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1.
Body Image ; 51: 101763, 2024 Jul 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38970852

RESUMO

Previous body image research often grouped both gay and bisexual men into a single category: sexual minoritised men, limiting our understanding of how sexual identity influences body image. However, there is strong reason to believe that bisexual and gay men experience distinct body image concerns. Here, we explored motivations to alter one's leanness and muscularity, as well as (dis)satisfaction with body fat, muscularity, height and penis size, and functionality appreciation across gay, bisexual, and straight cisgender men. We sampled 378 white participants aged 18 to 85 (nbisexual = 125, ngay = 128, nstraight = 125). We found that bisexual men were significantly less motivated to be lean and showed lower muscularity dissatisfaction relative to gay men but showed comparable levels to straight men. Our findings demonstrate that despite research perceiving the body image of bisexual and gay men as homogenous, they experience differences in their body image concerning leanness and muscularity dissatisfaction. Future body image research should incorporate this understanding by not artificially grouping bisexual and gay cisgender men and instead acknowledging the potential uniqueness in their experiences.

2.
Int J Psychoanal ; 105(3): 386-392, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-39008040

RESUMO

This paper discusses the ways in which psychoanalytic perspectives may have been limited by the Western cultural context in which they originated and explores the potential of the Indian cultural imagination to broaden psychoanalytic thinking about ego formation, the nature of Eros, bisexuality, and individuation. The case is made for the need to retain the diverse perspectives offered by the cultural imaginations of different civilisations despite the globalization of ideas.


Assuntos
Psicanálise , Humanos , Índia , Teoria Psicanalítica , Ego
3.
Cult Health Sex ; : 1-11, 2024 May 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38779907

RESUMO

Understanding one's sexual orientation plays a significant role in contributing to one's sexual identity and developing a coherent sense of self. Misconceptions and prevailing prejudices make it difficult for bisexual individuals to navigate their sexual identities in many societies. Disclosure of one's identity is accompanied by certain risks depending on how the information is received. However, disclosing one's identity can also be positive, especially as it assists in fostering relationships. This article derives from a descriptive study involving 14 semi-structured interviews with young adults aged 18-24 who identified as bisexual. Data were subjected to a reflexive thematic analysis. Themes of invalidation, belongingness and reclaiming through 'inviting in' were identified. By processing the feelings of invalidation regarding their bisexual identities which were placed upon them by their respective cultural groups, and society in general, participants were able to develop a sense of agency and reclaim their power. Findings highlight the need for further research on bisexuality, particularly in South Africa, and the need to understand how bisexual identity development occurs in interaction with other sexual and gender identities.

4.
Subst Use Misuse ; 59(8): 1167-1173, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38424725

RESUMO

Background: Bisexual women, compared to heterosexual women, report greater amounts of alcohol use and heavy drinking. Alcohol expectancies (i.e., beliefs about alcohol outcomes) are a strong predictor of alcohol use, but few studies have examined the importance of alcohol expectancies in relation to alcohol use among bisexual women specifically or in comparison to heterosexual women. Objectives: The current study examined 262 heterosexual and 225 bisexual women using an online survey about alcohol use, sexual risk-taking, and alcohol expectancy subtypes (sexuality, tension reduction, and aggression). Results: Compared to heterosexual women, bisexual women reported greater sexuality and tension reduction expectancies after accounting for their level of drinking, but groups did not differ on aggression expectancies. Moreover, sexual identity status moderated the associations between sexuality and tension reduction expectancies and alcohol use, respectively. Specifically, our study findings suggested that sexuality and tension reduction alcohol expectancies were more strongly tied to alcohol use among bisexual women than heterosexual women. Conclusions: Taken together, in our study, bisexual women held stronger sexuality and tension reduction expectancies, as compared to heterosexual women. Interventions targeting alcohol expectancies may be considered when tailoring intervention content for this population.


