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1.
Front Public Health ; 12: 1387976, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38983262

RESUMO

Introduction: Among clinical healthcare personnel, nurses face the highest proportion of workplace violence, which has a significant impact on their physical and mental well-being as well as their personal and professional lives. However, little is known about the effects of workplace violence on inexperienced breastfeeding nurses and their experiences during and after breastfeeding when they return to work. This study aimed to explore the experiences of inexperienced breastfeeding nurses who encountered workplace violence and its resulting impacts. Methods: This study employed a descriptive qualitative design. Semi-structured in-depth interviews were conducted with 20 nurses working in various positions and departments at three tertiary hospitals. Purposive and maximum variation sampling techniques were employed. The interview data were analyzed using Colaizzi's method, and the research findings were reported according to Consolidated Criteria for Reporting Qualitative Studies (COREQ)standards. Results: Inferences regarding workplace violence and risks for inexperienced breastfeeding nurses included physical labor (such as lifting heavy objects and performing cardiopulmonary resuscitation), conflicts, inadequate job skills, role confusion, occupational exposure risks, patient violence, and pressure from older adults. An inductive thematic investigation revealed the "Challenges faced during breastfeeding," "Conflicting professional and family roles," "Out of balance," and "Coping strategies." Conclusion: Inexperienced breastfeeding nurses experience several negative consequences due to workplace violence. Therefore, it is essential to plan and implement preventive strategies and management programs that specifically target workplace violence among inexperienced breastfeeding nurses.


Assuntos
Aleitamento Materno , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Violência no Trabalho , Humanos , Feminino , Adulto , Violência no Trabalho/psicologia , Violência no Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos , Aleitamento Materno/psicologia , Entrevistas como Assunto , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/psicologia , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem Hospitalar/psicologia , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem Hospitalar/estatística & dados numéricos , Lactação/psicologia , Local de Trabalho/psicologia
2.
Acta Med Port ; 37(7-8): 564, 2024 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38950620
3.
Women Birth ; 37(4): 101634, 2024 Jun 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38906086

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander (referred to hereafter as Aboriginal) women breastfeed at lower rates than non-Aboriginal women, and rates vary across and within Aboriginal populations. AIM: To determine rates of breastfeeding initiation and maintenance and compare individually collected survey data with existing routinely collected state and national breastfeeding data for Aboriginal women. METHODS: CINAHL, Medline, EMBASE, SCOPUS, PsycINFO, and the Cochrane library were searched for peer-reviewed literature published between 1995 and 2021. Quantitative studies written in English and reporting breastfeeding for Aboriginal women or women having an Aboriginal infant were included. Screening and quality assessment included co-screening 10 % of papers. Two reviewers completed data extraction. A proportional meta-analysis was undertaken for breastfeeding initiation and narrative data synthesis used to summarise breastfeeding maintenance. FINDINGS: The initial search identified 12,091 records, with 31 full text studies retrieved, and 27 reports from 22 studies met inclusion criteria. Breastfeeding initiation was 79 % (95 % CI 0.73, 0.85), however, rates were lower than non-Aboriginal women. Maintenance ranged between one week and five years. Rates and definitions varied significantly between studies, with inconsistencies in government collection and reporting of breastfeeding. CONCLUSION: Significant variation in definitions and reporting make comparisons difficult. Breastfeeding rates were below recommended targets. Future pattern and trend analyses require standardised measures and definitions. Current collection and reporting of breastfeeding data, particularly routinely collected state-based data, is inadequate to present an accurate picture of current breastfeeding in Australia for Aboriginal women and infants, and to effectively inform interventions and policies.

