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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31962005

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Microangiopathy and dysregulation of the immune system play important roles in the pathogenesis of Systemic Sclerosis (SSc). Factors that trigger vascular injury in SSc have not been elucidated so far. To evaluate whether sex or expression of specific antinuclear auto-antibodies might associate with the degree of microangiopathy we performed a systematic review summarizing what is known about these associations. METHOD: Standardized search of PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science and the Cochrane library were performed to identify studies, that report on auto-antibodies in SSc patients and microangiopathy, and for the second search, that report on sex and microangiopathy. RESULT: Eleven studies were included that report on the relationship between SSc specific auto-antibodies and microangiopathy, and six studies were included that report on the association between sex and microangiopathy. Contradictory results were found on the association between auto-antibodies and microangiopathy, and no association was found between sex and microangiopathy based on the current literature. CONCLUSION: Based on this review of the literature we can conclude that sex does not seem to influence degree of microangiopathy in SSc, while results on association between SSc specific auto-antibodies and degree of microangiopathy were inconclusive.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31808528

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To examine the treatment decision-making process of patients with dcSSc in the context of haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). METHODS: A qualitative semi-structured interview study was done in patients before or after HSCT, or patients who chose another treatment than HSCT. Thematic analysis was used. Shared decision-making (SDM) was assessed with the 9-item Shared Decision Making Questionnaire (SDM-Q-9). RESULTS: Twenty-five patients [16 male/nine female, median age 47 (range 27-68) years] were interviewed: five pre-HSCT, 16 post-HSCT and four following other treatment. Whereas the SDM-Q-9 showed the decision-making process was perceived as shared [median score 81/100 (range 49-100)], we learned from the interviews that the decision was predominantly made by the rheumatologist, and patients were often steered towards a treatment option. Strong guidance of the rheumatologist was appreciated because of a lack of accessible, reliable and SSc-specific information, due to the approach of the decision-making process of the rheumatologist, the large consequence of the decision and the trust in their doctor. Expectations of outcomes and risks also differed between patients. Furthermore, more than half of patients felt they had no choice but to go for HSCT, due to rapid deterioration of health and the perception of HSCT as 'the holy grail'. CONCLUSION: This is the first study that provides insight into the decision-making process in dcSSc. This process is negatively impacted by a lack of disease-specific education about treatment options. Additionally, we recommend exploring patients' preferences and understanding of the illness to optimally guide decision-making and to provide tailor-made information.

3.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 4955, 2019 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31672989

RESUMO

Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is an autoimmune disease that shows one of the highest mortality rates among rheumatic diseases. We perform a large genome-wide association study (GWAS), and meta-analysis with previous GWASs, in 26,679 individuals and identify 27 independent genome-wide associated signals, including 13 new risk loci. The novel associations nearly double the number of genome-wide hits reported for SSc thus far. We define 95% credible sets of less than 5 likely causal variants in 12 loci. Additionally, we identify specific SSc subtype-associated signals. Functional analysis of high-priority variants shows the potential function of SSc signals, with the identification of 43 robust target genes through HiChIP. Our results point towards molecular pathways potentially involved in vasculopathy and fibrosis, two main hallmarks in SSc, and highlight the spectrum of critical cell types for the disease. This work supports a better understanding of the genetic basis of SSc and provides directions for future functional experiments.

4.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 37 Suppl 119(4): 82-87, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31587694

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To determine whether cumulative endogenous estrogen exposure (CEEE) is associated with severity of microvascular damage or with presence of clinical characteristics in women with systemic sclerosis (SSc). METHODS: The population was composed of female SSc patients from the Leiden CCISS (combined care in SSc) cohort. Reproductive life history was investigated through structured questionnaires and CEEE was calculated with a mathematical equation. Demographic, laboratory and clinical characteristics were available for all patients. The most recent nailfold videocapillaroscopy (NVC) was used to semiquantitatively score microangiopathy parameters. RESULTS: We included 97 patients, with a mean age of 59.6±14 years and a mean CEEE of 9±5.5 years. Ordinal logistic regression using CEEE as independent variable failed to demonstrate an association with loss (OR 1.05, 95% CI 0.97-1.14), dilated capillaries (OR 1.05, 95% CI 0.96-1.14), giants (OR 1.03, 95% CI 0.95-1.12) and ramifications (OR 0.99, 95% CI 0.92-1.07). Binary logistic regression did not show an effect of CEEE on presence of scleroderma pattern vs. non-scleroderma pattern, (OR 0.99, 95% CI 0.89-1.1) or of late scleroderma pattern vs. non-late patterns (OR 0.96, 95% CI 0.88-1.05) at NVC. Furthermore, no association was found between CEEE and presence of interstitial lung involvement (OR 0.98, 95% CI 0.88-1.08) but a trend for occurrence of digital ulcers (OR 1.09, 95% CI 0.99-1.19) was observed. CONCLUSIONS: In SSc patients, CEEE is not associated with the extent of microvascular derangement. No associations between CEEE and organ involvement were found.


