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Front Public Health ; 11: 1087276, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36992893


Objective: The impact of the aging population in China varies between regions. It is because regions with different resource endowments, such as those related to economy, population, and medical care, have different degrees of disability risk in the face of the increases in the disabled and semi-disabled older population caused by the overall aging of the population. This study aimed to construct an evaluation system to monitor and measure the degree of social disability risk in different regions in China and to evaluate and compare the degree of social disability risk in different regions using empirical data. Method: This study used the Delphi method to construct a social disability risk measurement index system with macro, meso, and micro dimensions. At the same time, based on the data of CHARLS2018, an AHP-entropy method was used to calculate the index's total weight, and the standard deviation classification method was used to classify the total and criterion-level measurement scores of 28 provinces. Results: The regional degree of social disability risk was analyzed in subdimensions. Our research indicates that China's social disability risk situation is not promising, with a general medium to high-risk level. The score of degree of social disability risk among provinces is consistent with the regional economic development level to a large extent. The risk of social disability varies significantly among the eastern and central, and western regions of China and the provinces within the three regions. Discussion: Currently, the situation facing the degree of social disability risk in China is that the overall risk level of the country is higher, and the difference between regions is significant. It is necessary to take measures to meet better the needs of the aging population and the disabled and semi-disabled older populations in a large-range, large-scale, multilevel way.

Desenvolvimento Econômico , China/epidemiologia
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36541299


The article considers evolution of research and views on challenges and menaces of demographic aging process in the works of national and foreign scientists. The characteristics of this process in regions of the Russian Federation consist in special diversity of social economic, climatic, geographical and mental conditions in which demographic processes proceed. This determined availability of various types and stages of demographic aging in regions of the Russian Federation as well as opportunities to temper negative consequences of this process.

Médicos , Meio Social , Humanos , Dinâmica Populacional , Federação Russa/epidemiologia
JMIR Res Protoc ; 11(8): e39032, 2022 Aug 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35969445


BACKGROUND: Policies that promote aging in place are common in Sweden and many other countries. However, the current housing stock cannot sufficiently accommodate a population aging in place considering how functional capacity and housing needs change as people age. To be suitable for all regardless of their functional ability, housing should be designed or adapted to facilitate the performance of activities of daily living. Long-term planning and plausible projections of development 20 to 30 years into the future are needed. OBJECTIVE: The overall aim is to develop simulation models that enable long-term predictions and analysis of potential consequences in terms of societal gains and costs for different large-scale measures and interventions in the ordinary housing stock. METHODS: This study is designed as a simulation study and will broadly apply health impact assessment methods in collaboration with five municipalities in Sweden. Individual interviews and research circles were used to identify current and prioritize potential new policies to improve the accessibility of the housing stock. We will run a series of simulations based on an estimated willingness to pay from discussions with the municipalities. Two to three different prioritized policies will be compared simultaneously using Markov cohort analysis to estimate the potential costs and health impact on the population. Using data from a systematic review and existing population-based data sets with individual-level data on home and health variables, we will calculate parameter estimates for the relations between housing accessibility and health outcomes. The potential impact of selected policy interventions will be estimated in several microsimulations representing people living in the community. Sensitivity analyses will be conducted for each simulation. RESULTS: As of April 2022, open access data was collected, and a systematic review was underway and expected to be completed by November 2022. Collaboration with five municipalities was established in autumn 2020. In spring 2021, the municipalities developed a list of prioritized policy interventions to be tested and used in the simulation models. Inventories of barrier frequencies in ordinary housing started in spring 2022 and are expected to be completed in autumn 2022. Data gathering and analyses for simulation inputs will be completed during 2022 followed by the simulation modeling analyses to be completed in 2023. CONCLUSIONS: Improved accessibility of the ordinary housing stock has the potential to maintain or improve the health of the aging population. This study will generate tools that enable long-term predictions and reliable cost-benefit estimates related to the housing adaptation needs for a population aging in place, thus providing support for the best-informed policy decisions. INTERNATIONAL REGISTERED REPORT IDENTIFIER (IRRID): DERR1-10.2196/39032.

Front Pharmacol ; 13: 832994, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35237170


Purpose: The frequency of medication prescribing and polypharmacy has increased in recent years in different settings, including Swiss general practice. We aimed to describe patient age- and sex-specific rates of polypharmacy and of prescriptions of the most frequent medication classes, and to explore practitioner variability in prescribing. Methods: Retrospective cross-sectional study based on anonymized electronic medical records data of 111 811 adult patients presenting to 116 Swiss general practitioners in 2019. We used mixed-effects regression analyses to assess the association of patient age and sex with polypharmacy (≥5 medications) and with the prescription of specific medication classes (second level of the Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical Classification System). Practitioner variability was quantified in terms of the random effects distributions. Results: The prevalence of polypharmacy increased with age from 6.4% among patients aged 18-40 years to 19.7% (41-64 years), 45.3% (65-80 years), and 64.6% (81-92 years), and was higher in women than in men, particularly at younger ages. The most frequently prescribed medication classes were antiinflammatory and antirheumatic products (21.6% of patients), agents acting on the renin-angiotensin system (19.9%), analgesics (18.7%), and drugs for acid related disorders (18.3%). Men were more often prescribed agents targeting the cardiovascular system, whereas most other medications were more often prescribed to women. The highest practitioner variabilities were observed for vitamins, for antiinflammatory and antirheumatic products, and for mineral supplements. Conclusion: Based on practitioner variability, prevalence, and risk potential, antiinflammatory drugs and polypharmacy in older patients appear to be the most pressing issues in current drug prescribing routines.

Edumecentro ; 14: e1848, 2022.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1404648


RESUMEN Introducción: los pronósticos demográficos avizoran que el envejecimiento será uno de los más serios problemas que enfrente la humanidad en este siglo: de allí la necesidad del enfoque multidimensional por los profesionales de la salud. Objetivo: analizar con fines educativos los mecanismos existentes de protección del adulto mayor para un enfoque multidimensional por los profesionales de la salud en Cuba. Métodos: se realizó una revisión de fuentes bibliográficas en SciELO, Google Académico y artículos de revistas impresas y digitales. Se seleccionaron 25 textos por su pertinencia con el estudio. Se evaluaron publicaciones en idioma español de autores cubanos y extranjeros, fundamentalmente de países iberoamericanos. El análisis se centró en libros, tesis, documentos legales y artículos publicados en los últimos 10 años, aunque también se referencian otros de más larga data, por ser clásicos en el tema. Desarrollo: Se constató la existencia de varias políticas médicas y sociales para proteger los adultos mayores e instituciones jurídicas que pueden utilizarse. Para una correcta evaluación multidimensional, los profesionales del sector cubano de la salud necesitan conocer las regulaciones jurídicas referentes a los adultos mayores y el código de familia que regula el derecho de la población de la tercera edad. Conclusiones: Cuba se ubica entre los países con un estado de envejecimiento avanzado; la respuesta estatal al crecimiento del envejecimiento poblacional se ha dirigido, fundamentalmente, a la atención médica y la protección a través de la seguridad social.

ABSTRACT Introduction: demographic forecasts predict that aging will be one of the most serious problems facing humanity in this century: hence the need for a multidimensional approach by health professionals. Objective: to analyze for educational purposes the existing protection mechanisms for the elderly for a multidimensional approach by health professionals in Cuba. Methods: a review of bibliographic sources was carried out in SciELO, Google Scholar and articles from printed and electronic magazines. 25 texts were selected for their relevance to the study. Publications in Spanish by Cuban and foreign authors, mainly from Ibero-American countries, were evaluated. The analysis focused on books, theses, legal documents and articles published in the last 10 years, although others of longer standing are also referenced, as they are classics on the subject. Development: The existence of several medical and social policies to protect older adults and legal institutions that can be used was verified. For a correct multidimensional evaluation, professionals in the Cuban health branch need to know the legal regulations regarding the elderly and the family code that regulates the right of the elderly population. Conclusions: Cuba is located among the countries with a state of advanced aging; The state response to the growth of the aging population has been directed, fundamentally, at medical care and protection through social security.

Probl Radiac Med Radiobiol ; 26: 162-187, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês, Ucraniano | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34965547


BACKGROUND: Depopulation processes in Ukraine have been affected by the Chornobyl catastrophe (ChC), but therate of demographic aging of survivors remains uncertain. Although the mental health disorders of the survivors arerecognized internationally, problems of their research remain unresolved. Thus, these areas of research are relevant.Objective is to determine the rate of demographic aging of survivors of the Chornobyl NPP (ChNPP) accident and toanalyze the state of their mental health survey, outlining solutions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Information and statistical sources for 1986-2019 of the Ministry of Health of Ukraine andthe State Statistics Service of Ukraine on the age of the ChC survivors are used. The results of previous own researchand other scientists using the data of the Clinical and Epidemiological Register (CER) of the State Institution«National Research Center for Radiation Medicine of the National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine¼(NRCRM), the State Register of ChC survivors (SRU), and the Department of Radiation Psychoneurology, Institute ofClinical Radiology, NRCRM are integrated. Theoretical, general scientific, demographic and mathematical-statisticalresearch methods and documentary analysis are used. RESULTS: It is shown that in 2018, compared to 1995, the number of the ChC survivors, who are under the supervi-sion of the Ministry of Health of Ukraine, decreased by almost 987 thousand. The part of people born from personsof the 1st-3rd accounting groups increased in the structure of survivors (from 13.1 % in 1995 to 13.6 %), and thisdecreased in persons living or lived in the territories subject to supervision (75.1 % and 63.1 %, respectively), butin evacuees and Chornobyl clean-up workers (liquidators) this did not change significantly. A high level of aging ofthe ChC survivors (except for the 4th group) is revealed: liquidators - 59.0 %; evacuees - 25.0 %, and residents ofradioactively contaminated territories (RCT) - 30.7 %. It has been proved that the countries of RCT differ signifi-cantly in the number of the ChC survivors and their structure. The increase in the post-accident period indicators ofthe level of aging and the average age of the RCT population indicates negative changes in age parameters and theneed to continue research to identify factors «responsible¼ for such changes. Long-term mental health disordersand neuropsychiatric effects in the ChC survivors have been identified - an excess of cerebrovascular pathology andneurocognitive deficits, especially in liquidators, which may indicate an accelerated aging. Radiation risks havebeen revealed for acute and chronic cerebrovascular pathology and organic mental disorders of non-psychotic andpsychotic levels. Neurophysiological and molecular-biological atypia of aging processes under an exposure to lowdoses of and low dose rate of ionizing radiation have been found. The psyche under the age of 40 years old at thetime of exposure is more vulnerable. Existing statistical and registry data underestimate the level of mental disor-ders in the population of Ukraine, including the ChC survivors by an order of magnitude. CONCLUSIONS: The ChC survivors are aging in the country. The negative tendencies in age parameters of survival indi-cate the need to continue research to identify the factors «responsible¼ for such changes. Mental health disordersand neuropsychiatric effects in the ChC survivors are underestimated. It is necessary to create a national psychiatricregistry of Ukraine and long-term (lifelong) monitoring of survivors with well-planned clinical and epidemiologicalstudies of general and mental health with reliable dosimetric support based on national registries using the latest information technologies.

Envelhecimento/efeitos da radiação , Acidente Nuclear de Chernobyl , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Saúde Mental/estatística & dados numéricos , Doses de Radiação , Exposição à Radiação/efeitos adversos , Sobreviventes/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Fatores de Tempo , Ucrânia/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
Her Russ Acad Sci ; 91(5): 587-592, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34744398


Russia is one of the demographically old countries of the world. The process of demographic aging in our country has a number of specific features associated with a change in the age structure of the population, which are determined by the second stage of depopulation; a significant lag in life expectancy indicators not only from economically developed but also from some developing countries; demographic asymmetry by gender; and rather low indicators of healthy life expectancy, which are calculated without accounting for the gender component, and with the burden of diseases dictated by age and accumulated before the age of 65. The current situation increases the relevance of the search for an effective way out of the process of demographic aging, based on strategic approaches to the formation of public health throughout the entire life cycle of a person, including representatives of older age groups.

Edumecentro ; 13(3): 81-101, jul.-sept. 2021. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1278990


RESUMEN Fundamento: el envejecimiento poblacional caracteriza la sociedad cubana actual, por lo que se hace necesario promover acciones educativas para este grupo etario. Objetivo: elaborar una intervención educativa comunitaria que contribuya a un envejecimiento activo y con calidad de vida en los adultos mayores del Consejo Popular Falcón-Miller. Métodos: se realizó una investigación acción-participación en el Consejo Popular Falcón Miller, del municipio Placetas, Villa Clara, Cuba, entre septiembre 2019-junio 2020. Se emplearon métodos teóricos: histórico-lógico, análisis-síntesis e inductivo-deductivo; empíricos: análisis documental, entrevista a dirigentes locales y cuestionario a adultos mayores; y matemático-estadísticos, para los valores absolutos y relativos. Resultados: se diagnosticaron potencialidades y carencias en el consejo popular para fortalecer la calidad de vida en los adultos mayores que residen en la demarcación, y las necesidades de capacitación de algunos dirigentes locales, por lo que se elaboró una intervención educativa que responde a indicadores de salud, seguridad, participación, información y conocimientos de este grupo social en los diversos ámbitos. Fue valorada por criterios de especialistas. Conclusiones: el sistema de acciones propuesto en la intervención educativa es variado desde una concepción terapéutica, de capacitación y promoción de salud. Está dirigido a estimular la participación y a socializar conocimientos respecto a temáticas importantes para los adultos mayores, a la deconstrucción de estereotipos de vejez, así como a potenciar actividades educativas y de comunicación para aprender a convivir en un ambiente intergeneracional. Fue valorado como muy adecuado para su aplicación por los especialistas.

ABSTRACT Background: population aging characterizes current Cuban society, so it is necessary to promote educational actions for this age group. Objective: to develop a community educational intervention that contributes to active and life quality aging in the elderly of the Falcón-Miller People´s Council. Methods: an action-participation investigation was carried out in the Falcón Miller People´s Council, of the Placetas municipality, Villa Clara, Cuba, from September 2019 to June 2020. Theoretical methods were used: historical-logical, analysis-synthesis and inductive-deductive; empirical: documentary analysis, interview with local leaders and questionnaire for the elderly; and mathematical-statistical, for absolute and relative values. Results: potentialities and shortcomings were diagnosed in the People´s council to strengthen the quality of life in the elderly residing in the demarcation, and the training needs of some local leaders, for which an educational intervention was developed that responds to indicators of health, safety, participation, information and knowledge of this social group in the various fields. It was evaluated by criteria of specialists. Conclusions: the system of actions proposed in the educational intervention is varied from a therapeutic, training and health promotion concept. It is aimed at stimulating participation and socializing knowledge regarding important issues for the elderly, deconstructing old age stereotypes, as well as promoting educational and communication activities to learn to live together in an intergenerational environment. It was valued as very suitable for its application by the specialists.

Planos e Programas de Saúde , Dinâmica Populacional , Geriatria , Programas Governamentais , Programas Nacionais de Saúde
Med Klin Intensivmed Notfmed ; 116(4): 322-331, 2021 May.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32072196


BACKGROUND: The increasing number of elderly individuals in the population and the simultaneous increase of the intensive care demand emphasizes the relevance of an efficient bed capacity analysis. Particularly, cardiovascular diseases represent a frequently occurring disease in the population group over 65 years of age. The objective of the following paper is the analysis of the retrospective and prospective intensive care demand by patients over 65 years with 6 selected (cardiovascular) codes of the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD-10). METHODS: For the retrospective analysis, data from 2015-2017 were analyzed applying descriptive and bivariate methods. The analysis of the intensive care bed demand was based on the queuing theory. RESULTS: The monthly capacity utilization rates were constantly higher than the target capacity utilization rate of a maximum of 80% and in some cases even higher than 100%. In particular, the demand of patients with I50.14 was very high throughout the entire hospital. The bed demand analysis shows an increase from 9 needed beds in 2017 to 11 beds by 2030 for the 6 diagnosis groups. Regarding the 5 diagnosis groups without I50.14, only approximately half of the required beds were needed, retrospectively and in future. CONCLUSION: The effect of demographic change on the intensive care demand already exists, and a continuing, prospective increase of the demand is expected. The results underline the need of effective and demand-oriented intensive care capacity planning. However, prior to expanding bed capacities, the analysis of admission criteria of intensive care unit patients is necessary to reserve capacities primarily for patients with real intensive care needs.

Doenças Cardiovasculares , Idoso , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/terapia , Cuidados Críticos , Número de Leitos em Hospital , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos Retrospectivos
Ciênc. Saúde Colet. (Impr.) ; 25(10): 4045-4054, Out. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS, Coleciona SUS, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: biblio-1133019


Resumo O objetivo deste artigo é analisar a relação entre o custo da assistência e o envelhecimento da população assistida por um plano de autogestão, refletindo sobre possibilidades de enfrentamento do desafio advindo dessa conjunção de fatores. Trata-se de um estudo descritivo do período 1997 a 2016, efetivado a partir de dados secundários provenientes da operadora do plano de saúde em estudo, e outro banco administrativo de operadora de autogestão de grande abrangência nacional. Os idosos (mais de 60 anos) aumentaram no período do estudo 55,5%. Já os chamados "muito idosos" (acima de 80 anos) cresceram em quantidade 332,8%. A população acima de 60 anos corresponde a 25,7% do total sendo responsável por 68,8% das despesas. A grande maioria da população atendida (84,6%) está localizada no Estado no Rio de Janeiro, o qual tem o mais alto custo per capita em saúde no País. Foi encontrada relação entre o envelhecimento da população beneficiária e o aumento das despesas. É imperioso investir em iniciativas de promoção da saúde e prevenção de doenças como forma de melhora da qualidade de vida e viabilidade financeira do plano, além de definir um sub-sistema que delimite e discipline o acesso à rede e seja aceito pelos beneficiários.

Abstract This paper aims to analyze the relationship between the cost of health care and the aging of the population assisted by a self-managed plan, reflecting on the ways to address the challenge arising from this conjunction of population demographic changes. This is a descriptive study of the 1997-2016 period based on secondary data from the management operator of the health plan under study and from another administrative database of a self-managing provider with broad nationwide coverage. Older adults (over 60 years) increased 55% during the study period. On the other hand, the so-called "very old" (over 80 years) grew 332.8%. The population above 60 years corresponds to 25.7% of the total, and accounts for 68.8% of expenses. Most of the population covered (84,6%) is located in the State of Rio de Janeiro, which has the highest per capita health care cost in Brazil. We found a relationship between aging of the beneficiary population and increased expenditure. It is imperative to invest in health promotion and disease prevention initiatives as a way of improving the quality of life and financial sustainability of the plan, and define a subsystem that delimits and regulates access to the network and is accepted by the beneficiaries.

Humanos , Idoso , Qualidade de Vida , Longevidade , Brasil , Custos de Cuidados de Saúde , Gastos em Saúde
Ciênc. Saúde Colet. (Impr.) ; 25(2): 729-740, Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055805


Resumo Esta pesquisa teve por objetivo verificar os fatores associados entre o conhecimento e a atitude sobre diabetes mellitus tipo 2 em idosos com a doença. Realizou-se um estudo transversal de base populacional com 204 idosos da rede pública de saúde de Passo Fundo, RS. Para a coleta de dados utilizou-se os questionários: sociodemográfico, de conhecimento DKN-A, de atitudes psicológicas do diabetes ATT-19 e o IPAQ para atividade física. Foi utilizada a regressão logística para as variáveis sociodemográficas, de saúde e os indicadores de adiposidade corporal. Foram realizadas análises brutas e ajustadas com um intervalo de confiança de 95%. Os resultados deste estudo identificaram que o bom conhecimento está associado com a idade maior ou igual 70 anos (OR = 0,44; IC95%: 0,18-1,08), ter atitude positiva para o tratamento da diabetes (OR = 10,4 IC95%: 4,20-18,70) e ser ativo fisicamente (OR = 12,7; IC95%: 6,8-30,10). Na associação com a atitude positiva se manteve associada significativamente a idade maior ou igual 70 anos (OR = 0,35; IC95%: 0,15-0,78), ter um bom conhecimento da diabetes (OR = 8,9; IC95%: 4,30-18,9) e ser ativo fisicamente (OR = 10,1; IC95%: 6,34-20,1). Portanto, o bom conhecimento e a atitude positiva estão associados à idade de 70 anos a mais e ser ativo fisicamente.

Abstract The aim of this study was to identify the factors associated with knowledge and attitude towards type 2 diabetes mellitus among older adults with the disease. A cross-sectional population-based study was conducted on 204 older adults from the public healthcare network of Passo Fundo, RS. Sociodemographic data were collected and the DKN-A, ATT-19 and IPAQ were used for the assessment of diabetes knowledge, psychological attitudes towards diabetes and physical activity, respectively. Logistic regression was applied to evaluate the association with sociodemographic and health variables and indicators of body adiposity. Crude and adjusted analyses were performed with a 95% confidence interval. The results showed that good knowledge is associated with age ≥ 70 years (OR = 0.44; 95%CI: 0.18-1.08), having a positive attitude towards diabetes treatment (OR = 8.9; 95%CI: 4.3-18.9), and being physically active (OR = 10.1; 95%CI: 6.34-20.1). In conclusion, good knowledge and a positive attitude towards diabetes are associated with age older than 70 years and being physically active.

Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Idoso , Exercício Físico/psicologia , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/psicologia , Estudos Transversais , Fatores Etários , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
Adv Gerontol ; 33(5): 861-869, 2020.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33550740


This article discusses the economic consequences of demographic aging. The relevance of this topic is substantiated. The research problem of this article is to assess the strength of the influence of demographic aging on the financial condition of the pension system in the world. Abstracts of the «macroeconomics of aging¼ theses are reviewed with respect to the financial condition of pension systems with an increase in the share of people over working age. A geographical analysis of deviations of the place of countries in the rating of sufficiency of retirement income and the rating of the Melbourne mercer global pension index from the place of countries in the ranking of demographic aging is carried out. The retirement income sufficiency rating for 48 countries, the Melbourne mercer global pension index rating for 25 countries and the UN developed Old age dependency ratio (OADR) are used as the information base. It is concluded that there is no significant correlation between the aging of the population on the one hand and the financial condition of pension systems on the other. Additionally, it was concluded that there is a certain pattern between the strength of the influence of demographic aging and the economic and geographical region. A possible theoretical justification of the thesis of the thesis «macroeconomics of aging¼ is given. Non-demographic factors of influence on the financial condition of pension systems are considered.

Assistência a Idosos , Fatores Etários , Demografia , Países Desenvolvidos , Humanos , Pensões , Dinâmica Populacional , Aposentadoria , Fatores Socioeconômicos
Edumecentro ; 11(4): 109-121, oct.-dic. 2019. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089977


RESUMEN Fundamento: modificar estilos no saludables y alcanzar mayor y mejor calidad de vida en los adultos mayores con la enfermedad de Parkinson, incluye hacer intervenciones a nivel familiar partiendo de diagnósticos sobre su preparación para enfrentar esa sensible encomienda. Objetivo: determinar el nivel de conocimientos de las familias y sus necesidades de aprendizaje para el manejo del paciente con enfermedad de Parkinson. Métodos: se realizó un estudio descriptivo, retrospectivo y longitudinal en el Consultorio Médico 2, del Policlínico Universitario "Luis Ángel Ortiz", en el municipio de Manzanillo, periodo enero-julio de 2017. Se emplearon métodos teóricos: análisis-síntesis e inductivo-deductivo; empíricos: la técnica de grupo focal y la encuesta en forma de cuestionario a los cuidadores; y matemático-estadísticos para los valores absolutos y relativos. Resultados: los grupos focales opinaron que los cuidadores tienen insuficiencia de conocimientos clínicos sobre la enfermedad, sus factores de riesgo, el tratamiento higiénico-dietético y rehabilitador, y valoraron como regular la asistencia de los enfermos con sus cuidadores a las consultas; estos constituyentes esenciales de necesidades de aprendizaje fueron corroborados por los propios cuidadores en el cuestionario aplicado. Conclusiones: se determinó la pertinencia de la elaboración de un programa educativo de orientación familiar, con énfasis en la promoción de salud, que contribuya a mejorar el manejo de los cuidadores a los enfermos de parkinson.

ABSTRACT Background: modifying unhealthy styles and achieving greater and better life quality in the elderly with Parkinson's disease includes making interventions at the family level based on diagnoses on their preparation to face this sensitive task. Objective: to determine the level of knowledge of families and their learning needs for the management of patients with Parkinson's disease. Methods: a descriptive, retrospective and longitudinal study was carried out in the doctor´s Office 2, "Luis Ángel Ortiz", University Polyclinic in Manzanillo municipality, from January-to July 2017. Theoretical methods were used: analysis-synthesis and inductive-deductive; Empirical ones: the focal group technique and the questionnaire survey to caregivers; and mathematical-statistics for absolute and relative values. Result: the focal groups were of the opinion that caregivers have insufficient clinical knowledge about the disease, its risk factors, hygienic-dietary and rehabilitative treatment, and valued as so-so the attendance of patients with their caregivers to consultations; these essential constituents of learning needs were corroborated by the caregivers themselves in the questionnaire applied. Conclusions: the relevance of the elaboration of an educational program of family orientation was determined, with emphasis on health promotion, which contributes to improve the management of caregivers to Parkinson's patients.

Doença de Parkinson , Dinâmica Populacional , Educação Médica , Geriatria , Promoção da Saúde
Edumecentro ; 11(3): 247-253, jul.-set. 2019.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089959


RESUMEN El envejecimiento poblacional que enfrentan Cuba en general y su provincia de Villa Clara como la de más habitantes envejecidos, requiere una mayor preparación de los especialistas en Medicina General Integral para la atención a este grupo poblacional que necesita un cuidado particular para lograr un envejecimiento saludable y con calidad de vida; por tal motivo los autores consideraron pertinente informar sobre una investigación realizada en tres etapas: la identificación de necesidades de aprendizaje de los referidos médicos, el diseño de un grupo de actividades de superación posgraduada para contribuir a elevar su preparación en la atención integral al adulto mayor, y su aprobación por criterios de especialistas para su implementación, a fin de solucionar la problemática que se analiza.

ABSTRACT The population aging that Cuba faces in general and its province of Villa Clara as that of more aging inhabitants, requires a greater preparation of the specialists in Comprehensive General Medicine for the attention to this age group that needs a particular care to achieve a good high quality and healthy ; for this reason, the authors considered it pertinent to report on an investigation carried out in three stages: the identification of learning needs of the referred doctors, the design of a group of postgraduate upgrading activities to help raise their preparation in comprehensive care for the elderly, and its approval by specialists criteria for its implementation, in order to solve the problem that is analyzed.

Planos e Programas de Saúde , Dinâmica Populacional , Educação Médica , Geriatria
Z Gerontol Geriatr ; 52(Suppl 1): 91-99, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30569288


BACKGROUND: Socioeconomic differences in health and life expectancy are key issues for public health and health policy. In the course of demographic change, in addition to childhood, adolescence and middle adulthood, old age is increasingly becoming the focus of attention in research on health inequalities, with a special emphasis on the transition from working age to retirement. OBJECTIVE: How do health inequalities change in the transition from middle to older age and then to very old age? MATERIAL AND METHODS: This article reviews the studies available for Germany, supplemented with new analyses based on the German Health Update study and the German Socioeconomic Panel study. In order to set the findings in the context of international research on health inequalities in old age, selected studies from other countries and international comparative studies are additionally considered. RESULTS: Social differences in health and remaining life-expectancy also exist in older age, although to a slightly lesser extent than in middle age. There is evidence that as age progresses, health inequalities narrow in some health domains but there is also isolated evidence that health inequalities may widen with age. CONCLUSION: The existence of health inequalities in old age indicates that older people from disadvantaged social groups have a particular need for healthcare and support. This poses special challenges for the medical, nursing and psychosocial care system as well as for the social security systems.

Envelhecimento , Disparidades nos Níveis de Saúde , Expectativa de Vida , Aposentadoria , Classe Social , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Criança , Alemanha , Nível de Saúde , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores Socioeconômicos
Medwave ; 18(4): e7231, 2018 Jul 30.
Artigo em Espanhol, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30113570


Demographic aging in Cuba, which has been occurring for over two decades, is undoubtedly an achievement of the country’s public health policies and social development. Although the State instituted a system of care aimed at guaranteeing elderly people favorable conditions for aging, the social achievement of greater longevity creates new challenges for social policy, infrastructure, healthcare systems and social inclusion. The Cuban population is diminishing and at the same time, life expectancy is increasing. These two conditions increase the proportion of people aged 60 and over, thus introducing a new scenario of an aging population. The present article analyzes some of the challenges that the Cuban State must face when developing policies that address and preserve the social achievement of a greater longevity, together with the conditions inherent in the development model that the country endorses.

El envejecimiento demográfico en Cuba, visualizado desde hace más de dos décadas, es indudablemente una conquista de las políticas de salud pública y del desarrollo social del país. Aunque el Estado instituyó un sistema de atención encaminado a garantizar a sus personas mayores condiciones favorables para su envejecimiento, el logro social de una mayor longevidad establece nuevos retos en materia de políticas sociales, infraestructuras y servicios de atención e inclusión social hacia el colectivo de los mayores. La población cubana se caracteriza por el decrecimiento y altos índices de esperanza de vida, que incrementan la proporción de personas de 60 y más años, aspecto que introduce un nuevo escenario gerontológico. El presente artículo se propone analizar algunos desafíos hacia el Estado cubano para la conformación de políticas que posibiliten la continuidad del logro social de una mayor longevidad en correspondencia con las condiciones coherentes con el modelo de desarrollo que el país refrenda.

Atenção à Saúde/organização & administração , Política de Saúde , Dinâmica Populacional/tendências , Idoso , Envelhecimento , Cuba , Atenção à Saúde/tendências , Humanos , Expectativa de Vida/tendências , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mudança Social
Edumecentro ; 10(2): 160-170, abr.-jun. 2018. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-891320


Se analizan presupuestos teóricos sobre la relación entre la sociedad y la universidad y la pertinencia de la inserción de temas que demandan su presencia en los planes de estudio y proyectos de investigación de estas instituciones. Se contextualiza el envejecimiento poblacional como una de las responsabilidades sociales de obligada introducción en los programas de estudio de la carrera de Medicina, lo cual posibilita ratificar el carácter científico, tecnológico y humanístico de la educación superior cubana al asumir en sus procesos sustantivos la formación de un profesional integral, competente, con preparación científica para aceptar los retos de la modernidad, y con amplio desarrollo humanístico para vivir en una sociedad con una población envejecida. Los autores se propusieron como objetivo reflexionar acerca de la pertinencia del tema en el currículo de la carrera, como expresión del vínculo universidad-sociedad.

Theoretical foundations about the relationship between university and society and the pertinence of the insertion of topics that demand their presence in the study plans and research projects of these institutions are analyzed. Population aging is contextualized as one of the social responsibilities of necessary introduction in the study programs of the Medicine career, which makes it possible to ratify the scientific, technological and humanistic character of Cuban higher education by assuming in its core processes the formation of a comprehensive professional, competent, with scientific preparation to accept the challenges of modernity, and with ample humanistic development to live in a society with an aging population. The authors set out to reflect on the relevance of the topic in the career curriculum as an expression of the university-society link.

Planos e Programas de Saúde , Dinâmica Populacional , Educação Médica , Geriatria , Programas Governamentais , Programas Nacionais de Saúde
Rev. bras. geriatr. gerontol. (Online) ; 21(2): 123-133, Apr.-Mar. 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-958907


Abstract Objective: The present study aims to evaluate the prevalence of and factors associated with the use of tobacco and alcohol among elderly people living in the northern part of the city of Juiz de Fora, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Method: A cross-sectional study conducted through a home survey was performed with a sample of 423 elderly citizens. Interviews were conducted through a questionnaire including the Fagerström and Audit-C tests. The data were subjected to descriptive statistical analysis and multinomial regression. Results: The prevalence of elderly smokers was 9.0%, 32.0% were former smokers, 26.7% of the sample consumed alcoholic beverages and 3.2% used alcohol and smoked. In the multinomial logistic regression model, the factors that were significantly associated with smoking were the male gender, an age of 60 to 70 years old; the presence of self-reported health problems; while the consumption of alcohol was associated with the male gender and frailty. Conclusion: There was a low prevalence of elderly people living in the community who consumed alcoholic beverages and/or were smokers. Such individuals, however, almost exclusively suffered from impaired health and potentially a poor quality of life. Regarding the profile of such elderly persons, there were similarities between the socio-demographic and health variables, suggesting the possibility of a more targeted approach to these individuals.

Resumo Objetivo: Avaliar a prevalência e os fatores associados ao consumo de tabaco e de álcool em uma amostra de idosos residentes do município de Juiz de Fora (MG), Brasil. Método: Estudo transversal, realizado por meio de inquérito domiciliar, com uma amostra de 400 idosos, com os quais foram realizadas entrevistas por meio de questionário, incluindo os testes de Fagerström e Audit C. Os dados foram submetidos à análise estatística descritiva e regressão multinomial. Resultados: A prevalência de tabagismo foi de 9,0%, ex-tabagista 32,0%, consumo de álcool foi de 26,7% e uso concomitante de álcool e tabaco de 3,2%. No modelo de regressão logística multinomial, as características que permaneceram associadas significativamente ao tabagismo foram sexo masculino, idade de 60 a 70 anos; e presença de problemas de saúde autorreferida; e quanto ao consumo de álcool, as características que permaneceram associadas foram sexo masculino e fragilidade. Conclusão: O idoso que vive na comunidade, que consome bebidas alcoólicas e/ou que é tabagista representa uma baixa prevalência, porém, de maneira quase exclusiva, apresenta comprometimento do estado de saúde e potencialmente da qualidade de vida. Quanto ao perfil, há semelhanças dos aspectos sociodemográficos e de saúde, sugerindo a possibilidade de um enfoque mais direcionado quanto à abordagem desses indivíduos.

Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Tabagismo , Estudos Epidemiológicos , Dinâmica Populacional , Saúde do Idoso , Alcoolismo
Rev. Finlay ; 8(1): 59-65, ene.-mar. 2018.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1092049


En el presente siglo se vive, lo que muchos han llamado como, "momento único", porque por primera vez en la historia de la humanidad conviven varias generaciones. Esa dinámica demográfica en el mundo y en Cuba en lo particular, es un logro y a la vez un desafío. Reconocer que este fenómeno involucra a la salud, y a otros sectores de la sociedad, y que además necesita de recursos incluyentes y creativos en las políticas públicas, para que esa prolongación de la vida sea de calidad, es indispensable para la sostenibilidad. Las nuevas concepciones en el campo gerontológico nos conducen a la necesidad de integrarnos de forma multidisciplinar y multisectorial, no solo para enfrentar este fenómeno del envejecimiento poblacional desde el punto de vista social, sino también, en el orden individual, para aprender a envejecer con calidad. El objetivo del trabajo es exponer algunos de los retos que implica enfrentar el envejecimiento poblacional, para que los adultos mayores puedan envejecer con mayor calidad de vida.

In this century, life is something that many have called a "unique moment" because for the first time in history various generations coexist. This demographic dynamics in the world and in Cuba in particular, is an achievement and at the same time a challenge. Identifying that this phenomena involves the health area and other sectors of the society and in addition it requires inclusive and creative resources in public policies so this is life extension with quality, is indispensable for sustainability. The new conceptions in gerontologic field lead us to a need of multidiscipline and multisectorial integration, not only to face the population aging from the social point of view but also, from the individual perspective, to learn aging with quality. The objective of this work is present some of the challenges it implies to facing the population aging so that older adults may age with a higher quality if life.