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1.
LGBT Health ; 2022 Aug 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35947865

RESUMO

Purpose: The study purpose was to (1) identify latent classes of substance use behaviors among a sample of sexual and gender minority (SGM) adults living in a predominantly rural midwestern state and (2) determine the association between SGM-related discrimination and the empirically derived substance use classes. Methods: We conducted a latent class analysis on 494 responses to a state-wide survey, followed by a multinomial logistic regression to test predictors of class membership, including distal experiences of discrimination and sociodemographic variables. Results: A three-class model fit best and included (1) polysubstance use, (2) binge drinking, and (3) no/low use classes. In the adjusted model, polysubstance class membership was positively associated with cisgender male identity and negatively associated with being 60 years of age or older and college educated. Binge drinking class membership was negatively associated with bisexual/pansexual identity and non-White race/ethnicity. In contrast to hypothesized outcomes guided by the Minority Stress Model, experiences of discrimination were not associated with membership in substance-using classes. Likewise, bisexual/pansexual individuals were not more likely to be members of polysubstance use or binge drinking classes, despite published reports of greater risk of substance use. Conclusion: These contradictions warrant intersectional approaches to advance substance use research, which may provide important evidence for targeted prevention/treatment interventions, particularly among polysubstance users.

2.
Alcohol ; 2022 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35926812

RESUMO

Excessive ethanol ingestion can reduce skeletal muscle protein synthesis (MPS) through the disruption of signaling along the Akt-mTOR pathway and increase muscle protein degradation (MPD) through the Ubiquitin Proteasome Pathway (UPP) and autophagy. Identification of interventions that curb the disrupting effects of alcohol misuse on MPS and MPD are of central importance for the prevention of chronic health complications that arise from muscle loss. Physical activity is one potential strategy to combat the deleterious effects of alcohol on skeletal muscle. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate the interaction between daily wheel running and binge-patterned ethanol consumption, through episodes of voluntary binge-patterned ethanol drinking, on signaling factors along the Akt-mTOR, Ubiquitin-Proteasome, and autophagy pathways. Adult female C57BL/6J mice received daily access to cages with or without running wheels for 2.5 hours/day for five weeks. During the final five days of the study, mice received 2-4 hours of daily access to sipper tubes containing water (n=14 sedentary; n=15 running) or 20% ethanol (n=14 sedentary; n=16 running) 30 minutes after running wheel access, using the "Drinking in the Dark" (DID) model of binge-patterned ethanol consumption. Immediately after the final episode of DID gastrocnemius muscle was extracted. Western blotting was performed to measure proteins along Akt-mTOR, Ubiquitin-Proteasome, and autophagy pathways, and PCR was used to assess mRNA expression of atrogenes. Ethanol access increased expression of MAFbx by 82% (P=0.048) but did not robustly influence Akt-mTOR or UPP signaling. Daily wheel access did not prevent alcohol induced MAFbx expression, however, ethanol access decreased the phosphorylation of p70S6K by 45% in running mice (P=0.020). These results suggest that physical activity may be insufficient to prevent alcohol-induced changes to signaling factors along pathways involved in muscle loss. Instead, binge-patterned ethanol ingestion may impair the benefits of physical activity on factors involved in MPS.

3.
Alcohol ; 2022 Aug 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35934163

RESUMO

The aging United States population, which includes the large Baby Boomer generation, is leading to an increasing number of middle-aged and older adults who engage in psychoactive substance use. There has been a sharp increase in prevalence of past-month cannabis use among adults aged ≥50; however, little is understood about recent trends in the use of both cannabis and excess alcohol use, such as binge drinking, in this population. The current use of both alcohol and cannabis has important health implications for older adults given higher prevalence of chronic diseases and prescribed medications. This study aimed to 1) estimate national trends among older adults who report both past-month binge drinking and cannabis use, and 2) estimate correlates of reporting both. We examined aggregated data from a nationally representative sample of noninstitutionalized adults aged ≥50 from the 2015 to 2019 National Survey on Drug Use and Health. During the study period, there was an estimated 2.5% increase (a 64.1% relative increase) in past-month cannabis use (linear trend p<0.001), a non-significant decrease in past-month binge drinking, and a 0.5% estimated increase in both past-month cannabis use and binge drinking (a 26.3% relative increase) (p=0.03). The sharpest increase in both past-month cannabis use and binge drinking was among adults aged ≥65 with the estimated prevalence increasing from 0.2% in 2015 to 1.1% in 2019 (a 450% relative increase, p<0.001). Those engaging in past-month binge drinking and cannabis use were more likely to be younger, male, non-Hispanic Black, use tobacco, and report past-year mental health treatment. Results suggest that the prevalence of both past-month cannabis use and binge drinking among middle-aged and older adults increased between 2015 and 2019, especially among adults aged ≥65, which indicates an increased need to screen for both excess alcohol and cannabis use to minimize potential harm.

