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1.
BMC Gastroenterol ; 21(1): 67, 2021 Feb 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33579196

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Testicular cancer (TC) survivors have an increased risk of various second primary malignancies. A recent cohort study detected an increased risk of colorectal cancer (CRC) in TC survivors treated with platinum-based chemotherapy with a hazard ratio of 3.9. CRC risk increased with higher cisplatin-dose. We know that colonoscopy surveillance in high-risk populations results in reduced incidence and mortality of CRC. TC survivors treated with platinum-based chemotherapy can potentially benefit from colonoscopy surveillance; however, to which extent is unknown. Furthermore, the pathogenesis of these secondary CRCs is unknown, and better insights into the carcinogenesis may affect surveillance decisions. METHODS: This prospective multicenter study will be performed in four Dutch hospitals. TC survivors are eligible if treated with ≥ 3 cycles of cisplatin before age 50. Colonoscopy will be performed ≥ 8 years after initial treatment (minimum and maximum ages at colonoscopy, 35 and 75 years, respectively). The primary aim of the study is the diagnostic yield of advanced neoplasia detected during colonoscopy. As secondary aim, we will evaluate the molecular profile of advanced colorectal neoplasia and will assess current platinum levels in blood and urine and correlate blood-platinum levels with prevalence of colorectal lesions. Furthermore, we will investigate effectiveness of fecal immunochemical testing (FIT) and burden of colonoscopy by two questionnaires. Demographic data, previous history, results of colonoscopy, hemoglobin level of FIT and results of molecular and platinum levels will be obtained. Yield of colonoscopy will be determined by detection rate of adenoma and serrated lesions, advanced adenoma detection rate and CRC detection rate. The MISCAN model will be used for cost-effectiveness analyses of CRC surveillance. With 234 participants undergoing colonoscopy, we can detect an absolute difference of 6% of advanced neoplasia with 80% power. DISCUSSION: TC survivors treated with cisplatin-based chemotherapy can benefit from CRC surveillance. Evaluation of the diagnostic performance and patient acceptance of CRC surveillance is of importance to develop surveillance recommendations. Insight into the carcinogenesis of cisplatin-related advanced colorectal lesions will contribute to CRC prevention in the increasing number of TC survivors. The results may also be important for the many other cancer survivors treated with platinum-based chemotherapy. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Clinical Trials: NCT04180033, November 27, 2019, https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT04180033 .

2.
Hum Reprod ; 2021 Feb 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33582778

RESUMO

STUDY QUESTION: Do genetic variations in the DNA damage response pathway modify the adverse effect of alkylating agents on ovarian function in female childhood cancer survivors (CCS)? SUMMARY ANSWER: Female CCS carrying a common BR serine/threonine kinase 1 (BRSK1) gene variant appear to be at 2.5-fold increased odds of reduced ovarian function after treatment with high doses of alkylating chemotherapy. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Female CCS show large inter-individual variability in the impact of DNA-damaging alkylating chemotherapy, given as treatment of childhood cancer, on adult ovarian function. Genetic variants in DNA repair genes affecting ovarian function might explain this variability. STUDY DESIGN, SIZE, DURATION: CCS for the discovery cohort were identified from the Dutch Childhood Oncology Group (DCOG) LATER VEVO-study, a multi-centre retrospective cohort study evaluating fertility, ovarian reserve and risk of premature menopause among adult female 5-year survivors of childhood cancer. Female 5-year CCS, diagnosed with cancer and treated with chemotherapy before the age of 25 years, and aged 18 years or older at time of study were enrolled in the current study. Results from the discovery Dutch DCOG-LATER VEVO cohort (n = 285) were validated in the pan-European PanCareLIFE (n = 465) and the USA-based St. Jude Lifetime Cohort (n = 391). PARTICIPANTS/MATERIALS, SETTING, METHODS: To evaluate ovarian function, anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) levels were assessed in both the discovery cohort and the replication cohorts. Using additive genetic models in linear and logistic regression, five genetic variants involved in DNA damage response were analysed in relation to cyclophosphamide equivalent dose (CED) score and their impact on ovarian function. Results were then examined using fixed-effect meta-analysis. MAIN RESULTS AND THE ROLE OF CHANCE: Meta-analysis across the three independent cohorts showed a significant interaction effect (P = 3.0 × 10-4) between rs11668344 of BRSK1 (allele frequency = 0.34) among CCS treated with high-dose alkylating agents (CED score ≥8000 mg/m2), resulting in a 2.5-fold increased odds of a reduced ovarian function (lowest AMH tertile) for CCS carrying one G allele compared to CCS without this allele (odds ratio genotype AA: 2.01 vs AG: 5.00). LIMITATIONS, REASONS FOR CAUTION: While low AMH levels can also identify poor responders in assisted reproductive technology, it needs to be emphasized that AMH remains a surrogate marker of ovarian function. WIDER IMPLICATIONS OF THE FINDINGS: Further research, validating our findings and identifying additional risk-contributing genetic variants, may enable individualized counselling regarding treatment-related risks and necessity of fertility preservation procedures in girls with cancer. STUDY FUNDING/COMPETING INTEREST(S): This work was supported by the PanCareLIFE project that has received funding from the European Union's Seventh Framework Programme for research, technological development and demonstration under grant agreement no 602030. In addition, the DCOG-LATER VEVO study was funded by the Dutch Cancer Society (Grant no. VU 2006-3622) and by the Children Cancer Free Foundation (Project no. 20) and the St Jude Lifetime cohort study by NCI U01 CA195547. The authors declare no competing interests. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: N/A.

