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Crit Care ; 24(1): 628, 2020 10 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33126902


BACKGROUND: Expiratory muscle weakness leads to difficult ventilator weaning. Maintaining their activity with functional electrical stimulation (FES) may improve outcome. We studied feasibility of breath-synchronized expiratory population muscle FES in a mixed ICU population ("Holland study") and pooled data with our previous work ("Australian study") to estimate potential clinical effects in a larger group. METHODS: Holland: Patients with a contractile response to FES received active or sham expiratory muscle FES (30 min, twice daily, 5 days/week until weaned). Main endpoints were feasibility (e.g., patient recruitment, treatment compliance, stimulation intensity) and safety. Pooled: Data on respiratory muscle thickness and ventilation duration from the Holland and Australian studies were combined (N = 40) in order to estimate potential effect size. Plasma cytokines (day 0, 3) were analyzed to study the effects of FES on systemic inflammation. RESULTS: Holland: A total of 272 sessions were performed (active/sham: 169/103) in 20 patients (N = active/sham: 10/10) with a total treatment compliance rate of 91.1%. No FES-related serious adverse events were reported. Pooled: On day 3, there was a between-group difference (N = active/sham: 7/12) in total abdominal expiratory muscle thickness favoring the active group [treatment difference (95% confidence interval); 2.25 (0.34, 4.16) mm, P = 0.02] but not on day 5. Plasma cytokine levels indicated that early FES did not induce systemic inflammation. Using a survival analysis approach for the total study population, median ventilation duration and ICU length of stay were 10 versus 52 (P = 0.07), and 12 versus 54 (P = 0.03) days for the active versus sham group. Median ventilation duration of patients that were successfully extubated was 8.5 [5.6-12.2] versus 10.5 [5.3-25.6] days (P = 0.60) for the active (N = 16) versus sham (N = 10) group, and median ICU length of stay was 10.5 [8.0-14.5] versus 14.0 [9.0-19.5] days (P = 0.36) for those active (N = 16) versus sham (N = 8) patients that were extubated and discharged alive from the ICU. During ICU stay, 3/20 patients died in the active group versus 8/20 in the sham group (P = 0.16). CONCLUSION: Expiratory muscle FES is feasible in selected ICU patients and might be a promising technique within a respiratory muscle-protective ventilation strategy. The next step is to study the effects on weaning and ventilator liberation outcome. TRIAL REGISTRATION:, ID NCT03453944. Registered 05 March 2018-Retrospectively registered, .

ERJ Open Res ; 6(2)2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32665947


With a modified circuit, it is feasible to ventilate two patients with one ventilator over a relevant range of compliances. Adding inspiratory resistance allows individual titration of tidal volume, and incorporating one-way valves prevents pendelluft.

Crit Care ; 24(1): 104, 2020 Mar 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32204710


This article is one of ten reviews selected from the Annual Update in Intensive Care and Emergency Medicine 2020. Other selected articles can be found online at Further information about the Annual Update in Intensive Care and Emergency Medicine is available from

Insuficiência Respiratória/terapia , Fenômenos Fisiológicos Respiratórios , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva/organização & administração , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva/tendências , Insuficiência Respiratória/fisiopatologia
Cardiovasc Res ; 111(4): 362-72, 2016 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27402402


AIMS: In cardiac hypertrophy (CH) and heart failure (HF), alterations occur in mitochondrial enzyme content and activities but the origin and implications of these changes for mitochondrial function need to be resolved. METHODS AND RESULTS: Right ventricular CH or HF was induced by monocrotaline injection, which causes pulmonary artery hypertension, in rats. Results were compared with saline injection (CON). NAD(P)H and FAD autofluorescence were recorded in thin intact cardiac trabeculae during transitions in stimulation frequency, to assess mitochondrial complex I and complex II function, respectively. Oxygen consumption, mitochondrial morphology, protein content, and enzymatic activity were assessed. NAD(P)H autofluorescence upon an increase in stimulation frequency showed a rapid decline followed by a slow recovery. FAD autofluorescence followed a similar time course, but in opposite direction. The amplitude of the early rapid change in NAD(P)H autofluorescence was severely depressed in CH and HF compared with CON. The rapid changes in FAD autofluorescence in CH and HF were reduced to a lesser extent. Complex I-coupled respiration showed an ∼3.5-fold reduction in CH and HF; complex II-coupled respiration was depressed two-fold in HF. Western blot analyses revealed modest reductions in complex I protein content in CH and HF and in complex I activity in supercomplexes in HF. Mitochondrial volume density was similar, but mitochondrial remodelling was evident from changes in ultrastructure and fusion/fission indices in CH and HF. CONCLUSION: These results suggest that the alterations in mitochondrial function observed in right ventricular CH and HF can be mainly attributed to complex I dysfunction.

Hipertrofia Ventricular Direita/metabolismo , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Miocárdio/metabolismo , NADP/metabolismo , Animais , Cardiomegalia/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Coração/fisiopatologia , Masculino , NAD/metabolismo , Consumo de Oxigênio/fisiologia , Ratos Wistar