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1.
J Clin Anesth ; 97: 111539, 2024 Jun 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38945059

RESUMO

STUDY OBJECTIVE: This study aims to evaluate the effect of perioperative liberal drinking management, including preoperative carbohydrate loading (PCL) given 2 h before surgery and early oral feeding (EOF) at 6 h postoperatively, in enhancing postoperative gastrointestinal function and improving outcomes in gynecologic patients. The hypotheses are that the perioperative liberal drinking management accelerates the recovery of gastrointestinal function, enhances dietary tolerance throughout hospitalization, and ultimately reduces the length of hospitalization. DESIGN: A prospective randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Operating room and gynecological ward in Wuhan Union Hospital. PATIENTS: We enrolled 210 patients undergoing elective gynecological laparoscopic surgery, and 157 patients were included in the final analysis. INTERVENTIONS: Patients were randomly allocated in a 1:1:1 ratio into three groups, including the control, PCL, and PCL-EOF groups. The anesthetists and follow-up staff were blinded to group assignment. MEASUREMENTS: The primary outcome was the postoperative Intake, Feeling nauseated, Emesis, Examination, and Duration of symptoms (I-FEED) score (range 0 to 14, higher scores worse). Secondary outcomes included the incidence of I-FEED scores >2, and other additional indicators to monitor postoperative gastrointestinal function, including time to first flatus, time to first defecation, time to feces Bristol grade 3-4, and time to tolerate diet. Additionally, we collected other ERAS recovery indicators, including the incidence of PONV, complications, postoperative pain score, satisfaction score, and the quality of postoperative functional recovery at discharge. MAIN RESULTS: The PCL-EOF exhibited significantly enhanced gastrointestinal function recovery compared to control group and PCL group (p < 0.05), with the lower I-FEED score (PCL: 0[0,1] vs. PCL-EOF: 0[0,0] vs. control: 1[0,2]) and the reduced incidence of I-FEED >2 (PCL:8% vs. PCL-EOF: 2% vs. control:21%). Compared to the control, the intervention of PCL-EOF protected patients from the incidence of I-FEED score > 2 [HR:0.09, 95%CI (0.01-0.72), p = 0.023], and was beneficial in promoting the patient's postoperative first flatus [PCL-EOF: HR:3.33, 95%CI (2.14-5.19),p < 0.001], first defecation [PCL-EOF: HR:2.76, 95%CI (1.83-4.16), p < 0.001], Bristol feces grade 3-4 [PCL-EOF: HR:3.65, 95%CI (2.36-5.63), p < 0.001], first fluid diet[PCL-EOF: HR:2.76, 95%CI (1.83-4.16), p < 0.001], and first normal diet[PCL-EOF: HR:6.63, 95%CI (4.18-10.50), p < 0.001]. Also, the length of postoperative hospital stay (PCL-EOF: 5d vs. PCL: 6d and control: 6d, p < 0.001), the total cost (PCL-EOF: 25052 ± 3650y vs. PCL: 27914 ± 4684y and control: 26799 ± 4775y, p = 0.005), and postoperative VAS pain score values [POD0 (PCL-EOF: 2 vs. control: 4 vs. PCL: 4, p < 0.001), POD1 (PCL-EOF: 1 vs. control: 3 vs. PCL: 2, p < 0.001), POD2 (PCL-EOF: 1 vs. control:2 vs. PCL: 1, p < 0.001), POD3 (PCL-EOF: 0 vs. control: 1 vs. PCL: 1, p < 0.001)] were significantly reduced in PCL-EOF group. CONCLUSIONS: Our primary endpoint, I-FEED score demonstrated significant reduction with perioperative liberal drinking, serving as a protective intervention against I-FEED>2. Gastrointestinal recovery metrics, such as time to first flatus and defecation, also showed substantial improvements. Furthermore, the intervention enhanced postoperative dietary tolerance and expedited early recovery. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ChiCTR2300071047(https://www.chictr.org.cn/).

