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1.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 13(3): 323-331, 2020 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32029248

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to report the 2-year results of the SURTAVI (Surgical Replacement and Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation) trial and confirm the interim Bayesian analysis. BACKGROUND: Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) with a self-expanding valve was noninferior to surgery in patients with severe aortic stenosis and intermediate operative risk using Bayesian statistical methods. Novel Bayesian designs have been used to shorten the time to primary endpoint analysis in randomized clinical trials, although the predictive value of Bayesian analysis compared with frequentist approaches remains debated. METHODS: The SURTAVI trial randomized 1,660 patients. An interim analysis was performed 1 year after the 1,400th patient was treated to estimate the primary 2-year endpoint of all-cause mortality or disabling strokes for all patients. RESULTS: The Kaplan-Meier rate for the complete 2-year primary endpoint was 12.7% in the TAVR group and 12.6% in the surgery group (0.0% difference; 95% confidence interval: -3.4% to 3.5%), compared with 12.6% with TAVR and 14.0% with surgery (-1.4% difference; Bayesian credible interval: -5.2% to 2.3%) in the interim Bayesian analysis. A comparison of individual clinical, hemodynamic, and quality-of-life endpoints using Bayesian and frequentist methods found no significant differences. CONCLUSIONS: The complete analysis of all patients with aortic stenosis at intermediate risk for surgery in the SURTAVI trial confirmed the noninferiority, with respect to the frequency of all-cause mortality or disabling stroke, of TAVR to surgery, as determined in the interim Bayesian analysis. Follow-up will extend out to 10 years.

2.
Circ Cardiovasc Interv ; 13(1): e008372, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31937136

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In aortic stenosis, valvulo-arterial impedance (Zva) estimates the overall left ventricular afterload (valve and arterial component). We investigated the association of Zva (≥5 versus <5 mm Hg mL-1 m-2) on quality of life (QOL) and exercise performance (EP) ≥1 year after transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). METHODS: The study population consists of 250 TAVR patients in whom baseline Zva and follow-up QOL was prospectively assessed using EuroQOL-5-dimensions instruments; EP was assessed in 192 patients who survived ≥1 year after TAVR using questionnaires related to daily activities. In 124 patients, Zva at 1-year was also available and was used to study the change in Zva (baseline to 1 year) on QOL/EP. RESULTS: Elevated baseline Zva was present in 125 patients (50%). At a median of 28 (IQR, 17-40) months, patients with elevated baseline Zva were more limited in mobility (88% versus 71%; P=0.004), self-care (40% versus 25%; P=0.019), and independent daily activities (taking a shower: 53% versus 38%, P=0.030; walking 100 meter: 76% versus 54%, P=0.001; and walking stairs: 74% versus 54%, P=0.011). By multivariable analysis, elevated Zva predicted unfavorable QOL (lower EuroQOL-5-dimensions-Utility Index, odds ratio, 1.98; CI, 1.15-3.41) and unfavorable EP (any limitation in ≥3 daily activities, odds ratio, 2.55; CI, 1.41-4.62). After TAVR, the proportion of patients with elevated Zva fell from 50% to 21% and remained 21% at 1 year and was found to be associated with more limitations in mobility, self-care, and daily activities compared with patients with Zva <5 mm Hg mL-1 m-2. CONCLUSIONS: Elevated Zva was seen in half of patients and predicted unfavorable long-term QOL and EP. At 1 year after TAVR, the prevalence of elevated Zva was 21% but remained associated with poor QOL/EP.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31977142

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The prevalence of both chronic kidney disease (CKD) and aortic stenosis (AS) increase with age. Although baseline CKD is frequent in patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR), its significance among women is largely unknown. METHODS: Women's INternational Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation (WIN-TAVI) is a multinational, prospective registry of women undergoing TAVR for severe AS. We included patients with available baseline estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and completed 1-year follow-up. Patients were categorized into three groups based on their eGFR: No CKD (normal kidney function to stage 2 CKD: eGFR ≥60 ml/min/1.73 m2 ); (b) mild CKD (stage 3a CKD: eGFR = 45-59 ml/min/1.73 m2 ); and (c) moderate/severe CKD (stage ≥3b CKD: eGFR <45 ml/min/1.73 m2 ). All events were adjudicated according to the Valve Academic Research Consortium (VARC)-2 criteria. RESULT: Out of 852 women undergoing TAVR, 326 (38.3%) had no CKD, 225 (26.4%) had mild CKD, and 301 (35.3%) had moderate/severe CKD. Women with higher stage of CKD at baseline were more likely to have a history of hypertension, diabetes, atrial fibrillation, anemia, chronic lung disease, hemodialysis, prior percutaneous coronary intervention, and pacemaker implantation. After multivariate adjustment, moderate/severe CKD was associated with a greater risk of 1-year VARC-2 safety endpoints [hazard ratio (HR) 1.68, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.10-2.60], all-cause death (HR 2.00, 95% CI: 1.03-3.90), and composite of death, myocardial infarction, stroke or life-threatening bleeding (HR 1.70, 95% CI: 1.04-2.76). There were no differences in 30-day and 1-year VARC-2 efficacy and 30-day VARC-2 safety outcomes. CONCLUSION: CKD is associated with substantial and independent risk for mortality and morbidity at 1-year follow-up in women undergoing TAVR.