4.
Addict Behav ; 135: 107432, 2022 Jul 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35939962

RESUMO

Problematic alcohol consumption represents a critical risk to young adults' mental and physical health (WHO, 2018). As a result, understanding negative consequences that stem from young adults' binge drinking and inter-related factors that may mitigate increases in binge drinking has much to offer scholars and practitioners. In the current study, a two-wave random intercept cross-lagged panel design was used to examine the reciprocal inter-relations among stress, anticipated regret, and binge drinking within a lab-based study of young adults (N = 109, Mage = 19.85). Within-person findings indicated that high life stress and low anticipated regret predicted subsequent increases in binge drinking three months later, accounting for between-person stability in these constructs. All told, findings point to life stress as a robust predictor of increased binge drinking, and anticipated regret as a protective factor associated with reductions in binge drinking among young adults. Given that anticipated regret signalled subsequent drinking reductions, future research should consider ways to foreground anticipation of regret as a protective factor mitigating binge drinking increases.

5.
Subst Use Misuse ; : 1-10, 2022 Aug 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35946172

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Past evidence suggests obesity co-occurs with tobacco/nicotine, cannabis, and alcohol use in young adulthood, but whether this relationship extends to nicotine or cannabis vaping is unclear. Furthermore, differential relationships between substance use and specific weight status categories (obesity, overweight, and underweight) have not been assessed. This study assessed prevalence of tobacco/nicotine, cannabis, and alcohol use by weight status categories in young adulthood. METHODS: Of the 1322 young adults (18-29 years; 20.5 ± 2.3 years; 63% female; 42% Hispanic/Latino/a/x, 30% Asian-American/Asian, 18% Caucasian/White, 7% Multiracial, and 2% African-American/Black) from a public, urban university were surveyed on their health-risk behaviors in the spring and fall of 2021. RESULTS: Multinomial logistic regression models assessed six-month follow-up substance use prevalence (never, lifetime but no past 30-d use, and past 30-d use) by baseline weight status (obese, overweight, underweight; reference: healthy weight). Obesity predicted lower odds of past 30-d nicotine vaping (aOR [95% CI] = 0.27 [0.08-0.92]). Overweight predicted higher odds of lifetime combustible cannabis (aOR [95% CI] = 1.58 [1.08-2.30]) and past 30-d binge drinking (aOR [95% CI] = 1.79 [1.12-2.85]). Underweight was associated with lower odds of lifetime cannabis vaping (aOR [95% CI] = 0.35 [0.12-0.99]) and combustible cannabis (aOR [95% CI] = 0.38 [0.16-0.87]). CONCLUSIONS: Differential relationships between obesity and overweight on tobacco/nicotine, cannabis, and alcohol use suggest greater specificity is needed when evaluating relationships between higher weight status and substance use. It appears that overweight young adults may be at higher risk of substance use than obese young adults. Greater efforts to consider multiple weight status groups, not just obese, may have significant implications for tobacco/nicotine prevention and intervention efforts targeting vulnerable populations.

6.
Front Psychiatry ; 13: 935043, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35815019

RESUMO

Previous cross-sectional research has largely associated binge drinking (BD) with changes in volume and thickness during adolescence and early adulthood. Nevertheless, the long-term alcohol-related effects on gray matter features in youths who had maintained a BD pattern over time have not yet been sufficiently explored. The present study aimed to assess group differences both cross-sectionally and longitudinally [using symmetric percent change (SPC)] on several structural measures (i.e., thickness, surface area, volume). For this purpose, magnetic resonance imaging was recorded twice within a 2-year interval; at baseline (18-19 years) and a follow-up (20-21 years). The sample included 44 university students who were classified as 16 stable binge drinkers (8 females) and 28 stable controls (13 females). Whole-brain analysis showed larger insular surface area in binge drinkers relative to controls at follow-up (cluster-wise p = 0.045). On the other hand, region of interest (ROI) analyses on thickness also revealed a group by sex interaction at follow-up (p = 0.005), indicating that BD males had smaller right rostral middle frontal gyrus thickness than both control males (p = 0.011) and BD females (p = 0.029). Similarly, ROI-based analysis on longitudinal data showed a group by sex interaction in the right nucleus accumbens (p = 0.009) which revealed a decreased volume across time in BD males than in control males (p = 0.007). Overall, continued BD pattern during emerging adulthood appears to lead to gray matter abnormalities in regions intimately involved in reward processing, emotional regulation and executive functions. Notably, some anomalies varied significantly depending on sex, suggesting a sex-specific impact of BD on typical neurodevelopment processes.

7.
Can J Public Health ; 2022 Jul 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35818014

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To examine proportions and predictors of change in alcohol intake and binge drinking during the first 2 waves of the COVID-19 pandemic among middle-aged and older participants in the Canadian Longitudinal Study on Aging (CLSA) COVID-19 Questionnaire Study. METHODS: A total of 28,559 (67.2% of the potential sample) CLSA participants consented to the study with 24,114 completing the exit survey (fall 2020). Descriptive statistics and logistic regressions to examine predictors of change (increase or decrease) in alcohol intake and binge drinking were performed. RESULTS: Among alcohol users, 26.3% reported a change in alcohol consumption during the first 10 months of the pandemic. Similar percentages increased (13.0%) or decreased (13.3%) consumption. In our mutually adjusted logistic regression model, odds of change in alcohol intake were greater for younger age, higher income, current cannabis smoker, positive screen for depression, anxiety, and loneliness. The magnitude of all associations for decreased intake was less than that of increased intake, and the directions were opposite for male sex and age. Predictors of current binge drinking (27.9% of alcohol users) included male sex, younger age, higher education and income, cannabis use, depression, and anxiety. CONCLUSION: Factors predictive of potentially worrisome alcohol use (i.e. increased intake, binge drinking) included younger age, sex, greater education and income, living alone, cannabis use, and worse mental health. Some of these factors were also associated with decreased intake, but the magnitudes of associations were smaller. This information may help direct screening efforts and interventions towards individuals at risk for problematic alcohol intake during the pandemic.


RéSUMé: OBJECTIF: Examiner les proportions et les prédicteurs des changements dans la consommation d'alcool et l'hyperalcoolisation rapide au cours des deux premières vagues de la pandémie de COVID-19 chez les personnes âgées et d'âge moyen ayant participé à l'étude par questionnaire sur la COVID-19 de l'Étude longitudinale canadienne sur le vieillissement (ELCV). MéTHODE: Un total de 28 559 participants de l'ELCV (67,2 % de l'échantillon potentiel) ont consenti à l'étude sur la COVID-19, et 24 114 ont répondu à l'enquête à la sortie (automne 2020). Nous avons procédé par statistique descriptive et par régression logistique pour examiner les prédicteurs des changements (augmentation ou diminution) dans la consommation d'alcool et l'hyperalcoolisation rapide. RéSULTATS: Chez les consommateurs d'alcool, 26,3 % ont déclaré un changement de leur consommation d'alcool au cours des 10 premiers mois de la pandémie. Un pourcentage semblable de consommateurs d'alcool avaient accru (13 %) ou diminué (13,3 %) leur consommation. Dans notre modèle de régression logistique mutuellement ajusté, la probabilité de changement dans la consommation d'alcool était plus élevée chez les répondants plus jeunes, les répondants au revenu élevé, les fumeurs de cannabis actuels et les répondants ayant fait état de dépression, d'anxiété ou de solitude. Les associations avec la diminution de la consommation étaient moins significatives qu'avec l'augmentation de la consommation, et elles allaient dans le sens opposé pour ce qui est du sexe masculin et de l'âge. Les prédicteurs de l'hyperalcoolisation rapide actuelle (27,9 % des consommateurs d'alcool) étaient le sexe masculin, l'âge plus jeune, l'instruction et le revenu élevés, la consommation de cannabis, la dépression et l'anxiété. CONCLUSION: Les facteurs pouvant prédire une consommation d'alcool potentiellement inquiétante (c.-à-d. consommation accrue, hyperalcoolisation rapide) étaient l'âge plus jeune, le sexe, l'instruction et le revenu élevés, le fait de vivre seul, la consommation de cannabis et la moins bonne santé mentale. Certains de ces facteurs étaient aussi associés à une consommation réduite, mais ces associations étaient moins significatives. Ces informations pourraient orienter les efforts de dépistage et les interventions auprès des personnes à risque de consommation problématique d'alcool durant la pandémie.

8.
J Magn Reson Imaging ; 2022 Jul 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35808911

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Studies have identified imaging markers of binge drinking. Functional connectivity during both task challenges and resting state was shown to distinguish binge and nonbinge drinkers. However, no studies have compared the efficacy of task and resting data in the classification. HYPOTHESIS: Task outperforms resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) data in the differentiation of binge and nonbinge drinkers. We tested the hypothesis via multiple deep learning algorithms. STUDY TYPE: Cross-sectional; retrospective. POPULATION: A total of 149 binge (107 men) and 151 demographically matched, nonbinge (92 men) drinkers curated from the Human Connectome Project, with 80% randomly selected for model development and 20% for validation/test. FIELD STRENGTH/SEQUENCE: A 3 T; fMRI with a blood oxygen level-dependent (BOLD) gradient-echo echo-planar sequence. ASSESSMENT: FMRI data of resting state and seven behavioral tasks were acquired. Graph convolutional network (GCN), long short-term memory, convolutional, and recurrent neural network models were built to distinguish bingers and nonbingers using connectivity matrices of 8, 116, and 268 regions of interest (ROI). Nodal metrics including betweenness centrality, degree centrality, clustering coefficient, efficiency, local efficiency, and shortest path length were calculated from the GCN model. STATISTICAL TESTS: Model performance was quantified by the area under the curve (AUC) in receiver operating characteristic analysis. A P value < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. RESULTS: Task outperformed resting data in classification by approximately 8% by AUC in the test set. Across models and ROI sets, the gambling, motor, language and working memory tasks, each with AUC of 0.614, 0.612, 0.605, and 0.603, performed better than resting data (AUC = 0.548). Models with 116 ROIs (AUC = 0.602) consistently outperformed those with 8 ROIs (AUC = 0.569). Task data performed best with GCN (AUC = 0.619). Nodal metrics of left supplementary motor area and right cuneus showed significant group main effect across tasks. CONCLUSION: Neural responses to cognitive challenges relative to resting state better characterize binge drinking. The performance of different network models may depend on behavioral tasks and the number of ROIs. EVIDENCE LEVEL: 3 TECHNICAL EFFICACY: Stage 2.

9.
Subst Abuse ; 16: 11782218221111832, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35899221

RESUMO

Greater than moderate alcohol use spans a continuum that includes high levels of total alcohol consumed per period (heavy drinking) as well as episodes of intense drinking (binges) and can give rise to alcohol use disorder (AUD) when associated with an inability to control alcohol use despite negative consequences. Although moderate drinking and AUD have standard, operable definitions in the United States (US), a significant "gray area" remains in which an individual may exceed recommended drinking guidelines but does not meet the criteria for AUD (hereafter referred to as unhealthy alcohol use). To address this need, we conducted a structured literature search to evaluate how this gray area is defined and assess its burden within the US. For purposes of this review, we will refer to this gray area as "unhealthy alcohol use." Although numerous terms are used to describe various unsafe drinking practices, our review did not find any studies in which the specific prevalence and/or burden of unhealthy alcohol use was evaluated. That is, we found no studies that focus exclusively on individuals who exceed moderate drinking guidelines but do not meet AUD criteria. Furthermore, we did not discover an established framework for identifying individuals with unhealthy alcohol use. The lack of a consistent framework for identifying unhealthy alcohol users has significant implications for patient management and disease burden assessment. Therefore, we propose the following framework in which unhealthy alcohol use comprises 2 distinct subpopulations: those at risk of experiencing alcohol-related consequences and those who have subthreshold problems associated with use. The former, termed "risky drinkers," are defined by exceeding recommended guidelines for moderate drinking (⩽1 or 2 drinks per day for women and men, respectively). People with subthreshold problems associated with use, defined as exhibiting exactly 1 AUD symptom, would be classified as "problematic drinkers" within this proposed framework. These definitions would help bring the core elements of unhealthy alcohol use into focus, which in turn would help identify and provide management strategies sooner to those affected and reduce the overall burden of unhealthy alcohol use.

10.
Front Neurosci ; 16: 914213, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35844233

RESUMO

Background: Binge Drinking (BD) has been associated with altered inhibitory control and augmented alcohol-cue reactivity. Memory inhibition (MI), the ability to voluntarily suppress unwanted thoughts/memories, may lead to forgetting of memories in several psychiatric conditions. However, despite its potential clinical implications, no study to date has explored the MI abilities in populations with substance misuse, such as binge drinkers (BDs). Method: This study-registered in the NIH Clinical Trials Database (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT05237414)-aims firstly to examine the behavioral and electroencephalographic (EEG) correlates of MI among college BDs. For this purpose, 45 BDs and 45 age-matched non/low-drinkers (50% female) will be assessed by EEG while performing the Think/No-Think Alcohol task, a paradigm that evaluates alcohol-related MI. Additionally, this work aims to evaluate an alcohol-specific MI intervention protocol using cognitive training (CT) and transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) while its effects on behavioral and EEG outcomes are assessed. BDs will be randomly assigned to one MI training group: combined [CT and verum tDCS applied over the right dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC)], cognitive (CT and sham tDCS), or control (sham CT and sham tDCS). Training will occur in three consecutive days, in three sessions. MI will be re-assessed in BDs through a post-training EEG assessment. Alcohol use and craving will be measured at the first EEG assessment, and both 10-days and 3-months post-training. In addition, behavioral and EEG data will be collected during the performance of an alcohol cue reactivity (ACR) task, which evaluates attentional bias toward alcoholic stimuli, before, and after the MI training sessions. Discussion: This study protocol will provide the first behavioral and neurofunctional MI assessment in BDs. Along with poor MI abilities, BDs are expected to show alterations in event-related potentials and functional connectivity patterns associated with MI. Results should also demonstrate the effectiveness of the protocol, with BDs exhibiting an improved capacity to suppress alcohol-related memories after both combined and cognitive training, along with a reduction in alcohol use and craving in the short/medium-term. Collectively, these findings might have major implications for the understanding and treatment of alcohol misuse. Clinical Trial Registration: [www.ClinicalTrials.gov], identifier [NCT05237414].

11.
Addiction ; 2022 Jul 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35815387

RESUMO

AIM: To compare the effectiveness of practitioner versus digitally delivered interventions for reducing hazardous and harmful alcohol consumption. DESIGN: Systematic review and network meta-analysis comprising comprehensive search for randomised controlled trials, robust screening and selection methods and appraisal with the Cochrane Risk of Bias tool. Network meta-analyses were conducted in Stata using random effects, frequentist models. The confidence in network meta-analysis (CINeMA) tool was used to assess confidence in effect sizes. SETTING: Online or community or health settings where the intervention was immediately accessible without referral. PARTICIPANTS: Non treatment-seeking hazardous or harmful drinkers. MEASUREMENTS: Primary outcome was mean difference in alcohol consumption (g/wk); secondary outcome was number of single high intensity drinking episodes. Baseline consumption was analysed as a covariate. FINDINGS: Of 201 included trials (94 753 participants), 152 reported a consumption outcome that could be converted to grams/week; 104 reported number of single high intensity drinking episodes. At 1 and 6 months, practitioner delivered interventions reduced consumption more than digitally delivered interventions (1 month: -23 g/wk (95% CI, -43 to -2); 6 months: -14 g/wk [95% CI, -25 to -3]). At 12 months there was no evidence of difference between practitioner and digitally delivered interventions (-6 g/wk [95% CI, -24 to 12]). There was no evidence of a difference in single high intensity drinking episodes between practitioner and digitally delivered interventions at any time point. Effect sizes were small, but could impact across a population with relatively high prevalence of hazardous and harmful drinking. Heterogeneity was a concern. Some inconsistency was indicated at 1 and 6 months, but little evidence was apparent at 12 months. CONCLUSION: Practitioner delivered interventions for reducing hazardous and harmful alcohol consumption are more effective than digitally delivered interventions up to 6 months; at 12 months there is no evidence of a difference.

12.
Psychopathology ; : 1-10, 2022 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35780771

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: According to current concepts of developmental tasks, both the use of digital media and the consumption of psychotropic substances are age-typical challenges for adolescents. The majority overcomes these developmental tasks, but a substantial proportion of youth develops problematic usage patterns (e.g., of video games) or problematic consumption behavior (e.g., of alcohol). Empirical findings show the importance of family aspects for these problematic behavior patterns. Currently, it is not clear which specific areas of parent-child relationship are associated in each case and whether there are differences between substance-related and substance-unrelated problematic behavioral patterns. METHODS: We surveyed 480 adolescents (45.2% females, mean age = 16.84 years) with standardized instruments regarding the mother-child relationship as well as problematic gaming, problematic social media use, and problematic alcohol use. We conducted correlation and multiple linear regression analyses (separately for problematic gaming, problematic social media use, and problematic alcohol use) as well as a multivariate multiple regression analysis. RESULTS: In the regression analyses, more conflicts with the mother were related to all three behavioral patterns. However, lower cohesion was only statistically significantly associated with problematic alcohol use, but not with problematic gaming and problematic social media use, whereas lower autonomy and more frequent punishment of the child were statistically significantly related to problematic gaming and problematic social media use, but not to problematic alcohol use. DISCUSSION/CONCLUSION: The findings indicate partially different relational dynamics for substance-related and substance-unrelated problem behaviors (interestingly, for cohesion and autonomy, the 95% confidence intervals of the standardized regression coefficients were not overlapping). The results of the present study could be used in family-based prevention approaches or in treatments in the clinical setting.

