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1.
J Mol Neurosci ; 30(1-2): 49-50, 2006.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17192623

RESUMO

Lama2dy mice constitute an animal model for congenital muscular dystrophy (CMD) by merosin (laminin alpha2-chain) deficiency. This pathology affects the properties of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and butyrylcholinesterase (BChE) of mouse skeletal muscle and nerves (Moral-Naranjo et al., 1999, 2002). AChE and BChE are involved through catalytic and noncatalytic actions in multiple processes, such as hydrolysis of acetylcholine (ACh), morphogenesis, hematopoiesis, and tumorigenesis (Soreq and Seidman, 2001). AChE and BChE molecules can be globular (G1, G2, and G4) or asymmetric forms (A4, A8, and A12) (Massoulié, 2002), and G molecules can show amphiphilic (detergent-interacting, GA) or hydrophilic (GH) behavior. AChE catalytic subunits are encoded by three mRNAs (T, H, or R) generated by alternative splicing. The presence of AChE in lymphoid tissues (Rossi et al., 1991; Nieto-Cerón et al., 2004), the role of immune responses in muscular dystrophy (Spencer and Tidball, 2001), the abnormalities of Lama2dy thymus (Magner et al., 2000), and the role of ACh in thymocyte function (Kawashima and Fujii, 2000) prompted us to investigate thymus AChE and the possible effect of merosin deficiency on it.


Assuntos
Acetilcolinesterase/metabolismo , Distrofia Muscular Animal/enzimologia , Timo/metabolismo , Animais , Isoenzimas/metabolismo , Laminina/deficiência , Linfócitos/enzimologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos , Valores de Referência
2.
J Neurochem ; 95(4): 1035-46, 2005 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16135075

RESUMO

Half of congenital muscular dystrophy cases arise from laminin alpha2 (merosin) deficiency, and merosin-deficient mice (Lama2dy) exhibit a dystrophic phenotype. The abnormal development of thymus in Lama2dy mice, the occurrence of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) in the gland and the impaired distribution of AChE molecules in skeletal muscle of the mouse mutant prompted us to compare the levels of AChE mRNAs and enzyme species in thymus of control and Lama2dy mice. AChE activity in normal thymus (mean +/- SD 1.42 +/- 0.28 micromol acetylthiocholine/h/mg protein, U/mg) was decreased by approximately 50% in dystrophic thymus (0.77 +/- 0.23 U/mg) (p = 0.007), whereas butyrylcholinesterase activity was little affected. RT-PCR assays revealed variable levels of R, H and T AChE mRNAs in thymus, bone marrow and spinal cord. Control thymus contained amphiphilic AChE dimers (G2A, 64%) and monomers (G1A, 19%), as well as hydrophilic tetramers (G4H, 9%) and monomers (G1H, 8%). The dimers consisted of glycosylphosphatidylinositol-anchored H subunits. Western blot assays with anti-AChE antibodies suggested the occurrence of inactive AChE in mouse thymus. Despite the decrease in AChE activity in Lama2dy thymus, no differences between thymuses from control and dystrophic mice were observed in the distribution of AChE forms, phosphatidylinositol-specific phospholipase C sensitivity, binding to lectins and size of AChE subunits.


Assuntos
Acetilcolinesterase/metabolismo , Laminina/deficiência , Distrofias Musculares/metabolismo , Timo/metabolismo , Acetilcolinesterase/química , Acetilcolinesterase/genética , Animais , Northern Blotting/métodos , Western Blotting/métodos , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Eletroquímica/métodos , Imunoprecipitação/métodos , Lectinas/metabolismo , Camundongos , Distrofia Muscular Animal , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa/métodos , Timo/enzimologia
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