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1.
Bioact Mater ; 19: 594-610, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35600975

RESUMO

Cancer metastases are the most common causes of cancer-related deaths. The formation of secondary tumors at different sites in the human body can impair multiple organ function and dramatically decrease the survival of the patients. In this stage, it is difficulty to treat tumor growth and spreading due to arising therapy resistances. Therefore, it is important to prevent cancer metastases and to increase subsequent cancer therapy success. Cancer metastases are conventionally treated with radiation or chemotherapy. However, these treatments elicit lots of side effects, wherefore novel local treatment approaches are currently discussed. Recent studies already showed anticancer activity of specially designed degradable magnesium (Mg) alloys by reducing the cancer cell proliferation. In this work, we investigated the impact of these Mg-based materials on different steps of the metastatic cascade including cancer cell migration, invasion, and cancer-induced angiogenesis. Both, Mg and Mg-6Ag reduced cell migration and invasion of osteosarcoma cells in coculture with fibroblasts. Furthermore, the Mg-based materials used in this study diminished the cancer-induced angiogenesis. Endothelial cells incubated with conditioned media obtained from these Mg and Mg-6Ag showed a reduced cell layer permeability, a reduced proliferation and inhibited cell migration. The tube formation as a last step of angiogenesis was stimulated with the presence of Mg under normoxia and diminished under hypoxia.

2.
Bioact Mater ; 20: 93-110, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35633874

RESUMO

The revolutionary role of tissue adhesives in wound closure, tissue sealing, and bleeding control necessitates the development of multifunctional materials capable of effective and scarless healing. In contrast to the use of traditionally utilized toxic oxidative crosslinking initiators (exemplified by sodium periodate and silver nitrate), herein, the natural polyphenolic compound tannic acid (TA) was used to achieve near instantaneous (<25s), hydrogen bond mediated gelation of citrate-based mussel-inspired bioadhesives combining anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, and antimicrobial activities (3A-TCMBAs). The resulting materials were self-healing and possessed low swelling ratios (<60%) as well as considerable mechanical strength (up to ∼1.0 MPa), elasticity (elongation ∼2700%), and adhesion (up to 40 kPa). The 3A-TCMBAs showed strong in vitro and in vivo anti-oxidant ability, favorable cytocompatibility and cell migration, as well as photothermal antimicrobial activity against both Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli (>90% bacterial death upon near-infrared (NIR) irradiation). In vivo evaluation in both an infected full-thickness skin wound model and a rat skin incision model demonstrated that 3A-TCMBAs + NIR treatment could promote wound closure and collagen deposition and improve the collagen I/III ratio on wound sites while simultaneously inhibiting the expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines. Further, phased angiogenesis was observed via promotion in the early wound closure phases followed by inhibition and triggering of degradation & remodeling of the extracellular matrix (ECM) in the late stage (supported by phased CD31 (platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1) PDGF (platelet-derived growth factor) and VEGF (vascular endothelial growth factor) expression as well as elevated matrix metalloprotein-9 (MMP-9) expression on day 21), resulting in scarless wound healing. The significant convergence of material and bioactive properties elucidated above warrant further exploration of 3A-TCMBAs as a significant, new class of bioadhesive.

3.
Bioact Mater ; 20: 16-28, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35633876

RESUMO

Polyetheretherketone (PEEK) has been an alternative material for titanium in bone defect repair, but its clinical application is limited by its poor osseointegration. In this study, a porous structural design and activated surface modification were used to enhance the osseointegration capacity of PEEK materials. Porous PEEK scaffolds were manufactured via fused deposition modeling and a polydopamine (PDA) coating chelated with magnesium ions (Mg2+) was utilized on the surface. After surface modification, the hydrophilicity of PEEK scaffolds was significantly enhanced, and bioactive Mg2+ could be released. In vitro results showed that the activated surface could promote cell proliferation and adhesion and contribute to osteoblast differentiation and mineralization; the released Mg2+ promoted angiogenesis and might contribute to the formation of osteogenic H-type vessels. Furthermore, porous PEEK scaffolds were implanted in rabbit femoral condyles for in vivo evaluation of osseointegration. The results showed that the customized three-dimensional porous structure facilitated vascular ingrowth and bone ingrowth within the PEEK scaffolds. The PDA coating enhanced the interfacial osseointegration of porous PEEK scaffolds and the released Mg2+ accelerated early bone ingrowth by promoting early angiogenesis during the coating degradation process. This study provides an efficient solution for enhancing the osseointegration of PEEK materials, which has high potential for translational clinical applications.

