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1.
BJOG ; 127(1): 88-97, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31544327

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the short-term incidence of serious complications of surgery for urinary incontinence or pelvic organ prolapse. DESIGN: Prospective longitudinal cohort study using a surgical registry. SETTING: Thirteen public hospitals in France. POPULATION: A cohort of 1873 women undergoing surgery between February 2017 and August 2018. METHODS: Preliminary analysis of serious complications after a mean follow-up of 7 months (0-18 months), according to type of surgery. Surgeons reported procedures and complications, which were verified by the hospitals' information systems. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Serious complication requiring discontinuation of the procedure or subsequent surgical intervention, life-threatening complication requiring resuscitation, or death. RESULTS: Fifty-two women (2.8%, 95% CI 2.1-3.6%) experienced a serious complication either during surgery, requiring the discontinuation of the procedure, or during the first months of follow-up, necessitating a subsequent reoperation. One woman also required resuscitation; no women died. Of 811 midurethral slings (MUSs), 11 were removed in part or totally (1.4%, 0.7-2.3%), as were two of 391 transvaginal meshes (0.5%, 0.1-1.6%), and four of 611 laparoscopically placed mesh implants (0.7%, 0.2-1.5%). The incidence of serious complications 6 months after the surgical procedure was estimated to be around 3.5% (2.0-5.0%) after MUS alone, 7.0% (2.8-11.3%) after MUS with prolapse surgery, 1.7% (0.0-3.8%) after vaginal native tissue repair, 2.8% (0.9-4.6%) after transvaginal mesh, and 1.0% (0.1-1.9%) after laparoscopy with mesh. CONCLUSIONS: Early serious complications are relatively rare. Monitoring must be continued and expanded to assess the long-term risk associated with mesh use and to identify its risk factors. TWEETABLE ABSTRACT: Short-term serious complications are rare after surgery for urinary incontinence or pelvic organ prolapse, even with mesh.


Assuntos
Diafragma da Pelve/cirurgia , Prolapso de Órgão Pélvico/cirurgia , Telas Cirúrgicas/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Análise de Variância , Colposcopia/efeitos adversos , Colposcopia/mortalidade , Colposcopia/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , França/epidemiologia , Humanos , Incidência , Complicações Intraoperatórias/etiologia , Complicações Intraoperatórias/mortalidade , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prolapso de Órgão Pélvico/mortalidade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Estudos Prospectivos , Sistema de Registros , Slings Suburetrais/efeitos adversos , Slings Suburetrais/estatística & dados numéricos , Telas Cirúrgicas/estatística & dados numéricos , Centros Cirúrgicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto Jovem
2.
Prog Urol ; 29(4): 183-208, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30803873

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: There has been an increasing need for the terminology for the conservative management of female pelvic floor dysfunction to be collated in a clinically-based consensus report. METHODS: This report combines the input of members and elected nominees of the Standardization and Terminology Committees of two International Organizations, the International Urogynecological Association (IUGA) and the International Continence Society (ICS), assisted at intervals by many external referees. An extensive process of nine rounds of internal and external review was developed to exhaustively examine each definition, with decision-making by collective opinion (consensus). Before opening up for comments on the webpages of ICS and IUGA, five experts from physiotherapy, neurology, urology, urogynecology and nursing were invited to comment on the paper. RESULTS: A terminology report for the conservative management of female pelvic floor dysfunction, encompassing over 200 separate definitions, has been developed. It is clinically-based with the most common symptoms, signs, assessments, diagnoses and treatments defined. Clarity and user-friendliness have been key aims to make it interpretable by practitioners and trainees in all the different specialty groups involved in female pelvic floor dysfunction. Ongoing review is not only anticipated but will be required to keep the document updated and as widely acceptable as possible. CONCLUSION: A consensus-based terminology report for the conservative management of female pelvic floor dysfunction has been produced aimed at being a significant aid to clinical practice and a stimulus for research.