3.
J Biol Rhythms ; : 748730420987327, 2021 Jan 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33480295

RESUMO

Cancer-related fatigue has been related to circadian disruptions and lower levels of sleep quality. However, it is unknown whether the circadian phase, which is associated with chronotype and timing of sleep, is related to fatigue after cancer. The aims of this study were to investigate the associations between (1) chronotype and cancer-related fatigue and (2) sleep quality and cancer-related fatigue. In this cross-sectional questionnaire study, 458 (non-)Hodgkin lymphoma survivors (n = 231 female, mean age 49.7 years) completed a Visual Analogue Scale for fatigue (VAS-fatigue) from 0 (no fatigue) to 10 (worst imaginable fatigue), the Munich Chronotype Questionnaire (MCTQ), and the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) between October 2018 and July 2019. A hierarchical linear regression analysis was used to evaluate the associations between the dependent variable fatigue and chronotype (based on early, intermediate, or late average midsleep) in Model 1, and fatigue and sleep quality in Model 2. The results showed no indications for an association between chronotype and fatigue (all p values ≥ 0.50). There were associations between two (out of seven) aspects of sleep quality and fatigue: subjective sleep quality (p < 0.001) and daily dysfunctioning (p < 0.001). Therefore, it is more likely that fatigue is associated with self-reported sleep quality rather than with chronotype. However, experimental studies with objective, physiological data on circadian phase and sleep quality are necessary to confirm the conclusions of this cross-sectional study.

4.
JMIR Res Protoc ; 10(1): e24414, 2021 Jan 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33480862

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: BRCA1/2 mutation carriers are recommended to undergo risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy (RRSO) at 35 to 45 years of age. RRSO substantially decreases ovarian cancer risk, but at the cost of immediate menopause. Knowledge about the potential adverse effects of premenopausal RRSO, such as increased risk of cardiovascular disease, osteoporosis, cognitive dysfunction, and reduced health-related quality of life (HRQoL), is limited. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to assess the long-term health effects of premenopausal RRSO on cardiovascular disease, bone health, cognitive functioning, urological complaints, sexual functioning, and HRQoL in women with high familial risk of breast or ovarian cancer. METHODS: We will conduct a multicenter cross-sectional study with prospective follow-up, nested in a nationwide cohort of women at high familial risk of breast or ovarian cancer. A total of 500 women who have undergone RRSO before 45 years of age, with a follow-up period of at least 10 years, will be compared with 250 women (frequency matched on current age) who have not undergone RRSO or who have undergone RRSO at over 55 years of age. Participants will complete an online questionnaire on lifestyle, medical history, cardiovascular risk factors, osteoporosis, cognitive function, urological complaints, and HRQoL. A full cardiovascular assessment and assessment of bone mineral density will be performed. Blood samples will be obtained for marker analysis. Cognitive functioning will be assessed objectively with an online neuropsychological test battery. RESULTS: This study was approved by the institutional review board in July 2018. In February 2019, we included our first participant. As of November 2020, we had enrolled 364 participants in our study. CONCLUSIONS: Knowledge from this study will contribute to counseling women with a high familial risk of breast/ovarian cancer about the long-term health effects of premenopausal RRSO. The results can also be used to offer health recommendations after RRSO. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT03835793; https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT03835793. INTERNATIONAL REGISTERED REPORT IDENTIFIER (IRRID): DERR1-10.2196/24414.

