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1.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 10(22): e023199, 2021 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34755532

RESUMO

Background The long-term burden of cardiovascular disease after repair of coarctation of the aorta (CoA) has not been elucidated. We aimed to determine the incidence of and risk factors for cardiovascular events in adult patients with repaired CoA. Additionally, mortality rates were compared between adults with repaired CoA and the general population. Methods and Results Using the Dutch Congenital Corvitia (CONCOR) registry, patients aged ≥16 years with previous surgical or transcatheter CoA repair from 5 tertiary referral centers were included. Cardiovascular events were recorded, comprising coronary artery disease, stroke/transient ischemic attack, aortic complications, arrhythmias, heart failure hospitalizations, endocarditis, and cardiovascular death. In total, 920 patients (median age, 24 years [range 16-74 years]) were included. After a mean follow-up of 9.3±5.1 years, 191 patients (21%) experienced at least 1 cardiovascular event. A total of 270 cardiovascular events occurred, of which aortic complications and arrhythmias were most frequent. Older age at initial CoA repair (hazard ratio [HR], 1.017; 95% CI, 1.000-1.033 [P=0.048]) and elevated left ventricular mass index (HR, 1.009; 95% CI, 1.005-1.013 [P<0.001]) were independently associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular events. The mortality rate was 3.3 times higher than expected based on an age- and sex-matched cohort from the Dutch general population (standardized mortality ratio, 3.3; 95% CI, 2.3-4.4 [P<0.001]). Conclusions This large, prospective cohort of adults with repaired CoA showed a high burden of cardiovascular events, particularly aortic complications and arrhythmias, during long-term follow-up. Older age at initial CoA repair and elevated left ventricular mass index were independent risk factors for the occurrence of cardiovascular events. Mortality was 3.3-fold higher compared with the general population. These results advocate stringent follow-up after CoA repair and emphasize the need for improved preventive strategies.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34766734

RESUMO

AIMS: We evaluated the occurrence and physiology of respiration-related beat-to-beat variations in resting Pd/Pa and FFR during intravenous adenosine administration, and its impact on clinical decision-making. METHODS AND RESULTS: Coronary pressure tracings in rest and at plateau hyperemia were analyzed in a total of 39 stenosis from 37 patients, and respiratory rate was calculated with ECG-derived respiration (EDR) in 26 stenoses from 26 patients. Beat-to-beat variations in FFR occurred in a cyclical fashion and were strongly correlated with respiratory rate (R2  = 0.757, p < 0.001). There was no correlation between respiratory rate and variations in resting Pd/Pa. When single-beat averages were used to calculate FFR, mean ΔFFR was 0.04 ± 0.02. With averaging of FFR over three or five cardiac cycles, mean ΔFFR decreased to 0.02 ± 0.02, and 0.01 ± 0.01, respectively. Using a FFR ≤ 0.80 threshold, stenosis classification changed in 20.5% (8/39), 12.8% (5/39) and 5.1% (2/39) for single-beat, three-beat and five-beat averaged FFR. The impact of respiration was more pronounced in patients with pulmonary disease (ΔFFR 0.05 ± 0.02 vs 0.03 ± 0.02, p = 0.021). CONCLUSION: Beat-to-beat variations in FFR during plateau hyperemia related to respiration are common, of clinically relevant magnitude, and frequently lead FFR to cross treatment thresholds. A five-beat averaged FFR, overcomes clinically relevant impact of FFR variation.

3.
JACC Case Rep ; 3(14): 1589-1593, 2021 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34729507

RESUMO

This report describes the case of a symptomatic patient with a right coronary artery fistula draining into the coronary sinus who underwent transcatheter closure, which was deployed in the drainage site to seal off the exit of the fistula. (Level of Difficulty: Advanced.).

