Treatment plans for all modalities (five photon and two proton plans per patient) were available for 22 patients (N = 154 plans). 3D-conformal photon therapy and double-scattered proton therapy delivered significantly lower doses to the target volumes. The highly conformal techniques, i.e., intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT), volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT), CyberKnife, TomoTherapy and intensity-modulated proton therapy (IMPT), reached the highest doses in the target volumes. Of these, IMPT was able to statistically significantly decrease the radiation doses to the OARs. CONCLUSION: Highly conformal photon and proton beam techniques enable high-dose reirradiation of the target volume. They, however, significantly differ in the dose deposited in the OARs. The therapeutic options, i.e., reirradiation or systemic therapy, need to be carefully weighed and discussed with the patients. ADVANCES IN KNOWLEDGE: Highly conformal photon and proton beam techniques enable high-dose reirradiation of the target volume. In light of the abilities of the various highly conformal techniques to spare specific OARs, the therapeutic options need to be carefully weighed and patients included in the decision-making process.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/radioterapia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/radioterapia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/radioterapia , Órgãos em Risco/efeitos da radiação , Fótons/uso terapêutico , Terapia com Prótons/métodos , Reirradiação/métodos , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/diagnóstico por imagem , Conjuntos de Dados como Assunto , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico por imagem , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/diagnóstico por imagem , Órgãos em Risco/diagnóstico por imagem , Dosagem Radioterapêutica , Planejamento da Radioterapia Assistida por Computador/métodos , Radioterapia Conformacional/métodos , Radioterapia de Intensidade Modulada/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Acta Oncol ; 59(2): 201-207, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31549562

RESUMO

Background: Selective avoidance aims at sparing functional lung regions. Here, we preferentially direct radiation to irreversibly nonfunctional lung areas based on planning CT imaging to reduce functional lung damage.Materials and methods: For 12 stage I-IV NSCLC patients, 5 lung substructures were segmented on the planning CT, combining voxels <-900HU, -900HU to -801HU, -800HU to -701HU, -700HU to -601HU and ≥-600HU (Level 1 to 5). Two VMAT plans were optimized: a reference plan blinded from substructures and a selective avoidance plan (AV) imposing gradually stricter constraints on Level 1-5, based on previously validated associations between lung subvolume baseline density and density increase (ΔHU) after treatment. Characteristics of treatment plans were evaluated, including subvolumes, dose, and predicted ΔHU (with reported 95% CI reflecting prediction model uncertainty).Results: Segmented substructures were on average 477 cc, 1157 cc, 484 cc, 69 cc, and 123 cc (Level 1-5). AV plans could spare Level 3-5, e.g., mean dose decrease of 3.5 Gy (range 0.6 Gy; 6.0 Gy) for Level 5, p<.001. This significantly reduced the average lung mass with predicted ΔHU>20HU by 12.5 g (95% CI: 5.4-16.9) and 27.1 g (95% CI: 10.2-32.9) for a median and upper 10th percentile patient susceptibility for damage simulation, respectively.Conclusions: Lung damage avoidance based on CT density is feasible and easy to implement. A biomarker providing a reliable selection of patients with high susceptibility for lung damage will be crucial to show the clinical relevance of this avoidance planning strategy.

12.
Radiother Oncol ; 145: 45-48, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31887577

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The role of prophylactic cranial irradiation (PCI) and thoracic radiotherapy (TRT) is unclear in resected small cell lung cancer (SCLC). METHODS: Thirteen European radiotherapy experts on SCLC were asked to describe their strategies on PCI and TRT for patients with resected SCLC. The treatment strategies were converted into decision trees and analyzed for consensus and discrepancies. RESULTS: For patients with resected SCLC and positive lymph nodes most experts recommend prophylactic cranial irradiation and thoracic radiotherapy. For elderly patients with resected node negative SCLC, most experts do not recommend thoracic radiotherapy or prophylactic cranial irradiation. CONCLUSION: PCI and TRT are considered in patients with resected SCLC and these treatments should be discussed with the patient in the context of shared decision-making.

14.
Ann Transl Med ; 7(20): 590, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31807571

RESUMO

Patients with N3 non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) have unresectable tumors. Although significant progress has been made in the past decades for such tumors, the average median survival time remains at 10 months. Equally dismal long-term survival rates were reported with the average 5-year-suvival rate at 9%. Here, we report on a case of a patient with locally advanced disease that was treated with conversion therapy using targeted anti-PD-1 immunotherapy with platinum-based chemotherapy. Following this therapeutic regimen, the tumor showed a reversion to pN0 from pN3 and the patient showed a progression free survival time of at least 33 months.

