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1.
Leuk Lymphoma ; : 1-7, 2021 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34587856

RESUMO

Prior studies have reported pulmonary function tests (PFT) before and after related and unrelated allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). However, limited data exist on the evaluation of lung function after haploidentical stem cell transplantation (HAPLO) with post-transplant cyclophosphamide (PTCY). We retrospectively reported the evaluation of PFTs at screening before HAPLO in 80 patients at 100 days and 1 year of follow-up. The proportion of surviving patients with available PFTs at 100 days and 1 year were 86% and 68%, respectively. During the follow-up period, four patients met the criteria for bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome and two for interstitial lung disease. Overall survival was 73% (95% CI 62-82%) at 2 years. We observed a significant reduction in diffusing capacity of the lungs for carbon monoxide (DLCO) corrected for the most recent hemoglobin concentration (DLCOc) at 100 days after HAPLO. However, an overall substantial stable pulmonary function was observed at 1 year.

2.
Blood Cancer J ; 11(8): 142, 2021 08 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34376633

RESUMO

This study evaluated the safety and immunogenicity of BNT162b2 vaccine in patients with hematological malignancies. Antibodies blocking spike binding to immobilized ACE-2 (NAb) correlated with anti-Spike (S) IgG d42 titers (Spearman r = 0.865, p < 0.0001), and an anti-S IgG d42 level ≥3100 UA/mL was predictive of NAb ≥ 30%, the positivity cutoff for NAb (p < 0.0001). Only 47% of the patients achieved an anti-S IgG d42 level ≥3100 UA/mL after the two BNT162b2 inocula, compared to 87% of healthy controls. In multivariable analysis, male patients, use of B-cell targeting treatment within the last 12 months prior to vaccination, and CD19+ B-cell level <120/uL, were associated with a significantly decreased probability of achieving a protective anti-S IgG level after the second BNT162b2 inoculum. Finally, using the IFN-γ ELISPOT assay, we found a significant increase in T-cell response against the S protein, with 53% of patients having an anti-S IgG-positive ELISPOT after the second BNT162b2 inoculum. There was a correlation between the anti-S ELISPOT response and IgG d42 level (Spearman r = 0.3026, p = 0.012). These findings suggest that vaccination with two BNT162b2 inocula translates into a significant increase in humoral and cellular response in patients with hematological malignancies, but only around half of the patients can likely achieve effective immune protection against COVID-19.


Assuntos
Vacinas contra COVID-19/imunologia , COVID-19/complicações , COVID-19/imunologia , Neoplasias Hematológicas/complicações , Neoplasias Hematológicas/imunologia , Imunogenicidade da Vacina , SARS-CoV-2/imunologia , Imunidade Adaptativa , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anticorpos Neutralizantes/imunologia , Anticorpos Antivirais/imunologia , Vacinas contra COVID-19/administração & dosagem , Comorbidade , Feminino , Interações Hospedeiro-Patógeno/imunologia , Humanos , Imunoglobulina G/imunologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco , Linfócitos T/imunologia , Linfócitos T/metabolismo , Adulto Jovem
6.
Leuk Lymphoma ; 62(2): 419-427, 2021 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33012207

RESUMO

We assessed the outcomes associated with thiotepa, busulfan and fludarabine (TBF) conditioning regimen in a cohort of 29 consecutive patients allografted for myelofibrosis (MF). The median age was 56 (range 42-70) years. According to the refined Dynamic International Prognostic Scoring System (DIPSS-plus), 15 (52%) patients were classified as high risk. Graft source was peripheral blood stem cells in 27 patients. Donor type was HLA-matched related (n = 5), matched unrelated (n = 16), mismatched unrelated (n = 1), and haploidentical (n = 7). All but 2 patients engrafted. The cumulative incidence (CI) of grade II-IV acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) was 21% (95% CI, 10-42) at day 100. The CI of chronic GVHD was 39% (95% CI, 23-65) at 3 years. The median follow-up period was 39 (range 14-60) months. Overall survival was 69% (95% CI, 50-83) at 3 years. No relapse was observed. TBF is a valid conditioning strategy in patients with MF.