13.
Lancet Reg Health Eur ; 19: 100417, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35664051

RESUMO

Background: Heavy alcohol consumption increases the risk of several chronic diseases. In this multicohort study, we estimated the number of life-years without major chronic diseases according to different characteristics of alcohol use. Methods: In primary analysis, we pooled individual-level data from up to 129,942 adults across 12 cohort studies with baseline data collection on alcohol consumption, drinking patterns, and history between 1986 and 2005 (the IPD-Work Consortium). Self-reported alcohol consumption was categorised according to UK guidelines - non-drinking (never or former drinkers); moderate consumption (1-14 units); heavy consumption (>14 units per week). We further subdivided moderate and heavy drinkers by binge drinking pattern (alcohol-induced loss of consciousness). In addition, we assessed problem drinking using linked data on hospitalisations due to alcohol abuse or poisoning. Follow-up for chronic diseases for all participants included incident type 2 diabetes, coronary heart disease, stroke, cancer, and respiratory disease (asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) as ascertained via linkage to national morbidity and mortality registries, repeated medical examinations, and/or self-report. We estimated years lived without any of these diseases between 40 and 75 years of age according to sex and characteristics of alcohol use. We repeated the main analyses using data from 427,621 participants in the UK Biobank cohort study. Findings: During 1·73 million person-years at risk, 22,676 participants in IPD-Work cohorts developed at least one chronic condition. From age 40 to 75 years, never-drinkers [men: 29·3 (95%CI 27·9-30·8) years, women 29·8 (29·2-30·4) years)] and moderate drinkers with no binge drinking habit [men 28·7 (28·4-29·0) years, women 29·6 (29·4-29·7) years] had the longest disease-free life span. A much shorter disease-free life span was apparent in participants who experienced alcohol poisoning [men 23·4 (20·9-26·0) years, women 24·0 (21·4-26·5) years] and those with self-reported heavy overall consumption and binge drinking [men: 26·0 (25·3-26·8), women 27·5 (26·4-28·5) years]. The pattern of results for alcohol poisoning and self-reported alcohol consumption was similar in UK Biobank. In IPD-Work and UK Biobank, differences in disease-free years between self-reported moderate drinkers and heavy drinkers were 1·5 years or less. Interpretation: Individuals with alcohol poisonings or heavy self-reported overall consumption combined with a binge drinking habit have a marked 3- to 6-year loss in healthy longevity. Differences in disease-free life between categories of self-reported weekly alcohol consumption were smaller. Funding: Medical Research Council, National Institute on Aging, NordForsk, Academy of Finland, Finnish Work Environment Fund.

14.
Front Behav Neurosci ; 16: 732375, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35685271

RESUMO

A history of heavy drinking increases vulnerability to, and the severity of, Alzheimer's disease (AD) and related dementias, with alcohol use disorder identified as the strongest modifiable risk factor for early-onset dementia. Heavy drinking has increased markedly in women over the past 10 years, particularly in mature adult women during the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic. This is concerning as women are more sensitive to many alcohol-related disease states, including AD and related dementias. Herein, we conducted two studies to determine if a 1-month period of binge drinking during mature adulthood (i.e., 5-9 months of age) impairs spatial and working memory to a greater extent in female vs. male C57BL/6J (B6J) mice. The anxiogenic and cognitive-impairing effects of binge drinking were also compared between mature adult and old B6J mice (18 months of age) in a third study. Throughout, females consumed more alcohol than males, indicating that a sex difference in binge drinking persists into old age. Despite the sex difference in intake, we detected no consistent sex difference in our measures of alcohol withdrawal-induced anxiety during a behavioral test battery. Although mature adult females exhibited more cognitive deficits than males, the precise outcome exhibiting a female-selective effect varied across studies. Old mice drank lower amounts of alcohol than mature adult mice, yet their blood ethanol concentrations (BECs) were within error of the 80 mg/dl criterion for binge drinking, indicative of an age-related slowing of alcohol metabolism. As expected, 18-month-old controls exhibited more signs of cognitive impairment than their 6-month-old counterparts, and binge drinking history impaired the Morris water maze performance of mice of both ages. In contrast, binge drinking history impaired the radial arm maze performance of 6-month-old mice only, and the extent of the impairment was comparable to the behavior exhibited by the older mice. We conclude from our studies that: (1) both biological sex and the age of drinking onset are subject factors that impact voluntary alcohol consumption by mice into old age; (2) binge drinking during later life elicits a negative affective state that is relatively sex-independent; (3) binge drinking during both mature adulthood and old age impairs spatial learning and memory; (4) binge drinking during mature adulthood accelerates deficits in working memory; and (5) mature adult females tend to exhibit more alcohol-induced cognitive impairments than males. If relevant to humans, these findings suggest that binge-like drinking by older adult men and women induces a negative affective state and cognitive decline, but that mature adult women, in particular, may be more sensitive to both the immediate and persistent cognitive-impairing effects of heavy drinking.

