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1.
Respir Investig ; 62(5): 759-761, 2024 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38959673

RESUMO

A 50-year-old man was diagnosed with hypersensitivity pneumonitis caused by the environment of his bar owing to worsening symptoms, laboratory test results, and computed tomography images after an environmental inhalation challenge test. His hypersensitivity pneumonitis exacerbated despite receiving prednisolone 20 mg/day. The patient underwent allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) from a human leukocyte antigen-matched unrelated donor for myelodysplastic syndrome. No exacerbation of hypersensitivity pneumonitis was observed after HSCT. An environmental inhalation challenge test involving exposure to his bar confirmed the remission of hypersensitivity pneumonitis after HSCT. This case demonstrates that hypersensitivity pneumonitis can be remitted by HSCT.

2.
Transplant Cell Ther ; 2024 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38960321

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) is an important therapeutic option for patients with hematological malignancies. However, the development of graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) after allo-HSCT remains a challenge. Although systemic steroid therapy is the established first-line therapy for acute GVHD (aGVHD) and chronic GVHD (cGVHD), many patients are unresponsive or resistant to corticosteroid therapy, and the response is insufficient. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical characteristics of patients who developed aGVHD and cGVHD after allo-HSCT. STUDY DESIGN: This noninterventional, retrospective study used large national registry data from the Transplant Registry Unified Management Program. The study included 29,690 patients with hematological diseases who underwent their first allo-HSCT between January 2010 and December 2019. The primary endpoints of this study were the cumulative incidence of aGVHD and cGVHD. The secondary endpoints were overall survival (OS) and non-relapse mortality (NRM) of patients with aGVHD and cGVHD and OS and NRM of patients who received second-line therapy for aGVHD. RESULTS: Of 29,690 patients who underwent allo-HSCT, 2,807, 6,167, 10,556, 774, and 9,339 patients received related bone marrow (RBM), related peripheral blood (RPB), unrelated bone marrow, unrelated peripheral blood (UPB), and unrelated cord blood, respectively. The cumulative incidence of aGVHD (grades II-IV) at 100 days was high after the related and unrelated mismatched transplantation. Furthermore, response rate for the first- and second-line therapy for aGVHD was low in the RBM/RPB-mismatched (59.6%/61.6%) and UPB-mismatched subgroup (45.5%), respectively. The 3-year NRM in patients with aGVHD was high in the RPB and UPB mismatched subgroups (37.9% and 31.2%, respectively). CONCLUSION: Developing a novel treatment for steroid-refractory aGVHD is necessary to improve transplant outcomes, particularly for patients undergoing HLA-mismatched transplantation.

3.
Ann Hematol ; 2024 Jul 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38969929

RESUMO

Wilms tumor 1 (WT1) gene mutations are infrequent in myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS), but MDS with WT1 mutations (WT1mut) is considered high risk for acute myeloid leukemia (AML) transformation. The influence of WT1 mutations in patients with MDS after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) is unclear. We performed a retrospective analysis of 136 MDS with excess blasts 2 (MDS-EB2) patients with available WT1 status who underwent their first allo-HSCT between 2017 and 2022 in our center. There were 20 (20/136, 15%) cases in the WT1mut group and 116 (116/136, 85%) cases in the WT1 wild-type (WT1wt) group. WT1mut patients had a higher 2-year cumulative incidence of relapse (CIR) than WT1wt cases (26.2% vs. 9.4%, p = 0.037) after allo-HSCT. Multivariate analysis of relapse showed that WT1 mutations (HR, 6.0; p = 0.002), TP53 mutations (HR, 4.2; p = 0.021), and ≥ 5% blasts in bone marrow (BM) at transplantation (HR, 6.6; p = 0.004) were independent risk factors for relapse. Patients were stratified into three groups according to the risk factors. Two-year CIR differed significantly in high-, intermediate-, and low-risk groups (31.8%, 11.6%, and 0%, respectively). Hence, WT1 mutations may be related to post-transplant relapse in patients with MDS-EB2, which warrants further study.