3.
World J Surg Oncol ; 22(1): 134, 2024 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38769546

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Appendiceal pseudomyxoma peritonei (PMP), a rare tumor from mucinous appendiceal origins, is treated with Cytoreductive Surgery (CRS) and Hyperthermic Intraperitoneal Chemotherapy (HIPEC). However, tubing blockages during HIPEC treatment pose a common challenge, impeding the smooth progression of therapy. Few studies to date have explored the incidence and risk factors of tube occlusion during HIPEC in patients with appendiceal PMP, as well as its adverse impact on postoperative complications. METHODS: From October 2017 to June 2023, a total of 80 patients with appendiceal PMP undergoing combined CRS and HIPEC were included in this study. Tubing blockage events were strictly defined, with patients experiencing blockages during HIPEC treatment allocated to the study group, while those with unobstructed perfusion were assigned to the control group. A comparative analysis was conducted between the two groups regarding post-HIPEC health assessments and occurrence of complications. Risk factors for luminal occlusion during closed HIPEC procedures were identified through univariate and multivariate analysis of data from 303 HIPEC treatments. RESULTS: Tubing blockages occurred in 41 patients (51.3%). The study group experienced prolonged gastrointestinal decompression time (4.1 ± 3.0 vs. 2.5 ± 1.7 days, P = 0.003) and prolonged time to bowel movement (6.1 ± 2.3 vs. 5.1 ± 1.8 days, P = 0.022) compared to the control group. There was no significant difference in the incidence of complications between the two groups. The 1-year survival rate postoperatively was 97%, and the 3-year survival rate was 81%, with no association found between tubing blockage and poorer survival. Additionally, In 303 instances of HIPEC treatment among these 80 patients, tube occlusion occurred in 89 cases (89/303, 29.4%). Multivariable logistic regression analysis revealed age, diabetes, hypertension, and pathology as independent risk factors for tube occlusion. CONCLUSION: Tubing blockages are a common occurrence during HIPEC treatment, leading to prolonged postoperative gastrointestinal functional recovery time. When patients are elderly and have concomitant hypertension and diabetes, along with a histological type of low-grade mucinous tumor, the risk of tube occlusion increases. However, this study did not find a significant correlation between tubing blockage and the incidence of postoperative complications or overall patient survival.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Apêndice , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos de Citorredução , Quimioterapia Intraperitoneal Hipertérmica , Neoplasias Peritoneais , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Pseudomixoma Peritoneal , Humanos , Pseudomixoma Peritoneal/terapia , Pseudomixoma Peritoneal/patologia , Feminino , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Peritoneais/terapia , Neoplasias Peritoneais/patologia , Neoplasias do Apêndice/patologia , Neoplasias do Apêndice/terapia , Neoplasias do Apêndice/mortalidade , Prognóstico , Quimioterapia Intraperitoneal Hipertérmica/métodos , Quimioterapia Intraperitoneal Hipertérmica/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos de Citorredução/efeitos adversos , Seguimentos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Adulto , Estudos Retrospectivos , Terapia Combinada , Taxa de Sobrevida , Idoso , Fatores de Risco , Hipertermia Induzida/efeitos adversos , Hipertermia Induzida/métodos
4.
Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol ; 297: 30-35, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38574697

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Gastrointestinal dysfunction after cesarean section negatively affects postoperative recovery. Dexmedetomidine has been shown to improve postoperative gastrointestinal function in patients undergoing lumbar spinal fusion surgery and laparoscopic gastrectomy, but its role in cesarean section has not been fully elucidated. The study aimed to investigate the effect of dexmedetomidine on gastrointestinal function after cesarean section. STUDY DESIGN: 220 pregnant women who underwent elective cesarean section were randomized into group D and group S. Group D patients received a loading dose of 0.5 µg/kg of dexmedetomidine for 10 mins followed by a maintenance dose of 0.5 µg/kg/h intravenously immediately after the umbilical cord was cut intraoperatively, whereas the other group (group S) received an equivalent quantity of normal saline as loading and maintenance dose IV by infusion pump. The primary outcome was time to first flatus after surgery (hours). Secondary outcomes included time to first feces and first bowel sounds (hours), incidence rates of postoperative gastrointestinal complications, and the length of postoperative hospital stay (days). RESULTS: Modified intention-to-treat analysis showed that patients in Group D had a significantly shorter time to first flatus (21 [16 to 28.25] vs. 25 [18 to 32.25] h; P = 0.014), time to first feces (45.5 [35.75 to 55.25] vs. 53 [40 to 60] h; P = 0.019), and time to first bowel sounds (P = 0.010), a lower incidence of abdominal distension (21[20.6 %] vs. 36[34.3 %], P = 0.027), shorter length of postoperative hospital stay (P = 0.010) compared to patients in Group S. CONCLUSION: Intraoperative dexmedetomidine infusion reduces the time to first flatus, the incidence of abdominal distension, and shortens the length of hospital stay, promoting gastrointestinal function after cesarean section.


Assuntos
Anestesia Epidural , Raquianestesia , Cesárea , Dexmedetomidina , Humanos , Dexmedetomidina/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Cesárea/efeitos adversos , Método Duplo-Cego , Gravidez , Adulto , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica/efeitos dos fármacos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Anestesia Obstétrica/métodos , Gastroenteropatias , Cuidados Intraoperatórios/métodos
5.
Ann Med Surg (Lond) ; 86(4): 1977-1982, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38576914

RESUMO

Background: Patients undergoing intestinal tumour surgery are fasted preoperatively for a series of bowel preparations, which makes it difficult to assess the patients' volume, posing a challenge to intraoperative fluid replacement. Besides, inappropriate fluid therapy can cause organ damage and affect the prognosis of patients, and it increases the burden of patients and has a certain impact on patients and families. Material and methods: The authors designed a single-centre, prospective, single-blinded, randomized, parallel-controlled trial. Fifty-four patients undergoing elective radical resection of colorectal cancer were selected and divided into two groups according to whether transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) was used or not during the operation, that is the goal-directed fluid therapy (GDFT) group (group T) guided by TEE and the restrictive fluid therapy group (group C). Fluid replacement was guided according to left ventricular end-diastolic volume index (LVEDVI) in group T and according to restrictive fluid replacement regimen in group C. Results: The first postoperative exhaust time and defecation time in group T [(45±21), (53±24) h] were significantly shorter (P<0.05) than those in group C [(63±26), (77±30) h]. There were no significant differences (P>0.05) in liquid intake time and postoperative nausea and vomiting incidences between the two groups. The total intraoperative fluid volume in group T was significantly higher (P<0.05) than that in group C. There was no significant difference (P>0.05) in urine volume between the two groups. There were no significant differences (P>0.05) in lactate content, mean arterial pressure, and heart rate at various time points between the two groups. The length of hospital stay in group C [(18±4) days] was significantly longer (P<0.05) than that in group T [(15±4) days]. Conclusions: For patients undergoing colorectal cancer surgery, fluid therapy by monitoring LVEDVI resulted in faster recovery of gastrointestinal function and shorter hospital stay.

6.
J Multidiscip Healthc ; 17: 1343-1362, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38545434

RESUMO

Objective: The objective of this study was to search for, evaluate, and summarize data related to a faster postoperative recovery in patients with colorectal cancer (CRC) based on literature from China as well as internationally. This will serve as an evidence-based foundation for the clinical implementation of enhanced postoperative recovery of gastrointestinal function in patients with CRC. Methods: Based on the hierarchical "6S" evidence model, we conducted a systematic search of computerized decision-support systems, guideline websites, as well as domestic and international databases for evidence, guidelines, expert consensus statements, clinical decision-making, best practices, evidence summaries, and systematic reviews of interventions focusing on accelerating gastrointestinal function rehabilitation after CRC surgery. The time limit for the search was from the date of creation of the database to January 2023. Two researchers evaluated the quality of the literature that was included, and we extracted data and summarized the evidence from those publications that fulfilled the quality criteria. Results: The review included a total of 21 publications, comprising 6 guidelines, 6 systematic reviews, 3 expert consensus statements, 4 randomized controlled trials, and 2 evidence summaries. We summarized 51 best evidence findings across five areas: organizational management, preoperative risk assessment, education, intraoperative monitoring, and postoperative management. Conclusion: There is a wide variety and wealth of information available on interventions to promote enhanced postoperative recovery of gastrointestinal function in patients with CRC. The use of evidence is discussed, keeping in mind the practical situation in China.

7.
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu ; 49(3): 283-288, 2024 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38500325

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To observe the therapeutic effect of transcutaneous electrical acupoint stimulation (TEAS) based on the theory of "qi ascending and descending movement" in patients after general anesthesia laparoscopic cholecystectomy, so as to explore the impact of TEAS on the autonomic nervous system and gastrointestinal function of patients. METHODS: A total of 204 patients scheduled to undergo general anesthesia laparoscopic cholecystectomy were selected and randomly divided into control, double acupoints and multiple acupoints groups, with 68 cases in each group. For patients in the multiple acupoints group, TEAS was applied at Zusanli (ST36), Tiantu (CV22), Danzhong (CV17), Zhongwan (CV12), Taichong (LR3), and Neiguan (PC6) 30 min before anesthesia induction until the end of the surgery. In the double acupoints group, TEAS was applied only at ST36 and PC6. No electrical stimulation was applied in the control group. The postoperative bloating, bowel sound recovery time, first farting time, first defecation time, length of hospital stay, nausea and vomiting were compared among the three groups. Heart rate variability was monitored by twelve-lead electrocardiogram to evaluate the autonomic nervous function of the patients, including the low frequency power/high frequency power ratio (LF/HF), the standard deviation of all sinus RR intervals (SDNN), and the root mean square of difference between successive normal RR intervals (RMSSD). RESULTS: At 6 h and 24 h after surgery, the symptoms of bloating, nausea and vomiting in the multiple acupoints group and double acupoints group were significantly improved compared to the control group (P<0.05), and the multiple acupoints group was superior to the double acupoints group (P<0.05). Compared with the control group, the bowel sound recovery time, first farting time, first defecation time, and length of hospital stay were significantly shorter (P<0.05) in the multiple acupoints group and double acupoints group, and the multiple acupoints group was superior to the double acupoints group (P<0.05). At 1 d and 2 d after surgery, compared with the control group, LF/HF was decreased (P<0.05) while SDNN and RMSSD were increased (P<0.05) in the multiple acupoints group and double acupoints group, and there was a significant difference between the two groups (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: TEAS treatment based on the theory of "qi ascending and descending movement" can relieve gastrointestinal dysfunction, reduce early postoperative sympathetic nerve excitement and maintain parasympathetic nerve tension in patients after general anesthesia laparoscopic cholecystectomy, thereby promoting gastrointestinal function recovery.


