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3.
Trials ; 20(1): 697, 2019 Dec 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31818310

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Medically unexplained symptoms (MUS) are highly prevalent and pose a burden both on patients and on health care. In a pilot study psychosomatic therapy delivered by specialised therapists for patients with MUS showed promising results with regard to patient's acceptability, feasibility and effects on symptoms. The aim of this study is to establish whether psychosomatic therapy by specialised psychosomatic exercise therapists is cost- effective in decreasing symptoms and improving functioning in patients who frequently consult their general practitioner (GP) with MUS. METHODS: A randomised effectiveness trial with an economic evaluation in primary care with 158 patients aged 18 years and older who are frequently consulting their GP with MUS. Patients will be assigned to psychosomatic therapy in addition to usual care or usual care only. Psychosomatic therapy is a multi-component and tailored intervention, aiming to empower patients by applying psycho-education, relaxation techniques, mindfulness, cognitive approaches and/or graded activity. Patients assigned to the psychosomatic therapy receive 6 to 12 sessions of psychosomatic therapy, of 30-45 min each, delivered by a specialised exercise or physical therapist. Primary outcome measure is patient-specific functioning and disability, measured with the Patient-Specific Functional Scale (PSFS). Secondary outcome measures are symptom severity, consultation frequency and referrals to secondary care, patient satisfaction, quality of life and costs. Assessments will be carried out at baseline, and after 4 and 12 months. An economic evaluation alongside the trial will be conducted from a societal perspective, with quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) as outcome measure. Furthermore, a mixed-methods process evaluation will be conducted. DISCUSSION: We expect that psychosomatic therapy in primary care for patients who frequently attend the GP for MUS will improve symptoms and daily functioning and disability, while reducing consultation frequency and referrals to secondary care. We expect that the psychosomatic therapy provides value for money for patients with MUS. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Netherlands Trial Register, ID: NL7157 (NTR7356). Registered 13 July 2018.

4.
Arch Gerontol Geriatr ; 87: 103991, 2019 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31864037

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Motoric Cognitive Risk Syndrome (MCR) is a pre-dementia syndrome characterized by subjective cognitive complaints and slow gait in the absence of dementia and mobility disability. Worse cognitive and motoric function is associated with chronic pain in older adults. Our aim was to study the association between pain and prevalent and incident MCR in adults aged 65 years and older. METHODS: We analyzed the cross-sectional association between severity of pain and prevalent MCR in 3244 older adults participating in the Health and Retirement Study (2008 wave) using logistic regression analysis adjusting for demographic, peripheral, central or biological risk factors. Additionally, we analyzed the longitudinal association between severity of pain and incident MCR in 362 participants in the Central Control of Mobility in Aging Study, using Cox regression analysis. RESULTS: The 155 Health and Retirement Study participants with severe pain had an increased risk of prevalent MCR (n = 249), compared to 2245 individuals without pain (adjusted for demographics OR: 2.78, 95 % CI:1.74-4.45). Over a mean follow-up of 3.01 years (SD 1.38), 29 individuals in the Central Control of Mobility in Aging Study developed incident MCR. Older adults with severe pain had over a five times increased risk of developing incident MCR, compared to those without pain even after adjusting for demographic variables (HR: 5.44, 95 % CI: 1.81-16.40). CONCLUSION: Older adults with severe pain have a higher prevalence and incidence of MCR. These findings should be further explored to establish if pain is a potentially modifiable risk factor to prevent cognitive decline.

5.
Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd ; 1632019 Nov 21.
Artigo em Holandês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31769632

RESUMO

An effective approach to health problems and a sustainable health care system requires more attention to prevention, primary health care and public health in research. For this to be achieved, university medical centres (UMCs) should strengthen the academic basis of prevention and primary care, as the Dutch Health Council recommended in its report 'Research that matters'. We are now three years on and the NFU, the association of the UMCs, recently published its plan 'Research and innovation with and for the healthy region'. This is a step in the right direction, but we are not there yet.