4.
Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 45(4): 357-363, 2024 Apr 14.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38951063

RESUMO

Objective: This study aims to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of gilteritinib (Gilt) -based combination therapy bridging allo-HSCT for FLT3-ITD(+) R/R AML. Additionally, it aims to assess the impact of Gilt maintenance therapy on the prognosis of patients after allo-HSCT. Methods: The clinical data of 26 patients with FLT3-ITD(+) R/R AML treated at the First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University from August 2019 to January 2023 were retrospectively analyzed. The analysis included an assessment of the composite complete remission rate (CRc), overall survival (OS) time, disease-free survival (DFS) time, and adverse events experienced by all enrolled patients. Results: A total of 26 patients with FLT3-ITD(+) R/R AML were enrolled, including 14 men and 12 women with a median age of 38 (18-65) years. A total of 18 cases were refractory, and eight cases were relapsed. The curative effect evaluation conducted between 14 and 21 days showed that the complete remission (CR) rate was 26.9% (7/26), the CR with hematology incomplete recovery was 57.7% (15/26), and the partial response (PR) rate was 7.7% (2/26). The CRc was 84.6% (22/26), and the minimal residual disease (MRD) negativity rate was 65.4%. The 12 month cumulative OS rate for all patients was 79.0%, and the 24 month cumulative OS rate was 72.0%. The median OS time was not determined. The median follow-up time was 16.0 months. Among the patients who responded to treatment, the 12 month cumulative DFS rate was 78.0%, and the 24 month cumulative DFS rate was 71.0%. The median DFS time was not determined. Patients who received allo-HSCT had a median OS time that was significantly longer than those who did not receive allo-HSCT (3.3 months, 95%CI 2.2-4.3 months, P=0.005). The median OS time of patients with or without Gilt maintenance therapy after allo-HSCT was not determined, but the OS time of patients with Gilt maintenance therapy after allo-HSCT treatment was longer than that of patients without Gilt maintenance therapy after allo-HSCT treatment (P=0.019). The FLT3-ITD mutation clearance rate in this study was 38.5%, and the median OS time of patients with FLT3-ITD mutation clearance was not determined but was significantly longer than the median OS of patients without FLT3-ITD mutation clearance (15.0 months; P=0.018). The most common grade 3 and above hematological adverse events of Gilt-based combination therapy included leukopenia (76.9%), neutropenia (76.9%), febrile neutropenia (61.5%), thrombocytopenia (69.2%), and anemia (57.7%). One patient developed differentiation syndrome during oral Gilt maintenance therapy after allo-HSCT treatment, but his condition improved after treatment. Conclusion: The Gilt-based combination therapy is highly effective in treating FLT3-ITD(+) R/R AML. It demonstrates a high CRc, MRD negativity rate, and rapid onset, leading to a significant improvement in patients' survival. Furthermore, the clearance rate of FLT3-ITD mutation is notably high. Additionally, implementing bridging allo-HSCT and Gilt maintenance therapy after allo-HSCT treatment has considerably enhances patients' survival. Closely monitoring and managing any adverse event that may occur during treatment are crucial.


Assuntos
Compostos de Anilina , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Mutação , Pirazinas , Tirosina Quinase 3 Semelhante a fms , Humanos , Tirosina Quinase 3 Semelhante a fms/genética , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/genética , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/terapia , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Pirazinas/administração & dosagem , Adolescente , Compostos de Anilina/uso terapêutico , Idoso , Adulto Jovem , Transplante Homólogo , Indução de Remissão , Intervalo Livre de Doença
5.
J Inflamm Res ; 17: 4093-4104, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38948198

RESUMO

Purpose: Acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) poses a significant impediment to achieving a more favourable therapeutic outcome in allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). The tumour suppressor p53 plays a pivotal role in preventing aGVHD development. However, whether P53 pathway which contains p53 family members and other related genes participates in aGVHD development remains an unsolved question. Patients and Methods: Transcriptomic data was obtained from Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database. Gene set enrichment analysis was applied to determine the enrichment degree of signaling pathways. CIBERSORT and ssGSVA were used to evaluate immune cell compositions. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis were performed to examine the independent diagnostic variables. qRT-PCR was utilized to validate the genes expression levels in our cohort. Results: A total number of 102 patients (42 aGVHD patients vs 60 non-aGVHD patients) were obtained after integrating two datasets in GEO database (GSE73809 and GSE4624). P53 pathway was remarkably suppressed in T cells from aGVHD patients and negatively associated with activated T cells as well as T cells activation related signaling pathways, including T-cell receptor (TCR), mTORC1, MYC and E2F target pathways. A risk model for aGVHD built by four genes (DDIT3, FBXW7, TPRKB and TOB1) in P53 pathway, exhibiting high differentiate and predictive value. DDIT3 and FBXW7 mRNA expression levels significantly decreased in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from aGVHD patients compared with non-aGVHD group in our patient cohort, consisting with bioinformatics analysis. Conclusion: P53 pathway plays a potential role in impeding T cell activation through suppressing its related signaling pathways, thereby preventing aGVHD development. P53 pathway may emerge as a promising therapeutic target in aGVHD treatment.