Assuntos
Colecistectomia Laparoscópica , Estimulação Elétrica Nervosa Transcutânea , Humanos , Colecistectomia Laparoscópica/efeitos adversos , Pontos de Acupuntura , Qi , Sistema Nervoso Autônomo , Náusea , Vômito , Anestesia Geral
8.
World J Gastrointest Surg ; 16(1): 76-84, 2024 Jan 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38328324

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The liver is an important metabolic and digestive organ in the human body, capable of producing bile, clotting factors, and vitamins. AIM: To investigate the recovery of gastrointestinal function in patients after hepatobiliary surgery and identify effective rehabilitation measures. METHODS: A total of 200 patients who underwent hepatobiliary surgery in our hospital in 2022 were selected as the study subjects. They were divided into a control group and a study group based on the extent of the surgery, with 100 patients in each group. The control group received routine treatment, while the study group received targeted interventions, including early enteral nutrition support, drinking water before gas discharge, and large bowel enema, to promote postoperative gastrointestinal function recovery. The recovery of gastrointestinal function was compared between the two groups. RESULTS: Compared with the control group, patients in the study group had better recovery of bowel sounds and less accumulation of fluids in the liver bed and gallbladder fossa (P < 0.05). They also had shorter time to gas discharge and first meal (P < 0.05), higher overall effective rate of gastrointestinal function recovery (P < 0.05), and lower incidence of postoperative complications (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Targeted nursing interventions (early nutritional support, drinking water before gas discharge, and enema) can effectively promote gastrointestinal function recovery in patients undergoing hepatobiliary surgery and reduce the incidence of complications, which is worthy of promotion.

9.
Heliyon ; 10(1): e23706, 2024 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38205292

RESUMO

Purpose: To investigate perioperative risk factors that affect the recovery of postoperative gastrointestinal function in patients undergoing gynecological surgery and to establish a preoperative risk prediction scoring system. Methods: In this retrospective cohort study, characteristics and perioperative factors of patients who underwent elective gynecological surgery at Union Hospital from January 2021 to March 2022 were extracted from electronic medical records. Patients were grouped according to the Intake, Feeling nauseated, Emesis, physical Exam, and Duration of symptoms (I-FEED) scoring system to compare collected data. Results: In total, clinical data from 208 gynecological patients were extracted. The incidence of poor postoperative gastrointestinal recovery was 7.21 %. The number of previous abdominal surgeries (0.73 ± 0.06 vs 1.20 ± 0.24, p = 0.044), the incidence of malignant disease (20.2 % vs 53.3 %, p = 0.003), postoperative maximum WBC count (9.15 vs 12.44, p = 0.005) and postoperative minimum potassium (3.97 ± 0.36 vs 3.76 ± 0.37, p = 0.036) were not only associated with poor postoperative gastrointestinal recovery, but also malignant disease (p = 0.000), postoperative maximum WBC count (p = 0.027) and postoperative minimum potassium (p = 0.024) were significantly associated with the severity of postoperative gastrointestinal function. An increased number of previous abdominal surgeries and malignant primary disease could increase the risk of an I-FEED score >2 as independent risk factors. Conclusion: Patients with poor postoperative GI function had poorer postoperative recovery outcomes. A preoperative score prediction system was established, in which patients with ≥2 points had a 19.4 % risk of poor postoperative gastrointestinal recovery. Higher-quality prospective studies should be performed to achieve more precise risk stratification and to construct a more accurate prediction system.

10.
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu ; 49(1): 64-70, 2024 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38239140