6.
BMJ ; 367: l5922, 2019 11 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31690561

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical effectiveness and safety of stand alone and blended internet based vestibular rehabilitation (VR) in the management of chronic vestibular syndromes in general practice. DESIGN: Pragmatic, three armed, parallel group, individually randomised controlled trial. SETTING: 59 general practices in the Netherlands. PARTICIPANTS: 322 adults aged 50 and older with a chronic vestibular syndrome. INTERVENTIONS: Stand alone VR comprising a six week, internet based intervention with weekly online sessions and daily exercises (10-20 minutes a day). In the blended VR group, the same internet based intervention was supplemented by face-to-face physiotherapy support (home visits in weeks 1 and 3). Participants in the usual care group received standard care from a general practitioner, without any restrictions. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The primary outcome was vestibular symptoms after six months as measured by the vertigo symptom scale-short form (VSS-SF range 0-60, clinically relevant difference ≥3 points). Secondary outcomes were dizziness related impairment, anxiety, depressive symptoms, subjective improvement of vestibular symptoms after three and six months, and adverse events. RESULTS: In the intention-to-treat analysis, participants in the stand alone and blended VR groups had lower VSS-SF scores at six months than participants in the usual care group (adjusted mean difference -4.1 points, 95% confidence interval -5.8 to -2.5; and -3.5 points, -5.1 to -1.9, respectively). Similar differences in VSS-SF scores were seen at three months follow-up. Participants in the stand alone and blended VR groups also experienced less dizziness related impairment, less anxiety, and more subjective improvement of vestibular symptoms at three and six months. No serious adverse events related to online VR occurred during the trial. CONCLUSION: Stand alone and blended internet based VR are clinically effective and safe interventions to treat adults aged 50 and older with a chronic vestibular syndrome. Online VR is an easily accessible form of treatment, with the potential to improve care for an undertreated group of patients in general practice. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Netherlands Trial Register NTR5712.


Assuntos
Medicina Geral/métodos , Modalidades de Fisioterapia , Qualidade de Vida , Telemedicina/métodos , Doenças Vestibulares/reabilitação , Idoso , Doença Crônica/psicologia , Doença Crônica/reabilitação , Feminino , Humanos , Internet , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Países Baixos , Síndrome , Resultado do Tratamento , Doenças Vestibulares/diagnóstico , Doenças Vestibulares/psicologia
7.
BMJ ; 367: l5517, 2019 10 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31615781

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effectiveness of routine ultrasonography in the third trimester in reducing adverse perinatal outcomes in low risk pregnancies compared with usual care and the effect of this policy on maternal outcomes and obstetric interventions. DESIGN: Pragmatic, multicentre, stepped wedge cluster randomised trial. SETTING: 60 midwifery practices in the Netherlands. PARTICIPANTS: 13 046 women aged 16 years or older with a low risk singleton pregnancy. INTERVENTIONS: 60 midwifery practices offered usual care (serial fundal height measurements with clinically indicated ultrasonography). After 3, 7, and 10 months, a third of the practices were randomised to the intervention strategy. As well as receiving usual care, women in the intervention strategy were offered two routine biometry scans at 28-30 and 34-36 weeks' gestation. The same multidisciplinary protocol for detecting and managing fetal growth restriction was used in both strategies. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The primary outcome measure was a composite of severe adverse perinatal outcomes: perinatal death, Apgar score <4, impaired consciousness, asphyxia, seizures, assisted ventilation, septicaemia, meningitis, bronchopulmonary dysplasia, intraventricular haemorrhage, periventricular leucomalacia, or necrotising enterocolitis. Secondary outcomes were two composite measures of severe maternal morbidity, and spontaneous labour and birth. RESULTS: Between 1 February 2015 and 29 February 2016, 60 midwifery practices enrolled 13 520 women in mid-pregnancy (mean 22.8 (SD 2.4) weeks' gestation). 13 046 women (intervention n=7067, usual care n=5979) with data based on the national Dutch perinatal registry or hospital records were included in the analyses. Small for gestational age at birth was significantly more often detected in the intervention group than in the usual care group (179 of 556 (32%) v 78 of 407 (19%), P<0.001). The incidence of severe adverse perinatal outcomes was 1.7% (n=118) for the intervention strategy and 1.8% (n=106) for usual care. After adjustment for confounders, the difference between the groups was not significant (odds ratio 0.88, 95% confidence interval 0.70 to 1.20). The intervention strategy showed a higher incidence of induction of labour (1.16, 1.04 to 1.30) and a lower incidence of augmentation of labour (0.78, 0.71 to 0.85). Maternal outcomes and other obstetric interventions did not differ between the strategies. CONCLUSION: In low risk pregnancies, routine ultrasonography in the third trimester along with clinically indicated ultrasonography was associated with higher antenatal detection of small for gestational age fetuses but not with a reduced incidence of severe adverse perinatal outcomes compared with usual care alone. The findings do not support routine ultrasonography in the third trimester for low risk pregnancies. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Netherlands Trial Register NTR4367.