5.
Am J Obstet Gynecol ; 2021 Jan 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33493488

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ovarian cancer risk in BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutation carriers has been shown to decrease with longer duration of oral contraceptive use. Although the effects of using oral contraceptives in the general population are well established (approximately 50% risk reduction in ovarian cancer), the estimated risk reduction in mutation carriers is much less precise because of potential bias and small sample sizes. In addition, only a few studies on oral contraceptive use have examined the associations of duration of use, time since last use, starting age, and calendar year of start with risk of ovarian cancer. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate in more detail the associations of various characteristics of oral contraceptive use and risk of ovarian cancer, to provide healthcare providers and carriers with better risk estimates. STUDY DESIGN: In this international retrospective study, ovarian cancer risk associations were assessed using oral contraceptives data on 3989 BRCA1 and 2445 BRCA2 mutation carriers. Age-dependent-weighted Cox regression analyses were stratified by study and birth cohort and included breast cancer diagnosis as a covariate. To minimize survival bias, analyses were left truncated at 5 years before baseline questionnaire. Separate analyses were conducted for each aspect of oral contraceptive use and in a multivariate analysis, including all these aspects. In addition, the analysis of duration of oral contraceptive use was stratified by recency of use. RESULTS: Oral contraceptives were less often used by mutation carriers who were diagnosed with ovarian cancer (ever use: 58.6% for BRCA1 and 53.5% BRCA2) than by unaffected carriers (ever use: 88.9% for BRCA1 and 80.7% for BRCA2). The median duration of use was 7 years for both BRCA1 and BRCA2 carriers who developed ovarian cancer and 9 and 8 years for unaffected BRCA1 and BRCA2 carriers with ovarian cancer, respectively. For BRCA1 mutation carriers, univariate analyses have shown that both a longer duration of oral contraceptive use and more recent oral contraceptive use were associated with a reduction in the risk of ovarian cancer. However, in multivariate analyses, including duration of use, age at first use, and time since last use, duration of oral contraceptive use proved to be the prominent protective factor (compared with <5 years: 5-9 years [hazard ratio, 0.67; 95% confidence interval, 0.40-1.12]; >10 years [hazard ratio, 0.37; 95% confidence interval, 0.19-0.73]; Ptrend=.008). The inverse association between duration of use and ovarian cancer risk persisted for more than 15 years (duration of ≥10 years; BRCA1 <15 years since last use [hazard ratio, 0.24; 95% confidence interval, 0.14-0.43]; BRCA1 >15 years since last use [hazard ratio, 0.56; 95% confidence interval, 0.18-0.59]). Univariate results for BRCA2 mutation carriers were similar but were inconclusive because of limited sample size. CONCLUSION: For BRCA1 mutation carriers, longer duration of oral contraceptive use is associated with a greater reduction in ovarian cancer risk, and the protection is long term.

6.
PLoS One ; 15(12): e0243178, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33347497

RESUMO

Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) survivors are at increased risk of developing second primary esophageal squamous cell cancer (ESCC). We aimed to gain insight in the driving events of ESCC in HL survivors (hESCC) by using RNA sequencing and NanoString profiling. Objectives were to investigate differences in RNA signaling between hESCC and sporadic ESCC (sESCC), and to look for early malignant changes in non-neoplastic esophageal tissue of HL survivors (hNN-tissue). We analyzed material of 26 hESCC cases, identified via the Dutch pathology registry (PALGA) and 17 sESCC cases from one academic institute and RNA sequencing data of 44 sESCC cases from TCGA. Gene expression profiles for the NanoString panel PanCancer IO 360 were obtained from 16/26 hESCC and four hNN-tissue, while non-neoplastic squamous tissue of four sporadic cases (sNN-tissue) served as reference profile. Hierarchical clustering, differential expression and pathway analyses were performed. Overall, the molecular profiles of hESCC and sESCC were similar. There was increased immune, HMGB1 and ILK signaling compared to sNN-tissue. The profiles of hNN-tissue were distinct from sNN-tissue, indicating early field effects in the esophagus of HL survivors. The BRCA1 pathway was upregulated in hESCC tissue, compared to hNN tissue. Analysis of expression profiles reveals overlap between hESCC and sESCC, and differences between hESCC and its surrounding hNN-tissue. Further research is required to validate our results and to investigate whether the changes observed in hNN-tissue are already detectable before development of hESCC. In the future, our findings could be used to improve hESCC patient management.