6.
Hematology ; 29(1): 2377860, 2024 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-39007733

RESUMO

BACKGROUD: Li-Fraumeni syndrome is a hereditary tumor syndrome characterized by an elevated risk of malignancy, particularly acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), which can be caused by the heterozygous germline mutation. TP53 gene germline mutation is considered a potential risk factor and crucial prognostic parameter for acute leukemia development and diagnosis, but rarely occurs in adults, and its specific pathogenic significance in acute leukemia is unclear. CASE PRESENTATION: We describes a case of a 45-year-old woman diagnosed with ALL. Whole-exome sequencing approach identified one of the TP53 germline mutations from her bone marrow sample with possible pathogenic significance, c.848G>A (p.Arg283His) heterozygous missense mutation located on exon 8, which was further verified in her hair, oral mucous and nail samples. Family pedigree screening revealed that the same TP53 genetic variant was present in the patient's father and non-donor son, whereas not in the donor. Digital PCR observed that this point mutation frequency dropped post-transplantation but remained low during maintenance therapy when the patient was leukemia-free. CONCLUSION: This suspected Li-Fraumeni syndrome case report with a likely pathogenic heterozygous TP53 variant expands the cancer genetic spectrum. Screening her family members for mutations facilitates identifying the optimal relative donor and avoids unnecessary treatment by monitoring TP53 germline mutations for minimal residual disease following hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Its potential roles in hematological malignant tumor development and clinical pathogenic implications necessitate further probing.


Assuntos
Mutação em Linhagem Germinativa , Síndrome de Li-Fraumeni , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53 , Humanos , Feminino , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/genética , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/diagnóstico , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/terapia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/genética , Síndrome de Li-Fraumeni/genética , Síndrome de Li-Fraumeni/diagnóstico , Linhagem
7.
Hematology ; 29(1): 2374127, 2024 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-39007736

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate and compare the effects of basic preconditioning regimens Bu/Cy, Cy/TBI and Flu/Bu for the treatment of patients in allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. METHODS: It comprised exploring the published literature in the databases of PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, and Web of Science, using suitable keywords pertaining to various basic pretreatments Bu/Cy, Cy/TBI, and Flu/Bu, prior to allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, and then extracting the searched outcome indicators of Overall Survival (OS) and survival (herein represented as OS and survival). Further, the results were estimated with meta-analysis using R, where the incidence of GVHD was reported in odds ratio (OR) with its 95% confidence interval (95%CI). RESULTS AND DISCUSSION: A total of 14 papers were included in this study, including 1436 cases were treated with Bu/Cy, 1816 cases with Cy/TBI, and 549 cases with Flu/Bu in the preconditioning regimen. After OS was the outcome pooled, compared with Flu/Bu in the preconditioning group, the results (Cy/TBI HR = 1.12 (95% Cl:1.04,1.61), Bu/Cy HR = 1.24 (95% Cl. 1.13,2.06)) showed that Flu/Bu preconditioning regimen significantly improved the overall survival rate of allogeneic HSCT patients. With the incidence of GVHD as the outcome summary, compared with Flu/Bu in the pretreatment group, the results (Cy/TBI HR = 1.24 (95% Cl:1.12, 1.82), Bu/Cy HR = 1.14 (95% Cl. 1.03, 2.12)) indicated that Flu/Bu in the pretreatment regimen group also significantly reduced the incidence of GVHD after allogeneic HSCT. CONCLUSION: Patients who received the basal preconditioning regimen Flu/Bu before allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation had the lowest hazard ratio for overall survival (OS) development. This indicates that the use of the basal preconditioning regimen Flu/Bu for the treatment of patients was the most effective, although the quality of the studies included needs to be confirmed by high-quality randomized controlled trials.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante , Humanos , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/prevenção & controle , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/etiologia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Metanálise em Rede , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante/métodos , Transplante Homólogo
8.
Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 45(5): 445-452, 2024 May 14.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38964918

