Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 77
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Acta Neuropathol Commun ; 7(1): 181, 2019 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31727173

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Risk stratification of children with ependymomas of the posterior fossa in current therapeutic protocols is mainly based on clinical criteria. We aimed to identify independent outcome predictors for this disease entity by a systematic integrated analysis of clinical, histological and genetic information in a defined cohort of patients treated according to the German HIT protocols. METHODS: Tumor samples of 134 patients aged 0.2-15.9 years treated between 1999 and 2010 according to HIT protocols were analyzed for histological features including mitotic activity, necrosis and vascular proliferation and genomic alterations by SNP and molecular inversion probe analysis. Survival analysis was performed by Kaplan-Meier method with log rank test and multivariate Cox regression analysis. RESULTS: Residual tumor after surgery, chromosome 1q gain and structural genomic alterations were identified as predictors of significantly shorter event-free (EFS) and overall survival (OS). Furthermore, specific histological features including vascular proliferation, necrosis and high mitotic activity were predictive for shorter OS. Multivariate Cox regression revealed residual tumor, chromosome 1q gain and mitotic activity as independent predictors of both EFS and OS. Using these independent predictors of outcome, we were able to build a 3-tiered risk stratification model that separates patients with standard, intermediate and high risk, and which outperforms current stratification procedures. CONCLUSION: The integration of defined clinical, histological and genetic parameters led to an improved risk-stratification model for posterior fossa ependymoma of childhood. After validation in independent cohorts this model may provide the basis for risk-adapted treatment of children with ependymomas of the posterior fossa.

2.
J Neurooncol ; 145(1): 177-184, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31522324

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma (DIPG) is a rare clinically, neuro-radiologically, and molecularly defined malignancy of the brainstem with a median overall survival of approximately 11 months. Our aim is to evaluate the current tendency for its treatment in Europe in order to develop (inter)national consensus guidelines. METHODS: Healthcare professionals specialized in DIPG were asked to fill in an online survey with questions regarding usual treatment strategies at diagnosis and at disease progression in their countries and/or their centers, respectively. RESULTS: Seventy-four healthcare professionals responded to the survey, of which 87.8% were pediatric oncologists. Only 13.5% of the respondents biopsy all of their patients, 41.9% biopsy their patients infrequently. More than half of the respondents (54.1%) treated their patients with radiotherapy only at diagnosis, whereas 44.6% preferred radiotherapy combined with chemotherapy. When the disease progresses, treatment strategies became even more diverse, and the tendency for no treatment increased from 1.4% at diagnosis to 77.0% after second progression. 36.5% of the healthcare professionals treat children younger than 3 years differently than older children at diagnosis. This percentage decreased, when the disease progresses. Most of the participants (51.4%) included less than 25% of their patients in clinical trials. CONCLUSION: This survey demonstrates a large heterogeneity of treatment regimens, especially at disease progression. We emphasize the need for international consensus guidelines for the treatment of DIPG, possible by more collaborative clinical trials.

3.
Eur J Cancer ; 114: 27-35, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31022591

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma (DIPG) is a highly aggressive paediatric brain tumour with fatal outcome. The Individualised Therapy For Relapsed Malignancies In Childhood (INFORM) registry study offers comprehensive molecular profiling of high-risk tumours to identify target alterations for potential precision therapy. We analysed molecular characteristics and clinical data after brainstem biopsy of all enrolled newly diagnosed DIPGs. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From -February 2015 to February 2018, 21 subsequent primary DIPG cases were enrolled in the nation-wide multicentre INFORM registry study after brainstem biopsy. Whole-genome, whole-exome sequencing and DNA methylation analysis were performed, and RNA-sequencing was added in case of sufficient material. Clinical data were obtained from standardised questionnaires and the INFORM clinical data bank. RESULTS: Tumour material obtained from brainstem biopsy was sufficient for DNA analysis in all cases and RNA analysis in 16 of 21 cases. In 16 of 21 cases (76%), potential targetable alterations were identified including highly relevant MET and NTRK1 fusions as well as an EZH2 alteration not previously described in DIPG. In 5 of 21 cases, molecular information was used for initiation of targeted treatment. The majority of patients (19/21) presented with neurological deficits at diagnosis. Newly arising or worsening of neurological deficits post-biopsy occurred in nine patients. Symptoms were reversible or improved notably in eight cases. CONCLUSION: In this multicentre study setting, brainstem biopsy of DIPG was feasible and yielded sufficient material for comprehensive molecular profiling. Relevant molecular targets were identified impacting clinical management in a substantial subset. Death or severe bleeding occurred in none of the cases. One of 20 patients experienced unilateral paraesthesia possibly related to biopsy.