Assuntos
Sobreviventes de Câncer , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Esofágicas/metabolismo , Doença de Hodgkin/metabolismo , Transcriptoma , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Sobreviventes de Câncer/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Doença de Hodgkin/complicações , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Transdução de Sinais , Adulto Jovem
7.
Blood ; 136(25): 2927-2932, 2020 Dec 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33331925

RESUMO

Breast implant-associated anaplastic large cell lymphoma (BIA-ALCL) is a very rare type of T-cell lymphoma that is uniquely caused by a single environmental stimulus. Here, we present a comprehensive genetic analysis of a relatively large series of BIA-ALCL (n = 29), for which genome-wide chromosomal copy number aberrations (CNAs) and mutational profiles for a subset (n = 7) were determined. For comparison, CNAs for anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)- nodal anaplastic large cell lymphomas (ALCLs; n = 24) were obtained. CNAs were detected in 94% of BIA-ALCLs, with losses at chromosome 20q13.13 in 66% of the samples. Loss of 20q13.13 is characteristic of BIA-ALCL compared with other classes of ALCL, such as primary cutaneous ALCL and systemic type ALK+ and ALK- ALCL. Mutational patterns confirm that the interleukin-6-JAK1-STAT3 pathway is deregulated. Although this is commonly observed across various types of T-cell lymphomas, the extent of deregulation is significantly higher in BIA-ALCL, as indicated by phosphorylated STAT3 immunohistochemistry. The characteristic loss of chromosome 20 in BIA-ALCL provides further justification to recognize BIA-ALCL as a separate disease entity. Moreover, CNA analysis may serve as a parameter for future diagnostic assays for women with breast implants to distinguish seroma caused by BIA-ALCL from other causes of seroma accumulation, such as infection or trauma.

8.
J Natl Cancer Inst ; 2020 Dec 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33351090

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Few studies examined the impact of treatment-related morbidity on long-term cause-specific mortality in Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) patients. METHODS: This multicenter cohort included 4,919 HL patients, treated before age 51 between 1965-2000, with a median follow-up of 20.2 years. Standardized mortality ratios (SMRs), absolute excess mortality per 10,000 person-years (AEM) and cause-specific cumulative mortality by stage and primary treatment, accounting for competing risks were calculated. RESULTS: HL patients experienced 5.1-fold (AEM = 123 excess deaths per 10,000 person-years) higher risk of death due to causes other than HL. This risk remained increased in 40-year survivors (SMR = 5.2, 95% Confidence Interval (95%CI) = 4.2-6.5; AEM = 619). At age 54 years, HL survivors experienced similar cumulative mortality (20.0%) from causes other than HL as 71-year old individuals from the general population. While HL mortality statistically significantly decreased over calendar period (p < .001), solid tumor mortality did not change in the most recent treatment era. Patients treated in 1989-2000 had lower 25-year cardiovascular disease mortality than patients treated in 1965-1976 (4.3% vs. 5.7%; subdistribution Hazard Ratio (HR) = 0.65, 95%CI = 0.46-0.93). Infectious disease mortality was not only increased after splenectomy but also after spleen irradiation (HR = 2.81, 95%CI = 1.55-5.07). For stage I-II, primary treatment with chemotherapy alone was associated with statistically significantly higher HL mortality (p < .001 for CT vs. RT; p = .04 for CT vs. RT+CT), but lower 30-year mortality from causes other than HL (15.8%, 95%CI = 9.7%-23.3%), compared to radiotherapy alone (36.9%, 95%CI = 34.0%-39.8%; p = .001) and radiotherapy and chemotherapy combined (29.8%, 95%CI = 26.8%-32.9%; p = .02). CONCLUSION: Compared to the general population, HL survivors have a substantially reduced life expectancy. Optimal selection of patients for primary CT is crucial, weighing risks of HL relapse and long-term toxicity.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33151443