15.
Subst Use Misuse ; 57(9): 1365-1373, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35673802

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between suicidal behaviors and binge drinking among Brazilian adolescents. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 2,476 students 14 to 19 years of age from 26 public high schools in the city of Olinda, Brazil. Data collection occurred between March and June 2018 through the self-administered Youth Risk Behavior Survey. Descriptive analysis and Poisson regression (p < 0.05, 95%CI) were performed. RESULTS: The prevalence of suicidal ideation, planning and attempt in the previous 12 months was 23.7%, 17.4% and 13.5%, respectively. Suicidal ideation was associated with binge drinking one to two days (PR:1.053, 95%CI:1.011-1.096) and ≥ three days in the previous 30 days (PR:1.069, 95%CI:1.016-1.125), sadness/hopelessness in the previous 12 months (PR:1.313, 95%CI:1.267-1.360), a report of family physical aggression in the previous 12 months (PR:1.111, 95%CI:1.068-1.155), the female sex (PR:1.082, 95%CI:1.049-1.115) and a non-nuclear family (PR:1.037, 95%CI:1.004-1.071). Suicidal planning was associated with sadness/hopelessness in the previous 12 months (PR:1.257, 95%CI:1.214-1.302), report of family physical aggression in the previous 12 months (PR:1.110, 95%CI:1.065-1.156) and the female sex (PR:1.072, 95%CI:1.041-1.104). Suicide attempt was associated with binge drinking ≥ three days in the previous 30 days (PR:1.062, 95%CI:1.008-1.119), sadness/hopelessness in the previous 12 months (PR:1.202, 95%CI:1.161-1.244), report of family physical aggression in the previous 12 months (PR:1.105, 95%CI:1.060-1.153) and the female sex (PR:1.064, 95%CI:1.034-1.095). The Catholic (PR:0.938, 95%CI:0.899-0.979; PR:0.925, 95%CI:0.888-0.9865; PR:0.937, 95%CI:0.899-0.977) and Evangelical (PR:0.956, 95%CI:0.922-0.992; PR:0.954, 95%CI:0.919-0.991) religions acted as a possible protective factor against suicidal behaviors. CONCLUSIONS: Suicidal ideation and attempt were associated with binge drinking.


Assuntos
Consumo Excessivo de Bebidas Alcoólicas , Ideação Suicida , Adolescente , Consumo Excessivo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/epidemiologia , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Tentativa de Suicídio
16.
Alcohol Clin Exp Res ; 2022 Jun 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35722862

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Heavy alcohol use, including binge drinking, is associated with high morbidity and mortality among men who have sex with men (MSM). Self-reported alcohol measures may lead to inaccurate estimates due to recall and social desirability biases. Objective alcohol biomarkers like phosphatidylethanol (PEth) can be used to corroborate self-report and could help to inform treatment approaches and research strategies for alcohol using MSM. METHODS: From 2015 to 2020, alcohol using MSM ≥18 years were enrolled in a randomized controlled trial evaluating the efficacy of naltrexone in reducing binge drinking. Using this trial's baseline data, we applied multivariable logistic regression to identify the correlates of high PEth levels (i.e., ≥87 ng/ml) and concordance between PEth levels and self-reported heavy drinking. RESULTS: Of 118 MSM, 64% had PEth levels ≥87 ng/ml and 72% had PEth levels that were concordant with self-reported heavy alcohol use. Factors significantly associated in separate models with elevated PEth levels were income ≥$60,000 (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] = 4.09; 95% CI = 1.13 to 14.82), being employed (aOR = 4.04; 95% CI = 1.45 to 11.32), episodic cannabis use (aOR = 4.63; 95% CI = 1.27 to 16.92), and any alcohol/substance use prior to or during anal intercourse (aOR = 2.52; 95% CI = 1.08 to 5.90). Living with HIV was associated with significantly lower odds of elevated PEth levels (aOR = 0.23; 95% CI = 0.09 to 0.61). Factors associated with significantly higher concordance between PEth levels and self-reported heavy alcohol use included at least weekly use of poppers (aOR = 6.41; 95% CI = 1.27 to 32.28) and polysubstance use (aOR = 2.53; 95% CI = 1.02 to 6.27). Living with HIV was associated with lower odds of concordance (aOR = 0.36; 95% CI = 0.14 to 0.97). CONCLUSIONS: PEth may enhance the detection of heavy drinking among MSM, including the identification of subpopulations that may benefit from targeted alcohol reduction interventions. However, PEth values for MSM living with HIV showed modest concordance with self-reported alcohol use and may need to be supplemented with additional biomarkers or evaluated against a different cutoff.

17.
Front Behav Neurosci ; 16: 821859, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35645743

RESUMO

The High Drinking in the Dark (HDID-1) line of mice has been selectively bred for achieving high blood alcohol levels (BALs) in the Drinking in the Dark task, a model of binge-like drinking. Recently, we determined that glucocorticoid receptor (GR) antagonism with either mifepristone or CORT113176 (a selective GR antagonist) reduced binge-like ethanol intake in the HDID-1 mice, but not in their founder line, HS/NPT. Here, we examined whether the selection process may have altered glucocorticoid functioning by measuring (1) plasma corticosterone levels and (2) expression of the genes encoding GR (Nr3c1) and two of its chaperone proteins FKBP51 and FKBP52 (Fkbp5 and Fkbp4) in the brains (nucleus accumbens, NAc) of HDID-1 and HS/NPT mice. We observed no genotype differences in baseline circulating corticosterone levels. However, HDID-1 mice exhibited a greater stimulated peak corticosterone response to an IP injection (of either ethanol or saline) relative to their founder line. We further observed reduced basal expression of Fkbp4 and Nr3c1 in the NAc of HDID-1 mice relative to HS/NPT mice. Finally, HDID-1 mice exhibited reduced Fkbp5 expression in the NAc relative to HS/NPT mice following an injection of 2 g/kg ethanol. Together, these data suggest that selective breeding for high BALs may have altered stress signaling in the HDID-1 mice, which may contribute to the observed selective efficacy of GR antagonism in reducing binge-like ethanol intake in HDID-1, but not HS/NPT mice. These data have important implications for the role that stress signaling plays in the genetic risk for binge drinking.