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To explore the effects of the combination of he-sea and front-mu points on the feeding compliance rate, the intra-abdominal pressure, the enteral nutrition tolerance score, the score of acute physiological and chronic health evaluation (APACHE)-Ⅱ and gastrointestinal function impairment grade in the patients with enteral nutrition feeding intolerance (ENFI) of critical illness and evaluate clinical effect on ENFI after acupuncture at the he-sea and front-mu points. METHODS: Seventy patients of ENFI were randomized into a control group and an observation group, 35 cases in each one. In the control group, the patients were treated with routine regimen combined with intestinal nutrition support. In the observation group, on the basis of the treatment as the control group, acupuncture was applied to Shangwan (CV13), Zhongwan (CV12), Xiawan (CV10), Qihai (CV6) and Guanyuan (CV4), as well as bila-teral Neiguan (PC6), Zusanli (ST36), Xiajuxu (ST39), Shangjuxu (ST37), Tianshu (ST25) and Daheng (SP15). Of those acupoints, ST25 and SP15 on the same side were attached to one pair of electrodes (20 Hz/100 Hz). Acupuncture was delivered once daily, 30 min each time and for consecutive 7 days. During treatment, the numbers of the cases up to the feeding standard were observed everyday to calculate the feeding compliance rate. The score of enteral nutrition tolerance, the intra-abdominal pressure, the score of APACHE-Ⅱ and the level of acute gastriointestinal injury(AGI) grading were recorded. RESULTS: After treatment, the enteral feeding compliance rate was increased in comparison with that before treatment in the two groups, and the rate in the observation group was higher than that of the control group (P<0.05) except that on the 2nd day. The score of the enteral nutrition tolerance, the intra-abdominal pressure, the score of APACHE-Ⅱ and the level of AGI were all reduced (P<0.05, P<0.01) when compared with those before treatment in the two groups, and these indicators in the observation group were lower (P<0.05) than those of the control group. CONCLUSIONS: Acupuncture at the he-sea and front-mu points relieves the conditions of ENFI, improves the feeding and the recovery of gastrointestinal function, and benefits the prognosis through increasing the amount of enteral nutrition in ENFI patients.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Nutrição Enteral , Humanos , Estado Terminal/terapia , Intestinos , Pontos de Acupuntura
11.
J Clin Monit Comput ; 38(2): 355-362, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37418061

RESUMO

The brain-gut axis represents a bidirectional communication linking brain function with the gastrointestinal (GI) system. This interaction comprises a top-down communication from the brain to the gut, and a bottom-up communication from the gut to the brain, including neural, endocrine, immune, and humoral signaling. Acute brain injury (ABI) can lead to systemic complications including GI dysfunction. Techniques for monitoring GI function are currently few, neglected, and many under investigation. The use of ultrasound could provide a measure of gastric emptying, bowel peristalsis, bowel diameter, bowel wall thickness and tissue perfusion. Despite novel biomarkers represent a limitation in clinical practice, intra-abdominal pressure (IAP) is easy-to-use and measurable at bedside. Increased IAP can be both cause and consequence of GI dysfunction, and it can influence cerebral perfusion pressure and intracranial pressure via physiological mechanisms. Here, we address ten good reasons to consider GI function in patients with ABI, highlighting the importance of its assessment in neurocritical care.


Assuntos
Lesões Encefálicas , Gastroenteropatias , Humanos , Gastroenteropatias/etiologia , Encéfalo , Lesões Encefálicas/complicações
12.
Acupunct Med ; 42(1): 14-22, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37800350

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Postoperative gastrointestinal dysfunction (PGD) is one of the most common complications among patients who have undergone thoracic surgery. Acupuncture has long been used in traditional Chinese medicine to treat gastrointestinal diseases and has shown benefit as an alternative therapy for the management of digestive ailments. This study aimed to explore the therapeutic effectiveness of acupuncture as a means to aid postoperative recovery of gastrointestinal function in patients undergoing thoracoscopic surgery. METHODS: In total, 112 patients aged 18-70 years undergoing thoracoscopic surgery between 15 June 2022 and 30 August 2022 were randomized into two groups. Patients in the acupuncture group (AG) first received acupuncture treatment 4 h after surgery, and treatment was repeated at 24 and 48 h. Patients in the control group (CG) did not receive any acupuncture treatment. Both groups received the same anesthetic protocol. Ultrasound-guided thoracic paravertebral block (TPVB) was performed in the paravertebral spaces between T4 and T5 with administration of 20 mL of 0.33% ropivacaine. All patients received patient-controlled intravenous analgesia (PCIA) after surgery. RESULTS: Median time to first flatus [interquartile range] in the AG was significantly less than in the CG (23.25 [18.13, 29.75] vs 30.75 [24.13, 45.38] h, p < 0.001). Time to first fluid intake after surgery was significantly less in the AG, as compared with the CG (4 [3, 7] vs 6.5 [4.13, 10.75] h, p = 0.003). Static pain, measured by visual analog scale (VAS) score, was significantly different on the third day after surgery (p = 0.018). Dynamic pain VAS scores were lower in the AG versus CG on the first three postoperative days (p = 0.014, 0.003 and 0.041, respectively). CONCLUSION: Addition of acupuncture appeared to improve recovery of postoperative gastrointestinal function and alleviate posteoperative pain in patients undergoing thoracoscopic surgery. Acupuncture may represent a feasible strategy for the prevention of PGD occurrence. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: ChiCTR2200060888 (Chinese Clinical Trial Registry).