Assuntos
Tratamento Conservador/métodos , Distúrbios do Assoalho Pélvico/terapia , Terminologia como Assunto , Consenso , Feminino , Ginecologia , Humanos , Agências Internacionais , Sociedades Médicas , Urologia
3.
J Gynecol Obstet Hum Reprod ; 48(7): 455-460, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30553051

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The objective of these clinical practice guidelines was to analyse all of the interventions during pregnancy and childbirth that might prevent obstetric anal sphincter injuries (OASIS) and postnatal pelvic floor symptoms. MATERIAL AND METHODS: These guidelines were developed in accordance with the methods prescribed by the French Health Authority (HAS). RESULTS: A prenatal clinical examination of the perineum is recommended for women with a history of Crohn's disease, OASIS, genital mutilation, or perianal lesions (professional consensus). Just after delivery, a perineal examination is recommended to check for OASIS (Grade B); if there is doubt about the diagnosis, a second opinion should be requested (Grade C). In case of OASIS, the injuries (including their severity) and the technique for their repair should be described in detail (Grade C). Perineal massage during pregnancy must be encouraged among women who want it (Grade B). No intervention conducted before the start of the active phase of the second stage of labour has been shown to be effective in reducing the risk of perineal injury. The crowning of the baby's head should be manually controlled and the posterior perineum manually supported to reduce the risk of OASIS (Grade C). The performance of an episiotomy during normal deliveries is not recommended to reduce the risk of OASIS (Grade A). In instrumental deliveries, episiotomy may be indicated to avoid OASIS (Grade C). When an episiotomy is performed, a mediolateral incision is recommended (Grade B). The indication for episiotomy should be explained to the woman, and she should consent before its performance. Advising women to have a caesarean delivery for primary prevention of postnatal urinary or anal incontinence is not recommended (Grade B). During pregnancy and again in the labour room, obstetrics professionals should focus on the woman's expectations and inform her about the modes of delivery.

4.
Climacteric ; 22(3): 229-235, 2019 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30572743

RESUMO

Despite pelvic organ prolapse being a universal problem experienced in nearly 50% of parous women, the surgical management of vaginal prolapse remains an enigma to many, with wide variation in the rates and types of intervention performed. As part of the 6th International Consultation on Incontinence (ICI) our committee, charged with producing an evidence-based report on the surgical management of prolapse, produced a pathway for the surgical management of prolapse. The 2017 ICI surgical management of prolapse evidence-based pathway will be presented and summarized. Weaknesses of the data and pathway will be discussed and avenues for future research proposed.

5.
Gynecol Obstet Fertil Senol ; 46(12): 900-912, 2018 12.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30396762

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To assess whether pelvic size and shape, spinal curvature, perineal body length and genital hiatus size are associated with the incidence of childbirth pelvic floor trauma. Special situations, such as obesity, ethnicity and hyperlaxity, will also be studied. METHODS: A bibliographic research using Pubmed and Cochrane Library databases was conducted until May 2018. Publications in English and French were selected by initial reading of the abstracts. Randomized trials, meta-analyzes, case-control studies and large cohorts were studied in a privileged way. RESULTS: A pubic arch angle<90° (measured clinically) does not appear to increase the risk of OASIS (Level 3), but appears to be a risk factor for postnatal anal incontinence at short-term, but not at long-term (Level 3). Measurement of pelvic dimensions and the subpubic angle is not recommended to predict OASIS or to choose the mode of delivery for the purpose of protecting the perineum (GradeC). Prenatal measurement of both perineal body (Level 3) and genital hiatus (Level 2) does not predict the incidence of 2nd or 3rd degree OASIS. Therefore, the routine prenatal measurement of the length of the perineal body or the genital hiatus is not recommended for any objective related to perineal protection (Grade C). Levator avulsion, resulting in a widening of the genital hiatus, is potentially a source of long-term pelvic floor dysfunction. Biomechanical models suggest that performing a mediolateral episiotomy and applying the fingers to the posterior perineum at the time of expulsive phase may reduce pelvic floor trauma. Obese women have a longer perineal body (Level 3), and obesity does not seem to increase the risk of OASIS (Level 2). There is no difference between Asian and non-Asian women perineal body (Level 3). No studies have validated that the liberal practice of episiotomy in Asian women reduced the risk of OASIS. It is therefore not recommended to practice an episiotomy for simple ethnic reasons in Asian women (GradeC). Compared to white women, black women do not appear to have an increased risk of OASIS and even appear to have a decreased risk of perineal tears of all stages (Level 2). Ligament hyperlaxity seems to be associated with an increased risk of OASIS (Level 2). CONCLUSIONS: Prenatal assessment of pelvis bone, spine curvature, perineal body and genital hiatus do not allow to predict the incidence of childbirth pelvic floor trauma. Obesity and ethnicity are not risk factors for OASIS.