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Breast cancer treatment has been associated with vascular pathology. It is unclear if such treatment is also associated with long-term cerebrovascular changes. We studied the association between radiotherapy and chemotherapy with carotid pathology and brain perfusion in breast cancer survivors. METHODS: We included 173 breast cancer survivors exposed to radiotherapy and chemotherapy, assessed ± 21.2 years after cancer diagnosis, and 346 age-matched cancer-free women (1:2) selected from the population-based Rotterdam Study. Outcome measures were carotid plaque score, intima-media thickness (IMT), total cerebral blood flow (tCBF), and brain perfusion. Additionally, we investigated the association between inclusion of the carotid artery in the radiation field (no/small/large part), tumor location, and these outcome measures within cancer survivors. RESULTS: Cancer survivors had lower tCBF (- 19.6 ml/min, 95%CI - 37.3;- 1.9) and brain perfusion (- 2.5 ml/min per 100 ml, 95%CI - 4.3;- 0.7) than cancer-free women. No statistically significant group differences were observed regarding plaque score or IMT. Among cancer survivors, a large versus a small part of the carotid artery in the radiation field was associated with a higher IMT (0.05, 95%CI0.01;0.09). Also, survivors with a right-sided tumor had lower left carotid plaque score (- 0.31, 95%CI - 0.60;- 0.02) and higher brain perfusion (3.5 ml/min per 100 ml, 95%CI 0.7;6.2) than those with a left-sided tumor. CONCLUSIONS: On average two decades post-diagnosis, breast cancer survivors had lower tCBF and brain perfusion than cancer-free women. Also, survivors with a larger area of the carotid artery within the radiation field had a larger IMT. Future studies should confirm if these cerebrovascular changes underlie the frequently observed cognitive problems in cancer survivors.

10.
Gut ; 2020 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33139271

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Survivors of childhood cancer are at risk of subsequent primary neoplasms (SPNs), but the risk of developing specific digestive SPNs beyond age 40 years remains uncertain. We investigated risks of specific digestive SPNs within the largest available cohort worldwide. METHODS: The PanCareSurFup cohort includes 69 460 five-year survivors of childhood cancer from 12 countries in Europe. Risks of digestive SPNs were quantified using standardised incidence ratios (SIRs), absolute excess risks and cumulative incidence. RESULTS: 427 digestive SPNs (214 colorectal, 62 liver, 48 stomach, 44 pancreas, 59 other) were diagnosed in 413 survivors. Wilms tumour (WT) and Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) survivors were at greatest risk (SIR 12.1; 95% CI 9.6 to 15.1; SIR 7.3; 95% CI 5.9 to 9.0, respectively). The cumulative incidence increased the most steeply with increasing age for WT survivors, reaching 7.4% by age 55% and 9.6% by age 60 years (1.0% expected based on general population rates). Regarding colorectal SPNs, WT and HL survivors were at greatest risk; both seven times that expected. By age 55 years, 2.3% of both WT (95% CI 1.4 to 3.9) and HL (95% CI 1.6 to 3.2) survivors had developed a colorectal SPN-comparable to the risk among members of the general population with at least two first-degree relatives affected. CONCLUSIONS: Colonoscopy surveillance before age 55 is recommended in many European countries for individuals with a family history of colorectal cancer, but not for WT and HL survivors despite a comparable risk profile. Clinically, serious consideration should be given to the implementation of colonoscopy surveillance while further evaluation of its benefits, harms and cost-effectiveness in WT and HL survivors is undertaken.

11.
J Clin Oncol ; 38(35): 4194-4207, 2020 Dec 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33078972

RESUMO

PURPOSE: As new evidence is available, the International Late Effects of Childhood Cancer Guideline Harmonization Group has updated breast cancer surveillance recommendations for female survivors of childhood, adolescent, and young adult cancer. METHODS: We used evidence-based methods to apply new knowledge in refining the international harmonized recommendations developed in 2013. The guideline panel updated the systematic literature review, developed evidence summaries, appraised the evidence, and updated recommendations on the basis of evidence, clinical judgement, and consideration of benefits versus the harms of the surveillance interventions while attaining flexibility in implementation across different health care systems. The GRADE Evidence-to-Decision framework was used to translate evidence to recommendations. A survivor information form was developed to counsel survivors about the potential harms and benefits of surveillance. RESULTS: The literature update identified new study findings related to the effects of prescribed moderate-dose chest radiation (10 to 19 Gy), radiation dose-volume, anthracyclines and alkylating agents in non-chest irradiated survivors, and the effects of ovarian function on breast cancer risk. Moreover, new data from prospective investigations were available regarding the performance metrics of mammography and magnetic resonance imaging among survivors of Hodgkin lymphoma. Modified recommendations include the performance of mammography and breast magnetic resonance imaging for survivors treated with 10 Gy or greater chest radiation (strong recommendation) and upper abdominal radiation exposing breast tissue at a young age (moderate recommendation) at least annually up to age 60 years. As a result of inconsistent evidence, no recommendation could be formulated for routine breast cancer surveillance for survivors treated with any type of anthracyclines in the absence of chest radiation. CONCLUSION: The newly identified evidence prompted significant change to the recommendations formulated in 2013 related to moderate-dose chest radiation and anthracycline exposure as well as breast cancer surveillance modality.