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Gastroenteropatias , Humanos , Dor Pós-Operatória/prevenção & controle , Dor Pós-Operatória/tratamento farmacológico , Estudos Prospectivos , Ropivacaina/uso terapêutico , Toracoscopia/efeitos adversos , Toracoscopia/métodos
13.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-1014535

RESUMO

AIM:To explore the molecular mechanism of Tiaopi Chengqi decoction (TpCqD) improving hyperthermia and high-protein food-induced hyperphagia mice based on transcriptomics. METHODS:C57 mice were randomly divided into a control group, model group, low-dose TpCqD group, high-dose TpCqD group, and domperidone group. The general condition of the experimental mice was observed and the average food intake was counted, and the rate of gastric emptying and intestinal propulsion was determined for each group of mice. H&E staining was used to observe pathological changes in gastric tissue. PAS staining was used to observe glycogen changes in gastric tissue. Pepsin activity was determined by colorimetry. pH value of gastric contents was measured by acid-base titration. Transcriptome sequencing was used to analyze the differential genes in gastric tissue, a volcano map and a cluster heat map were made for the differential genes, and KEGG was used to analyze the signal pathway enrichment of the differential genes. RT-qPCR verified the differential genes obtained by screening. RESULTS:After treatment with TpCqD, the body weight and average food intake of mice with food accumulation increased (P<0.05), and the intestinal propulsion rate and gastric emptying speed of mice with food accumulation accelerated (P<0.05). TpCqD could protect gastric tissue structure and glycogen degradation, increase pepsin activity (P<0.05), and reduce gastric content pH (P<0.05). Transcriptome results showed that TpCqD could regulate the expression of Acox2 and cilp2, regulate fat digestion and absorption, protein digestion and absorption, and pancreatic secretion signals. RT-qPCR showed that compare with model group, TpCqD up-regulated Acox2 (P<0.05) and down-regulated the mRNA level of cilp2 (P<0.05). CONCLUSION:TpCqD ameliorated digestive dysfunction in mice with high-calorie and high-protein diets leading to food accumulation involving the regulation of the fat and sugar metabolism genes Acox2 and cilp2, and pancreatic secretory signaling.

14.
Eur J Surg Oncol ; 50(1): 107105, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38096698

RESUMO

AIM: To investigate the impact of the surgical extent on late adverse effects (LAE) following cytoreductive surgery (CRS) and Hyperthermic Intraperitoneal Chemotherapy (HIPEC). METHOD: A prospective cohort study including patients undergoing CRS + HIPEC due to peritoneal metastases from gastrointestinal tumour origin. From 2006 through 2019, consecutive patients treated with CRS + HIPEC were followed at 3, 6 and 12 months, and LAEs were assessed using the symptom scales and items from the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer QLQ-C30 (EORTC QLQ-C30). Surgical extent was categorized into three groups (major, intermediate, minor) based on peritonectomy procedures and colorectal resections performed as part of CRS. EORTC data were analysed using a linear mixed effects regression model adjusted for age, gender, origin of tumour and comorbidity. RESULTS: In total, 257 patients who responded to at least one questionnaire during the follow-ups were included. Only diarrhoea symptoms were positively associated with surgical extent (mean differences: major vs. minor: 8.4 (-0.5; 17.2) (p = 0.06) and major vs. intermediate: 10.9 (3.8; 18.0) (p = 0.00)). Additionally, diarrhoea symptoms persisted throughout the study period and did not change over time (mean difference 12-3 months: -3.6 (-9.1; 1.7) (p-value = 0.18)). Overall, the levels of different symptom scales (fatigue, nausea and vomiting, pain, dyspnoea, and appetite loss) significantly decreased from 3 to 12 months. CONCLUSION: Patients undergoing extensive CRS suffer from persistent impaired gastrointestinal function in terms of diarrhoea compared patients undergoing to less extensive surgery. Attention should be directed at detecting such LAE and to guide patients accordingly.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais , Hipertermia Induzida , Neoplasias Peritoneais , Humanos , Neoplasias Colorretais/cirurgia , Neoplasias Colorretais/tratamento farmacológico , Quimioterapia Intraperitoneal Hipertérmica , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos de Citorredução/efeitos adversos , Estudos Prospectivos , Neoplasias Peritoneais/secundário , Quimioterapia do Câncer por Perfusão Regional/métodos , Hipertermia Induzida/efeitos adversos , Diarreia/tratamento farmacológico , Terapia Combinada , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Taxa de Sobrevida
15.
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu ; 48(10): 1048-1054, 2023 Oct 25.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37879956

RESUMO

Gastrointestinal dysfunction is manifested as digestive symptoms. Clinically, Zusanli (ST36) is crucial in the acupoint prescriptions of acupuncture no matter which type of the disease is differentiated in traditional Chinese medicine, but the underlying mechanism remains to be explored. Aiming to summarize the current status of the researches in terms of ameliorating gastrointestinal mucosal damage and regulating gastrointestinal motility disorders, we systematically reviewed the basic researches on the intervention with electroacupuncture (EA) at "ST36" in treatment of the diseases related to gastrointestinal dysfunction in the past 5 years, after searching the articles from Chinese and English databases. The results suggest that EA at ST36 may regulate the local gastrointestinal inflammation, oxidative stress and immune microenvironment to relieve gastrointestinal mucosal damage and adjust gastrointestinal motility disorders by means of modulating the central and peripheral nerve signaling as well as the function of mast cells and Cajal interstitial cells.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Eletroacupuntura , Gastroenteropatias , Ratos , Animais , Humanos , Eletroacupuntura/métodos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Pontos de Acupuntura , Gastroenteropatias/genética , Gastroenteropatias/terapia
16.
World J Gastrointest Surg ; 15(9): 1910-1918, 2023 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37901724

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Postoperative nursing can improve the restlessness and gastrointestinal function of patients with tracheal intubation under general anesthesia in digestive surgery. Wide application of various nursing methods and routine nursing in perioperative nursing of patients with general anesthesia in digestive surgery. AIM: To investigate the impact of early postoperative enteral nutrition nursing based on the enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) theory on postoperative agitation and gastrointestinal recovery in patients undergoing general anesthesia that experienced tracheal intubation. METHODS: The data of 126 patients with digestive surgery from May 2019 to February 2022 were retrospectively analyzed. According to different nursing methods, they were divided into control group and observation group, with 63 cases in observation group and 63 cases in control group. The patients in the control group had standard perioperative nursing care, whereas those in the observation group got enteral nourishment as soon as possible after surgery in accordance with ERAS theory. Both the rate and quality of gastrointestinal function recovery were compared between the two groups after treatment ended. Postoperative anesthesia-related adverse events were tallied, patients' nutritional statuses were monitored, and the Riker sedation and agitation score (SAS) was used to measure the incidence of agitation. RESULTS: When compared to the control group, the awake duration, spontaneous breathing recovery time, extubation time and postoperative eye-opening time were all considerably shorter (P < 0.05). There was no significant difference in the recovery time of orientation force between the two groups (P > 0.05); however, the observation group had a lower SAS score than the control group (P < 0.05). The recovery time for normal intestinal sounds, the time it took to have the first postoperative exhaust, the time it took to have the first postoperative defecation, and the time it took to have the first postoperative half-fluid feeding were all faster in the observation group than in the control group (P < 0.05); Fasting blood glucose was lower in the observation group compared to the control group (P < 0.05), while the albumin and hemoglobin levels were higher on the first and third postoperative days; however, there was no statistically significant difference in the incidence of anesthesia-related adverse reactions between the two groups (P > 0.05). CONCLUSION: The extremely early postoperative enteral nutrition nursing based on ERAS theory can reduce the degree of agitation, improve the quality of recovery, promote the recovery of gastrointestinal function, and improve the nutritional status of patients in the recovery period after tracheal intubation under general anesthesia.

17.
Front Oncol ; 13: 1232754, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37655096

RESUMO

Introduction: Acupuncture has been shown to be effective in restoring gastrointestinal function in tumor patients receiving the enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) protocol. The present systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to evaluate the rationality and efficacy of integrating acupuncture in the ERAS strategy to recuperate gastrointestinal function. Methods: We searched eleven databases for relevant randomized clinical trials (RCTs) of acupuncture for the treatment of gastrointestinal dysfunction in tumor patients treated with the ERAS protocol. The quality of each article was assessed using the Cochrane Collaboration risk of bias criteria and the modified Jadad Scale. As individual symptoms, the primary outcomes were time to postoperative oral food intake, time to first flatus, time to first distension and peristaltic sound recovery time (PSRT). Pain control, adverse events, and acupoint names reported in the included studies were also investigated. Results: Of the 211 reviewed abstracts, 9 studies (702 patients) met eligibility criteria and were included in the present systematic review and meta­analysis. Compared to control groups, acupuncture groups showed a significant reduction in time to postoperative oral food intake [standardized mean difference (SMD) = -0.77, 95% confidence interval (CI) -1.18 to -0.35], time to first flatus (SMD=-0.81, 95% CI -1.13 to -0.48), time to first defecation (SMD=-0.91, 95% CI -1.41 to -0.41, PSRT (SMD=-0.92, 95% CI -1.93 to 0.08), and pain intensity (SMD=-0.60, 95% CI -0.83 to -0.37).The Zusanli (ST36) and Shangjuxu (ST37) acupoints were used in eight of the nine included studies. Adverse events related to acupuncture were observed in two studies, and only one case of bruising was reported. Discussion: The present systematic review and meta­analysis suggested that acupuncture significantly improves recovery of gastrointestinal function and pain control in tumor patients receiving the ERAS protocol compared to the control group. Moreover, ST36 and ST37 were the most frequently used acupoints. Although the safety of acupuncture was poorly described in the included studies, the available data suggested that acupuncture is a safe treatment with only mild side effects. These findings provide evidence-based recommendations for the inclusion of acupuncture in the ERAS protocol for tumor patients. Systematic review registration: https://www.crd.york.ac.uk/prospero/ PROSPERO, identifier CRD42023430211.