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and prognostic factors of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) in patients with myelodysplastic syndrome accompanied by myelodysplasia (MDS-EB) and to compare the prognosis of different subtypes of patients classified by World Health Organization (WHO) 2022. Methods: A total of 282 patients with MDS-EB who underwent allo-HSCT at the Hematology Hospital of the Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences from October 2006 to December 2022 were included in the study. The WHO 2022 diagnostic criteria reclassified MDS into three groups: myelodysplastic tumors with type 1/2 of primitive cell proliferation (MDS-IB1/IB2, 222 cases), MDS with fibrosis (MDS-f, 41 cases), and MDS with biallelic TP53 mutation (MDS-biTP53, 19 cases). Their clinical data were retrospectively analyzed. Results: ① The median age of 282 patients was 46 (15-66) years, with 191 males and 91 females. Among them, 118 (42% ) and 164 (58% ) had MDS-EB1 and MDS-EB2, respectively. ②Among the 282 patients, 256 (90.8% ) achieved hematopoietic reconstruction after transplantation, with 11 (3.9% ) and 15 (5.3% ) having primary and secondary implantation dysfunctions, respectively. The cumulative incidence of acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) 100 days post-transplantation was (42.6±3.0) %, and the cumulative incidence of grade Ⅱ-Ⅳ acute GVHD was (33.0±2.8) %. The cumulative incidence of chronic GVHD 1 year post-transplantation was (31.0±2.9) %. Post-transplantation, 128 (45.4% ), 63 (22.3% ), 35 (12.4% ), and 17 patients (6.0% ) developed cytomegalovirus infection, bacteremia, pulmonary fungal infection, and Epstein-Barr virus infection. ③The median follow-up time post-transplantation was 22.1 (19.2-24.7) months, and the 3-year overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) rates were 71.9% (95% CI 65.7% -78.6% ) and 63.6% (95% CI 57.2% -70.7% ), respectively. The 3-year non-recurrent mortality rate (NRM) is 17.9% (95% CI 13.9% -22.9% ), and the 3-year cumulative recurrence rate (CIR) is 9.8% (95% CI 6.7% -13.7% ). The independent risk factors affecting OS post-transplantation include monocyte karyotype (P=0.004, HR=3.26, 95% CI 1.46-7.29), hematopoietic stem cell transplantation complication index (HCI-CI) of ≥3 points (P<0.001, HR=2.86, 95% CI 1.72-4.75), and the occurrence of acute gastrointestinal GVHD of grade Ⅱ-Ⅳ (P<0.001, HR=5.94, 95% CI 3.50-10.10). ④The 3-year OS and DFS rates in the MDS-IB1/IB2 group post-transplantation were better than those in the MDS-biTP53 group [OS: 72.0% (95% CI 63.4% -80.7% ) vs 46.4% (95% CI 26.9% -80.1% ), P=0.020; DFS: 67.4% (95% CI 60.3% -75.3% ) vs 39.7% (95% CI 22.3% -70.8% ), P=0.015]. The 3-year CIR was lower than that of the MDS-biTP53 group [7.3% (95% CI 4.3% -11.4% ) vs 26.9% (95% CI 9.2% -48.5% ), P=0.004]. The NRM at 3 years post-transplantation in the MDS-IB1/IB2, MDS-f, and MDS-biTP53 groups were 16.7% (95% CI 12.1% -22.1% ), 20.5% (95% CI 9.4% -34.6% ), and 26.3% (95% CI 9.1% -47.5% ), respectively (P=0.690) . Conclusion: Allo-HSCT is an effective treatment for MDS-EB, with monomeric karyotype, HCI-CI, and grade Ⅱ-Ⅳ acute gastrointestinal GVHD as independent risk factors affecting the patient's OS. The WHO 2022 classification helps distinguish the efficacy of allo-HSCT in different subgroups of patients. Allo-HSCT can improve the poor prognosis of patients with MDS-f, but those with MDS-biTP53 have a higher risk of recurrence post-transplantation.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas , Transplante Homólogo , Humanos , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/terapia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto , Masculino , Feminino , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Idoso , Taxa de Sobrevida , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/etiologia
9.
Ann Hematol ; 2024 Jul 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38990296

RESUMO

Membranous nephropathy (MN) is a rare complication that can occur after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). MN patients may develop nephrotic syndrome or even kidney failure, which greatly affects their quality of life and prognosis. However, current knowledge regarding MN after allo-HSCT is limited. Thus, a multicenter nested case‒control study was conducted. Patients who had been diagnosed with MN after allo-HSCT were retrospectively identified at 8 HSCT centers. A total of 51 patients with MN after allo-HSCT were included. The median age of MN patients after allo-HSCT was 38 years, and the median duration from HSCT to MN was 18 months. The use of HLA-matched donors (P = 0.0102) and peripheral blood as the graft source (P = 0.0060) were identified as independent predisposing risk factors for the onset of MN after allo-HSCT. Compared to those in the control group, the incidence of extensive chronic graft-versus-host disease was greater in the MN patients (P = 0.0002). A total of 31 patients developed nephrotic syndrome. Patients receiving combination treatments of corticosteroids and immunosuppressants appeared to have better outcomes. In conclusion, MN is a rare but occasionally severe complication following HSCT and may require active treatment.

