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1.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1561699

RESUMO

Introdução: A segurança e eficácia do uso de medicamentos durante a lactação são preocupações para mães e profissionais de saúde. Esta pesquisa analisa as orientações das bulas de medicamentos comumente prescritos para dispepsia e constipação, que visa fornecer informações essenciais para orientar as decisões terapêuticas durante esse período crucial da maternidade. Objetivos: Analisar as informações das bulas sobre contraindicações de medicamentos para dispepsia e constipação durante a amamentação, verificando se estão de acordo com as evidências científicas. Métodos: Medicamentos para dispepsia e constipação foram selecionados de acordo com a classificação da Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical (ATC) e o registro ativo no Brasil. A presença de contraindicações para o uso de medicamentos nas bulas do profissional de saúde e do paciente foi comparada com as informações contidas no manual técnico do Ministério da Saúde, Medicamentos e Leite Materno, LactMed, UptoDate, Micromedex, Documento Científico da Sociedade Brasileira de Pediatria e Reprotox. Resultados: Nenhuma informação sobre o uso durante a amamentação foi encontrada em 20,0 e 24,3% das bulas para dispepsia e constipação, respectivamente. A concordância entre as bulas dos medicamentos para dispepsia e as fontes consultadas foi baixa (27,2% das bulas contraindicavam o medicamento na lactação, enquanto nas fontes o percentual de contraindicação variou de 0 a 8,3%). Com relação a medicamentos para constipação, 26,3% das bulas os contraindicavam, enquanto nas fontes o percentual variou de 0 a 4,8%. Conclusões: O estudo mostrou que pelo menos duas em cada dez bulas para dispepsia e constipação não fornecem informações adequadas sobre o uso desses medicamentos em lactentes, e também que houve baixa concordância entre o texto das bulas e as fontes de referência quanto à compatibilidade do medicamento com a amamentação.


Introduction: The safety and effectiveness of medication use during lactation are concerns for mothers and healthcare professionals. This research analyzes the instructions on the leaflets of medications commonly prescribed for dyspepsia and constipation, which aims to provide essential information to guide therapeutic decisions during this crucial period of motherhood. Objectives: To analyze the information in package inserts about contraindications of drugs for dyspepsia and constipation during breastfeeding, verifying whether these are consistent with scientific evidence. Methods: Drugs for dyspepsia and constipation were selected according to the Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical (ATC) classification and active registry in Brazil. The presence of contraindications for the use of medications in the health professional's and patient's package inserts was compared with the information in the technical manual of the Ministry of Health, Medications and Mothers' Milk, LactMed, UptoDate, Micromedex, Documento Científico da Sociedade Brasileira de Pediatria and Reprotox. Results: No information about use during breastfeeding was found in 20.0 and 24.3% of leaflets for dyspepsia and constipation, respectively. The agreement between the leaflets of medications for dyspepsia and the sources consulted was low (27.2% of the leaflets contraindicated the medication during lactation, while in the sources the percentage of contraindication varied from 0 to 8.3%). In relation to medicines for constipation, 26.3% of the leaflets contraindicated them, while in the sources the percentage ranged from 0 to 4.8%. Conclusions: The study pointed out that at least two out of every ten package inserts for dyspepsia and constipation do not provide adequate information on the use of these drugs in infants, and also shows low concordance between the text of the package inserts and the reference sources regarding compatibility of the drug with breastfeeding.


Introducción: La seguridad y eficacia del uso de medicamentos durante la lactancia son preocupaciones para las madres y los profesionales de la salud. Esta investigación analiza las instrucciones contenidas en los prospectos de medicamentos comúnmente recetados para la dispepsia y el estreñimiento, con el objetivo de proporcionar información esencial para guiar las decisiones terapéuticas durante este período crucial de la maternidad. Objetivos: Analizar la información contenida en los prospectos sobre las contraindicaciones de los medicamentos para la dispepsia y el estreñimiento durante la lactancia, verificando si estas son consistentes con la evidencia científica. Métodos: Se seleccionaron medicamentos para la dispepsia y el estreñimiento de acuerdo con la clasificación ATC y el registro activo en Brasil. Se comparó la presencia de contraindicaciones para el uso de medicamentos en los prospectos del profesional de la salud y del paciente con la información del manual técnico del Ministerio de Salud, Medicamentos y Leche Materna, LactMed, UptoDate, Micromedex, Documento Científico da Sociedade Brasileira de Pediatria y Reprotox. Resultados: No se encontró información sobre su uso durante la lactancia en el 20% y el 24,3% de los prospectos para dispepsia y estreñimiento, respectivamente. La concordancia entre los prospectos de los medicamentos para la dispepsia y las fuentes consultadas fue baja (el 27,2% de los prospectos contraindicaba el medicamento durante la lactancia, mientras que en las fuentes el porcentaje de contraindicación variaba del 0% al 8,3%). Con relación a los medicamentos para el estreñimiento, el 26,3% de los prospectos los contraindicaba, mientras que en las fuentes el porcentaje osciló entre el 0% y el 4,8%. Conclusiones: El estudio señaló que al menos dos de cada diez prospectos para dispepsia y estreñimiento no brindan información adecuada sobre el uso de estos medicamentos en lactantes, y también muestra la baja concordancia entre el texto de los prospectos y la referencia. fuentes sobre la compatibilidad del fármaco con la lactancia.

