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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36123255

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Improved patient safety (PS) in cosmetic breast surgery relies upon high-quality evidence. The objective of this study was to systematically review the existing evidence for PS and quality improvement (QI) in cosmetic breast surgery. METHODS: A systematic review of published plastic surgery literature from 1965 to 2021 was undertaken through a computerized search following PRISMA guidelines. Publication descriptors, methodological details, and overall results were extracted. Articles were assessed for methodological quality using either the MINORS, Cochrane ROB2, or AMSTAR 2 instrument depending on the type of study. RESULTS: Sixty studies were included. Most studies were retrospective, and 43.3 percent were from the 3rd level of evidence. Overall, the scientific quality was moderate, with randomized controlled trials and non-comparative non-randomized studies generally being rated of higher quality. Studies investigating approaches to antisepsis (38.3 percent) in cosmetic breast surgery indicated conflicting opinions on prophylactic antibiotics. Studies focusing on risk factor assessment tools (8.3 percent) held possible utility in identifying high-risk patients for cosmetic surgery. Studies assessing anesthesia in cosmetic breast surgery (5 percent) demonstrated a significant benefit to tumescent local anesthesia. Drains for decreasing hematoma and seroma (8.3 percent) largely showed no benefit. CONCLUSIONS: Overall, PS and QI studies were of moderate quality and investigated numerous interventions. Our review identified a need for additional studies to decrease infection and other breast implant morbidities, specifically breast implant-associated anaplastic large cell lymphoma and capsular contracture.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36050201

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The presence of silicone particles in breast implant capsules has been observed since the 1970s. Since then, little data has been published regarding the amount of silicone that is susceptible to migrate into the capsule. Quantifying the amount of silicone migration from the implant to the capsule could inform on the level of silicone exposure a patient with breast implants may experience in the short- or long-term. The objective of this study is to present a histological quantification methodology of the number of silicone particles present in breast implant capsules. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective study was performed on capsule samples from patients requiring revision surgery. The slides were digitalized and analyzed with a viewer software. For each sample, we (1) manually counted each silicone particle, (2) measured the average particle size, (3) measured the capsule surface area, and (4) calculated the particle number density in each capsule sample. The average of all capsule samples' particle number densities was then compared to the total volume of the capsule to estimate the total number of silicone particles found within the capsule of each breast implant. RESULTS: Six capsules from six different patients were analyzed. Two capsules were from saline implants while four capsules were from silicone implants. All four silicone implant capsules contained between 352,928 and 9,002,235 silicone particles. The particle number density ranged from 20.5 to 683.5 particles per mm3 of capsule. The two saline-filled implant capsules were free of silicone particles. The average of all capsule samples' particle number densities was then compared to the total volume of the capsule to estimate the total number of silicone particles found within the capsule of each breast implant. CONCLUSIONS: We describe a new and reproducible methodology to quantify realistically the silicone particles in the periprosthetic capsule of breast implants.

3.
J Plast Surg Hand Surg ; : 1-6, 2022 Sep 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36074789

RESUMO

The issue of breast implant-associated anaplastic large cell lymphoma in 2019 has resulted in the discontinuation of textured breast implants and resumption in the use of smooth round implants. However, in the field of breast reconstruction, long-term follow-up data for direct-to-implant reconstruction using smooth round implants is insufficient. This retrospective study aimed to evaluate the long-term outcomes of breast reconstruction using smooth round implants. This study included 185 patients (208 breasts) who underwent smooth round implant-based immediate breast reconstruction between 2007 and 2018. Their demographic information and surgical and oncological data were collected. Early (within 90 days) and late (after 90 days) complications, reoperations, implant maintenance, and the survival rate were analyzed to evaluate the long-term outcomes and identify the related factors. The mean follow-up period was 112.08 months. The most common early complications were skin necrosis (9.13%) and infection (3.85%). The factors influencing the development of early complications were the mastectomy specimen weight (237.14 ± 114.84 cc and 298.04 ± 141.53 cc for no complication and any complication, respectively; p = 0.0123) and implant volume (222.79 ± 77.76 cc and 264.48 ± 89.03 cc for no complication and any complication, respectively; p = 0.0082). The most common late complication was capsular contracture (13.46%). Approximately 91.35% of the implants were maintained during the follow-up period. The factors affecting the development of early complications and implant maintenance were the mastectomy specimen weight and implant volume. This study provides information on long-term follow-up results useful in cases where only smooth round implants are available, which can then serve as a basis for future related studies.

4.
Gland Surg ; 11(8): 1333-1340, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36082096

RESUMO

Background: Implant-based reconstruction represents the most common form of breast reconstruction after mastectomy. Although the complication rate has lowered owing to the current advances, various implant-related complications are still a problem. There have been few reports discussing chest wall deformation following implant insertion. The aim of this study was to quantify chest wall depression (CWD) after breast implant insertion and identify possible risk factors. Methods: Patients who underwent unilateral direct-to-implant reconstruction were included in the study. We measured the pre- and postoperative antero-posterior length of the chest wall and used a CWD ratio to measure the change in length. Multivariate analysis was performed with factors with P values of <0.2 in univariate analyses to identify factors associated with CWD. Results: A total of 57 patients were included in this study. The pre- and postoperative difference of antero-posterior length was statistically significant using a paired t-test. Average depth of CWD was 4.16 mm (range, -2.16 to 13.82 mm). In multivariate analysis, capsular contracture and age were the independent prognostic factors correlated with CWD. Conclusions: This study showed the possibility of CWD following implant insertion. Surgeons and specialists should be aware of the possibility and risk factors of CWD following implant insertion to better inform patients.

5.
Int J Surg Case Rep ; 98: 107520, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36030763

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Breast Implant-Associated Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma (BIA-ALCL) is a rare T-cell lymphoma occurring after breast implant procedures. As gender confirmation therapy (GCT) in male-to-female transgender (FT), up to 60-70 % of patients require breast augmentation and are at risk for BIA-ALCL. Hence, we report the youngest BIA-ALCL case in the Italian population and the first early-stage BIA-ALCL occurred in FT patients. CASE PRESENTATION: A 27-years-old FT was admitted to outpatients' clinics due to swollen left breast. The patient underwent GCT with a macrotextured implant four years before. Clinical examination revealed swollen left breast. Ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging confirmed left breast periprosthetic effusion. Positron emission tomography-computed tomography scan did not reveal any focal pathological uptake. Fine needle aspiration cytology confirmed BIA-ALCL suspect. The patient underwent bilateral en bloc breast implant removal and periprosthetic capsulectomy. Due to the early stage, adjuvant chemotherapy was omitted. Postoperative follow-up was unremarkable. CLINICAL DISCUSSION: BIA-ALCL is a rare, emergent clinical concern after breast implant surgery. GCT leads to improved body satisfaction and quality of life in FT individuals. As for non-trans patients undergoing breast reconstruction or breast augmentation, this clinical case once again demonstrates that FT patients undergoing breast implant surgery are at risk of BIA-ALCL. CONCLUSION: Physicians should promote awareness among patients' GCT and tailored postoperative follow-up.

6.
Pathophysiology ; 29(3): 414-425, 2022 Jul 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35997389

RESUMO

The pathophysiological mechanisms involved in chronic disorders such as complex regional pain syndrome, fibromyalgia, chronic fatigue syndrome, silicone breast implant-related symptoms, and post-COVID syndrome have not been clearly defined. The course of the pain in some of the syndromes, the absence of evident tissue damage, and the predominance of alterations in the autonomic nervous system are shared similarities between them. The production of autoantibodies following a trigger in the syndromes was previously described, for instance, trauma in complex regional pain syndrome, infectious agents in fibromyalgia, chronic fatigue syndrome, and post-COVID syndrome, and the immune stimulation by silicone in women with breast implants. In fact, the autoantibodies produced were shown to be directed against the autonomic nervous system receptors, leading to the amplification of the perception of pain alongside various clinical symptoms seen during the clinical course of the syndromes. Therefore, we viewed autoantibodies targeting the autonomic nervous system resulting in autonomic dysfunction as likely the most comprehensive explanation of the pathophysiology of the disorders mentioned. Based on this, we aimed to introduce a new concept uniting complex regional pain syndrome, fibromyalgia, chronic fatigue syndrome, silicone breast implant-related symptoms, and post-COVID syndrome, namely "autoimmune autonomic dysfunction syndromes". Due to its etiological, pathophysiological, and clinical implications, the suggested term would be more precise in classifying the syndromes under one title. The new title would doubtlessly facilitate both laboratory and clinical studies aimed to improve diagnosis and make treatment options more directed and precise.

7.
J Surg Res ; 280: 129-150, 2022 Aug 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35969932

RESUMO

Capsular contracture is a common complication associated with breast implants following reconstructive or aesthetic surgery in which a tight or constricting scar tissue capsule forms around the implant, often distorting the breast shape and resulting in chronic pain. Capsulectomy (involving full removal of the capsule surrounding the implant) and capsulotomy (where the capsule is released and/or partly removed to create more space for the implant) are the most common surgical procedures used to treat capsular contracture. Various structural modifications of the implant device (including use of textured implants, submuscular placement of the implant, and the use of polyurethane-coated implants) and surgical strategies (including pre-operative skin washing and irrigation of the implant pocket with antibiotics) have been and/or are currently used to help reduce the incidence of capsular contracture. In this article, we review the pharmacological approaches-both commonly practiced in the clinic and experimental-reported in the scientific and clinical literature aimed at either preventing or treating capsular contracture, including (i) pre- and post-operative intravenous administration of drug substances, (ii) systemic (usually oral) administration of drugs before and after surgery, (iii) modification of the implant surface with grafted drug substances, (iv) irrigation of the implant or peri-implant tissue with drugs prior to implantation, and (v) incorporation of drugs into the implant shell or filler prior to surgery followed by drug release in situ after implantation.

8.
Semin Plast Surg ; 36(2): 89-93, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35937433

RESUMO

Rare reports linking textured breast implants to anaplastic large-cell lymphoma have generated controversies regarding their relative advantage over smooth implants. To evaluate trends in implant use in Israel, we sent a seven-item questionnaire to all active board-certified breast plastic surgeons in the country. About half responded. Approximately 60% of responders reported a moderate-to-considerable decrease in both the relative number of augmentation mammoplasty procedures and the use of implants during mastopexies in the last year. Nearly 40% had switched from textured to smooth implants to some extent. More than 40% still used textured implants for aesthetic procedures, and reconstructive procedures. Surgeons with more experience demonstrated a greater preference for smooth implants. The uncertainty regarding the safety of textured breast implants has led to a partial transition to the use of smoother implants and, importantly, to a general reduction in all breast-implant-based procedures.

9.
Arch Plast Surg ; 49(3): 373-377, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35832149

RESUMO

Currently, robot-assisted latissimus dorsi muscle flap (RLDF) surgery is used in treating patients with Poland syndrome and for breast reconstruction. However, conventional RLDF surgery has several inherent issues. We resolved the existing problems of the conventional system by introducing the da Vinci single-port system in patients with Poland syndrome. Overall, three patients underwent RLDF surgery using the da Vinci single-port system with gas insufflation. In the female patient, after performing RLDF with silicone implant, augmentation mammoplasty was also performed on the contralateral side. Both surgeries were performed as single-port robotic-assisted surgery through the transaxillary approach. The mean operating time was 449 (335-480) minutes; 8.67 (4-14) minutes were required for docking and 59 (52-67) minutes for robotic dissection and LD harvesting. No patients had perioperative complication and postoperative problems related to gas inflation. The single-port robot-assisted surgical system overcomes the drawbacks of previous robotic surgery in patients with Poland syndrome, significantly shortens the procedure time of robotic surgery, has superior cosmetic outcomes in a surgical scar, and improves the operator's convenience. Furthermore, concurrent application to another surgery demonstrates the possibility in the broad application of the robotic single-port surgical system.

10.
Arch Plast Surg ; 49(3): 352-359, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35832157

RESUMO

Background Breast augmentation with implants is the most commonly performed cosmetic plastic surgery in Brazil and worldwide. The aim of this study was to assess patient satisfaction and quality of life following subpectoral breast augmentation with either microtextured or macrotextured implants, using the BREAST-Q. Methods A prospective study was conducted with 40 women with hypomastia undergoing subpectoral breast augmentation. The patients were randomly allocated to two groups to receive either microtextured or macrotextured breast implants. All participants were assessed preoperatively (baseline) and after 2 and 4 months of surgery for quality of life and patient satisfaction with the surgical results, using the BREAST-Q augmentation module, a patient-reported outcome measure. Results The patients had a mean age of 28.9 ± 6.45 years. The microtextured ( n = 20) and macrotextured ( n = 20) groups were homogeneous for sex, age, education level, marital status, and number of children ( p > 0.05). Both groups showed significant improvement in satisfaction with breasts ( p < 0.001), psychosocial well-being ( p < 0.001), and sexual well-being ( p < 0.001) at the 2- and 4-month follow-up visits compared with baseline. The observed improvements were associated with high effect size values of 5.09, 3.44, and 3.90, respectively. In contrast, significant decreases from baseline in physical well-being scores ( p = 0.001) were found 2 and 4 weeks after surgery in both groups. Conclusion Subpectoral breast augmentation with either microtextured or macrotextured breast implants improved satisfaction with breasts and quality of life in patients with hypomastia.

11.
Arch Plast Surg ; 49(3): 360-364, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35832169

RESUMO

Although capsular contracture represents one of the most important complications after breast augmentation, local inflammation and fibrosis can lead, in very rare cases, to capsular calcification, an often-forgotten radiological sign of capsular contracture. In this article, the authors present a clinical case of breast implant calcification in an 81-year-old patient. Although this complication has been rarely described, the literature was reviewed to clarify the role of the local microenvironment in capsular contracture and calcification. At present, capsular contracture patients are classified using the conventional Baker score and the histological Wilflingseder classification. As it was not possible to consider capsular calcification when classifying our patient using the traditional scores, the authors propose an updated version of the current scale.

12.
Arch Plast Surg ; 49(2): 141-149, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35832665

RESUMO

Breast implant-associated anaplastic large cell lymphoma (BIA-ALCL) is a recently spotlighted T-cell origin non-Hodgkin's lymphoma with an increasing incidence of over 800 cases and 33 deaths reported worldwide. Development of BIA-ALCL is likely a complex process involving many factors, such as the textured implant surface, bacterial biofilm growth, immune response, and patient genetics. As the incidence of BIA-ALCL is expected to increase, it is important for all surgeons and physicians to be aware of this disease entity and acquire thorough knowledge of current evidence-based guidelines and recommendations. Early detection, accurate diagnosis, and appropriate treatment are the foundations of current care.

13.
Arch Plast Surg ; 49(2): 158-165, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35832670

RESUMO

Background Implant-based breast reconstruction has evolved tremendously in the last decades, mainly due to the development of new products and techniques that make the procedure safer and more reliable. The purpose of this study was to compare the outcomes in immediate one-stage breast reconstruction between acellular dermal matrix (ADM) and inferior dermal flap (IDF). Methods We conducted a retrospective comparative study of patients submitted to immediate breast reconstructions with an anatomical implant and ADM or IDF in a single center between 2016 and 2018. Outcomes evaluated included major complications, early complications, reinterventions, readmissions, and reconstruction failure. Simple descriptive statistics and univariate analysis were performed. Results A total of 118 breast reconstructions (85 patients) were included in the analysis. Patients in the IDF group had a higher body mass index (median = 27.0) than patients in the ADM group (median = 24). There were no statistically significant differences among both groups regarding immediate major complication, early complications, readmissions, and reinterventions. Conclusion There are no significant differences in complications between the ADM and IDF approach to immediate implant breast reconstruction. In patients with higher body mass index and large, ptotic breasts, we recommend an immediate implant reconstruction with IDF.

14.
JPRAS Open ; 33: 92-105, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35812357

RESUMO

Introduction: Acellular dermal matrices (ADM) have been suggested to allow for different approaches and reduce the risk of postoperative complications in implant-based breast surgery. Surgeons seem to embrace ADMs around the world, although a lack of consistent evidence regarding the factors that increase the risk of major postoperative complications remains. Purpose: To develop and internally validate a model to predict the risk of a major postoperative complication in breast reconstructive surgery with and without an ADM. Methodology: The DBIR is an opt-out registry that holds characteristics of all breast implant surgeries in the Netherlands since 2015. Using a literature-driven preselection of predictors, multivariable mixed-effects logistic regression modelling was used to develop the prediction model. Results: A total of 2939 breasts were eligible, of which 11% underwent an ADM-assisted procedure (single-stage or two-stage). However, 31% underwent a two-stage procedure (with or without the use of ADM). Of all breasts, 10.2% developed a major postoperative complication. Age (OR 1.01), delayed timing (OR 0.71), and two-stage technique (OR 4.46) were associated with the outcome. Conclusion: The data suggest that ADM use was not associated with a major postoperative complication, while two-stage reconstructions were strongly associated with an increased risk of major complications. Despite these findings, ADMs are not as popular in the Netherlands as in the USA. The predictive capabilities of the developed model are mediocre to poor, but because of the above findings, we believe that the role of the two-stage technique as a golden standard should be put up for debate.

15.
J Clin Med ; 11(12)2022 Jun 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35743534

RESUMO

Background: Breast augmentation is one of the most frequently performed plastic surgery procedures. Providing patients with realistic 3D simulations of breast augmentation outcomes is becoming increasingly common. Until recently, such programs were expensive and required significant equipment, training, and office space. New simple user-friendly programs have been developed, but to date there remains a paucity of objective evidence comparing these 3D simulations with post-operative outcomes. The aim of this study is to assess the aesthetic similarity between a pre-operative 3D simulation generated using Arbrea breast simulation software and real post-operative outcomes, with a focus on patient satisfaction. Methods: The authors conducted a prospective study of patients requiring breast augmentation. Patients were asked to assess how realistic the simulation was compared to the one-year post-operative result using the authors' grading scale for breast augmentation simulation assessment. Patient satisfaction with the simulations was assessed using a satisfaction visual analogue scale (VAS) ranging from 0 (not at all satisfied) to 10 (very satisfied). Patient satisfaction with the surgical outcome was assessed using the BREAST-Q Augmentation Module. Results: All patients were satisfied with the simulations and with the attained breast volume, with a mean VAS score of 8.2 ± 1.2. The mean simulation time took 90 s on average. The differences between the pre-operative and one-year post-operative values of the three BREAST-Q assessments were found to be statistically significant (p < 0.001). Conclusions: Three-dimensional simulation is becoming increasingly common in pre-operative planning for breast augmentation. The present study aimed to assess the degree of similarity of three-dimensional simulations generated using Arbrea Breast Software and found that the use of the software provided a very satisfying representation for patients undergoing breast augmentation. However, we recommend informing patients that only the volume simulation is extremely accurate. On the other hand, it is necessary to not guarantee an absolute correspondence regarding the breast shape between the simulation and the post-operative result.

16.
Biomolecules ; 12(6)2022 06 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35740901

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Silicone breast implants (SBIs) has been shown to be associated with an increased risk of autoimmune diseases. In the current study, we aimed to explore the potential association between circulating autoantibodies against the autonomic nervous system and cognitive impairment, memory deficit, and depressive symptoms reported by women with SBIs. METHODS: ELISA assays were used to quantify anti-adrenergic receptors (α1, α2, ß1, ß2), anti-muscarinic receptors (M1-M5), anti-endothelin receptor type A, and anti-angiotensin II type 1 receptor titers in the sera of 93 symptomatic female subjects with SBIs and 36 age-matched healthy female controls. RESULTS: A significant difference was detected in the level of autoantibodies against the autonomic nervous system receptors in women with SBIs who reported memory impairment, cognitive impairment, and sleep disturbance as compared with both women with SBIs who did not complain of these symptoms or with healthy individuals without SBIs. CONCLUSIONS: Clinical symptoms such as depression, cognitive impairment, and sleep disturbances were found to be associated with dysregulation of the levels of circulating autoantibodies targeting the autonomous nervous system receptors in women with SBIs. These autoantibodies may have diagnostic significance in diseases associated with breast implants.


Assuntos
Implantes de Mama , Disfunção Cognitiva , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília , Autoanticorpos , Sistema Nervoso Autônomo/química , Implantes de Mama/efeitos adversos , Disfunção Cognitiva/etiologia , Depressão , Feminino , Humanos , Transtornos da Memória , Silicones/efeitos adversos , Sono , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/induzido quimicamente
18.
Ann Chir Plast Esthet ; 67(4): 183-188, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35764445

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Breast augmentation is one of the most frequently performed cosmetic surgeries in the world. However, there is no standardized surgical procedure for performing breast augmentation. Many modalities exist for this surgery which may explain why practices vary greatly from one surgeon to another. The aim of this study was to evaluate current practices of breast augmentation by implant in France and changes in practices among French plastic surgeons. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This observational study was conducted between February 2020 and January 2021. An online questionnaire with 62 questions was sent to 729 French plastic surgeons. The questions concerned: the population of surgeons interviewed, pre-operative aspects, surgical technique and post-operative management. RESULTS: 411 plastic surgeons responded, 5.1% of surgeons impose a nicotine screening test on patients. 99.76% and 95.59% reported that they used silicone gel implants and round prostheses. All used smooth or micro-textured shells. The inframammary approach was the most used by 66.2% of plastic surgeons. The implants placed were between 250 and 300 cc on average and were mainly placed in "Dual plane" by 42% of surgeons. In order to reduce bacterial contamination, 26% of surgeons soaked the implants in a povidone-iodine solution and 23% used an insertion sleeve. The most frequent early complication was hematoma, while capsular contracture was a late complication. CONCLUSION: This study provides new data on current surgical practices of breast augmentation in France, allowing more informed choices and opening up perspectives for more standardized practices in the future.


Assuntos
Implante Mamário , Implantes de Mama , Mamoplastia , Cirurgiões , Humanos , Géis de Silicone
19.
In Vivo ; 36(4): 1703-1709, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35738611

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: The mechanisms underlying capsular contracture remain unclear. Emerging evidence supports the inflammation hypothesis, according to which bacteria from an adherent biofilm cause chronic inflammation and collagen deposition on the implant and trigger capsular contracture. Our goal was to evaluate the effect of different types of breast implants on the growth of Staphylococcus aureus, S. epidermidis, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa, which are commonly found in biofilms in infection. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Bacteria were grown in tryptic soy broth at 37°C for 2, 6, and 24 h and subsequently incubated for 24 h on 12 shell sections of smooth, nano-, and macrotextured breast implants. After incubation, the solutions were ultrasonicated and bacterial numbers were determined by serial dilution. S. aureus were fixed, washed with phosphate-buffered saline, dehydrated in ethanol, and coated with a platinum film to visualize the presence of biofilms by scanning electron microscopy. RESULTS: The numbers of S. aureus and S. epidermidis attached to the smooth and nanotextured surface implants were significantly lower than those on the macrotextured surface for all incubation times, whereas the number of P. aeruginosa was non-significantly lowest on the nanotextured surface after 24h incubation. Biofilms on smooth and nanotextured implant surfaces showed patchy patterns on scanning electron microscopy in contrast to the continuous pattern detected on macrotextured implants. CONCLUSION: Nanotextured breast implants may limit bacterial growth and thus prevent capsular contracture.


Assuntos
Implantes de Mama , Contratura , Biofilmes , Implantes de Mama/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Inflamação , Desenho de Prótese , Silicones/farmacologia , Staphylococcus aureus , Staphylococcus epidermidis , Propriedades de Superfície
20.
Aesthetic Plast Surg ; 2022 Jun 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35654858

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Breast augmentation is one of the most demanded procedures in plastic surgery and one of the most commonly performed by plastic surgeons. However, a bibliometric analysis of breast augmentation has not been published in recent years. The current study aimed to use a bibliometric analysis to conduct a qualitative and quantitative evaluation of breast augmentation research and provide the research trends and hotspots in this field. METHODS: Publications on breast augmentation research were extracted from the Web of Science core collection database. VOSviewer 1.6.18 was used to assess co-authorship, co-occurrence, citation of countries, institutions, authors, and journals, as well as hotspot keywords. RESULTS: On February 8, 2022, 4637 records of breast augmentation research published from 1985 to 2021 were collected. The bulk of the retrieved studies were original research articles (n = 2235, 48.20%). A total of 1053 (22.71%) papers were open access. The annual publication output increased annually. The USA was the driving force in this field and had a strong academic reputation. The top-contributing institution was the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center (2.37%, with 110 publications). Plastic and reconstructive surgery (998 publications, 21.52%) published the most research in this field and was also the most frequently co-cited journal (22,351 citations, total link strength (TLS): 409,301). Clemens MW (68 publications, 1.47%) was the most prolific author, and Spear SL (1456 citations, TLS: 27,231) was the most frequently co-cited author. The research hotspots included the following four aspects: safety and effectiveness of breast implants, implant-based breast reconstruction, breast cancer incidence after breast implantation, and breast implant-associated anaplastic large-cell lymphoma (BIA-ALCL). The research trends were BIA-ALCL, implant-based breast reconstruction, BREAST-Q, acellular dermal matrix, capsular contracture, and autologous fat grafting. CONCLUSION: The present study provides a panoramic view of breast augmentation research in plastic and reconstructive surgery. This novel comprehensive bibliometric analysis can help researchers and nonresearchers alike to rapidly identify the potential partners, research hotspots, and research trends within their areas of interest. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE III: This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to Authors www.springer.com/00266 .

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