4.
Bioact Mater ; 19: 24-37, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35415312

RESUMO

Wound healing is a highly orchestrated process involving a variety of cells, including immune cells. Developing immunomodulatory biomaterials for regenerative engineering applications, such as bone regeneration, is an appealing strategy. Herein, inspired by the immunomodulatory effects of gastrodin (a bioactive component in traditional Chinese herbal medicine), a series of new immunomodulatory gastrodin-comprising biodegradable polyurethane (gastrodin-PU) and nano-hydroxyapatite (n-HA) (gastrodin-PU/n-HA) composites were developed. RAW 264.7 macrophages, rat bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (rBMSCs), and human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) were cultured with gastrodin-PU/n-HA containing different concentrations of gastrodin (0.5%, 1%, and 2%) to decipher their immunomodulatory effects on osteogenesis and angiogenesis in vitro. Results demonstrated that, compared with PU/n-HA, gastrodin-PU/n-HA induced macrophage polarization toward the M2 phenotype, as evidenced by the higher expression level of pro-regenerative cytokines (CD206, Arg-1) and the lower expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines (iNOS). The expression levels of osteogenesis-related factors (BMP-2 and ALP) in the rBMSCs and angiogenesis-related factors (VEGF and BFGF) in the HUVECs were significantly up-regulated in gastrodin-PU/n-HA/macrophage-conditioned medium. The immunomodulatory effects of gastrodin-PU/n-HA to reprogram macrophages from a pro-inflammatory (M1) phenotype to an anti-inflammatory and pro-healing (M2) phenotype were validated in a rat subcutaneous implantation model. And the 2% gastrodin-PU/n-HA significantly decreased fibrous capsule formation and enhanced angiogenesis. Additionally, 2% gastrodin-PU/n-HA scaffolds implanted in the rat femoral condyle defect model showed accelerated osteogenesis and angiogenesis. Thus, the novel gastrodin-PU/n-HA scaffold may represent a new and promising immunomodulatory biomaterial for bone repair and regeneration.

5.
Bioact Mater ; 20: 561-573, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35846841

RESUMO

Neovascularization is critical to improve the diabetic microenvironment, deliver abundant nutrients to the wound and promote wound closure. However, the excess of oxidative stress impedes the healing process. Herein, a self-adaptive multifunctional hydrogel with self-healing property and injectability is fabricated through a boronic ester-based reaction between the phenylboronic acid groups of the 3-carboxyl-4-fluorophenylboronic acid -grafted quaternized chitosan and the hydroxyl groups of the polyvinyl alcohol, in which pro-angiogenic drug of desferrioxamine (DFO) is loaded in the form of gelatin microspheres (DFO@G). The boronic ester bonds of the hydrogel can self-adaptively react with hyperglycemic and hydrogen peroxide to alleviate oxidative stress and release DFO@G in the early phase of wound healing. A sustained release of DFO is then realized by responding to overexpressed matrix metalloproteinases. In a full-thickness diabetic wound model, the DFO@G loaded hydrogel accelerates angiogenesis by upregulating expression of hypoxia-inducible factor-1 and angiogenic growth factors, resulting in collagen deposition and rapid wound closure. This multifunctional hydrogel can not only self-adaptively change the microenvironment to a pro-healing state by decreasing oxidative stress, but also respond to matrix metalloproteinases to release DFO. The self-adaptive multifunctional hydrogel has a potential for treating diabetic wounds.

6.
Neural Regen Res ; 18(1): 200-206, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35799543

RESUMO

We previously combined reduced graphene oxide (rGO) with gelatin-methacryloyl (GelMA) and polycaprolactone (PCL) to create an rGO-GelMA-PCL nerve conduit and found that the conductivity and biocompatibility were improved. However, the rGO-GelMA-PCL nerve conduits differed greatly from autologous nerve transplants in their ability to promote the regeneration of injured peripheral nerves and axonal sprouting. Extracellular vesicles derived from bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) can be loaded into rGO-GelMA-PCL nerve conduits for repair of rat sciatic nerve injury because they can promote angiogenesis at the injured site. In this study, 12 weeks after surgery, sciatic nerve function was measured by electrophysiology and sciatic nerve function index, and myelin sheath and axon regeneration were observed by electron microscopy, immunohistochemistry, and immunofluorescence. The regeneration of microvessel was observed by immunofluorescence. Our results showed that rGO-GelMA-PCL nerve conduits loaded with BMSC-derived extracellular vesicles were superior to rGO-GelMA-PCL conduits alone in their ability to increase the number of newly formed vessels and axonal sprouts at the injury site as well as the recovery of neurological function. These findings indicate that rGO-GelMA-PCL nerve conduits loaded with BMSC-derived extracellular vesicles can promote peripheral nerve regeneration and neurological function recovery, and provide a new direction for the curation of peripheral nerve defect in the clinic.

7.
Cell Tissue Res ; 387(2): 275-285, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34820705

RESUMO

Isosteviol has been indicated as a cardiomyocyte protector. However, the underlying mechanism remains unclear. Thus, we sought to confirm the protective effect of isosteviol after myocardial infarction in a model of permanent coronary artery occlusion and investigate the potential proangiogenic activity in vitro and in vivo. A 4-week permanent coronary artery occlusion rat model was generated, and the protective effect of isosteviol was evaluated by echocardiographic imaging and hemodynamics assays. The coronary capillary density was tested by immunochemistry and micro-computed tomography (µCT) imaging. The effect of isosteviol on endothelial cells was determined in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) in vitro and Tg (kdrl: EGFP) zebrafish in vivo. We also examined the expression of related transcription factors by real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR). Isosteviol increased ejection fraction (EF), fractional shortening (FS), cardiac systolic index (CI), maximum rate of increase of left ventricular pressure (Max dp/dt), and left ventricular systolic pressure (LVSP) by 32%, 40%, 25%, 26%, and 10%, respectively, in permanent coronary artery occlusion rats. Interestingly, it also promoted coronary capillary density by 2.5-fold. In addition, isosteviol promoted the proliferation and branching of HUVECs in vitro. It also rescued intersegmental vessel (ISV) development and improved endothelial cell proliferation by approximately fivefold (4-6) in zebrafish embryos in vivo. Isosteviol also upregulated the expression of hypoxia inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) and vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGFA) in zebrafish by fourfold and 3.5-fold, respectively. Our findings suggest that isosteviol is a proangiogenic agent and that this activity is related to its protective effects against myocardial ischemia. After using the permanent coronary artery occlusion model, we demonstrated that isosteviol promotes angiogenesis directly and increases capillary density in myocardial ischemia rats. Isosteviol promotes angiogenesis in zebrafish in vivo and increases vascular endothelial cell proliferation in HUVECs and zebrafish. The angiogenesis activity of isosteviol may be correlated with VEGFA and HIF-1α signaling.