4.
Nurse Educ Pract ; 78: 104033, 2024 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38905959

RESUMO

AIMS: To assess the effect of the education programme on three constructs of health visitors' breastfeeding support: knowledge, self-efficacy and action competence. Furthermore, the study aimed to confirm the factor structure of these three constructs. BACKGROUND: Health professionals are key in supporting breastfeeding women but studies report gaps in health professionals' breastfeeding support knowledge and competences. The present intervention study aimed to strengthen the breastfeeding support of families to improve breastfeeding rates. Health visitors received an interactive education programme to enhance their breastfeeding support knowledge, self-efficacy and action competence, including e-learning and a two-day course of lectures, role plays and discussions. DESIGN: A pre- and post-test study was applied in a cluster randomised trial METHODS: Cluster units were Danish municipal health visiting programmes, randomised by stratifying for region and annual births per cluster. Health visitors from 21 clusters (11 intervention, 10 control) participated. The knowledge, self-efficacy and action competence were assessed in self-reported questionnaires before and after education (n=368; intervention n=176, control n=196). To analyse the effects, the intention-to-treat principle and linear mixed models were applied. Confirmatory Factor Analysis was used to confirm the factor structures of the hypothesised knowledge, self-efficacy and action competence constructs. RESULTS: 158 health visitors in the control arm and 157 in the intervention arm completed the baseline questionnaire and were analysed in intention-to-treat analyses. 125 and 116, respectively, completed the follow-up questionnaire and were analysed in sensitivity analyses. Health visitors in both trial arms had high levels of self-efficacy and action competence at baseline. Mean treatment effect of the education programme was 0.5 points (CI95 % 0.1-0.8) for knowledge, 2.4 points (CI95 % 1.6-3.3) for self-efficacy and 1.4 points (CI95 % 0.7-2.0) for action competence. The factor structure of the items used to measure knowledge, self-efficacy and action competence were confirmed. CONCLUSIONS: The education programme improved the self-reported breastfeeding support knowledge, self-efficacy and action competence of health visitors. The factor structures of the instruments used to measure effects were confirmed by confirmatory factor analysis. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Clinical Trials: NCT05311631. First posted April 5, 2022.


Assuntos
Aleitamento Materno , Enfermeiros de Saúde Comunitária , Humanos , Aleitamento Materno/psicologia , Feminino , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto , Enfermeiros de Saúde Comunitária/educação , Dinamarca , Autoeficácia , Análise por Conglomerados , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Masculino , Apoio Social , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
5.
Clin Exp Pediatr ; 67(7): 358-367, 2024 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38902920

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) rate in Indonesia is lower than expected. Among the key factors affecting breastfeeding practices, paternal support has been suggested. PURPOSE: To explore the role of paternal support in EBF failure among 3-month-old infants. METHODS: This sequential mixed-methods study, part of an ongoing cohort study in West Java in early 2022, included 225 infants. The parents of 3-month-old infants were interviewed. Paternal support was assessed using a 15-point validated questionnaire for a total score of 15-60 points. Multivariate binary regression was used to determine adjusted odds ratios (aORs). The qualitative exploration was based on in-depth interviews (IDIs) and forum group discussions (FGDs) following the quantitative survey. RESULTS: Of the 225 infants, 52.2% were no longer EBF. High paternal support (greater than the mean score) of breastfeeding was determined in 52.9% of cases (mean± standard deviation, 38.7±6.7 for the overall population vs. 37.5±6.3 and 40.2±6.8 for infants who were and were not EBF at 3 months of age, respectively). Low paternal support was associated with an increased EBF failure rate (aOR, 2.84; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.46-5.54). Other variables that remained as predictors in the final model were a low birth rate (aOR, 7.35; 95% CI, 1.73-31.20), negative maternal attitude (aOR, 3.31; 95% CI, 1.63-6.75), lower self-efficacy (aOR, 4.82; 95% CI, 2.43-9.57), and lower maternal education level (aOR, 2.87; 95% CI, 1.03- 8.03). The IDIs and FGD observed the importance of the father's support of the mother and EBF. The qualitative exploration revealed a lack of knowledge about EBF as a parental support barrier. CONCLUSION: Paternal support is important for EBF. Paternal involvement in EBF planning encouraged themother to continue. Plans that include fathers in breastfeeding education may help increase paternal support.

6.
J Korean Acad Nurs ; 54(2): 224-236, 2024 May.
Artigo em Coreano | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38863190

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study aimed to evaluate the effects of a mobile-based breastfeeding promotion program (M-BFGDM) that helps mothers with gestational diabetes. METHODS: Forty-seven mothers participated in the study, of whom 22 were in the experimental group and 25 in the control group. To verify the effects, a lag design before and after the non-equivalence control group was used. The data collection for the experimental group was done before and after the intervention. RESULTS: In the results, breastfeeding knowledge showed a significant difference in the interaction between measurement period and group (χ² = 8.14, p = .017), whereas breastfeeding intention did not show a significant difference in the interaction (χ² = 4.73, p = .094). There was no difference in self-efficacy interaction (F = 0.13, p = .856). The breastfeeding method showed no difference in interaction (F = 0.04, p = .952), whereas cross-analysis showed a significant difference in breastfeeding practice rate between the experimental group and the control group at 1 month postpartum (χ² = 7.59, p = .006). CONCLUSION: A mobile-based breastfeeding promotion program was developed and applied for gestational diabetic mothers, resulting in an increase in breastfeeding knowledge and an improvement in breastfeeding practice rate one month after childbirth. In addition, M-BFGDM managed to create a breastfeeding practice environment with fewer time and place restrictions. A program study that complements motivation is needed to improve breastfeeding in pregnant diabetic mothers in the future.