Assuntos
Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas , Bissexualidade , Heterossexualidade , Humanos , Feminino , Heterossexualidade/psicologia , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/psicologia , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/epidemiologia , Adulto , Adulto Jovem , Bissexualidade/psicologia , Bissexualidade/estatística & dados numéricos , Assunção de Riscos , Comportamento Sexual/psicologia , Adolescente , Agressão/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
5.
J Prev Med Public Health ; 57(1): 28-36, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38062718

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the impact of socioeconomic factors and sexual orientation-related attributes on the rates of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) vaccination and infection among men who have sex with men (MSM). METHODS: A web-based survey, supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea, was conducted among paying members of the leading online portal for the lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, or queer and questioning (LGBTQ+) community in Korea. The study participants were MSM living in Korea (n=942). COVID-19 vaccination and infection were considered dependent variables, while sexual orientation-related characteristics and adherence to non-pharmacological intervention (NPI) practices served as primary independent variables. To ensure analytical precision, nested logistic regression analyses were employed. These were further refined by dividing respondents into 4 categories based on sexual orientation and disclosure (or "coming-out") status. RESULTS: Among MSM, no definitive association was found between COVID-19 vaccination status and factors such as socioeconomic or sexual orientation-related attributes (with the latter including human immunodeficiency virus [HIV] status, sexual orientation, and disclosure experience). However, key determinants influencing COVID-19 infection were identified. Notably, people living with HIV (PLWH) exhibited a statistically significant predisposition towards COVID-19 infection. Furthermore, greater adherence to NPI practices among MSM corresponded to a lower likelihood of COVID-19 infection. CONCLUSIONS: This study underscores the high susceptibility to COVID-19 among PLWH within the LGBTQ+ community relative to their healthy MSM counterparts. Consequently, it is crucial to advocate for tailored preventive strategies, including robust NPIs, to protect these at-risk groups. Such measures are essential in reducing the disparities that may emerge in a post-COVID-19 environment.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Infecções por HIV , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Homossexualidade Masculina , Vacinas contra COVID-19 , Infecções por HIV/prevenção & controle , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , República da Coreia/epidemiologia
6.
J Homosex ; 71(1): 259-292, 2024 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36041085

RESUMO

This paper presents a systematic review of factors that correlate with attitudes toward bisexuals, and a meta-analysis to estimate the effect size of these relationships. A search strategy was designed to identify studies that had a measure of attitudes toward bisexuals and assessed the relationship between these attitudes and at least one attitude-relevant correlate. The strategy was then applied to PsycINFO, PsycEXTRA, Proquest Psychology Collection, EBSCO Psychology and Behavioral Sciences Collection and SociINDEX databases, and calls for unpublished data were circulated through relevant professional bodies. Effect size data were extracted from the articles, and meta-analyses were conducted on each of the applicable correlates. The meta-analyses revealed that age, contact (quality and quantity), income, political orientation, religion, sexual orientation, education, ethnicity, gender, and population density were related to negative attitudes toward bisexual individuals (Fisher's Zs = 0.108, -0.418, -0.209, 0.221, 0.231, 0.346, & 0.831, and Hedges' g's = 0.365, 0.344, 0.278, & 0.193, respectively). In addition, a sub-group moderation analysis revealed these effect sizes for participant gender differed as a function of target gender (i.e., bisexual men vs. bisexual women).


Assuntos
Bissexualidade , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero , Humanos , Feminino , Masculino , Bissexualidade/psicologia , Atitude , Comportamento Sexual/psicologia , Escolaridade
7.
Ind Psychiatry J ; 32(1): 142-149, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37274584