Assuntos
Infarto do Miocárdio , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular , Animais , Diterpenos do Tipo Caurano , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana/metabolismo , Humanos , Subunidade alfa do Fator 1 Induzível por Hipóxia/metabolismo , Neovascularização Fisiológica , Ratos , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo , Microtomografia por Raio-X , Peixe-Zebra/metabolismo
8.
Biol Pharm Bull ; 45(3): 309-315, 2022 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34937830

RESUMO

Anti-angiogenic gene therapy is a promising strategy in treating cancer. Endostatin and angiostatin are widely used in tumor anti-angiogenesis therapy. Our previous studies have shown that the BDS-hEA, a baculovirus long-term expressing the fusion protein of human endostatin and angiostatin, has a favorable effect in inhibiting the growth and angiogenesis of hepatocellular carcinoma. The purpose of this study was to further investigate its synergistic antitumor efficiency in combination with low-dose chemotherapeutic gemcitabine (GEM) on the subcutaneous hepatocellular carcinoma xenograft model in nude mice. The results showed that the combined group significantly inhibited (p < 0.05 or p < 0.01 or p < 0.001) the growth of tumor weight and volume, reduced the expression of ki67 (cell proliferation marker), CD31 (angiogenic marker) and Matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP-9, tumor invasion and metastasis marker) and increased the apoptosis of tumor cells compared with the monotherapy and control groups, respectively. Synergistic index results showed that BDS-hEA combined with GEM had a synergistic effect in inhibiting tumor volume, proliferation, microvessel density, metastasis and promoting tumor apoptosis. Furthermore, there were no metastatic nodules and obvious pathological changes in liver tissue of the combined group, and the serum liver function indicators aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), total bilirubin (T-BIL), alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT) were significantly reduced (p < 0.05 or p < 0.01 or p < 0.001) in the BDS-hEA or GEM groups compared with the control group. Notably, the combined therapy showed lower levels of liver function indicators than the GEM group. These data support the view that the combination of BDS-hEA and GEM has a synergistic anti-tumor properties and can reduce the damage of liver to certain extent.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Inibidores da Angiogênese/uso terapêutico , Angiostatinas/genética , Angiostatinas/uso terapêutico , Animais , Baculoviridae , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/metabolismo , Desoxicitidina/análogos & derivados , Endostatinas/genética , Endostatinas/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Nus
9.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 9: 769717, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35369317

RESUMO

Stroke is a disease with high morbidity, disability and mortality, which seriously endangers the life span and quality of life of people worldwide. Angiogenesis and neuroprotection are the key to the functional recovery of penumbra function after acute cerebral infarction. In this study, we used the middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) model to investigate the effects of 1α,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25-D3) on transforming growth factor-ß (TGF-ß)/Smad2/3 signaling pathway. Cerebral infarct volume was measured by TTC staining. A laser speckle flow imaging system was used to measure cerebral blood flow (CBF) around the ischemic cortex of the infarction, followed by platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1 (PECAM-1/CD31) and isolectin-B4 (IB4) immunofluorescence. The expression of vitamin D receptor (VDR), TGF-ß, Smad2/3, p-Smad2, p-Smad3, and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) was analyzed by western blot and RT-qPCR. Results showed that compared with the sham group, the cerebral infarction volume was significantly increased while the CBF was reduced remarkably in the MCAO group. 1,25-D3 reduced cerebral infarction volume, increased the recovery of CBF and expressions of VDR, TGF-ß, p-Smad2, p-Smad3, and VEGF, significantly increased IB4+ tip cells and CD31+ vascular length in the peri-infarct area compared with the DMSO group. The VDR antagonist pyridoxal-5-phosphate (P5P) partially reversed the neuroprotective effects of 1,25-D3 described above. In summary, 1,25-D3 plays a neuroprotective role in stroke by activating VDR and promoting the activation of TGF-ß, which in turn up-regulates the TGF-ß/Smad2/3 signaling pathway, increases the release of VEGF and thus promotes angiogenesis, suggesting that this signaling pathway may be an effective target for ischemic stroke treatment. 1,25-D3 is considered to be a neuroprotective agent and is expected to be an effective drug for the treatment of ischemic stroke and related diseases.

