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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 84: e256732, 2024. tab, graf, ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1364524

RESUMO

Germin-like proteins (GLPs) play an important role against various stresses. Vitis vinifera L. genome contains 7 GLPs; many of them are functionally unexplored. However, the computational analysis may provide important new insight into their function. Currently, physicochemical properties, subcellular localization, domain architectures, 3D structures, N-glycosylation & phosphorylation sites, and phylogeney of the VvGLPs were investigated using the latest computational tools. Their functions were predicted using the Search tool for the retrieval of interacting genes/proteins (STRING) and Blast2Go servers. Most of the VvGLPs were extracellular (43%) in nature but also showed periplasmic (29%), plasma membrane (14%), and mitochondrial- or chloroplast-specific (14%) expression. The functional analysis predicted unique enzymatic activities for these proteins including terpene synthase, isoprenoid synthase, lipoxygenase, phosphate permease, receptor kinase, and hydrolases generally mediated by Mn+ cation. VvGLPs showed similarity in the overall structure, shape, and position of the cupin domain. Functionally, VvGLPs control and regulate the production of secondary metabolites to cope with various stresses. Phylogenetically VvGLP1, -3, -4, -5, and VvGLP7 showed greater similarity due to duplication while VvGLP2 and VvGLP6 revealed a distant relationship. Promoter analysis revealed the presence of diverse cis-regulatory elements among which CAAT box, MYB, MYC, unnamed-4 were common to all of them. The analysis will help to utilize VvGLPs and their promoters in future food programs by developing resistant cultivars against various biotic (Erysiphe necator and in Powdery Mildew etc.) and abiotic (Salt, drought, heat, dehydration, etc.) stresses.


As proteínas do tipo germin (GLPs) desempenham um papel importante contra vários estresses. O genoma de Vitis vinifera L. contém 7 GLPs; muitos deles são funcionalmente inexplorados. No entanto, a análise computacional pode fornecer informações importantes sobre sua função. Atualmente, as propriedades físico-químicas, localização subcelular, arquitetura de domínio, estruturas 3D, sítios de N-glicosilação e fosforilação e estudos filogenéticos dos VvGLPs foram conduzidos usando as ferramentas computacionais mais recentes. Suas funções foram previstas usando a ferramenta Search para recuperação de genes/proteínas em interação (STRING) e servidores Blast2Go. A maioria dos VvGLPs são extracelulares (43%) na natureza, mas também mostraram expressão periplasmática (29%), na membrana plasmática (14%) e específica para mitocôndrias ou cloroplastos (14%). A análise funcional previu atividades enzimáticas únicas para essas proteínas, incluindo terpeno sintase, isoprenoide sintase, lipoxigenase, fosfato permease, receptor quinase e hidrolases geralmente mediadas por cátion Mn +. VvGLPs mostraram similaridade na estrutura geral, forma e posição do domínio cupin. Funcionalmente, os VvGLPs controlam e regulam a produção de metabólitos secundários para lidar com vários estresses. Filogeneticamente, VvGLP1, -3, -4, -5 e VvGLP7 mostraram maior similaridade devido à duplicação, enquanto VvGLP2 e VvGLP6 revelaram uma relação distante. A análise do promotor revelou a presença de diversos elementos cis-reguladores, entre os quais CAAT box, MYB, MYC, sem nome-4, sendo comum a todos eles. A análise ajudará a utilizar VvGLPs e seus promotores em programas alimentares futuros, desenvolvendo cultivares resistentes contra vários estresses bióticos (Erysiphe necator e no oídio, etc.) e abióticos (sal, seca, calor, estresse hídrico, etc.).


