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1.
PLoS One ; 17(1): e0260770, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34995276

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is used increasingly for revascularization of unprotected left main coronary artery (LMCA) disease. Observational studies and subgroup analyses from clinical trials, have suggested a possible benefit from the use of intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) guidance when performing unprotected LMCA PCI. However, the value of imaging with IVUS has never been proven in an appropriately powered randomized clinical trial. The OPtimizaTIon of Left MAin PCI With IntravascuLar Ultrasound (OPTIMAL) trial has been designed to establish whether IVUS-guided PCI optimization on LMCA is associated with superior clinical outcomes when compared with standard qualitative angiography-guided PCI. METHODS: The OPTIMAL trial is a randomized, multicenter, international study designed to enroll a total of 800 patients undergoing PCI for unprotected LMCA disease. Patients will be randomized in a 1:1 fashion to IVUS-guided PCI versus angiogram-guided PCI. In patients allocated to the angiogram-guided arm, use of IVUS is discouraged, unless there are safety concerns. In patients allocated to the IVUS guidance arm, pre-procedural IVUS assessment is highly recommended, whilst post-procedural IVUS assessment is mandatory to confirm appropriate stenting result and/or to guide stent result optimization, according to predefined criteria. Patients will be followed up to 2 years after the index procedure. The primary outcome measure is the Academic Research Consortium (ARC) patient-oriented composite endpoint (PoCE) which includes all-cause death, any stroke, any myocardial infarction and any repeat revascularization at 2 years follow-up. DISCUSSION: The OPTIMAL trial aims to provide definitive evidence about the clinical impact of IVUS-guidance during PCI to an unprotected LMCA. It is anticipated by the investigators, that an IVUS-guided strategy will be associated with less clinical events compared to a strategy guided by angiogram alone. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT04111770. Registered on October 1, 2019.

2.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 14(22): 2490-2499, 2021 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34794656

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare, in a cohort of patients with complex coronary artery disease (CAD) and severe aortic stenosis (AS), the clinical outcomes associated with transfemoral transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) (plus percutaneous coronary intervention [PCI]) versus surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) (plus coronary artery bypass grafting [CABG]). BACKGROUND: Patients with complex CAD were excluded from the main randomized trials comparing TAVR with SAVR, and no data exist comparing TAVR + PCI vs SAVR + CABG in such patients. METHODS: A multicenter study was conducted including consecutive patients with severe AS and complex CAD (SYNTAX [Synergy Between PCI with Taxus and Cardiac Surgery] score >22 or unprotected left main disease). A 1:1 propensity-matched analysis was performed to account for unbalanced covariates. The rates of major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (MACCE), including all-cause mortality, nonprocedural myocardial infarction, need for new coronary revascularization, and stroke, were evaluated. RESULTS: A total of 800 patients (598 undergoing SAVR + CABG and 202 undergoing transfemoral TAVR + PCI) were included, and after propensity matching, a total of 156 pairs of patients were generated. After a median follow-up period of 3 years (interquartile range: 1-6 years), there were no significant differences between groups for MACCE (HR for transfemoral TAVR vs SAVR: 1.33; 95% CI: 0.89-1.98), all-cause mortality (HR: 1.25; 95% CI: 0.81-1.94), myocardial infarction (HR: 1.16; 95% CI: 0.41-3.27), and stroke (HR: 0.42; 95% CI: 0.13-1.32), but there was a higher rate of new coronary revascularization in the TAVR + PCI group (HR: 5.38; 95% CI: 1.73-16.7). CONCLUSIONS: In patients with severe AS and complex CAD, TAVR + PCI and SAVR + CABG were associated with similar rates of MACCE after a median follow-up period of 3 years, but TAVR + PCI recipients exhibited a higher risk for repeat coronary revascularization. Future trials are warranted.

