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1.
Imaging Sci Dent ; 50(2): 161-168, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32601591

RESUMO

Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of voxel size and different post-processing algorithms on the analysis of dental materials using micro-computed tomography (micro-CT). Materials and Methods: Root-end cavities were prepared in extracted maxillary premolars, filled with mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA), Biodentine, and Intermediate Restorative Material (IRM), and scanned using micro-CT. The volume and porosity of materials were evaluated and compared using voxel sizes of 5, 10, and 20 µm, as well as different software tools (post-processing algorithms). The CTAn or MeVisLab/Materialise 3-matic software package was used to perform volume and morphological analyses, and the CTAn or MeVisLab/Amira software was used to evaluate porosity. Data were analyzed using 1-way ANOVA and the Tukey test (P<0.05). Results: Using MeVisLab/Materialise 3-matic, a consistent tendency was observed for volume to increase at larger voxel sizes. CTAn showed higher volumes for MTA and IRM at 20 µm. Using CTAn, porosity values decreased as voxel size increased, with statistically significant differences for all materials. MeVisLab/Amira showed a difference for MTA and IRM at 5 µm, and for Biodentine at 20 µm. Significant differences in volume and porosity were observed in all software packages for Biodentine across all voxel sizes. Conclusion: Some differences in volume and porosity were found according to voxel size, image-processing software, and the radiopacity of the material. Consistent protocols are needed for research evaluating dental materials.

2.
J Mater Sci Mater Med ; 31(2): 14, 2020 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31965336

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to evaluate volumetric and morphological stability of 3 root-end filling materials in addition to porosity and interface voids, using micro-computed tomography (µCT) in high resolution and a highly accurate approach for image analysis. Following root-end resection and apical preparation, two-rooted maxillary premolars were divided into three groups, according to the filling materials: White MTA Angelus, Biodentine, and IRM. Samples were scanned by µCT at 5 µm after the setting time and at time intervals of 7 and 30 days after immersion in phosphate-buffered saline (PBS). Volumetric and morphological changes besides material porosity and interface voids were evaluated by comparing initial values and those obtained after immersion. Data were analyzed statistically, using ANOVA and t-tests (α = 0.05). All materials showed volumetric stability. Regarding the morphological changes, Biodentine had a significant thickness reduction after storage in PBS when compared with MTA. Biodentine also showed an increase in porosity, as well as in percentage and thickness of voids after 30 days of immersion. In conclusion, µCT in high resolution and an accurate image analysis approach may be used to evaluate morphological changes of endodontic materials. Although Biodentine showed suitable adaptability and lower values of porosity than MTA, after PBS immersion there was a dimensional reduction of this material, besides an increase in porosity and interface voids.


Assuntos
Materiais Dentários/química , Teste de Materiais/métodos , Microtomografia por Raio-X , Restauração Dentária Permanente , Raiz Dentária
3.
Aust Endod J ; 46(1): 82-87, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31556201

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to compare, by micro-computed tomography (micro-CT) analysis, the obturation quality of two filling methods: the single-cone technique with the bioceramic EndoSequence BC sealer and the continuous wave technique with the resin-based AH Plus sealer. Twenty mandibular molars were divided into two groups (n = 10) according to the sealer used. Only the mesial roots, which are known to have mostly two canals, were used. The specimens were scanned before and after instrumentation and after obturation. Root canal volume after instrumentation and filling volume were calculated to obtain the percentage volumes of filling, voids and gaps. All specimens presented final volumes that were smaller than the initial volumes (P < 0.05). There was no significant difference between groups for filling volume, voids and gaps (P > 0.05). Using two filling methods, EndoSequence BC and AH Plus promoted a similar root filling quality in mesial roots of mandibular molars. Neither sealer was able to fill the root canal system completely.


Assuntos
Cavidade Pulpar , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular , Resinas Epóxi , Dente Molar , Obturação do Canal Radicular , Microtomografia por Raio-X
4.
J Conserv Dent ; 23(3): 249-253, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33551594

RESUMO

Background: The isthmus and irregularities present in the root canal system are potential areas for debris accumulation areas and therefore the seach for devices and solutions to improve cleaning of these areas is of utmust importance. This study evaluated, by micro-computed tomography, the efficiency of 37% phosphoric acid solution with that of 17% EDTA in the removal of smear layer and accumulated hard tissue debris (AHTD) after canal preparation. Methods and Materials: Twenty-six mesial roots of mandibular molars were subjected to microtomographic scanning using the SkyScan 1173 X-ray microtomograph at a resolution of 14,97 µm. The canals were prepared using Reciproc R40 instruments, 6% NaOCl and EndoVac System® to irrigation/aspiration. After instrumentation, the specimens were divided into two groups: 37% phosphoric acid solution or 17% EDTA. Results: The results demonstrated that 37% phosphoric acid was significantly more effective in removing smear layer and AHTD than 17% EDTA (Mann-Whitney, P <0.05). It was shown that both 37% phosphoric acid and 17% EDTA are effective agents in the removal of smear layer and debris, but better results were obtained with the use of 37% phosphoric acid. Conclusion: The results suggest that this solution can be a potential alternative to remove smear layer after root canal preparation.