2.
Rev. enferm. UERJ ; 32: e72201, jan. -dez. 2024.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol, Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1554065

RESUMO

Objetivo: estimar a prevalência de Aleitamento Materno Exclusivo (AME) entre gemelares pré-termos e investigar o efeito de nascer gemelar e pré-termo no AME na alta hospitalar. Método: coorte prospectiva de recém-nascidos em uma instituição localizada no Rio de Janeiro, no período de 13 de março de 2017 a 12 de outubro de 2018. Dados coletados em questionário e prontuário médico. Foi utilizado DAG para construção do modelo conceitual, análise exploratória dos dados e regressão logística múltipla. Resultados: a prevalência de AME na alta hospitalar de gemelares pré-termos foi de 47,8%. Pré-termos apresentaram maior chance de não estarem em AME na alta hospitalar. Não gemelares apresentaram maior chance de não estarem em AME na alta hospitalar. Conclusão: pouco mais da metade dos gemelares pré-termo não estavam em AME na alta hospitalar. Prematuros tiveram maior chance de não estarem em AME. Não gemelares pré-termo apresentaram maior chance de não estarem em AME.


Objective: to estimate the prevalence of Exclusive Breastfeeding (EBF) in preterm twins and to investigate the effect of twin and preterm birth on EBF at hospital discharge. Method: prospective cohort of newborns in an institution located in Rio de Janeiro, from March 13, 2017, to October 12, 2018. Data collected through a questionnaire and medical records. A DAG was used to build the conceptual model, exploratory data analysis and multiple logistic regression. Results: prevalence of EBF at hospital discharge of preterm twins of 47.8%. Preterm infants were more likely to not be on EBF at hospital discharge. Non-twins were more likely to not be on EBF at hospital discharge. Conclusion: just over half of preterm twins were not on EBF at hospital discharge. Preterm infants had a greater chance of not being on EBF. Preterm non-twins were more likely to not be on EBF.


Objetivo: estimar la prevalencia de Lactancia Materna Exclusiva (LME) entre gemelos prematuros y investigar el efecto de nacer gemelo y prematuro en la LME al momento del alta hospitalaria. Método: cohorte prospectiva de recién nacidos en una institución ubicada en Rio de Janeiro, entre 13//marzo/2017 y 12/octubre/2018. Los datos se recolectaron mediante cuestionario y expediente médico. Se utilizó DAG para la construcción del modelo conceptual, análisis exploratorio de los datos y regresión logística múltiple. Resultados: la prevalencia de LME en el alta hospitalaria de gemelos prematuros fue del 47,8%. Los prematuros tuvieron mayor probabilidad de no estar en LME en el alta hospitalaria. Los no gemelares tuvieron mayor probabilidad de no estar en LME en el alta hospitalaria. Conclusión: poco más de la mitad de los gemelos prematuros no estaban en LME en el alta hospitalaria. Los prematuros tuvieron mayor probabilidad de no estar en LME. Los no gemelos prematuros presentaron mayor probabilidad de no estar en LME.

3.
Breastfeed Med ; 2024 Jul 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38963776

RESUMO

Background: Gestational weight gain (GWG) may be associated with delayed onset of lactogenesis II (DOL II), but it is still unclear and controversial. Object: The study aims to evaluate the relationship between GWG and DOL II. Methods: A comprehensive search was performed in 10 electronic databases from inception to May 21, 2023, for studies that reported outcomes in breastfeeding. Data were extracted by two independent reviewers. A meta-analysis was conducted to calculate the pooled estimates of association using random-effect models with Review Manager (RevMan) software version 5.4. The primary outcome was the rate of DOL II. Results: In this study, 248,515 women were included in 16 eligible articles. Women with excessive GWG have a higher risk of DOL II (odds ratio [OR] = 1.28; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.15-1.43). Specifically, prepregnancy overweight and obese women with GWG above recommendations (OR = 3.01, 95% CI: 1.38-6.57) and underweight women with excessive GWG before pregnancy have a higher risk of DOL II (OR = 3.32, 95% CI: 1.69-6.53). Nonetheless, there is no distinction between women with inadequate GWG and those with adequate GWG in DOL II(OR = 1.08, 95% CI: 0.88-1.33). In addition, the women whose GWG is above the recommendations also tend to stop exclusive breastfeeding 1 month postpartum (OR = 0.82, 95% CI: 0.80-0.85). Conclusion: Excessive GWG has a negative influence on the timing of the onset of lactogenesis and exclusive breastfeeding within 1 month postpartum.