RESUMO

Background: Although the potential for alternate conceptions of gender roles and sexual orientations are diverse, it is by-and-large not well tolerated. This study explores the self-reported gender-roles and sexual orientations of Indian undergraduate medical students. Aim: To study self-reported gender role and sexual orientation of undergraduate medical students in India. Method: One hundred twenty volunteers were included in the study consisting of 60 males and 60 females. A questionnaire comprising of a sociodemographic proforma, Bem Sex-Role Inventory (BSRI), and Epstein Sexual Orientation Inventory (ESOI) were given to each participant. The scales were scored, tabulated, and statistically analyzed. Results: The BSRI revealed that femininity was predominant in both female and male participants, at 68.33% and 55%, respectively. The ESOI revealed that females had significantly higher opposite-sex attraction than males. Though males had higher same-sex attraction than females, the difference was not statistically significant. Females also had a significantly higher sexual orientation range and a mean sexual orientation. Sexual drive was significantly higher in males. Significantly more females supported homosexuality and bisexuality as compared to males. Conclusion: This study helps establish that gender roles can be non-conforming. It helps ascertain that while heterosexual orientation predominates, alternate sexual orientations also exist. It paves the way for future studies and explorations to alleviate public misconceptions.

8.
J Homosex ; : 1-24, 2023 Jun 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37272900

RESUMO

Monosexuality and bisexuality (attraction to one and more than one gender/sex, respectively) are historical constructs, as are monomodal (e.g., gender/sex-based) and multimodal concepts of erotic attraction. I provide a brief outline of distinctions between single-gender and multi-gender attractions as they emerged in continental Europe. Nineteenth-century conceptualizations of sexual orientation in terms of gender-exclusivity were animated by medical frames for socio-sexual disfavor and aversion. From the early 1880s bisexuality became framed as a stage of "sexual inversion," and, from 1891, associated with notions of gender-independent attraction to particular "types." German and Dutch surveys reported in 1904 were pivotal in popularizing and internationalizing bisexual interest as a sexological intrigue.

9.
J Aging Stud ; 65: 101133, 2023 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37268378

RESUMO

Critical gerontologists have called for more diverse and inclusive visions of a good old age, and especially for imaginings that do not depend on health, wealth and heterosexuality. They have suggested that LGBTQ people, alongside other marginalized groups, may have particular contributions to make to the project of reimagining ageing. In this paper, we bring together this work with Jose Muñoz's concept of 'cruising utopia' to examine possibilities for imagining a more utopian, queer life course. We present findings from a narrative analysis of Bi Women Quarterly, a grassroots online bi community newsletter with an international readership, analyzing three issues published between 2014 and 2019 that focused on the intersection of ageing and bisexuality. We found several ways in which the authors told counter-narratives that queered normative visions of successful ageing. They queered norms around the stability and reification of sexual and gender identities. They challenged current forms of LGBTQ activism. They embraced and celebrated ageing, through such activities as croning ceremonies, and directly addressed and contemplated death. Finally, they queered the narrative form, by giving accounts of personal experience that were dreamlike, poetic or inconclusive. We conclude that counter-normative spaces, such as activist newsletters, offer valuable resources to progress the wider project of reimagining successful ageing more inclusively.


Assuntos
Coragem , Homossexualidade Feminina , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero , Feminino , Humanos , Bissexualidade , Identidade de Gênero , Envelhecimento
10.
Psychoanal Rev ; 110(2): 161-193, 2023 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37260307

RESUMO

The author focuses on bisexuality in a continued analysis of Freud's radical sexual theory. A close reading of texts from Freud's work, in particular "The Ego and the Id," demonstrates how Freud puts forward a bisexuality thesis in parallel and as an alternative to his thesis of the Oedipus complex. This bisexuality thesis is premised on the mechanism of object cathexis and identification by which the ego and superego are formed. The textual excavation is extended back to earlier material by Freud and other authors (Trigant Burrow, Isidor Sadger) to reveal the foundational bedrock of the bisexuality thesis in primary identification. This line of investigation boldly confirms not only Freud's view of the fundamental centrality of bisexuality to human sexuality but also its main consequence, which Freud himself implicitly recognizes, namely, the negation of the Oedipus complex. This argument has ramifications for the theory and clinical practice of psychoanalysis.