Assuntos
Capilares , Estrogênios/farmacologia , Angioscopia Microscópica/métodos , Unhas/irrigação sanguínea , Escleroderma Sistêmico , Idoso , Capilares/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Escleroderma Sistêmico/patologia
6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31539063

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To gain insight into SSc patients' perspective on quality of care and to survey their preferred quality indicators. METHODS: An online questionnaire about healthcare setting, perceived quality of care (CQ index) and quality indicators, was sent to 2093 patients from 13 Dutch hospitals. RESULTS: Six hundred and fifty patients (mean age 59 years, 75% women, 32% limited cutaneous SSc, 20% diffuse cutaneous SSc) completed the questionnaire. Mean time to diagnosis was 4.3 years (s.d. 6.9) and was longer in women compared with men (4.8 (s.d. 7.3) vs 2.5 (s.d. 5.0) years). Treatment took place in a SSc expert centre for 58%, regional centre for 29% or in both for 39% of patients. Thirteen percent of patients was not aware of whether their hospital was specialized in SSc. The perceived quality of care was rated with a mean score of 3.2 (s.d. 0.5) (range 1.0-4.0). There were no relevant differences between expert and regional centres. The three prioritized process indicators were: good patient-physician interaction (80%), structural multidisciplinary collaboration (46%) and receiving treatment according to SSc guidelines (44%). Absence of disease progression (66%), organ involvement (33%) and digital ulcers (27%) were the three highest rated outcome indicators. CONCLUSION: The perceived quality of care evaluated in our study was fair to good. No differences between expert and regional centres were observed. Our prioritized process and outcome indicators can be added to indicators suggested by SSc experts in earlier studies and can be used to evaluate the quality of care in SSc.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31362894

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The pathophysiology of systemic sclerosis (SSc) is complex and elusive, however, considering the strong female preponderance and different clinical characteristics between men and women, a contribution of sex hormones has been proposed. OBJECTIVES: We undertook this systematic literature review to investigate: (1) the role played by male and female sex hormones in the pathogenesis of SSc; (2) how sex hormone levels change in SSc patients and how hormonal variations modify the progression of SSc; (3) the effect of therapies targeting sex hormones on the disease course. METHODS: A literature search was performed in Pubmed, Embase, Web of Science, and Cochrane library databases. Given the heterogeneity in study design, different quality assessment tools were applied where appropriate. RESULTS: We retrieved 300 articles and 30 were included in the review. The available evidence points to a fibrogenic, but also a vasodilatory, role of estrogens in SSc. With the limitation of small sample sizes, women with SSc tend to have lower levels of androgens and non-significantly higher levels of estradiol compared to healthy controls, while in men we found increased levels of estradiol and discordant results for androgens. After menopause the skin score seems to decrease and prevalence of pulmonary artery hypertension seems to rise, which might be prevented by the use of hormone replacement therapy. No recent high-quality trial evaluated the efficacy of hormone-targeting therapies in SSc. CONCLUSIONS: Few translational studies of varying quality evaluated the role of sex hormones in SSc showing possible profibrotic and vasodilatatory effects of estrogens, but more research is needed to elucidate the extent of this contribution. Insights on the influence of sex hormones, along with the availability of new compounds acting on estrogen pathways, might provide ideas for additional studies on the application of sex hormone-targeting therapies in SSc.

