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2.
Stroke ; 53(7): 2152-2160, 2022 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35759545

RESUMO

Optimal antithrombotic management after intracerebral hemorrhage remains one of the central unresolved issues for patients who survive, especially for those patients with atrial fibrillation. Given the observational nature of the studies regarding anticoagulation resumption after intracerebral hemorrhage, there is uncertainty regarding resumption of oral anticoagulation therapy and its timing. There is limited high-quality evidence to guide clinical practice, leading to significant practice variation and uncertainty for patients and providers. Here, we aim to provide the key elements to guide clinicians in their individual decision: whether or not to start or resume anticoagulation in patients with a history of intracerebral hemorrhage.

3.
Clin Chem ; 2022 Jun 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35762561

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Growth differentiation factor 15 (GDF-15) is a stress-responsive biomarker associated with several types of cardiovascular diseases. However, conflicting results have been reported regarding its association with incident atrial fibrillation (AF) in the general population. METHODS: In 10 234 White and Black Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study participants (mean age 60 years, 20.5% Blacks) free of AF at baseline (1993 to 1995), we quantified the association of GDF-15 with incident AF using Cox regression models. GDF-15 concentration was measured by an aptamer-based proteomic method. AF was defined as AF diagnosis by electrocardiogram at subsequent ARIC visits or AF diagnosis in hospitalization records or death certificates. Harrell's c-statistic and categorical net reclassification improvement were computed for risk discrimination and reclassification. RESULTS: There were 2217 cases of incident AF over a median follow-up of 20.6 years (incidence rate 12.3 cases/1000 person-years). After adjusting for potential confounders, GDF-15 was independently associated with incident AF, with a hazard ratio (HR) of 1.42 (95% CI, 1.24-1.62) for the top vs bottom quartile. The result remained consistent (HR 1.23 [95% CI, 1.07-1.41]) even after further adjusting for 2 cardiac biomarkers, cardiac troponin T and natriuretic peptide. The results were largely consistent across demographic subgroups. The addition of GDF-15 modestly improved the c-statistic by 0.003 (95% CI, 0.001-0.006) beyond known risk factors of AF. CONCLUSIONS: In this community-based biracial cohort, higher concentrations of GDF-15 were independently associated with incident AF, supporting its potential value as a clinical marker of AF risk.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35763115

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Fluoroscopy is commonly used during atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation to guide catheter navigation and placement. Technology improvements have significantly reduced fluoroscopy time, and subsequent radiation dose, necessary to perform successful ablations. However, there is still no amount of radiation exposure known to be completely safe. The aim of this manuscript is to describe a detailed zero-fluoroscopy RHYTHMIA HDx workflow for AF ablation. METHODS: This was an observational, single-center experience to describe the technique, acute procedural success, and safety using a novel zero-fluoroscopy workflow with the RHYTHMIA HDx mapping system and intracardiac echocardiography (ICE). Seventy-two consecutive patients undergoing de novo or redo AF ablation were retrospectively analyzed. Venous access was guided with ultrasound. ICE combined with the mapping system's magnetic tracking and sheath detection was used for precise catheter placement in the coronary sinus, at the transseptal puncture, and in the left atrium. A high-power, short-duration ablation strategy guided by local impedance was used. Pulmonary vein isolation was performed or touched up for all patients with additional lines added at the operator's discretion. RESULTS: Using this zero-fluoroscopy workflow, all patients achieved acute isolation with no significant procedure-related complications. Average procedure time was 73.7 ± 16.2 min, which included persistent (58%) and paroxysmal (42%) AF cases, and no procedures required conversion to fluoroscopy. CONCLUSIONS: In this experience, a zero-fluoroscopy workflow using the RHYTHMIA HDx mapping system combined with ICE was feasible and safe for ablation in a heterogenous AF population. This approach, in the appropriate patient population, can eliminate radiation exposure to patients and staff.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35763193

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is an irregular heart rhythm which is becoming more and more common in this new era. Obesity is a risk factor for cardiovascular events, and obese patients are more at risk for stroke. The Framingham Heart Study demonstrated an increase in the developmental risk of AF by 4% for every unit (kg/m2) increase in body mass index (BMI). An anticoagulant is often required for the management of such patients. In this analysis, we aimed to systematically compare the clinical outcomes which were associated with rivaroxaban versus warfarin for the treatment of obese patients with non-valvular AF. METHODS: PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, http://www. CLINICALTRIALS: gov , Google Scholar, and Cochrane Central were the searched databases. Clinical outcomes including stroke, systemic embolism, and major bleeding were the endpoints. In this study, dichotomous data were analyzed by the RevMan software version 5.4. Risk ratio (RR) with 95% confidence interval (CI) was used for result interpretation. RESULTS: Ten studies consisting of a total number of 168,081 obese participants were included whereby 81,332 participants were treated with rivaroxaban and 86,749 participants were treated with warfarin. The risks of ischemic (RR: 0.79, 95% CI: 0.74-0.84; P = 0.00001) and hemorrhagic stroke (RR: 0.61, 95% CI: 0.48-0.76; P = 0.0001) as well as systemic embolism (RR: 0.73, 95% CI: 0.62-0.87; P = 0.0004) were significantly lower with rivaroxaban compared to warfarin for the management of these obese patients with non-valvular AF. Rivaroxaban was also associated with a significantly lower risk of major bleeding (RR: 0.75, 95% CI: 0.65-0.87; P = 0.0001). CONCLUSION: Based on this analysis, rivaroxaban seemed to be a better option in comparison to warfarin, due to its association with significantly lower risks of stroke and bleeding outcomes in obese patients with non-valvular AF. However, this hypothesis should further be confirmed in larger clinical trials.

6.
Circ Arrhythm Electrophysiol ; : 101161CIRCEP121010661, 2022 Jun 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35763432

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pulsed-field ablation (PFA) is a tissue-selective, nonthermal cardiac ablation modality. A novel PFA ablation system consisted of a multichannel irreversible electroporation generator system and a multielectrode circular irreversible electroporation catheter has been developed for catheter ablation. To understand the progression and immediate impacts of PFA, this study evaluated the subchronic (7±3 day) and chronic (30±3 day) safety and performance of the novel PFA system when simulating pulmonary vein and superior vena cava isolation in a porcine beating heart model. METHODS: Ten swine models were divided into subchronic (n=6) and chronic cohorts (n=4). Lesions were performed within the right and left atrium to conduct right pulmonary veins and superior vena cava isolations, in addition to creating stacked lesions in the left atrium roof and right atrium posterior wall. RESULTS: Acute pulmonary vein and superior vena cava isolation were achieved in 10 out of 10 swine and demonstrated 100% lesion durability in both cohorts, including sustained elimination of electrical activity at the left atrium roof and right atrium posterior wall. Histology demonstrated that all the cardiac sites ablated showed discrete zones of loss of myocardial fibers or smooth muscle cells with preservation of the tissue architecture with resultant fibrocellular replacement, neovascularization, and neocollagen deposition. Mineralization findings were present in association with residual necrotic muscle fibers. Only in 7 days group, areas of mineralization were frequently associated with inflammation. There were no treatment-related changes in other tissues, including complete sparing of the phrenic nerve. CONCLUSIONS: Pulsed-field ablation for pulmonary vein and superior vena cava isolation with the novel PFA system was feasible, safe with myocardial-specific ablative effect. Durable lesions were observed at the target areas. with inflammation phenomena mainly documented at 7 days.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35682443

RESUMO

A community-based opportunistic screening program was implemented to (i) improve atrial fibrillation (AF) awareness and detection and (ii) assess the performance of the Microlife WatchBP Home A for detecting AF when used in community screening. Screening sessions were conducted among people aged ≥ 65 years with no history of AF at public events across Tasmania, Australia. Participants with positive screening results were referred to their general medical practitioner for assessment. The device's performance was assessed using the positive predictive value. A total of 1704 eligible participants were screened at 79 sessions. Of these people, 50 (2.9%) had a positive screening result. The device correctly identified AF in 22 (46.8%) participants with positive results. Among those with subsequently confirmed AF, 6 (27.3%) had a history of AF but were not aware of the diagnosis, and 16 (72.7%) were identified to have previously undiagnosed AF, with an overall prevalence of 0.9% (95% CI, 0.58 to 1.52). Oral anticoagulation therapy was initiated in 12 (87.5%) eligible participants. The positive predictive value of the device was 46.8% (95% CI, 33.3 to 60.7). Given the relatively low performance of the device, its application in community-based opportunistic screening programs for AF is unlikely to be cost-effective.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Fibrilação Atrial/diagnóstico , Fibrilação Atrial/epidemiologia , Diagnóstico Precoce , Eletrocardiografia , Humanos , Programas de Rastreamento/métodos , Valor Preditivo dos Testes
8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35760278

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Healthy young athletes adapt to the increased demands of endurance exercise with symmetric cardiac remodeling. Male veteran endurance athletes have an increased risk of atrial fibrillation (AF), and some athletes seem susceptible to changes mimicking arrhythmogenic cardiomyopathy. Intense exercise puts a disproportionate hemodynamic load on the right-sided heart chambers. Despite this, data describing right heart structure and function in older veteran athletes are scarce. We aimed to investigate structural and functional characteristics of the right heart in veteran athletes with and without AF to contribute to the understanding of exercise-induced cardiac remodeling in this group. METHODS: Three hundred and two male participants, of whom 151 were veteran skiers (62 with paroxysmal AF) and 151 were controls from the general population (62 with paroxysmal AF) underwent an echocardiographic examination in sinus rhythm to evaluate right atrial (RA) and right ventricular (RV) structure and function. While 87 of the participants had never exercised regularly, 50, 43, and 122 men had practiced regular endurance exercise for 1-20, 20-40, and >40 years, respectively. RESULTS: RA volume and RV size increased with cumulative years of exercise (p<0.001), with a disproportionate increase in RV size compared with left ventricular (LV) size, regardless of AF status (p<0.001). RA and RV function assessed by strain remained similar despite lifelong exposure to endurance exercise. AF was associated with reduced RA strain irrespective of exposure to exercise (p<0.001). CONCLUSION: RA and RV size and RV/LV ratio showed a dose-response relationship with cumulative years of endurance exercise, whereas RA and RV function did not. Indicating that increasing RV/LV ratio may represent a physiological adaptation to prolonged endurance exercise. AF was associated with reduced RA function, regardless of exposure to exercise, suggesting RA functional parameters are more closely linked to AF than RA size in veteran athletes.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35761754

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Arrhythmia recurrence after pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) is common and often linked to pulmonary vein reconnection. In patients with arrhythmia recurrences despite durable PVI the optimal ablation approach is unclear. The purpose of the present study was to analyze efficacy of extended ablation maneuvers in these patients and predictors of procedural success. METHODS: Consecutive patients with durable PVI undergoing repeat ablation procedures were prospectively enrolled. Patients underwent substrate modification with creation of linear lesions and/or mechanism-specific atrial tachycardia (AT) ablation. 3D-mapping images were analyzed for the presence of left atrial (LA) low-voltage areas according to published scoring systems. RESULTS: Seventy-four patients were analyzed. Mode of recurrence after durable PVI was AF in 27 patients (36.5%) and AT in 47 patients (63.5%). Linear lesion ablation was performed in 60 patients (81.1%). Twenty-four patients (32.4%) were treated for focal AT mechanisms. Mean follow-up was 565±342 days. Estimated arrhythmia-free survival after 24 months was significantly higher in patients with AT than in patients with AF as mode of recurrence after durable PVI (42.9±8.2% vs. 24.7±8.5%, p=0.023) and in patients without compared to patients with marked LA low-voltage areas (40.5±9.2% vs. 22.8±8.5%, p=0.041). The mode of recurrence after durable PVI was the only independent predictor of further arrhythmia recurrence after repeat ablation. CONCLUSION: Arrhythmia-free survival following repeat ablation procedures in patients with durable PVI highly depends on mode of arrhythmia recurrence and the presence of LA low-voltage areas. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

10.
Int J Gen Med ; 15: 5717-5728, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35761895

RESUMO

Background: The "obesity paradox" has not been elucidated in the long-term outcomes in acute myocardial infarction (AMI) patients. This study sought to characterize the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and the risk of new-onset atrial fibrillation (NOAF). Methods: A total of 4282 participants free from AF at baseline were identified at Beijing Friendship Hospital. Baseline body mass index (BMI) was categorized into four groups. Incidence of NOAF was observed at the follow-up visits. The associations between different BMI categories and the incidence of NOAF were assessed by multivariate Cox regression analysis. Results: Over a median follow-up period of 42.0 months, 4282 participants (age 62.7 ± 6.6 years, 38.7% women) were enrolled, 23.0% were BMI <23.0kg/m2, 22.5% were 23.0-24.9 kg/m2, 44.3% were 25.0-29.9 kg/m2 and 10.2% were ≥30.0 kg/m2. Compared with patients with the lowest BMI levels, those with BMI≥30 kg/m2 showed a younger, higher inflammatory response and a larger left atrium and were more likely to be combined with traditional cardiovascular risk factors. After adjustment for confounding variables, compared to BMI ≥30 kg/m2 group, patients with lower BMI (<23 kg/m2) significantly increased the risk of NOAF in AMI patients (HR 2.884, 95% CI 1.302-6.392). Moreover, the all-cause mortality and cardiac mortality in BMI <23.0kg/m2 group was apparently higher than that in BMI≥30 kg/m2 group after a long-term follow-up. Conclusion: In this AMI cohort study, the present finding of an inverse association between BMI and risk of NOAF supports the "obesity paradox". Decreasing BMI was associated with an increased risk of NOAF. Trial Registration: Prospective registered.

11.
Cureus ; 14(5): e25356, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35761924

RESUMO

Background and objective Atrial fibrillation (AFib) is the most common supraventricular arrhythmia occurring after myocardial infarction (MI). Height, body weight, waist and hip circumference, and body mass index (BMI) are considered potential risk factors for the development of AFib. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of BMI and waist circumference on the incidence of AFib in patients with acute MI. Methods This prospective, cross-sectional, observational study was conducted in the coronary intensive care unit (CICU) of a tertiary care university hospital between July 2014 and February 2016. Patients diagnosed with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) or non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) were included. Demographic, clinical, echocardiographic, and laboratory data, past medical history, and anthropometric measurements were recorded. Continuous electrocardiography (ECG) monitoring was performed for following up on the occurrence of AFib. Then, AFib predictors were identified using multiple regression analysis. Results AFib developed in 31 (9.3%) patients in the cohort. No significant difference was observed between patients with or without AFib in terms of BMI and waist circumference values (p=0.686 vs. p=0.728, respectively). Factors associated with AFib development as per the multivariate analyses included age (OR: 1.051, 95% CI: 1.013-1.09; p=0.008), pulse rate (OR: 1.043, 95% CI: 1.018-1.069; p=0.001), peak troponin T value (OR: 1.356, 95% CI: 1.135-1.619; p=0.001), and length of CICU stay (OR: 2.247, 95% CI: 1.163-4.340; p=0.016). Conclusion BMI and waist circumference measurements were similar in patients with and without AFib during acute MI. Age, pulse rate, peak troponin T, and duration of CICU stay were identified as independent predictors of AFib development.

12.
Med Clin (Engl Ed) ; 158(12): 569-575, 2022 Jun 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35761979

RESUMO

Introduction and purpose: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is common in patients admitted with severe COVID-19. However, there is limited data about the management of chronic anticoagulation therapy in these patients. We assessed the anticoagulation and incidence of major cardiovascular events in hospitalized patients with AF and COVID-19. Methods: We retrospectively investigated all consecutive patients with AF admitted with COVID-19 between March and May 2020 in 9 Spanish hospitals. We selected a control group of non-AF patients consecutively admitted with COVID-19. We compared baseline characteristics, incidence of major bleeding, thrombotic events and mortality. We used propensity score matching (PSM) to minimize potential confounding variables, as well as a multivariate analysis to predict major bleeding and death. Results: 305 patients admitted with AF and COVID-19 were included. After PSM, 151 AF patients were matched with 151 control group patients. During admission, low-molecular-weight heparin was the principal anticoagulant and the incidence of major bleeding and mortality were higher in the AF group [16 (10.6%) vs 3 (2%), p = 0.003; 52 (34.4%) vs 35 (23.2%), p = 0.03, respectively]. The multivariate analysis showed the presence of AF as independent predictor of in-hospital major bleeding and mortality in COVID-19 patients. In AF group, a secondary multivariate analysis identified high levels of D-dimer as independent predictor of in-hospital major bleeding. Conclusions: AF patients admitted with COVID-19 represent a population at high risk for bleeding and mortality during admission. It seems advisable to individualize anticoagulation therapy during admission, considering patient specific bleeding and thrombotic risk.


Antecedentes y objetivos: La fibrilación auricular (FA) es frecuente en pacientes ingresados por COVID-19 grave. Sin embargo, los datos sobre el manejo de la anticoagulación crónica en estos pacientes son escasos. Analizamos la anticoagulación y la incidencia de episodios cardiovasculares mayores en pacientes con FA ingresados por la COVID-19. Métodos: Retrospectivamente, se identificaron todos los pacientes con FA ingresados por la COVID-19 entre marzo y mayo de 2020, en 9 hospitales españoles. Se seleccionó un grupo control de pacientes ingresados consecutivamente por la COVID-19 sin FA. Se compararon las características basales, incidencia de hemorragias mayores, episodios trombóticos y mortalidad. Para reducir potenciales factores de confusión se realizó un emparejamiento por puntuación de propensión, así como un análisis multivariante para predecir hemorragia mayor y mortalidad. Resultados: Se incluyeron 305 pacientes con FA ingresados por la COVID-19. Tras el emparejamiento por puntuación de propensión, 151 pacientes con FA fueron emparejados con 151 controles. Durante el ingreso, la heparina de bajo peso molecular fue el principal anticoagulante y la incidencia de hemorragia mayor y mortalidad fue mayor en el grupo de FA (16[10,6%] vs. 3[2%], p = 0,003; 52[34,4%] vs. 35[23,2%], p = 0,03, respectivamente). El análisis multivariante demostró la presencia de FA como predictor independiente de sangrados y mortalidad intrahospitalaria en los pacientes con la COVID-19. En el grupo de FA, un segundo análisis multivariante identificó valores elevados de dímero-D como predictor independiente de hemorragia mayor intrahospitalaria. Conclusiones: Los pacientes con FA ingresados por la COVID-19 representan una población de alto riesgo de sangrado y mortalidad durante el ingreso. Parece recomendable individualizar la anticoagulación durante el ingreso, considerando el riesgo específico de sangrado y trombosis.

13.
Cardiol J ; 2022 Jun 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35762070

RESUMO

Heart failure (HF) and atrial fibrillation (AF) are two cardiovascular (CV) entities that affect millions of individuals worldwide and their prevalence is translated into a significant impact on health care systems. The common pathophysiological pathways that these two share have created an important clinical interrelation, as the coexistence of HF and AF is associated with worse prognosis and treatment challenges. Renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS), a critical mechanism in blood pressure (BP) control, was proved to be involved in the pathogenesis of both conditions contributing to their further coexistence. Successful control of BP is of great importance to the management of HF, crucial for the prevention of arrhythmiogenic substrates, while RAAS antagonists may possibly affect the development of new-onset AF as well. There are numerous studies that evaluated the effectiveness of RAAS blockade in AF/HF population and despite comparable or modest results, there is a well-established suggestion that RAAS blockers may contribute to a reduction of HF, CV events and recurrence of AF, along with their potential effective role in the new-onset AF prophylaxis. Angiotensin receptor blockers, according to the evidence, are more effective in that direction, followed by angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors, whereas the data on aldosterone antagonists are not encouraging, yet do have the potential of significant CV disease modificators regardless of their effects on BP.

14.
Cardiol J ; 2022 Jun 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35762071

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Contact force (CF)-sensing catheters are commonly used in the field of radiofrequency (RF) ablation to treat atrial fibrillation (AF). Increasing ablation power (e.g., 50 W) has been suggested as a method to reduce procedure times whilst creating safe and lasting lesions. METHODS: We report the first clinical evidence of a 50 W point-by-point RF ablation in 25 consecutive patients with symptomatic AF using a novel CF-sensing catheter with a gold tip (AlCath Force eXtra Gold, Biotronik). We collected and analyzed procedural and ablation parameters. The safety and efficacy of the catheter were evaluated. RESULTS: Altogether, 985 RF lesions in 25 patients were created with a mean number of 39.4 ± 16.3 lesions per patient. The total skin-to-skin procedure time was 116.1 ± 35.1 min, and the mean total area dose product was 10.9 ± 5.1 Gy*cm². The mean RF time per procedure was 13.2 ± 6.6 min. The mean RF time per lesion was 20.2 ± 8.4 s. The mean CF was 15.7 ± 7.6 g. We observed a mean force time integral (FTI) of 274.7 ± 11.1 gs (range: 53 to 496 gs). Acute procedural success, defined as entrance and exit block in all pulmonary veins, could be obtained in all cases. No procedure- or device-related serious adverse events were observed. No audible steam pops occurred. Optical inspection of the catheter after the procedure showed neither charring nor clotting. CONCLUSIONS: We provide the first evidence for the safety and efficacy of 50 W ablation using the AlCath Force gold-tip catheter. These data must be supported by a larger multi-center study.

15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35695792

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a growing health problem and is associated with increased risk of stroke. The Cox-Maze surgical procedure has offered the highest success rate, but utilization of this technique is low due to procedure invasiveness and complexity. Advances in catheter ablation and minimally invasive surgical techniques offer new options for AF treatment. METHODS: In this review, we describe current trends and outcomes of minimally invasive treatment of persistent and long-standing persistent AF. RESULTS: Treatment of persistent and long-standing persistent AF can be successfully treated using a team approach combining cardiac surgery and electrophysiology procedures. With this approach, the 1-year freedom from AF off antiarrhythmic drugs was 85%. DISCUSSION: There are a variety of techniques and approaches used around the world as technology evolves to help develop new treatment strategies for AF. Our report will focus on a hybrid treatment approach using surgical and electrophysiology approaches providing enhanced treatment options by replicating Cox-Maze IV lesions using skills from each specialty. Closure of the left atrial appendage as part of these procedures enhances protection from late stroke. A team approach provides a cohesive evaluation, treatment, and monitoring plan for patients. Development of successful, less invasive treatment options will help address the growing population of patients with AF.

16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35695795

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The notion that medically-refractory arrhythmias might one day be amenable to interventional therapy slowly began to appear in the early 1960's. At that time, there were no "interventional electrophysiologists" or "arrhythmia surgeons" and there was little appreciation of the relationship between anatomy and electrophysiology outside the heart's specialized conduction system. METHODS: In this review, we describe the evolution of collaboration between electrophysiologists and surgeons. RESULTS: Although accessory atrio-ventricular (AV) connections were first identified in 1893 and the Wolff-Parkinson-White (WPW) syndrome was described 37 years later (1930), it was another 37 years (1967) before those anatomic AV connections were proven to be responsible for the clinical syndrome. The success of the subsequent surgical procedures for the WPW syndrome, AV node reentry tachycardia, automatic atrial tachycardias, ischemic and non-ischemic ventricular tachycardias and atrial fibrillation over the next two decades depended on a close, sometimes daily, collaboration between electrophysiologists and surgeons. In the past two decades, that tight collaboration was largely abandoned until the recent introduction of "hybrid procedures" for the treatment of atrial fibrillation. CONCLUSIONS: A retrospective assessment of the 50 years of interventional therapy for arrhythmias clearly demonstrates the clinical benefits of a close collaboration between electrophysiologists and arrhythmia surgeons, regardless of which one is actually performing the intervention.

17.
J Infect Public Health ; 15(7): 766-772, 2022 Jun 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35724437

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cardiac arrhythmias, mainly atrial fibrillation (AF), is frequently reported in COVID-19 patients, more often in Intensive Care Unit (ICU) patients, yet causality has not been virtually explored. Moreover, non-Covid ICU patients frequently present AF, sepsis being the major trigger. We aimed to examine whether sepsis or other factors-apart from Covid-19 myocardial involvement-contribute to elicit New Onset AF (NOAF) in intubated ICU patients. METHODS: Consecutive intubated, Covid-19ARDS patients, were prospectively studied for factors triggering NOAF. Demographics, data on Covid-19 infection duration, laboratory findings (troponin as well), severity of illness and ARDS were compared between NOAF and control group (no AF) on admission. In NOAF patients, echocardiographic findings, laboratory and secondary infection data on the AF day were compared to the preceding days and/or ICU admission data. RESULTS: Among 105 patients screened, 79 were eligible; nineteen presented NOAF (24%). Baseline characteristics did not differ between the NOAF and control groups. Troponin levels were mildly elevated upon ICU admission in both groups. Left ventricular global longitudinal strain was impaired (<16.5%) in 63% vs 78% in the two groups, respectively. The right ventricle was mildly dilated, and pericardial effusion was present in 52 vs 43%, respectively. NOAF occurred on the 18 ± 4.8 days from Covid-19 symptoms' onset, and the 8.5 ± 2.1 ICUday. A septic secondary infection episode occurred in 89.5% of the patients in the NOAF group ( vs 41.6% in the control group (p < 0.001). In fact, NOAF occurred concurrently with a secondary septic episode in 84.2% of the patients. Sepsis presence was the only factor associated to NOAF occurrence (OR 16.63, p = 0.002). Noradrenaline, lactate and inflammation biomarkers gradually increased in the days before AF (all p < 0.05). Echocardiographic findings did not change on NOAF occurrence. CONCLUSION: Secondary infections seem to be major contributors for NOAF occurrence in Covid-19 patients, probably playing the role of the "second hit" in an affected myocardium from Covid-19.