10.
Bioengineering (Basel) ; 9(9)2022 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36134990

RESUMO

Cigarette smoking (CS) leads to several adverse health effects, including diseases, disabilities, and even death. Post-operative and trauma patients who smoke have an increased risk for complications, such as delayed bone or wound healing. In clinical trials, microcurrent (MC) has been shown to be a safe, non-invasive, and effective way to accelerate wound healing. Our study aimed to investigate if MC with the strength of 100 µA may be beneficial in treating CS-related healing impairment, especially in regard to angiogenesis. In this study, we investigated the effect of human keratinocyte cells (HaCaT) on angiogenesis after 72 h of cigarette smoke extract (CSE) exposure in the presence or absence of 100 µA MC. Cell viability and proliferation were evaluated by resazurin conversion, Sulforhodamine B, and Calcein-AM/Hoechst 33342 staining; the pro-angiogenic potential of HaCaT cells was evaluated by tube formation assay and angiogenesis array assay; signaling pathway alterations were investigated using Western blot. Constant exposure for 72 h to a 100 µA MC enhanced the angiogenic ability of HaCaT cells, which was mediated through the PI3K-Akt signaling pathway. In conclusion, the current data indicate that 100 µA MC may support wound healing in smoking patients by enhancing angiogenesis.

11.
Cell Signal ; 100: 110458, 2022 Aug 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36055565

RESUMO

Hepatic progenitor cells (HPCs) are facultative tissue-specific stem cells lining reactive ductules, which are ubiquitously observed in chronic liver diseases and cancer. Although previous research mainly focused on their contribution to liver regeneration, it turned out that in vivo differentiation of HPCs into hepatocytes only occurs after extreme injury. While recent correlative evidence implies the association of HPCs with disease progression, their exact role in pathogenesis remains largely unknown. Our previous research demonstrated that HPCs expressing angiogenic paracrine factors accumulate in the peritumoral area and are positively correlated with the extent of intratumoral cell proliferation and angiogenesis in the livers of patients with liver cancer. Given the crucial roles of angiogenesis in liver disease progression and carcinogenesis, we aimed to test the hypothesis that HPCs secrete paracrine factors to communicate with endothelial cells, to determine molecular mechanisms mediating HPCs-endothelial interactions, and to understand how the paracrine function of HPCs is regulated. HPCs promoted viability and tubulogenesis of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) and upregulated genes known to be involved in angiogenesis, endothelial cell function, and disease progression in a paracrine manner. The paracrine function of HPCs as well as expression of colony stimulating factor 1 (CSF1) were inhibited upon differentiation of HPCs toward hepatocytes. Inhibition of CSF1 receptor partly suppressed the paracrine effects of HPCs on HUVECs. Taken together, our study indicates that inhibition of the paracrine function of HPCs through modulation of their differentiation status and inhibition of CSF1 signaling is a promising strategy for inhibition of angiogenesis during pathological progression.

12.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 244: 114034, 2022 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36063615

RESUMO

2, 2', 4, 4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether (BDE-47) is one of the most important polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) congeners, and epidemiological studies have shown that it can cause adverse pregnancy outcomes. The aim of our study was to investigate the role of placental injury in BDE-47-induced adverse pregnancy outcomes through in vivo and in vitro models. From day 0.5 to day 16.5 of pregnancy of ICR mice, BDE-47 oral doses of 0, 25, 50 and 100 mg/kg/day were administered. Immunohistochemical staining found that BDE-47 inhibited the expression of CD34 in mouse placenta, and ELISA results showed that BDE-47 reduced the levels of VEGF and PlGF in the serum of pregnant mice. Western blot assays found that the expression levels of VEGF-A and invasion-related factors were decreased in the placentas of BDE-47-treated group, which indicated that BDE-47 could impair placental angiogenesis. Furthermore, BDE-47 inhibited proliferation, increased apoptosis and autophagy, and activated p38 MAPK signaling pathway in mouse placental tissue. In vitro, HTR-8/SVneo cells were treated with 0, 5, 10, 20 µM BDE-47 for 24 h. Wound healing assays and Transwell assays showed that BDE-47 inhibited the migration and invasion ability of HTR-8/SVneo cells. We also found that BDE-47 inhibited the proliferation of HTR-8/SVneo cells and increased apoptosis and autophagy. BDE-47 activated p38 MAPK signaling pathway in HTR-8/SVneo cells, and inhibition of p38 MAPK signaling pathway in HTR-8/SVneo cells restored the effects caused by BDE-47. In conclusion, BDE-47 impairs placental angiogenesis by inhibiting cell migration and invasion, and induces placental toxicity by inhibiting proliferation, increasing apoptosis and autophagy. In vitro, activation of p38 MAPK signaling pathway is involved in the processes of placental injury by BDE-47.