4.
J Invasive Cardiol ; 33(10): E823-E832, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34609327

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To analyze the effect of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) before transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) on all-cause and cardiovascular mortality after TAVR, differentiating between significant proximal lesions and the non-proximal (residual) lesions. METHODS: An institutional TAVR database was complemented with data on the extent of coronary artery disease (CAD), lesion location, lesion severity, and the location of PCI. Survival analysis was performed to investigate the impact on 6-month and 3-year mortality after TAVR in all patients and in subgroups of patients with significant proximal lesions (>70% diameter stenosis [DS], >50% DS in left main), the non-proximal residual lesions, and in a propensity score matched cohort. RESULTS: Among the 577 included patients, mean age was 83 years, 50% were female, and 31% had diabetes mellitus. Preprocedural PCI of unselected lesions was independently associated with increased 6-month mortality (hazard ratio, 2.2; 95% confidence interval, 1.0-4.6; P=.04), but selective PCI of significant proximal lesions did not have an association with higher mortality, nor did we find a significant effect of PCI on mortality in the propensity-matched cohort. CONCLUSION: Routine pre-TAVR PCI is not associated with mortality reduction in TAVR patients with coronary lesions in any segment or in patients with proximal coronary lesions. Despite the lack of a beneficial effect of routine pre-TAVR PCI, we cannot exclude a beneficial effect in a selection of patients with proximal lesions. Therefore, we strongly support the current clinical guidelines to only consider pre-TAVR PCI in proximal coronary lesions, while advocating a restrictive pre-TAVR PCI strategy.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica , Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Fatores de Risco , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 18946, 2021 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34556709

RESUMO

Plasma osteoprotegerin (OPG) and vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) derived extracellular vesicles (EVs) are important regulators in the process of vascular calcification (VC). In population studies, high levels of OPG are associated with events. In animal studies, however, high OPG levels result in reduction of VC. VSMC-derived EVs are assumed to be responsible for OPG transport and VC but this role has not been studied. For this, we investigated the association between OPG in plasma and circulating EVs with coronary artery calcium (CAC) as surrogate for VC in symptomatic patients. We retrospectively assessed 742 patients undergoing myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI). CAC scores were determined on the MPI-CT images using a previously developed automated algorithm. Levels of OPG were quantified in plasma and two EV-subpopulations (LDL and TEX), using an electrochemiluminescence immunoassay. Circulating levels of OPG were independently associated with CAC scores in plasma; OR 1.39 (95% CI 1.17-1.65), and both EV populations; EV-LDL; OR 1.51 (95% CI 1.27-1.80) and EV-TEX; OR 1.21 (95% CI 1.02-1.42). High levels of OPG in plasma were independently associated with CAC scores in this symptomatic patient cohort. High levels of EV-derived OPG showed the same positive association with CAC scores, suggesting that EV-derived OPG mirrors the same pathophysiological process as plasma OPG.

6.
EuroIntervention ; 2021 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34483094

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Absorb bioresorbable vascular scaffold (BVS) related events have been reported between 1 and 3 years - the period of active scaffold bioresorption. Data on the performance of Absorb BVS in daily clinical practice beyond this time point is scarce. AIMS: This report provides the final five-year clinical follow-up of the Absorb BVS in comparison with Xience everolimus-eluting stent (EES). In addition, we evaluated the effect of prolonged dual-antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) administration on events in the scaffold group. METHODS: AIDA was a multicentre, investigator-initiated, non-inferiority trial, in which 1,845 unselected patients with coronary artery disease were randomly assigned to either Absorb BVS (n=924) or Xience EES (n=921). Target vessel failure (TVF), composite of cardiac death, target vessel myocardial infarction or target vessel revascularisation, was the primary endpoint. Scaffold thrombosis cases were matched with controls and tested for effect of prolonged DAPT. RESULTS: Through 5 years follow-up, there was no difference in TVF between Absorb BVS (17.7%) and Xience EES (16.1%) (hazard ratio 1.31, 95% CI 0.90-1.41, p=0.302). Definite or probable device thrombosis (DT) occurred in 43 patients (4.8%) of the scaffold group compared to 13 patients (1.5%) of the stent group (hazard ratio 3.32; 95% CI 1.78-6.17; p<0.001). DT between 3- and 4-years occurred six times in Absorb-arm versus three in Xience-arm. Between 4- and 5-years the incidence was 3 versus 2, respectively. Of those three DT in scaffold group, two occurred in Xience EES treated lesions. The odds ratio of scaffold thrombosis in patients on DAPT compared to off DAPT throughout 5-year follow-up was 0.36 (95% CI 0.15-0.86). CONCLUSIONS: The excess risk of Absorb BVS on late adverse events, in particular device thrombosis, in routine PCI continues up to 4-years and seems to plateau afterwards.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34503909