5.
Pediatr Blood Cancer ; 66(5): e27625, 2019 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30693642

RESUMO

Noonan syndrome (NS) is an autosomal dominant disorder commonly caused by PTPN11 germline mutations. Patients are characterized by short stature, congenital heart defects, facial dysmorphism, and increased risk of malignancies including brain tumors. Commonly associated brain tumors are dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumor and low-grade glioma. We report two cases of anaplastic astrocytoma with PTPN11-related NS. We conducted a systematic search of medical databases looking for other reported cases of high-grade glioma associated with NS and identified 24 cases of brain tumors, all of which were low-grade glial or glioneuronal tumors except for one case of medulloblastoma.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas/patologia , Mutação em Linhagem Germinativa , Glioma/patologia , Síndrome de Noonan/complicações , Proteína Tirosina Fosfatase não Receptora Tipo 11/genética , Adolescente , Neoplasias Encefálicas/etiologia , Neoplasias Encefálicas/terapia , Quimiorradioterapia , Criança , Feminino , Glioma/etiologia , Glioma/terapia , Humanos , Masculino , Gradação de Tumores
7.
Front Neurol ; 9: 398, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29971034

RESUMO

Isocitrate Dehydrogenase-1 (IDH1) is a driver gene in several cancers including brain tumors such as low-grade and high-grade gliomas. Mutations of SMARCB1 were described in atypical teratoid rhabdoid tumors and to date have not been associated with the pathogenesis of medulloblastoma. We report concurrent IDH1 and SMARCB1 mutations in a medulloblastoma patient. We searched the catalog of somatic mutations in cancer (COSMIC) database and other mutation databases and -to our knowledge- this is the first reported case of medulloblastoma harboring both mutations together. Our patient is a 13-year-old male presenting with headache and vomiting at diagnosis. MRI revealed left cerebellar expansive lesion with no evidence of metastasis. A histopathological diagnosis of desmoplastic/nodular medulloblastoma was made after complete resection of the tumor. Immunophenotypic characterization and methylation profiling suggested a medulloblastoma with SHH activation. Next generation sequencing of a panel of 400 genes revealed heterozygous somatic IDH1(p.R132C), SMARCB1(p.R201Q), and CDH11(p.L625T) mutations. The patient was treated according to the HIT-SIOP PNET 4 protocol. He is in complete remission more than 2 years after diagnosis. In conclusion, increasing use of high throughput sequencing will certainly increase the frequency with which rare mutations or mutation combinations are identified. The exact frequency of this mutation combination and whether it has any particular therapeutic implications or prognostic relevance requires further investigation.