10.
Expert Rev Hematol ; 2024 Jul 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-39011776

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) is a potentially curative treatment for acquired aplastic anemia (acquired AA) in young patients. The objective of the study was to compare patient outcomes after Cyclophosphamide and horse antithymocyte globulin (Cy-hATG) versus Fludarabine-cyclophosphamide and rabbit ATG (Flu-Cy-rATG) as part of conditioning regimen in allo-HSCT for acquired AA. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Descriptive retrospective study conducted on patients with acquired AA who received allo-HSCT from HLA-matched sibling donors between January 2008 and August 2022 after conditioning regimen with Cy-hATG or Flu-Cy-rATG. RESULTS: A total of 121 patients were enrolled. Cumulative incidence of graft failure was 11.2% in Cy-hATG and 5.3% Flu-Cy-rATG group. There were no significant differences between the two groups in terms of acute GVHD, chronic GVHD and transplant related mortality. Flu-Cy-rATG group was associated with significantly higher CMV and EBV reactivation(s) compared to Cy-hATG group (p = 0.008 and 0.035, respectively). After a median follow-up of 58 months, estimated overall survival, event-free survival and graft rejection-free survival were not statistically different between the two groups. CONCLUSIONS: In high-risk population, Flu-Cy-rATG is associated with comparable outcomes to Cy-hATG in allo-HSCT from MSD. However, it seems to be associated with significant risk of viral infections.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-39018219

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Allogeneic hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation (Allo-HSCT) recipients are still believed to be poor candidates for intensive care unit (ICU) management. OBJECTIVES AND METHODS: We investigated outcomes and determinants of mortality in a large multicenter retrospective cohort of Allo-HSCT patients admitted between January 1, 2015 and December 31, 2020 to 14 French ICUs. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: One thousand one hundred and sixty-four patients were admitted throughout the study period. At the time of ICU admission, 765 (66%) patients presented multiple organ dysfunction, including acute respiratory failure in 40% (n=461). Median SOFA was 6 (4-8). Invasive mechanical ventilation, renal replacement therapy and vasopressors were required in 438 (38%), 221 (19%) and 468 (41%) patients respectively. ICU mortality was 26% (302 deaths). Day-90, 1-year and 3-year mortality rates were 48%, 63%, and 70%, respectively. By multivariable analysis, age >56 years (OR 2·0 [1·53-2·60], p<0·001), time from Allo-HSCT to ICU admission between 30 and 90 days (OR 1·68 [1·17-2·40], p=0·005), corticosteroid-refractory acute graft-versus-host disease (OR 1·63 [1·38-1·93], p<0·001), need for vasopressors (OR 1·9 [1·42-2·55], p<0·001), and mechanical ventilation (OR 3·1 [2·29-4·18], p<0·001) were independently associated with day-90 mortality. In patients requiring mechanical ventilation, mortality rates ranged from 39% (no other risk factors for mortality) to 100% (4 associated risk factors for mortality). CONCLUSIONS: Most critically ill Allo-HSCT recipients survive their ICU stay, including those requiring mechanical ventilation, with an overall day-90 survival rate reaching 51.8%. A careful assessment of goals of care is required in patients with ≥ 2 risk factors for mortality.

12.
Oncol Ther ; 2024 Jun 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38918341

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) following hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is associated with poor health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and functional status. However, few studies have evaluated chronic GVHD-related disability and specific activity limitations from a patient perspective. The objective of this analysis was to assess physical, cognitive, and work disability, and describe factors predictive of disability in patients with chronic GVHD in the potentially employable general workforce. METHODS: The cross-sectional, online, Living With Chronic GVHD Patient Survey was administered in 2020 to adult US patients who reported an active chronic GVHD diagnosis (i.e., within the previous 5 years) following HSCT. Data included demographics, diagnosis, work status, chronic GVHD symptoms per the Lee Symptom Scale (LSS), and effects on daily living activities. Descriptive and correlational analyses informed composite disability definitions: (1) severe cognitive disability, (2) severe physical disability, and (3) work disability. RESULTS: Of 137 respondents with GVHD included in this analysis, 47.0% reported severe cognitive disability, and approximately two-thirds each reported severe physical disability (67.4%) and work disability (62.8%). Chronic GVHD severity/duration, symptoms (Lee Symptom Scale), and number of transplant specialists consulted were associated with all types of disability (univariable analyses). Severe cognitive disability was associated with the number of transplant specialists consulted, severe physical disability with female sex, and work disability with nonwhite race. CONCLUSIONS: In this analysis, we found that the presence of specific symptoms and the number of transplant specialists consulted were associated with all types of severe disability; female sex was predictive of severe physical disability and nonwhite race of work disability. These findings add to the understanding of chronic GVHD-associated disability, suggest a need for improved social support for patients, and highlight potential indicators for those most in need.


Chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) is a possible serious complication that can occur after someone has received a bone marrow or stem cell transplant from another person. Symptoms of chronic GVHD can be severe and can affect quality of life. To better understand exactly how chronic GVHD affects quality of life, we asked adults in the USA with chronic GVHD to fill out a survey. The objective of this research was to find out how chronic GVHD affects daily activities and work. The survey asked about physical activities including personal hygiene, eating, shopping, and ability to use the restroom, and the survey asked about mental tasks including managing personal finances and interactions with other people. The survey also asked questions about work, such as the need to take disability leave or to leave a job due to chronic GVHD. Many people with chronic GVHD who completed the survey said they had severe difficulty with mental and/or physical tasks, and many had work-related disability. People with more severe chronic GVHD who had met with many transplant specialists were more likely to have difficulty with mental and physical tasks and also to have work disability. Women who completed the survey were more likely to report severe physical disability than men, and nonwhite participants were more likely to report work disability. The results of this survey highlight a need for improved social support for patients with chronic GVHD.

13.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 32(3): 945-951, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38926993

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the application value of simultaneous monitoring of voriconazole (VRCZ) and voriconazole N-oxide (VNO) in efficacy and safety of VRCZ in the prevention and treatment of fungal infections in allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) patients before engraftment (i.e., days +1 to +30 after transplantation). METHODS: The influencing factors of VRCZ, VNO concentration and MR (CVNO/CVRCZ) and the difference of VRCZ in the prevention and treatment of fungal infection and liver and kidney injury were analyzed. The receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) was used to analyze the differences (the corresponding to the maximum of the Youden index on the curve was set as the cut-off value) to confirm the critical value. RESULTS: The factors affecting VRCZ concentration (CVRCZ), VNO concentration (CVNO) and MR were patient weight, VRCZ daily dose, and transplantation type (all P < 0.05). CVRCZ and CVNO in the effective group were higher than those in the ineffective group (P < 0.001), the opposite of MR (P < 0.001); the liver and renal injury group had lower MR than the normal group (P < 0.05). ROC showed that CVRCZ, C VNO and MR had important value in predicting VRCZ in the prevention and treatment of invasive fungal infections in allo-HSCT patients before engraftment, and their cutoff of concentrations were 0.95 µg/ml, 1.35 µg/ml and 1.645, respectively (AUC: 0.9677, 0.7634, 0.9564). CVRCZ and MR can assist in indicating liver ï¼»cutoff values: 0.65 µg/ml, 1.96 (AUC: 0.5971, 0.6663)ï¼½ and renal injury ï¼»cutoff values: 0.95 µg/ml, 1.705 (AUC: 0.6039, 0.6164)ï¼½. CONCLUSION: The great value of simultaneous monitoring of VRCZ, VNO and MR can predict in the efficacy and safety of VRCZ in allo-HSCT patients before engraftment. The prediction accuracy of CVRCZ was higher than that of MR, followed by that of CVNO. Increased CVRCZ and decreased MR increase the risk of liver and kidney injury.


Assuntos
Antifúngicos , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Transplante Homólogo , Voriconazol , Humanos , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Micoses , Monitoramento de Medicamentos/métodos
14.
Clin Hematol Int ; 6(2): 62-84, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38884110

RESUMO

Achieving long-term disease control using therapeutic immunomodulation is a long-standing concept with a strong tradition in blood malignancies. Besides allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation that continues to provide potentially curative treatment for otherwise challenging diagnoses, recent years have seen impressive progress in immunotherapies for leukemias and lymphomas with immune checkpoint blockade, bispecific monoclonal antibodies, and CAR T cell therapies. Despite their success, non-response, relapse, and immune toxicities remain frequent, thus prioritizing the elucidation of the underlying mechanisms and identifying predictive biomarkers. The increasing availability of single-cell genomic tools now provides a system's immunology view to resolve the molecular and cellular mechanisms of immunotherapies at unprecedented resolution. Here, we review recent studies that leverage these technological advancements for tracking immune responses, the emergence of immune resistance, and toxicities. As single-cell immune monitoring tools evolve and become more accessible, we expect their wide adoption for routine clinical applications to catalyze more precise therapeutic steering of personal immune responses.

