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1.
Mol Reprod Dev ; 86(12): 1874-1886, 2019 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31621988

RESUMO

This study evaluates the levels of messenger RNA (mRNA) for eIF4E, PARN, H1FOO, cMOS, GDF9, and CCNB1 in oocytes from secondary and antral follicles at different stages of development. The effects of in vitro culture, in vitro prematuration, and in vitro maturation on the expression of these genes on oocytes were also analyzed. The results showed that mRNA levels for H1FOO, GDF9, and PARN were higher in oocytes from small, medium, and large antral follicles, respectively, than those seen in secondary follicles. Oocytes from small, medium, and large antral follicles had higher levels of CCNB1 than oocytes from secondary follicles. Oocytes from cultured secondary follicles had higher levels of GDF9, CMOS, PARN, eIF4E, CCNB1, and H1FOO than before culture. Prematured oocytes from small antral follicles had higher levels of mRNA for GDF9, PARN, and eIF4E than before culture. In addition, higher levels of cMOS and H1FOO were identified in prematured oocytes from medium antral follicles. In conclusion, follicular growth is associated with an increase in the expression of H1FOO, GDF9, CCNB1, and PARN. The culture of secondary follicles, prematuration, and maturation of oocytes from antral follicles increase the expression of eIF4E, PARN, H1FOO, cMOS, GDF9, and CCNB1.


Assuntos
Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Técnicas de Maturação in Vitro de Oócitos , Oócitos/metabolismo , Folículo Ovariano/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/biossíntese , Animais , Bovinos , Feminino , Oócitos/citologia , Folículo Ovariano/citologia
2.
Reprod Domest Anim ; 53(4): 997-1005, 2018 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29943395

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to determine the effects of TNF-α and IL-1ß on development and survival of bovine secondary follicle culture in vitro for 18 days. Secondary follicles (~0.2 mm) were isolated from ovarian cortex and individually cultured at 38.5°C, with 5% CO2 in air, for 18 days, in TCM-199+ alone (cultured control) or supplemented with 10 ng/ml IL-1ß, 10 ng/ml TNF-α or both TNF-α and IL-1ß. The effects of these treatments on growth, follicular survival, antrum formation, viability, ultrastructure and mRNA levels for GDF-9, c-MOS, H1foo and Cyclin B1 were evaluated. The results showed that addition of TNF-α to culture medium increased follicular diameter and rate of antrum formation, whereas that of IL-1ß and a mixture of IL-1ß and TNF-α did not do so. Ultrastructural analysis showed that, among the tested cytokine treatments, follicles cultured in the presence of TNF-α had the best-preserved oocytes and granulosa cells. The presence of TNF-α, IL-1ß or both did not influence the expression of mRNAs analysed. In conclusion, in contrast to IL-1ß, TNF-α promotes growth of and antrum formation in in vitro cultured bovine secondary follicles, while their ultrastructure and viability were maintained.


Assuntos
Bovinos/fisiologia , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Interleucina-1beta/farmacologia , Folículo Ovariano/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/farmacologia , Animais , Ciclina B1/genética , Ciclina B1/metabolismo , Feminino , Fator 9 de Diferenciação de Crescimento/genética , Fator 9 de Diferenciação de Crescimento/metabolismo , Histonas/genética , Histonas/metabolismo , Interleucina-1beta/administração & dosagem , Folículo Ovariano/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-mos/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-mos/metabolismo , Técnicas de Cultura de Tecidos/veterinária , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/administração & dosagem
3.
Histol Histopathol ; 33(1): 41-53, 2018 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28197987

RESUMO

Frutalin is a galactose-binding lectin that has an irreversible cytotoxic effect on HeLa cervical cancer cells, by inducing apoptosis and inhibiting cell proliferation. It was previously shown that after in vitro incubation, frutalin is internalized into HeLa cells nucleus, which indicates that frutalin apoptosis-inducing activity might be linked with its nuclear localization. Considering that drugs commonly used for cancer treatment have a deleterious effect on germ cells, the aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of frutalin on the activation, survival, ultrastructure and gene expression in follicles cultured within ovarian tissue. Goat ovarian fragments were cultured for 6 days in α-MEM⁺ alone or supplemented with frutalin (1, 10, 50, 100 or 200 µg/ml). Non-culturad and cultured tissues were processed for histological and ultrastructural analysis and they were also stored to evaluate the expression of anti- and pro-apoptotic genes by quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR). The results showed that the frutalin, at all concentrations tested, reduced follicular survival when compared with control medium. Higher concentrations of frutalin (50, 100 or 200 µg/ml) also reduced follicular survival when compared with those tissues cultured with 1 or 10 µg/ml of frutalin. The ultrastructural analysis showed that atretic cultured follicles had retracted oocytes and a large number of vacuoles spread throughout the cytoplasm. In addition, signs of damage of mitochondrial membranes and cristae were observed. Moreover, although a dose-response effect on gene expression has not been observed, when compared with tissues culture in control medium, the presence of frutalin increased in mRNA expression pro-apoptotic genes. In conclusion, frutalin reduces follicular survival at all concentrations tested, its effects being more pronounced when high concentrations of this lectin (50, 100 and 200 µg/ml) are used. Gene expression profile and ultrastrutural features of cultured follicles suggest that follicular death in goat ovarian tissue cultured in presence of frutalin occurs via necrosis.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/toxicidade , Galectinas/toxicidade , Folículo Ovariano/efeitos dos fármacos , Ovário/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Morte Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Feminino , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Cabras , Necrose , Folículo Ovariano/metabolismo , Folículo Ovariano/ultraestrutura , Ovário/metabolismo , Ovário/ultraestrutura , Fatores de Tempo , Técnicas de Cultura de Tecidos
4.
Histol Histopathol ; 33(2): 121-132, 2018 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28691729

RESUMO

Infertility is the result of failure due to an organic disorder of the reproductive organs, especially their gametes. Recently, much progress has been made on generating germ cells, including oocytes, from various types of stem cells. This review focuses on advances in female germ cell differentiation from different kinds of stem cells, with emphasis on embryonic stem cells, adult stem cells, and induced pluripotent stem cells. The advantages and disadvantages of the derivation of female germ cells from several types of stem cells are also highlighted, as well as the ability of stem cells to generate mature and functional female gametes. This review shows that stem cell therapies have opened new frontiers in medicine, especially in the reproductive area, with the possibility of regenerating fertility.


Assuntos
Diferenciação Celular/fisiologia , Células Germinativas/citologia , Oócitos/citologia , Células-Tronco/citologia , Animais , Feminino , Humanos
5.
Histol Histopathol ; 31(3): 339-48, 2016 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26435174

RESUMO

This study evaluates the effect of different concentrations (0, 10, 50 and 100ng/mL) of bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) on primordial and secondary follicle development. It also investigates the effects of FSH and BMP-2 on the growth, morphology, ultrastructure and expression of mRNA for GDF9, NLRP5 and NPM2 genes in secondary follicles cultured for 18 days. The presence of BMP-2 at all tested concentrations increased the development of primordial follicles in vitro, but the highest concentration of BMP-2 (100 ng/mL) reduced the percentage of normal follicles when compared with tissues cultured with 10 ng/mL BMP-2. During culture of secondary follicles, in contrast to higher concentrations (50 or 100 ng/mL), 10 ng/mL BMP-2 kept the morphology of follicles during initial stages of in vitro culture. This concentration of BMP-2 also benefits maintenance of the ultrastructure of 18-day cultured follicles. The presence of both BMP-2 and FSH in culture medium resulted in a significant (P<0.05) increase in follicular diameter after 18 days of culture. However, both FSH and BMP-2 reduced follicular mRNA expression of GDF9 and NLRP5 when compared to follicles cultured in media containing only FSH. In combination with FSH, BMP-2 reduced the mRNA levels of NPM2, when compared to follicles cultured in control medium. It is concluded from these data that 10 ng/mL BMP-2 promotes the growth of primordial in vitro and it helps to maintain the ultrastructure of secondary follicles, while FSH is more important for better expression of follicular markers like GDF9 and NLRP5.


Assuntos
Proteína Morfogenética Óssea 2/metabolismo , Folículo Ovariano/fisiologia , Animais , Proteína Morfogenética Óssea 2/farmacologia , Bovinos , Células Cultivadas , Feminino , Hormônio Foliculoestimulante/metabolismo , Hormônio Foliculoestimulante/farmacologia , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Fator 9 de Diferenciação de Crescimento/biossíntese , Técnicas In Vitro , Nucleoplasminas/biossíntese , Oócitos , Folículo Ovariano/efeitos dos fármacos , RNA Mensageiro/análise
6.
Zygote ; 24(1): 1-17, 2016 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25613521

RESUMO

The bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) family consists of several growth factor proteins that belong to the transforming growth factor-ß (TGF-ß) superfamily. BMPs bind to type I and type II serine-threonine kinase receptors, and transduce signals through the Smad signalling pathway. BMPs have been identified in mammalian ovaries, and functional studies have shown that they are involved in the regulation of oogenesis and folliculogenesis. This review summarizes the role of the BMP system during formation, growth and maturation of ovarian follicles in mammals.


Assuntos
Proteínas Morfogenéticas Ósseas/fisiologia , Oogênese/fisiologia , Ovário/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Animais , Receptores de Proteínas Morfogenéticas Ósseas/genética , Receptores de Proteínas Morfogenéticas Ósseas/metabolismo , Feminino , Mamíferos , Ovário/fisiologia , Transdução de Sinais
7.
Zygote ; 23(4): 537-49, 2015 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24869637

RESUMO

This study aims to investigate the effects of jacalin and follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) on activation and survival of goat primordial follicles, as well as on gene expression in cultured ovarian tissue. Ovarian fragments were cultured for 6 days in minimum essential medium (MEM) supplemented with jacalin (10, 25, 50 or 100 µg/ml - Experiment 1) or in MEM supplemented with jacalin (50 µg/ml), FSH (50 ng/ml) or both (Experiment 2). Non-cultured and cultured tissues were processed for histological and ultrastructural analysis. Cultured tissues from Experiment 2 were also stored to evaluate the expression of BMP-15, KL (Kit ligand), c-kit, GDF-9 and proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) by real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR). The results of Experiment 1 showed that, compared with tissue that was cultured in control medium, the presence of 50 µg/ml of jacalin increased both the percentages of developing follicles and viability. In Experiment 2, after 6 days, higher percentages of normal follicles were observed in tissue cultured in presence of FSH, jacalin or both, but no synergistic interaction between FSH and jacalin was observed. These substances had no significant effect on the levels of mRNA for BMP-15 and KL, but FSH increased significantly the levels of mRNA for PCNA and c-kit. On the other hand, jacalin reduced the levels of mRNA for GDF-9. In conclusion, jacalin and FSH are able to improve primordial follicle activation and survival after 6 days of culture. Furthermore, presence of FSH increases the expression of mRNA for PCNA and c-kit, but jacalin resulted in lower GDF-9 mRNA expression.


Assuntos
Hormônio Foliculoestimulante/farmacologia , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Folículo Ovariano/efeitos dos fármacos , Lectinas de Plantas/farmacologia , Animais , Proteína Morfogenética Óssea 15/genética , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Feminino , Cabras , Fator 9 de Diferenciação de Crescimento/genética , Folículo Ovariano/citologia , Folículo Ovariano/fisiologia , Antígeno Nuclear de Célula em Proliferação/genética , Fator de Células-Tronco/genética , Técnicas de Cultura de Tecidos
8.
Braz. arch. biol. technol ; 57(2): 200-208, Mar.-Apr. 2014. ilus, graf, tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: lil-705746

RESUMO

The aim of the present study was to determine the role of GDF-9 and/or FSH on the growth and mRNA expression for FSH-R, GDF-9, and BMPs in goat secondary follicles after culture in vitro. Goat secondary follicles (~200µm) were isolated and cultured for six days in minimum essential medium (MEM) supplemented with GDF-9 (200 ng/mL), FSH (50 ng/mL) or both. At the beginning and end of culture, the follicular diameter was evaluated and compared. The levels of mRNA for GDF-9, FSH-R and BMPs -2, -4, -6, -7 and -15 in cultured follicles were quantified by real time PCR. The results showed that a significant increase of follicle diameter after six days when compared to day 0, but the presence of GDF-9 and FSH did not influence the follicular growth in comparison with those cultured in MEM. Real time PCR showed that GDF-9 down-regulated the levels of mRNA for BMPs -2 and -15, while FSH either alone or in combination with GDF-9 did not affect the expression of GDF-9, FSH-R and BMPs. In conclusion, GDF-9 reduced the expression of BMP-2 and -15 in caprine preantral follicles after their culture, but FSH either alone or in association with GDF-9 did not control the expression of GDF-9, FSH-R and BMPs.

9.
Zygote ; 22(4): 521-32, 2014 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23659735

RESUMO

This study investigated mRNA levels for insulin-like growth factors (IGFs) IGF1 (IGF-I) and IGF2 (IGF-II), IGF receptors (IGF1R and IGF2R), and binding proteins (IGFBP-1, IGFBP-2. IGFBP-3, IGFBP-4, IGFBP-5 and IGFBP-6) in bovine follicles of 0.2, 0.5 or 1.0 mm in diameter. mRNA expression levels in in vitro cultured follicles that reached approximately 0.5 mm were compared with that of in vivo grown follicles. IGF1R and IGF2R expression levels in 0.5 mm in vivo follicles were higher than in 1.0 or 0.2 mm follicles, respectively. IGFBP-1, IGFBP-2. IGFBP-3, IGFBP-4, IGFBP-5 and IGFBP-6 showed variable expression in the follicular size classes analyzed. In vitro grown follicles had significantly reduced expression levels for IGF1, IGF1R, IGFBP-3, IGFBP-5 and IGFBP-6 mRNA when compared with 0.2 mm follicles, but, when compared with in vivo grown follicles (0.5 mm), only IGFBP-1, IGFBP-2, IGFBP-3 and IGFBP-6 showed a reduction in their expression. In conclusion, IGFs, their receptors and IGFBPs showed variable expression of mRNA levels in the follicular size classes analyzed.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Ligação a Fator de Crescimento Semelhante a Insulina/genética , Fator de Crescimento Insulin-Like II/genética , Fator de Crescimento Insulin-Like I/genética , Folículo Ovariano/fisiologia , Receptores de Somatomedina/genética , Animais , Bovinos , Feminino , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Proteína 1 de Ligação a Fator de Crescimento Semelhante à Insulina/genética , Proteína 3 de Ligação a Fator de Crescimento Semelhante à Insulina/genética , Proteína 4 de Ligação a Fator de Crescimento Semelhante à Insulina/genética , Proteína 5 de Ligação a Fator de Crescimento Semelhante à Insulina/genética , Proteína 6 de Ligação a Fator de Crescimento Semelhante à Insulina/genética , Folículo Ovariano/citologia , RNA Mensageiro , Receptor IGF Tipo 2/genética , Técnicas de Cultura de Tecidos
10.
Zygote ; 21(3): 270-8, 2013 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22008252

RESUMO

Expression of BMP-6 mRNA was quantified by real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and the BMP-6 protein was demonstrated by immunohistochemistry in the primordial, primary, secondary, small and large antral follicles of goat. Furthermore, the influence of BMP-6 on increase in diameter, antrum formation and expression of BMP-6 and FSH-R in in vitro cultured secondary follicles was studied. Therefore, goat primordial, primary and secondary follicles, as well as small and large antral follicles were obtained and the mRNA levels of BMP-6 were quantified by PCR in real time. Expression of BMP-6 protein in goat follicles was demonstrated by immunohistochemistry. The influence of BMP-6 in the presence or absence of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) on both the development of secondary follicles and the expression of mRNA for BMP-6 and FSH-R was evaluated after 6 days of culture. Furthermore, the follicular diameter and the formation of the antrum were evaluated before and after 6 days of culture and compared by Kruskal-Wallis and chi-squared tests (P < 0.05), respectively. The results show that the level of mRNA for BMP-6 in primary and secondary follicles was significantly higher than in the primordial follicles (P < 0.05). Similar levels of BMP-6 mRNA were observed in cumulus-oocyte complexes and mural granulosa/theca cells from small and large antral follicles, respectively. BMP-6 protein was expressed in oocytes of all categories of follicles and in granulosa cells from secondary follicles onwards. Addition of BMP-6 to the culture medium increased the diameter of secondary follicles mainly by antrum formation after 6 days' culture, in the presence or absence of FSH (P < 0.05). Furthermore, addition of FSH resulted in increased levels of BMP-6 mRNA in these follicles (P < 0.05). Simultaneous administration of FSH and BMP-6 enhanced the levels of FSH receptor (FSH-R) mRNA (P < 0.05). It is concluded that BMP-6 mRNA is increased during transition from primordial to primary/secondary follicles in the goat ovaries and that BMP-6 enhances the growth of cultured secondary follicles.


Assuntos
Proteína Morfogenética Óssea 6/genética , Folículo Ovariano/fisiologia , Animais , Proteína Morfogenética Óssea 6/metabolismo , Proteína Morfogenética Óssea 6/farmacologia , Meios de Cultura/química , Meios de Cultura/farmacologia , Células do Cúmulo/metabolismo , Feminino , Hormônio Foliculoestimulante/metabolismo , Hormônio Foliculoestimulante/farmacologia , Regulação da Expressão Gênica no Desenvolvimento , Células da Granulosa/efeitos dos fármacos , Células da Granulosa/fisiologia , Folículo Ovariano/efeitos dos fármacos , Folículo Ovariano/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Ovário/fisiologia , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Receptores do FSH/genética , Técnicas de Cultura de Tecidos
11.
Zygote ; 20(4): 379-88, 2012 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22475070

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of adding ascorbic acid to the media for in vitro culture of cattle ovarian fragments and to determine their effects on growth activation and viability of early-stage follicles. The ovarian cortex was divided into small fragments; one fragment was immediately fixed (control) and the other fragments were cultured in minimum essential medium (MEM) supplemented or not with various doses of ascorbic acid. Ovarian tissue was processed for histology, transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and immunohistochemical demonstration of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA). Compared with control fragments, the percentage of primordial follicles was reduced (p < 0.05) and the percentage of growing follicles had increased (p < 0.05) in cultured cortical fragments, independent of the tested medium or incubation time. Furthermore, compared with control tissue, culture of ovarian cortex for 8 days reduced the percentages of healthy, viable follicles (p < 0.05), but not when cultures were supplemented with 25, 50 or 100 µg/ml of ascorbic acid. Ultrastructural and immunohistochemical analysis of 8 day cultured ovarian cortical fragments, however, showed the integrity and viability of follicles only when fragments were cultured in presence of 50 µg/ml of ascorbic acid. In conclusion, this study demonstrated that addition of ascorbic acid to MEM at a concentration of 50 µg/ml not only stimulates the activation of 8 day in vitro cultured cattle primordial follicles and subsequent growth of activated follicles, but also safeguards the viability of these early-stage follicles.


Assuntos
Ácido Ascórbico/farmacologia , Folículo Ovariano/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Bovinos , Meios de Cultura , Feminino , Hormônio Foliculoestimulante/metabolismo , Microscopia Eletrônica de Transmissão , Folículo Ovariano/metabolismo , Folículo Ovariano/ultraestrutura , Antígeno Nuclear de Célula em Proliferação/análise
12.
Zygote ; 19(1): 71-83, 2011 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20587134

RESUMO

The aim of the present study was to investigate the stability of six housekeeping genes, and the relative expression of growth factors (EGF, GDF-9, BMP-15, VEGF, FGF-2, BMP-6, IGF-1 and KL) and hormone receptors (FSH, LH and GH) in goat preantral follicles. To evaluate to stability of housekeeping genes micro-dissected fresh follicles (150-200 µm) as well as follicles that have been in vitro cultured for 12 days were used. In addition, isolated fresh follicles were used to compare expression of various growth factors and hormone receptors before culture. Both fresh and cultured follicles were subjected to total RNA extraction and synthesis of cDNA. After amplification of cDNA by real-time PCR, the geNorm software program was used to evaluate the stability of glyceraldehyde-2-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH), ß-tubulin, ß-actin, phosphoglycerokinase (PGK), 18S rRNA, ubiquitin (UBQ) and ribosomal protein 19 (RPL-19). In addition, follicular steady-state levels of mRNA from the various growth factors under study were compared. Results demonstrated that, in goat preantral follicles, UBQ and ß-actin were the most suitable reference genes and thus could be used as parameters to normalize data from future in vitro studies. In contrast, 18S RNA appeared the least stable gene among the tested housekeeping genes. Analysis of mRNA for several hypophyseal hormone receptors in fresh preantral follicles showed significantly higher FSH-R mRNA levels than those of LH-R and GH-R, and no difference between GH-R and LH-R mRNA levels. In regard growth factor mRNA expression in goat preantral follicles, EGF mRNA levels appeared significantly lower than those of the other studied growth factors. Increasingly higher relative mRNA levels were observed for GDF-9, BMP-15, BMP-6, FGF-2, VEGF, Kl and IGF-1, successively. In conclusion, UBQ and ß-actin are the most stable housekeeping genes in fresh and 12-days cultured caprine preantral follicles. Furthermore, in fresh follicles, high levels of FSH-R mRNA are detected while among eight growth factors, IGF-1 is the most highly expressed and EGF the weakest expressed compound.


Assuntos
Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intercelular/genética , Folículo Ovariano/metabolismo , Actinas/genética , Actinas/metabolismo , Animais , Proteína Morfogenética Óssea 6/genética , Proteína Morfogenética Óssea 6/metabolismo , DNA Complementar/metabolismo , Feminino , Fator 2 de Crescimento de Fibroblastos/genética , Fator 2 de Crescimento de Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Hormônio Foliculoestimulante/genética , Hormônio Foliculoestimulante/metabolismo , Cabras/genética , Cabras/metabolismo , Fator 9 de Diferenciação de Crescimento/genética , Fator 9 de Diferenciação de Crescimento/metabolismo , Hormônio do Crescimento/genética , Hormônio do Crescimento/metabolismo , Fator de Crescimento Insulin-Like I/genética , Fator de Crescimento Insulin-Like I/metabolismo , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intercelular/metabolismo , Hormônio Luteinizante/genética , Hormônio Luteinizante/metabolismo , Folículo Ovariano/embriologia , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Tubulina (Proteína)/genética , Tubulina (Proteína)/metabolismo
13.
Zygote ; 14(2): 107-17, 2006 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16719946

RESUMO

To examine the possibility that epidermal growth factor (EGF) and its receptor (EGF-R) are expressed throughout folliculogenesis, we studied the presence and distribution of EGF and EGF-R in goat ovaries. Ovaries of goats were collected and either fixed in paraformaldehyde for immunohistochemical localization of proteins, or used for the isolation of follicles, luteal cells and ovarian surface epithelium to study mRNA expression for EGF and EGF-R, using the reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction. EGF protein and mRNA were found in primordial, primary and secondary follicles as well as in small and large antral follicles and in surface epithelium, but in corpora lutea only the protein could be detected. Antral follicles expressed EGF mRNA in oocyte, cumulus, mural granulosa and theca cells. For EGF-R, both protein and mRNA were present at all stages of follicular development and in all antral follicular compartments. EGF-R protein and mRNA were also found in corpora lutea and surface epithelium. It is concluded that EGF and its receptor are expressed in goat ovarian follicles at all stages of follicle development, in corpora lutea, and in ovarian surface epithelium.


Assuntos
Fator de Crescimento Epidérmico/genética , Fator de Crescimento Epidérmico/metabolismo , Receptores ErbB/genética , Receptores ErbB/metabolismo , Cabras/metabolismo , Ovário/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/biossíntese , Animais , Sequência de Bases , Fator de Crescimento Epidérmico/biossíntese , Receptores ErbB/biossíntese , Feminino , Imuno-Histoquímica , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa
14.
Fertil Steril ; 83 Suppl 1: 1188-96, 2005 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-15831292

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the immunocytochemical expression and presence of mRNA transcripts of oncostatin M (OSM) and its exclusive receptor (OSM-Rbeta) in ovaries from human adults and fetuses. DESIGN: Immunocytochemical and reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) study. SETTING: Major tertiary care and referral academic centers. PATIENT(S): Ten women and girls undergoing laparoscopic ovarian biopsy and 30 women undergoing second-trimester and third-trimester pregnancy terminations. INTERVENTION(S): None. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Microscopic morphometric analysis, immunocytochemistry for OSM and OSM-Rbeta, and RT-PCR analyses. RESULT(S): There was strong to moderate immunocytochemical staining for OSM in both oocytes and granulosa cells of follicles from primordial stages onwards in ovaries from both fetuses and adults/adolescents. OSM-Rbeta was detected mainly in the oocytes. Transcripts of OSM and OSM-Rbeta RNA were detected by RT-PCR analyses. CONCLUSION(S): The expression of OSM and its receptor in ovarian tissue from fetuses and women suggests a possible role of OSM in growth initiation of human primordial follicles.