10.
Strahlenther Onkol ; 194(3): 215-224, 2018 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29022050

RESUMO

PURPOSE: As the efficacy of all pediatric high-grade glioma (HGG) treatments is similar and still disappointing, it is essential to also investigate the toxicity of available treatments. METHODS: Prospectively recorded hematologic and nonhematologic toxicities of children treated with radiochemotherapy in the HIT GBM-C/D and HIT-HGG-2007 trials were compared. Children aged 3-18 years with histologically proven HGG (WHO grade III and IV tumors) or unequivocal radiologic diagnosis of diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma (DIPG) were included in these trials. The HIT-HGG-2007 protocol comprised concomitant radiochemotherapy with temozolomide, while cisplatinum/etoposide (PE) and PE plus ifosfamide (PEI) in combination with weekly vincristine injections were applied during radiochemotherapy in the HIT GBM-C/D protocol. RESULTS: Regular blood counts and information about cellular nadirs were available from 304 patients (leukocytes) and 306 patients (thrombocytes), respectively. Grade 3-4 leukopenia was much more frequent in the HIT GBM-C/D cohort (n = 88, 52%) vs. HIT-HGG-2007 (n = 13, 10%; P <0.001). Grade 3-4 thrombopenia was also more likely in the HIT GBM-C/D cohort (n = 21, 12% vs. n = 3,2%; P <0.001). Grade 3-4 leukopenia appeared more often in children aged 3-7 years (n = 38/85, 45%) than in children aged 8-12 years (n = 39/120, 33%) and 13-18 years (24/100, 24%; P =0.034). In addition, sickness was more frequent in the HIT GBM-C/D cohort (grade 1-2: 44%, grade 3-4: 6% vs. grade 1-2: 28%, grade 3-4: 1%; P <0.001). CONCLUSION: Radiochemotherapy involving cisplatinum-based polychemotherapy is more toxic than radiotherapy in combination with temozolomide. Without evidence of differences in therapeutic efficacy, the treatment with lower toxicity, i. e., radiotherapy with temozolomide should be used.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias Encefálicas/terapia , Quimiorradioterapia/efeitos adversos , Cisplatino/efeitos adversos , Dacarbazina/análogos & derivados , Glioma/terapia , Adolescente , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Encefálicas/patologia , Quimiorradioterapia/métodos , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Cisplatino/administração & dosagem , Estudos de Coortes , Dacarbazina/administração & dosagem , Dacarbazina/efeitos adversos , Etoposídeo/administração & dosagem , Etoposídeo/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Glioma/patologia , Humanos , Ifosfamida/administração & dosagem , Ifosfamida/efeitos adversos , Leucopenia/induzido quimicamente , Masculino , Gradação de Tumores , Estudos Prospectivos , Temozolomida , Resultado do Tratamento , Vincristina/administração & dosagem , Vincristina/efeitos adversos
11.
Neuro Oncol ; 20(1): 123-131, 2018 01 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29016894

RESUMO

Background: The novel entity of "diffuse midline glioma, H3 K27M-mutant" has been defined in the 2016 revision of the World Health Organization (WHO) classification of tumors of the central nervous system (CNS). Tumors of this entity arise in CNS midline structures of predominantly pediatric patients and are associated with an overall dismal prognosis. They are defined by K27M mutations in H3F3A or HIST1H3B/C, encoding for histone 3 variants H3.3 and H3.1, respectively, which are considered hallmark events driving gliomagenesis. Methods: Here, we characterized 85 centrally reviewed diffuse gliomas on midline locations enrolled in the nationwide pediatric German HIT-HGG registry regarding tumor site, histone 3 mutational status, WHO grade, age, sex, and extent of tumor resection. Results: We found 56 H3.3 K27M-mutant tumors (66%), 6 H3.1 K27M-mutant tumors (7%), and 23 H3-wildtype tumors (27%). H3 K27M-mutant gliomas shared an aggressive clinical course independent of their anatomic location. Multivariate regression analysis confirmed the significant impact of the H3 K27M mutation as the only independent parameter predictive of overall survival (P = 0.009). In H3 K27M-mutant tumors, neither anatomic midline location nor histopathological grading nor extent of tumor resection had an influence on survival. Conclusion: These results substantiate the clinical significance of considering diffuse midline glioma, H3 K27M-mutant, as a distinct entity corresponding to WHO grade IV, carrying a universally fatal prognosis.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas/genética , Glioma/genética , Histonas/genética , Mutação/genética , Adolescente , Neoplasias Encefálicas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Encefálicas/patologia , Criança , Feminino , Glioma/diagnóstico , Glioma/patologia , Humanos , Masculino , Gradação de Tumores , Prognóstico
12.
Oncotarget ; 8(38): 64564-64578, 2017 Sep 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28969094

RESUMO

In the past years, pediatric high-grade gliomas (HGG) have been the focus of several research articles and reviews, given the recent discoveries on the genetic and molecular levels pointing out a clinico-biological uniqueness of the pediatric population compared to their adult counterparts with HGG. On the other hand, there are only scarce data about HGG in very young children (below 3 years of age at diagnosis) due to their relatively low incidence. However, the few available data suggest further distinction of this very rare subgroup from older children and adults at several levels including their molecular and biological characteristics, their treatment management, as well as their outcome. This review summarizes and discusses the current available knowledge on the epidemiological, neuropathological, genetic and molecular data of this subpopulation. We discuss these findings and differences compared to older patients suffering from the same histologic disease. In addition, we highlight the particular clinical and neuro-radiological findings in this specific subgroup of patients as well as their current management approaches and treatment outcomes.