Assuntos
Obstetrícia/métodos , Diafragma da Pelve/lesões , Períneo/lesões , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Parto Obstétrico/métodos , Episiotomia , Grupos Étnicos , Incontinência Fecal/etiologia , Feminino , França , Humanos , Lacerações , Obesidade/complicações , Pelve/patologia , Períneo/patologia , Gravidez , Complicações na Gravidez , Osso Púbico/patologia , Fatores de Risco
6.
Gynecol Obstet Fertil Senol ; 46(12): 893-899, 2018 12.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30391283

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The objective of these clinical practice guidelines was to analyse all of the interventions during pregnancy and childbirth that might prevent obstetric anal sphincter injuries (OASIS) and postnatal pelvic floor symptoms. MATERIAL AND METHODS: These guidelines were developed in accordance with the methods prescribed by the French Health Authority (HAS). RESULTS: A prenatal clinical examination of the perineum is recommended for women with a history of Crohn's disease, OASIS, genital mutilation, or perianal lesions (professional consensus). Just after delivery, a perineal examination is recommended to check for OASIS (Grade B); if there is doubt about the diagnosis, a second opinion should be requested (GradeC). In case of OASIS, the injuries (including their severity) and the technique for their repair should be described in detail (GradeC). Perineal massage during pregnancy must be encouraged among women who want it (Grade B). No intervention conducted before the start of the active phase of the second stage of labour has been shown to be effective in reducing the risk of perineal injury. The crowning of the baby's head should be manually controlled and the posterior perineum manually supported to reduce the risk of OASIS (GradeC). The performance of an episiotomy during normal deliveries is not recommended to reduce the risk of OASIS (Grade A). In instrumental deliveries, episiotomy may be indicated to avoid OASIS (GradeC). When an episiotomy is performed, a mediolateral incision is recommended (Grade B). The indication for episiotomy should be explained to the woman, and she should consent before its performance. Advising women to have a caesarean delivery for primary prevention of postnatal urinary or anal incontinence is not recommended (Grade B). During pregnancy and again in the labour room, obstetrics professionals should focus on the woman's expectations and inform her about the modes of delivery.


Assuntos
Obstetrícia/métodos , Períneo/lesões , Canal Anal/lesões , Cesárea , Parto Obstétrico/efeitos adversos , Parto Obstétrico/métodos , Episiotomia/métodos , Incontinência Fecal/etiologia , Incontinência Fecal/prevenção & controle , Feminino , França , Humanos , Trabalho de Parto , Lacerações/prevenção & controle , Complicações do Trabalho de Parto , Gravidez , Fatores de Risco
7.
Int J Surg ; 53: 18-23, 2018 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29432971

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The management of disposable and reusable supplies might have an impact on the cost efficiency of the Operating Room (OR). This study aimed to evaluate the cost and reasons for wasted supplies in the OR during surgical procedures. METHODS: We conducted an observational and prospective study in a French university hospital. We assessed the cost of wasted supplies in the OR (defined by opened unused devices), the reasons for the wastage, and the circulator retrievals. At the end, we assessed the perception of surgeons and nurses relative to the supply wastage. RESULTS: Fifty routine procedures and five non-scheduled procedures were observed in digestive (n = 20), urologic (n = 20) and gynecologic surgery (n = 15). The median cost [IQR] of open unused devices was €4.1 [0.5; 10.5] per procedure. Wasted supplies represented up to 20.1% of the total cost allocated to surgical supplies. Considering the 8000 surgical procedures performed in these three surgery departments, the potential annual cost savings were 100 000€. The most common reason of wastage was an anticipation of the surgeon's needs. The circulating nurse spent up to 26.3% of operative time outside of the OR, mainly attending to an additional demand from the surgeon (30%). Most of the survey respondents (68%) agreed that knowing supply prices would change their behavior. CONCLUSIONS: This study showed the OR is a major source of wasted hospital expenditure and an area wherein an intervention would have a significant impact. Reducing wasted supplies could improve the cost efficiency of the OR and also decrease its ecological impact.