Assuntos
Doenças do Recém-Nascido , Ultrassonografia Pré-Natal , Adolescente , Índice de Apgar , Análise por Conglomerados , Feminino , Retardo do Crescimento Fetal/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Incidência , Recém-Nascido , Doenças do Recém-Nascido/diagnóstico , Doenças do Recém-Nascido/epidemiologia , Recém-Nascido Pequeno para a Idade Gestacional , Tocologia/métodos , Tocologia/estatística & dados numéricos , Países Baixos/epidemiologia , Mortalidade Perinatal , Gravidez , Resultado da Gravidez/epidemiologia , Terceiro Trimestre da Gravidez , Gravidez na Adolescência , Ultrassonografia Pré-Natal/métodos , Ultrassonografia Pré-Natal/estatística & dados numéricos
8.
Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd ; 1632019 10 01.
Artigo em Holandês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31580034

RESUMO

Burnout is a serious health problem and the cause of career disruption in 15% of women and 9% of men who quit their job. Of all work-related complaints, 37% is attributable to workload and stress. Many workers visit their general practitioner with work-related complaints. Recently, the Dutch College of General Practitioners (NederlandsHuisartsenGenootschap) published a guideline on burnout. While the guideline provides a good framework for managing patients with a burnout, additional attention could be paid to prevention and how to distinguish burnout from depression.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional/diagnóstico , Depressão/diagnóstico , Medicina de Família e Comunidade/normas , Doenças Profissionais/diagnóstico , Esgotamento Profissional/psicologia , Depressão/psicologia , Medicina de Família e Comunidade/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Países Baixos , Doenças Profissionais/psicologia , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Carga de Trabalho/psicologia
9.
PLoS One ; 14(9): e0222998, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31550274

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mother-to-infant bonding is defined as the emotional tie experienced by a mother towards her child, which is considered to be important for the socio-emotional development of the child. Numerous studies on the correlates of both prenatal and postnatal mother-to-infant bonding quality have been published over the last decades. An up-to-date systematic review of these correlates is lacking, however. OBJECTIVE: To systematically review correlates of prenatal and postnatal mother-to-infant bonding quality in the general population, in order to enable targeted interventions. METHODS: MEDLINE, Embase, CINAHL, and PsychINFO were searched through May 2018. Reference checks were performed. Case-control, cross-sectional or longitudinal cohort studies written in English, German, Swedish, Spanish, Norwegian, French or Dutch defining mother-to-infant bonding quality as stipulated in the protocol (PROSPERO CRD42016040183) were included. Two investigators independently reviewed abstracts, full-text articles and extracted data. Methodological quality was assessed using the National Institute of Health Quality Assessment Tool for Observational Cohort and Cross-sectional studies and was rated accordingly as poor, fair or good. Clinical and methodological heterogeneity were examined. MAIN RESULTS: 131 studies were included. Quality was fair for 20 studies, and poor for 111 studies. Among 123 correlates identified, 3 were consistently associated with mother-to-infant bonding quality: 1) duration of gestation at assessment was positively associated with prenatal bonding quality, 2) depressive symptoms were negatively associated with postnatal mother-to-infant bonding quality, and 3) mother-to-infant bonding quality earlier in pregnancy or postpartum was positively associated with mother-to-infant bonding quality later in time. CONCLUSION: Our review suggests that professionals involved in maternal health care should consider monitoring mother-to-infant bonding already during pregnancy. Future research should evaluate whether interventions aimed at depressive symptoms help to promote mother-to-infant bonding quality. More high-quality research on correlates for which inconsistent results were found is needed.