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Medical and/or economic reasons sometimes necessitate the staging of percutaneous coronary intervention (SPCI) procedures in patients with complex coronary artery disease; however, the impact of this on very long-term outcomes is unknown. The aim of the present study is to assess 10-year all-cause mortality in patients with the three-vessel disease (3VD) and/or left main disease (LM) undergoing SPCI. METHODS: This is a sub-analysis of patients undergoing SPCI in the SYNTAXES study, which investigated 10-year all-cause mortality in patients with 3VD and/or LM in the randomized SYNTAX trial, beyond its original 5-year follow-up. An SPCI was allowed within 72 h or, if renal insufficiency or contrast-induced nephropathy occurred, within 14 days of the index procedure. Mortality was compared between patients having SPCI versus those not having SPCI or undergoing CABG. PCI patients were further stratified according to 3VD or LM. RESULTS: In the SYNTAX PCI population (overall: n = 903, 3VD: n = 546, LM: n = 357), 125 (13.8%) patients underwent SPCI. Patients with SPCI had a higher 10-year mortality compared to those who didn't (40.0% vs 26.6%; hazard ratio [HR] 1.69; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.23-2.32; p < 0.01) and those having CABG(40.0% vs 24.5%; HR 1.85; 95%CI 1.35-2.53; p < 0.01). Patients having SPCI with 3VD (n = 103) or LM (n = 22) had higher mortality than respective patients not having SPCI (3VD: 37.4% vs 27.1%; HR 1.52; 95%CI 1.05-2.21; p = 0.03 and LM: 51.8% vs 25.9%; HR 2.39; 95%CI 1.27-4.47; p = 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: At 10-year follow-up, SPCI was associated with higher mortality than single-session PCI, so that CABG may be preferable if a staged procedure is anticipated.

8.
Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg ; 62(5): 705-715, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34511318

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Patients undergoing carotid endarterectomy (CEA) maintain a substantial residual risk of major cardiovascular events (MACE). Improved risk stratification is warranted to select high risk patients qualifying for secondary add on therapy. Plasma extracellular vesicles (EVs) are involved in atherothrombotic processes and their content has been related to the presence and recurrence of cardiovascular events. The association between pre-operative levels of five cardiovascular disease related proteins in plasma EVs and the post-operative risk of MACE was assessed. METHODS: In 864 patients undergoing CEA from 2002 to 2016 included in the Athero-Express biobank, three plasma EV subfractions (low density lipoprotein [LDL], high density lipoprotein [HDL], and tiny extracellular vesicles [TEX]) were isolated from pre-operative blood samples. Using an electrochemiluminescence immunoassay, five proteins were quantified in each EV subfraction: cystatin C, serpin C1, serpin G1, serpin F2, and CD14. The association between EV protein levels and the three year post-operative risk of MACE (any stroke, myocardial infarction, or cardiovascular death) was evaluated using multivariable Cox proportional hazard regression analyses. RESULTS: During a median follow up of three years (interquartile range 2.2 - 3.0), 137 (16%) patients developed MACE. In the HDL-EV subfraction, increased levels of CD14, cystatin C, serpin F2, and serpin C1 were associated with an increased risk of MACE (adjusted hazard ratios per one standard deviation increase of 1.30, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.15-1.48; 1.22, 95% CI 1.06-1.42; 1.36, 95% CI 1.16-1.61; and 1.29, 95% CI 1.10-1.51; respectively), independently of cardiovascular risk factors. No significant associations were found for serpin G1. CD14 improved the predictive value of the clinical model encompassing cardiovascular risk factors (net re-classification index = 0.16, 95% CI 0.08-0.21). CONCLUSION: EV derived pre-operative plasma levels of cystatin C, serpin C1, CD14, and serpin F2 were independently associated with an increased long term risk of MACE after CEA and are thus markers for residual cardiovascular risk. EV derived CD14 levels could improve the identification of high risk patients who may benefit from secondary preventive add on therapy in order to reduce future risk of MACE.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34303625