3.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 78(21): 2060-2072, 2021 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34794687

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The optimal duration of dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) among patients at high bleeding risk (HBR) is unknown. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this analysis was to compare 1 vs 3 months of DAPT in HBR patients undergoing drug-eluting stent implantation. METHODS: The XIENCE Short DAPT program comprised 3 prospective, multicenter, single-arm studies of HBR patients treated with a short DAPT course followed by aspirin monotherapy after PCI with a cobalt-chromium everolimus-eluting stent. In this exploratory analysis, patients who received 1-month DAPT (XIENCE 28 USA and 28 Global) were compared with those on 3-month DAPT (XIENCE 90) using propensity score stratification. Ischemic and bleeding outcomes were assessed between 1 and 12 months after index PCI. RESULTS: A total of 3,652 patients were enrolled and 1,392 patients after 1-month DAPT and 1,972 patients after 3-month DAPT were eligible for the analyses. The primary endpoint of all-cause mortality or myocardial infarction was similar between the 2 groups (7.3% vs 7.5%; difference -0.2%; 95% CI: -2.2% to 1.7%; P = 0.41). The key secondary endpoint of BARC (Bleeding Academic Research Consortium) type 2-5 bleeding was lower with 1-month DAPT compared with 3-month DAPT (7.6% vs 10.0%; difference -2.5%; 95% CI: -4.6% to -0.3%; P = 0.012). Major BARC type 3-5 bleeding did not differ at 12 months (3.6% vs 4.7%; difference -1.1%; 95% CI: -2.6% to 0.4%; P = 0.082), but was lower with 1-month DAPT at 90 days (1.0% vs 2.1%; P = 0.015). CONCLUSIONS: Among HBR patients undergoing PCI, 1 month of DAPT, compared with 3 months of DAPT, was associated with similar ischemic outcomes and lower bleeding risk. (XIENCE 90 Study; NCT03218787; XIENCE 28 USA Study; NCT03815175; XIENCE 28 Global Study; NCT03355742).

4.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 10(20): e018828, 2021 10 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34622669

RESUMO

Background New-generation drug-eluting stents (DES) reduce target-vessel revascularization compared with bare-metal stents (BMS), and recent data suggest that DES have the potential to decrease the risk of myocardial infarction and cardiovascular mortality. We evaluated the treatment effect of DES versus BMS according to the target artery (left anterior descending [LAD] and/or left main [LM] versus other territories [no-LAD/LM]). Methods and Results The Coronary Stent Trialist (CST) Collaboration gathered individual patient data of randomized trials of DES versus BMS for the treatment of coronary artery disease. The primary outcome was the composite of cardiac death or myocardial infarction. Hazard ratios (HRs) with 95% CIs were derived from a 1-stage individual patient data meta-analysis. We included 26 024 patients across 19 trials: 13 650 (52.4%) in the LAD/LM and 12 373 (47.6%) in the no-LAD/LM group. At 6-year follow-up, there was strong evidence that the treatment effect of DES versus BMS depended on the target vessel (P-interaction=0.024). Compared with BMS, DES reduced the risk of cardiac death or myocardial infarction to a greater extent in the LAD/LM (HR, 0.76; 95% CI, 0.68-0.85) than in the no-LAD/LM territories (HR, 0.93; 95% CI, 0.83-1.05). This benefit was driven by a lower risk of cardiac death (HR, 0.83; 95% CI, 0.70-0.98) and myocardial infarction (HR, 0.74; 95% CI, 0.65-0.85) in patients with LAD/LM disease randomized to DES. An interaction (P=0.004) was also found for all-cause mortality with patients with LAD/LM disease deriving benefit from DES (HR, 0.86; 95% CI, 0.76-0.97). Conclusions As compared with BMS, new-generation DES were associated with sustained reduction in the composite of cardiac death or myocardial infarction if used for the treatment of LAD or left main coronary stenoses. Registration URL: https://www.crd.york.ac.uk/PROSPERO; Unique identifier: CRD42017060520.