10.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 19(1): 319, 2019 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31477046

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Studies showed that pregnant women generally value routine ultrasounds in the first two trimesters because these provide reassurance and a chance to see their unborn baby. This, in turn, might help to decrease maternal anxiety levels and increase the bond with the baby. However, it is unclear whether pregnant women hold the same positive views about a third trimester routine ultrasound, which is increasingly being used in the Netherlands as a screening tool to monitor fetal growth. The aim of this study was to explore pregnant women's experiences with a third trimester routine ultrasound. METHODS: We held semi-structured interviews with fifteen low-risk pregnant women who received a third trimester routine ultrasound in the context of the Dutch IUGR RIsk Selection (IRIS) study. The IRIS study is a nationwide cluster randomized controlled trial carried out among more than 13,000 women to examine the effectiveness of a third trimester routine ultrasound to monitor fetal growth. For the interviews, participants were purposively selected based on parity, age, ethnicity, and educational level. We performed thematic content analysis using MAXQDA. RESULTS: Most pregnant women appreciated a third trimester routine ultrasound because it provided them confirmation that their baby was fine and an extra opportunity to see their baby. At the same time they expressed that they already felt confident about the health of their baby, and did not feel that their bond with their baby had increased after the third trimester ultrasound. Women also reported that they were getting used to routine ultrasounds throughout their pregnancy, and that this increased their need for another one. CONCLUSIONS: Pregnant women seem to appreciate a third trimester routine ultrasound, but it does not seem to reduce anxiety or to improve bonding with their baby. Women's appreciation of a third trimester routine ultrasound might arise from getting used to routine ultrasounds throughout pregnancy. We recommend to examine the psychological impact of third trimester routine ultrasounds in future studies. Results should be taken into consideration when balancing the gains, which are as yet not clear, of introducing a third trimester routine ultrasound against unwanted side effects and costs.

11.
J Affect Disord ; 257: 180-186, 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31301621

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to identify subgroups for whom supported self-help preventive cognitive therapy (S-PCT) is more (cost)effective than treatment as usual (TAU) in preventing relapse and recurrence of major depression. METHODS: We conducted a randomized controlled trial in which 248 remitted, recurrently depressed participants were randomized to S-PCT (n = 124) or TAU (n = 124). Clinical outcome was relapse or recurrence of major depressive disorder (SCID-I). We tested the moderating effects on relapse or recurrence of age, gender, education level, residual depressive symptoms, number of previous episodes, age of onset, antidepressant medication, somatization, and self-efficacy with logistic regression analyses adjusted for baseline values of depressive symptoms. We examined moderating effects on costs using linear regression analyses adjusted for baseline costs. A stratified cost-effectiveness analysis was performed to tease out differences in cost-effectiveness between subgroups. RESULTS: We found no moderating effect on relapse or recurrence for any of the potential moderators. For costs, the number of previous depressive episodes was identified as a moderator. At a willingness-to-pay of 16,000€, the probability that S-PCT was cost-effective compared to TAU was 95% for participants with 2-3 episodes and 11% for participants with ≥4 episodes. LIMITATIONS: Participants and counselors were not blinded. The study was primarily designed to assess the (cost)effectiveness of S-PCT and not to conduct moderation analyses. CONCLUSIONS: S-PCT was effective in preventing relapse or recurrence of depressive disorders in a broad range of participants, but is more likely to be cost-effective in participants with 2-3 episodes than ≥4 episodes. This indicates that S-PCT can best be offered to participants with fewer previous depressive episodes.

12.
J Psychosom Res ; 127: 109745, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31285038

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To examine the effectiveness of a cognitive behavioural intervention delivered by mental health nurse practitioners (MHNPs) to patients with undifferentiated somatoform disorder (USD), compared to usual care. METHODS: We conducted a cluster randomized trial among primary care patients with USD comparing the intervention to usual care. The intervention consisted of six sessions with the MHNP. Primary outcome was physical functioning (RAND-36 physical component summary score). Secondary outcomes were the RAND-36 mental component summary score and the eight subscales; anxiety and depression (Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale) and somatic symptom severity (Patient Health Questionnaire-15). Outcomes were assessed at baseline, 2, 4 and 12 months. We analysed data using linear mixed models by intention-to-treat, and investigated effect modifiers. RESULTS: Compared to usual care (n = 87), the intervention group (n = 111) showed an improvement in physical functioning (mean difference 2.24 [95% CI 0.51; 3.97]; p = .011), a decrease in limitations due to physical problems (mean difference 10.82 [95% CI 2.14; 19.49]; p. = 0.015) and in pain (mean difference 5.08 [95% CI 0.58; 9.57]; p = .027), over 12 months. However effect sizes were small and less clinically relevant than expected. We found no differences for anxiety, depression and somatic symptom severity. Effects were larger and clinically relevant for patients with more recent symptoms and fewer physical diseases. CONCLUSION: The cognitive behavioural intervention was effective in improving pain and physical functioning components of patients' health. It was particularly suitable for patients with symptoms that had been present for a limited number of years and with few comorbid physical diseases. TRIAL REGISTRATION: The trial is registered in the Dutch Trial Registry, www.trialregister.nl, under NTR4686.