Assuntos
Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Mielofibrose Primária , Adulto , Idoso , Bussulfano/efeitos adversos , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/etiologia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mielofibrose Primária/diagnóstico , Mielofibrose Primária/terapia , Tiotepa , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante , Vidarabina/análogos & derivados
7.
Eur J Haematol ; 106(4): 467-472, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33320379

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Relapsed/refractory peripheral T-cell lymphomas (PTCL) have a poor prognosis. We aimed at assessing efficacy of ifosfamide, carboplatin, etoposide (ICE) regimen, a known therapeutic option, to which we added brentuximab-vedotin (BV). METHODS: In this study, we retrospectively analyzed patients with PTCL treated with BV-ICE in our center between July 2014 and March 2018. RESULTS: Fourteen patients received BV-ICE. Median age was 62 years (range, 31-73). Main histological subtypes were PTCL-not otherwise specified (29%), angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma (21%), follicular-T helper (21%), or anaplastic large-cell (15%) lymphomas, all were CD30 positive. Overall response was seen in four (29%) patients, and complete response (CR) in two (14%). Most frequent adverse events were infections, and cytopenia. 2-year progression-free and overall survival were 14% and 17.5%, respectively. CONCLUSION: Patients with relapsed/refractory PTCL treated with BV-ICE can achieve CR, but few had a sustained response. This association should preferably be used as a bridge to stem cell transplant or be followed by maintenance therapy.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Linfoma de Células T Periférico/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Idoso , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Brentuximab Vedotin/administração & dosagem , Carboplatina/administração & dosagem , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Etoposídeo/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Humanos , Ifosfamida/administração & dosagem , Linfoma de Células T Periférico/diagnóstico , Linfoma de Células T Periférico/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons , Prognóstico , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
Clin Transl Immunology ; 9(9): e1171, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33005413

RESUMO

Objectives: Haploidentical haematopoietic cell transplantation (Haplo-HCT) using peripheral blood stem cell (PBSC) grafts and post-transplant cyclophosphamide (PTCy) is being increasingly used; however, data on immunological reconstitution (IR) are still scarce. Methods: This retrospective study evaluated T-cell immunological reconstitution in 106 adult patients who underwent allogeneic haematopoietic cell transplantation for haematologic malignancies between 2013 and 2016. Results: At D30, while conventional T cells reached similar median counts in Haplo-HCT recipients (n = 19) and controls (n = 87), γδ and Vδ2+ T-cell median counts were significantly lower in Haplo-HCT recipients and it persists at least until D360 for Vδ2+ T cells. PTCy induces a significant reduction in early γδ and Vδ2+ T-cell proliferation at D  7. At one year, the rate of increase in Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) viral load was significantly higher in Haplo-HCT recipients as compared to controls (61% versus 34%, P = 0.02). In multivariate analysis, a higher γδ T-cell count (> 4.63 µL-1) at D30 was the only independent parameter significantly associated with a reduced risk of increase in EBV viral load (RR 0.34; 95% CI, 0.15-0.76, P = 0.009). Conclusion: Immunological reconstitution of γδ T cells is significantly delayed after Haplo-HCT using PTCy and low-dose ATG and is associated with an increased risk of increase in EBV viral load.

9.
Clin Lymphoma Myeloma Leuk ; 20(12): 791-796, 2020 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32741743

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: More than one-third of patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) will relapse after allogenic hematopoietic cell transplant (allo-HCT). The main challenge is to overcome disease resistance to achieve a new complete remission while avoiding excessive toxicity. Gemtuzumab ozogamicin (GO), a conjugate of calicheamicin linked to the humanized monoclonal anti-CD33 antibody, has been used for refractory or relapsed AML with promising response rates, but liver toxicity of GO has long been considered a limiting factor. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We included 18 consecutive patients with AML relapsing after a first allo-HCT and treated with fractioned GO (fGO) and intensive chemotherapy. The median age was 40 years (range, 18-65). RESULTS: The overall response rate was 72% (13/18), including 7 complete remissions. No death was attributed to treatment toxicity. The main liver toxicity was transient and consisted of transaminase level elevation and hyperbilirubinemia. No cases of veno-occlusive disease were observed after the GO treatment. From the time of salvage treatment initiation, 1- and 2-year OS rates were 54% (95% confidence interval, 28%-74%) and 42% (95% confidence interval, 19%-63%), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Our study suggests the feasibility, efficacy, and safety of an fGO-based salvage regimen combined with intensive chemotherapy in patients with CD33+ AML in the case of early relapse after an allo-HCT.

