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1.
J Phys Chem C Nanomater Interfaces ; 121(21): 11407-11415, 2017 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28603579

RESUMO

Using a home-built reflectometer, we have investigated the changes in the optical reflectivity of a Pd(100) model catalyst during CO oxidation under high-pressure, high-temperature conditions. We observe changes in optical contrast when exposing the surface to CO oxidation conditions at 200 mbar from room temperature up to 400 °C. These changes in reflectivity are a result both of the formation of a surface oxide layer and of a change in surface roughness because of gas exposure. However, the reflectivity is more sensitive to the presence of a thin, flat oxide layer than to surface roughness. CO oxidation plays an important role in the decrease of the reflectivity. Since adding a reducing agent to the gas mixture renders it unlikely that the oxide thickness increases, we conclude that the observed decrease in reflectivity is dominated by increased surface roughness because of the catalytic reaction. We contribute this observed surface roughening to a Mars-van Krevelen-type reaction mechanism.

2.
Rev Sci Instrum ; 88(2): 023704, 2017 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28249468

RESUMO

We have developed an experimental setup for optically monitoring a catalytically active surface under reaction conditions. A flow reactor with optical access allows us to image the behavior of an active catalyst surface down to the millimeter length scale. We use reflectance difference measurements with 625 nm light to investigate CO oxidation on Pd(100) at 300 mbar and 320 °C. We conclude that the changes in visible contrast result from the formation of an oxide layer after surface oxidation.

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