18.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 11(12): e024045, 2022 Jun 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35699164

RESUMO

Background Improved prediction of atrial fibrillation (AF) may allow for earlier interventions for stroke prevention, as well as mortality and morbidity from other AF-related complications. We developed a clinically feasible and accurate AF prediction model using electronic health records and computerized ECG interpretation. Methods and Results A total of 671 318 patients were screened from 3 tertiary hospitals. After careful exclusion of cases with missing values and a prior AF diagnosis, AF prediction models were developed from the derivation cohort of 25 584 patients without AF at baseline. In the internal/external validation cohort of 117 523 patients, the model using 6 clinical features and 5 ECG diagnoses showed the highest performance for 3-year new-onset AF prediction (C-statistic, 0.796 [95% CI, 0.785-0.806]). A more simplified model using age, sex, and 5 ECG diagnoses (atrioventricular block, fusion beats, marked sinus arrhythmia, supraventricular premature complex, and wide QRS complex) had comparable predictive power (C-statistic, 0.777 [95% CI, 0.766-0.788]). The simplified model showed a similar or better predictive performance than the previous models. In the subgroup analysis, the models performed relatively better in patients without risk factors. Specifically, the predictive power was lower in patients with heart failure or decreased renal function. Conclusions Although the 3-year AF prediction model using both clinical and ECG variables showed the highest performance, the simplified model using age, sex, and 5 ECG diagnoses also had a comparable prediction power with broad applicability for incident AF.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial , Eletrocardiografia , Registros Eletrônicos de Saúde , Humanos , Incidência , Medição de Risco/métodos , Fatores de Risco
19.
Eur J Clin Invest ; : e13825, 2022 Jun 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35700114

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The 4S-AF classification scheme comprises of four domains (stroke risk [St], symptoms [Sy], severity of atrial fibrillation (AF) burden [Sb] and substrate [Su]), which has been recommended in the 2020 ESC guidelines to characterize and evaluate patients with AF. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to determine whether the 4S-AF scheme would be useful for AF characterization and provides prognostic information in a large contemporary prospective Asian registry conducted by the Asia Pacific Heart Rhythm Society (APHRS). METHODS: Among 4666 patients enrolled in APHRS registry, 3586 of them whose data about left atrial (LA) dimension and European Heart Rhythm Association (EHRA) symptom score were available have constituted as the study population. The 4S-AF score was calculated as the sum of each domain with a maximum score of 9. The clinical endpoint was defined as the 1-year composite risk of any thromboembolic event, ischaemic stroke, heart failure, acute coronary syndrome, significant coronary artery disease requiring coronary intervention and all-cause mortality. RESULTS: Based on the 4S-AF domains, 86.7% were 'non-low risk' for stroke; 94.3% had EHRA Class I-II, 48.5% were newly diagnosed or paroxysmal AF; and only 8.4% had no cardiovascular risk factors or LA enlargement. The risk of clinical events was higher in patients who were 'non-low risk' for stroke (aOR 2.175, 95% CI 1.060-4.461), with permanent AF (aOR 1.579, 95% CI 1.106-2.225) and increasing points for substrate (aORs 2.376-4.968 from score 2 to 4). When compared to the first tertile of 4S-AF score (0-3 points), patients in the second tertile (4-5 points) had approximately 2.5-fold increase in adverse events (OR 2.478, 95% CI 1.678-3.661, p < .001), while those in the third tertile (6-9 points), had a 3.5-fold increase (OR 3.484, 95% CI 2.322-5.226, p < .001), both without significant differences between the 5 participating countries (p for interaction > .05). If all 4S-AF domains were appropriately treated, this was associated with a lower risk of composite clinical outcomes (aOR 0.384, p < .001; p for interaction for different countries = .234). CONCLUSIONS: Categorization according to the 4S-AF scheme can be related to the risk of the composite adverse event rate in Asian AF patients, and appropriate treatments based on the 4S-AF scheme resulted in better clinical outcomes. These observations support the characterization and management according to the 4S-AF scheme in Asian patients.

20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35711035
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