10.
Front Immunol ; 10: 1100, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31156645

RESUMO

Antisense long non-coding RNAs (AS lncRNAs) have increasingly been recognized as important regulators of gene expression and they have been found to play key roles in several diseases. However, very little is known about the role of AS lncRNAs in fibrotic diseases such as systemic sclerosis (SSc). Our recent screening experiments by RNA sequencing showed that ovarian tumor domain containing 6B antisense RNA1 (OTUD6B-AS1) and its sense gene OTUD6B were significantly downregulated in SSc skin biopsies. Therefore, we aimed to identify key regulators of OTUD6B-AS1 and to analyze the functional relevance of OTUD6B-AS1 in SSc. OTUD6B-AS1 and OTUD6B expression in SSc and healthy control (HC) dermal fibroblasts (Fb) after stimulation with transforming growth factor-ß (TGFß), Interleukin (IL)-4, IL-13, and platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) was analyzed by qPCR. To identify the functional role of OTUD6B-AS1, dermal Fb or human pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells (HPASMC) were transfected with a locked nucleic acid antisense oligonucleotide (ASO) targeting OTUD6B-AS1. Proliferation was measured by BrdU and real-time proliferation assay. Apoptosis was measured by Caspase 3/7 assay and Western blot for cleaved caspase 3. While no difference was recorded at the basal level between HC and SSc dermal Fb, the expression of OTUD6B-AS1 and OTUD6B was significantly downregulated in both SSc and HC dermal Fb after PDGF stimulation in a time-dependent manner. Only mild and inconsistent effects were observed with TGFß, IL-4, and IL-13. OTUD6B-AS1 knockdown in Fb and HPASMC did not affect extracellular matrix or pro-fibrotic/proinflammatory cytokine production. However, OTUD6B-AS1 knockdown significantly increased Cyclin D1 expression at the mRNA and protein level. Moreover, silencing of OTUD6B-AS1 significantly reduced proliferation and suppressed apoptosis in both dermal Fb and HPASMC. OTUD6B-AS1 knockdown did not affect OTUD6B expression at the mRNA level and protein level. Our data suggest that OTUD6B-AS1 regulates proliferation and apoptosis via cyclin D1 expression in a sense gene independent manner. This is the first report investigating the function of OTUD6B-AS1. Our data shed light on a novel apoptosis resistance mechanism in Fb and vascular smooth muscle cells that might be relevant for pathogenesis of SSc.

12.
J Rheumatol ; 2019 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31043545

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate agreement of the updated European League Against Rheumatism and European Scleroderma Trials and Research group (EUSTAR) recommendations for treatment of systemic sclerosis (SSc) among international experts. In addition, to determine factors that might influence agreement. METHODS: Level of agreement (10-point scale: 0 = not at all, 10 = completely agree) and local drug availability (yes/no) were assessed using an online survey. The Web link to the survey was shared with 481 unique e-mail addresses and SSc networks (Scleroderma Clinical Trials Consortium, Australian Scleroderma Interest Group, International Systemic Sclerosis Inception Cohort). Level of agreement was compared between subgroups stratified for participant characteristics. RESULTS: In total, 263 experts participated, of whom n = 209 (79%) completed each single item. The majority were rheumatologists (n = 200, 76%) working in Europe (n = 185; 71%); 59% (n = 156) were EUSTAR members; and 57% (n = 151) had > 10 years of clinical experience. Overall level of agreement was high (mean 8.0, SD 2.5). The 3 highest mean agreements included (1) angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors for scleroderma renal crisis (9.2, SD 2.1); (2) blood pressure control in SSc-patients treated with corticosteroids (9.0, SD 2.2); (3) proton pump inhibitors to prevent reflux complications (9.0, SD 2.2). The 3 lowest mean agreements included (1) fluoxetine for Raynaud phenomenon (RP; 4.6, SD 2.8); (2) hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) for severe SSc (7.1, SD 2.9); (3) phosphodiesterase inhibitors 5 for RP (7.3, SD 2.7). Agreement differed between Europe and non-Europe for the use of iloprost, bosentan, methotrexate, HSCT, and cyclophosphamide. Treatment availability could partially explain differential agreement for iloprost, bosentan, and HSCT. CONCLUSION: In general, worldwide expert agreement on updated recommendations for treatment of SSc is high, supporting their value. Differences in agreement are partially explained by geographical area and treatment availability.

13.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 4521, 2019 Mar 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30872777

RESUMO

Systemic sclerosis (SSc or scleroderma) is an auto-immune disease characterized by skin fibrosis. While primary cells from patients are considered as a unique resource to better understand human disease biology, the effect of in vitro culture on these cells and their evaluation as a platform to identify disease regulators remain poorly characterized. The goal of our studies was to provide insights into the utility of SSc dermal fibroblast primary cells for therapeutic target discovery. The disease phenotypes of freshly isolated and in vitro cultured SSc dermal fibroblasts were characterized using whole transcriptome profiling, alpha smooth muscle actin (ASMA) expression and cell impedance. SSc dermal fibroblasts retained most of the molecular disease phenotype upon in vitro culture for at least four cell culture passages (approximatively 10 cell doublings). We validated an RNA interference high throughput assay that successfully identified genes affecting the myofibroblast phenotype of SSc skin fibroblasts. These genes included MKL1, RHOA and LOXL2 that were previously proposed as therapeutic anti-fibrotic target, and ITGA5, that has been less studied in fibrosis biology and may be a novel potential modifier of SSc fibroblast biology. Together our results demonstrated the value of carefully-phenotyped SSc dermal fibroblasts as a platform for SSc target and drug discovery.

14.
J Rheumatol ; 46(4): 405-415, 2019 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30824646

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Cardiac involvement is a main cause of mortality in systemic sclerosis (SSc). Its detection remains challenging using conventional echocardiography and little is known about its potential progression. This study assessed changes in cardiac performance over time in a prospective cohort of patients with SSc, including echocardiographic speckle-tracking strain analysis. METHODS: The study included 234 patients with SSc [196 women, age 52 ± 14 yrs, 165 limited SSc, time since diagnosis 5.2 yrs, interquartile range (IQR) 2.9-11.3]. Clinical variables, laboratory tests, pulmonary function tests, and echocardiographic measures were recorded at baseline and followup (median 2.3 yrs, IQR 1.3-3.9). Additionally, left ventricular (LV) systolic function was assessed with global longitudinal strain (GLS) by echocardiographic speckle-tracking analysis. RESULTS: At followup, GLS had significantly worsened (-21% ± 2 vs -19% ± 2, p < 0.001) while LV ejection fraction had not changed (62% ± 7 vs 61% ± 8, p = 0.124). In particular, 39 patients showed a significant deterioration of GLS as defined by a ≥ 15% decrease, which was accompanied by a concomitant worsening of proximal muscle weakness, lung fibrosis, renal function, LV diastolic function, and right ventricular systolic function. Baseline variables associated with ≥ 15% deterioration in GLS were proximal muscle weakness (OR 3.437, 95% CI 1.13-10.43, p = 0.020), decreased DLCO (OR 3.621, 95% CI 1.25-10.51, p = 0.049), and LV diastolic dysfunction (OR 2.378, 95% CI 1.07-5.27, p = 0.033). CONCLUSION: In patients with SSc, progression of LV systolic dysfunction was demonstrated by GLS but not by LV ejection fraction. Proximal muscle weakness, DLCO, and LV diastolic dysfunction may identify patients at risk for progressive LV systolic dysfunction and in need of closer cardiac monitoring.

16.
Clin Rheumatol ; 38(4): 1007-1015, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30448933

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a chronic autoimmune disease with multiorgan involvement. OBJECTIVE: Identify preferences and priorities among patients and health care professionals regarding care for SSc patients in The Netherlands. Develop ideas to improve quality of care. METHODS: A structured approach was followed to collect information from different perspectives to prepare a working conference. Qualitative and quantitative data from patients (n = 650), rheumatologists (n = 167), nurses (n = 51), and health professionals (n = 85) from regional centers and university hospitals were collected. In February 2018, a working conference was organized. Seventy-seven persons (including 10 SSc patients) from different backgrounds discussed the identified themes and survey results. Ideas to improve health care were formulated and prioritized using nominal group technique. RESULTS: Five key themes were identified: (1) shared care and multidisciplinary collaboration, (2) medical data exchange, (3) information for both patients and health care professionals, (4) patient empowerment, and (5) non-pharmacological care. Shared care was the preferred model of care in 49% of patients and 82% of physicians. However, current collaboration structures, especially between hospitals, should be improved. Suggestions for improvements were explicitly formulated agreements about referral, clear task division, treatment coordination, and exploration of novel ways to exchange medical records. The creation of a national web-based information hub was highly prioritized. CONCLUSION: In this mixed-method study, broad-based consensus was achieved and recommendations were developed to improve health care for SSc patients. The approach, recommendations, and challenges summarized in this paper can be of use for health care professionals and other actors involved in patients with rare, chronic, and multisystem conditions.