13.
Childs Nerv Syst ; 33(9): 1463-1471, 2017 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28695340

RESUMO

PURPOSE: High messenger RNA (mRNA) expression of the tropomyosin receptor kinase C gene (TrkC) has been associated with favorable survival in medulloblastoma patients. Untested is whether it plays a role through modulating the response to therapy or whether it might be a surrogate marker for a favorable molecular subgroup. METHODS: The medulloblastoma-derived cell line DAOY was stably transfected to overexpress TrkC (clone DAOY-TrkC) and compared to a control (clone DAOY-EV, empty vector transfected). Cell viability (MTS assay) was tested after irradiation or incubation with chemotherapeutic drugs. Neuroradiologic response to postoperative chemotherapy or craniospinal irradiation (CSI) of medulloblastoma patients aged 3-21 years with postoperative residual disease treated within the consecutive trials HIT'91/HIT2000 was compared to TrkC mRNA expression in their tumor samples. Five well-characterized independent expression-profiling studies covering together 686 medulloblastoma patients were analyzed for TrkC levels according to the molecular subgroups. RESULTS: Cell viability of DAOY-TrkC compared to DAOY-EV was not different after exposure to increasing doses of irradiation, cisplatin, etoposide, or vincristine. While TrkC mRNA expression tended to be higher in non-responders (n = 5/19) to postoperative CSI (p = 0.03, ratio 15.5, 95% CI 9-267), this was the case in responders (n = 23/43) to chemotherapy (p = 0.04, ratio 6.1, 95% CI 1.1-35), both analyzed with Mann-Whitney U test (not significant after Bonferroni adjustment). The highest TrkC mRNA levels were found in the SHH subgroup across all expression-profiling studies. CONCLUSIONS: High TrkC mRNA expression appears to be frequent in the SHH subgroup and seems not to have a major effect on therapy responsiveness in medulloblastoma patients.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/análise , Neoplasias Cerebelares/patologia , Meduloblastoma/patologia , Receptor trkC/biossíntese , Adolescente , Neoplasias Cerebelares/genética , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Meduloblastoma/genética , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Receptor trkC/análise , Adulto Jovem
14.
PLoS One ; 12(6): e0178351, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28617804

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Despite multimodal therapy, prognosis of pediatric intracranial ependymomas remains poor with a 5-year survival rate below 70% and frequent late deaths. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: This multicentric European study evaluated putative prognostic biomarkers. Tenascin-C (TNC) immunohistochemical expression and copy number status of 1q25 were retained for a pooled analysis of 5 independent cohorts. The prognostic value of TNC and 1q25 on the overall survival (OS) was assessed using a Cox model adjusted to age at diagnosis, tumor location, WHO grade, extent of resection, radiotherapy and stratified by cohort. Stratification on a predictor that did not satisfy the proportional hazards assumption was considered. Model performance was evaluated and an internal-external cross validation was performed. RESULTS: Among complete cases with 5-year median follow-up (n = 470; 131 deaths), TNC and 1q25 gain were significantly associated with age at diagnosis and posterior fossa tumor location. 1q25 status added independent prognostic value for death beyond the classical variables with a hazard ratio (HR) = 2.19 95%CI = [1.29; 3.76] (p = 0.004), while TNC prognostic relation was tumor location-dependent with HR = 2.19 95%CI = [1.29; 3.76] (p = 0.004) in posterior fossa and HR = 0.64 [0.28; 1.48] (p = 0.295) in supratentorial (interaction p value = 0.015). The derived prognostic score identified 3 different robust risk groups. The omission of upfront RT was not associated with OS for good and intermediate prognostic groups while the absence of upfront RT was negatively associated with OS in the poor risk group. CONCLUSION: Integrated TNC expression and 1q25 status are useful to better stratify patients and to eventually adapt treatment regimens in pediatric intracranial ependymoma.