13.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 244: 114055, 2022 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36075122

RESUMO

Cadmium is a ubiquitous environmental pollutant, which can increase the risk of preeclampsia. This study was designed to determine the mechanism of cadmium exposure during pregnancy impaired placental angiogenesis that was associated with the occurrence of preeclampsia. The effects of cadmium exposure on placental thyroid hormone receptor signaling were explored. JEG3 cells were treated with CdCl2 (20 µM) and the Dio2 inhibitor, IOP (100 µM). Cadmium levels in maternal blood and placentae were increased in preeclampsia group. Placental angiogenesis of preeclampsia was decreased with decreased expression of PLGF and VEGF and increased expression of sFlt1. Meanwhile, the expression and nuclear translocation of thyroid hormone receptor α were decreased in preeclampsia placenta, as well as the expression of Dio2, but not the expression and nuclear translocation of thyroid hormone receptor ß. Furthermore, we found that cadmium exposure downregulated the expression of thyroid hormone receptor α and Dio2, but not the expression of thyroid hormone receptor ß in JEG3 cells. Also, we found that cadmium exposure decreased the expression of PLGF and VEGF and increased the expression of sFlt1 in JEG3 cells. IOP pretreatment decreased the expression of PLGF and increased the expression of sFlt1. In conclusion, our results elucidated that cadmium exposure would impair placental angiogenesis in preeclampsia through disturbing thyroid hormone receptor signaling.

14.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 119(38): e2207525119, 2022 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36095208

RESUMO

Progress in bottom-up synthetic biology has stimulated the development of synthetic cells (SCs), autonomous protein-manufacturing particles, as dynamic biomimetics for replacing diseased natural cells and addressing medical needs. Here, we report that SCs genetically encoded to produce proangiogenic factors triggered the physiological process of neovascularization in mice. The SCs were constructed of giant lipid vesicles and were optimized to facilitate enhanced protein production. When introduced with the appropriate genetic code, the SCs synthesized a recombinant human basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), reaching expression levels of up to 9⋅106 protein copies per SC. In culture, the SCs induced endothelial cell proliferation, migration, tube formation, and angiogenesis-related intracellular signaling, confirming their proangiogenic activity. Integrating the SCs with bioengineered constructs bearing endothelial cells promoted the remodeling of mature vascular networks, supported by a collagen-IV basement membrane-like matrix. In vivo, prolonged local administration of the SCs in mice triggered the infiltration of blood vessels into implanted Matrigel plugs without recorded systemic immunogenicity. These findings emphasize the potential of SCs as therapeutic platforms for activating physiological processes by autonomously producing biological drugs inside the body.


Assuntos
Células Artificiais , Animais , Colágeno Tipo IV/metabolismo , Células Endoteliais/metabolismo , Humanos , Camundongos , Neovascularização Patológica/metabolismo , Neovascularização Fisiológica
15.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 119(38): e2200252119, 2022 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36095212

RESUMO

In humans, the uterus undergoes a dramatic transformation to form an endometrial stroma-derived secretory tissue, termed decidua, during early pregnancy. The decidua secretes various factors that act in an autocrine/paracrine manner to promote stromal differentiation, facilitate maternal angiogenesis, and influence trophoblast differentiation and development, which are critical for the formation of a functional placenta. Here, we investigated the mechanisms by which decidual cells communicate with each other and with other cell types within the uterine milieu. We discovered that primary human endometrial stromal cells (HESCs) secrete extracellular vesicles (EVs) during decidualization and that this process is controlled by a conserved HIF2α-RAB27B pathway. Mass spectrometry revealed that the decidual EVs harbor a variety of protein cargo, including cell signaling molecules, growth modulators, metabolic regulators, and factors controlling endothelial cell expansion and remodeling. We tested the hypothesis that EVs secreted by the decidual cells mediate functional communications between various cell types within the uterus. We demonstrated that the internalization of EVs, specifically those carrying the glucose transporter 1 (GLUT1), promotes glucose uptake in recipient HESCs, supporting and advancing the decidualization program. Additionally, delivery of HESC-derived EVs into human endothelial cells stimulated their proliferation and led to enhanced vascular network formation. Strikingly, stromal EVs also promoted the differentiation of trophoblast stem cells into the extravillous trophoblast lineage. Collectively, these findings provide a deeper understanding of the pleiotropic roles played by EVs secreted by the decidual cells to ensure coordination of endometrial differentiation and angiogenesis with trophoblast function during the progressive phases of decidualization and placentation.


Assuntos
Vesículas Extracelulares , Trofoblastos , Decídua/metabolismo , Células Endoteliais , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez , Células Estromais/metabolismo , Trofoblastos/metabolismo , Útero/metabolismo
16.
J Control Release ; 351: 1-7, 2022 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36115555

RESUMO

Bioceramics, particularly calcium phosphates, bioactive glasses, and crystalline silicates, are a principal group of biomaterials employed for the regeneration of damaged tissues and therapeutic delivery. The development of ceramic tissue engineering scaffolds with an appropriate combination of mechanical and biological properties is still one of the key challenges in this field. In this regard, the deposition of polymeric coatings on the scaffolds is a simple and effective approach to reinforce their functions. Among different polymers, the influences of biodegradable aliphatic polyester coatings, especially polylactic acid (PLA) and poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA), over the performance of the scaffolds have been investigated in numerous research. This review paper provides a comprehensive comparison of PLA- and PLGA-coated bioceramic scaffolds which are mainly employed in bone tissue engineering. It is concluded that both the polymers enhance the mechanical behaviors of the scaffolds, but control their biodegradability, bioactivity, and delivery kinetics, where PLA acts almost more influentially than PLGA in comparison. However, the response of biocompatibility to this surface treatment is condition-dependent and requires case-by-case experiments to be determined accurately.

17.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 13: 942549, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36120443

RESUMO

Persistent chronic oxidative stress is a primary pathogenic characteristics of diabetic foot ulcers. Puffball spores are a traditional Chinese medicine used to treat diabetic foot ulcers infections and bedsores. However, their effects against diabetic wounds and the mechanism underlying these effects remain largely unknown. The present study explored the effectiveness of puffball spores in diabetic wound treatment and the mechanisms underlying their effects. Sprague-Dawley rats with streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetes were treated with puffball spores to ascertain whether they accelerated wound healing.Real-time quantitative PCR, western blotting, hematoxylin-eosin and Masson's trichrome staining, immunohistochemistry analysis, and immunofluorescence assays were performed. As indicated by wound and serum histology and biochemical analyses, the puffball spores accelerated wound healing by activating Akt/Nrf2 signaling and promoting the expression of its downstream antioxidant genes, markedly stimulating antioxidant activity and enhanceing angiogenesis and collagen deposition. Our findings showed that puffball spores could accelerate diabetic wound healing, enhance antioxidant ability, promote the expression of vascular markers, and suppress inflammation, thus providing a theoretical basis for the treatment of diabetic and refractory wounds.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Experimental , Pé Diabético , Animais , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Colágeno/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/complicações , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/terapia , Amarelo de Eosina-(YS)/farmacologia , Hematoxilina/farmacologia , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2 , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Esporos/metabolismo , Estreptozocina , Cicatrização
18.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 13: 909207, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36120455