Assuntos
Equipamentos Descartáveis/economia , Salas Cirúrgicas/economia , Equipamentos Cirúrgicos/economia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Operatórios/economia , Redução de Custos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos do Sistema Digestório/economia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos do Sistema Digestório/instrumentação , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos em Ginecologia/economia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos em Ginecologia/instrumentação , Hospitais Universitários , Humanos , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital/psicologia , Duração da Cirurgia , Estudos Prospectivos , Cirurgiões/psicologia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Urológicos/economia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Urológicos/instrumentação
8.
Prog Urol ; 28(4): 221-229, 2018 Mar.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29339140

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Prevalence of pelvic organ prolapse will increase with the aging of the population. Concerning the treatment of pelvic organ prolapse, transvaginal route is often preferred for elderly women. However few data are available concerning transvaginal mesh surgery in this population. The aim of this study was to compare efficiency and complications of transvaginal mesh surgery between women aged over 75 and younger women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A monocentric, retrospective study included all women who underwent anterior sacrospinous suspension with mesh for treatment of pelvic organ prolapse. The primary endpoint was anatomical success at the last follow-up, defined by a pelvic organ prolapse stage 0 or 1 of POP-Q classification. The secondary endpoints were rate of complications and urinary, colorectal and sexual functional results. RESULTS: We included 329 patients, 69 were under 75 years old and 260 were aged over 75. The median of follow-up was 12 months (IQR: 6). The rate of anatomical success was significantly higher in patients aged over 75: 92% versus 85% in younger patients (P=0.02). However this difference was no more significant in multivariate analysis after inclusion of confusions factors (P=0.82). The rate of perioperative complications was low and similar in the 2 groups even in multivariate analysis. CONCLUSION: Utero-vaginal suspension using bilateral vaginal anterior sacrospinous fixation with mesh seems to achieve at least similar results between women aged more than 75 years and younger women. There is no excess risk of complications in elderly women. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 4.


Assuntos
Prolapso de Órgão Pélvico/cirurgia , Telas Cirúrgicas , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Feminino , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos em Ginecologia/métodos , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Urológicos/métodos , Vagina
10.
Prog Urol ; 27(7): 413-423, 2017 Jun.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28551104

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate expert's opinion in order to obtain a consensus on the different measures of perineal protection at the time of vaginal delivery. METHODS: A survey using the Delphi method was carried out with a panel of French obstetricians, urogynecologists and midwives. The questionnaire included 22 questions grouped into four groups: expulsive efforts, indications of episiotomy, episiotomy repair and other forms of perineal protection. The experts had to answer on a 9-point scale, both on the validity and the clarity of each proposal. After analysis of the replies of the first round, a second round was sent to the same experts for certain proposals. Each turn was the subject of two raises. To be validated, each proposal had to obtain a median equal to or greater than 7/9 and an agreement between the experts greater than 65% in the first round, and more than 75% in the second round. RESULTS: The study was conducted between March and October 2016. Of the 300 experts initially selected, 93 (31%) responded to the first round, including 63 obstetricians (67.7%), 12 urogynecologists (12.9%) and 18 midwives (19.4%). In the second round, 72 experts replied, representing 77.4% of the experts who also answered the first round. At the end of the two rounds, 11 proposals were validated, and 11 rejected. The following recommendations have been validated. Uterine expression should be proscribed. The two modes of pushing (blocked in Valsalva and by blowing) can be indifferently proposed, in case of fetal progression and in the absence of fetal distress. The midline episiotomy should be proscribed. The medio-lateral (or lateral) episiotomy should be left to the discretion of the accoucheur. The maintenance of the fetal head with one hand must be systematic to the expulsion to protect the perineum. Repair of the episiotomy should be made (except in some cases) with a rapid absorbable suture. The prescription of NSAIDs and/or painkillers of level 2 should be preferred to reduce the pain of post-natal perineal scars. CONCLUSION: Several measures of perineal protection at the time of vaginal delivery are consensual in France. Other measures should be studied further. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 4.


Assuntos
Complicações do Trabalho de Parto/prevenção & controle , Períneo/lesões , Consenso , Técnica Delfos , Episiotomia , Feminino , França , Humanos , Gravidez
11.
Prog Urol ; 27(11): 576-584, 2017 Sep.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28461041