Assuntos
Cromossomos Humanos Par 1/genética , Variações do Número de Cópias de DNA , Ependimoma/diagnóstico , Tenascina/metabolismo , Idade de Início , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Ependimoma/genética , Ependimoma/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Prognóstico , Análise de Sobrevida
15.
Eur J Cancer ; 81: 1-8, 2017 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28586748

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Temozolomide (TMZ) is widely used in high-grade glioma (HGG). There is a major concern of treatment-induced secondary haematological malignancies (SHMs). Due to the poor overall survival of HGG patients, the true incidence is yet elusive. Thus, the aim of this study was to determine the risk of SHMs following TMZ in paediatric HGG. METHODS: We analysed 487 patients from the HIT-HGG database of the German-speaking Society of Pediatric Oncology and Hematology with follow up beyond 1 year. RESULTS: The incidence of SHM was 7.7 ± 3.2% at 10 years. No SHM occurred in 194 patients after first-line TMZ therapy, but four out of 131 patients treated with TMZ for relapse following first-line multiagent chemotherapy experienced SHM (20% at 10 years; p = 0.041). SHMs occurred in two out of 162 patients who underwent multiagent chemotherapy without TMZ (4.1% at 10 years). Gender, patient age and acute haematological toxicity during treatment did not affect the incidence of SHMs. CONCLUSION: Data of our cohort do not indicate an increased risk of SHM following TMZ treatment when compared to previous chemotherapy regimen. However, if TMZ is administered as a second-line treatment following conventional chemotherapy regimen, the risk might be disproportionately increasing.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Alquilantes/efeitos adversos , Dacarbazina/análogos & derivados , Glioma/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hematológicas/induzido quimicamente , Adolescente , Áustria/epidemiologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Dacarbazina/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Seguimentos , Alemanha/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Hematológicas/epidemiologia , Humanos , Incidência , Lactente , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Suíça/epidemiologia , Temozolomida
16.
Eur J Cancer ; 73: 38-47, 2017 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28161497

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Overall survival (OS) of patients with diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma (DIPG) is poor. The purpose of this study is to analyse benefit and toxicity of re-irradiation at first progression. METHODS: At first progression, 31 children with DIPG, aged 2-16 years, underwent re-irradiation (dose 19.8-30.0 Gy) alone (n = 16) or combined with systemic therapy (n = 15). At initial presentation, all patients had typical symptoms and characteristic MRI features of DIPG, or biopsy-proven high-grade glioma. An interval of ≥3 months after upfront radiotherapy was required before re-irradiation. Thirty-nine patients fulfilling the same criteria receiving radiotherapy at diagnosis, followed by best supportive care (n = 20) or systemic therapy (n = 19) at progression but no re-irradiation, were eligible for a matched-cohort analysis. RESULTS: Median OS for patients undergoing re-irradiation was 13.7 months. For a similar median progression-free survival after upfront radiotherapy (8.2 versus 7.7 months; P = .58), a significant benefit in median OS (13.7 versus 10.3 months; P = .04) was observed in favour of patients undergoing re-irradiation. Survival benefit of re-irradiation increased with a longer interval between end-of-radiotherapy and first progression (3-6 months: 4.0 versus 2.7; P < .01; 6-12 months: 6.4 versus 3.3; P = .04). Clinical improvement with re-irradiation was observed in 24/31 (77%) patients. No grade 4-5 toxicity was recorded. On multivariable analysis, interval to progression (corrected hazard ratio = .27-.54; P < .01) and re-irradiation (corrected hazard ratio = .18-.22; P < .01) remained prognostic for survival. A risk score (RS), comprising 5 categories, was developed to predict survival from first progression (ROC: .79). Median survival ranges from 1.0 month (RS-1) to 6.7 months (RS-5). CONCLUSIONS: The majority of patients with DIPG, responding to upfront radiotherapy, do benefit of re-irradiation with acceptable tolerability.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Tronco Encefálico/radioterapia , Glioma/radioterapia , Reirradiação/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Neoplasias do Tronco Encefálico/mortalidade , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Glioma/mortalidade , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Análise Multivariada , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Análise de Sobrevida
17.
J Neurooncol ; 132(2): 255-266, 2017 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28110411