13.
J Bone Miner Res ; 34(11): 1993-2000, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31220365

RESUMO

Population screening for fracture risk may reduce the fracture incidence. In this randomized pragmatic trial, the SALT Osteoporosis Study (SOS), we studied whether screening for fracture risk and subsequent treatment in primary care can reduce fractures compared with usual care. A total of 11,032 women aged 65 to 90 years with ≥1 clinical risk factor for fractures were individually randomized to screening (n = 5575) or usual care (n = 5457). Participants in the screening group underwent a screening program, including bone densitometry and vertebral fracture assessment. Participants with a high 10-year fracture probability (FRAX) or a vertebral fracture were offered treatment with anti-osteoporosis medication by their general practitioner. Incident fractures as reported by questionnaires were verified with medical records. Follow-up was completed by 94% of the participants (mean follow-up = 3.7 years). Of the 5575 participants in the screening group, 1417 (25.4%) had an indication for anti-osteoporosis medication. Screening and subsequent treatment had no statistically significant effect on the primary outcome fracture (hazard ratio [HR] = 0.97; 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.87-1.08), nor on the secondary outcomes osteoporotic fractures (HR = 0.91; 95% CI 0.81-1.03), major osteoporotic fractures (HR = 0.91; 95% CI 0.80-1.04), hip fractures (HR = 0.91; 95% CI 0.71-1.15), falls (odds ratio [OR] = 0.91; 95% CI 0.72-1.15), or mortality (HR = 1.03; 95% CI 0.91-1.17). Post hoc explorative finding suggested that screening might be most effective after a recent fracture (HR = 0.65; 95% CI 0.44-0.96 for major osteoporotic fractures and HR = 0.38; 95% CI 0.18-0.79 for hip fractures). The results of this study might have been compromised by nonparticipation and medication nonadherence in the screening group. Overall, this study does not provide sufficient indications to consider screening for fracture prevention. However, we cannot exclude its clinical relevance to reduce (major) osteoporotic fractures and hip fractures because of the relatively small number of women with a treatment indication in the intervention group. © 2019 The Authors. Journal of Bone and Mineral Research Published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

14.
Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd ; 1632019 Feb 27.
Artigo em Holandês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30816654

RESUMO

The relationship between doctors and patients often becomes tense when the patient has medically unexplained symptoms: doctors may experience frustration because they feel ill-equipped to provide their patients with a plausible explanation of the symptoms. Patients often feel that their doctor does not take them seriously and would like to understand why they are having symptoms. Research into the effect of the quality of the doctor-patient relationship and doctor-patient communication where medically unexplained symptoms are concerned has led to some recommendations for communication. A thorough exploration of all dimensions of the symptoms, i.e. the somatic, cognitive, emotional, behavioural and social dimensions, almost always yields starting points for explaining what is happening to the patient and for therapy. The provision of an explanation which is acceptable to the doctor as well as to the patient is an important condition for drawing up and carrying out therapy. If the doctor expresses confidence in the prognosis and outcome, this has a favourable effect on the development of the symptoms.

15.
J Psychosom Res ; 117: 32-40, 2019 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30665594

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Central sensitization (CS), a mechanism explaining the persistence of symptoms, has been the focus of many research projects. Explanations given to patients with chronic pain are often based on this mechanism. It is hypothesized that CS also plays an important role in the persistence of medically unexplained symptoms (MUS). However, definitions and operationalizations of CS vary. We conducted a systematic review of definitions, operationalizations and measurement instruments of CS. METHODS: We searched in PubMed, EMBASE, PsycINFO, Cinahl and The Cochrane Library till September 2017 and included papers that addressed CS in relation to chronic pain and/or MUS. Two reviewers independently selected, analysed and classified information from the selected publications. We performed a thematic analysis of definitions and operationalizations. We listed the measurement instruments. RESULTS: We included 126 publications, 79 publications concerned chronic pain, 47 publications concerned MUS. Definitions of CS consistently encompass the theme hyperexcitability of the central nervous system (CNS). Additional themes are variably present: CNS locations, nature of sensory input, reduced inhibition and activation and modulation of the NDMA receptor. Hyperalgesia and allodynia are widely mentioned as operationalizations of CS. Quantitative sensory testing (QST) and (f)MRI are the most reported measurement instruments. CONCLUSIONS: There is consensus that hyperexcitability is the central mechanism of CS. Operationalizations are based on this mechanism and additional components. There are many measurement instruments available, whose clinical value has still to be determined. There were no systematic differences in definitions and operationalizations between the publications addressing MUS and those addressing chronic pain.