Assuntos
Folículo Ovariano/embriologia , Folículo Ovariano/fisiologia , Peptídeos/genética , Peptídeos/metabolismo , Receptores de Citocinas/genética , Receptores de Citocinas/metabolismo , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Feto , Idade Gestacional , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Oncostatina M , Folículo Ovariano/citologia , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , RNA Mensageiro/análise , Receptores de Oncostatina M , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa
15.
Theriogenology ; 63(6): 1717-51, 2005 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-15763114

RESUMO

The limited knowledge on the regulation of oocyte formation, the different steps of folliculogenesis and the required conditions for oocytes to undergo proper growth, differentiation and maturation are major causes of the failure in obtaining viable offspring from in vitro cultured early oocytes from domestic animals and humans. This review highlights the factors that at present are known to be involved in the formation of mammalian oocytes and their growth, differentiation and maturation within ovarian follicles.


Assuntos
Oócitos/citologia , Oócitos/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Folículo Ovariano/citologia , Animais , Diferenciação Celular , Células Cultivadas , Feminino , Substâncias de Crescimento/fisiologia , Humanos , Hormônio Luteinizante , Oócitos/fisiologia , Folículo Ovariano/fisiologia , Proteínas Quinases
16.
Fertil Steril ; 81(3): 716-9, 2004 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-15037432

RESUMO

Ovarian follicles obtained from second and third-trimester human fetuses survived 4 weeks in organ culture and secreted 17-beta estradiol (E(2)).


Assuntos
Congelamento , Folículo Ovariano/embriologia , Sobrevivência de Tecidos , Feminino , Feto/fisiologia , Humanos , Técnicas de Cultura de Órgãos , Fatores de Tempo
17.
Anim Reprod Sci ; 81(3-4): 273-86, 2004 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-14998653

RESUMO

The development of culture systems to support the initiation of growth of primordial follicles is important to the study of the factors that control the earliest stages of folliculogenesis. We investigated the effectiveness of five culture media, two supplements and three culture periods on the survival and growth of goat primordial follicles after culturing ovarian cortex. The media were based on minimal essential minimum (MEM) and coconut water solution (CWS) added in the proportion of 0, 25, 50, 75 or 100%. The two supplements were none versus supplemented with insulin-transferrin-selenium, pyruvate, glutamine, hypoxanthine, and BSA. Pieces of goat ovarian cortex were cultured in the media for 1, 3 or 5 days and representative samples were evaluated at day 0 as non-cultured controls. The replicates were the two ovaries of five mixed breed goats. The number of primordial, intermediate, primary and secondary follicles at each period of culture and the number of degenerated follicles were evaluated. Mitotic activity of granulosa cells was studied by immunolocalization of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA). The number of follicles in each stage and degenerated follicles were statistically analyzed by ANOVA using a factorial design and the significance of differences assessed using Tukey test. Chi-square test was used to compare the percentage of follicles with PCNA positive granulosa cells. As the culture period progressed, the number of primordial follicles fell and there was a significant increase in the number of primary follicles. The fall in the number of primordial follicles was particularly marked after 1 day culture. No effect of media on the number of primordial and primary follicles was observed after culture, but MEM as well as supplements increased the number of intermediate follicles. Follicular degeneration was kept at the same level after culture in the media tested, except for pure CWS that increased the number of degenerated follicles. In contrast, addition of supplements to culture media reduced follicular degeneration. In non-cultured tissue, PCNA was expressed in granulosa cells of 31.6% of the growing follicles. This percentage had not significantly changed after 5 days culture in the various media, indicating the maintenance of proliferation activity of granulosa cells during culture. In conclusion, it is shown that goat primordial follicles may be successfully activated after in vitro culture in all media tested. However, when pure CWS is used the follicular degeneration is enhanced, but the addition of supplements to culture media decrease follicular degeneration.


Assuntos
Cocos , Meios de Cultura , Cabras/fisiologia , Folículo Ovariano/fisiologia , Ovário/fisiologia , Água , Animais , Divisão Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Técnicas de Cultura , Feminino , Glutamina/farmacologia , Células da Granulosa/citologia , Hipoxantina/farmacologia , Insulina/farmacologia , Folículo Ovariano/efeitos dos fármacos , Ácido Pirúvico/farmacologia , Selênio/farmacologia , Soroalbumina Bovina/farmacologia , Soluções , Transferrina/farmacologia
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