Assuntos
Complexo de Édipo , Psicanálise , Humanos , Bissexualidade , Teoria Freudiana/história , Psicanálise/história
11.
Vaccines (Basel) ; 11(5)2023 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37243112

RESUMO

Vaccination against mpox can control the outbreak by targeting high-risk groups such as the LGBTIQ+ community. The aim of the study was to evaluate the perceptions and intentions to get vaccinated against mpox among the LGBTIQ+ community in Peru. We conducted a cross-sectional study from 1 November 2022 to 17 January 2023 in Peru. We included individuals over 18 years old, belonging to the LGBTIQ+ community, and residing in the departments of Lima and Callao. To evaluate the factors associated with the intention to be vaccinated, we used Poisson regression with robust variance to create a multivariate model. The study comprised 373 individuals who self-identified as members of the LGBTIQ+ community. The participants had a mean age of 31 years (SD ± 9), with 85.0% males and 75.3% reporting to be homosexual men. The majority (88.5%) expressed their intention to receive the vaccine against mpox. Believing that the vaccine is safe was associated with a higher intention to be vaccinated (aPR: 1.24; 95% CI: 1.02 to 1.50; p = 0.028). Our study population showed a high level of mpox vaccination intent. Educational campaigns reinforcing the concept of vaccine safety should be conducted to increase the intention and possibly the vaccination rate in the LGBTIQ+ community.

12.
Int J Psychoanal ; 104(2): 244-262, 2023 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37139740

RESUMO

Fain's theoretical conceptualisation of the 'Censorship of the Lover' (1971) offers a framework to investigate the unrepresented traumatic aspects of the hypochondriacal fear of breast cancer. The failure of the maternal role to function as both the mother-of-the-infant and the lover-of-the-father creates considerable deficits in the primal psychosomatic tie. The authors aim to draw attention on to the importance of the mother-of-the-infant facet of the dual maternal function. The threatening repetitive scenario experienced by the hypochondriacal patient is considered as a form of pathological autoerotism, indicating an insufficient construction of psychic bisexuality, and, subsequently, of sexual identity. The hypochondriacal fear of breast cancer constitutes a positive hallucination whereas the denial of the healthy breast represents a negative hallucination (Green, 1993). The topos of the body onto which the fear of death is projected implies the existence of underlying associations related to the subject's history. The complexities surrounding such acute hypochondriacal anxieties are demonstrated in the analysis of a female patient, during which the analytic dyad was called upon to disclose and construct different levels of meaning in order to enhance the capacity for mentalization.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Mães , Humanos , Lactente , Feminino , Transtornos Psicofisiológicos/psicologia , Medo , Alucinações
13.
J Interpers Violence ; 38(13-14): 8500-8523, 2023 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36916056

RESUMO

Intimate partner violence (IPV) is an extensive public health concern, largely affecting women aged 20 to 24 years. Research suggests that bisexual women are more likely than heterosexual and homosexual women to be victims of IPV. Bisexual women are also more likely to be blamed for their abuse experiences after disclosing, a phenomenon known as victim blame attribution (VBA). However, very little VBA research recognizes bisexuality as a separate category. Therefore, the main aim of this quasi-experimental study was to investigate the role of female victim sexuality (bisexuality, homosexuality, and heterosexuality) and observer sex in the attribution of blame to the victim and perpetrator of IPV. Participants (N = 232; aged 18-24 years, M = 21.05, SD = 1.73) were randomly assigned into one of four conditions (heterosexual victim, bisexual victim with same-sex partner, bisexual victim with different-sex partner, homosexual victim), each containing a vignette portraying IPV within a relationship. Randomization checks were performed to ensure that participants in the four conditions did not differ significantly on underlying attitudes (institutional heterosexism (IH), aversive heterosexism (AH), heterosexual privilege (HP), sexist attitudes, just world beliefs) that may have affected their responses on outcome measures. Main analyses demonstrated that bisexual victims with a same-sex partner received the highest attribution of blame, whereas perpetrators in this condition received the lowest blame attribution. Male participants attributed significantly higher blame to victims than did female participants, regardless of victim sexuality. These findings substantiate the role of victim sexuality and observer sex in IPV blame attribution patterns. This research aimed to promote equality and rightful treatment to all victims of IPV regardless of their sexuality.