RESUMO

AIMS: The Female Pelvic Floor Questionnaire (FPFQ) is a self-administered tool on pelvic floor function. Our aim was to carry out a cultural adaptation of the FPFQ into French and to assess its psychometric properties. METHODS: After cross-cultural adaptation into French, acceptability and reliability of the questionnaire were assessed through a sample of 56 women in a test-retest. Discriminative construct validity was evaluated by comparing the results obtained by the FPFQ to those of other validated questionnaires. Longitudinal follow-up of the 282 pregnant women included in the PreNatal Pelvic floor Prevention trial (3PN) was used to analyze responsiveness. RESULTS: The proportion of missing data did not exceed 4 % for questions about bladder function, bowel function and pelvic organ prolapse; 10 % for issues related to sexual function. Question 9 was considered difficult to understand by 14 % of women. After rewriting, this issue was retested in a new sample of 52 women and presented no further problems. The intra-class correlation coefficient was greater than or equal to 0.7 for all domains during the test-retest. The FPFQ was strongly and significantly correlated (Spearman r>0.5) with the other validated questionnaires. The French version of FPFQ recorded changes in urinary and sexual symptoms for the women involved in 3PN trial with a standardized response mean equal to 0.83 and 0.44, respectively. CONCLUSION: The French version of the FPFQ is self-administered, reliable, valid, and can detect a change in symptoms during follow-up. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level 4.


Assuntos
Características Culturais , Autoavaliação Diagnóstica , Distúrbios do Assoalho Pélvico/diagnóstico , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Psicometria , Traduções
12.
BJOG ; 124(6): 912-917, 2017 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28186383

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether cranberries are able to prevent postoperative urinary bacteriuria in patients undergoing pelvic surgery and receiving transurethral catheterisation. DESIGN: Randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. SETTINGS: French tertiary Care centre, University Hospital. POPULATION: A total of 272 women undergoing pelvic surgery aged 18 or older. METHODS: Participants undergoing pelvic surgery were randomised to 36 mg cranberry (proanthocyanidins, PAC) or placebo once daily for 10 days. Statistical analysis was performed by a chi-square test. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The primary and secondary outcomes were postoperative bacteriuria, defined by a positive urine culture, within the first 15 and 40 days, respectively. RESULTS: Two hundred and fifty-five participants received the intended treatment: 132 (51.8%) received PAC and 123 (48.2%) received placebo. There were no significant differences in baseline demographics, intra-operative characteristics or duration and type of catheterisation between the two groups. PAC prophylaxis did not reduce the risk of bacteriuria treatment within 15 days of surgery [27% bacteriuria with PAC compared with 25% bacteriuria with placebo: relative risk 1.05, 95% CI 0.78-1.4, P = 0.763). The same result was observed on day 40. Bacteriuria occurred more often in older women with increased length of catheterisation. CONCLUSION: Immediate postoperative prophylaxis with PAC does not reduce the risk of postoperative bacteriuria in patients receiving short-term transurethral catheterisation after pelvic surgery. TWEETABLE ABSTRACT: PAC prophylaxis does not reduce the risk of postoperative bacteriuria in patients undergoing pelvic surgery.


Assuntos
Bacteriúria/prevenção & controle , Infecção Hospitalar/prevenção & controle , Pelve/cirurgia , Fitoterapia/métodos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Cateterismo Urinário/efeitos adversos , Vaccinium macrocarpon , Adulto , Bacteriúria/epidemiologia , Bacteriúria/etiologia , Cápsulas , Infecção Hospitalar/epidemiologia , Infecção Hospitalar/etiologia , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Humanos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Prog Urol ; 26(10): 558-65, 2016 Sep.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27052819

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the impact of laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy on symptoms, health-related quality of life and sexuality after a 36 month-follow-up. We also reported anatomical outcomes and reoperation rate. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A prospective monocentric study was carried out including 82 women with symptomatic Pelvic Organ Prolapse (POP) stage≥2 according to Pelvic Organ Prolapse Quantification classification. Symptoms were evaluated using the Pelvic Floor Distress Inventory (PFDI-20) and health-related quality of life by the Pelvic Floor Impact Questionnaire (PFIQ-7). Sexual function was evaluated using the Pelvic Incontinence Sexual Questionnaire (PISQ-12). Measurements were recorded at the preoperative examination, then at 3, 12 and 36 months after surgery. RESULTS: PFDI-20 scores were significantly improved at 3 months (91.9 vs. 31.8, P<0.05) and PFIQ-7 scores also (60.8 vs. 16, P<0.05). This scores improvement remained significant at 12 months. There was no significant difference between results obtained at 12 and 36 months for PFDI-20 (36.8 vs. 42.2, P>0.05) and for PFIQ-7 (18.4 vs. 24.7, P>0.05). PISQ-12 score remained significantly improved at 3, 12 and 36 months compared to baseline (34.8, 35.3, 38.5 and 38.5, respectively). Ten patients (12.8%) had anatomical recurrence at 36 months for posterior compartment, 4 (5.1%) for anterior compartment and 1 (1.2%) for medium compartment. Four patients (4.9%) required reintervention. CONCLUSION: Laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy improved early functional outcome that remained significant after at least a 36 months follow up. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 4.


