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1.
Surg Endosc ; 2019 Oct 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31624939

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Endoscopic sleeve gastroplasty (ESG) is an option for patients with Class I and II obesity or patients who refuse to undergo a laparoscopic bariatric surgery. The aims of this study are as follows: (1) to demonstrate a short-term outcome after primary ESG and (2) to compare the effectiveness of weight loss between Class I and Class II obesity patients. METHODS: Patients undergoing ESG at four bariatric centers in Brazil between April 1, 2017 and December 31, 2018 were prospectively enrolled in the study (BMI 30.0-39.9 kg/m2). ESG was performed using Overstitch (Apollo Endosurgery, Austin, TX). Descriptive analysis, t test, Chi-square test, and Mann-Whitney test were used to present the results. RESULTS: A total of 233 patients underwent primary ESG. The mean age and BMI of the patients were 41.1 years and 34.7 kg/m2, respectively. Following ESG, the mean percentage of total weight loss (TWL) was 17.1% at 6 months and 19.7% at 12 months. Percentage of excess BMI loss (EBMIL) was 47.3% at 6 months and 54.8% at 12 months after ESG. The mean EBMIL was significantly greater among patients with Class I obesity than those with Class II obesity at 6 (51.1% vs. 43.7%) and 12 months (60.2% vs. 49.2%). One patient experienced bleeding during the procedure that was managed with sclerotherapy. CONCLUSION: Short-term results suggest that ESG is a safe and effective option for patients with Class I and II obesity.

2.
Surg Endosc ; 23(11): 2550-5, 2009 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19343424

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Clinical applications of transvaginal Natural Orifice Transluminal Endoscopic Surgery (NOTES) are still limited in the literature, mostly case reports performed by hybrid procedures with laparoscopic assistance. Avoiding complications from incisions is the main goal for natural orifice surgery. This study reports on a technique developed at our institution that uses two endoscopes inserted into the vagina to perform a Totally NOTES (T-NOTES) transvaginal cholecystectomy, and describes preliminary results. METHODS: IRB approval was obtained at the institution for transvaginal NOTES clinical trials, and informed consent was obtained. The technique of T-NOTES transvaginal cholecystectomy was clinically applied in four female patients with symptomatic cholelithiasis, and data were prospectively documented. Transvaginal NOTES access was obtained by direct vaginal incision, and two endoscopes were simultaneously introduced in the abdominal cavity. Dissection was accomplished with available endoscopic instruments. Ligation of cystic duct and artery was performed using endoscopic clips. Vaginal closure was achieved using the direct-vision sutured technique. RESULTS: The technique was successfully performed in the four patients. Insufflation and spatial orientation was of good quality. Mean operative time was 210 min. There were no complications during the 30-day follow-up. Postoperative course was uneventful, and patients were released from the hospital on the first postoperative day. CONCLUSION: Tranvaginal T-NOTES using two endoscopes provides a feasible method for natural orifice cholecystectomy using available technology. Large-series studies are needed to evaluate the results with respect to safety of the approach.


Assuntos
Colecistectomia Laparoscópica/métodos , Colelitíase/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/métodos , Adulto , Brasil , Colecistectomia Laparoscópica/efeitos adversos , Colelitíase/diagnóstico , Estudos de Coortes , Colonoscópios , Feminino , Seguimentos , Gastroscópios , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/efeitos adversos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Vagina/cirurgia
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