15.
Ann Hematol ; 2024 Jun 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38916740

RESUMO

Steroid-refractory acute graft-versus-host disease (aGvHD) is a serious complication after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, associated with significant mortality. Ruxolitinib was the first drug approved for aGvHD, based on results of the REACH2 trial; however, real-world data are limited. We retrospectively analyzed the safety and efficacy of ruxolitinib for treatment of aGvHD at our center from March 2016 to August 2022 and assessed biomarkers of risk. We identified 49 patients receiving ruxolitinib as second- (33/49), third- (11/49), fourth- (3/49), or fifth-line (2/49) treatment. Ruxolitinib was started on median day 11 (range, 7-21) after aGvHD onset; median duration of administration was 37 days (range, 20-86), with 10 patients continuing treatment at last follow-up. Median follow-up period was 501 days (range, 95-905). In the primary analysis at the 1-month assessment, overall response rate was 65%, and failure-free survival was 78%. Infectious complications ≥ CTCAE Grade III were observed in 10/49 patients within 1-month followup. Patients responding to ruxolitinib therapy required fewer steroids and exhibited lower levels of the serum biomarkers regenerating islet-derived protein 3-alpha, suppression of tumorigenicity 2, and the Mount Sinai Acute GVHD International Consortium algorithm probability. A univariate regression model revealed steroid-dependent aGvHD as a significant predictor of better response to ruxolitinib. Within 6-months follow-up, four patients experienced recurrence of underlying malignancy, and eight died due to treatment-related mortality. Overall, ruxolitinib was welltolerated and showed response in heavily pretreated patients, with results comparable to those of the REACH2 trial. Biomarkers may be useful predictors of response to ruxolitinib.

16.
Ann Hematol ; 2024 Jun 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38916742

RESUMO

Steroid-refractory chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGvHD) is associated with significant morbidity and mortality, with ruxolitinib being the first drug approved for its treatment. We retrospectively analyzed the safety and efficacy of ruxolitinib for treatment of cGvHD at our center between 07/2015 and 12/2022 and identified 48 patients receiving ruxolitinib as second (18/48) or advanced (30/48) treatment line. Ruxolitinib was started on median day 340 (range 119-595) after cGvHD onset; median duration of administration was 176 (range, 79-294) days with 16/48 patients continuing treatment at last follow-up. National Institutes of Health organ grading and the intensity of immunosuppression were assessed at the start of ruxolitinib treatment and repeated after 1, 3, 6, and 12 months. Response assessment was terminated at the start of any additional new immunosuppressant treatment. The median time of follow-up was 582 (range, 104-1161) days. At the primary analysis after six months on ruxolitinib treatment, the overall response rate was 33%, and failure-free survival was 58%. Infectious adverse events ≥ CTCAE grade III were observed in 10/48 patients. The response rate was not associated with the severity of cGvHD, number of previous treatment lines, or number of additional agents combined with ruxolitinib applying a univariate regression model. At the time of the 12-month follow-up, four patients experienced recurrence of the underlying malignancy and two patients had experienced non-relapse-related mortality. Overall, ruxolitinib was relatively well-tolerated and showed outcomes comparable to the REACH3 trial in a heavily pretreated patient population.

17.
Hematology ; 29(1): 2360843, 2024 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38828928

RESUMO

The outcomes of relapsed Philadelphia chromosome-positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia (Ph+ALL) resistant to new drugs such as tyrosine kinase inhibitors, inotuzumab ozogamicin (InO) and blinatumomab are dismal. We treated two cases of Ph+ALL resistant to these drugs that achieved long-term survival after treatment with chimeric antigen receptor (CAR)-T cell therapy or a second allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HCT) with a sequential conditioning regimen. Case 1: A 15-year-old boy was diagnosed with Ph+ALL. Despite the second HCT after the treatment of ponatinib and blinatumomab, hematological relapse occurred. InO was ineffective and he was transferred to a CAR-T center. After the CAR-T cell therapy, negative measurable residual disease (MRD) was achieved and maintained for 38 months without maintenance therapy. Case 2: A 21-year-old man was diagnosed with Ph+ALL. Hematological relapse occurred after the first HCT. Despite of the treatment with InO, ponatinib, and blinatumomab, hematological remission was not achieved. The second HCT was performed using a sequential conditioning regimen with clofarabine. Negative MRD was subsequently achieved and maintained for 42 months without maintenance therapy. These strategies are suggestive and helpful to treat Ph+ALL resistant to multiple immunotherapies.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Imidazóis , Cromossomo Filadélfia , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras , Piridazinas , Humanos , Masculino , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/terapia , Piridazinas/uso terapêutico , Adolescente , Imidazóis/uso terapêutico , Adulto Jovem , Imunoterapia , Recidiva , Transplante Homólogo
18.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 11: 1373062, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38873193