Assuntos
Necessidades e Demandas de Serviços de Saúde , Assistência Centrada no Paciente/normas , Melhoria de Qualidade , Escleroderma Sistêmico/terapia , Consenso , Feminino , Pessoal de Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Determinação de Necessidades de Cuidados de Saúde
17.
RMD Open ; 4(Suppl 1): e000782, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30402270

RESUMO

Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is an orphan disease characterised by autoimmunity, fibrosis of the skin and internal organs, and vasculopathy. SSc may be associated with high morbidity and mortality. In this narrative review we summarise the results of a systematic literature research, which was performed as part of the European Reference Network on Rare and Complex Connective Tissue and Musculoskeletal Diseases project, aimed at evaluating existing clinical practice guidelines or recommendations. Only in the domains 'Vascular & Ulcers' (ie, non-pharmacological approach to digital ulcer), 'PAH' (ie, screening and treatment), 'Treatment' and 'Juveniles' (ie, evaluation of juveniles with Raynaud's phenomenon) evidence-based and consensus-based guidelines could be included. Hence there is a preponderance of unmet needs in SSc referring to the diagnosis and (non-)pharmacological treatment of several SSc-specific complications. Patients with SSc experience significant uncertainty concerning SSc-related taxonomy, management (both pharmacological and non-pharmacological) and education. Day-to-day impact of the disease (loss of self-esteem, fatigue, sexual dysfunction, and occupational, nutritional and relational problems) is underestimated and needs evaluation.

18.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 36 Suppl 113(4): 53-60, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30183603

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and its determinants in a systemic sclerosis (SSc) multinational inception cohort. We performed a meta-analysis of data from individual countries, and compared the meta-analysis to individual country results by pooling data from each of the countries. METHODS: SSc patients within 2 years of disease onset were recruited from 5 countries participating in the International Systemic Sclerosis Inception Cohort (INSYNC). Data from each country's database were exported for analysis using a harmonised platform. HRQoL was assessed using the Medical Outcomes Short Form-36 (SF-36). Multivariate linear regression assessed associations between HRQoL and predictors in cohorts separately and meta-analyzed to generate pooled estimates. The analyses were repeated using individual patient data. RESULTS: Of the 637 SSc patients recruited, the majority was female (80.2%-83.3%), aged between 52.4-56.7 years with limited cutaneous disease subtype (48.6%-66.7%). HRQoL scores were lower for SSc patients than the general population (SF-36 physical component summary (PCS) score (36.4-39.6), mental component summary (MCS) score (41.0-46.4)). Determinants of SF-36 PCS by meta-analysis included increasing age (ß=-0.1, 95%CI -0.2, -0.01), diffuse cutaneous disease subtype (ß=-8.4, 95%CI -10.6, -6.3), and pulmonary arterial hypertension (ß=-10.9, 95%CI -16.6, -5.3). Increasing age (ß=0.09, 95%CI 0.0, 0.18) was the only variable associated with SF-36 MCS. Analyses using individual patient data revealed similar results to those of the meta-analysis of cohort data. CONCLUSIONS: Our study provides estimates of HRQoL in a large inception SSc cohort and provides evidence that individual patient data analysis is valid in the INSYNC dataset.