4.
Women Birth ; 37(5): 101635, 2024 Jul 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38964228

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although digital educational resources are used worldwide to educate new parents, the impact of digital resources tailored specifically to women's needs on breastfeeding practices is not well explored. AIM: The study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of using a women-centred Web-Based Breastfeeding Educational Resource (WEBBER) in increasing the rate of exclusive breastfeeding at one month after birth. METHODS: A quasi-experimental study with before and after intervention was conducted in one metropolitan hospital in Saudi Arabia. Participants were primiparous women (n=290) aged 18 or above who intended to breastfeed. The intervention involved introducing the WEBBER to pregnant women and reinforcing its uses as a routine breastfeeding educational resource. Women's characteristics and infant feeding data were collected at one month after birth via an online survey. FINDINGS: The rate of exclusive breastfeeding at one month postpartum among the women who received the WEBBER intervention was nearly three times higher compared to the women prior to the introduction of the intervention (66 % vs. 26 %, p-value <.001). Furthermore, other predictors of exclusive breastfeeding at one month were the mother being unemployed, the baby not receiving infant formula in the hospital, and the mother having postnatal intention to continue breastfeeding for 6 months or more. DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: Using WEBBER as a routine breastfeeding educational resource increased the rate of exclusive breastfeeding one month after birth. Embedding woman-centred digital resources into routine breastfeeding education is an effective intervention for women in Saudi Arabia.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38969531

RESUMO

Recent advances in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) management during pregnancy and infant feeding encompass several key elements: expanded HIV testing guidance; growing evidence of safety, efficacy, and pharmacokinetic data favoring the use of preferred antiretroviral therapy (ART) during pregnancy and breastfeeding; increasing advocacy for the inclusion of pregnant individuals with HIV in clinical trials to expedite access to new ART; and updated guidelines supporting shared decision-making for choice of infant feeding methods in people with HIV.

6.
Matern Child Nutr ; : e13699, 2024 Jul 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38987938

RESUMO

Receiving donor human milk for a baby can have a protective effect upon parental wellbeing. A growing body of research also finds that being able to donate milk to a milk bank, particularly after infant loss, can also boost maternal wellbeing through feelings of altruism and purpose. However, most studies are qualitative, with small sample sizes outside the United Kingdom, and often do not include the experiences of those who have been unable to donate. Our aim was therefore to examine the impact of being able to donate milk, as well as the impact of not being able to do so, using a survey containing open and closed questions in a large UK sample. Overall, 1149 women completed the survey, 417 (36.3%) who donated their milk and 732 (63.7%) who did not. Most women who donated found it had a positive impact upon their wellbeing, feeling proud, useful and that they had achieved something important. Conversely, those unable to donate often felt rejected, frustrated, and excluded, especially if they received no response or felt that restrictions were unfair. Thematic analysis found that being able to donate could help women heal from experiences such as birth trauma, difficult breastfeeding experiences, neonatal unit stays, and infant loss; however, being unable to donate could exacerbate negative emotions arising from similar experiences. A minority of women who donated experienced raised anxiety over following guidelines. These findings further extend the impacts of milk banking services beyond infant health and development and support expanded service delivery.

7.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 24(1): 473, 2024 Jul 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38992633

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We assessed the effect of different obstetric interventions and types of delivery on breastfeeding. METHODS: A quantitative, cross-sectional study was carried out using an online questionnaire. Data collection was performed in 2021 in Hungary. We included biological mothers who had raised their at least 5-year-old child(ren) at home (N = 2,008). The questionnaire was completed anonymously and voluntarily. In addition to sociodemographic data (age, residence, marital status, education, occupation, income status, number of biological children, and anthropometric questions about the child and the mother), we asked about the interventions used during childbirth, and the different ways of infant feeding used. Statistical analysis was carried out using Microsoft Excel 365 and SPSS 25.0. Descriptive statistics, two-sample t tests, χ2 tests and ANOVA were used to analyse the relationship or differences between the variables (p < 0,05). RESULTS: We found that in deliveries where synthetic oxytocin was used for both induction and acceleration, there was a higher incidence of emergency cesarean section. However, the occurrence of vaginal deliveries was significantly higher in cases where oxytocin administration was solely for the purpose of accelerating labour (p < 0.001).Mothers who received synthetic oxytocin also received analgesics (p < 0.001). Women giving birth naturally who used oxytocin had a lower success of breastfeeding their newborn in the delivery room (p < 0.001). Children of mothers who received obstetric analgesia had a higher rate of complementary formula feeding (p < 0.001). Newborns born naturally had a higher rate of breastfeeding in the delivery room (p < 0.001) and less formula feeding in the hospital (p < 0.001). Infants who were breastfed in the delivery room were breastfed for longer periods (p < 0.001). Exclusive breastfeeding up to six months was longer for infants born naturally (p = 0.005), but there was no difference in the length of breastfeeding (p = 0.081). CONCLUSIONS: Obstetric interventions may increase the need for further interventions and have a negative impact on early or successful breastfeeding. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Not relevant.


Assuntos
Aleitamento Materno , Cesárea , Parto Obstétrico , Humanos , Aleitamento Materno/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Estudos Transversais , Hungria , Adulto , Parto Obstétrico/estatística & dados numéricos , Parto Obstétrico/métodos , Gravidez , Cesárea/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Ocitocina/administração & dosagem , Recém-Nascido , Adulto Jovem , Ocitócicos/administração & dosagem , Ocitócicos/uso terapêutico , Mães/estatística & dados numéricos
8.
Int Breastfeed J ; 19(1): 46, 2024 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38956574

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Limited research has explored the associations of gestational age (GA) and breastfeeding practices with growth and nutrition in term infants. METHODS: This multicenter cross-sectional study recruited 7299 singleton term infants from well-child visits in Shandong, China, between March 2021 and November 2022. Data on GA, gender, ethnicity, birth weight, parental heights, gestational diabetes and hypertension, age at visit, breastfeeding practices (point-in-time data at visit for infants < 6 months and retrospective data at 6 months for infants ≥ 6 months), complementary foods introduction, infant length and weight, were collected. 7270 infants were included in the analysis after excluding outliers with Z-scores of length (LAZ), weight or weight for length (WLZ) <-4 or > 4. Linear regression models adjused for covariates explored the impact of GA and breastfeeding practices on LAZ and WLZ, while logistic regression models evaluated their effect on the likelihood of moderate and severe stunting (MSS, LAZ<-2), moderate and severe acute malnutrition (MSAM, WLZ<-2) and overweight/obesity (WLZ > 2). Sensitivity analysis was conducted on normal birth weight infants (2.5-4.0 kg). RESULTS: Infants born early-term and exclusively breastfed accounted for 31.1% and 66.4% of the sample, respectively. Early-term birth related to higher WLZ (< 6 months: ß = 0.23, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.16, 0.29; ≥6 months: ß = 0.12, 95% CI: 0.04, 0.20) and an increased risk of overweight/obesity throughout infancy (< 6 months: OR: 1.41, 95% CI 1.08, 1.84; ≥6 months: OR: 1.35, 95% CI 1.03, 1.79). Before 6 months, early-term birth correlated with lower LAZ (ß=-0.16, 95% CI: -0.21, -0.11) and an increased risk of MSS (OR: 1.01, 95%CI 1.00, 1.02); Compared to exclusive breastfeeding, exclusive formula-feeding and mixed feeding linked to lower WLZ (ß=-0.15, 95%CI -0.30, 0.00 and ß=-0.12, 95%CI -0.19, -0.05, respectively) and increased risks of MSAM (OR: 5.57, 95%CI 1.95, 15.88 and OR: 3.19, 95%CI 1.64, 6.19, respectively). Sensitivity analyses confirmed these findings. CONCLUSIONS: The findings emphasize the health risks of early-term birth and the protective effect of exclusive breastfeeding in singleton term infants, underscoring the avoidance of nonmedically indicated delivery before 39 weeks and promoting exclusive breastfeeding before 6 months.


Assuntos
Aleitamento Materno , Humanos , Aleitamento Materno/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Masculino , Recém-Nascido , Lactente , China/epidemiologia , Idade Gestacional , Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Nutrição do Lactente , Nascimento a Termo , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto , Estado Nutricional
9.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 24(1): 453, 2024 Jun 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38951771

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: An individualized education using visual aids, allowing the woman to demonstrate what she has learned, and providing the opportunity for the woman to ask questions are important in terms of breastfeeding self-efficacy, breastfeeding success, and the sustainability of the education. This study is original in evaluating the effectiveness and sustainability of breastfeeding education provided through the teach-back method in terms of breastfeeding self-efficacy and success in a short period of time. Therefore, the aim of this study is to examine the impact of teach-back method on mothers' breastfeeding self-efficacy and breastfeeding success. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a randomized controlled study. The population of this study consisted of women who gave birth in the obstetrics and gynecology department of a state hospital located in Çorlu, in the northwest region of Turkey, between March 2022 and August 2022. The sample of this study consisted of a total of 100 postpartum women, with 50 participants in the experimental group and 50 participants in the control group, who gave birth in the obstetrics and gynecology department of Çorlu State Hospital. Computer-assisted simple randomization was employed to ensure the homogeneous distribution of the women into the experimental and control groups. The women in the experimental group received education and counseling services using the Teach-Back Method, based on the content of the prepared Breastfeeding Education Guide. The control group mothers, on the other hand, received standard breastfeeding education and counseling services. The data were collected through face-to-face interviews during the first 24 h postpartum and at the 1-month follow-up visits. In the study, the data collection tools used were a Personal Information Form, LATCH Breastfeeding Assessment and Evaluation Scale, Postpartum Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy Scale (short form), and the Teach-Back Observation Tool. In the evaluation of the research findings, the SPSS (Statistical Package for the Social Sciences) version 25.0 (IBM Corp., Armonk, NY, USA) program was used for statistical analyses. Descriptive, graphical, and statistical methods were employed to examine whether the scores obtained from each continuous variable followed a normal distribution. The Kolmogorov-Smirnov test was used to assess the normality of the scores derived from a continuous variable using statistical methods. RESULTS: In the study, no significant difference was found in the distribution of the socio-demographic characteristics of the participants according to the study groups. In the experimental group, which received training with the tell-what-you-learned method, the mothers' average EÖYÖ scores before the training, at the 24th hour after the training and at the 1st month after the training were 46.41 ± 11.26, respectively; It was determined to be 66.23 ± 6.94 and 67.84 ± 6.27. In the measurements made during the follow-up, it was determined that there was a significant difference in the study group's EÖYÖ score averages (p < 0,001). For mothers in the experimental group, the average LATCH score of the mothers before training, 24 h after training and 1 month after training was 7.73 ± 1.81, respectively; It was determined that these values were 8.66 ± 1.61 and 9.95 ± 0.30, and there was a significant difference in the mean LATCH scores of the study group in the measurements made during the follow-up (p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Breastfeeding education provided through the teach-back method is more effective in increasing both breastfeeding success and breastfeeding self-efficacy when compared to standard breastfeeding education. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Iran Randomized Clinical Trial Center IRCT20220509054795N2 Date of first registration: 10/11/2022.


Assuntos
Aleitamento Materno , Mães , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto , Autoeficácia , Humanos , Aleitamento Materno/psicologia , Feminino , Adulto , Mães/psicologia , Mães/educação , Turquia , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto/métodos , Adulto Jovem
10.
Int Breastfeed J ; 19(1): 48, 2024 Jul 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38982529

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding is recognized as the gold standard of infant feeding and nutrition. The World Health Organization recommends exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) of infants for the first 6 months of life. A variety of factors may impact breastfeeding practices in-hospital which may continue after hospital discharge, such as the use of breastmilk substitutes (BMS). The Baby-Friendly Initiative (BFI), which aims to promote and support breastfeeding practices, established a target rate of 75% for EBF from birth to hospital discharge. Currently, this target is not being met at The Ottawa Hospital (TOH), indicating there is room for improvement in EBF rates. The purpose of this study is to explore health care professionals (HCP) decision-making around use of BMS and identify factors that drive the use of BMS with and without medical indications. METHODS: In this qualitative study, semi-structured interviews were conducted with HCPs within TOH from January to June 2022. All participants had experience in maternity or postpartum care and were probed on factors influencing use of BMS at this institution. Interview transcripts were coded using an inductive approach. RESULTS: A total of 18 HCPs were interviewed including physicians, midwives, lactation consultants, and registered nurses. Multilevel barriers influencing the use of BMS were categorized into patient, HCP, and institution-level factors. Subthemes that emerged ranged from parental preferences, training differences amongst HCPs, to budget and staffing issues. Over half of HCPs were prepared to answer questions on EBF and were familiar with the BFI. Although most were supportive of this institution receiving BFI designation, a few providers raised concerns of its impact on parents who would like to supplement. CONCLUSIONS: Several modifiable factors influencing decision-making for use of BMS were identified. These findings will be used to inform unit leads, help identify effective strategies to address modifiable barriers, and develop tailored breastfeeding supports to improve EBF rates.


Assuntos
Aleitamento Materno , Tomada de Decisões , Pessoal de Saúde , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Humanos , Feminino , Aleitamento Materno/psicologia , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Recém-Nascido , Lactente , Adulto , Masculino , Entrevistas como Assunto , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Substitutos do Leite
11.
Women Birth ; 37(5): 101658, 2024 Jul 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-39018605

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding is the optimal method of providing infant nutrition. The Baby Friendly Health Initiative (BFHI) is a global strategy to promote breastfeeding. This study aimed to explore infant feeding data in Australian hospitals and compare outcomes between BFHI and non-BFHI accredited hospitals, and between public and private hospitals. METHODS: We targeted publicly available Australian public and private hospital data on breastfeeding outcomes at discharge from 2018 to 2019. We linked the data to the BFHI accredited hospitals and used t tests to compare mean breastfeeding rates and Chi square or Fisher's exact test for categorical variables. FINDINGS: Across all Australian states and territories, only New South Wales (NSW) and Victoria (VIC) provided the publicly available target data. Breastfeeding indicators were defined differently between these states. In NSW, breastfeeding at discharge was reported as a full breastfeeding rate among live born infants (71 %) whereas in VIC, it was reported as exclusive breastfeeding rates among term babies only (79 %). Comparing public with private hospitals, the rates of full breastfeeding at discharge in NSW and exclusive breastfeeding in VIC were significantly lower among private non-BFHI accredited hospitals compared to public non-BFHI accredited hospitals. CONCLUSION: BFHI accreditation can be beneficial in decreasing the rates of commercial milk formula use. Consistent reinforcement of BFHI principles and implementation in both private and public hospitals is required. Regular state monitoring and national dissemination of aggregated data collected using standardised breastfeeding indicators is also essential.

12.
Diabetologia ; 2024 Jul 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-39028360

RESUMO

AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: This study aimed to describe the relationship between breastfeeding episodes and maternal glucose levels, and to assess whether this differs with closed-loop vs open-loop (sensor-augmented pump) insulin therapy. METHODS: Infant-feeding diaries were collected at 6 weeks, 12 weeks and 24 weeks postpartum in a trial of postpartum closed-loop use in 18 women with type 1 diabetes. Continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) data were used to identify maternal glucose patterns within the 3 h of breastfeeding episodes. Generalised mixed models adjusted for breastfeeding episodes in the same woman, repeat breastfeeding episodes, carbohydrate intake, infant age at time of feeding and early pregnancy HbA1c. This was a secondary analysis of data collected during a randomised trial (ClinicalTrials.gov registration no. NCT04420728). RESULTS: CGM glucose remained above 3.9 mmol/l in the 3 h post-breastfeeding for 93% (397/427) of breastfeeding episodes. There was an overall decrease in glucose at nighttime within 3 h of breastfeeding (1.1 mmol l-1 h-1 decrease on average; p=0.009). A decrease in nighttime glucose was observed with open-loop therapy (1.2 ± 0.5 mmol/l) but was blunted with closed-loop therapy (0.4 ± 0.3 mmol/l; p<0.01, open-loop vs closed-loop). CONCLUSIONS/INTERPRETATION: There is a small decrease in glucose after nighttime breastfeeding that usually does not result in maternal hypoglycaemia; this appears to be blunted with the use of closed-loop therapy.

13.
J Cyst Fibros ; 2024 Jul 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-39019722

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The 2009 cystic fibrosis (CF) infant care guidelines recommend breastmilk as the initial feeding but do not address if/when it should be fortified or supplemented with formula to promote optimal growth and pulmonary health. METHODS: We conducted a prospective multi-center cohort study in breastfed and formula-fed infants that included 172 infants with CF who were born during 2012-17, enrolled after newborn screening at age 1.9 ± 1.0 months, and evaluated growth and lung disease manifestations in the first 3 years of life. RESULTS: Seventy-two percent of our study cohort was breastfed at birth, but 64 % transitioned to receiving fortified feedings (breastmilk, formula, or a combination) by 6 months of age to reverse the downward trajectory of their growth curves. Fortified feedings accelerated catch-up growth to normal weight-for-age (0.12 ± 0.80 z-score) and near normal height-for-age (-0.13 ± 0.90 z-score) at 3 years of age. Within the fortified group, breastmilk and formula were similarly effective in promoting catch-up growth, but proportionately fewer infants with CF fed predominantly breastmilk (30 %) experienced severe or moderate early-onset lung disease compared to those fed predominantly formula (62 %), p = 0.02. CONCLUSIONS: Most infants with CF require fortified feedings to recuperate from growth faltering and achieve normal growth at 3 years of age. For these infants, the proactive/preventive strategy of fortified breastmilk feedings starting soon after CF diagnosis, an alternative to the reactive/monitoring approach, can minimize the risk of prolonged postnatal growth faltering, accelerate the potential of attaining catch-up growth, and decrease the likelihood of experiencing more severe early-onset lung disease.

14.
Matern Child Nutr ; : e13687, 2024 Jul 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-39020511

RESUMO

Inequalities in breastfeeding programmes and practices have slowed global progress in providing the life-saving protection of breastfeeding for millions of infants despite well-known life-long impacts. As breastfeeding interventions are scaled up, inequalities in coverage and breastfeeding practices should be tracked, particularly in disadvantaged groups, who are likely to suffer the most serious health and developmental impacts of poor childhood nutrition. The literature provides evidence of inequalities in breastfeeding practices, but research is limited on socioeconomic disparities in the coverage of breastfeeding interventions. This paper (1) compares inequalities in breastfeeding practices in intervention and nonintervention areas and (2) documents inequalities in programme coverage by type of intervention. We disaggregated endline evaluation surveys in Bangladesh, Burkina Faso and Vietnam, where rigorous evaluations had documented significant overall improvements, and analysed whether inequalities in breastfeeding practices and programme coverage differed by treatment areas. We used Erreygers index to quantify inequalities and found that breastfeeding practices were largely pro-poor; intervention coverage was not consistently pro-poor. While counselling coverage often favoured women from the poorest quintile, public education/media coverage consistently favoured better-off women. Inequalities favoured more educated mothers in the coverage of combined interventions. None of the programmes had explicit equality objectives. The results indicate the need for introducing specific actions to reduce inequalities in breastfeeding policies and programmes. This is a priority unfinished agenda for nutrition programming.

15.
Laryngoscope ; 2024 Jul 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-39021346

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We sought to characterize the prevalence of ankyloglossia in our neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) population and to determine characteristics of this cohort compared to infants in the birth center (BC). METHODS: Prospective data were collected using a standardized flow sheet. Breastfeeding infants undergoing evaluation for tongue-tie in the BC and NICU were included. Coryllos type, tip to frenulum length, tongue function, frequency of frenotomy, and breastfeeding outcomes were compared. RESULTS: Of 20,879 infants birthed at or admitted to the institution during the study period, there were fewer patients diagnosed with ankyloglossia in the BC compared to the NICU (3.3% BC vs. 5.4% NICU, p < 0.01). Of these, 163 underwent frenotomy: 86 in the BC and 77 in the NICU. For those undergoing frenotomy, gestational age (39.1 ± 1.3 BC, 34.4 ± 4.4 NICU, p < 0.01) and age at time of procedure (3.2 days BC, 29.2 NICU, p < 0.01) were the only demographic factors significantly different between the groups. There was no difference in Coryllos type or function score. In a subset of NICU infants with multiple assessments over time, function scores after frenotomy were significantly improved compared to pre-frenotomy (p < 0.01). CONCLUSION: Standard assessment tools appear to be appropriate for use in infants in the NICU, despite the higher rates of prematurity, low birth weights, and increased comorbidities. Assessment and intervention for tongue-tie can be one critical intervention to move these patients closer to oral feeding and discharge to home. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level 3 Laryngoscope, 2024.

16.
Br J Clin Pharmacol ; 2024 Jul 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-39030897

RESUMO

AIMS: Sertraline is frequently prescribed for mental health conditions in both pregnant and breastfeeding women. According to the limited available data, only small amounts of sertraline are transferred into human milk, yet with a large amount of unexplained interindividual variability. This study aimed to develop a population pharmacokinetic (popPK) model to describe the pharmacokinetics of sertraline during the perinatal period and explain interindividual variability. METHODS: Pregnant women treated with sertraline were enrolled in the multicenter prospective cohort SSRI-Breast Milk study. A popPK model for sertraline maternal plasma and breast milk concentrations was developed and allowed estimating the milk-to-plasma ratio (MPR). An additional fetal compartment allowed cord blood concentrations to be described. Several covariates were tested for significance. Ultimately, model-based simulations allowed infant drug exposure through placenta and breast milk under various conditions to be predicted. RESULTS: Thirty-eight women treated with sertraline were included in the study and provided 89 maternal plasma, 29 cord blood and 107 breast milk samples. Sertraline clearance was reduced by 42% in CYP2C19 poor metabolizers compared to other phenotypes. Doubling milk fat content increased the MPR by 95%. Simulations suggested a median daily infant dosage of 6.9 µg kg-1 after a 50 mg maternal daily dose, representing 0.95% of the weight-adjusted maternal dose. Median cord blood concentrations could range from 3.29 to 33.23 ng mL-1 after maternal daily doses between 25 and 150 mg. CONCLUSIONS: Infant exposure to sertraline, influenced by CYP2C19 phenotype and breast milk fat content, remains low, providing reassurance regarding the use of sertraline during pregnancy and breastfeeding.

17.
Matern Child Nutr ; : e13704, 2024 Jul 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-39031463

RESUMO

Breastfeeding rates remain persistently low in the United Kingdom (UK) despite wide-scale rollout of UNICEF Baby Friendly Initiative training and accreditation. More must be done to ensure breastfeeding practitioners can provide effective support. The memory aide CHINS (Close, Head free, In-line, Nose to Nipple and Sustainable) could help practitioners remember, recall, and apply breastfeeding theory in practice and this paper presents a UK evaluation of its impact. A concurrent, convergent mixed methods approach was adopted using Normalisation Process Theory (NPT) as an overarching framework. An online survey targeted breastfeeding practitioners and academics from the UK (n = 115). A sub-set (n = 16) of respondents took part in qualitative focus groups. Survey data was subjected to descriptive and inferential statistical analysis, and the focus group data was analysed, using NPT. CHINS is widely used in breastfeeding education and practice largely because of its simplicity and ease of integration in everyday practice, as well as its sustained inclusion in UNICEF Baby Friendly Initiative training. CHINS has introduced a standardised approach to the principles of positioning for effective breastfeeding. Doing so has helped address inconsistencies and poor practice in this area, and CHINS plays a role in assisting practitioners in building confidence in their breastfeeding practice. More needs to be done to ensure the breastfeeding workforce develop and maintain the requisite skills to promote and support breastfeeding, including the role of memory aides such as CHINS in achieving this.

18.
BMC Infect Dis ; 24(1): 712, 2024 Jul 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-39033300

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The ambitious goal to eliminate new pediatric HIV infections by 2030 requires accelerated prevention strategies in high-risk settings such as South Africa. One approach could be pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) with broadly neutralizing anti-HIV-1 monoclonal antibodies (bNAbs). The aim of our study is to define the optimal dose(s), the ideal combination(s) of bNAbs in terms of potency and breadth, and timing of subcutaneous (SC) administration(s) to prevent breast milk transmission of HIV. METHODS: Two bNAbs, CAP256V2LS and VRC07-523LS, will be assessed in a sequential and randomized phase I, single-site, single-blind, dose-finding trial. We aim to investigate the 28-day safety and pharmacokinetics (PK) profile of incrementally higher doses of these bNAbs in breastfeeding HIV-1 exposed born without HIV neonates alongside standard of care antiretroviral (ARV) medication to prevent (infants) or treat (mothers) HIV infection. The trial design includes 3 steps and 7 arms (1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 and 6b) with 8 infants in each arm. The first step will evaluate the safety and PK profile of the bNAbs when given alone as a single subcutaneous (SC) administration at increasing mg/kg body weight doses within 96 h of birth: arms 1, 2 and 3 at doses of 5, 10, and 20 mg/kg of CAP256V2LS, respectively; arms 4 and 5 at doses of 20 and 30 mg/kg of VRC07-523LS, respectively. Step two will evaluate the safety and PK profile of a combination of the two bNAbs administered SC at fixed doses within 96 h of birth. Step three will evaluate the safety and PK profile of the two bNAbs administered SC in combination at fixed doses, after 3 months. Arms 1 and 6 will follow sequential recruitment, whereas randomization will occur sequentially between arms (a) 2 & 4 and (b) 3 & 5. Before each randomization, a safety pause will allow review of safety data of the preceding arms. DISCUSSION: The results of this trial will guide further studies on bNAbs to prevent breast milk transmission of HIV. PROTOCOL VERSION: Version 4.0 dated 15 March 2024. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Pan African Clinical Trial Registry (PACTR): PACTR202205715278722, 21 April 2022; South African National Clinical Trial Registry (SANCTR): DOH-27-062022-6058.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Anti-HIV , Infecções por HIV , HIV-1 , Humanos , Infecções por HIV/prevenção & controle , Infecções por HIV/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por HIV/imunologia , Infecções por HIV/transmissão , HIV-1/imunologia , Recém-Nascido , Feminino , Anticorpos Anti-HIV/administração & dosagem , Lactente , Injeções Subcutâneas , Anticorpos Monoclonais/farmacocinética , Anticorpos Monoclonais/administração & dosagem , Anticorpos Monoclonais/efeitos adversos , Anticorpos Monoclonais/imunologia , Profilaxia Pré-Exposição/métodos , Transmissão Vertical de Doenças Infecciosas/prevenção & controle , África do Sul , Anticorpos Amplamente Neutralizantes/imunologia , Anticorpos Amplamente Neutralizantes/administração & dosagem , Aleitamento Materno , Fármacos Anti-HIV/farmacocinética , Fármacos Anti-HIV/administração & dosagem , Fármacos Anti-HIV/uso terapêutico , Método Simples-Cego , Anticorpos Neutralizantes/imunologia , Masculino , Ensaios Clínicos Fase I como Assunto
19.
Breastfeed Med ; 19(7): 539-546, 2024 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38968405

RESUMO

Objective: The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that the duration of breastfeeding in infancy reduces the risk of childhood leukemia or lymphoma, and modifies the risk of developing functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs). Subjects and Methods: This case-control study involved the recruitment of children with lymphoid malignancy and functional gastrointestinal symptoms with healthy children as controls. Focused questionnaires were used to collect data on breastfeeding history and other key risk factors. Univariate and multivariate analyses were undertaken. Results: Of the 334 children with lymphoid malignancy, 65% were male. The control group included 334 age- and sex-matched participants. Most (n = 189; 56.6%) of the children with leukemia were <10 years of age. Differences between cases and controls included the duration of breastfeeding (p < 0.0001), mean birthweight (p < 0.001), maternal age (p < 0.001), paternal age (p < 0.001), birth order (p < 0.001), mean number of children (p < 0.001), BMI percentile (p = 0.042), and maternal smoking (p = 0.012). Breastfeeding duration of up to 6 months' duration, when compared with feeding of longer than 6 months, was associated with increased odds ratios (OR) for acute lymphoblastic leukemia (OR = 3.43, 95% confidence interval [CI] 2.37-4.98; p < 0.001), Hodgkin's lymphoma (OR = 1.58, 95% CI: 0.88-2.84, p = 0.120), Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (OR = 2.14, 95% CI: 1.25-3.65, p = 0.005), and overall (OR = 1.95, 95% CI: 1.40-2.71, p < 0.001). Cases also differed from controls with regard to FGIDs, such as stomach ache (p < 0.001), dyspepsia (p < 0.001), early satiety (p = 0.017), bowel satisfaction (p < 0.001), bloating (p < 0.001), nausea (p = 0.005), vomiting (p = 0.039), constipation (p = 0.003), diarrhea (p = 0.010), gastrointestinal canal congestion (p =0.039), muscle aches pains (p = 0.008), fecal incontinence (p = 0.021), and indigestion (p = 0.003). A multivariate stepwise regression analysis revealed that maternal smoking (p < 0.001), formula feeding (p < 0.001), duration of breastfeeding (p < 0.001), birth order (p = 0.002), mother's age (p = 0.004) and the child's birthweight (p = 0.009) were predictors for leukemia. Further analysis showed that dyspepsia (p < 0.001), gastrointestinal tract canal congestion (p < 0.001), constipation (p = 0.009), diarrhea (p = 0.013), bowel satisfaction (p = 0.021), bloating (p = 0.022), duration of breastfeeding (p < 0.001), and stomach ache (p = 0.025) were significant predictors for developing FGID symptoms after adjusting for age, gender, and other confounding variables. Conclusion: This study confirmed that breastfeeding has some effect on reducing possible risk of childhood lymphoma and leukemia and FGID symptoms compared with healthy control children.


Assuntos
Aleitamento Materno , Gastroenteropatias , Humanos , Aleitamento Materno/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Masculino , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Fatores de Risco , Criança , Fatores de Tempo , Gastroenteropatias/epidemiologia , Gastroenteropatias/prevenção & controle , Lactente , Pré-Escolar , Recém-Nascido , Inquéritos e Questionários , Leucemia/epidemiologia , Leucemia/prevenção & controle , Adolescente , Peso ao Nascer , Idade Materna
20.
Work ; 2024 Jul 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38995742

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous studies demonstrate that exclusive breastfeeding has positive long-term health effects on the mother and infant, but research has shown that nearly 50% of mothers do not breastfeed for the recommended amount of time. OBJECTIVE: This article systematizes previous quantitative research on the impact of work on breastfeeding practices to identify the factors that correlate to the cessation of breastfeeding in working mothers. METHODS: Following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) Statements, we performed a systematic review that screened PubMed, CINAHL, PsycINFO, and Academic Search Complete databases for articles relating to maternal employment and breastfeeding. RESULTS: Of the 13,106 articles assessed for eligibility, 21 studies met all requirements and were included in this systematic review. The 21 articles were divided into study type and methods, participant demographics, study outcomes, and additional factors that included stressors and stress levels, factors that increased or decreased rates of breastfeeding, and feeding methods. Articles outside of the United States were excluded due to differences in maternity leave policies of other countries impacting the data. CONCLUSION: Cessation of breastfeeding and breastfeeding outcomes were seen to have a strong association with maternal employment, specifically with the policies and employer support in the workplace. Other factors such as race, level of education, and stress were also shown to relate to breastfeeding outcomes and are important to consider in future public health interventions and workplace policies.

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