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: The Lipid Rich Plaque (LRP) study demonstrated the association between coronary plaque lipid content and outcomes. In this LRP substudy, we assessed the impact of optimal medical therapy (OMT) on the occurrence of non-culprit major adverse cardiac events (NC-MACE). Advanced intracoronary imaging modalities are able to identify patients with vulnerable coronary lesion morphology associated with future events. METHODS/MATERIALS: A total of 1270 patients who underwent cardiac catheterization for suspected coronary artery disease (CAD) with evaluable maxLCBI4mm in non-culprit vessels and known medical therapy after discharge were followed for 2 years. OMT was defined as the use of a statin and dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT). RESULTS: Among the 1270 patients included in this substudy, 1110 (87.7%) had PCI for an index event, and 1014 (80%) patients received OMT. Estimated cumulative incidence functions of NC-MACE did not differ significantly between patients treated with or without OMT (log-rank p-value = 0.876). In patients labeled high risk (maxLCBI4mm > 400), cumulative incidence function also did not differ between patients treated with vs without OMT (log-rank p-value = 0.19). CONCLUSIONS: In the current LRP analysis, we could not identify a beneficial effect of OMT in the reduction of NC-MACE rate, even in patients with high-risk plaques during 24-month follow-up.

10.
JACC Case Rep ; 3(2): 217-219, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34317505
11.
Catheter Cardiovasc Interv ; 98(5): E661-E667, 2021 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34263520

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We aimed to explore the impact of time to percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) (T2P) on 1-year mortality in non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) patients. BACKGROUND: The current guidelines recommend an early invasive strategy for NSTEMI patients. However, impact of an early invasive strategy on mortality is a matter of debate. For that reason, real world data are of great value to determine the optimal treatment window. METHODS: This retrospective single center cohort study was performed in a high-volume PCI center in Amsterdam, The Netherlands. Intermediate- and high-risk NSTEMI patients undergoing PCI were included. The main discriminant was timing of PCI after admission (T2P), stratified according to different time windows (<24 h, 24-72 h, 72 h-7 days or >7 days). We analyzed 1-year mortality and the time distribution of overall survival. RESULTS: In total, 848 patients treated between January 1, 2016 and January 1, 2018 were included in the analysis. T2P was <24 h in 145 patients, 24-72 h in 192 patients, 72 h-7 days in 275 patients, and >7 days in 236 patients. The mean GRACE-risk score was 127.1 (SD 28.7), 130.0 (33.1), 133.8 (32.1), and 148.7 (34.6) respectively, p = <0.001. After adjusting for confounders, 1-year mortality in patients with T2P <24 h did not significantly differ when compared with T2P 24-72 h (OR = 1.08; 95% CI = 0.33-3.51) and T2P 72 h-7 days (OR 1.72; 95% CI = 0.57-5.21) but was significantly higher in T2P >7 days (OR = 3.20; 95% CI = 1.06-9.68). CONCLUSIONS: In an unselected cohort of patients with NSTEMI, treatment by PCI <24 h did not lead to improved survival as compared to aT2P <7 days strategy. Delay in PCI >7 days after admission resulted in worse outcome.