12.
Blood ; 2020 Sep 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32898861

RESUMO

Breast implant-associated anaplastic large cell lymphoma (BIA-ALCL) is a very rare type of T-cell lymphoma, uniquely caused by a single environmental stimulus. Here we present a comprehensive genetic analysis of a relatively large series of BIA-ALCL (n=29), for which genome-wide chromosomal copy number aberrations (CNA) and mutational profiles for a subset (n=7) were determined. For comparison, CNAs for ALK-negative nodal-ALCLs (n=24) were obtained. CNAs were detected in 94% of BIA-ALCLs with losses at chromosome 20q13.13 in 66% of the samples. Loss of 20q13.13 is characteristic for BIA-ALCL as compared to other classes of ALCL, such as primary cutaneous ALCL, systemic type ALK-positive and -negative ALCL. Mutational patterns confirm that the IL6-JAK1-STAT3 pathway is deregulated. Although this is commonly observed across various types of T-cell lymphomas, the extent of deregulation however is significantly higher in BIA-ALCL as indicated by pSTAT3 immunohistochemistry. The characteristic loss of chromosome 20 in BIA-ALCL provides further justification to recognize BIA-ALCL as a separate disease entity. Moreover, CNA analysis may serve as a parameter for future diagnostic assays for women with breast implants to distinguish seroma caused by BIA-ALCL from other causes of seroma accumulation such as infection or trauma.

13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32964358

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Anthracyclines and trastuzumab can increase the risk of heart failure (HF), but long-term cardiotoxicity data in breast cancer (BC) patients treated at younger ages are limited. Furthermore, it is unknown whether aromatase inhibitors are associated with HF risk. METHODS: HF risk was studied in a multicenter cohort of BC survivors treated during 2000-2009, at age < 61 years. Information on treatment and cardiovascular disease incidence was collected through medical records, general practitioners and cardiologists. Analyses included multivariable Cox regression and cumulative incidence curves. RESULTS: In total, 10,209 women with a median age at BC diagnosis of 50.3 years and a median follow-up of 8.9 years were enrolled in the study. Anthracycline-based chemotherapy was associated with HF (hazard ratio [HR] 2.18, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.41-3.39) and risk increased with increasing cumulative anthracycline dose. For trastuzumab, HF risk was highest within the first 2 years after treatment (HR0-2 years: 13.06, 95% CI 5.70-29.92) and decreased thereafter (HR2-4 years: 4.84, 95% CI 1.99-11.75 and HR≥4 years: 0.64, 95% CI 0.23-1.81). The 10-year cumulative incidence of HF was 4.8% (95% CI 3.2-6.8) among patients treated with anthracyclines and trastuzumab. One-third of patients who developed HF after trastuzumab had long-term impaired cardiac function. Patients treated with aromatase inhibitors alone also had higher HF risk (HR 2.18, 95% CI 1.24-3.82) compared to patients not receiving endocrine therapy. CONCLUSIONS: Our results stress the importance of considering anthracycline-free regimens in BC patients who need trastuzumab-containing treatment. The association between aromatase inhibitors and HF needs confirmation.