5.
Eur J Heart Fail ; 2021 Oct 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34693613

RESUMO

AIMS: Despite aortic stenosis (AS) relief, patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) are at increased risk of developing heart failure (HF) within first months of intervention. Sodium-glucose co-transporter 2 (SGLT-2) inhibitors have been shown to reduce the risk of HF hospitalization in individuals with diabetes mellitus, reduced left ventricular ejection fraction and chronic kidney disease. However, the effect of SGLT-2 inhibitors on outcomes after TAVI is unknown. The Dapagliflozin after Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation (DapaTAVI) trial is designed to assess the clinical benefit and safety of the SGLT-2 inhibitor dapagliflozin in patients undergoing TAVI. METHODS: DapaTAVI is an independent pragmatic, controlled, prospective, randomized, open-label blinded endpoint, multicentre trial conducted in Spain, evaluating the effect of dapagliflozin 10 mg/day on the risk of death and worsening HF in patients with severe AS undergoing TAVI. Candidate patients should have prior history of HF admission plus ≥1 of the following criteria: (i) diabetes mellitus, (ii) left ventricular ejection fraction ≤40%, or (iii) estimated glomerular filtration rate between 25 and 75 ml/min/1.73 m2 . A total of 1020 patients will be randomized (1:1) to dapagliflozin vs. no dapagliflozin. Key secondary outcomes include: (i) incidence rate of individual components of the primary outcome; (ii) cardiovascular mortality; (iii) the composite of HF hospitalization or cardiovascular death; and (iv) total number of HF rehospitalizations. CONCLUSION: DapaTAVI will determine the efficacy and safety of dapagliflozin in a broad spectrum of frail patients after AS relief by TAVI.

6.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34711513

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Transaxillary access (TXA) has become the most widely used alternative to transfemoral access (TFA) in patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). The aim of this study was to compare total in-hospital and 30-day mortality in patients included in the Spanish TAVI registry who were treated by TXA or TFA access. METHODS: We analyzed data from patients treated with TXA or TFA and who were included in the TAVI Spanish registry. In-hospital and 30-day events were defined according to the recommendations of the Valve Academic Research Consortium. The impact of the access route was evaluated by propensity score matching according to clinical and echocardiogram characteristics. RESULTS: A total of 6603 patients were included; 191 (2.9%) were treated via TXA and 6412 via TFA access. After adjustment (n=113 TXA group and n=3035 TFA group) device success was similar between the 2 groups (94%, TXA vs 95%, TFA; P=.95). However, compared with the TFA group, the TXA group showed a higher rate of acute myocardial infarction (OR, 5.3; 95%CI, 2.0-13.8); P=.001), renal complications (OR, 2.3; 95%CI, 1.3-4.1; P=.003), and pacemaker implantation (OR, 1.6; 95%CI, 1.01-2.6; P=.03). The TXA group also had higher in-hospital and 30-day mortality rates (OR, 2.2; 95%CI, 1.04-4.6; P=.039 and OR, 2.3; 95%CI, 1.2-4.5; P=.01, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Compared with ATF, TXA is associated with higher total mortality, both in-hospital and at 30 days. Given these results, we believe that TXA should be considered only in those patients who are not suitable candidates for TFA.

7.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 14(17): 1870-1883, 2021 09 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34503737