RESUMO

Diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma (DIPG) is a rare and deadly childhood malignancy. After 40 years of mostly single-center, often non-randomized trials with variable patient inclusions, there has been no improvement in survival. It is therefore time for international collaboration in DIPG research, to provide new hope for children, parents and medical professionals fighting DIPG. In a first step towards collaboration, in 2011, a network of biologists and clinicians working in the field of DIPG was established within the European Society for Paediatric Oncology (SIOPE) Brain Tumour Group: the SIOPE DIPG Network. By bringing together biomedical professionals and parents as patient representatives, several collaborative DIPG-related projects have been realized. With help from experts in the fields of information technology, and legal advisors, an international, web-based comprehensive database was developed, The SIOPE DIPG Registry and Imaging Repository, to centrally collect data of DIPG patients. As for April 2016, clinical data as well as MR-scans of 694 patients have been entered into the SIOPE DIPG Registry/Imaging Repository. The median progression free survival is 6.0 months (95% Confidence Interval (CI) 5.6-6.4 months) and the median overall survival is 11.0 months (95% CI 10.5-11.5 months). At two and five years post-diagnosis, 10 and 2% of patients are alive, respectively. The establishment of the SIOPE DIPG Network and SIOPE DIPG Registry means a paradigm shift towards collaborative research into DIPG. This is seen as an essential first step towards understanding the disease, improving care and (ultimately) cure for children with DIPG.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Tronco Encefálico/diagnóstico por imagem , Glioma/diagnóstico por imagem , Serviços de Informação , Cooperação Internacional , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Sistema de Registros , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Europa (Continente) , Feminino , Humanos , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Masculino , Ponte/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto Jovem
18.
J Neurooncol ; 131(3): 437-448, 2017 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27858266

RESUMO

In the present study we investigated the phosphorylation status of the 12 most important signaling cascades in glioblastomas. More than 60 tumor and control biopsies from tumor center and periphery (based on neuronavigation) were subjected to selective protein expression analysis using reverse-phase protein arrays (RPPA) incubated with antibodies against posttranslationally modified cancer pathway proteins. The ratio between phosphorylated (or modified) and non-phosphorylated protein was assessed. All samples were histopathologically validated and proteomic profiles correlated with clinical and survival data. By RPPA, we identified three distinct activation patterns within glioblastoma defined by the ratios of pCREB1/CREB1, NOTCH-ICD/NOTCH1, and pGSK3ß/GSK3ß, respectively. These subclasses demonstrated distinct overall survival patterns in a cohort of patients from a single-institution and in an analysis of publicly available data. In particular, a high pGSK3ß/GSK3ß-ratio was associated with a poor survival. Wnt-activation/GSK3ß-inhibition in U373 and U251 cell lines halted glioma cell proliferation and migration. Gene expression analysis was used as an internal quality control of baseline proteomic data. The protein expression and phosphorylation had a higher resolution, resulting in a better class-subdivision than mRNA based stratification data. Patients with different proteomic profiles from multiple biopsies showed a worse overall survival. The CREB1-, NOTCH1-, GSK3ß-phosphorylation status correlated with glioma grades. RPPA represent a fast and reliable tool to supplement morphological diagnosis with pathway-specific information in individual tumors. These data can be exploited for molecular stratification and possible combinatorial treatment planning. Further, our results may optimize current glioma grading algorithms.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas/metabolismo , Glioblastoma/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fosforilação , Análise Serial de Proteínas , Proteômica , Análise de Sobrevida
19.
J Clin Oncol ; 34(34): 4151-4160, 2016 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27863192