14.
Radiother Oncol ; 151: 33-39, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32679305

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the relationship between oesophagus dose-volume distribution and long-term risk of oesophageal cancer after radiation therapy for breast cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a case-control study nested within a cohort of 289,748 ≥5-year survivors of female breast cancer treated in 1943-2003 in five countries, doses to the second primary cancer (DSPC) and individual dose-volume histograms (DVH) to the entire oesophagus were reconstructed for 252 oesophageal cancer cases and 488 matched controls (median follow-up time: 13, range: 5-37 years). Using conditional logistic regression, we estimated excess odds ratios (EOR) of oesophageal cancer associated with DVH metrics. We also investigated whether DVH metrics confounded or modified DSPC-related -risk estimates. RESULTS: Among the DVH metrics evaluated, median dose (Dmedian) to the entire oesophagus had the best statistical performance for estimating risk of all histological types combined (EOR/Gy = 0.071, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.018 to 0.206). For squamous cell carcinoma, the most common subtype, the EOR/Gy for Dmedian increased by 31% (95% CI: 3% to 205%) for each increment of 10% of V30 (p = 0.02). Adjusting for DVH metrics did not materially change the EOR/Gy for DSPC, but there was a borderline significant positive interaction between DSPC and V30 (p = 0.07). CONCLUSION: This first study investigating the relationship between oesophagus dose-volume distribution and oesophageal cancer risk showed an increased risk per Gy for Dmedian with larger volumes irradiated at high doses. While current techniques allows better oesophagus sparing, constraints applied to Dmedian and V30 could potentially further reduce the risk of oesophageal cancer.

15.
Ophthalmology ; 127(11): 1549-1557, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32422154

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To generate recommendations for long-term follow-up of adult survivors of heritable retinoblastoma. DESIGN: We convened a meeting of providers from retinoblastoma centers around the world to review the state of the science and to evaluate the published evidence. PARTICIPANTS: Retinoblastoma is a rare childhood cancer of the retina. Approximately 40% of retinoblastoma cases are heritable, resulting from a germline mutation in RB1. Dramatic improvements in treatment and supportive care have resulted in a growing adult survivor population. However, survivors of heritable retinoblastoma have a significantly increased risk of subsequent malignant neoplasms, particularly bone and soft tissue sarcomas, uterine leiomyosarcoma, melanomas, and radiotherapy-related central nervous system tumors, which are associated with excess morbidity and mortality. Despite these risks, no surveillance recommendations for this population currently are in place, and surveillance practices vary widely by center. METHODS: Following the Institute of Medicine procedure for clinical practice guideline development, a PubMed, EMBASE, and Web of Science search was performed, resulting in 139 articles; after abstract and full-text review, 37 articles underwent detailed data abstraction to quantify risk and evidence regarding surveillance, if available. During an in-person meeting, evidence was presented and discussed, resulting in consensus recommendations. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Diagnosis and mortality from subsequent neoplasm. RESULTS: Although evidence for risk of subsequent neoplasm, especially sarcoma and melanoma, was significant, evidence supporting routine testing of asymptomatic survivors was not identified. Skin examination for melanoma and prompt evaluation of signs and symptoms of head and neck disease were determined to be prudent. CONCLUSIONS: This review of the literature confirmed some of the common second cancers in retinoblastoma survivors but found little evidence for a benefit from currently available surveillance for these malignancies. Future research should incorporate international partners, patients, and family members.

16.
PLoS One ; 15(5): e0232708, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32427994

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Insight in hospitalizations in long-term childhood cancer survivors (CCS) is useful to understand the impact of long-term morbidity. We aimed to investigate hospitalization rates and underlying types of diagnoses in CCS compared to matched controls, and to investigate the determinants. METHODS: We linked 5,650 five-year CCS from the Dutch nationwide Dutch LATER cohort and 109,605 age- and sex-matched controls to the Dutch Hospital Discharge register, which contained detailed information on inpatient hospitalizations from 1995-2016. Relative hospitalization rates (RHRs) were calculated using a Poisson regression model. Adjusting for multiple hospitalizations per person via a Poisson model for generalized estimated equations, we investigated determinants for hospitalizations for all types of underlying diagnoses among CCS. RESULTS: CCS were twice as likely to be hospitalized as reference persons (hospitalization rate 178 and 78 per 1,000 person-years respectively; RHR 2.0, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.9-2.2). Although CCS had more hospitalizations for 17 types of underlying diagnoses, they were especially more likely to be hospitalized for endocrine conditions (RHR: 6.0, 95% CI 4.6-7.7), subsequent neoplasms (RHR: 5.6, 95% CI 4.6-6.7) and symptoms without underlying diagnoses (RHR: 5.2, 95% CI 4.6-5.8). For those types of underlying diagnoses, female sex and radiotherapy were determinants. CONCLUSION: This study provides new insights in the high risk of hospitalizations for many types of underlying diagnoses in CCS and treatment related determinants. CCS are especially at high risk for hospitalizations for endocrine conditions, subsequent neoplasms and symptoms without an underlying diagnosis. This new knowledge is important for survivorship care and to identify possible preventable hospitalizations among CCS.