Assuntos
Qualidade de Vida , Escleroderma Sistêmico/psicologia , Adulto , Idoso , Austrália/epidemiologia , Canadá/epidemiologia , Efeitos Psicossociais da Doença , Estudos Transversais , Bases de Dados Factuais , Europa (Continente)/epidemiologia , Feminino , Nível de Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Saúde Mental , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Escleroderma Sistêmico/diagnóstico , Escleroderma Sistêmico/epidemiologia , Escleroderma Sistêmico/fisiopatologia
19.
BMJ Open ; 8(8): e020479, 2018 08 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30127049

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is an autoimmune disease characterised by inflammation, fibrosis and vasculopathy. Digital ulcers (DUs) are a frequent manifestation of vasculopathy in patients with SSc. Despite recent advances in pharmacological treatments, DU still have major health and economic implications. As there is currently no proven therapeutic strategy to promote DU healing, new treatments are urgently needed. Mesenchymal stem or stromal cells (MSCs) may provide a novel therapy for DU in SSc, because of their immunomodulatory and vasculoregenerative properties. Allogeneic MSC therapy involves functionally competent MSCs from healthy donors and may be used as 'off-the-shelf' available treatment. This study will evaluate whether allogeneic MSC therapy is a safe and potentially efficacious treatment for DU of SSc. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The MANUS (Mesenchymal stromal cells for Angiogenesis and Neovascularization in digital Ulcers of Systemic Sclerosis) Trial is a double-blind randomised placebo-controlled trial. 20 patients with SSc with refractory DU will be randomised to receive eight intramuscular injections with either placebo or 50*106 MSCs. The primary outcome is the toxicity of the treatment at 12 weeks after administration. Secondary outcomes include (serious) adverse events, number and time to healing of DU, pain, reported hand function, quality of life and SSc disease activity. We will also evaluate changes in nailfold capillaroscopy pattern, as well as biochemical parameters and biomarkers in peripheral blood and skin biopsies. Follow-up visits will be scheduled at 48 hours and 2, 4, 8, 12, 24 and 52 weeks post-treatment. If the results confirm safety, feasibility and potential efficacy, a large multicentre randomised controlled trial with longer follow-up will be initiated focusing on efficacy. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: The study has been approved by the Dutch Central Committee on Research Concerning Human Subjects (protocol no: NL51705.000.15). The results will be disseminated through patient associations and conventional scientific channels. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT03211793; Pre-results.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Escleroderma Sistêmico/complicações , Úlcera Cutânea/cirurgia , Adulto , Aloenxertos , Protocolos Clínicos , Método Duplo-Cego , Humanos , Injeções Intramusculares , Transplante de Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/efeitos adversos , Transplante de Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/métodos , Úlcera Cutânea/etiologia
20.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 36 Suppl 113(4): 109-117, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30148428

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the additive value of autoantibodies in identifying systemic sclerosis (SSc) patients with high complication risk. METHODS: Patients entering the Combined Care In SSc cohort, Leiden University Medical Centre between April 2009 and May 2016 were included. Subgroups of patients were determined using hierarchical clustering, performed on Principal Component Analysis scores, 1) using baseline data of demographic and clinical variables only and 2) with additional use of antibody status. Disease-risk within subgroups was assessed by evaluating 5-year mortality rates. Clinical and autoantibody characteristics of obtained subgroups were compared. RESULTS: In total 407 SSc patients were included, of which 91% (n=371) fulfilled ACR/EULAR 2013 criteria for SSc. Prevalences of autoantibodies were: anti-centromere 37%, anti-topoisomerase (ATA) 24%, anti-RNA polymerase III 5%, anti-fibrillarin 4% and anti-Pm/Scl 5%. Clinical cluster analysis identified 4 subgroups, with two subgroups showing higher than average mortality (resp. 17% and 7% vs. total group mortality of 4%). ATA-positivity ranged from 10 to 21% in low-risk groups and from 30 to 49% among high-risk groups. Adding autoantibody status to the cluster process resulted in 5 subgroups with 3 showing higher than average mortality. Still, 22% of ATA- positive patients were clustered into a low-risk subgroup, while the total number of patients stratified to a high-risk subgroup increased. CONCLUSIONS: Autoantibodies only partially contribute to risk-stratification and clinical subsetting in SSc. The current findings confirm that not all ATA-positive patients have worse prognosis and as such, additional biomarkers are needed to guide clinical follow-up in SSc.


Assuntos
Autoanticorpos/imunologia , Escleroderma Sistêmico/diagnóstico , Escleroderma Sistêmico/imunologia , Adulto , Idoso , Autoanticorpos/sangue , Biomarcadores/sangue , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Escleroderma Sistêmico/sangue , Escleroderma Sistêmico/mortalidade , Fatores de Tempo
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