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1.
Transfusion ; 61 Suppl 1: S243-S251, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34269443

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In traumatic bleeding, transfusion practice has shifted toward higher doses of platelets and plasma transfusion. The aim of this systematic review was to investigate whether a higher platelet-to-red blood cell (RBC) transfusion ratio improves mortality without worsening organ failure when compared with a lower ratio of platelet-to-RBC. METHODS: Pubmed, Medline, and Embase were screened for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) in bleeding trauma patients (age ≥16 years) receiving platelet transfusion between 1946 until October 2020. High platelet:RBC ratio was defined as being the highest ratio within an included study. Primary outcome was 24 hour mortality. Secondary outcomes were 30-day mortality, thromboembolic events, organ failure, and correction of coagulopathy. RESULTS: In total five RCTs (n = 1757 patients) were included. A high platelet:RBC compared with a low platelet:RBC ratio significantly improved 24 hour mortality (odds ratio [OR] 0.69 [0.53-0.89]) and 30- day mortality (OR 0.78 [0.63-0.98]). There was no difference between platelet:RBC ratio groups in thromboembolic events and organ failure. Correction of coagulopathy was reported in five studies, in which platelet dose had no impact on trauma-induced coagulopathy. CONCLUSIONS: In traumatic bleeding, a high platelet:RBC improves mortality as compared to low platelet:RBC ratio. The high platelet:RBC ratio does not influence thromboembolic or organ failure event rates.


Assuntos
Contagem de Eritrócitos , Hemorragia/sangue , Contagem de Plaquetas , Ferimentos e Lesões/sangue , Plaquetas/citologia , Eritrócitos/citologia , Hemorragia/mortalidade , Humanos , Ferimentos e Lesões/mortalidade
2.
Diabetes Technol Ther ; 19(11): 609-617, 2017 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28829160

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Different reference methods are used for the accuracy assessment of continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) systems. The effect of using venous, arterialized-venous, or capillary reference measurements on CGM accuracy is unclear. METHODS: We evaluated 21 individuals with type 1 diabetes using a capillary calibrated CGM system. Venous or arterialized-venous reference glucose samples were taken every 15 min at two separate visits and assessed per YSI 2300 STAT Plus. Arterialization was achieved by heated-hand technique. Capillary samples were collected hourly during the venous reference visit. The investigation sequence (venous or arterialized-venous) was randomized. Effectiveness of arterialization was measured by comparing free venous oxygen pressure (PO2) of both visit days. Primary endpoint was the median absolute relative difference (ARD). RESULTS: Median ARD using arterialized-venous reference samples was not different from venous samples (point estimated difference 0.52%, P = 0.181). When comparing the three reference methods, median ARD was also not different over the full glycemic range (venous 9.0% [n = 681], arterialized-venous 8.3% [n = 684], and capillary 8.1% [n = 205], P = 0.216), nor over the separate glucose ranges. Arterialization was successful (PO2 venous 5.4 kPa vs. arterialized-venous 8.9 kPa, P < 0.001). Arterialized-venous glucose was significantly higher than venous glucose and numerically higher than capillary glucose (arterialized-venous 142 mg/dL vs. venous 129 mg/dL [P < 0.001] and vs. capillary 134 mg/dL [P = 0.231]). Inconvenience related to arterialization included transient mild edema and redness of the hand in 4 out of 21 (19%) patients. CONCLUSIONS: The use of venous, arterialized-venous, or capillary reference measurements did not significantly impact CGM accuracy. Venous reference seems preferable due to its ease of operation.


Assuntos
Automonitorização da Glicemia , Glicemia/análise , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1/sangue , Adulto , Capilares , Estudos Cross-Over , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Veias
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