10.
Cytotherapy ; 22(8): 445-449, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32434750

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AIMS: Corticosteroids are the standard first-line treatment for acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD), but they are associated with many complications, and less than half of patients have a sustained response. METHODS: To improve outcomes, we performed a retrospective study to analyze the efficacy of the addition of extracorporeal photopheresis (ECP) to low-dose corticosteroids in 37 adult patients (median age, 57 years) with skin-predominant aGVHD (grade I, n = 17; grade II, n = 18; and grade III, n = 2). All patients received ECP in combination with 1 mg/kg prednisone (n = 26) or topical steroids (n = 11). RESULTS: Overall response rate was 81% after a median of three ECP procedures (range, 2-8), including 22 complete responses (CR, 59%) and eight very good partial responses (VGPR, 22%). The 11 patients treated with topical corticosteroids achieved CR. Furthermore, 16 (62%) patients reached prednisone withdrawal at a median of 100 days (range, 42-174 days) after its initiation. Eighteen patients developed chronic GVHD (cGVHD); 11 of them (who were in CR of aGVHD) had a new-onset cGVHD, and seven experienced progressive cGVHD (five non-responding and two VGPR patients). A second-line immunosuppressive treatment was initiated in only five (14%) non-responding patients. With a median follow-up of 31 months (range, 6-57 months) 2-year overall survival and non-relapse mortality were 74% and 11%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Overall, the combination of low-dose corticosteroids and ECP appear to be safe and effective for first-line treatment of skin predominant aGVHD.


Assuntos
Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/terapia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Fotoferese , Doença Aguda , Adulto , Idoso , Doença Crônica , Feminino , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fotoferese/efeitos adversos , Indução de Remissão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Análise de Sobrevida , Transplante Homólogo/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
11.
Bone Marrow Transplant ; 55(12): 2254-2260, 2020 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32447348

RESUMO

Mobilization of peripheral blood stem cells (PBSC) can be performed using plerixafor, which is expensive, or high-dose cyclophosphamide (HDCy). We hypothesized that the overall cost of mobilization with plerixafor might not be greater if the cost of complication management was considered. We performed a cost analysis of these two strategies. This multicentric observational study recruited patients with myeloma who underwent a first PBSC mobilization. We considered direct medical costs, including hospitalization, mobilization agents, apheresis, and supportive treatments. We included 111 patients, 54 and 57 in the HDCy and plerixafor groups, respectively. Cost of mobilization with HDCy was 5097 ± 2982€ vs. 10958 ± 1789€ for plerixafor (p < 0.0001). Cost of agents used was 1287 ± 779€ vs. 6552 ± 509€, respectively (p = 0.0009). The mean number of days of hospitalization was 2 and 2.1 days, respectively (p = 0.035). All patients achieved the minimum PBSC collection target (p = 1.0); however, ASCT was performed with HDCy in 67% patients and with plerixafor in 86% (p = 0.02). Plerixafor mobilization incurred a greater cost, mostly due to the greater cost of the drug. Hospitalization length in the two groups was similar in our series. Interestingly, plerixafor appeared to be a very effective and safe mobilizing approach translating into a greater ASCT success.


Assuntos
Compostos Heterocíclicos , Mieloma Múltiplo , Células-Tronco de Sangue Periférico , Ciclofosfamida , Fator Estimulador de Colônias de Granulócitos , Mobilização de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Humanos , Mieloma Múltiplo/terapia
14.
Cancer Med ; 8(8): 3822-3830, 2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31145552

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Streptococcus pneumoniae infection causes morbidity and mortality in multiple myeloma patients. Pneumococcal vaccination is commonly given to immunocompromised myeloma patients; however response data are sparse. Here, we present longitudinal response data to pneumococcal vaccination in multiple myeloma patients. METHOD: Twenty-eight multiple myeloma patients were included, 25 of whom were newly diagnosed. All the patients received two vaccines Prevnar13® and Pneumo23®. Serotype-specific IgG was measured by ELISA for all 23 vaccine serotypes at baseline, and then sequentially at different time points postvaccination until treatment ended. Response to vaccination is available for 20 patients. The primary endpoint was the incidence rate of patients who obtained an isotype response serum concentration after vaccination. Secondary endpoints included detailed isotype increase, time to first increase, further assessment of a decreased anti-pneumococcal serum concentrations following treatment including autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT), rate of infection with a special attention to pneumococcal infection. RESULTS: The median age was 66 years and the male to female ratio was 0.6. Anti-pneumococcal capsular polysaccharide (anti-PCP23) IgG, IgG2, IgA, and IgM responses were detected within 1 week postvaccination. Response to at least one subtype of antibody was obtained in 85% (n = 17) of patients, for at least two subtypes in 65% (n = 13), for at least three subtypes in 55% (n = 11), and 2 patients responded to all four subtypes. The median increase in the concentration of anti-PCP23 isotypes was threefold following vaccination, with the highest increase observed when Pneumo23® was given more than 30 days after Prevnar13®. The anti-pneumococcal geometric mean concentration decreased significantly for all subtypes over time independently of treatment approaches. CONCLUSION: Myeloma has the ability to demonstrate a response to pneumococcal vaccine, independently of preexisting hypogammaglobulinemia and possibly of treatment-induced immunodepression. We also observed a drop in the serum response overtime and following autologous transplantation. Further studies in larger sample are needed to understand the benefit of vaccination strategies in these patients.


Assuntos
Mieloma Múltiplo/complicações , Infecções Pneumocócicas/etiologia , Infecções Pneumocócicas/prevenção & controle , Vacinas Pneumocócicas/imunologia , Adulto , Idoso , Anticorpos Antibacterianos/imunologia , Linfócitos B/imunologia , Linfócitos B/metabolismo , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Feminino , Humanos , Memória Imunológica , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Vacinas Pneumocócicas/administração & dosagem , Vacinação
15.
Int J Antimicrob Agents ; 53(6): 781-788, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30831232

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Antibiotics for febrile neutropenia (FN) in acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) patients undergoing intensive chemotherapy are usually maintained until neutropenia resolution, because of the risk of uncontrolled sepsis in this vulnerable population. This leads to unnecessarily prolonged antimicrobial therapy. METHODS: Based on ECIL-4 recommendations, we modified our management strategy and discontinued antibiotics after a pre-established duration in patients treated for a first episode of FN between August 2014 and October 2017. RESULTS: Antibiotics were stopped during 62 FN episodes, and maintained in the control group (n = 13). Median age of patients was 54 years. A total of 39 (63%) patients received induction and 23 (37%) consolidation chemotherapy; 36 (58%) patients had fever of unknown origin. Median neutropenia length was 26 days (IQR 24-30). Antibiotics were started at day 9 (IQR 5-13). Most patients received piperacillin-tazobactam (56%) or cefepime (32%). Antimicrobial therapy was longer in the control group than in the policy compliant group, 10 (IQR 7-16) vs. 19 days (IQR 15-23), P = 0.0001. After antibiotics discontinuation, 20% patients experienced fever recurrence, within 5.5 days (IQR 3-7.5). None of these febrile episodes were severe and 80% patients remained afebrile, with neutrophil recovery occurring within 5 days (IQR 2-8.5). Overall, 287 antibiotics days were spared; this represents 49% of all days with antibiotics. No patient had died at day 30 from intervention; six died during late follow-up, two from graft-versus-host disease and four from relapsed or refractory leukaemia. CONCLUSIONS: Discontinuing antibiotics in neutropenic AML patients treated for a first episode of FN is safe, and results in significant antibiotic sparing.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/administração & dosagem , Febre de Causa Desconhecida/tratamento farmacológico , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/complicações , Neutropenia/complicações , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Suspensão de Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
16.
Cancers (Basel) ; 10(6)2018 May 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29848986

RESUMO

Background: We analyzed telomere maintenance mechanisms (TMMs) in lymph node samples from HL patients treated with standard therapy. The TMMs correlated with clinical outcomes of patients. Materials and Methods: Lymph node biopsies obtained from 38 HL patients and 24 patients with lymphadenitis were included in this study. Seven HL cell lines were used as in vitro models. Telomerase activity (TA) was assessed by TRAP assay and verified through hTERT immunofluorescence expression; alternative telomere lengthening (ALT) was also assessed, along with EBV status. Results: Both TA and ALT mechanisms were present in HL lymph nodes. Our findings were reproduced in HL cell lines. The highest levels of TA were expressed in CD30-/CD15- cells. Small cells were identified with ALT and TA. Hodgkin and Reed Sternberg cells contained high levels of PML bodies, but had very low hTERT expression. There was a significant correlation between overall survival (p < 10-3), event-free survival (p < 10-4), and freedom from progression (p < 10-3) and the presence of an ALT profile in lymph nodes of EBV+ patients. Conclusion: The presence of both types of TMMs in HL lymph nodes and in HL cell lines has not previously been reported. TMMs correlate with the treatment outcome of EBV+ HL patients.

17.
J Clin Invest ; 128(7): 3071-3087, 2018 07 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29889099

RESUMO

Ikaros/IKZF1 is an essential transcription factor expressed throughout hematopoiesis. IKZF1 is implicated in lymphocyte and myeloid differentiation and negative regulation of cell proliferation. In humans, somatic mutations in IKZF1 have been linked to the development of B cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in children and adults. Recently, heterozygous germline IKZF1 mutations have been identified in patients with a B cell immune deficiency mimicking common variable immunodeficiency. These mutations demonstrated incomplete penetrance and led to haploinsufficiency. Herein, we report 7 unrelated patients with a novel early-onset combined immunodeficiency associated with de novo germline IKZF1 heterozygous mutations affecting amino acid N159 located in the DNA-binding domain of IKZF1. Different bacterial and viral infections were diagnosed, but Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia was reported in all patients. One patient developed a T cell ALL. This immunodeficiency was characterized by innate and adaptive immune defects, including low numbers of B cells, neutrophils, eosinophils, and myeloid dendritic cells, as well as T cell and monocyte dysfunctions. Notably, most T cells exhibited a naive phenotype and were unable to evolve into effector memory cells. Functional studies indicated these mutations act as dominant negative. This defect expands the clinical spectrum of human IKZF1-associated diseases from somatic to germline, from haploinsufficient to dominant negative.