Assuntos
Aleitamento Materno , Diabetes Gestacional , Promoção da Saúde , Mães , Desenvolvimento de Programas , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , Autoeficácia , Humanos , Feminino , Gravidez , Adulto , Mães/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Aplicativos Móveis
7.
Cardiol Young ; : 1-9, 2024 May 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38738385

RESUMO

Human milk improves neurodevelopment for preterm infants, but relationships between human milk and neurodevelopment for infants with critical CHD are unknown. We aimed to (1) explore associations between human milk/direct breastfeeding and neurodevelopment at 1-year and 2-year follow-up and (2) describe patterns of human milk (maternal, donor) and commercial formula during hospitalisation in the first year of life.This retrospective cohort study included infants who underwent surgery for CHD < 6 months old. The primary outcome was neurodevelopment via Bayley Scales of Infant Development-IV. Analysis included adjusted linear regression for associations between exclusive human milk while inpatient during the first 6 months or any direct breastfeeding while inpatient during the first year of life and 1-year Bayley-IV scores. Models were adjusted for race, insurance type, genetic diagnosis, and length of stay.Of 98 eligible infants, 40% followed up at 1 year; 27% at 2 years. There were differences in follow-up related to demographics (race, ethnicity) and social determinants of health (insurance type, distance from clinic). In adjusted models, infants who directly breastfed had 13.18 points higher cognition (95% CI: 0.84-25.53, p = 0.037); 14.04 points higher language (2.55-25.53, p = 0.018); and 15.80 points higher motor scores (3.27-28.34, p = 0.015) at 1-year follow-up. Infants fed exclusive human milk had 12.64 points higher cognition scores (-0.53-25.82, p = 0.059).Future investigation into nutrition and neurodevelopment in the context of critical CHD is warranted. As neurodevelopmental follow-up becomes standard of care in this population, efforts are needed to mitigate disparities in access to this care.

8.
J Pediatr Nurs ; 77: e458-e464, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38729893

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding technique is a combination of positioning, attachment, and breast milk suckling. Breastfeeding problems are caused by incorrect breastfeeding practices, which lead to premature discontinuation of breastfeeding. Therefore, this study aimed to determine the proportion of breastfeeding techniques and associated factors among lactating primiparous mothers during the postpartum period in the Debre Markos town health facility in 2021. METHODS: An institutional-based cross-sectional study was conducted from November 1st to December 30, 2021. A systematic sampling technique was utilized to select study participants. An observational checklist developed by WHO and an interviewer-administered questionnaire were used to collect data from 409 mothers. The collected data were entered into Epi-Data version 4.6.0.4 statistical software and then exported to SPSS version 24.0 for cleaning and analysis. Binary and multivariable logistic regression was carried out to identify the factors associated with the practice of effective breastfeeding techniques. A variable that has a p-value of ≤0.2 was transferred to a multivariable for further analysis. The strength of association was identified using an adjusted odds ratio with a 95% confidence interval, and a p-value <0.05 was taken as statistically significant. RESULTS: The proportion of practicing effective breastfeeding techniques among lactating primipara mothers was 29.1% (CI: 24.7, 33.3). Baby aged ≥29 days, mothers who were living in urban, mothers who attended college or higher education, mothers who have heard about BFT practices, mothers who received counseling on BFT after delivery, and mothers whose breast nipples had everted were variables that were significantly associated with the practice of effective breastfeeding techniques. CONCLUSION: The findings of this study revealed that the practice of effective breastfeeding techniques among lactating primipara mothers was lower in the study area. Therefore, healthcare providers should have to counsel mothers on how to position and attach their infants during breastfeeding. PRACTICE IMPLICATION: The provision of breast-feeding method counseling to nursing mothers is one way to enhance the practices of breast feeding.


Assuntos
Aleitamento Materno , Lactação , Humanos , Feminino , Aleitamento Materno/estatística & dados numéricos , Etiópia , Estudos Transversais , Adulto , Lactação/fisiologia , Período Pós-Parto , Mães/psicologia , Mães/estatística & dados numéricos , Recém-Nascido , Adulto Jovem , Inquéritos e Questionários , Paridade , Gravidez
9.
Heliyon ; 10(9): e30687, 2024 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38765080

RESUMO

The prevalence of distraction among breastfeeding mothers is on the rise, primarily attributed to the escalating use of media technologies. This study aimed to assess the influence of family-oriented counselling on the continuity of breastfeeding in mothers experiencing distractions. This randomized controlled trial included 120 eligible lactating mothers who accessed postpartum services at comprehensive health centers in Zanjan, a city in northwest Iran from August 21, 2022 to May 10, 2023. Participants were assigned to two groups through block randomization with a block size of four. The intervention group received Family-Oriented Counselling in three sessions at weekly intervals, and the control group received standard postpartum care. The study measured outcomes using the Maternal Distraction Questionnaire and breastfeeding patterns before, monthly, and up to 4 months after counselling. Data analysis employed statistical methods, including the Chi-square test, independent t-test, repeated measures ANOVA, and the Kaplan-Meier method, with a significance level set at P < 0.05. The results showed that the continuation of exclusive breastfeeding was 33 (55 %) in the intervention group and 21 (35 %) in the control group. This difference was statistically significant (p = 0.001). The reduction in distraction scores over time was more pronounced in the intervention group compared to the control group. The between-group effect was found to be statistically significant with an eta effect size of 0.73 (p = 0.001). In conclusion, the study suggests that the implementation of a family-centered intervention was effective in promoting the continuation of breastfeeding and reducing maternal distractions both during breastfeeding and non-breastfeeding activities. This approach proves to be a valuable step in enhancing the health of both mother and child. The findings underscore the importance of considering such interventions in health policymaking.

10.
J Ethnobiol Ethnomed ; 20(1): 46, 2024 May 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38693532

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Food taboos and cultural beliefs among pregnant and breast-feeding women influence their food consumption patterns and hence the health of women and unborn children. Cognizant of their neglect in programs aimed to ameliorate hidden hunger among pregnant and breast-feeding women in Buyende and other resource-poor communities in sub-Saharan Africa, we opted for a study to unravel them to inform program design. METHODS: We documented food taboos and beliefs amongst pregnant and breast-feeding women from six sub-counties of Buyende district in Eastern Uganda. A mixed-methods approach was used, which was comprised of questionnaire interviews with 462 women, eight focus group discussions with 6-10 participants in each and a total of 15 key informant interviews. RESULTS: The present study revealed that 129 (27.9%) of the respondents practice food taboos and adhere to cultural beliefs related to their dietary habits during pregnancy and breast-feeding that are fuelling the prevalence of hidden hunger. The most tabooed foods during pregnancy were sugarcane (17.8%), fishes which included lung fish, catfish and the Lake Victoria sardine (Rastrineobola argentea) (15.2%), oranges (6.6%), pineapples (5.9%), eggs (3.3%), chicken (3.3%) and cassava, mangoes and Cleome gynandra (each at 3%). Most foods were avoided for reasons associated with pregnancy and labour complications and undesirable effects on the baby. Most women learnt of the taboos and beliefs from the elders, their own mother, grandparents or mother-in-law, but there was also knowledge transmission in social groups within the community. CONCLUSIONS: The taboos and cultural beliefs in the study area render pregnant and breast-feeding women prone to micronutrient deficiency since they are denied consumption of a diversity of nutritious foods. There is a need to educate such women about consumption of nutrient-rich foods like fish, eggs, fruits and vegetables in order to improve their health, that of the unborn and children being breast fed. Additionally, culturally appropriate nutrition education may be a good strategy to eliminate inappropriate food taboos and beliefs with negative impact on the health of pregnant and breast-feeding women.


Assuntos
Aleitamento Materno , Fome , Tabu , Humanos , Feminino , Aleitamento Materno/psicologia , Gravidez , Uganda , Adulto , Adulto Jovem , Cultura , Comportamento Alimentar/psicologia , Adolescente , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Dieta
11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38729392

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Breastfeeding is critical for offspring health and development. Although many observational studies report a protective effect between breastfeeding and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), the relationship is not well-understood. METHODS: We used prospectively collected data from 3 population-based birth cohorts (Danish National Birth Cohort, Norwegian Mother, Father, and Child Cohort, and All Babies in Southeast Sweden) and cross-linked national registers to ascertain the impact of breastfeeding duration on offspring IBD risk in each country, using adjusted Cox proportional regression analyses. We performed meta-analyses to determine pooled estimates. RESULTS: We included 148,737 offspring and 169,510 offspring in analyses of exclusive and any breastfeeding duration, respectively. During median follow-up of 16.3-22.3 years, between 1996 and 2021, 543 offspring were diagnosed with IBD. In each country, there was no association between exclusive breastfeeding duration and offspring IBD risk after adjusting for birth year (Denmark), offspring sex, parental IBD status, maternal education, smoking during pregnancy, age at delivery, mode of delivery, preterm birth, and small for gestational age. The pooled adjusted hazard ratio for IBD was 1.24 (95% confidence interval, 0.94-1.62; Q = 0.16, I2 = 0.0%) and 1.02 (95% confidence interval, 0.85-1.21; Q = 1.45, I 2= 0.0%) among offspring breastfed exclusively for ≥6 months and <4 months, respectively, compared with 4-5 months. Similarly, we found null associations in pooled analyses of any breastfeeding duration and IBD, subtypes Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis, as well as in cohort-specific analyses. CONCLUSIONS: In prospectively collected data from 3 population-based birth cohorts, the duration of exclusive or any breastfeeding was not associated with offspring IBD risk.

12.
Korean J Fam Med ; 2024 Apr 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38644643

RESUMO

Background: This study explored the approaches of Jordanian community pharmacists to identifying and counseling breastfeeding mothers regarding medication usage. Methods: This cross-sectional study used self-administered questionnaires. A convenience sample (n=381) of Jordanian community pharmacists was recruited through social media. The responses were statistically analyzed using IBM SPSS ver. 25.0 (IBM Corp., USA). Results: The majority of recruited pharmacists were female (n=329, 86.4%). Asking every woman was Jordanian pharmacists' preferred approach to identifying breastfeeding women (n=211, 55.4%). The study showed that around one-third of the pharmacists (n=128, 33.6%) reported that they currently experienced queries regarding medication use during breastfeeding on a daily basis. Additionally, the majority (n=325, 85.3%) of pharmacists reported feeling confident, and 67.2% of them (n=256) reported feeling comfortable while giving advice to breastfeeding women. The surveyed pharmacists relied on different resources during their course of practice to answer queries related to medicine usage by breastfeeding mothers. Conclusion: Community pharmacists have continuous interactions with breastfeeding women. Pharmacists require reliable and updated data access to answer queries related to medication use while breastfeeding.

15.
Arch Public Health ; 82(1): 55, 2024 Apr 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38654339

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The breast cancer is common cancer in women globally. The risk of breast cancer is strongly associated with women's menstrual and reproductive factors that have been established in different countries. Therefore present study was aim to explore the association between menstrual and reproductive factors and the risk of breast cancer screening in Indian women. METHODS: The present study data has been used fifth round of the National Family Health Survey (NFHS-V) with 724,115 women in aged 15-49 in 2019-21. The self-reported ever screened of breast cancer for women aged 30-49 was the main outcome variable of the study. Logistic regression models were used to estimate odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals for breast cancer by menstrual and reproductive factors adjusted for potential confounders. RESULTS: Late menarche (OR = 2.20, 95% CI: 1.48-3.28), irregular menstrual cycle (OR = 1.29, 95% CI: 1.08-3.53)), delay age at first birth (OR = 1.93, 95% CI: 1.11-3.04) and contraceptive pill used (OR = 1.11, 95% CI: 0.74-2.10) were significantly associated to increases the uptake of screening breast cancer. While, a higher number of birth (OR = 0.52, 95% CI: 0.10-1.03), and long duration of breast-feeding practice (OR = 0.75, 95% CI: 0.63-0.91) were reduced to participate for screening breast cancer. CONCLUSION: The results of the study confirm the role of menstrual and reproductive factors in breast cancer in Indian women. Therefore, our findings are imperative for developing breast cancer prevention strategies and better preparedness. Creating awareness and providing knowledge on cancer could be key strategies for the reduction of breast cancer in Indian reproductive age group women.

16.
Nutr Res ; 125: 91-100, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38565002

RESUMO

The quality of a mother's diet is important to ensure child growth and development and keep women healthy. This systematic review aimed to identify the outcomes of a carbohydrate-restricted diet during lactation. PubMed, EMBASE, Scopus, Web of Science, and LILACS were searched for studies published between 2012 and 2023; 16 studies were selected, all of them case reports or care series. The carbohydrate restriction described in the papers mainly was ketogenic, low-carb, low-carbohydrate and high-fat, and modified ketogenic diets. The main goal of women undertaking these diets was weight loss, with therapeutic purposes (monitored and supervised by health professionals) in only 2 cases: (1) ketogenic diet therapy for treatment of seizures in the infant and (2) to reduce symptoms of mother's gastroesophageal reflux. Most articles reported that lactating women were hospitalized, experiencing symptoms such as vomiting, muscle weakness, nausea, abdominal pain, general malaise, and fatigue. However, articles did not mention poor outcomes for the infants. Most of the studies in this review were published in the past 3 years, indicating a possible increase in cases of women practicing carbohydrate restriction during lactation for weight loss caused by body dissatisfaction. In conclusion, carbohydrate restriction during lactation may be harmful to the lactating woman and contribute to the state of lactational ketoacidosis, but infant outcomes are mainly a change in feeding patterns. Thus, education on food and nutrition is necessary for this population.


Assuntos
Dieta com Restrição de Carboidratos , Lactação , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Aleitamento Materno , Dieta Cetogênica , Carboidratos da Dieta/administração & dosagem , Cetose , Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Nutrição Materna , Redução de Peso
17.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 122(2): e202310083, abr. 2024. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1537206

RESUMO

Objetivos: el objetivo de este estudio fue comparar la lactancia y los factores relacionados (edad, nivel educativo, edad al momento del primer embarazo, etc.) y las prácticas de alimentación complementaria de las madres refugiadas sirias y las madres turcas. Materiales y métodos: este estudio descriptivo y comparativo analizó las características nutricionales de los bebés de 9 a 60 meses de edad cuyas madres fueran turcas o refugiadas sirias que asistieron al Hospital Público de Kiziltepe entre enero y julio de 2022. Resultados: se incluyó a 204 madres (126 turcas y 78 sirias). La edad promedio de las madres turcas era 27,60 ± 5,17 años y la de las refugiadas sirias, 28,91 ± 5,62 años, sin una diferencia significativa entre ambos grupos (p: 0,091). La lactancia materna posparto fue del 91,3 % y la duración de la lactancia fue de 12 meses (0-24) en las ciudadanas turcas, mientras que, en las refugiadas sirias, fue del 84,6 % y 9 meses (0-24), respectivamente (consumo de leche materna, p: 0,144; tiempo de consumo, p: 0,161; sin diferencias estadísticas). El 23,8 % de las ciudadanas turcas y el 5,1 % de las refugiadas sirias recibieron capacitación sobre la lactancia, con una diferencia significativa entre ambos grupos (p: 0,001). Conclusión: en los grupos de refugiadas, las prácticas de nutrición infantil y materna se ven alteradas. En colaboración con las organizaciones locales e internacionales y los organismos estatales que ayudan a los grupos de refugiados se podrían mejorar las prácticas de nutrición maternoinfantil y reducir las brechas.


Objectives: The purpose of this study was to compare breastfeeding and related factors (age, level of education, age at first pregnancy, etc.), and complementary feeding practices between Syrian refugee and native Turkish mothers. Material and methods: This descriptive-comparative study examined the nutritional characteristics of infants aged 9 to 60 months whose mothers were Turkish or Syrian refugees who attended Kiziltepe State Hospital between January 2022 and July 2022. Results: 204 mothers (126 Turkish and 78 Syrian) who had a child aged 9-60 months were included. The average age of the mothers was 27.60 ± 5.17 years for Turkish citizens and 28.91 ± 5.62 for Syrian refugees, without significant difference between the two groups (p: 0.091). Postpartum breastfeeding was 91.3% and breastfeeding duration was 12 (0-24) months in Turkish citizens; in Syrian refugees, breastfeeding was 84.6% and average breastfeeding time was 9 (0- 24) months (respectively, breast milk intake p: 0.144, uptake time p: 0.161; no statistical difference). Breastfeeding training was received by 23.8% of Turkish citizens and 5.1% of Syrian refugees; there was a significant difference between the two groups (p: 0.001). Conclusion: In refugee groups, infant and maternal nutrition practices are disrupted. Working in conjunction with local and international organizations and state agencies that give help to refugee groups, the appropriate interventions, initiatives, supports, and awareness-raising activities would strive to improve practices in mother and baby nutrition and narrow gaps.


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Recém-Nascido , Lactente , Adulto , Adulto Jovem , Refugiados , Mães/educação , Síria , Aleitamento Materno , Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Nutrição do Lactente
18.
Matern Health Neonatol Perinatol ; 10(1): 6, 2024 Mar 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38433275

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Perinatal mental health, such as postpartum depression, is an important issue that can threaten the lives of women and children. It is essential to understand the risk factors in advance and intervene before they can lead to postnatal depression. The risk factors of postpartum depression are reported to vary considerably in Japan. This study aimed to evaluate the risk factors for women with high Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) scores and to find women who may need our intervention to prevent postpartum depression. METHODS: This was a retrospective observational study conducted at a single center. At the one-month check-up after birth, the EPDS test was performed in 1625 women who gave birth at our hospital from 2008 to 2016. We evaluated maternal, birth, neonatal and social factors and the breastfeeding status from medical records. Thereafter, we examined the factors that contributed to a high EPDS score. RESULTS: There were 284 women in the high-score group with an EPDS of ≥ 9, and 1341 women in the low-score group with an EPDS score ≤ of 8. Maternal mental disorders and neonatal transport were significantly associated with high EPDS scores. Conversely, exclusive breastfeeding was significantly associated with the low-score EPDS group. CONCLUSIONS: The principal factor for high EPDS scores was a mental disease. Based on this result, we suggest that early intervention in women at high risk for postpartum depression could prevent serious consequences such as abuse and suicide.

19.
Eur J Cancer ; 202: 114010, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38520926

RESUMO

The treatment landscape of solid tumors has changed markedly in the last years. Molecularly targeted treatments and immunotherapies have been implemented and have, in many cancers, lowered the risk of relapse and prolonged survival. Patients with tumors harboring specific targetable molecular alterations or mutations are often of a younger age, and hence future fertility and family building can be important concerns in this group. However, there are great uncertainties regarding the effect of the new drugs on reproductive functions, including fertility, pregnancy and lactation and how young patients with cancers, both women and men should be advised. The goal with this review is to gather the current knowledge regarding oncofertility and the different novel therapies, including immune checkpoint inhibitors, antibody-drug conjugates, small molecules and monoclonal antibody targeted therapies. The specific circumstances and reproductive concerns in different patient groups where novel treatments have been broadly introduced are also discussed, including those with melanoma, lung, breast, colorectal and gynecological cancers. It is clear, that more awareness is needed regarding potential drug toxicity on reproductive tissues, and it is of essence that individuals are informed based on current expertise and on available fertility preservation methods.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos , Preservação da Fertilidade , Melanoma , Masculino , Gravidez , Humanos , Feminino , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/tratamento farmacológico , Fertilidade , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Melanoma/tratamento farmacológico
20.
Am J Emerg Med ; 80: 1-7, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38461649

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Emergency Medicine (EM) physicians routinely treat breastfeeding patients. Physicians frequently recommend pumping and dumping milk for perceived safety risks. We hypothesized that the majority of the most commonly ordered medications in the emergency department (ED) are safe for breastfeeding patients. Accordingly, we performed a comprehensive safety analysis of the commonly ordered medications and provided an algorithm for EM physicians to utilize when treating breastfeeding patient in the ED. METHODS: We investigated the 90 most administered medications to female patients between the ages of 15 to 50 for common ED chief complaints at a tertiary care academic medical center from January 2018 to December 2022. A total of 145,960 doses were analyzed. We subsequently searched LactMed®, InfantRisk Application, and Pubmed® for all safety information on these medications and divided them by categories. Ultimately, we proposed a treatment algorithm for breastfeeding patients in the ED. RESULTS: Analgesics were the most commonly ordered medications in the ED, and importantly analgesics ranging from ibuprofen to morphine are safe in limited doses in the ED setting. Antibiotics and antifungals pose limited restrictions. All systems-based medications have a variety of safe options available. Lastly, supplements and electrolytes are safe. CONCLUSION: The majority of medications utilized in the acute setting are compatible with breastfeeding. There should be limited circumstances to advise pumping and dumping in the ED.


Assuntos
Aleitamento Materno , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Humanos , Feminino , Adulto , Adolescente , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem , Algoritmos , Analgésicos/efeitos adversos , Analgésicos/uso terapêutico , Antibacterianos/efeitos adversos , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico
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