15.
Transl Lung Cancer Res ; 8(Suppl 2): S184-S191, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31673523

RESUMO

There is growing interest in exploring use of local therapies in the management of oligometastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) to provide durable local and distant disease control. Prospective phase II studies have incorporated local therapy (predominantly stereotactic ablative radiotherapy or SABR) to both primary and metastatic sites. For patients who received these treatments, median progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) exceeded that of historical controls treated with systemic therapy alone (9.7-23.5 and 13.5-41.2 months, respectively). Additionally, three trials randomized oligometastatic NSCLC patients to standard of care systemic therapy regimens vs. local consolidative therapy (LCT) plus standard of care systemic therapy (or observation) and all demonstrated a significant improvement in PFS, with two showing OS benefits to date. Notably, a majority of these trials selected patients with at least stable disease after completion of systemic therapy for local therapy and defined the oligometastatic state as one with no more than five metastatic sites spread across three organs. For patients with oligometastatic NSCLC, there are many important factors that should drive use and timing of local therapy, including metastatic presentation sequence (synchronous vs. metachronous), extent of disease (number and distribution of sites), and quality of life goals. The referenced clinical trials accrued patients prior to the approval of immunotherapy for metastatic NSCLC, so the benefits of any local therapy in this setting remain uncertain. To ultimately clarify the role of local therapy in oligometastatic NSCLC in the era of improving systemic therapy efficacy (i.e., immunotherapy and targeted therapy combinations with cytotoxics), we recommend enrollment in in phase III studies with OS endpoints (i.e., NRG LU 002 and SARON) whenever possible. These and other important issues associated with local therapy for oligometastatic NSCLC are reviewed in this paper.

16.
Eur J Cancer ; 123: 28-35, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31655358

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Synchronous oligometastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) definition varies from 1 metastasis in 1 organ (tumour-node-metastasis 8 [TNM8]), 1-3 metastases (European Society for Medical Oncology [ESMO]), ≤3 metastases (including mediastinal nodes [MLN]) after systemic treatment to 3-5 metastases in ongoing trials. A single definition is however needed to design/compare trials. To assess oligometastatic NSCLC definitions used by clinical experts in daily practice and its evolution, we redistributed a 2012 case-based survey (Dooms, the World Congress of Lung Cancer 2013). METHODS: In December 2017, 10 real-life multidisciplinary team (MDT) discussed patients (good condition, no significant comorbidities, 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/brain magnetic resonance imaging staged, all < 5 metastases, 9/10 ≤ 3 metastases, oncogene-addicted or wild-type) were distributed to 33 international NSCLC experts involved in the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer oligometastatic NSCLC consensus group, questioning is this oligometastatic disease and if oligometastatic, which treatment proposal. The answers provided in 2017 were compared with the 2012 answers; real-life treatment and survival of the patients was added. RESULTS: Twenty-six of 33 experts (24 centres) replied: 8 medical oncologists, 7 pulmonologists, 7 radiation oncologists, 4 thoracic surgeons. Sixty-two percent of respondents discussed the cases with their MDT. One case had 100% oligometastatic consensus, and 3 cases had >90% consensus; the number of treatment proposals varied between 3 and 8. Radical treatment was more often offered in case of single metastasis or N0. Compared with 2012, there was a trend towards a more conservative oligometastatic definition and chemotherapy was more frequently included in the treatment proposal. CONCLUSIONS: Oligometastatic NSCLC definition was conservative. The number of organs, MLN status and radical treatment possibility seem to be components of daily practice oligometastatic definition.

17.
Radiother Oncol ; 2019 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31547943

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: A higher radiation dose to the heart is known to be associated with increased mortality in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients. It is however unknown what the contribution of the heart dose is when other risk factors for mortality are also accounted for. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We constructed and externally validated prediction models of mortality after definitive chemoradiotherapy for NSCLC. Models were developed in 145 stage I-IIIB NSCLC patients. Clinical (performance status, age, gross tumour volume (GTV) combining primary tumour and involved lymph nodes, current smoker) and dosimetric (mean lung (MLD) and heart (MHD) dose) variables were considered. Multivariable logistic regression models predicting 12 and 24 month mortality were built in 5-fold cross-validation. Discrimination and calibration was assessed in 3 external validation datasets containing 878 (via distributed learning), 127 and 96 NSCLC patients. RESULTS: The best discriminating prediction models combined GTV, smoker and/or MHD: bootstrapping AUC (95% CI) of 0.74 (0.66-0.78) and 0.69 (0.55-0.74) at 12 and 24 months. At external validation, the 24 month mortality GTV-smoker-MHD model robustly showed moderate discrimination (AUC = 0.61-0.64 before and 0.64-0.65 after model update) with limited 0.01-0.07 improvement over a GTV-only model, and calibration slope (0.64-0.65). This model can identify patients for whom a MHD reduction may be useful (e.g. PPV = 77%, NPV = 52% (60% cut-off)). CONCLUSIONS: Tumour volume is strongly related to mortality risk in the first 2 years after chemoradiotherapy for NSCLC. Modelling indicates that efforts to reduce cardiac dose may be relevant for small tumours and that smoking has an important negative association with survival.