12.
EuroIntervention ; 2021 Jul 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34278989

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Xeltis biorestorative transcatheter heart valve (BTHV) leaflets are made from an eletrospun bioabsorbable supramolecular polycarbonate-urethane and are mounted on a self-expanding nitinol frame. Acute hemodynamic performance of this BTHV was favorable. AIMS: We sought to demonstrate preclinical feasibility of a novel BTHV by evaluating the hemodynamic performances of 5 pilot valve designs up to 12 months in a chronic ovine model. METHODS: Five design iterations (A, B, B', C, and D) of the BTHV were transapically implanted in 46 sheep; chronic data were available in 39 animals. Assessments were performed at implantation, 3-, 6-, and 12-months including quantitative aortography, echocardiography, and histology. RESULTS: At 12-months, greater than or equal to moderate AR on echocardiography was seen in 0%, 100%, 33.3%, 100%, and 0% in the iterations A, B, B', C, and D, respectively. Furthermore, transprosthetic mean gradients on echocardiography was 10.0±2.8mmHg, 19.0±1.0mmHg, 8.0±1.7mmHg, 26.8±2.4mmHg, and 11.2±4.1mmHg, and effective orifice area was 0.7±0.3cm2, 1.1±0.3cm2, 1.5±1.0cm2, 1.5±0.6cm2, and 1.0±0.4cm2 in the iterations A, B, B', C, and D, respectively. On pathological evaluation, the iteration D demonstrated generally intact leaflets and advanced tissue coverage, while different degrees of structural deterioration were observed in the other design iterations. CONCLUSIONS: Several leaflet material iterations were compared for potential to demonstrate endogenous tissue restoration in an aortic valve in-vivo. The most promising iteration showed intact leaflets and acceptable hemodynamic performance at 12 months, illustrating the potential of BTHV.

13.
EuroIntervention ; 2021 Jul 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34278990

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Coronary vasomotor dysfunction can be diagnosed in a large proportion of patients with angina in the presence of non-obstructive coronary artery disease (ANOCA) using comprehensive protocols for coronary vasomotor function testing. Although consensus on diagnostic criteria for endotypes of coronary vasomotor dysfunction have been published, consensus on a standardised study testing protocol is lacking. AIMS: In this review we provide an overview of the variations in coronary vasomotor function testing used and discuss the practical principles and pitfalls of coronary vasomotor function testing. METHODS: For the purpose of this review we assessed study protocols that evaluate coronary vasomotor response as reported in the literature. We compared these protocols regarding a number of procedural aspects and chose six examples to highlight the differences and uniqueness. RESULTS: Currently, numerous protocols co-exist and vary in vascular domains tested, the manner to test these domains (e.g. pre-procedural discontinuation of medication, provocative agent, solution, infusion time, and target artery) and techniques used for measurements (e.g. doppler vs thermodilution technique). CONCLUSIONS: This lack of consensus on a uniform functional testing protocol hampers both a broader clinical acceptance of the concepts of coronary vasomotor dysfunction, and the widespread adoption of such testing protocols in current clinical practice. Furthermore, the endotype of coronary vasomotor dysfunction might differ between the few specialised centres that perform coronary vasomotor function testing as a result of the use of different protocols. In this review we provide an overview of the variations in coronary vasomotor function testing used and discuss the practical principles and pitfalls of coronary vasomotor function testing.

14.
Circulation ; 144(2): 96-109, 2021 Jul 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34011163

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ten-year all-cause death according to incomplete (IR) versus complete revascularization (CR) has not been fully investigated in patients with 3-vessel disease and left main coronary artery disease undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) versus coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). METHODS: The SYNTAX Extended Survival study (Synergy Between PCI With TAXUS and Cardiac Surgery: SYNTAX Extended Survival [SYNTAXES]) evaluated vital status up to 10 years in patients who were originally enrolled in the SYNTAX trial. In the present substudy, outcomes of the CABG CR group were compared with the CABG IR, PCI CR, and PCI IR groups. In addition, in the PCI cohort, the residual SYNTAX score (rSS) was used to quantify the extent of IR and to assess its association with fatal late outcome. The rSS of 0 suggests CR, whereas a rSS>0 identifies the degree of IR. RESULTS: IR was more frequently observed in patients with PCI versus CABG (56.6% versus 36.8%) and more common in those with 3-vessel disease than left main coronary artery disease in both the PCI arm (58.5% versus 53.8%) and the CABG arm (42.8% versus 27.5%). Patients undergoing PCI with CR had no significant difference in 10-year all-cause death compared with those undergoing CABG (22.2% for PCI with CR versus 24.3% for CABG with IR versus 23.8% for CABG with CR). In contrast, those with PCI and IR had a significantly higher risk of all-cause death at 10 years compared with CABG and CR (33.5% versus 23.7%; adjusted hazard ratio, 1.48 [95% CI, 1.15-1.91]). When patients with PCI were stratified according to the rSS, those with a rSS≤8 had no significant difference in all-cause death at 10 years as the other terciles (22.2% for rSS=0 versus 23.9% for rSS>0-4 versus 28.9% for rSS>4-8), whereas a rSS>8 had a significantly higher risk of 10-year all-cause death than those undergoing PCI with CR (50.1% versus 22.2%; adjusted hazard ratio, 3.40 [95% CI, 2.13-5.43]). CONCLUSIONS: IR is common after PCI, and the degree of incompleteness was associated with 10-year mortality. If it is unlikely that complete (or nearly complete; rSS<8) revascularization can be achieved with PCI in patients with 3-vessel disease, CABG should be considered. Registration: URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov; Unique identifier: NCT00114972. URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov; Unique identifier: NCT03417050.

17.
Cardiology ; 146(2): 263-271, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33550295

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: An increased focus on shared decision-making and patient empowerment in cardiology and on patient outcomes such as quality of life (QoL), depression, and anxiety underline the importance of high-quality patient education. Studies focusing on digital means of patient education performed in other disciplines of medicine demonstrated its positive effect in these areas. Therefore, a review of the current literature was performed to (i) evaluate the status of innovative, digitalized means of patient education in cardiology and (ii) assess the impact of digital patient education on outcome parameters (i.e., patient knowledge (or health literacy), QoL, depression, anxiety, and patient satisfaction). METHOD: A review of the current literature was performed to evaluate the effect of digitalized patient education for any purpose in the field of cardiology. Medline and EMBASE were searched for articles reporting any digital educational platform used for patient education up to May 2020. The articles were compared on their effect on patient knowledge or health literacy, QoL, depression or anxiety, and patient satisfaction. RESULTS: The initial search yielded 279 articles, 34 of which were retained after applying in, and exclusion criteria. After full-text analysis, the total number of articles remaining was 16. Of these, 6 articles discussed the use of smartphone or tablet applications as a means of patient education, whereas 3 reviewed web-based content, and 7 evaluated the use of video (2 three-dimensional videos, from which one on a virtual reality headset). CONCLUSION: This review demonstrates that digital patient education increases patient knowledge. Overall, digital education increases QoL and lowers feelings of depression and anxiety. The majority of patients express satisfaction with digital platforms. It remains important that developers of digital patient education platforms remain focused on clear, structured, and comprehensible information presentation.


Assuntos
Cardiologia , Letramento em Saúde , Humanos , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto , Qualidade de Vida , Smartphone
18.
Cardiovasc Drugs Ther ; 35(2): 309-320, 2021 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33515411

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The COMBO biodegradable polymer sirolimus-eluting stent includes endothelial progenitor cell capture (EPC) technology for rapid endothelialization, which may offer advantage in acute coronary syndromes (ACS). We sought to analyze the performance of the COMBO stent by ACS status and ACS subtype. METHODS: The COMBO collaboration (n = 3614) is a patient-level pooled dataset from the MASCOT and REMEDEE registries. We evaluated outcomes by ACS status, and ACS subtype in patients with ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) or non-STEMI (NSTEMI) versus unstable angina (UA). The primary endpoint was 1-year target lesion failure (TLF), composite of cardiac death, target vessel myocardial infarction, or clinically driven target lesion revascularization. Secondary outcomes included stent thrombosis (ST). RESULTS: We compared 1965 (54%) ACS and 1649 (46.0%) non-ACS patients. ACS presentations included 40% (n = 789) STEMI, 31% (n = 600) NSTEMI, and 29% (n = 576) UA patients. Risk of 1-year TLF was greater in ACS patients (4.5% vs. 3.3%, HR 1.51 95% CI 1.01-2.25, p = 0.045) without significant differences in definite/probable ST (1.1% vs 0.5%, HR 2.40, 95% CI 0.91-6.31, p = 0.08). One-year TLF was similar in STEMI, NSTEMI, and UA (4.8% vs 4.8% vs. 3.7%, p = 0.60), but definite/probable ST was higher in STEMI patients (1.9% vs 0.5% vs 0.7%, p = 0.03). Adjusted outcomes were not different in MI versus UA patients. CONCLUSIONS: Despite the novel EPC capture technology, COMBO stent PCI was associated with somewhat greater risk of 1-year TLF in ACS than in non-ACS patients, without significant differences in stent thrombosis. No differences were observed in 1-year TLF among ACS subtypes.