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate 2 abbreviated dual-antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) regimens in patients at high bleeding risk (HBR) undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). BACKGROUND: Current-generation drug-eluting stents are preferred over bare-metal stents for HBR patients, but their optimal DAPT management remains unknown. METHODS: The XIENCE Short DAPT program included 3 prospective, multicenter, single-arm studies enrolling HBR patients who underwent successful PCI with a cobalt-chromium everolimus-eluting stent. After 1 month (XIENCE 28 USA and XIENCE 28 Global) or 3 months (XIENCE 90) of DAPT, event-free patients discontinued the P2Y12 inhibitor. The postmarketing approval XIENCE V USA study was used as historical control in a propensity score-stratified analysis. RESULTS: A total of 3,652 patients were enrolled. The propensity-adjusted rate of the primary endpoint of all-cause mortality or myocardial infarction was 5.4% among 1,693 patients on 3-month DAPT versus 5.4% in the 12-month DAPT historical control (Pnoninferiority = 0.0063) and 3.5% among 1,392 patients on 1-month DAPT versus 4.3% in the 6-month DAPT historical control (Pnoninferiority = 0.0005). Bleeding Academic Research Consortium (BARC) types 2 to 5 bleeding was not significantly lower with 3- or 1-month DAPT, while BARC types 3 to 5 bleeding was reduced in both experimental groups. The rate of definite or probable stent thrombosis was 0.2% in XIENCE 90 (P < 0.0001 for the performance goal of 1.2%) and 0.3% in XIENCE 28. CONCLUSIONS: Among HBR patients undergoing PCI with cobalt-chromium everolimus-eluting stents, DAPT for 1 or 3 months was noninferior to 6 or 12 months of DAPT for ischemic outcomes and may be associated with less major bleeding and a low incidence of stent thrombosis.


Assuntos
Stents Farmacológicos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Quimioterapia Combinada , Everolimo/efeitos adversos , Hemorragia/induzido quimicamente , Humanos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Inibidores da Agregação Plaquetária/efeitos adversos , Estudos Prospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34582631

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: to test the safety and efficacy of intravascular imaging and specifically optical coherence tomography (OCT) as a diagnostic tool for left main angioplasty and analyze the mid-term outcome accordingly. BACKGROUND: Clinical data and international guidelines recommend the use of intravascular imaging ultrasound (IVUS) to guide left main (LM) angioplasty. Despite early experience using OCT in this setting is encouraging, the evidence supporting its use is still limited. METHODS: ROCK II is a multicenter, investigator-driven, retrospective European study to compare the performance of IVUS and OCT versus angiography in patients undergoing distal-LM stenting. The primary study endpoint was target-lesion failure (TLF) including cardiac death, target-vessel myocardial infarction and target-lesion revascularization. We designed this study hypothesizing the superiority of intravascular imaging over angiographic guidance alone, and the non-inferiority of OCT versus IVUS. RESULTS: A total of 730 patients, 377 with intravascular-imaging guidance (162 OCT, 215 IVUS) and 353 with angiographic guidance, were analyzed. The one-year rate of TLF was 21.2% with angiography and 12.7% with intravascular-imaging (p = 0.039), with no difference between OCT and IVUS (p = 0.26). Intravascular-imaging was predictor of freedom from TLF (HR 0.46; 95% CI 0.23-0.93: p = 0.03). Propensity-score matching identified three groups of 100 patients each with no significant differences in baseline characteristics. The one-year rate of TLF was 16% in the angiographic, 7% in the OCT and 6% in the IVUS group, respectively (p = 0.03 for IVUS or OCT vs. angiography). No between-group significant differences in the rate of individual components of TLF were found. CONCLUSIONS: Intravascular imaging was superior to angiography for distal LM stenting, with no difference between OCT and IVUS.

9.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34561195

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION Y OBJECTIVES: Spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD) is a rare cause of acute coronary syndrome. Most patients are empirically treated with beta-blockers and antiplatelet drugs. The Beta-blockers and Antiplatelet agents in patients with Spontaneous Coronary Artery Dissection (BA-SCAD) is an academic, pragmatic, prospective, randomized, open-label, blinded-endpoint clinical trial, performed under the auspices of the Spanish Society of Cardiology, to assess the efficacy of pharmacological therapy in patients with SCAD. METHODS: Using a 2 x 2 factorial design, 600 patients will be randomized (1:1/1:1) to: a) beta-blockers (yes/no) and b) "short" (1 month) vs "prolonged" (12 months) antiplatelet therapy. Only patients with preserved left ventricular ejection fraction will be randomized to beta-blockers (yes/no) because patients with reduced left ventricular ejection fraction will receive beta-blockers according to current guidelines. Similarly, only conservatively managed patients (ie, no coronary intervention) will be randomized to the antiplatelet stratum, as patients requiring coronary interventions will receive 1-year dual antiplatelet therapy. The primary efficacy endpoint includes a composite of death, myocardial infarction, stroke, coronary revascularization, recurrent SCAD, and unplanned hospitalization for acute coronary syndrome or heart failure at 1 year. The primary safety endpoint will be bleeding. All patients will be clinically followed up yearly. A comprehensive set of additional substudies (clinical, imaging, revascularization, biomarkers, inflammatory, immunologic, pharmacogenetics, and genetic) will be conducted to ensure a holistic view of this unique and challenging clinical entity. CONCLUSIONS: The results of the BA-SCAD randomized clinical trial will advance our knowledge in the treatment of patients with SCAD. The study was registered at ClinicalTrials.gov (Identifier: NCT04850417).