Assuntos
Vítimas de Crime , Violência por Parceiro Íntimo , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Comportamento Sexual , Heterossexualidade , Homossexualidade
14.
Cannabis Cannabinoid Res ; 8(5): 942-948, 2023 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36595520

RESUMO

Introduction: Gay, lesbian, and bisexual individuals (i.e., sexual minorities) use cannabis more frequently than heterosexuals; however, little research has directly compared sexual minorities' patterns of cannabis use (e.g., quantity, age of onset, forms of cannabis used) with heterosexuals. Some research has identified motivations for cannabis use in sexual minorities, but much of this research has been qualitative and/or narrow in scope (e.g., focused on sexual motivations). To the best of our knowledge, no previous research has used a validated measure to examine motives for cannabis use among sexual minorities. Additionally, cannabis use is known to be associated with mental health symptoms, but little research has examined relationships between cannabis use and mental health in this population. Materials and Methods: Data analyses were performed on archival survey data collected from 10 undergraduate psychology subject pools across the United States (N=4,669) as a part of Project ART (Addictions Research Team). Participants indicated their sexual orientation using a 5-point scale, and responses were used to classify participants into three groups: the majority of the sample (n=3,483) were classified into the heterosexual group, about one quarter were classified into the bisexual group (n=1,081), and a small number were classified into the gay group (n=105). Results: The bisexual group was more likely to report using cannabis. They also reported using cannabis more frequently, were more likely to report use of all product types (i.e., flower, concentrates, and edibles), and reported more severe symptoms of cannabis use disorder (CUD) than the heterosexual group. The bisexual group also reported higher levels of coping and enhancement motives for using cannabis and reported higher levels of all measured mental health symptoms (e.g., depression, suicidality, generalized anxiety, and social anxiety) compared with the heterosexual group. Conclusions: Increased frequency of cannabis use, use of a broad range of different products, and use of cannabis to cope with mental health concerns may be placing bisexual individuals at greater risk of CUD. Findings from this study can be used to guide future research and help target mental health interventions among bisexual individuals.


Assuntos
Cannabis , Alucinógenos , Homossexualidade Feminina , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Estados Unidos , Homossexualidade Feminina/psicologia , Bissexualidade/psicologia , Comportamento Sexual/psicologia , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/epidemiologia
15.
J Homosex ; 70(8): 1461-1478, 2023 Jul 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35112988

RESUMO

Bisexual people may appear to have more potential romantic partners than people only attracted to one gender (e.g., heterosexual, gay, lesbian people). However, bisexual people's dating choices are limited by non-bisexual people's reluctance to date bisexual people. Studies have indicated that some heterosexual, gay, and lesbian people are reluctant to date bisexual people, particularly bisexual men. We extend current understandings of gendered anti-bisexual bias through investigating heterosexual, bisexual, gay, and lesbian people's reported willingness to date within and outside of their sexual orientation groups. Participants (n = 1823) varying in sexual orientation completed measures regarding their willingness to engage in a romantic relationship with heterosexual, bisexual, gay, and lesbian individuals. Heterosexual and gay/lesbian people were less willing to date bisexual people than bisexual people were to date them, consistent with anti-bisexual bias rather than mere in-group preference. Preferences against dating bisexual men appeared particularly strong, even among bisexual women.