19.
Heart Rhythm ; 18(5): 785-792, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33465514

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sudden cardiac death (SCD) is the main preventable cause of death in patients with adult congenital heart disease (ACHD). Since robust risk stratification methods are lacking, we developed a risk score model to predict SCD in patients with ACHD: the PRospEctiVE study on implaNTable cardIOverter defibrillator therapy and suddeN cardiac death in Adults with Congenital Heart Disease (PREVENTION-ACHD) risk score model. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to prospectively study predicted SCD risk using the PREVENTION-ACHD risk score model and actual SCD and sustained ventricular tachycardia/ventricular fibrillation (VT/VF) rates in patients with ACHD. METHODS: The PREVENTION-ACHD risk score model assigns 1 point each to coronary artery disease, New York Heart Association class II/III heart failure, supraventricular tachycardia, systemic ejection fraction < 40%, subpulmonary ejection fraction < 40%, QRS duration ≥ 120 ms, and QT dispersion ≥ 70 ms. SCD risk was calculated for each patient. An annual predicted risk of ≥3% constituted high risk. The primary outcome was SCD or VT/VF after 2 years. The secondary outcome was SCD. RESULTS: The study included 783 consecutive patients with ACHD (n=239 (31%) left-sided lesions; n=138 (18%) tetralogy of Fallot; n=108 (14%) closed atrial septal defect; median age 36 years; interquartile range 28-47 years; n=401 (51%) men). The PREVENTION-ACHD risk score model identified 58 high-risk patients. Eight patients (4 at high risk) experienced the primary outcome. The Kaplan-Meier estimates were 7% (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.1%-13.3%) in the high-risk group and 0.6% (95% CI 0.0%-1.1%) in the low-risk group (hazard ratio 12.5; 95% CI 3.1-50.9; P < .001). The risk score model's sensitivity was 0.5 and specificity 0.93, resulting in a C-statistic of 0.75 (95% CI 0.57-0.90). The hazard ratio for SCD was 12.4 (95% CI 1.8-88.1) (P = .01); the sensitivity and specificity were 0.5 and 0.92, and the C-statistic was 0.81 (95% CI 0.67-0.95). CONCLUSION: The PREVENTION-ACHD risk score model provides greater accuracy in SCD or VT/VF risk stratification as compared with current guideline indications and identifies patients with ACHD who may benefit from preventive implantable cardioverter-defibrillator implantation.

20.
Catheter Cardiovasc Interv ; 98(3): E427-E435, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33458911

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the course of tricuspid regurgitation (TR) after transcatheter mitral valve repair (TMVR), identify predictors for severe TR after TMVR and determine the association of severe TR after TMVR with outcome. BACKGROUND: TR is often present in patients with symptomatic mitral regurgitation (MR) and is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. The clinical course of TR after TMVR has not been clearly determined. METHODS: Patients that underwent TMVR between 2009 and 2017 were included. Clinical data were compared between patients with and without severe TR at 6 months after TMVR. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to identify predictors for severe TR after TMVR. Survival analysis was done for both groups, using the Kaplan-Meier method. RESULTS: A total of 146 patients were included (mean age 76 years, 51% male, 79% New York Heart Association class ≥3 and 29% severe TR at baseline). Advanced age, atrial fibrillation (AF), right ventricular (RV) dysfunction, and limited procedural MR reduction were revealed as independent predictors for severe TR after TMVR. Survival of patients with severe TR after TMVR was 58% after 2 years compared to 82% for those with non, mild or moderate TR. CONCLUSIONS: Severe TR after TMVR is common in patients at advanced age, those with AF, RV dysfunction and limited MR reduction during TMVR and is associated with impaired survival. As the associated parameters are indicators of longstanding MR, research investigating the benefits of earlier intervention in MR should be initiated.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide , Idoso , Feminino , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Masculino , Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/etiologia , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/cirurgia
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