18.
Addict Biol ; 27(4): e13199, 2022 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35754100

RESUMO

Adolescent Binge Drinking (BD) has become an increasing health and social concern, with detrimental consequences for brain development and functional integrity. However, research on neurophysiological and neuropsychological traits predisposing to BD are limited at this time. In this work, we conducted a 2-year longitudinal magnetoencephalography (MEG) study over a cohort of initially alcohol-naïve adolescents with the purpose of exploring anomalies in resting-state electrophysiological networks, impulsivity, sensation-seeking, and dysexecutive behaviour able to predict future BD patterns. In a sample of 67 alcohol-naïve adolescents (age = 14.5 ± 0.9), we measured resting-state activity using MEG. Additionally, we evaluated their neuropsychological traits using self-report ecological scales (BIS-11, SSS-V, BDEFS, BRIEF-SR and DEX). In a second evaluation, 2 years later, we measured participant's alcohol consumption, sub-dividing the original sample in two groups: future binge drinkers (22 individuals, age 14.6 ± 0.8; eight females) and future light/no drinkers (17 individuals, age 14.5 ± 0.8; eight females). Then, we searched for differences predating alcohol BD intake. We found abnormalities in MEG resting state, in a form of gamma band hyperconnectivity, in those adolescents who transitioned into BD years later. Furthermore, they showed higher impulsivity, dysexecutive behaviours and sensation seeking, positively correlated with functional connectivity (FC). Sensation seeking and impulsivity mainly predicted BD severity in the future, while the relationship between dysexecutive trait and FC with future BD was mediated by sensation seeking. These findings shed light to electrophysiological and neuropsychological traits of vulnerability towards alcohol consumption. We hypothesise that these differences may rely on divergent neurobiological development of inhibitory neurotransmission pathways and executive prefrontal circuits.


Assuntos
Consumo Excessivo de Bebidas Alcoólicas , Consumo de Álcool por Menores , Adolescente , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas , Etanol , Feminino , Humanos , Comportamento Impulsivo/fisiologia , Magnetoencefalografia
19.
Appetite ; 176: 106123, 2022 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35675874

RESUMO

There is a strong relationship between stress and the intake of calorically-dense palatable food. Additionally, intake of sodas is an important contributory factor to obesity, and is often associated with palatable food consumption. We studied the effects of 2-h intermittent access to sucrose-sweetened water (SSW, 12.3%, soda-like) and its schedule of administration on the response to chronic variable stress in mice fed a high-fat, high-sugar diet. C57BL/6 mice (n = 64) had access to water or to both water and 2-h SSW during 5 weeks, in addition to their diet. After the first two weeks, half of the animals from each group were stressed daily using a chronic variable stress (CVS) paradigm, while the other half were kept undisturbed. During the CVS exposure period, 2-h SSW access was either scheduled randomly, right before the stressors or right after the stressors. The effects of SSW and its schedule of administration on dietary intake, stress hormones and adiposity were analyzed. Results showed a larger consumption of SSW and higher bodyweight gain in mice receiving SSW after the stressor. In addition, SSW consumption was shown to affect appetite regulation by reducing CCK sensitivity. The present study suggests that SSW leads to overconsumption and weight gain only if provided after exposure to stress. These findings may implicate a relation between exposure to stress, binge-drinking behaviors of sugar sweetened beverages that ensues, and weight gain in humans consuming a western diet.


Assuntos
Ingestão de Energia , Aumento de Peso , Animais , Dieta Hiperlipídica/efeitos adversos , Ingestão de Energia/fisiologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Obesidade/etiologia , Sacarose , Água/farmacologia , Aumento de Peso/fisiologia
20.
J Am Coll Health ; : 1-9, 2022 Jun 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35737976

RESUMO

Objectives: Examines whether a personality characteristic, need for approval, moderates the relationship between harassment exposure and alcohol misuse over time in a college sample, and compare the results between genders. Participants: Six waves of data (fall 2011 to fall 2015) were collected from 1,240 study participants sampled from eight colleges and universities in the Midwestern United States. Methods: Two-level mixed modeling was conducted separately for exposure to sexual and generalized harassment and modeled separately for women and men. Results: In men only, need for approval significantly moderated the relationship between generalized harassment and binge drinking over time, where a higher need for approval put male students at increased risk. Conclusions: Harassment is a risk factor contributing to high levels of drinking among college students. School counseling centers and mental health professionals should take this factor into consideration, as well as individual personality characteristics when addressing student health and wellness.

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