Assuntos
Estresse Fisiológico/genética , Proteínas , Vitis/genética
2.
Obes Rev ; : e13553, 2023 Jan 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36721366

RESUMO

Weight-lowering pharmacotherapies provide an option for weight management; however, their effects on physical activity, function, and cardiorespiratory fitness are not fully understood. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials to investigate the effect of licensed weight loss pharmacotherapies on physical activity, physical function, and cardiorespiratory fitness in individuals with obesity. Fourteen trials met our prespecified inclusion criteria: Five investigated liraglutide, four semaglutide, three naltrexone/bupropion, and two phentermine/topiramate. All 14 trials included a self-reported measure of physical function, with the pooled findings suggesting an improvement favoring the pharmacotherapy intervention groups (SMD: 0.27; 95% CI: 0.22 to 0.32) and effects generally consistent across different therapies. Results were also consistent when stratified by the two most commonly used measures: The Short-Form 36-Item Questionnaire (SF-36) (0.24; 0.17 to 0.32) and the Impact of Weight on Quality Of Life-Lite (IWQOL-Lite) (0.29; 0.23 to 0.35). Meta-regression confirmed a significant association between pharmacotherapy induced weight loss and improved physical function for IWQOL-Lite (p = 0.003). None of the studies reported a physical activity outcome, and only one study reported objectively measured cardiorespiratory fitness. Improvements in self-reported physical function were observed with weight loss therapy, but the effect on physical activity or objectively measured physical function and fitness could not be determined.

3.
Patient Prefer Adherence ; 17: 249-257, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36721389

RESUMO

Purpose: To probe into the needs and barriers underlying patients' participation in shared decision-making related to rehabilitation nursing for hemophilic arthropathy. Patients and Methods: The phenomenological research approach was adopted to conduct a series of semi-structured, in-depth interviews with 15 patients with hemophilic arthropathy undergoing rehabilitative treatments, 10 caregivers, and 7 healthcare providers from a hemophilia treatment center in Shanxi province, China. Colaizzi's seven-step method of data analysis was applied to organize, analyze, and extract the themes from the interview materials. Results: Three main themes emerged from the analysis: the status quo of the healthcare system (insufficient decision support systems and mismatch between healthcare providers' and patients' resources), circumstances of provider-patient interactions (lack of information exchange and unbalanced power structure between healthcare providers and patients), and patient-related factors influencing participation in decision-making (lack of self-efficacy, personal characteristics, family and social decision support, and attitude toward participation in decision-making). Conclusion: Participation in rehabilitation decision-making among patients with hemophilic arthropathy is affected by multiple barriers. Healthcare professionals should improve their understanding of shared decision-making, offer patients active guidance on participating in the decision-making process, prioritize their affective needs, and formulate professional and effective solutions to support shared decision-making as early as possible.

4.
Cereb Cortex ; 2023 Jan 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36721902

RESUMO

Our ability to understand how to interact with familiar objects is supported by conceptual tool knowledge. Conceptual tool knowledge includes action tool and semantic tool knowledge which are supported by the ventro-dorsal and the ventral pathways, respectively. This apparent functional segregation has been recently called into question. In a block-design fMRI study, 35 participants were asked to complete manipulation, function, and association judgment tasks about pairs of familiar objects. Our results showed that lateral occipitotemporal cortex in the ventral pathway was more sensitive to manipulation and function judgment tasks compared with association judgment tasks. Functional connectivity analyses revealed distinct coupling patterns between inferior parietal lobule, lateral occipitotemporal cortex, and fusiform gyrus. Taken together, these data indicate that action tool and semantic tool knowledge are both supported by ventral and ventro-dorsal pathways. Moreover, the explicit retrieval of these representations is supported by the functional coupling of common and distinct brain regions of the posterior tool processing network varying according to the kind of relations to be retrieved.

6.
Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol ; 61(2): 207-214, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36722427