Assuntos
Homossexualidade Feminina , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Heterossexualidade , Comportamento Sexual , Bissexualidade
16.
Trauma Violence Abuse ; 24(4): 2130-2142, 2023 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35435063

RESUMO

Bisexual-identifying individuals appear to be at increased risk of experiencing intimate partner violence (IPV) compared to people of other sexualities. The purpose of this systematic scoping review was to examine risk and protective factors for the perpetration of IPV against bisexual victims and to provide a preliminary quality assessment of the included studies. A systematic search of academic and grey literature was conducted in February 2021. Inclusion criteria specified that study participants identified as bisexual, that the study examined risk or protective factors for IPV, and that findings were disaggregated by sexual identity. All potentially eligible references were independently screened by two reviewers, and conflicts settled by a third reviewer. Nine articles published between 2013 and 2021 met criteria for inclusion. Data extraction was completed for all included studies, and findings presented in a narrative synthesis. The review identified a number of risk factors, including bisexual identity, internalised homophobia, discrimination, partner gender, negative childhood experiences and non-monogamy. One study included consideration of a potentially protective factor. The majority of the included studies were cross-sectional in design. More longitudinal studies are needed to clarify temporality of the associations identified and better inform support and prevention efforts. Further implications for future research, policies and practise are discussed.


Assuntos
Violência por Parceiro Íntimo , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero , Humanos , Fatores de Proteção , Comportamento Sexual , Violência por Parceiro Íntimo/prevenção & controle , Bissexualidade , Fatores de Risco
17.
Curr Opin Psychol ; 49: 101501, 2023 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36473377

RESUMO

This article provides a critical review of recent research about bisexual men. It foregrounds research dedicated to this group, rather than when bisexual men are included in a broader study, providing a rationale for the importance of doing this. The review finds that there is still a preponderance of research on bisexual men focused on experiences of stigma and discrimination, often from a public health perspective or with a focus on negative health outcomes. Social science research explores disclosure of bisexual identity, with evidence of widespread stigma but also positive experiences of disclosure. Bisexual men have diverse experiences of romantic relationship, with the gender and sexuality of the partner influencing relationship dynamics. Research also highlights sexual health issues, including difficulties in accessing healthcare. The review shows that further research is needed into this understudied population.


Assuntos
Comportamento Sexual , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero , Masculino , Humanos , Bissexualidade , Identidade de Gênero , Estigma Social
18.
Palliat Med ; 37(4): 460-474, 2023 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36475950

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer/questioning (LGBTQ+) individuals experience discrimination throughout the care continuum, including during serious illness and at end of life. High-quality palliative care requires that health professionals deliver individualized services that reflect the needs, experiences, and preferences of LGBTQ+ persons. AIM: To identify and appraise existing evidence related to the needs, experiences, and preferences for palliative and end of life care among LGBTQ+ individuals with serious illness. DESIGN: Data-based convergent synthesis design reported per the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines. DATA SOURCES: PubMed, Embase, Cochrane CENTRAL, PsycINFO, CINAHL, and Scopus from January 1, 2010 to November 6, 2020. RESULTS: Of 4875 results captured, 69 articles underwent full-text review and 13 were retained for analysis. Most studies were from North America with trans individuals represented in 10 of 13 studies. Needs (n = 6) included increased social support, institutional safety, economic and legal supports, and advocacy to mitigate health barriers.Experiences (n = 12) were driven by fear and worry associated with discrimination/stigma,providers' hetero-/cisnormative assumptions, homophobia and transphobia, social isolation, and an undignified death. Preferences (n = 6) pertained to inclusion of chosen families in decision-making, disclosure of LGBTQ+ identity based on safety of the clinical environment, and a desire to maintain autonomy. CONCLUSIONS: The robustness of the science has improved regarding the needs, experiences, and preferences of trans individuals. Actionable, inclusive policies coupled with sustained and integrated cultural sensitivity training for health workers are mandatory. Interventional research is critical to enhance tailored palliative care for LGBTQ+ people and their chosen families.


