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1.
Nat Commun ; 13(1): 3320, 2022 Jun 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35680886

RESUMO

One of the open challenges of spintronics is to control the spin relaxation mechanisms. Layered metal-halide perovskites are an emerging class of semiconductors which possess a soft crystal lattice that strongly couples electronic and vibrational states and show promise for spintronic applications. Here, we investigate the impact of such strong coupling on the spin relaxation of excitons in the layered perovskite BA2FAPbI7 using a combination of cryogenic Faraday rotation and transient absorption spectroscopy. We report an unexpected increase of the spin lifetime by two orders of magnitude at 77 K under photoexcitation with photon energy in excess of the exciton absorption peak, and thus demonstrate optical control over the dominant spin relaxation mechanism. We attribute this control to strong coupling between excitons and optically excited phonons, which form polaronic states with reduced electron-hole wave function overlap that protect the exciton spin memory. Our insights highlight the special role of exciton-lattice interactions on the spin physics in the layered perovskites and provide a novel opportunity for optical spin control.

2.
J Phys Chem C Nanomater Interfaces ; 125(27): 15025-15034, 2021 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34295448

RESUMO

Band gap tuning of hybrid metal-halide perovskites by halide substitution holds promise for tailored light absorption in tandem solar cells and emission in light-emitting diodes. However, the impact of halide substitution on the crystal structure and the fundamental mechanism of photo-induced halide segregation remain open questions. Here, using a combination of temperature-dependent X-ray diffraction and calorimetry measurements, we report the emergence of a disorder- and frustration-driven orientational glass for a wide range of compositions in CH3NH3Pb(Cl x Br1-x )3. Using temperature-dependent photoluminescence measurements, we find a correlation between halide segregation under illumination and local strains from the orientational glass. We observe no glassy behavior in CsPb(Cl x Br1-x )3, highlighting the importance of the A-site cation for the structure and optoelectronic properties. Using first-principles calculations, we identify the local preferential alignment of the organic cations as the glass formation mechanism. Our findings rationalize the superior photostability of mixed-cation metal-halide perovskites and provide guidelines for further stabilization strategies.

3.
Nat Mater ; 20(5): 618-623, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33398119

RESUMO

Excitation localization involving dynamic nanoscale distortions is a central aspect of photocatalysis1, quantum materials2 and molecular optoelectronics3. Experimental characterization of such distortions requires techniques sensitive to the formation of point-defect-like local structural rearrangements in real time. Here, we visualize excitation-induced strain fields in a prototypical member of the lead halide perovskites4 via femtosecond resolution diffuse X-ray scattering measurements. This enables momentum-resolved phonon spectroscopy of the locally distorted structure and reveals radially expanding nanometre-scale strain fields associated with the formation and relaxation of polarons in photoexcited perovskites. Quantitative estimates of the magnitude and shape of this polaronic distortion are obtained, providing direct insights into the dynamic structural distortions that occur in these materials5-9. Optical pump-probe reflection spectroscopy corroborates these results and shows how these large polaronic distortions transiently modify the carrier effective mass, providing a unified picture of the coupled structural and electronic dynamics that underlie the optoelectronic functionality of the hybrid perovskites.

4.
Nano Lett ; 20(8): 5678-5685, 2020 Aug 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32574069

RESUMO

Using circularly polarized broadband transient absorption, time-resolved circular photoluminescence, and transient Faraday rotation spectroscopy, we report that spin-dependent interactions have a significant impact on exciton energies and spin depolarization times in layered Ruddlesden-Popper hybrid metal-halide perovskites. In BA2FAPb2I7, we report that room-temperature spin lifetimes are largest (3.2 ps) at a carrier density of ∼1017 cm-3 with increasing depolarization rates at higher exciton densities. This indicates that many-body interactions reduce spin-lifetimes and outcompete the effect of D'yakonov-Perel precessional relaxation that has been previously reported at lower carrier densities. We further observe a dynamic circular dichroism that arises from a photoinduced polarization in the exciton distribution between total angular momentum states. Our findings provide fundamental and application relevant insights into the spin-dependent exciton-exciton interactions in layered hybrid perovskites.

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