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Bariatric surgery is a successful treatment for sustainable weight loss and has been associated with improvement in cardiovascular function. Pregnancy after bariatric surgery is becoming increasingly common; however, little is known about the maternal cardiovascular system postsurgery. The aim of this study was to investigate maternal cardiovascular adaptation to pregnancy in women with previous bariatric surgery, compared with that in women with no history of weight-loss surgery and an early-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) similar to the presurgery BMI of the postbariatric women. METHODS: This was a prospective, observational, longitudinal study conducted from April 2018 to June 2020 including 30 pregnant women who had undergone bariatric surgery and 30 who had not, matched for presurgery BMI. Participants were seen at three timepoints during pregnancy: 12-14, 20-24 and 30-32 weeks' gestation. At all visits, maternal blood pressure (BP) was measured and cardiac geometry and function were assessed using two-dimensional (2D) transthoracic echocardiography. On a subset of patients (15 in each group), 2D speckle tracking was performed to assess global longitudinal and circumferential strain. Offline analysis was performed, and multilevel linear mixed-effects models were used for all comparisons. RESULTS: Compared with the no-surgery group, and across all trimesters, pregnant women with previous bariatric surgery had lower BP, heart rate and cardiac output and higher peripheral vascular resistance (P < 0.01 for all). Similarly, the postbariatric group demonstrated more favorable cardiac geometry and diastolic indices, including lower left ventricular mass, left atrial volume and relative wall thickness, together with higher E-wave/A-wave flow velocity across the mitral valve and higher mitral velocity (E') at the lateral and medial annulus on tissue Doppler imaging (P < 0.01 for all). There was no difference in ejection fraction, although global longitudinal strain was lower in postbariatric women (P < 0.01), indicating better systolic function. CONCLUSION: Our findings indicate better maternal cardiovascular adaptation in women with previous bariatric surgery compared with presurgery BMI-matched pregnant women with no history of weight-loss surgery. © 2022 The Authors. Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of International Society of Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology.

7.
J Sci Food Agric ; 2023 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36722467

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sheep whey protein (SWP), Fu brick tea polysaccharides (FBTP) and stachyose (STA) have been shown to improve immunity, but little is known about the regulatory effect of SWP, FBTP, STA and their combined formula (CF) on immune function and intestinal metabolism of immunosuppressed mice induced by cyclophosphamide (CTX). RESULTS: Administration of SWP, FBTP, STA or CF restored the levels of body weight, immune organ index, immune organ morphology, cytokines and immunoglobulins in CTX immunosuppressed mice. Interestingly, CF improved all the mentioned parameters more effective than administration of SWP, FBTP or STA alone. In addition, CF was more effective to increase the levels of intestinal immune-related gene expression than FBTP, SWP or STA alone in immunosuppressed mice, suggesting that CF exhibited excellent intestinal immune regulation function. CF also significantly improved cecal concentrations of short-chain fatty acids of CTX-treated mice. Furthermore, metabolomics analysis demonstrated that CF recovered the levels 28 metabolites associated with the CTX treatment to the levels of normal mice. CONCLUSION: Conclusively, these findings suggested that CF as a functional food combination of SWP, FBTP and STA could promote the immune function to against human diseases, which providing theoretical support for the co-ingestion of sheep whey protein and functional sugars as a feasible strategy for improving the body immunity in the future. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

8.
Mol Inform ; : e2200135, 2023 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36722733

RESUMO

In recent years, thanks to advances in computer hardware and dataset availability, data-driven approaches (like machine learning) have become one of the essential parts of the drug design framework to accelerate drug discovery procedures. Constructing a new scoring function, a function that can predict the binding score for a generated protein-ligand pose during docking procedure or a crystal complex, based on machine and deep learning has become an active research area in computer-aided drug design. GB-Score is a state-of-the-art machine learning-based scoring function that utilizes distance-weighted interatomic contact features, PDBbind-v2019 general set, and Gradient Boosting Trees algorithm to the binding affinity prediction. The distance-weighted interatomic contact featurization method used the distance between different ligand and protein atom types for numerical representation of the protein-ligand complex. GB-Score attains Pearson's correlation 0.862 and RMSE 1.190 on the CASF-2016 benchmark test in the scoring power metric. GB-Score's codes are freely available on the web at https://github.com/miladrayka/GB_Score.

9.
Brain Struct Funct ; 2023 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36723674

RESUMO

The relationship between structural and functional connectivity in the human brain is a core question in network neuroscience, and a topic of paramount importance to our ability to meaningfully describe and predict functional outcomes. Graph theory has been used to produce measures based on the structural connectivity network that are related to functional connectivity. These measures are commonly based on either the shortest path routing model or the diffusion model, which carry distinct assumptions about how information is transferred through the network. Unlike shortest path routing, which assumes the most efficient path is always known, the diffusion model makes no such assumption, and lets information diffuse in parallel based on the number of connections to other regions. Past research has also developed hybrid measures that use concepts from both models, which have better predicted functional connectivity from structural connectivity than the shortest path length alone. We examined the extent to which each of these models can account for the structure-function relationship of interest using graph theory measures that are exclusively based on each model. This analysis was performed on multiple parcellations of the Human Connectome Project using multiple approaches, which all converged on the same finding. We found that the diffusion model accounts for much more variance in functional connectivity than the shortest path routing model, suggesting that the diffusion model is better suited to describing the structure-function relationship in the human brain at the macroscale.

10.
Heart Vessels ; 2023 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36723765

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Total anomalous pulmonary venous connection (TAPVC) is a rare congenital heart disease of newborns characterized by impaired left ventricle growth and diastolic dysfunction. We hypothesized that the patients with TAPVC reduced blood flow into the left heart prenatally could affect left atrium (LA) not just growth but function. We compared the age-related changes in LA deformation using two-dimensional speckle-tracking echocardiography (2DSTE) in Patients with TAPVC. METHOD: This single-center, retrospective cohort study was conducted on consecutive isolated TAPVC patients who underwent neonatal surgery between January 1, 2009 and January 1, 2022. The LA datasets in TAPVC patients were analyzed before surgery (n = 28) and follow-ups at 1-2 (n = 24) and 5-7 years of age (n = 13) and compared with those of age-matched healthy controls (January 2009-2022). The LA strain (ε), indicating LA function, was analyzed using QLAB represented by reservoir (εR), conduit (εCD), and contractile (εCT) strains. LA pressure was evaluated by periodic follow-up catheterization after repair. RESULTS: Compared to the controls, the TAPVC patients had significantly smaller LA maximum volume preoperatively, and with age, the LA maximal volumes reached normal levels, while the LA minimal volumes were larger. All 2DSTE-determined LA strains showed significant reductions at all time points in the TAPVC group compared to those in the control (median εR, εCD, and εCT; before surgery: 17.0% vs. 26.0%, 12.9% vs. 15.9%, and 6.3% vs. 10.4%; follow-up at 1-2 years: 30.0% vs. 45.7%, 23.2% vs. 29.6%, and 6.1% vs. 16.3%; follow-up at 5-7 years: 31.2% vs. 43.1%, 25.0% vs. 31.2%, and 5.2% vs. 10.8%, respectively; p < 0.05). Only εCT did not represented a significant change over time even though after correction of blood flow (median εCT: 6.0% → 5.9%). Patients with pulmonary venous obstruction (PVO) at birth showed significantly decreased εR and εCD and higher LA pressure compared to those without PVO. CONCLUSION: This study showed that nevertheless maximum volume of LA was recovered within the normal range, reduced LA strains, especially contractile function lasted from birth even after repair in Patients with TAPVC.

11.
Fisioterapia (Madr., Ed. impr.) ; 45(1): 38-49, ene.-feb. 2023. ilus, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-214693