16.
Aging Clin Exp Res ; 31(3): 377-383, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29876828

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: As the population ages, the number of people with chronic diseases increases. Frequently, older people suffer from joint pain together with other chronic diseases, which can lead to decreased physical functioning. AIMS: To investigate the associations of the changes in cognitive appraisals, coping strategies and pain with the change in physical functioning in older people, who have chronic pain and chronic diseases. METHODS: Elderly persons (n = 407, mean age 77 years, and 62% female), with self-reported joint pain and at least two chronic diseases, filled in questionnaires about cognitive appraisals, coping strategies, pain intensity and physical functioning at baseline, at 6- and 18-month follow-ups. The associations of change in physical functioning with changes in cognitive appraisals, coping strategies and pain were modelled using generalized estimating equations (GEE). RESULTS: Increase in pain, in negative thinking about the consequences of pain, and in activity avoidance and decrease in self-efficacy beliefs were associated with a decline in physical functioning. DISCUSSION: Observed mean changes were small but large inter-individual variability was seen. This shows that cognitive appraisals and coping strategies are malleable. Statistical model of change clarifies the direction of longitudinal associations. CONCLUSIONS: The longitudinal findings suggest that joint pain, cognitive appraisals and coping strategies may determine physical functioning in older people who have chronic pain and comorbidity.


Assuntos
Adaptação Psicológica , Artralgia/psicologia , Doença Crônica/psicologia , Cognição , Desempenho Físico Funcional , Idoso , Artralgia/fisiopatologia , Comorbidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino
17.
Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd ; 1622018 12 05.
Artigo em Holandês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30570936

RESUMO

Most people claim that health is an important prerequisite for a happy life. Our society puts much effort into promoting a healthy lifestyle, prevention and timely risk detection. After all, prevention is better than cure. The increased attention to health and the strong focus on prevention, risk reduction and risk avoidance have their downsides, as Ivan Illich already pointed out in the nineteen-seventies. Overdiagnosis, overtreatment and the transformation of many everyday complaints and phenomena into abnormalities lead to medicalisation. In 2013, this trend was reason for the BMJ to start their 'Too much medicine' campaign. Steering between too much medicine and too little medicine requires helmsmanship from doctors; correcting unrealistic expectations, alleviating unnecessary health worries and promoting resilience are all important in the promotion of normalisation.


Assuntos
Promoção da Saúde , Sobremedicalização , Prevenção Primária , Estilo de Vida Saudável , Humanos , Medicalização
18.
PLoS One ; 13(12): e0208570, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30566441

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Major depression is a prevalent mental disorder with a high risk of relapse or recurrence. Only few studies have focused on the cost-effectiveness of interventions aimed at the prevention of relapse or recurrence of depression in primary care. AIM: To evaluate the cost-effectiveness of a supported Self-help Preventive Cognitive Therapy (S-PCT) added to treatment-as-usual (TAU) compared with TAU alone for patients with a history of depression, currently in remission. METHODS: An economic evaluation alongside a multi-center randomised controlled trial was performed (n = 248) over a 12-month follow-up. Outcomes included relapse or recurrence of depression and quality-adjusted-life-years (QALYs) based on the EuroQol-5D. Analyses were performed from both a societal and healthcare perspective. Missing data were imputed using multiple imputations. Uncertainty was estimated using bootstrapping and presented using the cost-effectiveness plane and the Cost-Effectiveness Acceptability Curve (CEAC). Cost estimates were adjusted for baseline costs. RESULTS: S-PCT statistically significantly decreased relapse or recurrence by 15% (95%CI 3;28) compared to TAU. Mean total societal costs were €2,114 higher (95%CI -112;4261). From a societal perspective, the ICER for relapse or recurrence was 13,515. At a Willingness To Pay (WTP) of 22,000 €/recurrence prevented, the probability that S-PCT is cost-effective, in comparison with TAU, is 80%. The ICER for QALYs was 63,051. The CEA curve indicated that at a WTP of 30,000 €/QALY gained, the probability that S-PCT is cost-effective compared to TAU is 21%. CONCLUSIONS: Though ultimately depending on the WTP of decision makers, we expect that for both relapse or recurrence and QALYs, S-PCT cannot be considered cost-effective compared to TAU.