4.
Future Cardiol ; 2020 01 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31934785

RESUMO

Contemporary state of the art percutaneous coronary intervention techniques offer treatment strategies and solutions to an increasing number of patients with heart failure and complex coronary artery disease. Percutaneous mechanical circulatory support is intended to alleviate the mechanical and energetic workload imposed to a failing ventricle by reducing left ventricle pressures and volumes and potentially also increasing coronary blood flow. The PulseCath iVAC2L is a transaortic left ventricular assist device that applies a pneumatic driving system to produce pulsatile forward flow. Herein, the essential aspects regarding iVAC2L are discussed with focus on its mechanisms of action and the available clinical experience.

5.
Am J Cardiol ; 125(3): 441-448, 2020 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31813530

RESUMO

We sought to analyze outcomes of women receiving balloon-expandable valves (BEV) or self-expanding valves (SEV) in contemporary transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). WIN TAVI (Women's INternational Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation) is the first all-female TAVI registry to study the safety and performance of TAVI in women. We compared women treated with BEV (n = 408, 46.9%) versus those treated with SEV (n = 461, 53.1%). The primary efficacy end point was the Valve Academic Research Consortium-2 (VARC-2) composite of 1-year all-cause death, stroke, myocardial infarction, hospitalization for valve-related symptoms or heart failure or valve-related dysfunction. Women receiving SEV had higher surgical risk scores, higher rate of previous stroke and pulmonary hypertension whereas women receiving BEV were more frequently denied surgical valve replacement due to frailty. BEV patients were less likely to require post-dilation and had significantly lower rates of residual aortic regurgitation grade ≥2 (9.8% vs 4.7%, p = 0.007). At 1 year, the crude incidence and adjusted risk of the primary VARC-2 efficacy end point was similar between groups (17.1% with SEV and 14.3% with BEV, p = 0.25; hazards ratio 1.09, 95% confidence interval 0.68 to 1.75). Conversely the crude rate and adjusted risk of new pacemaker implantation was higher with SEV than BEV (15% vs 8.6%, p = 0.001; hazards ratio 1.97, 95% confidence interval 1.13 to 3.43). A subanalysis on new generation valves showed no difference in the need for pacemaker implantation between the 2 devices (10.1% vs 8.0%, p = 0.56). In conclusion, in contemporary TAVI, SEV are used more frequently in women with greater co-morbidities. While there were no differences in unadjusted and adjusted risk of 1-year primary efficacy end point between the valve types, there was a greater need for permanent pacemakers after SEV implantation.

6.
Int J Cardiol ; 300: 60-65, 2020 02 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31718825

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to compare the 12-month clinical outcomes of patients treated with Magmaris or Orsiro. Second generation drug-eluting absorbable metal scaffold Magmaris (Dreams 2G) has proved to be safe and effective in the BIOSOLVE-II study. Similarly, biodegradable polymer sirolimus-eluting stent, Orsiro has shown notable clinical results even in all-comer populations. METHODS: Magmaris group patients were taken from the BIOSOLVE-II and BIOSOLVE-III trials, while the patients from Orsiro group were enrolled in BIOFLOW-II trial. The primary outcome was explored using a time-to-event assessment of the unadjusted clinical outcomes for target lesion failure (TLF) at 12 months, followed by a multivariate analysis adjusting for all the significantly different covariates between the groups. RESULTS: The study population consisted of 482 patients (521 lesions), 184 patients (189 lesions) in Magmaris group and 298 patients (332 lesions) in Orsiro group. The mean age was 65.5 ±â€¯10.8 and 62.7 ±â€¯10.4 years in Magmaris and Orsiro groups, respectively (p = 0.005). Magmaris and Orsiro unadjusted TLF rates were 6.0 and 6.4% with no significant difference between the groups (p = 0.869). In the multivariate analysis, there were no meaningful differences between Magmaris and Orsiro groups. Finally, none of the groups presented device thrombosis cases at 12 months. CONCLUSION: At 12 months there were no significant differences between Magmaris and Orsiro groups neither in the unadjusted assessment nor in the multivariate analysis for target lesion failure. These results should be taken as hypothesis generating and may warrant a head to head comparison on a randomized fashion.

7.
Int J Cardiovasc Imaging ; 36(1): 123-129, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31515695

RESUMO

Valve size selection for transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) is currently based on cardiac CT-scan. At variance with patient-specific computer simulation, this does not allow the assessment of the valve-host interaction. We aimed to compare clinical valve size selection and valve size selection by an independent expert for computer simulation. A multicenter retrospective analysis of valve size selection by the physician and the independent expert in 141 patients who underwent TAVR with the self-expanding CoreValve or Evolut R. Baseline CT-scan was used for clinical valve size selection and for patient-specific computer simulation. Simulation results were not available for clinical use. Overall true concordance between clinical and simulated valve size selection was observed in 47 patients (33%), true discordance in 15 (11%) and ambiguity in 79 (56%). In 62 (44%, cohort A) one valve size was simulated whereas two valve sizes were simulated in 79 (56%, cohort B). In cohort A, concordance was 76% and discordance was 24%; a smaller valve size was selected for simulation in 10 patients and a larger in 5. In cohort B, a different valve size was selected for simulation in all patients in addition to the valve size that was used for TAVR. The different valve size concerned a smaller valve in 45 patients (57%) and a larger in 34 (43%). Selection of the valve size differs between the physician and the independent computer simulation expert who used the same source of information. These findings indicate that valve sizing in TAVR is still more intricate than generally assumed.

8.
Nat Rev Cardiol ; 17(2): 75-84, 2020 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31527743

RESUMO

Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) has revolutionized the treatment of symptomatic severe aortic valve stenosis. Current guidelines recommend TAVI in patients at increased operative risk of death. Advanced imaging planning, new transcatheter valve platforms, procedure streamlining and growing operator experience have improved procedural safety and bioprosthetic valve performance. As a result, TAVI has been explored for other indications. Two randomized trials published in 2019 to assess TAVI in patients with symptomatic severe aortic stenosis at low operative risk have set the stage for a new wave of indications. In younger and low-risk patients, TAVI had an early safety benefit over surgical aortic valve replacement and was associated with faster discharge from hospital and recovery and fewer rehospitalizations. In patients with symptomatic severe aortic stenosis, TAVI has now been explored across the entire spectrum of operative risk, from inoperable to low-risk populations, in properly designed, randomized clinical trials, although data on the long-term durability of these valves are lacking. The use of TAVI in severe bicuspid aortic valve stenosis, asymptomatic severe aortic stenosis, moderate aortic stenosis in combination with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction, and isolated pure aortic regurgitation is now under investigation in clinical trials. In this Review, we provide our perspective on these evolving indications for TAVI, discuss relevant available data from clinical trials, and highlight procedural implications and caveats of new and future indications.

9.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 13(2): 196-206, 2020 Jan 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31883714

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare the outcomes of transcatheter self-expandable prostheses in patients with small annuli. BACKGROUND: Transcatheter aortic heart valves appear to have better performance than surgical valves in terms of prosthesis-patient mismatch, especially in patients with aortic stenosis with small aortic annuli. METHODS: TAVI-SMALL (International Multicenter Registry to Evaluate the Performance of Self-Expandable Valves in Small Aortic Annuli) is a retrospective registry of patients with severe aortic stenosis and small annuli (annular perimeter <72 mm or area <400 mm2 on computed tomography) treated with transcatheter self-expandable valves (n = 859; Evolut R, n = 397; Evolut PRO, n = 84; ACURATE, n = 201; Portico, n = 177). Primary endpoints were post-procedural mean aortic gradient, indexed effective orifice area, and rate of severe prosthesis-patient mismatch. RESULTS: Pre-discharge gradients were consistently low in every group, with a slight benefit with the Evolut R (8.1 mm Hg; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 7.7 to 8.5 mm Hg) and Evolut PRO (6.9 mm Hg; 95% CI: 6.3 to 7.6 mm Hg) compared with the ACURATE (9.6 mm Hg; 95% CI: 8.9 to 10.2 mm Hg) and Portico (8.9 mm Hg; 95% CI: 8.2 to 9.6 mm Hg) groups (p < 0.001). Mean indexed effective orifice area was 1.04 cm2/m2 (95% CI: 1.01 to 1.08 cm2/m2) with a trend toward lower values with the Portico. No significant differences were reported in terms of severe prosthesis-patient mismatch (overall rate 9.4%; p = 0.134), permanent pacemaker implantation (15.6%), and periprocedural and 1-year adverse events. Pre-discharge more than mild paravalvular leaks were significantly more common with the Portico (19.2%) and less common with the Evolut PRO (3.6%) compared with the Evolut R (11.8%) and ACURATE (9%) groups. CONCLUSIONS: Transcatheter self-expandable valves showed optimal clinical and echocardiographic results in patients with small aortic annuli, although supra-annular functioning transcatheter heart valves seemed to slightly outperform intra-annular functioning ones. The role of transcatheter aortic valve replacement with self-expandable valves for the treatment of aortic stenosis in patients with small annuli needs to be confirmed in larger trials.

11.
Int J Cardiol ; 302: 36-41, 2020 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31859111

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The capacity of TAVI-programs and numbers of sites performing TAVI has rapidly increased. This necessitated the initiation of the Rotterdam TAVI Care & Cure Program, aiming to improve patient-centered care during the TAVI pathway. METHODS: Consenting patients with severe aortic stenosis and an indication for TAVI will be included. The TAVI Care & Cure program will facilitate prognostic contributions to improve outcomes, patient satisfaction and quality of life in patients with valvular heart disease who are treated with a transcatheter aortic valve implantation in collaboration with the departments of cardiology, cardio-thoracic surgery, anesthesiology and geriatrics. CONCLUSION: With a single center observational registry, we aim to assess the TAVI patient clinical pathway, focusing on pre, peri and post interventional variables including functional status and HRQoL. We will evaluate the patient's complexity by applying an extended multidisciplinary approach, which includes a systematic application of geriatric assessments of frailty and cognitive function.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31789483

RESUMO

Stent underexpansion is frequently observed in calcified coronary lesions and increases the risk of future adverse cardiac events. Current plaquemodification techniques might not be suitable when calcium deposition is circumferential and deep inside the vessel wall. We report a case during which coronary lithoplasty was used as an adjuvant therapy to improve severe stent underexpansion after failed atherectomy and high-pressure non-compliant balloon dilatations.

13.
J Nucl Cardiol ; 2019 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31792918

RESUMO

BACKGROUNDS: Transcatheter-implanted aortic valve infective endocarditis (TAVI-IE) is difficult to diagnose when relying on the Duke Criteria. Our aim was to assess the additional diagnostic value of 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (18F-FDG) positron emission/computed tomography (PET/CT) and cardiac computed tomography angiography (CTA) in suspected TAVI-IE. METHODS: A multicenter retrospective analysis was performed in all patients who underwent 18F-FDG-PET/CT and/or CTA with suspected TAVI-IE. Patients were first classified with Duke Criteria and after adding 18F-FDG-PET/CT and CTA, they were classified with European Society of Cardiology (ESC) criteria. The final diagnosis was determined by our Endocarditis Team based on ESC guideline recommendations. RESULTS: Thirty patients with suspected TAVI-IE were included. 18F-FDG-PET/CT was performed in all patients and Cardiac CTA in 14/30. Using the Modified Duke Criteria, patients were classified as 3% rejected (1/30), 73% possible (22/30), and 23% definite (7/30) TAVI-IE. Adding 18F-FDG-PET/CT and CTA supported the reclassification of 10 of the 22 possible cases as "definite TAVI-IE" (5/22) or "rejected TAVI-IE" (5/22). This changed the final diagnosis to 20% rejected (6/30), 40% possible (12/30), and 40% definite (12/30) TAVI-IE. CONCLUSIONS: Addition of 18F-FDG-PET/CT and/or CTA changed the final diagnosis in 33% of patients and proved to be a valuable diagnostic tool in patients with suspected TAVI-IE.

16.
EuroIntervention ; 2019 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31746741

RESUMO

Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is undeniably invading the "surgical" space and expanding its indication. Over the last 5 years, there has been a real revolution in TAVI technology with the introduction of newer devices that aimed to simplify the procedure 1. These swift advances have transformed the landscape in structural heart disease and culminated in a broader use of TAVI in clinical practice 2, 3. The procedure is not only spreading worldwide but is also becoming less aggressive for the patient with the so-called "minimalist approach".