18.
Front Oncol ; 9: 877, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31555602

RESUMO

Radiation pneumonitis (RP) and radiation fibrosis (RF) are two dose-limiting toxicities of radiotherapy (RT), especially for lung, and esophageal cancer. It occurs in 5-20% of patients and limits the maximum dose that can be delivered, reducing tumor control probability (TCP) and may lead to dyspnea, lung fibrosis, and impaired quality of life. Both physical and biological factors determine the normal tissue complication probability (NTCP) by Radiotherapy. A better understanding of the pathophysiological sequence of radiation-induced lung injury (RILI) and the intrinsic, environmental and treatment-related factors may aid in the prevention, and better management of radiation-induced lung damage. In this review, we summarize our current understanding of the pathological and molecular consequences of lung exposure to ionizing radiation, and pharmaceutical interventions that may be beneficial in the prevention or curtailment of RILI, and therefore enable a more durable therapeutic tumor response.

19.
J Thorac Oncol ; 14(12): 2109-2119, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31398540

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Improved outcome has been shown in patients with synchronous oligometastatic (sOM) NSCLC when treated with radical intent. As a uniform definition of sOM NSCLC is lacking, we developed a definition and diagnostic criteria by a consensus process. METHODS: A pan-European multidisciplinary consensus group was established. Consensus questions were built on the basis of current controversies, and definitions were extracted from a survey, cases and a systematic review. This statement was formulated during a consensus meeting. RESULTS: It was determined that definition of sOM NSCLC is relevant when a radical treatment that may modify the disease course (leading to long-term disease control) is technically feasible for all tumor sites with acceptable toxicity. On the basis of the review, a maximum of five metastases and three organs was proposed. Mediastinal lymph node involvement was not counted as a metastatic site. Fludeoxyglucose F 18 positron emission tomography-computed tomography and brain imaging were considered mandatory. A dedicated liver magnetic resonance imaging scan was advised for a solitary liver metastasis, and thoracoscopy and biopsies of distant ipsilateral pleural sites were recommended for a solitary pleural metastasis. For mediastinal staging, fludeoxyglucose F 18 positron emission tomography-computed tomography was deemed the minimum requirement, with pathological confirmation recommended if this influences the treatment strategy. Biopsy of a solitary metastatic location was mandated unless the multidisciplinary team is of the opinion that the risks outweigh the benefits. CONCLUSION: A multidisciplinary consensus statement on the definition and staging of sOM NSCLC has been formulated. This statement will help to standardize inclusion criteria in future clinical trials.

20.
Acta Oncol ; 58(9): 1275-1282, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31257960

RESUMO

Introduction: Stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) is a promising treatment option for patients with multiple brain metastases (BM). Recent technical advances have made LINAC based SRS a patient friendly technique, allowing for accurate patient positioning and a short treatment time. Since SRS is increasingly being used for patients with multiple BM, it remains essential that SRS be performed with the highest achievable quality in order to prevent unnecessary complications such as radionecrosis. The purpose of this article is to provide guidance for high-quality LINAC based SRS for patients with BM, with a focus on single isocenter non-coplanar volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT). Methods: The article is based on a consensus statement by the study coordinators and medical physicists of four trials which investigated whether patients with multiple BM are better palliated with SRS instead of whole brain radiotherapy (WBRT): A European trial (NCT02353000), two American trials and a Canadian CCTG lead intergroup trial (CE.7). This manuscript summarizes the quality assurance measures concerning imaging, planning and delivery. Results: To optimize the treatment, the interval between the planning-MRI (gadolinium contrast-enhanced, maximum slice thickness of 1.5 mm) and treatment should be kept as short as possible (< two weeks). The BM are contoured based on the planning-MRI, fused with the planning-CT. GTV-PTV margins are minimized or even avoided when possible. To maximize efficiency, the preferable technique is single isocenter (non-)coplanar VMAT, which delivers high doses to the target with maximal sparing of the organs at risk. The use of flattening filter free photon beams ensures a lower peripheral dose and shortens the treatment time. To bench mark SRS treatment plan quality, it is advisable to compare treatment plans between hospitals. Conclusion: This paper provides guidance for quality assurance and optimization of treatment delivery for LINAC-based radiosurgery for patients with multiple BM.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas/radioterapia , Neoplasias Encefálicas/secundário , Radiocirurgia/métodos , Radioterapia de Intensidade Modulada/métodos , Neoplasias Encefálicas/diagnóstico por imagem , Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto , Consenso , Meios de Contraste , Gadolínio , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Imagem Multimodal , Posicionamento do Paciente , Seleção de Pacientes , Garantia da Qualidade dos Cuidados de Saúde , Radiocirurgia/normas , Planejamento da Radioterapia Assistida por Computador/métodos , Planejamento da Radioterapia Assistida por Computador/normas , Radioterapia de Intensidade Modulada/normas , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA