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1.
J Chromatogr A ; 1675: 463162, 2022 Jul 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35635871

RESUMO

Challenges encountered in plant metabolites characterization by liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry can arise from the insufficient chromatography separation, the lack of specific database, and low reliability of identification because of the ubiquitous isomerism. Herein, we present an integral approach, by combining comprehensive off-line two-dimensional liquid chromatography/ion mobility-quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (2D-LC/IM-QTOF-MS), automatic peak annotation, molecular networking, and collision cross section (CCS) prediction, aimed to improve the resolution and reliability in MS-oriented metabolites characterization. Using the seeds of Cuscuta chinensis as a case, the configuration of an XBridge Amide column of hydrophilic interaction chromatography (HILIC) and a Zorbax SB-Aq column of reversed-phase chromatography (RPC), in an off-line mode, showed the orthogonality of 0.73 and effective peak capacity of 4361. Data-independent high-definition MSE (HDMSE) in the negative mode could enable high-coverage MS2 data acquisition and enhance the ions resolution, while computational peak annotation workflows facilitated by UNIFITM and Global Natural Products Social Molecular Network (GNPS) could efficiently characterize the targeted and untargeted compound analogs. A total of 302 compounds were identified or tentatively characterized, and 109 thereof were unreported. Moreover, CCS prediction (www.allccs.zhulab.cn) provided more possibilities to distinguish 12 pairs of isomers in the lack of reference standards. The 2D-LC/IM-QTOF-MS approach enabled the collection of five dimension of data related to each component (tR by HILIC and RPC, CCS, m/z in MS1 and MS2), and the intelligent metabolites characterization with more reliable MS data. Conclusively, the established integral strategy can be utilized in metabolome analysis to support the quality control of herbal medicines.


Assuntos
Cuscuta , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos , Cromatografia Líquida , Espectrometria de Massas/métodos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
2.
Molecules ; 26(21)2021 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34771043

RESUMO

Neural stem cells (NSCs) exist in the central nervous system of adult animals and capable of self-replication. NSCs have two basic functions, namely the proliferation ability and the potential for multi-directional differentiation. In this study, based on the bioassay-guided fractionation, we aim to screen active components in Cuscuta chinensis to promote the proliferation of NSCs. CCK-8 assays were used as an active detection method to track the active components. On the basis of isolating active fraction and monomer compounds, the structures of these were identified by LC-MS and (1H, 13C) NMR. Moreover, active components were verified by pharmacodynamics and network pharmacology. The system solvent extraction method combined with the traditional isolation method were used to ensure that the fraction TSZE-EA-G6 of Cuscuta chinensis exhibited the highest activity. Seven chemical components were identified from the TSZE-EA-G6 fraction by UPLC-QE-Orbitrap-MS technology, which were 4-O-p-coumarinic acid, chlorogenic acid, 5-O-p-coumarinic acid, hyperoside, astragalin, isochlorogenic acid C, and quercetin-3-O-galactose-7-O-glucoside. Using different chromatographic techniques, five compounds were isolated in TSZE-EA-G6 and identified as kaempferol, kaempferol-3-O-glucoside (astragalin), quercetin-3-O-galactoside (hyperoside), chlorogenic acid, and sucrose. The activity study of these five compounds showed that the proliferation rate of kaempferol had the highest effects; at a certain concentration (25 µg/mL, 3.12 µg/mL), the proliferation rate could reach 87.44% and 59.59%, respectively. Furthermore, research results using network pharmacology techniques verified that kaempferol had an activity of promoting NSCs proliferation and the activity of flavonoid aglycones might be greater than that of flavonoid glycosides. In conclusion, this research shows that kaempferol is the active component in Cuscuta chinensis to promote the proliferation of NSCs.


Assuntos
Cuscuta/química , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Células-Tronco Neurais/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Fracionamento Químico , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Avaliação Pré-Clínica de Medicamentos , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/isolamento & purificação , Feminino , Espectrometria de Massas , Células-Tronco Neurais/citologia , Ratos
3.
Avicenna J Phytomed ; 11(3): 258-268, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34046322

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Chemoprevention of cancer by application of natural phytochemical compounds has been used to prevent, delay or suppress cancer progression. Cuscuta chinensis a traditional Iranian medicinal herb, has biological properties including anticancer, anti-aging, immuno-stimulatory and antioxidant effects. In this study, anti-proliferative effects of hydroalcoholic extract of C. chinensis on prostate (PC3) and breast (MCF7) cancer cell lines were investigated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In the current study, we investigated treatment of PC3 cells with different concentrations of C. chinensis (0, 100, 200, 300, 400, and 500 µg/ml) for 24 and 48 hr; also, MCF7 cells were treated with various concentrations (0-600 µg/ml) of C. chinensis for 48 and 72 hr and cell viability was assessed by 3-(4, 5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2, 5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay. mRNA expression of BCL2 Associated X (Bax), B-cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl2), Cysteine-aspartic proteases (Caspase3) and Phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN) were analyzed by quantitative real-time PCR. Annexin V/PI staining and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) cytotoxicity assay were used to detect apoptosis. RESULTS: C. chinensis decreased PC3 and MCF7 cells viability in a dose- and time-dependent manner (p<0.01 to p<0.001). The gene expression of BAX/Bcl2 ratio, Caspase3 and PTEN increased in C. chinensis-treated cells compared to the control group. C. chinensis induced apoptosis (p<0.001) and LDH activity (p<0.01 to p<0.001). CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest that C. chinensis extract is able to inhibit proliferation and induce apoptosis in PC3 and MCF7 cell lines. Therefore, C. chinensis extract exerts antitumor activity against cancer cells.

4.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 273: 114005, 2021 Jun 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33705922

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGY RELEVANCE: Cuscuta chinensis Lam. (Convolvulaceae) had received growing attention as a traditional medicinal herb widely used for treating female impotence, abortion, male reproductive system disease and cardiovascular diseases, respectively. AIM OF THE STUDY: The present study investigated the acute and sub-acute toxicities of C. chinensis water extract (CLW) in the ICR mice model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Various doses of CLW (1250, 2500, and 5000 mg/kg) were administered consecutively for 14 days to evaluate the acute toxicity level with examine mortality, general behavior, body weight, food and water intake of the mice. At the end of treatmet, macroscopic observation of the skin and major internal organs in the abdominal part and organ coefficients were taken. The same doses were administered daily for 28 days to determine the sub-acute toxicity level with examine mortality, general behavior, body weight, food and water intake of the mice. At the end of treatmet, macroscopical examination of organs, tissues, cavities, organ coefficients, pathology, hematological and biochemical parameters were carried out. RESULTS: The acute toxicity test results revealed an LD 50 of over 5000 mg/kg for CLW. Similarly, no CLW-related mortality and severe toxicities were experienced in the sub-acute study. However, the treatment of CLW had a reducing effect on body weight of both male and female mice, and feed intake in female mice at the all tested doses (1250, 2500 and 5000 mg/kg). Moreover, significant effects in organ coefficients of brain, liver, lung, testis and thymus became apparent due to CLW mainly at the 2500 and 5000 mg/kg. The hematological analysis result showed a significant decrease in platelets, lymphocytes, and hematocrit. In contrast, a significant increase in the neutrophils was observed in the CLW treated groups (2500 and 5000 mg/kg). Biochemical test results showed a significant increase in aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase, and alkaline phosphatase levels while decreasing albumin, total cholesterol and triglyceride levels after treatment of CLW mostly at the doses of 2500 and 5000 mg/kg. Mild liver toxicity in both sexes treated with 5000 mg/kg of CLW was recorded in the histopathological analysis. CONCLUSIONS: Overall, our results suggested that CLW is safe at its dose lower than 1250 mg/kg, although liver toxicity from daily use may be a matter of concern.


Assuntos
Cuscuta/química , Extratos Vegetais/toxicidade , Animais , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Feminino , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos ICR , Extratos Vegetais/administração & dosagem , Extratos Vegetais/química , Plantas Medicinais
5.
Front Pharmacol ; 12: 604435, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33633573

RESUMO

To uncover potential anti-aging capacities of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans was used to investigate the effects of Eucommia ulmoides and Cuscuta chinensis extracts, selected by screening seven TCM extracts, on different healthspan parameters. Nematodes exposed to E. ulmoides and C. chinensis extracts, starting at the young adult stage, exhibited prolonged lifespan and increased survival after heat stress as well as upon exposure to the pathogenic bacterium Photorhabdus luminescens, whereby the survival benefits were monitored after stress initiation at different adult stages. However, only C. chinensis had the ability to enhance physical fitness: the swimming behavior and the pharyngeal pumping rate of C. elegans were improved at day 7 and especially at day 12 of adulthood. Finally, monitoring the red fluorescence of aged worms revealed that only C. chinensis extracts caused suppression of intestinal autofluorescence, a known marker of aging. The results underline the different modes of action of the tested plants extracts. E. ulmoides improved specifically the physiological fitness by increasing the survival probability of C. elegans after stress, while C. chinensis seems to be an overall healthspan enhancer, reflected in the suppressed autofluorescence, with beneficial effects on physical as well as physiological fitness. The C. chinensis effects may be hormetic: this is supported by increased gene expression of hsp-16.1 and by trend, also of hsp-12.6.

6.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 270: 113790, 2021 Apr 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33460759

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Cuscuta chinensis Lam. and Lycium barbarum L. (SC-FL) is a commonly used kidney tonic Chinese medicine combination that is widely used in the clinical treatment of oligoasthenospermia.However, its specific mechanism remains unclear and requires in-depth study. AIM OF THE STUDY: To explore the potential targets of SC-FL in the treatment of oligoasthenospermia using network pharmacology, and to verify the results with in vivo and in vitro experiments. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A herb-compound-target-disease network and PPI network were constructed with Cytoscape software. The targets of SC-FL for the treatment of male sterility were introduced into a bioinformatics annotation database, and the GO and KEGG databases were used for pathway enrichment analysis. Subsequently, Tripterygium wilfordii Hook. f. (GTW) polyglycoside was used to induce a spermatogenic dysfunction model in GC-1 spg cells and SD male rats in in vitro and in vivo experiments, respectively. The SC-FL and PI3K pathway inhibitor LY294002 was used to intervene in the spermatogenic dysfunction model to detect the expression of proteins and mRNA related to the PI3K pathway and to detect the indicators related to proliferation and apoptosis. RESULTS: In in vitro experiments, the percentage of spermatogenic cells and the proportion of GC-1 spg cells at G0/G1 and G2/M stages in the model group (GTW group) and the inhibitor group (LY group) were significantly decreased (P < 0.01) compared with the blank control group (NC group). The apoptosis rate of the GTW group was significantly increased (P < 0.01). The ultrastructures of GC-1 spg cells in the GTW group and LY group were obviously destroyed. Compared with the GTW group, the SC-FL group had a significantly reduced apoptosis rate of GC-1 spg cells, reduced percentage of cells in S phase, and a significantly improved mitochondrial membrane potential. SC-FL can repair the ultrastructure of GC-1 spg cells damaged by GTW. The above effects of SC-FL are closely related to up-regulation of GFRa1, RET, PI3K, p-AKT, and Bcl-2 and down-regulation of BAD and BAX proteins and mRNA expression. In vivo, compared with the GTW group, the body mass, testicular mass, and epididymal weight of the GTW + SC-FL group were significantly increased (P < 0.01). Sperm concentrations and the PR + NP of GTW + SC-FL were significantly higher than in the GTW group (P < 0.01 or P < 0.05). FSH, LH, and T levels in the GTW + SC-FL and LY + SC-FL groups were significantly higher than those in the GTW and LY group (P < 0.01 or P < 0.05). HE staining results showed that the morphology of testicular tissue in the GTW + SC-FL and LY + SC-FL groups was superior to that in the GTW and LY group. The above effects of SC-FL are closely related to the up-regulation of proteins and mRNA expression of PI3K, p-AKT, and Bcl-2. CONCLUSION: Through the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway, SC-FL up-regulates GFRa1, RET, PI3K, p-AKT, and Bcl-2, and down-regulates the expression of BAD and BAX proteins and mRNA, thus reducing the percentage of GC-1 spg cells in S-phase, significantly increasing the mitochondrial membrane potential, significantly reducing cell apoptosis, and improving sperm counts and viability.


Assuntos
Astenozoospermia/tratamento farmacológico , Cuscuta/química , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Lycium/química , Animais , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Astenozoospermia/induzido quimicamente , Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular , Cuscuta/metabolismo , Bases de Dados Factuais , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Hormônios Esteroides Gonadais/sangue , Lycium/metabolismo , Masculino , Potencial da Membrana Mitocondrial/efeitos dos fármacos , Camundongos , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinase/genética , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinase/metabolismo , Mapas de Interação de Proteínas , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Sementes/química , Sementes/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Espermatogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Espermatozoides/efeitos dos fármacos , Espermatozoides/ultraestrutura , Testículo/patologia , Tripterygium/toxicidade
7.
J Pharm Biomed Anal ; 195: 113847, 2021 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33358618

RESUMO

As a traditional Chinese medicine of invigorating the kidney, Cuscuta chinensis (CC) can be applied in improving the deficiency of kidney qi in menopausal women and regulating the level of estrogen. Previously, it was found that the ethanol extract of CC had an estrogen-like effect. In this study, the metabolic profile and metabolic pathways of rats in sham, ovariectomized model and CC groups were analyzed using UPLC-TOFMS-based metabolomics and the pattern recognition technology. The serum endogenouse metabolites could be well differentiated in different group, indicating significant differences of metabolic profiles. CC had an reverse adjustment effect on 14 differential metabolites of ovariectomized rats, including sinapyl alcohol, deoxycholic acid, prostaglandin B2, prostaglandin I2, dihydrosphingosine, choline, pentadecanoic acid, arachidonic acid, 1-stearoyl-Sn-Glycerol-3-Phosphocholine, palmitoleic acid, palmitic acid, vaccenic acid, oleic acid and stearic acid. Furthermore, these differential metabolites were categorized into several major pathways, such as biosynthesis of unsaturated fatty acids, lycerophospholipid metabolism and arachidonic acid metabolism. Therefore, it could be concluded that the estrogen-like effect of CC was related to the lipid metabolism to some extent. The research results provide useful help for the in-depth research and development of CC.


Assuntos
Cuscuta , Animais , Glicerol/análogos & derivados , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos , Metaboloma , Metabolômica , Fosforilcolina/análogos & derivados , Ratos
8.
Zhonghua Nan Ke Xue ; 26(7): 639-644, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33377721

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of Cuscuta chinensis flavonoids (CCF) on the expression of the granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) in the testis of the rat with oligozoospermia (OZ). METHODS: Thirty SD male rats were randomly divided into three groups of equal number, blank control, OZ model control and CCF intervention. The OZ model was established in the latter two groups by intraperitoneal injection of cyclophosphamide at 30 mg/kg qd for 5 successive days. From the 6th day, the rats in the CCF intervention group were treated intragastrically with mixed suspension of CCF at 5 mL/kg and those in the other two groups with normal saline, all for 4 weeks. The epididymal sperm concentration and motility and the testicular morphology were examined and the expression of GM-CSF in the testis tissue detected with the SELDI Protein Chip. RESULTS: Compared with the rats in the blank control and CCF intervention groups, the OZ model controls showed dramatically decreased epididymal sperm concentration and motility (both P < 0.01) and significant morphological changes in the testis with deformed seminiferous tubules and reduced number and disordered arrangement of spermatogenic cells. Normal testicular morphology was observed in the CCF intervention group and there were no statistically significant differences in sperm concentration and motility between the CCF intervention and blank control groups (P > 0.05). The expression of GM-CSF was significantly up-regulated in the testis tissue of the OZ model controls but lower than the minimum value obtained with the SELDI Protein Chip in the blank control and CCF intervention groups. CONCLUSIONS: Cuscuta chinensis flavonoids can significantly down-regulate the expression of GM-CSF in the testis of the rats with cyclophosphamide-induced oligozoospermia.


Assuntos
Cuscuta/química , Flavonoides/farmacologia , Fator Estimulador de Colônias de Granulócitos e Macrófagos/metabolismo , Oligospermia , Testículo/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Masculino , Oligospermia/induzido quimicamente , Oligospermia/tratamento farmacológico , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Espermatozoides , Testículo/metabolismo
9.
Plants (Basel) ; 9(11)2020 Oct 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33105814

RESUMO

To guarantee the safety and efficacy of herbal medicines, accurate identification and quality evaluation are crucial. The ripe dried seeds of Cuscuta australis R.Br. and C. chinensis Lam. are known as Cuscutae Semen (CS) and are widely consumed in Northeast Asia; however, the seeds of other species can be misidentified as CS owing to morphological similarities, leading to misuse. In this report, we propose a multilateral strategy combining microscopic techniques with statistical analysis and DNA barcoding using a genus-specific primer to facilitate the identification and authentication of CS. Morphology-based identification using microscopy revealed that the useful diagnostic characteristics included general shape, embryo exudation, hairiness, and testa ornamentation, which were used to develop an effective identification key. In addition, we conducted DNA barcoding-based identification to ensure accurate authentication. A novel DNA barcode primer was produced from the chloroplast rbcL gene by comparative analysis using Cuscuta chloroplast genome sequences, which allowed four Cuscuta species and adulterants to be discriminated completely. Therefore, this investigation overcame the limitations of universal DNA barcodes for Cuscuta species with high variability. We believe that this integrated approach will enable CS to be differentiated from other species, thereby improving its quality control and product safety in medicinal markets.

10.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(3): 761-765, June 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1098317

RESUMO

Oligozoospermia is a common infertility disease, and the incidence rate is increasing year by year. Cuscuta chinensis is a commonly used medicine for the treatment of oligozoospermia in Chinese medicine. Flavonoids are its main component. GM-CSF is a multifunctional cytokine that plays an important role in the inflammatory response. In this paper, we performed HE staining and immunohistochemical staining on the testis of rats with oligozoospermia. We intend to study the expression changes of GM-CSF in rats with oligospermia and the effect of flavonoids on the expression of GM-CSF in testis of rats with oligozoospermia.


La oligozoospermia es una enfermedad común de infertilidad, con una tasa de incidencia que aumenta año tras año. Cuscuta chinensis es un medicamento de uso común para el tratamiento de la oligozoospermia en la medicina china. Los flavonoides son su componente principal. GM-CSF es una citocina multifuncional que tiene un rol importante en la respuesta inflamatoria. En este trabajo, realizamos tinción con hematoxilina y eosina y tinción inmunohistoquímica en testículos de ratas con oligozoospermia. TNuestro objetivo fue estudiar los cambios de expresión de GM-CSF en ratas con oligozoospermia y el efecto de los flavonoides en la expresión de GM-CSF en testículos de ratas con oligozoospermia.


Assuntos
Animais , Masculino , Ratos , Oligospermia/metabolismo , Oligospermia/tratamento farmacológico , Flavonoides/administração & dosagem , Fator Estimulador de Colônias de Granulócitos e Macrófagos/metabolismo , Cuscuta , Testículo/efeitos dos fármacos , Testículo/metabolismo , Imuno-Histoquímica , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
11.
BMC Ecol ; 20(1): 28, 2020 05 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32386506

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The climate is the dominant factor that affects the distribution of plants. Cuscuta chinensis is a stem holoparasitic plant without leaves or roots, which develops a haustorium and sucks nutrients from host plants. The potential distribution of the parasitic plant C. chinensis has not been predicted to date. This study used Maxent modeling to predict the potential global distribution of C. chinensis, based on the following six main bioclimatic variables: annual mean temperature, isothermality, temperature seasonality, precipitation seasonality, precipitation of the warmest quarter, and precipitation of the coldest quarter. RESULTS: The optimal annual average temperature and isothermality of C. chinensis ranged from 4 to 37 °C and less than 45, respectively, while the optimal temperature seasonality and precipitation seasonality ranged from 4000 to 25,000 and from 50 to 130, respectively. The optimal precipitation of the warmest season ranged from 300 to 1000 mm and from 2500 to 3500 mm, while that of the coldest season was less than 2000 mm. In Asia, C. chinensis is mainly distributed at latitudes ranging from 20° N to 50° N. During three specific historical periods (last glacial maximum, mid-Holocene, and 1960-1990) the habitats suitable for C. chinensis were concentrated in the central, northern, southern, and eastern parts of China. From the last glacial maximum to the mid-Holocene, the total area with suitability of 0.5-1 increased by 0.0875 million km2; however, from the mid-Holocene to 1960-1990, the total area with suitability of 0.5-1 decreased by 0.0759 million km2. The simulation results of habitat suitability in the two representative concentration pathways (RCP) 2.6 (i.e., the low greenhouse gas emissions pathway) and 8.5 (i.e., the high greenhouse gas emissions pathway) indicate that the habitat suitability of C. chinensis decreased in response to the warming climate. Compared with RCP2.6, areas with averaged suitability and high suitability for survival (RCP8.5) decreased by 0.18 million km2. CONCLUSION: Suitable habitats of C. chinensis are situated in central, northern, southern, and eastern China. The habitat suitability of C. chinensis decreased in response to the warming climate. These results provide a reference for the management and control of C. chinensis.


Assuntos
Cuscuta , Aquecimento Global , China , Mudança Climática , Ecossistema
12.
Andrologia ; 51(11): e13427, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31583719

RESUMO

Bisphenol A (BPA) is a widespread environmental endocrine disruptor that has multiple effects on reproductive organ development. To investigate the effect of Cuscuta chinensis flavonoids (CCFs) on testicular apoptosis induced by BPA in male mice offspring, pregnant mice were administered intragastrically with BPA and CCF at gestation day (GD) 0.5-17.5. The testes of male offspring (F1 males) were collected at post-natal day (PND) 21 and PND 56 for the detection of related indicators. The results showed that compared with the BPA group, the testicular index in CCF groups was significantly increased at PND 21 (p < .01). For the mice of different concentrations of CCF groups, the expression levels of bax, caspase-9 and caspase-7 proteins were significantly decreased at PND 21 and PND 56, while the expression level of bcl-2 protein was significantly increased, and testicular apoptotic cells were also decreased significantly (p < .01 or p < .05). Forty mg/kg CCF has no significant difference compared with the control group. The results indicated that CCF could protect the testis development of F1 male mice by alleviating the apoptosis of testicular cells induced by BPA.


Assuntos
Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Cuscuta , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Flavonoides/uso terapêutico , Testículo/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Compostos Benzidrílicos , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Feminino , Flavonoides/farmacologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Fenóis , Fitoterapia , Gravidez
13.
Mol Med Rep ; 19(2): 1238-1247, 2019 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30569113

RESUMO

High-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) is an efficient method that is widely used to assess the quality of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). It is well known that the quality of TCM has a direct effect on its efficacy; therefore, in order to thoroughly explain how TCM exerts its efficacy, it is necessary to characterize its active ingredients and assess their quality. The application of the spectrum­effect method is crucial for determining the pharmacological basis of materials. The aim of the present study was to examine the correlation between chemical spectra and estrogenic activity of Cuscuta chinensis Lam., in order to reveal active compounds with potential therapeutic effects. The spectra of Cuscuta chinensis Lam. were recorded using HPLC, and estrogenic activity was determined using a uterus growth test and MTT assay. Combination of the results of bivariate analysis, principal component analysis and Gray relational analysis identified 19 active compounds, as follows: Quercetin­3­O­(2'­O­α­rhamnosy­6'­O­malony)­â€‹ß­D­glucoside, ka-empferol­3­O­ß­D­aplosyl­(1→2)­â€‹[­α­â€‹L­rhamnosy­(1→6)]­ß-wD-glucoside, 6­O­(E)­P­coumaroyl)­ß­â€‹D­fructofuranosyl­(2→1)­α­D­glucopyranoside, kaempferol­7­rhamnosy, kaempferol­3­ß­D-glucuronide, apigenin, 4­caffeoyl­5­coumaroylquinic acid, kaempferol­3­arabofuranoside, quercetin­3­O-ß­D-apiofuranosyl-(1→2)-ß­D­galactoside, dicaffeoylquinic acid, hyperin, quercitin, isorhamnetin, chlorogenic acid, quercetin, quercltrin­2''­gallate, quercetin­3, 7­α­L­dirhamnoside and stigmasterol, as well as one unknown compound. The present study laid a foundation for in vivo metabolic studies regarding Cuscuta chinensis Lam. and for the development of its clinical application.


Assuntos
Cuscuta/química , Estrogênios/química , Extratos Vegetais/química , Animais , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Feminino , Espectrometria de Massas/métodos , Camundongos
14.
Molecules ; 23(12)2018 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30467292

RESUMO

The seeds of Cuscuta chinensis Lam. and C. campestris Yuncker have been commonly used as Chinese medical material for preventing aging. Our previous studies have found that C. chinensis and C. campestris possess anti-inflammatory activities in rodents. However, their other biological activities, such as memory-improving properties, have not yet been explored. In the present study, we examined the memory-improving effects of the extracts of C. chinensis and C. campestris on scopolamine (SCOP)-induced memory deficit and explored their underlying mechanism in mice. Both Cuscuta species improved SCOP-induced memory deficits in the passive avoidance test, elevated plus-maze, and spatial performance test of the Morris water maze in mice. In addition, compared with mice injected with SCOP, mice pretreated with both Cuscuta species stayed for a longer time on the platform for the probe test of the Morris water maze. Moreover, both Cuscuta species reduced brain acetylcholinesterase activity and malondialdehyde levels that were increased by SCOP, and the species restored the activities of antioxidant enzymes (superoxide dismutase and catalase) and the levels of glutathione that were decreased by SCOP in the brains of mice. Both Cuscuta species further decreased brain interleukin-1ß and tumor necrosis factor-α levels that were elevated by SCOP. We demonstrated that both Cuscuta species exhibited a protective activity against SCOP-induced memory deficit, cholinergic dysfunction, oxidative damage, and neuroinflammation in mice, and C. campestris has better potential than C. chinensis. In addition, we provided evidence that the seeds of C. campestris can be used as Cuscutae Semen in Traditional Chinese Medicine.


Assuntos
Cuscuta/química , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/administração & dosagem , Transtornos da Memória/tratamento farmacológico , Oxirredução/efeitos dos fármacos , Escopolamina/efeitos adversos , Acetilcolinesterase/metabolismo , Animais , Aprendizagem da Esquiva/efeitos dos fármacos , Encéfalo/metabolismo , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Interleucina-1/metabolismo , Peroxidação de Lipídeos/efeitos dos fármacos , Malondialdeído/metabolismo , Transtornos da Memória/induzido quimicamente , Transtornos da Memória/metabolismo , Camundongos , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo
15.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 51(7): e7256, 2018. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-951731

RESUMO

Cuscuta chinensis polysaccharide (CPS) was extracted using hot water and enzymatically hydrolyzed C. chinensis polysaccharide (ECPS) was produced by the mannase enzymatic hydrolysis process. The purpose of this research was to investigate the antimelanogenic activity of ECPS and CPS in B16F10 melanoma cells. The in vitro antioxidant activity was assessed by their ferric iron reducing power and DPPH free radical scavenging activities. The molecular mass distribution of polysaccharides was determined using SEC-MALLS-RI. CPS was successfully enzymatically degraded using mannase and the weighted average molecular weights of CPS and ECPS were 434.6 kDa and 211.7 kDa. The results of biological activity assays suggested that the enzymatically hydrolyzed polysaccharide had superior antimelanogenic activity and antioxidant effect than the original polysaccharide. ECPS exhibited antimelanogenic activity by down-regulating the expression of tyrosinase, MITF, and TRP-1 without cytotoxic effects in B16F10 melanoma cells. In conclusion, ECPS have the potential to become a skin whitening product.


Assuntos
Animais , Polissacarídeos/farmacologia , Melanoma Experimental/patologia , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Cuscuta/química , Melanócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Polissacarídeos/isolamento & purificação , Polissacarídeos/química , Sementes/química , Extratos Vegetais/química , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Hidrólise , Antioxidantes/isolamento & purificação , Antioxidantes/química
16.
Electrophoresis ; 37(12): 1632-9, 2016 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26955793

RESUMO

An in-capillary 2, 2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH)-CE-the DAD (in-capillary DPPH-CE-DAD) combined with reversed-electrode polarity stacking mode has been developed to screen and quantify the active antioxidant components of Cuscuta chinensis Lam. The operation parameters were optimized with regard to the pH and concentration of buffer solution, SDS, ß-CDs, organic modifier, as well as separation voltage and temperature. Six antioxidants including chlorogenic acid, p-coumaric acid, rutin, hyperin, isoquercitrin, and astragalin were screened and the total antioxidant activity of the complex matrix was successfully evaluated based on the decreased peak area of DPPH by the established DPPH-CE-DAD method. Sensitivity was enhanced under reversed-electrode polarity stacking mode and 10- to 31-fold of magnitude improvement in detection sensitivity for each analyte was attained. The results demonstrated that the newly established in-capillary DPPH-CE-DAD method combined with reversed-electrode polarity stacking mode could integrate sample concentration, the oxidizing reaction, separation, and detection into one capillary to fully automate the system. It was considered a suitable technique for the separation, screening, and determination of trace antioxidants in natural products.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/análise , Cuscuta/química , Eletroforese Capilar/instrumentação , Compostos de Bifenilo , Tampões (Química) , Eletroforese Capilar/métodos , Desenho de Equipamento , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Picratos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
17.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 157: 292-308, 2014 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25281912

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Cuscuta chinensis Lam. has found its use as a traditional medicine in China, Korea, Pakistan, Vietnam, India and Thailand. It is commonly used as an anti-aging agent, anti-inflammatory agent, pain reliever and aphrodisiac. To provide an overview of the ethnopharmacology, phytochemistry, pharmacokinetics, pharmacology and clinical applications of Cuscuta chinensis, as well as being an evidence base for further research works of the plant. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present review covers the literature available from 1985 to 2014. The information was collected from journals, books, theses and electronic search (Google Scholar, PubMed, ScienceDirect, ESBCO, Springerlink and CNKI). Literature abstracts and full-text articles were analyzed and included in the review. RESULTS: Many phytochemicals have been isolated, identified and published to date, including: at least 18 flavonoids; 13 phenolic acids; 2 steroids; 1 hydroquinone; 10 volatile oils; 22 lignans; 9 polysaccharides; 2 resin glycosides; 16 fatty acids. These phytochemicals and plant extracts exhibit a range of pharmacological activities that include hepatoprotective, renoprotective, antiosteoporotic, antioxidant, anti-aging, antimutagenic, antidepressant, improve sexual function, abortifacient effects, etc. CONCLUSION: This present review offers primary information for further studies of Cuscuta chinensis. The in vitro studies and in vivo models have provided a bioscientific explanation for its various ethnopharmacological uses and pharmacological activities (most notably antioxidant effects) especially in the prevention of hepatic disease and renal failure. It is necessary and important to do more pharmacokinetic and toxicological research works on human subjects in order to inform the possible active compounds in the body and validate its safety in clinical uses.


Assuntos
Cuscuta/química , Medicina Tradicional , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Animais , Etnofarmacologia , Humanos , Extratos Vegetais/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacocinética
18.
Chin J Nat Med ; 12(8): 573-81, 2014 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25156282

RESUMO

AIM: To investigate the anti-inflammatory activities of the semen extract of Cuscuta chinensis Lam. (Cuscutae Semen; CS) on the production of inflammatory mediators, nitric oxide (NO), prostaglandin 2 (PGE2), and proinflammatory cytokines in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated BV-2 microglia. METHOD: BV-2 cells were treated with CS extract for 30 min, and then stimulated with LPS or without for 24 h. The levels of NO, PGE2 and proinflammatory cytokines were measured by Griess assay and ELISA. The expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), and cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 mRNA and protein was determined by RT-PCR and Western blot, respectively. The phosphorylation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2), Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK), and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK), and the nuclear expression of nuclear factor (NF)-κB p65 were investigated by Western blot analysis. RESULTS: CS extract significantly decreased the production of NO and PGE2 by suppressing the expression of iNOS and COX-2 in activated microglia. CS extract decreased the production of TNF-α, IL-1ß, and IL-6 by down-regulating their transcription levels. In addition, CS extract suppressed the phosphorylation of ERK1/2, JNK, and p38 MAPK, and the nuclear translocation of NF-κB p65 in activated microglia. CONCLUSION: These results indicate that CS extract is capable of suppressing the inflammatory response by microglia activation, suggesting that CS extract has potential in the treatment of brain inflammation.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/uso terapêutico , Cuscuta , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Mediadores da Inflamação/metabolismo , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Microglia/efeitos dos fármacos , Fitoterapia , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/metabolismo , Citocinas/metabolismo , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Inflamação/induzido quimicamente , Inflamação/metabolismo , Interleucina-1beta/metabolismo , Lipopolissacarídeos , Camundongos , Microglia/metabolismo , Proteínas Quinases Ativadas por Mitógeno/metabolismo , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Óxido Nítrico/metabolismo , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo II/metabolismo , Fosforilação , Sementes , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo
19.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 154(1): 240-8, 2014 May 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24746484

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Cuscuta chinensis seeds have traditionally been used to treat freckles and melasma in Asia, although recent reports have revealed that Semen cuscutae is a promoter of melanogenesis. The present study aims to investigate the mechanism of this opposite effect of Semen cuscutae on melanogenesis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In accordance with traditional usage, the water fraction and the ethanol fraction from Semen cuscutae (WFSC/EFSC) were extracted to determine the herbal effects by examining the activity of mushroom tyrosinase, cellular melanin contents, tyrosinase activity assay, quantitative-reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR), and Western blot analysis for tyrosinase in B16F10 mouse melanoma cells. The melanocyte phenotypes of zebrafish larvae were observed while the in vivo melanin contents and tyrosinase activity were determined. RESULTS: The activity of mushroom tyrosinase assay shown that WFSC was an uncompetitive inhibitor of mushroom tyrosinase, while EFSC indicated dose-dependent activation of the mushroom tyrosinase activity. The WFSC markedly inhibited 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine (IBMX)-stimulated melanin synthesis and tyrosinase activity in vitro. Howeveran accelerant role in melanin synthesis and tyosinase activity. Neither fraction had any effect on the IBMX-induced expression of tyrosinase protein or mRNA. The WFSC strongly inhibited melanin synthesis and cellular tyrosinase activity in vivo. Furthermore, with the function of WFSC at a higher concentration, a punctate melanocyte pattern appeared that was similar to the pattern induced by arbutin or Mequinol (MQ). The EFSC had no effect on the melanocytes of zebrafish larvae. It was discovered that WFSC did not show a stable inhibitory effect until it was extracted 1 month later. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that the opposite effects of Cuscuta chinensis seeds were caused by the extraction methods and that time has an important role on the effect of WFSC. Both WFSC and EFSC significantly influence melanogenesis by regulating enzymatic activity of tyrosinase. In addition, the data indicate that wildtype (WT) zebrafish may be an ideal model for testing inhibitors of melanogenesis from clinically active herbs.


Assuntos
Cuscuta , Melaninas/metabolismo , Monofenol Mono-Oxigenase/metabolismo , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Sementes/química , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Etanol/química , Larva , Melanócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Melanócitos/metabolismo , Melanoma Experimental , Camundongos , Solventes/química , Água/química , Peixe-Zebra
20.
Res Pharm Sci ; 9(2): 115-22, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25657780

RESUMO

Previous studies have indicated that some species of Cuscuta possess anticancer activity on various cell lines. Due to the lack of detailed researches on the cytotoxic effects of Cuscuta chinensis and Cuscuta epithymum, the aim of the present study was to evaluate cytotoxic effects of chloroform and hydroalcoholic extracts of these plants on the human breast carcinoma cell line (MDA-MB-468), human colorectal adenocarcinoma cell line (HT29) and human uterine cervical carcinoma (Hela). Using maceration method, different extracts of aerial parts of C. chinensis and C. epithymum were prepared. Extraction was performed using chloroform and ethanol/water (70/30). Total phenolic contents of the extracts were determined according to the Folin-Ciocalteu method. Using MTT assay, the cytotoxic activity of the extracts against HT29, Hela and MDA-MB-468 tumor cells was evaluated. Extracts were considered cytotoxic when more than 50% reduction on cell survival was observed. The poly-phenolic content of the hydroalcoholic and chloroform extracts of C. chinensis and C. epithymum were 56.08 ± 4.11, 21.49 ± 2.00, 10.64 ± 0.86 and 4.81 ± 0.38, respectively. Our findings showed that the chloroform extracts of C. chinensis and C. epithyum significantly reduced the viability of Hela, HT-29 and MDA-MB-468 cells. Also, hydroalcoholic extracts of C. chinensis significantly decreased the viability of HT29, Hela and MDA-MB-468 cells. However, in the case of hydroalcoholic extracts of C. epithymum only significant decrease in the viability of MDA-MB-468 cells was observed (IC50 = 340 µg/ml). From these findings it can be concluded that C. chinensis and C. epithymum are good candidates for further study to find new possible cytotoxic agents.

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