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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36673747

RESUMO

This population-based study investigated gender differences in the use of coping strategies and their relationship to anxiety symptoms during the initial COVID-19 lockdown period in the United States. A national online survey was administered between 13 April 2020 and 8 June 2020. The study sample comprised 1673 respondents (66% women). Overall, 46% reported high levels of anxiety, and women experienced significantly (p < 0.001) higher levels of anxiety than men. Women were significantly (p < 0.05) more likely to use acceptance, self-distraction, positive reframing, and emotional support than men. Significant interactions between gender and coping strategies were also identified. Women engaging in high (+1SD) vs. low (-1SD) levels of active coping were not found to have significantly different anxiety levels. In contrast, men reported higher levels of anxiety when they engaged in high levels of active coping and lower levels of anxiety when they engaged in low levels of active coping (b2 = 0.88, t = 3.33, p = 0.001). Additionally, women engaging in high levels of acceptance and positive reframing reported significantly lower anxiety levels than when engag-ing in low levels of acceptance (b1 = -1.03, t = -4.58, p < 0.001) and positive reframing (b1 = -0.72, t = -3.95, p < 0.001). No significant associations between acceptance and positive reframing levels and anxiety levels were found with men. Overall, these findings extend our understanding of the nature of gender differences in stress responsivity during periods of high psychological distress and can inform the development of mental health interventions to respond to the COVID-19 pandemic and future infectious disease outbreaks.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Masculino , Humanos , Feminino , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/psicologia , Pandemias , Fatores Sexuais , Estresse Psicológico/epidemiologia , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis , Adaptação Psicológica , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Ansiedade/psicologia
2.
Nurs Open ; 2023 Jan 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36719818

RESUMO

AIM: This study aimed to explore the coping strategies adopted by frontline nurses in dealing with COVID-19 patients during the pandemic in Bangladesh. DESIGN: A qualitative descriptive study. METHODS: Purposive sampling was used to recruit seventeen frontline nurses from three COVID-19-specific hospitals in Dhaka City. In-depth online interviews and semi-structured questionnaires were used to collect data through the Google Meet platform. Interview sessions audio-video were recorded, interpreted, analysed, verbatim transcribed and quotes of the participants were verified by member checking. Thematic analysis was used in this research. The study's reporting guidelines were based on the consolidated criteria for reporting qualitative research. RESULTS: Seven themes were identified after careful data analysis: (i) A positive attitude in dealing with challenging situation, (ii) Intimate partner's influence, (iii) Self-emotional regulation, (iv) The tendency to avoid negativity, (v) Motivated by professional obligations, (vi) Religious influence, (vii) Recreational activities. NO PATIENT OR PUBLIC CONTRIBUTION: This study explored various coping strategies employed by frontline nurses in caring for COVID-19 patients. No patient or public contribution was investigated.

3.
J Am Coll Health ; : 1-5, 2023 Jan 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36701543

RESUMO

This study examined inter- and intra-person level associations between stress and overwhelm and adaptive coping strategies used by college students during COVID-19. Participants were 55 college students (Mage = 23.31, SD = 4.49; 87% White, 85% Female), who completed a 21-day daily diary study. The common coping strategies endorsed were media use, relaxation techniques, and exercise. Variability among feelings of stress (ICC = .520) and overwhelm (ICC = .530) were similarly explained by between and within-person differences. Daily stress and overwhelm were positively associated with relaxation techniques, media, and total coping strategies. Further, daily stress was positively associated with connection with others to cope. At the between-person level, average stress was associated with avoidance strategies such as taking a break from news to cope. These findings may prove useful in the development of interventions to increase the practice of adaptive coping strategies to reduce stress and overwhelm.

