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Dent Traumatol ; 35(4-5): 276-284, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31054190


BACKGROUND/AIM: Maxillary canines have a high incidence of impaction which may be associated with unexpected damage during maxillofacial trauma. The aim of this study was to evaluate how an impacted canine could influence the stress distribution in the dentoalveolar complex during a simulated impact before and after surgical removal plus the protective effect offered by a mouthguard. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cross-sectional finite element models of the central incisor and support structures of a patient with an impacted canine in a transverse position were made using ImageJ and Marc/Mentat software. The following impact conditions were simulated: (a) incisor with impacted canine; (b) incisor with surgical socket after impacted canine extraction; and (c) incisor after bone healing. The impacts were also simulated with a 3 mm custom-fitted ethylene vinyl acetate mouthguard. A non-linear dynamic impact finite element analysis was performed in which a rigid object hit the model at 1 m/s. Maximum and minimum principal stresses as well as von Mises stresses were analyzed. RESULTS: Higher values of compressive and tensile stresses occurred on the cortical bone in the models after impacted canine extraction. The highest stress concentrations in the enamel and dentin structures were observed after bone healing. The mouthguard reduced the stress in the alveolar bone and dental structures. CONCLUSIONS: Use of mouthguards during impact reduced the compressive and tensile stresses in the alveolar bone, mainly in the fragile regions of the impacted canine or surgical socket.

Análise do Estresse Dentário , Protetores Bucais , Traumatismos Dentários , Dente Impactado , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Estudos Transversais , Desenho de Equipamento , Análise de Elementos Finitos , Humanos , Maxila
J Contemp Dent Pract ; 18(4): 265-269, 2017 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28349902


AIM: This study aims to assess the effect of ozone gas on dentin exposed to Streptococcus mutans biofilm by evaluation of mineral content [log calcium-to-phosphorus (Ca/P)] using energy-dispersive X-ray (EDX) spectroscopy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Five human third molars were sectioned into four slices of dentin and distributed in four groups: I - control (no treatment); II - ozone therapy; III - biofilm development; IV - ozone therapy followed by biofilm development. Mineral content (log Ca/P) was evaluated by EDX. Data were analyzed by analysis of variance and Tukey's test (p < 0.05). RESULTS: Results showed that the mineral content of control group (I) was similar to ozone group (II), and was statistically higher than biofilm (III) and ozone + biofilm (IV). The lowest log Ca/P was determined in biofilm group (III). CONCLUSION: It can be concluded that ozone gas did not grant preventive effects of demineralization by S. mutans biofilm on dentin surface. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Ozone gas therapy may be an alternative noninvasive treatment aiming to reduce the levels of caries-associated microorganisms. This therapy may, thereby, be an alternative and/or complementary treatment strategy in preventive dentistry.

Biofilmes/efeitos dos fármacos , Cálcio/análise , Dentina/efeitos dos fármacos , Ozônio/efeitos adversos , Fósforo/análise , Streptococcus mutans/efeitos dos fármacos , Dentina/química , Dentina/microbiologia , Humanos , Espectrometria por Raios X