RESUMO

Introduction: Cytomegalovirus (CMV) can cause various end-organ diseases in immunocompromised hosts, including allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplant (allo-HSCT) recipients. Interestingly, CMV viremia has been associated with various complications and poor prognosis in allo-HSCT recipients. Complications involving the central nervous system (CNS) occur in 9-14% of patients following allo-HSCT. However, autoimmune encephalitis (AE) secondary to CMV infection after allo-HSCT has rarely been reported. Here we report a case of possible AE following CMV viremia after allo-HSCT, which was successfully treated with high-dose pulsed methylprednisolone and intravenous immunoglobulins (IVIg). Case description: A 53-year-old female underwent allo-HSCT for T-lymphoblastic lymphoma/leukemia. The patient developed CMV viremia on day 36 after transplantation, and serum CMV-DNA remained positive after initiating ganciclovir antiviral therapy, turning negative one month later. Four months later, she started experiencing memory impairment, weakness in the left limbs, cognitive dysfunction, and hallucinations. A magnetic resonance imaging brain scan showed scattered ischemic lesions under the bilateral frontal cortex. Viral detection in cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) by next-generation gene sequencing technology showed no obvious abnormality. Antibodies specific to AE and paraneoplastic diseases in serum and CSF were absent. The oligoclonal bands in the CSF were detected using isoelectric focusing and immunofixation, and the results were negative. However, after extensive investigation regarding infections, autoimmune disorders, and recurrence of the malignancy, possible AE could not be excluded. The patient was treated with high-dose steroids combined with IVIg therapy; the patient's symptoms were significantly improved. Conclusion: The mechanisms of AE after allo-HSCT and the relationship with CMV infection should be further studied. Therefore, reporting this and similar cases will improve our awareness and understanding of the underlying disease mechanisms.

19.
Open Life Sci ; 19(1): 20220771, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38840889

RESUMO

The goal of the study involved the comparison of clinical efficacy of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) and autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (auto-HSCT) in the treatment of malignant lymphoma (ML). The effectiveness of allo-HSCT versus auto-HSCT in the treatment of ML was compared by searching EMBASE, PubMed, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Library for relevant studies. The confidence intervals (CI) and odds ratio (OR) of the article's outcomes were described by a forest plot. Finally, 972 patients in seven articles were included. Overall survival (OS) did not differ significantly between allo-HSCT and auto-HSCT groups (OR = 0.87, 95% CI: 0.66-1.14, P = 0.31). Furthermore, there was no significant difference in adverse reactions (AR) between the two groups (OR = 1.35, 95% CI: 0.81-2.24, P = 0.25). We observed a significant difference in progression-free survival (PFS) between the two groups (OR = 4.14, 95% CI: 2.93-5.35, P < 0.01). There was no evidence of publication bias in this meta-analysis. The incidence of OS and AR differ significantly between allo-HSCT and auto-HSCT, but the PFS was longer in ML patients who received allo-HSCT.

20.
Ann Hematol ; 103(7): 2485-2497, 2024 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38709259

RESUMO

Cardiotoxicity in children is a potentially fatal complication after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT); therefore, early identification of risk factors can improve patient prognosis. However, there are few data on the clinical characteristics of early-stage cardiotoxicity in children after allo-HSCT. We conducted a retrospective single-center study of pediatric patients who underwent allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) between January 2016 and December 2022 at the Children's Hospital Affiliated with Chongqing Medical University to evaluate the clinical characteristics of early cardiac events (ECEs) after allo-HSCT and their impact on survival outcomes. We enrolled 444 patients who underwent allo-HSCT-304 males (68%) and 140 females (32%)-with a median age of 3.3 years (1.8-6.5 years) at transplantation. We found that 73 patients (16.4%) had ECEs after allo-HSCT. The ECEs included valvular disease (n = 46), pericardial effusion (n = 38), arrhythmia (n = 9), heart failure (n = 16), and dilated cardiomyopathy (n = 1). Female sex, age ≥ 6 years, body mass index (BMI) < 16 kg/m2 and HLA-type mismatches were risk factors for ECEs. We designed a stratified cardiac risk score that included these risk factors, and the higher the score was, the greater the cumulative incidence of ECEs. The occurrence of an ECE was closely associated with a lower overall survival (OS) rate and greater nonrelapse mortality (NRM). In addition, stratified analysis based on the number of combined ECEs showed that the greater the number of combined ECEs was, the more significant the negative impact on OS rates.


Assuntos
Cardiotoxicidade , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Humanos , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/mortalidade , Feminino , Masculino , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Retrospectivos , Lactente , Cardiotoxicidade/etiologia , Cardiotoxicidade/mortalidade , Fatores de Risco , Taxa de Sobrevida , Transplante Homólogo/efeitos adversos , Cardiopatias/etiologia , Cardiopatias/mortalidade
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