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34351426

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is a lack of evidence regarding the benefits of ß-blocker treatment after invasively managed acute myocardial infarction (MI) without reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). METHODS AND RESULTS: TREatment with Beta-blockers after myOcardial infarction withOut reduced ejection fraction (REBOOT) trial is a pragmatic, controlled, prospective, randomized, open-label blinded endpoint (PROBE design) clinical trial testing the benefits of ß-blocker maintenance therapy in patients discharged after MI with or without ST-segment elevation. Patients eligible for participation are those managed invasively during index hospitalization (coronary angiography), with LVEF >40%, and no history of heart failure (HF). At discharge, patients will be randomized 1:1 to ß-blocker therapy (agent and dose according to treating physician) or no ß-blocker therapy. The primary endpoint is a composite of all-cause death, nonfatal reinfarction, or HF hospitalization over a median follow-up period of 2.75 years (minimum 2 years, maximum 3 years). Key secondary endpoints include the incidence of the individual components of the primary composite endpoint, the incidence of cardiac death, and incidence of malignant ventricular arrhythmias or resuscitated cardiac arrest. The primary endpoint will be analyzed according to the intention-to-treat principle. CONCLUSION: The REBOOT trial will provide robust evidence to guide the prescription of ß-blockers to patients discharged after MI without reduced LVEF.

11.
J Invasive Cardiol ; 33(8): E604-E613, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34338651

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Vascular and bleeding complications related to secondary femoral access site are frequent in patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR), and their occurrence is associated to poorer outcomes. We aimed to evaluate the clinical impact of vascular closure devices (VCDs) for secondary femoral access hemostasis in TAVR procedures. METHODS: This was a multicenter study including 4031 patients who underwent TAVR (mean age, 81 ± 8 years; mean Society of Thoracic Surgeons [STS] score, 4.9 [interquartile range, 3.3-7.6]), and had a secondary femoral access. The 30-day clinical outcomes were analyzed according to femoral access-site hemostasis (manual compression vs VCD), and according to the type of VCD (Perclose [Abbott Cardiovascular] vs Angio-Seal [Terumo Interventional Systems]) using a propensity-matched, multivariable, logistic regression model. RESULTS: Manual compression was used in 941 patients (23.3%) and VCDs were used in 3090 patients (76.7%; Perclose in 1549 patients [38.4%] and Angio-Seal in 1541 patients [38.2%]) for secondary femoral access hemostasis. Vascular complications related to secondary access site occurred in 162 patients (4%), and were more frequent in patients who underwent manual compression (7.2%) compared with VCD hemostasis (3%; adjusted P<.001). In the VCD group, the use of Angio-Seal (vs Perclose) was associated with a higher rate of vascular complications (3.7% vs 2.4%, respectively; adjusted P=.02), femoral artery pseudoaneurysm (1.3% vs 0.4%, respectively; adjusted P<.01), invasive treatment requirement for treating vascular complications (surgery: 0.8% vs 0.3%, respectively [adjusted P=.03]; and thrombin injection: 0.9% vs 0%, respectively [adjusted P<.001]). CONCLUSION: VCDs represented a safer and more effective alternative compared with manual compression for secondary femoral access-site hemostasis in patients undergoing TAVR procedures, and the Perclose VCD was associated with the lowest risk of vascular complications. Future randomized studies are warranted.