Assuntos
Cuidados Paliativos na Terminalidade da Vida , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero , Assistência Terminal , Feminino , Humanos , Comportamento Sexual , Cuidados Paliativos
19.
Cult Health Sex ; 25(6): 711-727, 2023 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35900926

RESUMO

Analysing survey data from 1,304 LGBTQ + young people in Australia collected in 2016, this paper considers key distinctions between the experiences of bisexual and pansexual participants, and lesbian and gay participants in relation to social media use and aspects of connection, harassment and mental health. Presenting quantitative data, illustrated by qualitative extracts, we found broad similarities in motivations for using social media and how participants connected to peers and communities. There were some statistically significant differences, however, in respondents' motivations for using social media and who they connected with on these platforms. Importantly, bisexual and pansexual participants reported more negative experiences of harassment and exclusion across all major social media platforms when compared to their lesbian and gay peers. Bisexual and pansexual respondents also reported poorer mental health experiences. These findings speak to the different impacts of discrimination and oppression that young people experience in everyday life. There is a need for focused attention on bisexual and pansexual young people in academic, policy and youth-work domains. Young people will benefit from more substantial school-based education on LGBTQ + identities - beyond the experiences of gay and lesbian people - to 'usualise' varieties of difference in gender and sexual identity.


Assuntos
Homossexualidade Feminina , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero , Mídias Sociais , Feminino , Adolescente , Humanos , Saúde Mental , Bissexualidade/psicologia , Homossexualidade Feminina/psicologia
20.
Rev Rene (Online) ; 24: e83147, 2023.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1449068

RESUMO

RESUMO Objetivo investigar as ações de enfermeiros a mulheres lésbicas e bissexuais no contexto da Política Nacional de Saúde Integral de Lésbicas, Gays, Bissexuais, Travestis e Transexuais. Métodos estudo qualitativo, que envolveu 25 enfermeiros da Estratégia Saúde da Família por meio de contato eletrônico. Foi aplicado formulário contendo dados sociodemográficos e investigação de ações na assistência à saúde. Adotou-se análise de conteúdo temática. Resultados constataram-se ações de capacitação profissional, acolhimento de demandas e fortalecimento do trabalho interprofissional. Contudo, evidenciou-se falta de conhecimento referente à assistência à saúde direcionada a mulheres lésbicas e bissexuais. Conclusão percebe-se a permanência de preconceitos, dificuldades de acesso, baixa assiduidade de mulheres lésbicas e bissexuais nos serviços de saúde, déficit de apoio ao desenvolvimento de ações de saúde e ausência de monitoramento. Contribuições para a prática: destaca-se a importância científica, profissional e social, que atenta para a necessidade de humanizar o cuidado às mulheres lésbicas e bissexuais, servindo como material de apoio para pesquisadores e profissionais de enfermagem e possibilitando direcionar a atenção para um cuidado holístico e integral a estas mulheres, além de servir como fomento para estudos comparativos.


ABSTRACT Objective to investigate the actions of nurses in regard to lesbian and bisexual women in the context of the National Policy for the Integral Health of Lesbians, Gays, Bisexuals, Cross-Dressers and Transgender Persons. Methods qualitative study involving 25 nurses from the Family Health Strategy, contacted via electronic means. We applied a form containing sociodemographic data and an investigation of actions in primary health care, as well as a thematic content analysis. Results we found there are professional capacitation activities, embracing of demands, and enhanced interprofessional work. Nonetheless, there were shortcomings in the knowledge regarding health care towards lesbian and bisexual women. Conclusion there are still prejudices, difficulty to access, and little attendance of lesbian and bisexual women in health services, as well as a deficit in the support to health actions and lack of monitoring. Contributions to practice: the importance of the scientific, professional, and social experiences stand out, regarding the need to humanize the care to lesbian and bisexual women. It is a supporting material for researchers and nursing professionals, enabling them to direct their care to a holistic and integral care to be provided to these women, in addition to being an encouragement to further comparative studies.


Assuntos
Atenção Primária à Saúde , Bissexualidade , Homossexualidade Feminina , Cuidados de Enfermagem
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