18.
Gut ; 72(12): 2372-2380, 2023 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37666657

RESUMO

The objective of this article is to review the evidence of abnormal gastrointestinal (GI) tract motor functions in the context of disorders of gut-brain interaction (DGBI). These include abnormalities of oesophageal motility, gastric emptying, gastric accommodation, colonic transit, colonic motility, colonic volume and rectal evacuation. For each section regarding GI motor dysfunction, the article describes the preferred methods and the documented motor dysfunctions in DGBI based on those methods. The predominantly non-invasive measurements of gut motility as well as therapeutic interventions directed to abnormalities of motility suggest that such measurements are to be considered in patients with DGBI not responding to first-line approaches to behavioural or empirical dietary or pharmacological treatment.


Assuntos
Gastroenteropatias , Motilidade Gastrointestinal , Humanos , Esvaziamento Gástrico , Gastroenteropatias/terapia , Colo , Encéfalo , Trânsito Gastrointestinal
19.
World J Gastrointest Surg ; 15(8): 1728-1738, 2023 Aug 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37701692

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients undergoing laparoscopic resection of liver metastases of colorectal cancer are prone to negative emotions and decrease of digestive function. Early nursing and psychological intervention are necessary. AIM: To observe the effect of enhanced recovery nursing combined with mental health education on postoperative recovery and mental health of patients undergoing laparoscopic resection of liver metastases of colorectal cancer. METHODS: One hundred and twenty patients who underwent laparoscopic resection of liver metastases of colorectal cancer at our hospital between March 2021 and March 2023, were selected as participants. The patients admitted from March 1, 2021 to February 28, 2022 were set as the control group, and they were given routine nursing combined with mental health education intervention. While the patients admitted from March 1, 2022 to March 31, 2023 were set as the observation group, they were given accelerated rehabilitation surgical nursing combined with mental health education intervention. The differences in postoperative recovery-related indices, complications and pain degrees, and mental health-related scores were compared between groups. The T lymphocyte subset levels of the two groups were also compared. RESULTS: The postoperative exhaust, defecation, eating and drainage time of the observation group were shorter than those of the control group. The pain scores of the observation group were lower than those of the control group at 6, 12, 24, 48, and 72 h after surgery. The cumulative complication rate of the observation group was lower than that of the control group (P < 0.05). The CD4+/CD8+ in the observation group was higher than that in the control group 3 d after surgery (P < 0.05). After intervention, the self-rating depression scale, self-rating anxiety scale, avoidance dimension, and yielding dimension in Medical coping style (MCMQ) scores of the two groups were lower than those prior to intervention, and the scores in the observation group were lower than those in the control group (P < 0.05). The face dimension score in the MCMQ score was higher than that before intervention, and that of the observation group was higher than that of the control group (P < 0.05). After intervention, the total scores of the life function index scale (FLIC) and psychological well-being scores of cancer patients in the two groups, and the physical and social well-being scores in the observation group, were higher than those before intervention. The nursing satisfaction of the observation group was higher than that of the control group (P < 0.05). The physical, psychological, and social well-being, and the total FLIC scores of the observation group were higher than those in the control group after surgery (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Enhanced recovery nursing combined with mental health education can promote the recovery of gastrointestinal function, improve the mental health and quality of life of patients after laparoscopic resection of colorectal cancer liver metastases, and reduce the incidence of complications.

20.
Nutrients ; 15(18)2023 Sep 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37764835

RESUMO

Enteral nutrition in critically ill children has been associated with improved clinical outcomes. Gastrointestinal dysfunction often impedes the timely initiation and advancement of enteral nutrition and can contribute to immune dysregulation and systemic inflammation. Therefore, assessing gastrointestinal function, at a cellular and functional level, is important to provide optimal enteral nutrition therapy and reduce the gastrointestinal tract's contribution to the inflammatory cascade of critical illness. In this narrative review, we present an overview of biomarker and functional assays for gastrointestinal dysfunction, including epithelial barrier disruption and gastrointestinal dysmotility, that have been considered for critically ill patients.


Assuntos
Terapia Comportamental , Estado Terminal , Criança , Humanos , Biomarcadores , Bioensaio , Cognição
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