Assuntos
Laparoscopia , Prolapso de Órgão Pélvico/cirurgia , Qualidade de Vida , Autorrelato , Sexualidade/fisiologia , Colo do Útero , Feminino , Seguimentos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos em Ginecologia/métodos , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Sacro , Avaliação de Sintomas , Fatores de Tempo , Vagina
14.
Prog Urol ; 26(7): 401-8, 2016 Jun.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27068055

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy, with or without simultaneous midurethral sling (MUS), on urinary symptoms and health-related quality of life of patients. MATERIALS: A prospective analysis was carried out including 83 women with symptomatic pelvic organ prolapse who had laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy between 2009 and 2011. Patients were classified according to the preoperative clinical examination (stress test). Thirty patients with patent (group A) stress urinary incontinence (SUI) and 15 patients with occult SUI (group B) had a MUS associated with sacrocolpopexy. Thirty-eight patients with negative stress test (group C) were treated by sacrocolpopexy without MUS, even if they had history of SUI. At each visit, urinary symptoms (UDI-6) and their impact on quality of life (UIQ-7) were evaluated using validated self-questionnaires, Pelvic Floor Distress Inventory and Pelvic Floor Impact Questionnaire. RESULTS: After 3years of mean follow-up, SUI was improved in 22/30 (77%) of patients in group A and only one patient needed a second MUS. Dysuria was cured in 9/12 (75%), 5/7 (71%) and 16/19 (84%) of patients of groups A, B, C respectively and urge urinary incontinence in 13/19 (68%), 2/2 (100%) and 4/6 (67%) of patients. The rate of de novo urge incontinence was respectively 1/11 (9%), 2/13 (15%) and 6/32 (19%). De novo SUI appeared in 6/32 (19%) of patients in group C, but only 2 of them secondarily needed a MUS. After 3 years, our study showed a significant decrease of UDI-6 of 62, 63 and 48% comparing with preoperative score and of UIQ-7 of 77, 54 and 81%. CONCLUSION: Laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy associated with MUS for patent stress urinary incontinence improves significantly stress and urgency urinary incontinence. Laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy without MUS, when physical exam shows a negative stress test, significantly reduces voiding difficulties with very few cases of de novo stress and urge incontinence. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 4.


Assuntos
Laparoscopia , Prolapso de Órgão Pélvico/cirurgia , Slings Suburetrais , Incontinência Urinária por Estresse/cirurgia , Feminino , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos em Ginecologia/métodos , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prolapso de Órgão Pélvico/complicações , Estudos Prospectivos , Sacro , Resultado do Tratamento , Incontinência Urinária por Estresse/etiologia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Urológicos/métodos , Vagina
15.
Prog Urol ; 26(4): 197-225, 2016 Mar.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26852300

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Given its increasing complexity, the terminology for female pelvic floor disorders needs to be updated in addition to existing terminology of the lower urinary tract. To do this, it seems preferable to adopt a female-specific approach and build on a consensus based on clinical practice. METHODOLOGY: This paper summarizes the work of the standardization and terminology committees of two international scientific societies, namely the International Urogynecological Association (IUGA) and the International Continence Society (ICS). These committees were assisted by many external expert referees. A ranking into relevant major clinical categories and sub-categories was developed in order to allocate an alphanumeric code to each definition. An extensive process of 15 internal and external reviews was set up to study each definition in detail, with decisions taken collectively (consensus). RESULTS: Terminology was developed for female pelvic floor disorders, bringing together more than 250 definitions. It is clinically based and the six most common diagnoses are defined. The emphasis was placed on clarity and user-friendliness to make this terminology accessible to practitioners and trainees in all the specialties involved in female pelvic floor disorders. Imaging investigations (ultrasound, radiology, MRI) exclusively for women have been added to the text, relevant figures have also been included to complete the text and help clarify the meaning. Regular reviews are planned and are also required to keep the document up-to-date and as widely acceptable as possible. CONCLUSIONS: The work conducted led to the development of a consensual terminology of female pelvic floor disorders. This document has been designed to provide substantial assistance in clinical practice and research. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 4.


Assuntos
Ginecologia , Diafragma da Pelve , Terminologia como Assunto , Traduções , Incontinência Urinária , Urologia , Feminino , Humanos , Agências Internacionais , Diafragma da Pelve/fisiopatologia , Publicações Periódicas como Assunto , Editoração , Sociedades Médicas , Incontinência Urinária/complicações , Incontinência Urinária/diagnóstico , Incontinência Urinária/etiologia
16.
J Gynecol Obstet Biol Reprod (Paris) ; 45(4): 388-96, 2016 Apr.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26096354

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: In prenatal diagnosis of 22q11.2 microdeletion syndrome, without cardiac malformation or multiple associated congenital anomalies, we study the presence of polyhydramnios and its association with thymic dysgenesis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a multicenter retrospective observational study. It was performed in two multidisciplinary centers for prenatal diagnosis in the south of France between January 1, 2010 and June 30, 2013. Inclusion criteria were prenatal diagnosis of 22q11.2 deletion syndrome. We excluded from the study any fetus with cardiac malformation or multiple associated congenital anomalies. RESULTS: During the inclusion period, eleven antenatal diagnoses of 22q11.2 microdeletion syndrome have been made. Six cases were excluded: 5 fetuses with cardiac malformation and one with multiple associated congenital anomalies. Therefore, five cases of isolated polyhydramnios were included. All 5 fetuses had a thymic dysgenesis: 3 had a thymic agenesis and 1 thymic hypoplasia diagnosed by sonography and 1 had a thymic agenesis diagnosed by retrospective reading of fetal MRI. CONCLUSION: When faced with a polyhydramnios, the presence of a thymic dysgenesis should be search for by ultrasound screening and would alert to the possibility of a 22q11.2 microdeletion syndrome. The confirmation of this is diagnosis by amniocentesis would enable improved antenatal support for parents and would enable early implementation of the multidisciplinary neonatal care that is required to avoid serious complications of this syndrome.


Assuntos
Síndrome de DiGeorge/diagnóstico , Doenças Fetais/diagnóstico , Poli-Hidrâmnios/diagnóstico , Diagnóstico Pré-Natal/métodos , Timo/anormalidades , Adulto , Feminino , Doenças Fetais/diagnóstico por imagem , França , Humanos , Gravidez , Estudos Retrospectivos , Timo/diagnóstico por imagem
17.
Prog Urol ; 25(4): 180-7, 2015 Mar.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25649356

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The main objective of that review was to evaluate the pelvi-perineal consequences of the different methods of pushing at vaginal delivery. METHODS: A review on PubMed, the Cochrane Library and EM-Premium was performed from 1984 to 2014. Among 29 manuscripts analysed, only nine randomised controlled trials (including one meta-analysis of three trials) comparing Valsalva and spontaneous pushing were selected. A 10 th study, secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial comparing different methods of perineal protection (warm compresses, massage and manual protection), was also selected. RESULTS: Two trials have shown that spontaneous pushing reduces the risk of perineal tears, but studies were heterogeneous and discordant results do not allowed definitive conclusions. Results on the duration of the second stage of labour are conflicting. The method of pushing does not seem to affect the rate of episiotomy, instrumental delivery and cesarean section. Maternal satisfaction seems to be better after spontaneous pushing. It seems that there is no negative effect of spontaneous pushing on neonate well-being, and one study has shown a significant improvement of prenatal fetal parameters during the expulsive phase. CONCLUSION: According to current knowledge, both techniques of pushing during the expulsive phase at delivery seem comparable in terms of duration, risk of perineal tears and neonatal outcome.


Assuntos
Parto Obstétrico/métodos , Lacerações/etiologia , Lacerações/prevenção & controle , Períneo/lesões , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez
18.
Prog Urol ; 25(4): 211-6, 2015 Mar.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25450754

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Few studies have evaluated urine postvoid residuals (PVRs) and their risk factors during the post-partum (PP) period. The aim of this prospective study was to screen postvoid residuals in a cohort of patients in PP, and to identify the risk factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: For three months, patients in PP were given an evaluation of their PVR (ultrasounds method) after a spontaneous urination. Clinical data as regards delivery were collected. RESULTS: One hundred and sixty-eight patients were included. Among them, 61% had a urine volume at the first urination over 500 mL, and 52% presented with a pathological PVR (PVR over 150 mL for a urine volume over 150 mL). The median PVR was 153.50 mL. The median volume of the first spontaneous urination was 400 mL. Among patients with a pathological PVR, the total duration of the labor and the duration of its second phase were significantly longer (P=0.003 and P<0.05, respectively), and the volume of the first urination was higher. Indwelling catheterization during the delivery decreased the volume of the first spontaneous urination (volume over 500 mL in 28% vs 72% of patients, P=0.017) but was not associated with a decreased PVR in non-pathological deliveries. Instrumental deliveries were associated with higher PVRs than caesarean or physiological deliveries (244 mL, 180 mL et 156 mL; P=0.033). A bacteriuria was not significantly associated with PVR (54% vs 49%, P>0.05). CONCLUSION: We were able to identify risk factors for PVR in the PP, such as the duration of labor, instrumental delivery and elevated volume of the first urination after delivery.


Assuntos
Transtornos Puerperais/diagnóstico , Retenção Urinária/diagnóstico , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos , Transtornos Puerperais/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco , Retenção Urinária/epidemiologia
19.
J Invest Surg ; 28(2): 109-14, 2015 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25437773

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Fast-absorbing polyglactin 910 is commonly used to suture skin and vaginal incisions. In vitro studies have shown similar tensile strength properties between Velosorb™ Fast and Vicryl™ Rapide (Al-Qattan MM. J Hand Surg Br Eur. 2005;30(1):90-91). This randomized study compared Velosorb™ Fast (Covidien) with Vicryl™ Rapide (Ethicon) in a rabbit model of intradermic suture and episiotomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This randomized prospective study was performed on 20 New Zealand rabbits, in which we realized a mediolateral perineo-vaginal incision and two vertical skin incisions of about 8 cm on the abdominal wall. The sutures were randomized between Velosorb™ Fast (Covidien) and Vicryl™ Rapide (Ethicon), and each rabbit was treated with the same suture on both vaginal incision and left abdominal incision, while the right abdominal incision was closed with an alternate suture. A macroscopic examination was performed on days 5 and 11. On day 11, animals were sacrificed for histological (Badylak quantitative score) and electron microscopic examinations. Differences were considered significant at p < .05. RESULTS: All of the rabbits survived and were included in the final results. Fifty-one sutures were visible by histologic analysis (27 in the Velosorb™ Fast group and 24 in the Vicryl™ Rapide group). The power of the study was ≥80%. There was no significant difference between the two groups based on the total histologic Badylak score analysis or the Badylak sub-score analysis. CONCLUSIONS: Velosorb™ Fast seems to be as efficient as Vicryl™ Rapide for use in perineal and skin closure.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Dermatológicos/métodos , Episiotomia/métodos , Poliglactina 910 , Telas Cirúrgicas , Suturas , Animais , Materiais Biocompatíveis/normas , Feminino , Modelos Animais , Poliglactina 910/normas , Coelhos , Distribuição Aleatória , Pele/patologia , Telas Cirúrgicas/normas , Suturas/normas , Adesivos Teciduais/normas , Resultado do Tratamento , Vagina/patologia , Vagina/cirurgia
20.
J Gynecol Obstet Biol Reprod (Paris) ; 44(1): 53-62, 2015 Jan.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24529760

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To show place and usefulness of intra-uterine compression in management of post-partum haemorrhage (PPH). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective cohort study, monocentric, including all consecutive cases of PPH during four years in an obstetric department of level IIa. The compression technique was the use of intra-uterine meshes, and efficacy was defined as a total and immediate bleeding interruption. Apart of meshes, patients received sulprostone then ocytocine and antibiotics. RESULTS: The rate of PPH was 3.8% on 3913 deliveries. One hundred and fifty patients with PPH were managed following CNGOF guidelines. Ninety-nine patients were also treated with intra-uterine meshes during 24hours. The rate of mesh success was 91.9%. Sixty-two cases of subsequent pregnancies were also reported. CONCLUSION: In case of PPH, intra-uterine compression using meshes is simple, cheap and efficient. That technique could avoid the use of invasive surgical procedures and a safer post-natal transfer.


Assuntos
Hemorragia Pós-Parto/terapia , Telas Cirúrgicas , Tamponamento com Balão Uterino , Parto Obstétrico/efeitos adversos , Parto Obstétrico/reabilitação , Feminino , França/epidemiologia , Hospitais de Ensino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Gravidez , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tempo para o Tratamento , Resultado do Tratamento , Tamponamento com Balão Uterino/instrumentação , Tamponamento com Balão Uterino/métodos , Útero/patologia
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