RESUMO

Antecedentes Las enfermedades neuromusculares y las lesiones medulares comprometen los músculos respiratorios y función pulmonar ocasionando complicaciones respiratorias. La insuficiencia respiratoria aguda y el compromiso respiratorio crónico ocasionan alto riesgo de morbilidad y mortalidad. Se ha descrito el uso de la respiración glosofaríngea para mejorar variables de función pulmonar y muscular respiratoria que promueven la tos más efectiva y aumento del tiempo libre de ventilación mecánica. Objetivo Describir y presentar la evidencia actual de la efectividad de la respiración glosofaríngea en mejorar la función pulmonar y muscular respiratoria en pacientes adultos y pediátricos con enfermedades neuromusculares o lesión medular con o sin ventilación mecánica. Diseño Revisión exploratoria con la metodología PRISMA-ScR. Se realizó una búsqueda en las bases de datos PEDro, Web of Science, Scopus, PubMed, ScienceDirect, Springer, Medline, Cochrane, SciELO, Lilacs, Google Académico, se usaron palabras claves y términos MeSH en idiomas español, inglés y portugués, entre los años 2000-2020. Los resultados se presentan de forma descriptiva. Resultados Se identificaron 491 estudios y fueron incluidos 12. El 58,3% fueron realizados en países europeos. El 41,6% de los estudios fueron valorados y ninguno cumplió totalmente los criterios de calidad. La efectividad de la respiración glosofaríngea en la función pulmonar y muscular respiratoria estuvo relacionada con mejoría de capacidad vital en 66,6% y pico flujo de tos en 33,3% de los estudios. Se reportó mejoría en expansión torácica en 66,6% de los estudios y complicaciones como síncope, mareo en 33,3%. Conclusión La efectividad de respiración glosofaríngea en pacientes con enfermedades neuromusculares y lesión medular está relacionada con aumento de capacidad vital y pico flujo de tos. Se recomienda la realización de estudios con más rigurosidad científica para soportar la validez de estos resultados (AU)


Background Neuromuscular diseases and spinal cord injuries compromise respiratory muscles and lung function, causing respiratory complications. Acute respiratory failure and chronic respiratory compromise cause high risk of morbidity and mortality. The use of glossopharyngeal respiration has been described to improve pulmonary and respiratory muscle function variables that promote more effective coughing and increased time off mechanical ventilation. Objective Describe and present the current evidence of the effectiveness of glossopharyngeal respiration in improving lung and respiratory muscle function in adult and pediatric patients with neuromuscular diseases or spinal cord injury with or without mechanical ventilation. Design Exploratory review with the PRISMA-ScR methodology. A search was carried out in the PEDro, Web of Science, Scopus, PubMed, ScienceDirect, Springer, Medline, Cochrane, SciELO, Lilacs, Google Academic databases, keywords and MeSH terms were used in Spanish, English and Portuguese languages, among the years 2000–2020. The results are presented in a descriptive way. Results 491 studies were identified and 12 were included. 58.3% were conducted in European countries. 41.6% of the studies were critically appraised and none fully met the quality criteria. The effectiveness of glossopharyngeal breathing in lung and respiratory muscle function was related to an improvement in vital capacity in 66.6% and peak cough flow in 33.3% of the studies. Improvement in thoracic expansion was reported in 66.6% of the studies and complications such as syncope, dizziness in 33.3%. Conclusion The effectiveness of glossopharyngeal respiration in patients with neuromuscular diseases and spinal cord injury is related to increased vital capacity and peak flow of cough. Studies with more scientific rigor are recommended to support the validity of these results (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Criança , Adulto , Doenças Neuromusculares/reabilitação , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal/reabilitação , Músculos Respiratórios , Exercícios Respiratórios/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento , Efetividade
12.
Am J Obstet Gynecol ; 2023 Jan 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36706857

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Systemic administration of soluble factors from bone marrow-derived stem cells combined with activated platelet-rich plasma (SC-PRP) restored ovarian function, mediated through paracrine signaling, in murine models of chemotherapy-induced ovarian damage and human tissue from poor responder patients. However, the effects against age-related infertility and the efficacy of local administration have not yet been evaluated. OBJECTIVE: To assess whether a single intraovarian dose of SC-PRP can recover ovarian function, oocyte quality and developmental competence in older mice. STUDY DESIGN: The effects of SC-PRP against age-related infertility were assessed following controlled ovarian stimulation, in an aging murine model reproducing three physiological stages of women´s reproductive life: young, advanced maternal age (AMA), and menopausal (n=12 animals per group). Female mice were randomized to receive a single intraovarian injection (10 µL/ovary) of saline, activated platelet-rich plasma (PRP), or SC-PRP. Seven days later, mice were stimulated, naturally mated, and sacrificed to harvest their ovaries for histological assessment and molecular analysis, and oviducts to evaluate oocyte maturation and assess early embryo development. RESULTS: A single intraovarian injection of SC-PRP promoted follicle activation and development in young, advanced maternal age, and old mice. Further, SC-PRP rescued fertility in older mice, by enhancing the quantity and quality of ovulated mature oocytes and supporting early embryo development to the blastocyst stage in all the evaluated ages. These fertility outcomes were positively associated with mitochondrial quality, with treatment increasing mitochondrial DNA copy numbers and reducing oxidative damage and apoptosis. Finally, the effects observed by histological analysis were supported at the proteomic level. Functional proteomic analysis revealed molecular mechanisms involved in oocyte maturation and quality, mitochondrial function, and recovery of the ovarian stroma. CONCLUSIONS: SC-PRP is a promising treatment with the potential to improve the reproductive outcomes of women with age-related infertility, exceeding the restorative effects of PRP alone. Although further research in human ovarian samples is still required, the autologous nature of stem cell factors collected by non-invasive mobilization, their combination with PRP, and the local administration route, suggest that SC-PRP treatment could be a potentially effective and safe application for future clinical practice.

13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36706985

RESUMO

Longitudinal studies have demonstrated that altered indices of airway function, assessed shortly after birth, are a risk factor for the subsequent development of wheezing illnesses and asthma, and that these indices predict airway size and airway wall thickness in adult life. Pre- and post-natal factors that directly alter early airway function such as extreme prematurity and cigarette smoke may continue to affect airway function and hence the risks for wheeze and asthma. Early airway function and an associated asthma risk may also be indirectly influenced by immune system responses, respiratory viruses, the airway microbiome, genetics and epigenetics, especially if they affect airway epithelial dysfunction. Few if any interventions, apart from smoking avoidance, have been proven to alter the risks of developing asthma, but vitamin C supplementation to pregnant smokers my help decrease the effects of in utero smoke on offspring lung function. We conclude that airway size and the factors influencing this play an important role in determining the risk for asthma across the lifetime. Progress in asthma prevention is long overdue and this may benefit from carefully designed interventions in well phenotyped longitudinal birth cohorts with early airway function assessments monitored through to adulthood.

14.
Alzheimers Dement ; 2023 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36708229

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Investigate associations between the LIfestyle for BRAin Health (LIBRA) risk score with odds of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) diagnosis and cognitive function, incorporating concussion history. METHODS: Former National Football League (NFL) players (N = 1050; mean age = 64.8 ± 9.0-years) completed initial testing for integration of concussion history into LIBRA scores (i.e., modified-LIBRA) and completed the Brief Test of Adult Cognition by Telephone (BTACT). Modified-LIBRA score (including concussion history) associations with odds of MCI and cognitive dysfunction were assessed via logistic and linear regression. RESULTS: The highest quartile LIBRA scores were six times more likely to have a diagnosis of MCI compared to the lowest quartile (OR = 6.27[3.61, 10.91], p < 0.001). Modified-LIBRA scores significantly improved model fit for odds of MCI above original LIBRA scores (χ2 (1) = 7.76, p = 0.005) and accounted for a greater fraction of variance in executive function (ΔR2  = 0.02, p = 0.003) and episodic memory (ΔR2  = 0.02, p = 0.002). CONCLUSIONS: Modified-LIBRA score, incorporating concussion history, may help monitoring risk status in former contact sport athletes, by targeting modifiable, lifestyle-related risk factors.

15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36708482

RESUMO

Bacterial communities greatly help maintain the balance of river ecosystems and are highly sensitive to changes in environmental conditions. Plain river network areas (PRNs) are characterized by dense river networks, low-lying terrain, and slow water flow, where the bottom sediment is frequently disturbed by ship navigation due to the limited water depth and width of waterways, providing a unique ecological niche for bacterial growth. Hence, understanding how bacterial communities in PRNs respond to changes in hydrodynamic conditions, physicochemical parameters, and pollutants under ship navigation is essential to maintaining the stability of inland waterway ecosystems. The Taihu Lake Basin, a typical PRN, was selected to explore the differences in bacterial community composition, structure and function between sediments in waterways (WS) and non-navigable channels (NS). The results indicate that the sediment from NS possessed more diverse and complex bacterial communities than WS. NMDS and ANOSIM analyses further verified the significant differences in bacterial community structure between WS and NS. Combined with LEfSe, we observed the highly differential taxonomy between WS and NS from phylum to order. Moreover, a comparison of beta diversity dissimilarity indices revealed that although species replacement dominated both the WS and NS beta-diversity patterns, species loss caused the differences in the overall beta diversity between them. Variance partitioning analysis revealed that physicochemical parameters (clay content, pH, ORP, and others) and ship traffic volume (STV) were the main driving factors for bacterial community distribution between WS and NS, while pollutants (heavy metals, perfluoroalkyl acids, and others) had a relatively minor influence. PICRUSt2 analysis revealed that the changes in pH, ORP, and STV under ship navigation might inhibit the bacterial ability to metabolize carbohydrates. The results reveal the comprehensive effects of ship navigation disturbance on sediment bacterial communities in the PRN and contribute to further understanding of inland waterway ecosystems.

16.
Occup Ther Health Care ; : 1-17, 2023 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36708506

RESUMO

This study examined the effectiveness of telehealth parent coaching on occupational performance and executive functions of children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorders (ADHD) and executive function deficits and parent self-efficacy. A one group pretest-posttest design was implemented with nine parents of children with ADHD ages 7-12 years old. The intervention consisted of ten, 60-minute, individual sessions, one per week delivered via telehealth. The parent program had three coaching components: goal setting, education, and the problem-solving process. Using strategies from the Four-Quadrant Model of Facilitated Learning, the results showed statistical improvement in performance and satisfaction of occupational performance and all executive functions scores of children except for the Shift and Emotional Control. Parent self-efficacy was also improved. These preliminary results suggest that the telehealth parent coaching program may potentially support a family who has a child with ADHD and executive function deficits.

17.
Pediatr Surg Int ; 39(1): 96, 2023 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36715758

RESUMO

AIM OF THE STUDY: We conducted a nationwide survey of persistent cloaca (PC) to determine its current status in Japan. This study clarifies the potential risk factors for defecation problems in patients with PC. METHODS: Patient information was obtained via questionnaire, and a total of 213 PC patients who responded to a questionnaire on defecation problems and their bowel functions were enrolled in this study. We evaluated the constipation, incontinence, and soiling as bowel functions. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed using a logistic regression analysis to clarify the risk factors for defecation problems. RESULTS: Of 213 patients with PC, 55 (25.8%) had defecation problems. A multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that sacral agenesis, as an associated anomaly, was significantly associated with defecation problems (odds ratio [OR] 3.19, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.11-9.16, p = 0.03). The other multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the PC patients who underwent antegrade continence enema and regularly took laxatives after anorectoplasty had defecation problems (OR 12.4, 95% CI 2.35-65.6, p = 0.003, OR 2.84, 95% CI 1.24-6.55, p = 0.01). CONCLUSION: Sacral agenesis is the potential risk factor of defecation problems in the patients with PC who underwent anorectoplasty. Those patients require vigorous defecation management.


Assuntos
Anormalidades do Sistema Digestório , Incontinência Fecal , Humanos , Animais , Defecação , Cloaca , Japão/epidemiologia , Constipação Intestinal/etiologia , Anormalidades do Sistema Digestório/complicações , Inquéritos e Questionários , Fatores de Risco , Incontinência Fecal/etiologia , Incontinência Fecal/complicações
18.
Sci Total Environ ; 865: 161269, 2023 Mar 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36587658