RESUMO

Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is an important microvascular complication of type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) and a major cause of blindness. Retinal neovascularization plays a critical role in the proliferative DR. In this study, high glucose-induced connexin 43 (Cx43) expression in human retinal endothelial cells (hRECs) in a dose-dependent manner. Compared with hRECs under normal culture conditions, high-glucose (HG)-stimulated hRECs showed promoted tubule formation, increased ROS release, and elevated levels of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß), vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGFA), and intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1) in the culture medium. HG-induced alterations were further magnified after Cx43 overexpression, whereas partially eliminated after Cx43 knockdown. Finally, in the DR mouse model, impaired retinal structure, increased CD31 expression, and elevated mRNA levels of TNF-α, IL-1ß, VEGFA, and ICAM-1 were observed; in-vivo Cx43 knockdown partially reversed these phenomena. Conclusively, Cx43 knockdown could inhibit hREC angiogenesis, therefore improving DR in the mouse model.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Retinopatia Diabética , Neovascularização Retiniana , Animais , Conexina 43/genética , Conexina 43/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/metabolismo , Retinopatia Diabética/metabolismo , Células Endoteliais/metabolismo , Glucose/efeitos adversos , Glucose/metabolismo , Humanos , Molécula 1 de Adesão Intercelular/genética , Molécula 1 de Adesão Intercelular/metabolismo , Interleucina-1beta , Camundongos , Neovascularização Patológica/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Neovascularização Retiniana/genética , Neovascularização Retiniana/metabolismo , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo
19.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 13: 935391, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36120459

RESUMO

Angiogenesis is important for successful fracture repair. Aging negatively affects the number and activity of endothelial cells (ECs) and subsequently leads to impaired bone healing. We previously showed that implantation of lung-derived endothelial cells (LECs) improved fracture healing in rats. In this study, we characterized and compared neonatal lung and bone marrow-derived endothelial cells (neonatal LECs and neonatal BMECs) and further asses3sed if implantation of neonatal BMECs could enhance bone healing in both young and aged mice. We assessed neonatal EC tube formation, proliferation, and wound migration ability in vitro in ECs isolated from the bone marrow and lungs of neonatal mice. The in vitro studies demonstrated that both neonatal LECs and neonatal BMECs exhibited EC traits. To test the function of neonatal ECs in vivo, we created a femoral fracture in young and aged mice and implanted a collagen sponge to deliver neonatal BMECs at the fracture site. In the mouse fracture model, endochondral ossification was delayed in aged control mice compared to young controls. Neonatal BMECs significantly improved endochondral bone formation only in aged mice. These data suggest BMECs have potential to enhance aged bone healing. Compared to LECs, BMECs are more feasible for translational cell therapy and clinical applications in bone repair. Future studies are needed to examine the fate and function of BMECs implanted into the fracture sites.


Assuntos
Células Endoteliais , Fraturas Ósseas , Animais , Medula Óssea , Regeneração Óssea , Colágeno , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Pulmão , Camundongos , Ratos
20.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 221: 1428-1438, 2022 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36122781

RESUMO

Angiogenesis forms new vessels from existing ones. Abnormal angiogenesis, which is what gives tumor microenvironments their distinctive features, is characterised by convoluted, permeable blood vessels with a variety of shapes and high perfusion efficiency. Tumor angiogenesis controls cancer growth by allowing invasion and metastasis and is highly controlled by signalling networks. Therapeutic techniques targeting VEGF, PDGF, FGF Notch, Angiopoietin, and HGF signalling restrict the tumor's vascular supply. Numerous pathways regulate angiogenesis, and when one of those processes is blocked, the other pathways may step in to help. VEGF signalling inhibition alone has limits as an antiangiogenic therapy, and additional angiogenic pathways such as FGF, PDGF, Notch, angiopoietin, and HGF are important. For the treatment of advanced solid tumors, there are also new, emerging medicines that target multiple angiogenic pathways. Recent therapies block numerous signalling channels concurrently. This study focuses on 'alternative' methods to standard antiangiogenic medicines, such as cyclooxygenase-2 blocking, oligonucleotide binding complementary sites to noncoding RNAs to regulate mRNA target, matrix metalloproteinase inhibition and CRISPR/Cas9 based gene edition and dissecting alternative angiogenesis mechanism in tumor microenvironment.

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