Assuntos
Sobreviventes de Câncer/estatística & dados numéricos , Hospitalização , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Análise Multivariada , Países Baixos/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco , Adulto Jovem
18.
Breast Cancer Res Treat ; 181(2): 423-434, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32279280

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Three tools are currently available to predict the risk of contralateral breast cancer (CBC). We aimed to compare the performance of the Manchester formula, CBCrisk, and PredictCBC in patients with invasive breast cancer (BC). METHODS: We analyzed data of 132,756 patients (4682 CBC) from 20 international studies with a median follow-up of 8.8 years. Prediction performance included discrimination, quantified as a time-dependent Area-Under-the-Curve (AUC) at 5 and 10 years after diagnosis of primary BC, and calibration, quantified as the expected-observed (E/O) ratio at 5 and 10 years and the calibration slope. RESULTS: The AUC at 10 years was: 0.58 (95% confidence intervals [CI] 0.57-0.59) for CBCrisk; 0.60 (95% CI 0.59-0.61) for the Manchester formula; 0.63 (95% CI 0.59-0.66) and 0.59 (95% CI 0.56-0.62) for PredictCBC-1A (for settings where BRCA1/2 mutation status is available) and PredictCBC-1B (for the general population), respectively. The E/O at 10 years: 0.82 (95% CI 0.51-1.32) for CBCrisk; 1.53 (95% CI 0.63-3.73) for the Manchester formula; 1.28 (95% CI 0.63-2.58) for PredictCBC-1A and 1.35 (95% CI 0.65-2.77) for PredictCBC-1B. The calibration slope was 1.26 (95% CI 1.01-1.50) for CBCrisk; 0.90 (95% CI 0.79-1.02) for PredictCBC-1A; 0.81 (95% CI 0.63-0.99) for PredictCBC-1B, and 0.39 (95% CI 0.34-0.43) for the Manchester formula. CONCLUSIONS: Current CBC risk prediction tools provide only moderate discrimination and the Manchester formula was poorly calibrated. Better predictors and re-calibration are needed to improve CBC prediction and to identify low- and high-CBC risk patients for clinical decision-making.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Tomada de Decisão Clínica , Segunda Neoplasia Primária/patologia , Medição de Risco/métodos , Adulto , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Agências Internacionais , Mastectomia , Segunda Neoplasia Primária/metabolismo , Segunda Neoplasia Primária/cirurgia , Prognóstico , Receptor ErbB-2/metabolismo , Receptores Estrogênicos/metabolismo , Fatores de Risco
19.
Radiother Oncol ; 146: 110-117, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32146256

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Breast cancer patients treated with radiotherapy are at increased risk of subsequent acute coronary syndromes (ACS). We aimed to study if radiotherapy also influences the prognosis of these ACS. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We included all 398 patients diagnosed with ACS following radiotherapy from our hospital-based cohort of early breast cancer patients aged <71 years, treated 1970-2009. Cardiovascular disease incidence and cause of death were acquired through questionnaires to general practitioners and cardiologists. Internal mammary chain (IMC) irradiation delivers the highest heart doses in breast cancer radiotherapy. Hence, we compared ACS prognosis between patients treated with/without IMC-irradiation. ACS prognosis was assessed through cardiac death, death due to ACS and cardiovascular disease incidence, using multivariable Cox proportional hazard models and by estimating cumulative incidence. RESULTS: In total, 62% of patients with ACS had received IMC-irradiation and 38% did not (median age at ACS diagnosis, 67 years). Median time between breast cancer and ACS was 15 years. After ACS, ten-year cumulative risk of cardiac death was 35% for patients who had IMC-irradiation (95% confidence interval [95%CI] 29-41) compared to 24% (95%CI 17-31) for patients without IMC-irradiation (p = 0.04). After correction for confounders, IMC-irradiation remained associated with a less favourable prognosis of ACS compared to no IMC-irradiation (hazard ratio cardiac death = 1.7, 95%CI 1.1-2.5). CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that radiotherapy, in case of substantial heart doses,may worsen ACS prognosis. This is an important, novel finding that may impact upon the risk-based care for breast cancer survivors with ACS.

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