4.
J Agromedicine ; 2023 Jan 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36702813

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Farmers in rural areas face unique lifestyle stressors which may cause physical and behavioral health issues. Because of external stressors, and often an internal drive to succeed, farmers in rural areas have high rates of prescription drug use, excessive alcohol use, depression, and suicide. These methods of coping may increase prevalence of distress and mental illness in farmers leading to poor health outcomes. Social norms within rural farming populations are influenced by culture, family, friends, and community beliefs which make it difficult to conduct research about substance use and mental health. The purpose of this study is to identify stressors in rural farmers and positive and negative coping strategies for stress in the farming population. METHODS: In-depth interviews (35 minutes-1 hour) were conducted with full-time rural farmers (n=15) in ten counties throughout Georgia. Using qualitative analysis, inductive coding was used to identify themes and patterns among transcribed interview recordings. RESULTS: Stressors reported by farmers included: financial, work-life balance, physical health and disconnect from non-farming populations. Farmers described feeling misperceived by those outside of their community and feeling a distinct lack of control due to external factors. All the farmers identified alcohol use as a primary coping strategy to deal with stressors. CONCLUSIONS: This study identifies distinct stressors associated with a farming lifestyle and socio-cultural factors that are barriers to care for mental health and substance use in rural farmers. This study can provide information to health practitioners that may lead to a better understanding of the factors influencing farmer's health outcomes.

5.
Anxiety Stress Coping ; : 1-16, 2023 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36603120

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The worldwide COVID-19 pandemic may have negative impacts on individuals' mental health. At the same time, protective factors such as mindfulness, i.e., a moment-to-moment awareness of own experiences without judgment, may have positive effects on various psychological outcomes during the pandemic. OBJECTIVES: The current study analyzed the associations between trait mindfulness and psychological outcomes during the COVID-19 pandemic at three measurement points, testing self-efficacy and coping strategies as further potential predictors. DESIGN & METHODS: Altogether 207 students (85% female, mostly between 18 and 25 years old) participated in a longitudinal online survey from May to July 2020. At t1, t2, and t3, trait mindfulness, COVID-19-specific psychological well-being, depressiveness, anxiety, and stress were assessed. In addition, coping strategies were measured at t1 and self-efficacy at t2. RESULTS: Psychological outcomes at t1 were associated with trait mindfulness and coping strategies. The change in psychological outcomes between t2 and t3 was predicted by trait mindfulness and self-efficacy and to some extent by maladaptive coping. In a cross-lagged panel design, trait mindfulness was a better predictor of the psychological outcomes than vice versa. CONCLUSIONS: Our results support the value of trait mindfulness for psychological outcomes during the COVID-19 pandemic.

6.
Int J Nurs Pract ; : e13129, 2023 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36601722

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Occupational stress is generally acknowledged as a major issue in the health sector that may have a detrimental impact on nurses' psychological and physical health, particularly during the COVID-19 epidemic. AIM: This study evaluated the effectiveness of a psychoeducational interventional programme in decreasing occupational stress and improving coping methods among nurses during the COVID-19 pandemic. METHODS: This study used a cluster-randomized approach. Data were collected from 80 nurses working in two public health-care centres from May to August 2020 in Jordan. Two centres were assigned randomly to the intervention and control groups. The psychoeducational programme was delivered to the intervention group in six sessions over 6 days for 2 weeks. The collected data were analysed using SPSS through descriptive and inferential statistics. Occupational stress and coping strategies were measured. RESULTS: Repeated-measures analysis of variance (ANOVA) indicated that the degrees of occupational stress and coping strategies significantly differed between study groups over the three points of data collection. CONCLUSION: This psychoeducational interventional programme is a valuable noninvasive method that can improve individual coping strategies to manage stress in practice during the COVID-19 pandemic.

7.
Public Health Nutr ; : 1-33, 2023 Jan 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36691695

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate food insecurity and related coping strategies among South African households and their associations with anxiety and depression. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. Food insecurity and coping strategies were assessed using a modified Community Childhood Hunger Identification Project and the Coping Strategies Index questionnaires. The GAD-7 and PHQ-9 were used to assess anxiety and depression risk. Ordered logistic regressions were used to test associations between food insecurity and related coping strategies, and anxiety and depression. SETTING: South Africa during COVID-19, October 2021. PARTICIPANTS: Nationally representative sample of 3,402 adults, weighted to 39,640,674 South African households. RESULTS: About 20.4% of South African households were food insecure, with the most affected being from the lowest socio-economic groups. Shifting from "food secure" to "at risk" or from "at risk" to "food insecure" group was associated with 1.7 times greater odds of being in a higher category of anxiety or depression (p<0.001).All coping strategies were used to some extent in South African households, with 46.0% relying on less preferred and less expensive foods, and 20.9% sending a household member to beg for food. These coping strategies were mostly used by food insecure households. Although the odds of moving to a higher category of anxiety and depression were observed among all coping strategies (all p<0.001), begging for food was associated with the highest odds (odds ratio=2.3). CONCLUSIONS: Food insecurity remains a major health threat in South Africa. Public measures to address mental health should consider reductions in food insecurity as part of their strategy.

8.
Pak J Med Sci ; 39(1): 28-33, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36694765

RESUMO

Objective: This study aimed to identify profile groups based on personality traits and coping strategies exhibited by medical students in the context of COVID-19. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional survey and latent profile analysis to investigate differences in stressors, psychological distress, and stress levels with academic variables. We collected data online (Google survey form) in November and December 2021. The participants included a total of 260 1st and 2nd year medical students, all completed questionnaires containing the following sections: Big Five Inventory, coping strategies, COVID-19 stressors, Kessler Psychological Distress Scale, and stress level with academic variables. For analysis, a latent profile analysis, ANOVA, and χ2 were used. Results: The results reveal the three following profile groups: adaptive (lowest neuroticism, low mental disengagement), middle-adaptive (moderate neuroticism, low mental disengagement), and maladaptive (highest neuroticism and mental disengagement), respectively comprising 25.0%, 39.2%, and 35.8% of the study sample. There were no statistically significant intergroup differences regarding grade (χ2=3.345, p=0.188) or gender (χ2=1.197, p=0.550). The maladaptive group was strongly associated with perceived stress during the COVID-19 pandemic (p<0.001). Conclusion: These findings highlight the value of considering profile groups when determining whether students require additional support during pandemics.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36674177

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of coping strategies, attitudes, and positive anticipated emotions on the positive expectations and behavioral intentions of Korean tourists during the COVID-19 pandemic. An integrated model was proposed and tested, and the results indicate that effective coping strategies, attitudes, and positive anticipated emotions have a positive effect on the positive expectations of tourism during the pandemic, which in turn positively influences behavioral intentions. Practical suggestions were also provided based on the findings. This research has implications for understanding the ways in which individuals cope with and adapt to travel during times of crisis, and for identifying strategies that may facilitate positive expectations and behavioral intentions in the tourism industry.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Intenção , Humanos , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Turismo , Motivação , Pandemias , Adaptação Psicológica
10.
J Clin Med ; 12(2)2023 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36675504

RESUMO

A transient ischemic attack (TIA) is defined as a temporary neurological dysfunction due to focal brain ischemia. We aimed to identify common coping strategies and the possible occurrence of posttraumatic growth in TIA patients. Semistructured interviews were conducted with TIA patients three months after TIA. We asked the participants about possible changes in the aftermath of their TIA and their way of coping with said changes. All interviews were tape-recorded and subsequently transcribed verbatim. Thematic content analysis was performed to identify main categories and themes. Seventeen patients with a median age of 66 years completed the semistructured interviews. Qualitative content analysis revealed 332 single codes, from which the three main categories "impairments as a consequence of TIA", "coping strategies" and "posttraumatic growth" were generated. The main categories were further subdivided into seven categories and thirty-six themes. TIA patients may suffer from various physical impairments, which also involve medication side effects. Activating resources on the one hand, and avoiding negative thoughts and feelings on the other hand, were identified to be the relevant coping strategies in TIA patients. Posttraumatic growth seems to be a common phenomenon after TIA, which may have important implications for treatment and rehabilitation.

11.
Int J Soc Psychiatry ; : 207640221143919, 2023 Jan 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36598090

RESUMO

CONTEXT: The Russian attack on Ukraine has been ongoing since February 24, 2022. Nevertheless, no research has documented the mental health of Ukrainians during the biggest land war in Europe after the Second World War, or how Ukrainians cope with the impact of the war. OBJECTIVES: To provide the prevalence rates of symptoms of psychological distress, anxiety, depression, and insomnia; and to link them with Ukrainians' productive coping strategies during the war. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Online survey conducted in Ukraine during the initial period of the Russian invasion (March 19-31, 2022), using a quota sampling method, of 1,400 Ukrainians aged 18 years or older, with a total of 801 valid responses for a response rate of 57.2%. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Psychological distress assessed by the Kessler Psychological Distress scale (K6); anxiety assessed by Generalized Anxiety Disorder-2 (GAD-2) scale; depression assessed by Patient Health Questionnaire-2 (PHQ-2); insomnia assessed by Insomnia Severity Index-4 (ISI-4); modes of coping assessed by Brief COPE. RESULTS: Of 801 Ukrainian adults, 52.7% had symptoms of psychological distress (mean = 13.3 [SD = 4.9]); 54.1% of them reported symptoms of anxiety (mean = 2.9 [SD = 1.7]); 46.8% reported symptoms of depression (mean = 2.6 [SD = 1.6]). Symptom criteria for insomnia were met by 97 respondents (12.1%) (mean = 10.4 [SD = 4.2]). Demographic variables (including gender, living in an urban area, having children or elderly persons in the household, living in an area occupied by Russian forces) were associated with symptoms of distress, anxiety, depression, and insomnia. The productive coping strategies of using instrumental support, behavioral disengagement, self-distraction, and planning were significantly associated with mental health symptoms. CONCLUSIONS: Prevalence rates of symptoms of psychological distress, anxiety, depression, and insomnia were high. These findings underscore the need for healthcare and productive coping strategies for Ukrainians during the war.

12.
Child Abuse Negl ; 137: 106004, 2023 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36682188

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Exposure to ethnic- and race-related stress (e.g., racism, racial discrimination, and micro-aggression) can impair parenting and parent-child relations. OBJECTIVE: This study examines the exposure of Palestinian parents in Israel to two levels of racism, interpersonal racism (IPR) and perceived collective racism (PCR), and the relationship of each to perpetrating child abuse. Further, the study examines the moderating role of coping strategies on these relationships. PARTICIPANTS AND SETTING: The study was conducted among a systematic semi-random sample of 770 Palestinian parents in Israel (500 mothers and 270 fathers) aged 21-66 (M = 38.7, SD = 7.84). METHODS: Participants filled out a self-administered questionnaire that included items from several instruments. RESULTS: Regression analysis revealed that PCR and avoidance coping significantly predict psychological, R2 = 0.072, p < 0.001, and physical, R2 = 0.088, p < 0.001, child abuse. Interestingly, the moderating effects of coping strategies varied somewhat. High avoidance-coping (e.g., distraction, denial, withdrawal) worsened PCR's effect on child abuse, while low avoidance-coping mitigated it but augmented IPR's effect on child abuse. Further, frequently using problem-oriented coping (e.g., analyzing the situation) worsened IPR's effect on child abuse. Child abuse risk increased when parents experienced high PCR levels and frequently used avoidance coping. Likewise, it increased when they experienced high IPR levels and used either high problem-oriented coping or low avoidance-coping. CONCLUSIONS: Understanding when coping strategies buffer the impact of racism on the parent-child relationship and when they exacerbate it can contribute to interventions with parents experiencing IPR and PCR.

13.
J Adv Nurs ; 2023 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36695342

RESUMO

AIM: The aim of this paper is to describe the strategies used by nurses and midwives to cope with experiences of dealing with perinatal death and maintain their satisfaction at work. DESIGN: Systematic literature review, in accordance with the PRISMA Declaration. DATA SOURCES: (2000-2021) Web of Science, PubMed, Scopus, CINALH and Dialnet, for articles in English and Spanish from the period between January 2000 and March 2021. REVIEW METHODS: The outcome of the review was the perceptions of nurses and midwives who have cared for people in a situation of perinatal loss. RESULTS: Thirteen studies were identified that evaluated the attitudes, experiences and needs of these healthcare professionals. The combined size of all samples was 2196 participants. CONCLUSIONS: The negative effects on these professionals' satisfaction with their situation at work could be mitigated by covering their needs for knowledge, experience, and emotional and technical skills to deal with such events. IMPACT: As potential protective factors against dissatisfaction in nurses and midwives during perinatal death experiences, we identified older age and experience in perinatal care and coping strategies based on communicating one's feelings to peers, empathetic listening to the families cared for, training and institutional support. No Patient or Public Contribution.

14.
Radiol Technol ; 94(3): 168-179, 2023 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36631221

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To determine the relationships between mental health (depression and anxiety) and engaging in shift work, working weekend shifts, and taking call for radiologic technologists, and to identify coping strategies used to manage depression and anxiety. METHODS: Validated instruments were used to measure depression and anxiety levels among a sample of radiologic technologists who were members of Advanced Health Education Center. The participants also identified their primary work shift and their frequency of working weekends and taking call. RESULTS: There were 173 completed survey responses for this study. Most radiologic technologists in this study experienced mild symptoms of depression (62, 35.8%) and anxiety (57, 32.9%). Nearly half of the participants indicated that their depression and anxiety made it difficult for them to perform their jobs effectively, and about one-third of the participants believed those symptoms were intensified by shift work. A strong, positive relationship was identified between participants' total depression and anxiety scores (P < .001). There were no significant differences between shift work and total depression score (P = .06) or total anxiety score (P = .28). A significant association was found between the frequency of working weekend shifts and depression levels (P < .001) with a moderate effect size. Most of the participants identified support from family or friends, prayer and spiritual activities, and prescribed medication as common coping strategies. DISCUSSION: Findings revealed that the radiologic technologists in this study did not rely heavily on employer-based resources, such as employee assistance programs, to cope with their depression and anxiety symptoms. One speculation for underuse of these employer-based resources might be fear of being stigmatized by management or personal perceived stigma against asking for help. There is an opportunity for increased awareness of available mental health resources and acceptance of mental health management to erase the common, negative stigma associated with seeking out professional resources. CONCLUSION: Radiologic technologists in this study experienced depression and anxiety symptoms that affected their work performance and correlated with working weekend shifts; however, there was no significant relationship between shift work and depression or anxiety in this sample of radiologic technologists.


Assuntos
Saúde Mental , Jornada de Trabalho em Turnos , Humanos , Depressão/epidemiologia , Ansiedade , Adaptação Psicológica , Inquéritos e Questionários
15.
Palliat Support Care ; : 1-5, 2023 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36655492

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The investigators conducted a psychosocial needs assessment of mesothelioma patients through self-report measures of quality of life (QOL), coping, depression, and social support. METHODS: Patients with malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) (N = 67) completed a battery of assessments at a single timepoint after being approached during routine medical oncology clinic appointments or by letter. RESULTS: Participants were predominately male (70.0%; n = 47) and ranged in age from 35 to 83 years old (M = 65.61, SD = 9.71). Most participants were white (88.0%; n = 59), and 10.0% (n = 7) were identified as Hispanic. The majority were married or living with a partner (93.0%; n = 62) and had some college or more education (64.0%; n = 43). Fourteen percent of participants (n = 11) endorsed significantly elevated depression symptoms. No significant demographic or clinical differences in depressed compared to nondepressed participants were observed, with a trend toward those identifying as Hispanic and those who were divorced as being more likely to be depressed. For the total sample, the most frequently endorsed coping strategies were active coping, emotional support, and acceptance. SIGNIFICANCE OF RESULTS: The present study did not identify any clear correlates of depression or QOL among patients with MPM. This research contributes to the small literature on psychosocial functioning in patients with MPM and provides putative directions for future larger studies and the development of interventions to provide appropriate support to diverse patients with MPM.

16.
BMC Nurs ; 22(1): 12, 2023 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36631763

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: While compassion fatigue is evaluated positively in nurses, compassion fatigue and burnout are undesirable from the viewpoint of professionals, service providers, institutions and ultimately society. It is necessary to identify the factors that lead to undesirable results and to reduce their effects. This study aimed to investigate nurses' levels of compassion fatigue, compassion satisfaction, burnout, various psychopathological symptom levels, coping skills, and the relationship between them. METHODS: This was a descriptive cross-sectional study. The participants were 356 nurses working in tertiary university hospitals in Istanbul (Türkiye). The Healthcare Professional Information Form, ProQOL-IV, Brief Symptom Inventory, and the Coping Orientations to Problems Experienced scale were used to collect data. Descriptive statistics, correlation analyses, and regression models were used to analyze the data. RESULTS: According to the findings, low-level burnout, moderate-high compassion satisfaction, and low-moderate compassion fatigue symptoms were detected. Low-level anxiety, depression, somatization, hostility, and negative self-esteem were found. According to the results of regression analysis, mental disengagement and planning coping strategies positively affect the synergy of compassion fatigue (p < 0.05). Turning religion and restraint coping have a positive effect on compassion fatigue (p < 0.05). While depression has a positive effect on burnout, nurses' positive reinterpretation and growth strategy is effective in coping with burnout (p < 0.05). Positive reinterpretation and growth coping strategies are also effective in increasing job satisfaction (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Nurses showing somatization symptoms are risk factors for compassion fatigue, and nurses showing depression symptoms are risk factors for burnout, so they should be closely monitored and should be given support. Mental disengagement and planning coping strategies can reduce compassion fatigue, and positive reinterpretation and growth methods can reduce burnout and increase compassion satisfaction. It may be useful to provide counseling and training for nurses to use the right coping methods.

17.
Neuropharmacology ; 225: 109377, 2023 03 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36528117

RESUMO

Stress coping strategies represent critical responses to environmental challenges, and active coping has been linked to stress resilience in humans. Understanding the neuroadaptations that support these strategies may provide insights into adaptive and maladaptive stress responses. NMDA receptors (NMDARs) play key roles in neuroadaptation, and NMDARs have been specifically implicated in stress responsiveness. Constitutive knockout mice have been used to implicate the GluN2D NMDAR subunit in regulation of stress-sensitive and affective behavior, but the brain regions in which GluN2D expression changes drive these effects remain unknown. Here we report that following an acute restraint stressor, GluN2D subunit expression is specifically decreased in the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis (BNST), a key region involved in stress processing, in male but not female mice, with no differences found in the thalamus or ventral hippocampus in either sex. Rodents engage in active struggling events during restraint stress that may represent active coping strategies to stress. Thus, we assessed active coping bouts during acute and chronic restraint stress sessions in GluN2D knockout mice. During the first restraint session, GluN2D knockout mice exhibited a pronounced decrease in struggling bouts during restraint stress relative to wild-type littermates, consistent with a role of GluN2D in active coping responses to stress. Repeated, daily restraint sessions revealed a sex-specific role of GluN2D expression on certain aspects of active coping behaviors, with male GluN2D KO mice exhibiting a decrease in total coping bouts measured across five sessions. However, BNST-specific knockdown of GluN2D in male mice did not alter active coping bouts, suggesting either a multi-synaptic role of GluN2D and/or a developmental role of GluN2D in this behavior. Altogether, these data are consistent with a growing literature suggesting that exploration of GluN2D control of stress circuit actions may lead to a novel therapeutic target to consider for stress-related mood disorders.


Assuntos
Receptores de N-Metil-D-Aspartato , Núcleos Septais , Animais , Feminino , Masculino , Camundongos , Adaptação Psicológica , Encéfalo/metabolismo , Hipocampo/metabolismo , Camundongos Knockout , Receptores de N-Metil-D-Aspartato/metabolismo , Restrição Física , Núcleos Septais/metabolismo , Estresse Psicológico
18.
J Affect Disord ; 321: 59-65, 2023 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36283536

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The prevalence of depression symptoms among U.S. adults increased dramatically during the early months of the COVID-19 pandemic. We sought to understand the impact of the pandemic on people with a history of depression. METHODS: In June 2020, a national sample of 5023 U.S. adults, including 760 reporting past/current diagnoses of depression, completed survey measures related to the COVID experience, coping, anxiety, depression, and PTSD. RESULTS: After adjusting for sociodemographic characteristics, a history of depression increased the odds of negative effects of pandemic on multiple aspects of life: routines, access to mental health treatment, alcohol use, prescription painkiller use, and other drug use. Those with a history of depression also scored significantly higher on the PHQ-8, GAD-7, and PDS-5 (all ps < 0.0001). Greater use of adaptive coping strategies was significantly associated with lower scores, and greater use of maladaptive strategies with higher scores. Individuals reporting a history of depression reported greater use of both adaptive and maladaptive strategies. CONCLUSIONS: Adaptive coping strategies appear to be protective and help regulate symptomatology, suggesting that particular focus during the clinical encounter on developing tools to promote well-being, alleviate stress, and decrease perceptions of helplessness could mitigate the effects.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Humanos , Adulto , Pandemias , Depressão/epidemiologia , Depressão/psicologia , Adaptação Psicológica , Ansiedade/epidemiologia
19.
Child Adolesc Ment Health ; 28(1): 67-75, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36514255

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cyberbullying is becoming a global threat with the ease of access to the internet. Although many studies addressed the relationship between coping strategies and cyber victimization, the role of coping strategies, protective or risk factors, on involvement in cyberbullying perpetration is unclear. Therefore, the present study aims to examine the effect of active, avoidant, and negative coping strategies and the sociodemographic variables (i.e., parents' education, gender, and family income) on cyberbullying perpetration behaviors. METHOD: The study was conducted on 1032 adolescents (mean age = 16.01 years; range = 14-18 years), 608 (58.9%) were female, and 424 (41.1%) were male. Personal Information Form, Cyberbullying Scale, and Coping Scale for Adolescents (the KIDCOPE) were used in data collection. Multiple regression analysis was performed for data analysis. RESULTS: The study's findings revealed that active coping strategy (ß = -.26, p < .001) was a protective factor for cyberbullying perpetration behaviors, whereas avoidant (ß = .31, p < .001) and negative coping (ß = .32, p < .001) strategies and the mother's education (ß = .10, p < .001) were risk factors. However, the study results showed that gender (ß = -.01, p > .05), family income (ß = .03, p > .05), and the father's education (ß = .01, p > .05) were not predicting factors of cyberbullying perpetration behaviors. CONCLUSIONS: The results are discussed in light of the relevant literature and presented some theoretical and practical implications.


Assuntos
Vítimas de Crime , Cyberbullying , Masculino , Humanos , Adolescente , Feminino , Turquia , Adaptação Psicológica , Fatores de Risco
20.
Psychol Rep ; : 332941221144603, 2022 Dec 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36471637

RESUMO

The present study examines the direct and indirect effects of trait emotional intelligence (trait EI) on levels of stress, anxiety and depression, and whether these are moderated by coping strategies. To this end, the Wong and Law Emotional Intelligence Scale, Coping Strategies Inventory and Depression Anxiety Stress Scales were administered to 567 university students. The findings point to a direct relationship between EI and the levels of anxiety, depression and stress. EI directly explained the university students' levels of anxiety, depression and stress, and it indirectly explained such levels through coping strategies. The article concludes by pointing out practical implications for university education and the improvement of students' socio-emotional well-being.

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