Assuntos
Análise Custo-Benefício , Transtorno Depressivo Maior/economia , Autocuidado , Adulto , Idoso , Antidepressivos/uso terapêutico , Terapia Cognitivo-Comportamental , Transtorno Depressivo Maior/tratamento farmacológico , Transtorno Depressivo Maior/terapia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Anos de Vida Ajustados por Qualidade de Vida , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Recidiva , Adulto Jovem
19.
Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd ; 1632018 12 17.
Artigo em Holandês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30570948

RESUMO

Relational continuity of care has traditionally been an important core value of primary care. Research shows that relational continuity of care contributes to better patient health. However, due to social changes and an altered organization of our health system, it has become more difficult to put this core value into practice. General practitioners, for example, increasingly work part-time and general practices have become larger-scaled. Within practices, there is also an increase of delegation and specialization, leading to fragmentation of healthcare. A weekly rota involving at least three clinical consultation days for each doctor, the establishment of small general practice teams within a larger organisation, and a reduction in the size of a standard practice can facilitate relational continuity of care. In addition, it is necessary for GPs to concentrate on the core activity of their profession: direct personal care.


Assuntos
Continuidade da Assistência ao Paciente , Medicina Geral/organização & administração , Clínicos Gerais/psicologia , Relações Médico-Paciente , Atenção Primária à Saúde/organização & administração , Feminino , Clínicos Gerais/organização & administração , Humanos , Masculino
20.
PLoS One ; 13(10): e0204876, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30300371

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Dizziness is common in older people. Physicians are often unable to identify a specific cause for dizziness in older people, even after an extensive diagnostic work-up. A prognosis-oriented approach, i.e. treating modifiable risk factors for an unfavourable course of dizziness, may reduce dizziness-related impairment in older people in primary care. DESIGN: Cluster randomized controlled trial. SETTING: 45 primary care practices in The Netherlands. PARTICIPANTS: 168 participants aged ≥65y who consulted their general practitioner for dizziness and experienced significant dizziness-related impairment (Dizziness Handicap Inventory (DHI) ≥30). Participants were part of to the intervention group (n = 83) or control group (n = 85), depending on whether they were enlisted in an intervention practice or in a control practice. INTERVENTIONS: The multifactorial intervention consisted of: medication adjustment in case of ≥3 prescribed fall-risk-increasing drugs (FRIDs) and/or stepped mental health care in case of anxiety disorder and/or depression and/or exercise therapy in case of impaired functional mobility. The intervention was compared to usual care. OUTCOME MEASURES: The primary outcome was dizziness-related impairment. Secondary outcomes were quality of life (QoL), dizziness frequency, fall frequency, anxiety and depression, use of FRIDs. RESULTS: Intention-to-treat analysis showed no significant intervention effect on dizziness-related impairment (DHI score difference -0.69 [95% CI -5.66;4.28]; p = 0.79). The intervention proved effective in reducing the number of FRIDs (FRID difference -0.48 [95% CI -0.89;-0.06]; p = 0.02). No significant intervention effects were found on other secondary outcomes. The uptake of and adherence to the interventions was significantly lower in patients eligible for ≥2 interventions compared to patients eligible for one intervention (p<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: The multifactorial intervention for dizziness in older patients showed no significant intervention effect on most outcomes and adherence to the multifactorial intervention was low. Although multifactorial treatment for older dizzy people seems promising in theory, we question its feasibility in daily practice. Future research could focus on a sequential treatment for dizziness, e.g. measuring effectiveness of various evidence-based therapies in a stepwise approach.


Assuntos
Tontura/diagnóstico , Tontura/terapia , Terapia por Exercício/métodos , Atividades Cotidianas , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Países Baixos , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Fatores de Risco
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