Assuntos
Mutação em Linhagem Germinativa , Fator de Transcrição Ikaros/genética , Síndromes de Imunodeficiência/genética , Síndromes de Imunodeficiência/imunologia , Mutação com Perda de Função , Adolescente , Adulto , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Substituição de Aminoácidos , Linfócitos B/imunologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Genes Dominantes , Heterozigoto , Humanos , Fator de Transcrição Ikaros/química , Fator de Transcrição Ikaros/imunologia , Lactente , Masculino , Células Mieloides/imunologia , Linhagem , Fenótipo , Domínios Proteicos/genética , Homologia de Sequência de Aminoácidos , Linfócitos T/imunologia , Adulto Jovem
18.
Front Oncol ; 8: 665, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30687640

RESUMO

Multiple Myeloma (MM) is an incurable disease characterized by a clonal evolution across the course of the diseases and multiple lines of treatment. Among genomic drivers of the disease, alterations of the tumor suppressor TP53 are associated with poor outcomes. In physiological situation, once activated by oncogenic stress or DNA damage, p53 induces either cell-cycle arrest or apoptosis depending on the cellular context. Its inactivation participates to drug resistance in MM. The frequency of TP53 alterations increases along with the progression of the disease, from 5 at diagnosis to 75% at late relapses. Multiple mechanisms of regulation lead to decreased expression of p53, such as deletion 17p, TP53 mutations, specific microRNAs overexpression, TP53 promoter methylations, and MDM2 overexpression. Several therapeutic approaches aim to target the p53 pathway, either by blocking its interaction with MDM2 or by restoring the function of the altered protein. In this review, we describe the mechanism of deregulation of TP53 in MM, its role in MM progression, and the therapeutic options to interact with the TP53 pathway.

19.
Clin Cancer Res ; 20(12): 3254-60, 2014 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24714772

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Solitary plasmacytoma (SP) is a localized proliferation of monoclonal plasma cells in either bone or soft tissue, without evidence of multiple myeloma (MM), and whose prognosis is marked by a high risk of transformation to MM. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: We studied the impact of FDG-PET/CT (2[18F]fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose positron emission tomography-computed tomography) on the risk of transformation of SP to overt MM among other markers in a series of 43 patients diagnosed with SP. RESULTS: Median age was 57.5 years; 48% of patients had an abnormal involved serum-free light chain (sFLC) value, and 64% had an abnormal sFLC ratio at diagnosis. Thirty-three percent had two or more hypermetabolic lesions on initial PET/CT, and 20% had two or more focal lesions on initial MRI. With a median follow-up of 50 months, 14 patients transformed to MM with a median time (TTMM) of 71 months. The risk factors that significantly shortened TTMM at diagnosis were two or more hypermetabolic lesions on PET/CT, abnormal sFLC ratio and involved sFLC, and to a lesser extent at completion of treatment, absence of normalized involved sFLC and PET/CT or MRI. In a multivariate analysis, abnormal initial involved sFLC [OR = 10; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1-87; P = 0.008] and PET/CT (OR = 5; 95% CI, 0-9; P = 0.032) independently shortened TTMM. CONCLUSIONS: An abnormal involved sFLC value and the presence of at least two hypermetabolic lesions on PET/CT at diagnosis of SP were the two predictors of early evolution to myeloma in our series. This data analysis will need confirmation in a larger study, and the study of these two risk factors may lead to a different management of patients with SP in the future. .


Assuntos
Neoplasias Ósseas/patologia , Transformação Celular Neoplásica/patologia , Fluordesoxiglucose F18 , Cadeias Leves de Imunoglobulina/metabolismo , Mieloma Múltiplo/patologia , Plasmocitoma/patologia , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons/métodos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Idoso , Biomarcadores Tumorais/análise , Neoplasias Ósseas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Ósseas/mortalidade , Transformação Celular Neoplásica/metabolismo , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mieloma Múltiplo/metabolismo , Mieloma Múltiplo/mortalidade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Plasmocitoma/metabolismo , Plasmocitoma/mortalidade , Prognóstico , Compostos Radiofarmacêuticos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida
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