RESUMO

Long-term environmental change, sudden pulses of extreme perturbation, or a combination of both can trigger regime shifts by changing the processes and feedbacks which determine community assembly, structure, and function, altering the state of ecosystems. Our understanding of the mechanisms that stabilise against regime shifts or lock communities into altered states is limited, yet also critical to anticipating future states, preventing regime shifts, and reversing unwanted state change. Ocean acidification contributes to the restructuring and simplification of algal systems, however the mechanisms through which this occurs and whether additional drivers are involved requires further study. Using monthly surveys over three years at a shallow-water volcanic seep we examined how the composition of algal communities change seasonally and following periods of significant physical disturbance by typhoons at three levels of ocean acidification (equivalent to means of contemporary ∼350 and future ∼500 and 900 µatm pCO2). Sites exposed to acidification were increasingly monopolised by structurally simple, fast-growing turf algae, and were clearly different to structurally complex macrophyte-dominated reference sites. The distinct contemporary and acidified community states were stabilised and maintained at their respective sites by different mechanisms following seasonal typhoon disturbance. Macroalgal-dominated sites were resistant to typhoon damage. In contrast, significant losses of algal biomass represented a near total ecosystem reset by typhoons for the turf-dominated communities at the elevated pCO2 sites (i.e. negligible resistance). A combination of disturbance and subsequent turf recovery maintained the same simplified state between years (elevated CO2 levels promote turf growth following algal removal, inhibiting macroalgal recruitment). Thus, ocean acidification may promote shifts in algal systems towards degraded ecosystem states, and short-term disturbances which reset successional trajectories may 'lock-in' these alternative states of low structural and functional diversity.


Assuntos
Tempestades Ciclônicas , Ecossistema , Água do Mar/química , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Acidificação dos Oceanos
19.
ACS Synth Biol ; 12(1): 249-264, 2023 01 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36599162

RESUMO

Antibiotic-resistant infectious disease is a critical challenge to human health. Antimicrobial proteins offer a compelling solution if engineered for potency, selectivity, and physiological stability. Lysins, which lyse cells via degradation of cell wall peptidoglycans, have significant potential to fill this role. Yet, the functional complexity of antimicrobial activity has hindered high-throughput characterization for discovery and design. To dramatically expand knowledge of the sequence-function landscape of lysins, we developed a depletion-based assay for library-scale measurement of lysin inhibitory activity. We coupled this platform with a high-throughput proteolytic stability assay to assess the activity and stability of ∼5 × 104 lysin catalytic domain variants, resulting in the discovery of a variant with increased activity (70 ± 20%) and stability (7.2 ± 0.4 °C increased midpoint of thermal denaturation). Ridge regression of the resulting data set demonstrated that libraries with a higher average Hamming distance better informed pairwise models and that coupling activity and stability assays enabled better prediction of catalytically active lysins. The best models achieved Pearson's correlation coefficients of 0.87 ± 0.01 and 0.61 ± 0.04 for predicting catalytic domain stability and activity, respectively. Our work provides an efficient strategy for constructing protein sequence-function landscapes, drastically increases screening throughput for engineering lysins, and yields promising lysins for further development.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos , Humanos , Domínio Catalítico , Peptidoglicano
20.
Clin Nutr ; 42(2): 173-181, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36599272

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Evidence suggests that adherence to the Mediterranean diet (MedDiet) affects human metabolism and may contribute to better cognitive performance. However, the underlying mechanisms are not clear. OBJECTIVE: We generated a metabolite profile for adherence to MedDiet and evaluated its cross-sectional association with aspects of cognitive performance. METHODS: A total of 1250 healthy Greek middle-aged adults from the Epirus Health Study cohort were included in the analysis. Adherence to the MedDiet was assessed using the 14-point Mediterranean Diet Adherence Screener (MEDAS); cognition was measured using the Trail Making Test, the Verbal Fluency test and the Logical Memory test. A targeted metabolite profiling (n = 250 metabolites) approach was applied, using a high-throughput nuclear magnetic resonance platform. We used elastic net regularized regressions, with a 10-fold cross-validation procedure, to identify a metabolite profile for MEDAS. We evaluated the associations of the identified metabolite profile and MEDAS with cognitive tests, using multivariable linear regression models. RESULTS: We identified a metabolite profile composed of 42 metabolites, mainly lipoprotein subclasses and fatty acids, significantly correlated with MedDiet adherence (Pearson r = 0.35, P-value = 5.5 × 10-37). After adjusting for known risk factors and accounting for multiple testing, the metabolite profile and MEDAS were not associated with the cognitive tests. CONCLUSIONS: A plasma metabolite profile related to better adherence to the MedDiet was not associated with the tested aspects of cognitive performance, in a middle-aged Mediterranean population.

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