Assuntos
Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter , Dispositivos de Oclusão Vascular , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Artéria Femoral/cirurgia , Hemostasia , Técnicas Hemostáticas , Humanos , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34463427

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To asses mid-term clinical outcomes of bioresorbable vascular scaffolds (BVS) for the treatment of coronary artery disease in a large-scale all-comers population. BACKGROUND: Several clinical settings are underrepresented in randomized studies investigating BVS against drug-eluting stents. Whether their results can be translated into the heterogeny patient population seen during daily routine requires further investigation. METHODS: The European ABSORB Consortium comprises the following European registries: GABI-R, ABSORB UK Registry, ABSORB France, BVS RAI Registry, and REPARA BVS Registry, which all prospectively collected patient-level data regarding outcomes following unrestricted BVS implantation. The primary endpoint of target lesion failure (TLF) includes cardiac death, target-vessel myocardial infarction (TVMI) and target-lesion revascularisation (TLR) at 12 months. The incidence of scaffold thrombosis (ST) according to ARC criteria was also assessed. Multivariable analysis was used to adjust for differences in patient and lesion characteristics. RESULTS: A total of 10,312 patients (mean age 58.4 ± 11.4 y) underwent BVS implantation during routine practice. The 12-month follow-up was complete in 95.5% of patients. At 12 months, the primary endpoint of TLF occurred in 3.6%; its components cardiac death, TVMI and TLR were documented in 1.2%, 1.8%, and 2.6%, respectively. The definite/probable ST rate was 1.7%. Absence of predilatation, discontinuation of DAPT and scaffold diameter below 3 mm were independent predictors of ST. CONCLUSIONS: The EAC demonstrates reasonable real-world clinical outcome data after BVS implantation. However, the rate of scaffold thrombosis remains high.

13.
Front Bioeng Biotechnol ; 9: 643453, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34307316

RESUMO

Due to the high individual differences in the anatomy and pathophysiology of patients, planning individualized treatment requires patient-specific diagnosis. Indeed, hemodynamic quantification can be immensely valuable for accurate diagnosis, however, we still lack precise diagnostic methods for numerous cardiovascular diseases including complex (and mixed) valvular, vascular, and ventricular interactions (C3VI) which is a complicated situation made even more challenging in the face of other cardiovascular pathologies. Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) is a new less invasive intervention and is a growing alternative for patients with aortic stenosis. In a recent paper, we developed a non-invasive and Doppler-based diagnostic and monitoring computational mechanics framework for C3VI, called C3VI-DE that uses input parameters measured reliably using Doppler echocardiography. In the present work, we have developed another computational-mechanics framework for C3VI (called C3VI-CT). C3VI-CT uses the same lumped-parameter model core as C3VI-DE but its input parameters are measured using computed tomography and a sphygmomanometer. Both frameworks can quantify: (1) global hemodynamics (metrics of cardiac function); (2) local hemodynamics (metrics of circulatory function). We compared accuracy of the results obtained using C3VI-DE and C3VI-CT against catheterization data (gold standard) using a C3VI dataset (N = 49) for patients with C3VI who undergo TAVR in both pre and post-TAVR with a high variability. Because of the dataset variability and the broad range of diseases that it covers, it enables determining which framework can yield the most accurate results. In contrast with C3VI-CT, C3VI-DE tracks both the cardiac and vascular status and is in great agreement with cardiac catheter data.

15.
Heart Rhythm ; 18(10): 1733-1740, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34082083

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The arrhythmic burden after discharge in patients with new-onset left bundle branch block (LBBB) undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) with the balloon-expandable SAPIEN 3 (S3) valve remains largely unknown. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the incidence of late arrhythmias in patients with new-onset LBBB undergoing TAVR with the balloon-expandable S3 valve. METHODS: This was a multicenter, prospective study that included 104 consecutive TAVR patients with new-onset persistent LBBB following TAVR with the S3 valve. An implantable cardiac monitor (Reveal XT, Reveal LINQ) was implanted before discharge. The primary endpoint was the incidence of high-degree atrioventricular block or complete heart block (HAVB/CHB). RESULTS: A total of 40 patients (38.5%) had at least 1 significant arrhythmic event, leading to a treatment change in 17 (42.5%). Significant bradyarrhythmias occurred in 20 of 104 patients (19.2%) (34 HAVB/CHB episodes, 252 severe bradycardia episodes), with 10 of 20 patients (50%) exhibiting at least 1 episode of HAVB/CHB. Most HAVB/CHB episodes (60%) occurred within 4 weeks after discharge. Nine patients (8.7%) underwent permanent pacemaker implantation at 12 months based on the Reveal findings (6 HAVB/CHB, 3 severe bradycardia). CONCLUSION: S3 valve recipients with new-onset LBBB have a high arrhythmic burden, with more than one-third of patients exhibiting at least 1 significant arrhythmic episode within 12 months (HAVB/CHB in 10% of patients). About one-half of bradyarrhythmic events occurred within 4 weeks after discharge. These results should inform future strategies on the use of continuous electrocardiographic monitoring in TAVR S3 patients with new conduction disturbances following the procedure.

16.
Int J Cardiol ; 338: 63-71, 2021 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34062196

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We sought to investigate the antithrombotic regimens applied and their prognostic effects in patients over 75 years old with atrial fibrillation (AF) after revascularization with drug-eluting stents (DES). METHODS: Retrospective registry in 20 centers including patients over 75 years with AF treated with DES. A primary endpoint of MACCE and a co-primary endpoint of major bleeding by ISTH criteria were considered at 12 months. RESULTS: A total of 1249 patients (81.1 ±â€¯4.2 years, 33.1% women, 66.6% ACS, 30.6% complex PCI) were included. Triple antithrombotic therapy (TAT) was prescribed in 81.7% and dual antithrombotic therapy (DAT) in 18.3%. TAT was based on direct oral anticoagulants (DOAC) in 48.4% and maintained for only 1 month in 52.2%, and DAT included DOAC in 70.6%. Primary endpoint of MACCE was met in 9.6% and primary endpoint of major bleeding in 9.4%. TAT was significantly associated with more bleeding (10.2% vs. 6.1%, p = 0.04) but less MACCE (8.7% vs. 13.6%, p = 0.02) than DAT and the use of DOAC was significantly associated to less bleeding (8% vs. 11.1%, p = 0.03) and similar MACCE (9.8% vs. 9.4%, p = 0.8). TAT over 1 month or with VKA was associated with more major bleeding but comparable MACCE rates. CONCLUSIONS: Despite advanced age TAT prevails, but duration over 1 month or the use of other agent than Apixaban are associated with increased bleeding without additional MACCE prevention. DAT reduces bleeding but with a trade-off in terms of ischemic events. DOAC use was significantly associated to less bleeding and similar MACCE rates.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial , Stents Farmacológicos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Idoso , Anticoagulantes/efeitos adversos , Fibrilação Atrial/diagnóstico , Fibrilação Atrial/tratamento farmacológico , Fibrilação Atrial/epidemiologia , Feminino , Fibrinolíticos/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Masculino , Inibidores da Agregação Plaquetária , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos , Stents
17.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 10(12): e019051, 2021 06 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34056919

RESUMO

Background There is a paucity of outcome data on patients who are morbidly obese (MO) undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement. We aimed to determine their periprocedural and midterm outcomes and investigate the impact of obesity phenotype. Methods and Results Consecutive patients who are MO (body mass index, ≥40 kg/m2, or ≥35 kg/m2 with obesity-related comorbidities; n=910) with severe aortic stenosis who underwent transcatheter aortic valve replacement in 18 tertiary hospitals were compared with a nonobese cohort (body mass index, 18.5-29.9 kg/m2, n=2264). Propensity-score matching resulted in 770 pairs. Pre-transcatheter aortic valve replacement computed tomography scans were centrally analyzed to assess adipose tissue distribution; epicardial, abdominal visceral and subcutaneous fat. Major vascular complications were more common (6.6% versus 4.3%; P=0.043) and device success was less frequent (84.4% versus 88.1%; P=0.038) in the MO group. Freedom from all-cause and cardiovascular mortality were similar at 2 years (79.4 versus 80.6%, P=0.731; and 88.7 versus 87.4%, P=0.699; MO and nonobese, respectively). Multivariable analysis identified baseline glomerular filtration rate and nontransfemoral access as independent predictors of 2-year mortality in the MO group. An adverse MO phenotype with an abdominal visceral adipose tissue:subcutaneous adipose tissue ratio ≥1 (VAT:SAT) was associated with increased 2-year all-cause (hazard ratio [HR], 3.06; 95% CI, 1.20-7.77; P=0.019) and cardiovascular (hazard ratio, 4.11; 95% CI, 1.06-15.90; P=0.041) mortality, and readmissions (HR, 1.81; 95% CI, 1.07-3.07; P=0.027). After multivariable analysis, a (VAT:SAT) ratio ≥1 remained a strong predictor of 2-year mortality (hazard ratio, 2.78; P=0.035). Conclusions Transcatheter aortic valve replacement in patients who are MO has similar short- and midterm outcomes to nonobese patients, despite higher major vascular complications and lower device success. An abdominal VAT:SAT ratio ≥1 identifies an obesity phenotype at higher risk of adverse clinical outcomes.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Obesidade Mórbida/complicações , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter , Adiposidade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/complicações , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/mortalidade , Índice de Massa Corporal , Europa (Continente) , Feminino , Humanos , Gordura Intra-Abdominal/diagnóstico por imagem , Masculino , Obesidade Mórbida/diagnóstico , Obesidade Mórbida/mortalidade , Fenótipo , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Gordura Subcutânea/diagnóstico por imagem , Fatores de Tempo , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/mortalidade , Resultado do Tratamento , Estados Unidos
18.
J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich) ; 23(6): 1165-1175, 2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33942487

RESUMO

Central aortic blood pressure could be helpful in the evaluation of patients with aortic stenosis (AS). The SphygmoCor XCEL device estimates central blood pressure (BP) measurement with its easy-to-use, operator-independent procedure. However, this device has not been properly validated against invasive measurement in patients with severe AS. We evaluated the relationship between cuff-brachial BP, transfer function-estimated and invasively measured central aortic pressure in patients with severe AS before and after transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). Agreement between techniques was analyzed and, according to the ARTERY Society recommendations, the minimum acceptable error was a mean difference ± SD ≤5 ± ≤8 mm Hg. A total of 94 patients with AS undergoing TAVR had simultaneous non-invasive and invasive measurements of central BP before and after the procedure. Before TAVR central systolic BP was in average slightly underestimated, though with wide variability, when using the default calibration of brachial-cuff SBP (mean difference ± SD, -3 ± 15 mm Hg), and after TAVR the degree of underestimation increased (mean difference ± SD, -9 ± 13 mm Hg). The agreement tended to improve for those patients with low aortic gradient stenosis compared to those with high gradient at baseline (mean difference ± SD, -2 ± 11 mm Hg vs. -4 ± 17, respectively, p = .3). The cuff-brachial systolic BP yielded numerically lower degree of agreement and weaker correlation with invasive measurements than SphygmoCor XCEL. In patients with severe AS the SphygmoCor XCEL cuff device, despite showing strong correlation, does not meet the ARTERY Society accuracy criteria for non-invasive measurement of central SBP.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica , Hipertensão , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Pressão Sanguínea , Determinação da Pressão Arterial , Humanos , Hipertensão/diagnóstico , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos
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