17.
Expert Rev Med Devices ; 16(11): 941-954, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31594416

RESUMO

Introduction: Coronary chronic total occlusions (CTO) represent a challenging subset in interventional cardiology.Areas covered: During the last decade, improvements in materials, techniques, and meticulous pre-procedural lesion assessment have increased the success rate in CTO lesions. Several scores have been developed to address overall lesion evaluation and help select the most appropriate treatment strategy. In addition, specific algorithms such as the hybrid algorithm have been introduced to provide a framework for CTO operators and a rapid management of the various challenging aspects of the procedure. The hybrid approach requires operator's ability to switch from one treatment strategy to another when the first one appears to be unsuccessful. Adequate training and operators' experience remain crucial to improve the likelihood of success.Expert opinion: The aim of this review is to provide insights and guidance for operators on current approaches for treatment of CTO and complication management.


Assuntos
Oclusão Coronária/terapia , Algoritmos , Doença Crônica , Humanos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Eur Heart J ; 2019 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31511897

RESUMO

Tricuspid regurgitation (TR) is a frequent and complex problem, commonly combined with left-sided heart disease, such as mitral regurgitation. Significant TR is associated with increased mortality if left untreated or recurrent after therapy. Tricuspid regurgitation was historically often disregarded and remained undertreated. Surgery is currently the only Class I Guideline recommended therapy for TR, in the form of annuloplasty, leaflet repair, or valve replacement. As growing experience of transcatheter therapy in structural heart disease, many dedicated transcatheter tricuspid repair or replacement devices, which mimic well-established surgical techniques, are currently under development. Nevertheless, many aspects of TR are little understood, including the disease process, surgical or interventional risk stratification, and predictors of successful therapy. The optimal treatment timing and the choice of proper surgical or interventional technique for significant TR remain to be elucidated. In this context, we aim to highlight the current evidence, underline major controversial issues in this field and present a future roadmap for TR therapy.

19.
Br J Anaesth ; 123(5): 565-569, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31547970

RESUMO

This case series presents 10 patients undergoing vascular surgery with asymptomatic elevated high-sensitivity troponin T concentrations, measured at outpatient clinic before surgery. Patients were included in the RAVE (Rotterdam Antiplatelet therapy in Vascular patiEnts) pilot study. All included patients underwent coronary angiography before surgery to identify significant obstructive coronary artery disease. We identified five out of 10 patients with high-grade stenosis and high-risk angiographic features of left main and/or proximal left anterior descending coronary artery disease. The study was terminated prematurely before any subject reached the study endpoint of 1 yr follow-up. This case series provides more insight into the meaning of preoperative troponin elevation and coronary angiographic features in vascular surgery patients. TRIAL REGISTRY NUMBER: NL5803.


Assuntos
Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/sangue , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios/métodos , Troponina T/sangue , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Projetos Piloto , Fatores de Risco
20.
EuroIntervention ; 2019 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31475906

RESUMO

AIMS: Stent thrombosis (ST) is a rare but potentially fatal complication of coronary artery stenting. Little is known about the optimal treatment strategy at the time of a ST event. We identified the incidence and predictors of adverse cardiac events after treatment of a definite ST. METHODS AND RESULTS: 695 patients with definite ST were included between 1996 and 2017 in 2 academic medical centres. The primary endpoint was the composite of cardiac death, myocardial infarction (MI) and target vessel revascularization (TVR) (MACE). Mean age was 62.8 ± 12.1 years and 76.3% were male. ST occurred at a median of 22 days (IQR 3-551 days); 50.8% were early and 49.2% were late/very late ST. At 60 months follow-up, MACE was 43.7%, cardiac death 19.5%, MI 17.9%, TVR 24.8%, and repeat definite ST was 12.1% (10.5% in target vessel). Independent predictors of MACE were cardiogenic shock (HR 2.54; 95%CI 1.75-3.70; p<0.001), ST in LAD (HR 1.76; 95%CI 1.32-2.35; p<0.001) prior CVA/TIA (HR 1.68; 95%CI 1.08-2.62; p=0.020), peripheral vascular disease (HR 1.55; 95%CI 1.00-2.39; p=0.046), multivessel disease (HR 1.53; 95%CI 1.12-2.08; p=0.007), and final TIMI flow 2-3 (HR 0.54; 95% CI 0.34-0.85; p=0.009). No specific treatment of ST influenced MACE, however, new generation P2Y12 inhibitors reduced the risk of MI (HR 0.56; 95% CI 0.32-0.99; p=0.049). CONCLUSIONS: The incidence of adverse events remains high after a first episode of ST. New generation P2Y12 inhibitors reduce the risk of MI. Additional stenting, GpIIb/IIIa inhibitors and thrombectomy did not improve outcomes following ST.

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