RESUMO

Purpose To assess an intensified treatment in the context of clinical and biologic risk factors in metastatic medulloblastoma. Patients and Methods Patients (4 to 21 years old, diagnosed between 2001 and 2007) received induction chemotherapy, dose-escalated hyperfractionated craniospinal radiotherapy, and maintenance chemotherapy. Subgroup status and other biologic parameters were assessed. Results In 123 eligible patients (median age, 8.2 years old; median follow-up, 5.38 years), 5-year event-free survival (EFS) and overall survival (OS) were 62% (95% CI, 52 to 72) and 74% (95% CI, 66 to 82), respectively. OS was superior compared with the precedent HIT '91 trial. The 5-year EFS and OS were both 89% (95% CI, 67 to 100) for desmoplastic/nodular (n = 11), 61% (95% CI, 51 to 71) and 75% (95% CI, 65 to 85) for classic (n = 107), and 20% (95% CI, 0 to 55) and 40% (95% CI, 0 to 83) for large-cell/anaplastic (n = 5) medulloblastoma ( P < .001 for EFS; P = .001 for OS). Histology (hazard ratio, 0.19 for desmoplastic/nodular and 45.97 for large-cell/anaplastic medulloblastoma) and nonresponse to the first chemotherapy cycle (hazard ratio, 1.97) were independent risk factors (EFS). Among 81 (66%) patients with tumor material, 5-year EFS and OS differed between low-risk (wingless [WNT], n = 4; both 100%), high-risk ( MYCC/ MYCN amplification; n = 5, both 20%), and intermediate-risk patients (neither; n = 72, 63% and 73%, respectively). Survival rates were different between molecular subgroups (WNT, n = 4; sonic hedgehog [SHH; n = 4]; group 4 [n = 41]; group 3 with [n = 3] or without [n = 17] MYCC/MYCN amplification; P < .001). All cases showed p53 immuno-negativity. There was no association between patients with nonresponding tumors to induction chemotherapy and WNT ( P = .143) or MYCC/MYCN status ( P = .075), histologic subtype ( P = .814), or molecular subtype ( P = .383), as assessed by Fisher's exact test. Conclusion This regimen was feasible and conferred overall favorable survival. Our data confirm the relevance of subgroup status and biologic parameters (WNT/ MYCC/ MYCN status) in a homogeneous prospective trial population, and show that metastatic group 3 patients do not uniformly have poor outcomes. Biologic subgroup, MYCC/ MYCN status, response to induction chemotherapy, and histologic subtype may serve for improved treatment stratification.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Cerebelares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Cerebelares/radioterapia , Meduloblastoma/tratamento farmacológico , Meduloblastoma/radioterapia , Adolescente , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Áustria , Neoplasias Cerebelares/mortalidade , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Terapia Combinada , Irradiação Craniana , Feminino , Alemanha , Humanos , Quimioterapia de Manutenção , Masculino , Meduloblastoma/mortalidade , Metástase Neoplásica , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Taxa de Sobrevida , Suíça , Adulto Jovem
20.
Eur J Cancer ; 65: 91-101, 2016 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27479119

RESUMO

The 'Individualized Therapy for Relapsed Malignancies in Childhood' (INFORM) precision medicine study is a nationwide German program for children with high-risk relapsed/refractory malignancies, which aims to identify therapeutic targets on an individualised basis. In a pilot phase, reported here, we developed the logistical and analytical pipelines necessary for rapid and comprehensive molecular profiling in a clinical setting. Fifty-seven patients from 20 centers were prospectively recruited. Malignancies investigated included sarcomas (n = 25), brain tumours (n = 23), and others (n = 9). Whole-exome, low-coverage whole-genome, and RNA sequencing were complemented with methylation and expression microarray analyses. Alterations were assessed for potential targetability according to a customised prioritisation algorithm and subsequently discussed in an interdisciplinary molecular tumour board. Next-generation sequencing data were generated for 52 patients, with the full analysis possible in 46 of 52. Turnaround time from sample receipt until first report averaged 28 d. Twenty-six patients (50%) harbored a potentially druggable alteration with a prioritisation score of 'intermediate' or higher (level 4 of 7). Common targets included receptor tyrosine kinases, phosphoinositide 3-kinase-mammalian target of rapamycin pathway, mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway, and cell cycle control. Ten patients received a targeted therapy based on these findings, with responses observed in some previously treatment-refractory tumours. Comparative primary relapse analysis revealed substantial tumour evolution as well as one case of unsuspected secondary malignancy, highlighting the importance of re-biopsy at relapse. This study demonstrates the feasibility of comprehensive, real-time molecular profiling for high-risk paediatric cancer patients. This extended proof-of-concept, with examples of treatment consequences, expands upon previous personalised oncology endeavors, and presents a model with considerable interest and practical relevance in the burgeoning era of personalised medicine.


Assuntos
Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Técnicas de Diagnóstico Molecular , Terapia de Alvo Molecular/métodos , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Medicina de Precisão/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Neoplasias/genética , Projetos Piloto , Adulto Jovem
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA