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1.
Rev Col Bras Cir ; 46(4): e2146, 2019 Sep 09.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31508733

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: to evaluate the perception of surgeons, members of the Brazilian College of Surgeons (CBC), on safety and quality issues in surgery, based on projects of Brazilian Ministry of Health (MS), CBC, World Health Organization (WHO), and American College of Surgeons (ACS). METHODS: a questionnaire based on WHO, CBC, and ACS initiatives was sent to all active and non-active CBC members, using Survey Monkey, in March 2018. RESULTS: out of 7,100 members, 171 professionals answered the questionnaire. Out of these, the majority (63.2%) declared to perform general surgery, 88.9% indicated knowing the project called Safe Surgery developed by MS, 73.1%, the CBC manual, and 14.6%, the ACS Strong for Surgery. Among those who indicated knowing the MS project, 73.1% said that they were accustomed to use it as a routine, and, among those who indicated knowing the CBC manual, 46.2% said that they were accustomed to use it. Most of the surgeons (81.3%) indicated that they had experienced severe surgical failures, being failures related to surgical material (49.7%) and presence of foreign bodies (8.2%) the most common ones. There were distinct opinions on who was responsible for checking over the checklist. CONCLUSION: the importance of safety and quality in surgery is well known by surgeons, but the practice is varied. Serious adverse events had been experienced by many surgeons, mainly related to surgical material and foreign bodies. The concept of interdisciplinarity did not seem to be common practice. Data indicated the need to develop education projects and the obligation of audits.


Assuntos
Competência Clínica , Cirurgia Geral , Cirurgiões , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Brasil , Competência Clínica/estatística & dados numéricos , Cirurgia Geral/estatística & dados numéricos , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Humanos , Near Miss , Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde , Sociedades Médicas , Cirurgiões/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários
2.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 46(4): e2146, 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1020371

RESUMO

RESUMO Objetivo: avaliar a percepção dos cirurgiões, membros do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões (CBC), sobre temas de segurança e qualidade em cirurgia, com base em Projetos do Ministério da Saúde (MS), do CBC, da Organização Mundial de Saúde (OMS) e do Colégio Americano de Cirurgiões (ACS). Métodos: questionário com base nas iniciativas da OMS, do CBC e do ACS foi enviado pelo Survey Monkey a todos os sócios, ativos e não ativos, do CBC em março de 2018. Resultados: responderam ao questionário 171 profissionais dentre os 7.100 sócios. Desses, a maioria (63,2%) declarou praticar Cirurgia Geral, 88,9% indicaram conhecer o Projeto Cirurgia Segura do MS, 73,1%, o Manual do CBC e 14,6%, o Strong for Surgery do ACS. Entre os que conhecem o Projeto do MS, 73,1% disseram usá-lo como rotina e, entre os que conhecem o Manual do CBC, 46,2% usam-no. A maior parte dos cirurgiões (81,3%) indicou que já vivenciou falha cirúrgica grave, sendo aquelas relacionadas com material cirúrgico (49,7%) e presença de corpos estranhos (8,2%), isoladamente, as mais comuns. Houve opiniões distintas sobre a responsabilidade de conferência do checklist. Conclusão: a importância da segurança e qualidade em cirurgia é conhecida pelos cirurgiões, mas a prática é variada. Eventos adversos graves foram vivenciados por muitos cirurgiões, principalmente relacionados com material cirúrgico e corpos estranhos. O conceito de interdisciplinaridade parece não ser prática comum. Os dados indicam a necessidade de desenvolver projetos de educação e a obrigatoriedade de auditorias.


ABSTRACT Objective: to evaluate the perception of surgeons, members of the Brazilian College of Surgeons (CBC), on safety and quality issues in surgery, based on projects of Brazilian Ministry of Health (MS), CBC, World Health Organization (WHO), and American College of Surgeons (ACS). Methods: a questionnaire based on WHO, CBC, and ACS initiatives was sent to all active and non-active CBC members, using Survey Monkey, in March 2018. Results: out of 7,100 members, 171 professionals answered the questionnaire. Out of these, the majority (63.2%) declared to perform general surgery, 88.9% indicated knowing the project called Safe Surgery developed by MS, 73.1%, the CBC manual, and 14.6%, the ACS Strong for Surgery. Among those who indicated knowing the MS project, 73.1% said that they were accustomed to use it as a routine, and, among those who indicated knowing the CBC manual, 46.2% said that they were accustomed to use it. Most of the surgeons (81.3%) indicated that they had experienced severe surgical failures, being failures related to surgical material (49.7%) and presence of foreign bodies (8.2%) the most common ones. There were distinct opinions on who was responsible for checking over the checklist. Conclusion: the importance of safety and quality in surgery is well known by surgeons, but the practice is varied. Serious adverse events had been experienced by many surgeons, mainly related to surgical material and foreign bodies. The concept of interdisciplinarity did not seem to be common practice. Data indicated the need to develop education projects and the obligation of audits.

3.
Arq Bras Cir Dig ; 27 Suppl 1: 77-9, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25409973

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The laparoscopic access, with its classically known benefits, pushed implementation in other components, better ergonomy and aesthetic aspect. AIM: To minimize the number and diameter of traditional portals using miniport and flexible liver retractor on bariatric surgery. METHOD: This prospective study was used in patients with less than 45 kg/m2, with peripheral fat, normal umbilicus implantation, without previous abdominoplasties. Were used one 30° optical device with 5 mm in diameter, four accesses (one mini of 3 mm to the left hand of the surgeon, one of 5 mm to the right hand alternating with optics, one of 12 mm for umbilical for surgical maneuvers as dissection, clipping, in/out of gauze, and one portal of 5 mm for the assistant surgeon), resulting in a total of 25 mm linear incision; additionally, one flexible liver retractor (covered with a nelaton probe to protect the liver parenchyma, anchored in the right diaphragmatic pillar and going out through the surgeon left portal) to visualize the esophagogastric angle. RESULTS: In selected patients (48 operations), gastric bypass was performed at a similar time to the procedures with larger diameters (5 or 6 portals and 10 mm optics, with sum of linear incision of 42 mm) including oversuture line on excluded stomach, gastric tube and mesenteric closing. The non sutured portal of 3 mm and the two of 5 mm with subdermal sutures, were hardly visible in the folds of the skin; the one of 12 mm was buried inside the umbilicus or in the abdominoplasty incision. CONCLUSION: Minimizing portals is safe, effective, good ergonomic alternative with satisfactory aesthetic profile without need for specific instruments, new learning curve and limited movement of the instruments, as required by the single port.


Assuntos
Derivação Gástrica/métodos , Laparoscopia/instrumentação , Desenho de Equipamento , Ergonomia , Estética , Humanos , Fígado , Estudos Prospectivos
4.
Arq Gastroenterol ; 41(4): 215-9, 2004 Oct-Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-15806263

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Obesity has adverse health effects. Dietary reeducation does not seem to offer sustained weight loss. For appropriately selected patients, surgery may be beneficial. AIM: To evaluate early postoperative metabolic response to surgery in patients submitted to Capella's gastroplasty using two different surgical approaches to the abdominal cavity. PATIENTS/METHOD: Twenty patients (9 males and 11 females, aged 21 to 53 years) were randomized prior to submission to either one of the surgical access incisions (bilateral arciform or supra-umbilical midline incisions). Blood samples were collected at the beginning and end of the operation, 12 (T-12 h) and 24 hours (T-24 h) postoperatively. Dieresis and synthesis time, blood loss, planimetry of operative field, operative time, hospital stay, hemoglobin, hematocrit, lymphocytes, potassium, albumin, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, C-reactive protein, glucose, pyruvate, lactate and ketone bodies were analyzed. RESULTS: Dieresis time was significantly decreased when median approach was used. Total operating time, hospital stay, hematocrit, hemoglobin, lymphocyte count, potassium and albumin concentrations were similar in both groups. C-reactive protein (T-12 h), glucose and pyruvate concentrations (T-24 h) increased significantly after completion of surgical procedure. Ketone bodies concentrations were significantly decreased 24 hour following completion of surgical procedure. CONCLUSION: Capella's gastroplasty induces metabolic and inflammatory changes in blood parameters. There is no evidence of technical superiority of arciform over midline incisions in this study.


Assuntos
Proteínas da Fase Aguda/análise , Gastroplastia/métodos , Obesidade Mórbida/cirurgia , Proteínas da Fase Aguda/metabolismo , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Obesidade Mórbida/metabolismo
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