5.
Bone ; 120: 9-19, 2019 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30282057

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: It has been shown that the oral aminobisphosphonate sodium alendronate (ALN) therapy reduces the risk of main fractures in osteoporotic women, but its effect on the jaw bones is poorly known. Here, we hypothesized that ALN affects the newly formed alveolar bone, particularly the quality of the type I collagen cross-linking. METHODS: Osteoporosis was induced by ovariectomy (OVX) in 6-month old rabbits. Six weeks following surgery, eight animals were treated by oral gavage with ALN (OVX + ALN) and ten received placebo (OVX + Pbo). Another six rabbits which were sham operated also received placebo (SHAM + Pbo). One month following the beginning of treatment, the upper and lower left first premolars were removed. Six weeks later, the upper and the lower right first premolars were also extracted. One month after the second extraction, biopsies were collected from the maxillary extraction sites and collagen crosslinks were analyzed in the newly formed bone tissue by HPLC. Also, at this time, mandibular bone segments were subjected to µCT. RESULTS: Animals treated with ALN achieved a roughly 2-time greater bone volume fraction value at a late healing period than animals in the other groups (p < 0.05). Collagen mean results were 2- to 4-times superior in the OVX + ALN group than in the control groups (p < 0.05). ALN-treated animals presented higher amounts of the non-enzymatic collagen cross-link pentosidine (PEN) than the sham-operated rabbits (p < 0.05), whereas the OVX + Pbo group presented the highest amount of PEN (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Alendronate increases bone volume and collagen accumulation, but does not fully rescue the non-osteoporotic alveolar tissue quality as is evident from the increased quantity of pentosidine.


Assuntos
Alendronato/farmacologia , Arginina/análogos & derivados , Densidade Óssea/efeitos dos fármacos , Colágeno Tipo I/metabolismo , Lisina/análogos & derivados , Ovariectomia , Alvéolo Dental/patologia , Cicatrização/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Arginina/metabolismo , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico , Reagentes para Ligações Cruzadas/metabolismo , Feminino , Lisina/metabolismo , Osteogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Coelhos , Alvéolo Dental/diagnóstico por imagem , Alvéolo Dental/efeitos dos fármacos
6.
Iran Endod J ; 13(3): 331-336, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30083202

RESUMO

Introduction: This study evaluated the removal of the filling material during endodontic retreatment considering the presence of cracks and the dentin age. Methods and Materials: A total of 20 freshly extracted single-rooted teeth were categorized into the following two groups according to the age of the patients: Group Young (Y; aged 18-30 years) and Group Old (O; aged ≥60 years). Each tooth specimen was scanned by microcomputed tomography (micro-CT) subsequently after endodontic retreatment with the Reciproc instruments (REC). The images were analyzed for differences in the volume of dentin cracks and the presence of the filling material in the middle and apical thirds of the teeth among the groups, according to the dentin age. Results: The micro-CT images showed that after retreatment, there were more cracks in the old root dentin than those in the young root dentin, although the difference was not statistically significant (P>0.05). The greatest reduction in the filling material was achieved when the old root dentin with cracks was retreated when compared with that of the young root dentin with cracks, but the difference was not statistically significant (P>0.05). Conclusion: The dentinal age and the presence of cracks were not found to be relevant factors for the removal of the filling material.

7.
J Endod ; 41(12): 2031-5, 2015 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26478439

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to make a 3-dimensional comparison of the canal transportation and changes in apical geometry using micro-computed tomographic imaging after canal preparation with K3 (SybronEndo, Orange, CA) and K3XF (SybronEndo) file systems. METHODS: Twenty-eight mandibular molars were randomly divided into 2 groups according to the rotary system used in instrumentation: K3 or K3XF. The specimens were scanned by micro-computed tomographic imaging before and after instrumentation. Images before and after instrumentation from each group were compared with regard to canal volume, surface area, and structure model index (SMI) (paired t test, P < .05). After instrumentation, the canals from each group were compared regarding the changes in volume, surface area, SMI, and canal transportation in the last 4 apical mm (t test, P < .05). RESULTS: Instrumentation with the 2 rotary systems significantly changed the canal volume, surface area, and SMI (P < .05). There were no significant differences between instrument types concerning these parameters (P > .05). There were no significant differences between the 2 groups with regard to canal transportation in the last 4 apical mm (P > .05). CONCLUSIONS: Both rotary systems showed adequate canal preparations with reduced values of canal transportation. Heat treatment did not influence changes in root canal geometry in the apical region.


Assuntos
Ligas , Ligas Dentárias , Cavidade Pulpar/anatomia & histologia , Temperatura Alta , Preparo de Canal Radicular/instrumentação , Cavidade Pulpar/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Mandíbula , Dente Molar/anatomia & histologia , Dente Molar/diagnóstico por imagem , Microtomografia por Raio-X
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