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1.
Enferm. clín. (Ed. impr.) ; 32(1): 1-9, Ene - Feb, 2022. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-203640

RESUMO

La diabetes tipo 2 (DM2) es una de las enfermedades que causa mayor mortalidad prematura y discapacidad a nivel mundial. Las alteraciones del sueño se han asociado a la aparición de trastornos metabólicos y a mayores niveles de hemoglobina glucosilada en personas diabéticas.Objetivo:Evaluar la calidad del sueño de personas con DM2 y su asociación con características sociodemográficas, clínicas y metabólicas.Métodos:Estudio observacional, transversal, analítico en 223 personas con DM2 entre 20 y 64 años controladas en un centro de atención primaria de salud.Resultados:La mayoría eran mujeres (66,4%), edad promedio 54,7 años y solo el 33% duerme las horas necesarias (7 a 9 horas). Un 57,7% se encontraba metabólicamente descompensado (Hb1Ac>7%). Un 75,2% de los participantes presentó problemas de sueño de diversa gravedad, que se asoció a ser mujer, dolor nocturno, nicturia, tiempo de diagnóstico de la diabetes y síntomas depresivos. Las personas con mala calidad de sueño tuvieron 73% más probabilidad de estar descompensados metabólicamente, sin embargo, este resultado no fue estadísticamente significativo OR=1,73 (IC: 0,78-3,87).Conclusiones:Destaca la alta frecuencia de mala calidad de sueño y descompensación metabólica en la muestra, lo que podría complicar la DM2. No es concluyente la asociación entre mala calidad de sueño y descompensación de la DM2. Futuras investigaciones contribuirán a dilucidar el papel del sueño en la compensación metabólica y en la prevención de trastornos metabólicos.


Type 2 diabetes (DM2) is one of the diseases that cause the highest premature mortality and disability worldwide. Sleep disturbances have been associated with the onset of metabolic disorders and increased levels of glycated haemoglobin in diabetics.Objective:To evaluate the quality of sleep of people with type 2 diabetes and its association with sociodemographic, clinical, and metabolic characteristics.Methods:Observational, cross-sectional, analytical study of 223 patients with DM2 between 20 and 64 years old, controlled in a primary health care centre in Chile.Results:Most were women (66.4%), average age 54.7 years. Only 33% slept the required number of hours (7 to 9hours) to maintain health. Fifty-seven point seven percent were metabolically unbalanced (Hb1Ac>7%). Seventy-five point two percent presented sleep problems of varying severity, which were associated with being a woman, night pain, nocturia, time of diagnosis of diabetes, and depressive symptoms. Persons with poor sleep quality were 73% more likely to be metabolically decompensated, however, this result was not statistically significant: OR=1.73 (CI:78-3.87).Conclusions:The high frequency of poor sleep quality and metabolic decompensation in the sample stands out, which could complicate DM2. The association between poor sleep quality and DM2 decompensation is inconclusive. Future research will contribute to elucidating the role of sleep in metabolic compensation and in the prevention of metabolic disorders.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília , Hemoglobina A Glicada , Higiene do Sono , Estudos Transversais
2.
Med Intensiva (Engl Ed) ; 46(3): 123-131, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34996742

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To describe the transfusion practice in the ICUs in Spain, according to national and international recommendations (guidelines). DESIGN: Prospective, cross-sectional, multi-centre study. SCOPE: Data collection was carried out by means of a questionnaire sent electronically to the Heads of Service of 111 ICUs in Spain. PARTICIPANTS: 1,448 patients were included, aged 61.8 (SD 15.7) years, 66.2% male, with an SOFA of 4.7 ±â€¯3.8 and average stay of 10.62 ±â€¯17.49 days. VARIABLES: Demographic and clinical variables of the patients were collected, as well as variables related to the transfusion act. RESULTS: Of the 1,448 patients, 9.9% received al least one transfusion of any blood product, 3.7% fresh plasma, 3.9% platelets and 8.9% red blood cell concentrate, mainly by analytical criteria (36.2%). Hemoglobin had a mean of 7.8 g/dL (95% CI: 6-9-8.5) and 9.8 g/dL (95% CI: 8.5-11.2) before and after the transfusion, respectively, p < 0.001. The transfusion units had a mean of 2.5 ±â€¯2.4 per patient. The most commonly used blood product was red blood cell concentrate (CH) (90.2%). Patients admitted for surgery had a higher transfusion rate (14.4%) than those admitted for medical pathology (8.9%) (p = 0.006). 5.4% (7/129) of patients who received CH died compared to 2.4% (31/1302) who did not (p = 0.04). Mortality of transfused patients was higher. The transfusion rate in most of hospitals was 5% to 20%, with 18 hospitals (16.21%) having transfusion rates between 20% and 50%. Hospitals with PBM programs and mass transfusion programs had a lower transfusion rate, although not statistically significant. CONCLUSIONS: In this multicenter cross-sectional study, a transfusion prevalence of 9.9% was observed in Spanish Critical Care Units. The most frequent blood product transfused was red blood cells and the main reasons for transfusion were acute anemia with hemodynamic impact and analytical criteria. Mortality of transfused patients was higher.


Assuntos
Transfusão de Sangue , Transfusão de Eritrócitos , Cuidados Críticos , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos
3.
Enferm Clin (Engl Ed) ; 32(1): 45-53, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35094966

RESUMO

Type 2 diabetes (DM2) is one of the diseases that cause the highest premature mortality and disability worldwide. Sleep disturbances have been associated with the onset of metabolic disorders and increased levels of glycated haemoglobin in diabetics. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the quality of sleep of people with type 2 diabetes and its association with sociodemographic, clinical, and metabolic characteristics. METHODS: Observational, cross-sectional, analytical study of 223 patients with DM2 between 20 and 64 years old, controlled in a primary health care centre in Chile. RESULTS: Most were women (66.4%), average age 54.7 years. Only 33% slept the required number of hours (7-9 h) to maintain health. Fifty-seven point seven percent were metabolically unbalanced (Hb1Ac > 7%). Seventy-five point two percent presented sleep problems of varying severity, which were associated with being a woman, night pain, nocturia, time of diagnosis of diabetes, and depressive symptoms. Persons with poor sleep quality were 73% more likely to be metabolically decompensated, however, this result was not statistically significant: OR = 1.73 (CI: 78-3.87). CONCLUSIONS: The high frequency of poor sleep quality and metabolic decompensation in the sample stands out, which could complicate DM2. The association between poor sleep quality and DM2 decompensation is inconclusive. Future research will contribute to elucidating the role of sleep in metabolic compensation and in the prevention of metabolic disorders.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sono , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/etiologia , Adulto Jovem
4.
Med Clin (Barc) ; 158(6): 270-273, 2022 03 25.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33846002

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Gestational anaemia, which has specific haemoglobin (Hb) reference values in each trimester of gestation, increases the risk of maternal mortality and complications both in pregnancy and in the first months of the newborn's life. The objective of this study is to evaluate haemoglobin levels in pregnant women in our population, to determine the prevalence of gestational anaemia and to propose reference values specific to them. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective study of all blood counts requested in pregnancy and postpartum controls during 2019. RESULTS: 9995 gestation haemograms corresponding to 5507 pregnant women were reviewed. Of these, 1134 patients underwent complete follow-up in 2019. The prevalence data for anaemia were 1.8%, 11.8% and 13.2% in each trimester respectively, and the global prevalence in pregnancy was 22.6%. Regarding postpartum anaemia, its prevalence with respect to all pregnant women was 2.99%, increasing to 38.2% in those patients with complications during delivery. CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of gestational anaemia in our population is somewhat higher than in countries like ours. Therefore, there is room for improvement in our current clinical protocols. It is important to assess updating analytical controls with other more adequate parameters to determine iron reserves, as this is the main cause of anaemia.


Assuntos
Anemia , Complicações Hematológicas na Gravidez , Anemia/etiologia , Feminino , Hemoglobinas/análise , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Gravidez , Complicações Hematológicas na Gravidez/epidemiologia , Complicações Hematológicas na Gravidez/etiologia , Prevalência , Estudos Retrospectivos
5.
Rev. Paul. Pediatr. (Ed. Port., Online) ; 40: e2020350, 2022. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1340794

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Objective: To assess the association between anemia and nutritional aspects in adolescent athletes from a large sport club. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study, involving 298 athletes aged between 10 and 17 years, submitted to measurement of skin folds, weight and height, and collection of capillary blood in duplicate to determine hemoglobin values. It was carried out in a random sample composed of athletes from eight sport modalities. Results: Regarding nutritional status, 10.1% of athletes were overweight based on body mass index and 70 (23.5%) athletes had a percentage of body fat classified as high or very high. The prevalence of anemia was 16.4%, being more prevalent in judo (37.1%), basketball (34%) and futsal (20.5%) athletes. Low hemoglobin levels were significantly associated with shorter stature (p=0.006). Conclusions: There was a significant association between anemia and short stature, suggesting that the athlete's height-weight development may be affected in suboptimal conditions of oxygen distribution.


RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar a associação entre anemia e aspectos nutricionais em atletas adolescentes de um clube desportivo de grande porte. Métodos: Trata-se de estudo de corte transversal que envolveu 298 atletas com idades entre 10 e 17 anos, submetidos à aferição de dobras cutâneas, peso e altura, além de coleta de sangue capilar em duplicata para a determinação dos valores de hemoglobina. Foi realizado em amostra aleatória composta de atletas oriundos de oito modalidades esportivas. Resultados: Em relação ao estado nutricional, 10,1% dos atletas apresentaram excesso de peso com base no índice de massa corpórea e 70 (23,5%) atletas estavam com porcentagem de gordura corporal classificada como alta ou muito alta. A prevalência de anemia foi de 16,4%, mais prevalente nos atletas do judô (37,1%), basquete (34%) e futsal (20,5%). Níveis baixos de hemoglobina foram associados à menor estatura (p=0,006). Conclusões: Observou-se associação significativa entre anemia e baixa estatura, o que sugere que o desenvolvimento pôndero-estatural do atleta pode ser afetado em condições subótimas de distribuição de oxigênio.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1340805

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate sleep characteristics of children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) and their relationship with glycemic control. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted at a public hospital in São Paulo, Brazil. It included 86 patients with T1DM, aged between 10 and 18 years old, who were on insulin therapy, had performed at least three measurements of capillary blood glucose throughout the day, and had normal thyroid function. The clinical, anthropometric, and laboratory data of each patient were evaluated. The Pediatric Daytime Sleepiness Scale (PDSS) and the Munich Chronotype Questionnaire (MCTQ) were used to assess the sleep characteristics. Results: The mean level of glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) was 9.2±2.1%, and it was higher in adolescents than in children. The mean score of PDSS was 13.9±4.7. Patients with HbA1c<7.5% had lower PDSS scores and longer sleep duration on weekdays than patients with HbA1c≥7.5%. HbA1c levels were negatively correlated with chronotype values and sleep duration on weekdays and positively correlated with social jet lag. Patients who had had T1DM for less than three years had a higher prevalence of daytime sleepiness. The regression analysis showed that higher HbA1c (≥7.5%) and shorter time since the diagnosis of T1DM increased the chance of daytime sleepiness, regardless of age and sex. Conclusions: Patients with higher HbA1c had more daytime sleepiness, a morning chronotype, shorter sleep duration on weekdays and a more significant social jet lag. The shorter diagnosis time for T1DM and greater levels of HbA1c increased the chance of daytime sleepiness.


RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar as características do sono em crianças e adolescentes portadores de diabetes melito tipo 1 (DM1) e sua relação com o controle glicêmico. Métodos: Estudo transversal realizado em um hospital público de São Paulo. A amostra foi composta de 86 portadores de DM1 entre 10 e 18 anos, aderentes à insulinoterapia, com monitoração mínima de três glicemias capilares ao dia e função tireoidiana normal. Foram avaliados os dados clínicos, antropométricos e laboratoriais de cada paciente. Utilizaram-se a Escala de Sonolência Diurna Pediátrica (ESDP) e o Questionário de Cronotipo de Munique (QCTM). Resultados: A média de hemoglobina glicada (HbA1c) foi 9,2±2,1%, sendo maior em adolescentes. A média do escore da ESDP foi 13,9±4,7. Pacientes com HbA1c<7,5% tiveram menor escore na ESDP e maior duração do sono em dias de semana do que pacientes com HbA1c≥7,5%. Verificaram-se correlações negativas da HbA1c com valores do cronotipo e com duração do sono em dias de semana e correlação positiva da HbA1c com jet lag social. Pacientes com tempo de DM1 menor que três anos tiveram maior prevalência de sonolência diurna. A análise de regressão apontou que, quanto maior a HbA1c e menor o tempo de diagnóstico de DM1, maior a chance de sonolência diurna, independentemente de idade e sexo. Conclusões: Pacientes com HbA1c mais elevada apresentaram mais sonolência diurna, cronotipo matutino, menor duração do sono em dias de semana e maior jet lag social. O menor tempo de diagnóstico de DM1 e HbA1c≥7,5% aumentaram a chance de maior sonolência diurna.

7.
Endocrinol Diabetes Nutr (Engl Ed) ; 68(8): 567-572, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34872640

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of sensor-augmented insulin pump therapy (SAP) in addition to a comprehensive diabetes program on glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), severe hypoglycemia, ketoacidosis, and the hospital admission rate in patients with type 1 diabetes under real-world settings during a 2-year follow-up. METHODS: This was a retrospective real-life study comparing diabetes control before and after SAP therapy initiation. Patients ≥18 years old with type 1 diabetes were included. They were followed for 2 years with clinical assessments at months 3, 6, 12, 18, and 24. Effectiveness was estimated by difference in medians of HbA1c from baseline and at each follow-up visit. Safety was assessed by comparing the annual rates of severe hypoglycemia, hyperglycemic crisis, and hospital admission related to diabetes. RESULTS: 162 patients were included, median age 32 years, women 73%). The main indication for SAP was poor metabolic control (51.2%). At 2 years HbA1c decreased from 8.4% to 7.5% (-0.9%, 95% CI: 0.5-1.2; p<0.0001), HbA1c ≤7% improved from 14.2% to 25.3% (11.1%, 95% CI: 19.7-2.5; p=0.006), and severe hypoglycemia decreased from 22.2% to 14.1% (-8.1%, 95% CI: -16.5 to 0.3; p=0.03). CONCLUSIONS: SAP therapy improved glycemic control after the third month of use and for up to 2 years of follow-up, with lower rates of hospital admission and severe hypoglycemia. More studies are needed to assess the add-on impact of education programs and technologies for diabetes care.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1 , Adolescente , Adulto , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1/tratamento farmacológico , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Hipoglicemiantes/efeitos adversos , Insulina/efeitos adversos , Estudos Retrospectivos
8.
Endocrinol Diabetes Nutr (Engl Ed) ; 68(10): 735-740, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34924162

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to estimate the effectiveness of a comprehensive diabetes program (CDP) in terms of glycemic control, adherence, and the selection of candidates for sensor-augmented insulin pump therapy (SAP). METHODS: We compared diabetes control before and 6 months after CDP. The program was based on disease management using a logical model dealing with the following: case management, education and coaching, nutritional assessment, and mental health. RESULTS: The CDP improved glycemic control, HbA1c decreased by 0.56% (p-value=0.004; 95% CI: 0.14-0.98) and 19.1% of the patients reached the HbA1c goal without hypoglycemia. The CDP reduced by 52.4% the indication for SAP due to better glycemic control (36.4%) or non-adherence issues (63.6%); the remaining 47.6% persisted with poor glycemic control despite good adherence and were scaled to SAP. Among the 30 suitable candidates for SAP therapy, 60% did not reach the HbA1c goal and 40% had either hypoglycemic episodes (severe or persistent) or dawn phenomenon. The overall non-adherence rate was 33.3%. CONCLUSIONS: CDP optimized the selection of suitable candidates for SAP by improving glycemic control and identifying adherence issues early. These results provide evidence of the impact of the implementation of patient selection and educational protocols in the real-life setting of a highly experienced clinic.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1 , Controle Glicêmico , Glicemia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1/tratamento farmacológico , Hemoglobina A Glicada/análise , Humanos , Hipoglicemiantes/uso terapêutico , Insulina
9.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357574

RESUMO

Introducción: Las tecnologías de información y comunicación pueden ayudarnos a mejorar el control metabólico y la adherencia de las personas con diabetes mellitus tipo 2 (DM2). Objetivo: Evaluar los efectos de una intervención con llamadas telefónicas en pacientes ambulatorios con DM2 mal controlada de un hospital en Perú. Material y Métodos: Ensayo clínico aleatorizado. Incluimos adultos con DM2 con mal control glicémico (HbA1c > 7%), quienes fueron aleatorizados al grupo control (cuidado usual) o al grupo intervención (cuidado usual más una intervención con llamadas telefónicas cada dos semanas por tres meses). El desenlace principal fue la reducción ≥ 1% de hemoglobina glicosilada a los tres meses. Resultados: Se reclutó 94 participantes (47 en cada grupo). La edad promedio fue 59,8 años (DE: 10,2), 69,2 % fueron mujeres. A los tres meses, solo 14/47 participantes del grupo control y 13/47 participantes del grupo intervención tuvieron medición de HbA1c. Entre estos, el porcentaje de los que lograron una disminución ≥ 1% de HbA1c fue de 35,7% (5/14) en el grupo control y 53,8% (7/13) en el grupo intervención (RR: 0,72, IC 95%: 0,35-1,47). No se encontró diferencias en la adherencia al tratamiento entre ambos grupos. Conclusiones: No se encontró diferencias estadísticamente significativas para los desenlaces de interés. Posiblemente esto se deba al bajo porcentaje de participantes a los que se logró completar el seguimiento.


Introduction: Information and communication technologies can help us improve metabolic control and adherence in people with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2). Objective: To evaluate the effects of an intervention with telephone calls in outpatients with poorly controlled DM2 in a hospital in Peru. Material and Methods: Randomized clinical trial. We included adults with DM2 with poor glycemic control, who were randomized to the control group (usual care) or to the intervention group (usual care plus a telephone intervention every two weeks for three months). The primary outcome was a ≥ 1% reduction in glycosylated hemoglobin at three months. Results: 94 participants were recruited (47 in each group). Mean age was 59.8 years (SD: 10.2), 69.2 % were women. At three months, only 14/47 participants in the control group and 13/47 participants in the intervention group had HbA1c measurement. Among these, the percentage of those who achieved a ≥ 1% decrease in HbA1c was 35,7% (5/14) in the control group and 53,8% (7/13) in the intervention group (RR: 0,72, 95% CI: 0,35-1,47). No differences were found in adherence to treatment between groups. Conclusions: No statistically significant differences were found for the outcomes of interest. This is possibly due to the low percentage of participants who were able to complete follow-up. Innovative solutions are needed to improve the control of people with DM2.

10.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1354918

RESUMO

Introducción: Investigaciones anteriores coinciden en que el enriquecimiento de alimentos es la mejor estrategia a largo plazo en la prevención de la deficiencia de hierro. Nuestro objetivo es evaluar el efecto de una mezcla láctea fortificada con hierro y zinc sobre los niveles de hemoglobina en niños de 2 a 10 años. Material y métodos: Se realizó un ensayo clínico aleatorizado, doble ciego, controlado en una comunidad ubicada a 2,590 metros sobre el nivel del mar. Se incluyeron niños con niveles en el límite inferior de los rangos de normalidad o anemia leve. Asignamos a los participantes de manera aleatoria que recibieran la mezcla láctea fortificada con hierro y zinc o una mezcla láctea no fortificada. La mezcla láctea se administró cinco días a la semana durante 24 semanas. Nuestro resultado principal fue el nivel de hemoglobina corregida tomando en cuenta la altura sobre el nivel del mar y los índices antropométricos se evaluaron como resultado secundario. La magnitud de la diferencia observada entre los grupos se estimó mediante la prueba t de Student. Todos los análisis se realizaron por intención de tratar. Resultados: Se asignaron al azar 67 niños, intervención: n=32 y control: n=35. La edad media fue de 5,8 años; 30 eran mujeres. La hemoglobina al final del seguimiento fue 13,1 gr/dL (0,9) en el grupo experimental mientras que, en el grupo control, fue de 12,1 gr/dL (0,8); p <0,001. Asimismo, se evidenció una diferencia positiva en los indicadores antropométricos en el grupo experimental. Conclusión: La mezcla láctea fortificada con hierro y zinc aumenta los niveles de hemoglobina y los índices antropométricos en niños de 2 a 10 años.


Objetive:Previous research agrees tha tfood fortification is the best long-term strategy for preventing iron deficiency. Our goal is to evaluate the effect of a dairy mixture fortified with iron and zinc on hemoglobin levels in children aged 2 to 10 years. Material and methods: A randomized, double-blind, controlled clinical trial was conducted in a community located 2,590 meters above sea level. Children with normal levels of hemoglobin or mild anemia were included. We assign participants to receive the iron-zinc-fortified dairy mixture or an unfortified dairy mixture. The supplement was administered five days a week for 24 weeks. Our main result was the corrected hemoglobin level taking into account the height above sea level and anthropometric indices were evaluated as a secondary result. The magnitude of the difference observed between the groups was estimated by the Student t-test. All analyzes were done with the intention to treat. Results: 67 children were randomly assigned, intervention: n=32 and control: n=35. The mean age was 5.8 years; 30 were women. Hemoglobin at the end of the follow-up was 13.1 g/dL(0.9) in the experimental group, while, in the control group, it was 12.1 g/dL(0.8); p <0.001. Likewise, a positive difference was evidenced in the anthropometric indicators in the experimental group. Conclusion: Dairy mixture fortified with iron and zinc increases hemoglobin levels and anthropometric indices in children from 2 to 10 years old.

11.
Horiz. meÌüd. ; 21(4): e1489, oct.-dic. 2021. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1356244

RESUMO

RESUMEN Objetivo: Determinar la asociación entre soporte familiar y control glicémico en pacientes con diabetes mellitus tipo 2 que acuden al Consultorio Externo de Endocrinología del Hospital Nacional Dos de Mayo. Materiales y métodos: Se realizó un estudio cuantitativo, observacional y transversal. La muestra fue de 158 sujetos diabéticos mayores de 18 años con hemoglobina glicosilada al momento de la consulta, obtenida mediante Epi info v7.9.2, con un nivel de confianza 95 %, precisión del 5 % y con una frecuencia esperada de 12,11 %. El muestreo fue no probabilístico por conveniencia. Se aplicó una ficha de recolección, registrándose datos sociodemográficos, clínicos y del entorno social del paciente, así como una encuesta de la Escala de Cohesión y Adaptabilidad Familiar-FACES III para determinar el soporte familiar. Se realizó la prueba chi cuadrado para determinar la asociación entre soporte familiar y control glicémico. Resultados: El 50,60 % (n = 80) de los participantes fueron mujeres. La edad media fue de 63,5± 12,10 años. La figura familiar más representativa de cuidador primario fue el hijo en un 50,6 % (n = 80) seguido del cónyuge 20,3 % (n = 32). De los 158 sujetos, 98 (62 %) tuvieron control glicémico controlado y de estos 44 (44,9 %) un soporte familiar adecuado. De los 60 no controlados, 16 (26,6 %) tuvieron un soporte familiar adecuado. Se determinó la asociación entre soporte familiar y control glicémico siendo estadísticamente significativa X2 = 5,252, con un ρ < 0,05. Conclusiones: Existe una asociación significativa entre el soporte familiar y el control glicémico en los pacientes diabéticos que se atienden en los consultorios de endocrinología del Hospital Nacional Dos de Mayo.


ABSTRACT Objective: To determine the association between family support and glycemic control among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus who attend the outpatient endocrinology office of the Hospital Nacional Dos de Mayo. Materials and methods: A quantitative, observational and cross-sectional study was carried out. The sample consisted of 158 diabetic subjects over 18 years of age whose glycosylated hemoglobin was obtained at the time of the consultation using the Epi Info version 7.9.2 software, with a 95 % confidence level, 5 % accuracy and 12.11 % expected frequency. A non-probability convenience sampling was used. A data collection sheet was employed to register the patients' sociodemographic, clinical and social environment data, as well as the Family Adaptability and Cohesion Evaluation Scale III (FACES III) to determine the family support. A chi-square test was used to determine the association between family support and glycemic control. Results: Female patients accounted for 50.6 % (n = 80) of the sample. The mean age was 63.5 ± 12.10 years. The patients' children (50.6 %, n = 80) and spouses (20.3 %, n = 32) were the most likely primary caregivers. Out of the 158 study subjects, 98 (62 %) had a good glycemic control, 44 % of whom (44.9 %) presented an adequate family support. Out of the 60 patients with no glycemic control, 16 (26.6 %) had an adequate family support. A statistically significant association between family support and glycemic control was demonstrated, with X² = 5,252 and ρ value < 0.05. Conclusions: There is a significant association between family support and glycemic control among the diabetic patients treated at the outpatient endocrinology office of the Hospital Nacional Dos de Mayo.

12.
Invest. educ. enferm ; 39(3): 117-130, 15 octubre del 2021. Tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1348235

RESUMO

Objective. To identify the proportion of poor of glycemic control and associated factors among people with type 2 diabetes attending a regional reference outpatient clinic in Mato Grosso (Brazil). Methods. This is a cross-sectional quantitative study based on data from medical records of 338 people with type 2 diabetes who attend a state reference outpatient clinic in Mato Grosso (Brazil). Information on glycemic control, sociodemographic factors, lifestyle and clinical conditions was collected. Results. The prevalence of elevated glycated hemoglobin was 47.34%. In the Poisson multiple regression model analysis with robust variance, poor glycemic control was significantly associated (p<0.05) with the following factors: insulin use (Prevalence Ratio -PR = 2.03), fasting glucose ≤70 and ≥100 mg/dL (PR = 2.0), postprandial glucose ≥180 mg/dL (PR = 1.76), no physical activity (PR = 1.62), the interaction between age group ≤59 years and the time of disease diagnosis >10 years (PR = 1.58), and presence of arterial hypertension (PR = 0.79). Conclusion. Most users of the reference outpatient clinic with type 2 diabetes had poor glycemic control associated with risk factors that alter glycated hemoglobin and negatively affect the achievement of established glycemic levels.


Objetivo. Identificar la proporción de falta de control glucémico y los factores asociados entre las personas con diabetes tipo 2 que acuden a un ambulatorio regional de referencia en Mato Grosso (Brasil). Métodos. Se trata de un estudio transversal basado en los datos de las historias clínicas de 338 personas con diabetes tipo 2 atendidas en un ambulatorio estatal de referencia. Se tomó información del control glucémico, los factores sociodemográficos, el estilo de vida y las condiciones clínicas. Resultados. La prevalencia de hemoglobina glicosilada elevada fue del 47.34%. En el análisis del modelo de regresión múltiple de Poisson con varianza robusta mostró que el descontrol glucémico estaba significativamente asociado (p<0.05) con los siguientes factores: el uso de insulina (Ratio de Prevalencia -RP = 2.03), la glucemia en ayunas ≤70 y ≥100 mg/dL (PR = 2), la glucemia postprandial ≥180 mg/dL (PR = 1.76), la ausencia de actividad física (PR = 1.62), la interacción entre el grupo de edad ≤59 años y el tiempo de diagnóstico de la enfermedad >10 años (PR = 1.58) y la presencia de hipertensión (PR = 0.79). Conclusión. Una buena parte de los usuarios del ambulatorio de referencia con diabetes tipo 2 presentaba descontrol glucémico asociado a factores de riesgo que alteran la hemoglobina glicosilada y afectan negativamente la consecución de los niveles glucémicos establecidos.


Objetivo. Identificar a proporção de falta de controle glicêmico e fatores associados entre pessoas com diabetes tipo 2 que visitam um ambulatório de referência regional em Mato Grosso (Brasil). Métodos. Trata-se de um estudo transversal e quantitativo, com base em dados de prontuários de 338 pessoas com diabetes tipo 2 atendidas em ambulatório de referência estadual de Mato Grosso (Brasil). Foi recolhida informação sobre controlo glicémico, factores socio-demográficos, estilo de vida e condições clínicas. Resultados. A prevalência de hemoglobina glicada elevada foi de 47,34%. Na análise do modelo de regressão múltipla de Poisson com variância robusta, foi demonstrado que o descontrole glicêmico foi significativamente associado (p<0,05) aos seguintes fatores: uso de insulina (Razão de Prevalência -RP = 2.03), glicemia de jejum ≤70 e ≥100 mg / dL (RP = 2.0), glicemia pós-prandial ≥180 mg / dL (RP = 1.76), nenhuma atividade física (RP = 1.62), a interação entre a faixa etária ≤59 anos e o tempo de diagnóstico da doença > 10 anos (RP = 1.58) e apresentar hipertensão arterial (RP = 0.79). Conclusão. Boa parte dos usuários do ambulatório de referência com diabetes do tipo 2 apresentou descontrole glicêmico associados a fatores de risco que alteram a hemoglobina glicada e afeta negativamente o alcance dos níveis glicêmicos estabelecidos.


Assuntos
Humanos , Hemoglobina A Glicada , Fatores de Risco , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Controle , Controle Glicêmico , Estilo de Vida
13.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 27(3): 311-314, July-Sept. 2021. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288589

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Introduction Diabetes is a metabolic disease characterized by hyperglycemia. It is a metabolic syndrome in which blood sugar levels increase due to defects in insulin secretion or impaired function, or even both defects. Object To understand the effect of diabetic patients in controlling blood sugar through physical exercise, the paper analyzes the correlation between the exercise status and physiological indicators of diabetic patients in our hospital. Methods We randomly selected 41 diabetic patients and monitored their exercise. At the same time, we check the physiological indicators of the patients after the exercise is completed and analyze the control of blood sugar by sports. Results After healthy physical exercise, the blood sugar level of diabetic patients tended to stabilize, and the glycosylated hemoglobin level decreased. The blood sugar levels of patients who did not participate in healthy physical exercises were not stable, and their glycosylated hemoglobin levels did not improve. Conclusion Healthy sports is a simple, easy, safe and effective adjuvant therapy for the prevention and treatment of diabetes, and it is worthy of clinical promotion. Level of evidence II; Therapeutic studies - investigation of treatment results.


RESUMO Introdução O diabetes é uma doença metabólica caracterizada por hiperglicemia. É uma síndrome metabólica em que os níveis de açúcar no sangue aumentam devido a defeitos na secreção de insulina ou função prejudicada, ou mesmo ambos os defeitos. Objetivo Para compreender os pacientes diabéticos no controle da glicemia por meio do exercício físico, o artigo analisa a correlação entre o estado de exercício e os indicadores fisiológicos de pacientes diabéticos em nosso hospital. Métodos Selecionamos aleatoriamente 41 pacientes diabéticos e monitoramos seus exercícios. Ao mesmo tempo, verificamos os indicadores fisiológicos dos pacientes após a realização do exercício e analisamos o controle da glicemia pelo esporte. Resultados Após exercícios físicos saudáveis, o nível de açúcar no sangue de pacientes diabéticos tendeu a se estabilizar e o nível de hemoglobina glicosilada diminuiu. Os níveis de açúcar no sangue dos pacientes que não praticavam exercícios físicos saudáveis não foram estáveis e os níveis de hemoglobina glicosilada não melhoraram. Conclusão O esporte saudável é uma terapia adjuvante simples, fácil, segura e eficaz para a prevenção e tratamento do diabetes e merece divulgação clínica. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos - investigação dos resultados do tratamento.


RESUMEN Introducción la diabetes es una enfermedad metabólica caracterizada por hiperglucemia. Es un síndrome metabólico en el que los niveles de azúcar en sangre aumentan debido a defectos en la secreción de insulina o función alterada, o incluso a ambos defectos. Objeto Para comprender a los pacientes diabéticos en el control de la glucemia a través del ejercicio físico, el trabajo analiza la correlación entre el estado de ejercicio y los indicadores fisiológicos de los pacientes diabéticos en nuestro hospital. Métodos Seleccionamos aleatoriamente a 41 pacientes diabéticos y monitoreamos su ejercicio. Al mismo tiempo, verificamos los indicadores fisiológicos de los pacientes una vez finalizado el ejercicio y analizamos el control del azúcar en sangre mediante los deportes. Resultados Después de un ejercicio físico saludable, el nivel de azúcar en sangre de los pacientes diabéticos tendió a estabilizarse y el nivel de hemoglobina glicosilada disminuyó. Los niveles de azúcar en sangre de los pacientes que no participaron en ejercicios físicos saludables no fueron estables y sus niveles de hemoglobina glicosilada no mejoraron. Conclusión El deporte saludable es una terapia adyuvante simple, fácil, segura y eficaz para la prevención y el tratamiento de la diabetes y es digno de promoción clínica. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos: investigación de los resultados del tratamiento.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Glicemia/análise , Hemoglobina A Glicada/análise , Exercício Físico/fisiologia , Diabetes Mellitus/sangue
14.
Alerta (San Salvador) ; 4(3): 169-159, jul. 29, 2021. graf, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1282998

RESUMO

Introducción. La diabetes mellitus tipo 2 genera un incremento de riesgo de daño, tanto a nivel microvascular como a nivel macrovascular, lo que da lugar a una disminución en la calidad de vida. En años recientes ha habido numerosos esfuerzos por implementar intervenciones de atención farmacéutica para mejorar el control y evitar la progresión de esta enfermedad. Objetivo. Conocer el efecto de las intervenciones de atención farmacéutica en el control glicémico de pacientes ambulatorios con diabetes mellitus tipo 2. Metodología. Se efectuaron búsquedas en Medline y en Cochrane Registro Central de Ensayos Controlados para obtener ensayos controlados aleatorios que evaluaran la efectividad de las intervenciones de atención farmacéutica provistas por farmacéuticos comunitarios, clínicos u hospitalarios, dirigidas a pacientes con diabetes mellitus tipo 2 a nivel ambulatorio, en comparación con la atención habitual. Resultados. En el grupo de intervención, la disminución en la diferencia media neta de hemoglobina glicosilada fue estadísticamente significativa en 27 estudios, pues el rango osciló entre 0.4 % y 3.3 %; en 14 estudios, dicha disminución fue estadísticamente significativa y superior o igual a 1 %. En cuanto a la disminución en la diferencia media neta mostrada en el cambio de hemoglobina glicosilada, desde el inicio hasta el final del seguimiento, entre el grupo de intervención y el grupo control, fue significativa en 22 estudios y el rango osciló entre 0.3 y 2.3 %. Conclusión. Las evidencias recopiladas demuestran el efecto significativo que tienen las intervenciones de atención farmacéutica en la mejora del control glicémico de pacientes ambulatorios con diabetes mellitus tipo 2


Introduction. Type 2 diabetes mellitus generates an increased risk of damage, both at the microvascular and macrovascular levels, which leads to a decrease in the quality of life. In recent years there have been numerous efforts to implement pharmaceutical care interventions to improve control and prevent progression of this disease. Target. To know the effect of pharmaceutical care interventions on glycemic control in outpatients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Methodology. Medline and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials were searched for randomized controlled trials evaluating the effectiveness of pharmaceutical care interventions provided by community, clinical or hospital pharmacists, targeting patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus at the outpatient level, in compared to usual care. Results. In the intervention group, the decrease in the mean net difference in glycosylated hemoglobin was statistically significant in 27 studies, since the range ranged between 0.4% and 3.3%; in 14 studies, this decrease was statistically significant and greater than or equal to 1%. Regarding the decrease in the net mean difference shown in the change in glycosylated hemoglobin, from the beginning to the end of the follow-up, between the intervention group and the control group, it was significant in 22 studies and the range ranged between 0.3 and 2.3 %. Conclution. The evidence collected demonstrates the significant effect that pharmaceutical care interventions have in improving glycemic control in outpatients with type 2 diabetes mellitus


Assuntos
Humanos , Assistência Farmacêutica , Hemoglobina A Glicada , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Atenção
15.
Medicina (Ribeirão Preto) ; 54(1)jul, 2021. fig.
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1353725

RESUMO

RESUMO: Modelo do estudo: Trata-se de um estudo experimental in vitro com abordagem computacional. Objetivo: Ana-lisar a existência de interação entre as drogas hidrofóbicas bezafibrato e hidroclorotiazida com a hemoglobina a fim de prever alterações na biodisponibilidade das drogas, bem como na função proteica. Metodologia: Testes de interação in vitro entre a hemoglobina bovina e bezafibrato ou hidroclorotiazida foram realizados por espectrofo-tometria; análises dos sítios de interação e extrapolações para a hemoglobina humana foram feitas por técnicas de bioinformática. Resultados: Os testes in vitro demonstraram diminuição de absorbância (k) em 405 nm igual a 8,75 x 10-4 min-1 para o bezafibrato e 6,25 x 10-4 min--1 para a hidroclorotiazida. A diminuição sugere interação das drogas com a hemoglobina, sendo que o bezafibrato parece interagir com afinidade ligeiramente maior. As análises in silico mostraram que as drogas se ligam à porção proteica da hemoglobina. A constante de afinidade de ligação obtida por ancoragem molecular para o bezafibrato com a hemoglobina bovina (-8,3 kcal/mol) corrobora com o valor experimental de k e com o maior número de interações observadas, em relação à hidroclorotiazida (-6,6 kcal/mol). O mesmo padrão é observado para a interação do bezafibrato (-7,6 kcal/mol) e da hidroclorotiazida (-6,7 kcal/mol) com a hemoglobina humana. Conclusão: As técnicas de espectrofotometria e bioinformática utilizadas sugerem a possibilidade de interação da hemoglobina com drogas de natureza hidrofóbica, como bezafibrato e hi-droclorotiazida, sendo que essa interação pode afetar a função normal da hemoglobina e alterar a farmacodinâmica e farmacocinética das drogas prejudicando sua eficiência terapêutica. (AU)


ABSTRACT: Study model: It is an in vitro experimental study with a computational approach. Objective: Analyze the presence of interaction between hydrophobic drugs bezafibrate and hydrochlorothiazide and hemoglobin to predict bioavailability changes as well as in the protein function. Metodology: The in vitro tests to evaluate the interaction between the bovine hemoglobin and bezafibrate and hydrochlorothiazide were perfomed by spectrophotometry; bioinformatic tools made interaction analysis and extrapolation for human hemoglobin. Results: The in vitro tests showed a decrease in the absorbance (k) at 405 nm equal to 8.75 x 10-4 min-1 for bezafibrate and 6.25 x 10-4 min-1 for hydrochlorothiazide. The decrease suggests an interaction between the drugs and hemoglobin, for bezafibrate this interaction seems to be stronger than hydrochlorothiazide. The in silico analysis showed that the drugs bind to the protein portion of the hemoglobin. The binding affinity constant obtained by molecular docking from bezafibrate and bovine hemoglobin (-8.3 Kcal/mol) sustain the experimental value of k and the greater number of interactions observed in relation to hydrochlorothiazide (-6.6 kcal/mol). The same pattern was observed for interaction of bezafibrate (-7.6 kcal/mol) and hydrochlorothiazide (-6.7 kcal/mol) with human hemoglobin. Conclusion: The spectrophotometry and bioinformatic methods suggested the possibility of hemoglobin interaction with hydrophobic drugs such as bezafibrate and hydrochlorothiazide; this interaction could affect the normal function of hemoglobin and change the pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics of drugs impairing their therapeutic efficiency. (AU)


Assuntos
Espectrofotometria , Hemoglobinas , Biologia Computacional , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular
16.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1354912

RESUMO

Objetivo: El presente estudio se centró en determinar si la diferencia de hemoglobina del tercer y el primer trimestre de gestación mayor de ­ 1 (Delta de hemoglobina disminuido) es un factor de riesgo para el bajo peso al nacer en recién nacidos a término en el Hospital Belén de Trujillo. Material y métodos: Estudio de cohorte histórica. Se realizó un estudio de cohorte retrospectiva donde se incluyeron 218 neonatos, de acuerdo con los criterios de selección, los cuales fueron divididos en dos grupos: pacientes con delta de hemoglobina materna disminuida y no disminuida: aplicando el riesgo relativo y el test estadístico de chi-cuadrado. Resultados: La frecuencia de neonatos con bajo peso al nacer en mujeres embarazadas con delta de hemoglobina disminuida fue de 32/109 = 29 %; la frecuencia de bajo peso al nacer en las mujeres embarazadas con delta de hemoglobina no disminuida fue de 18/109 = 17 %. La delta de hemoglobina materna disminuida es un factor de riesgo para el bajo peso al nacer con un riesgo relativo de 1.78 [IC: 95 % (1.45 ­ 3.56) p < 0.05]. Conclusiones: La delta de hemoglobina materna disminuida es un factor de riesgo para el bajo peso al nacer en recién nacidos a término en el Hospital Belén de Trujillo.


Objetive:The present study focused on determining if the hemoglobin difference of the third and first trimester of gestation greater than - 1 (decreased hemoglobin delta) is a risk factor for low birth weight in term newborns at Hospital Belen from Trujillo. We performed a retrospective cohort study in Material and Methods: which 218 newborns were included according to the selection criteria. The patients were divided into two group of patients with decreased and non-decreased maternal hemoglobin delta: applying the relative risk and the statistical chi test-square. The frequency of low birth weight in pregnant women with Results:decreased hemoglobin delta was 32/109 = 29%; the frequency of low birth weight in pregnant women with undiminished delta hemoglobin was 18/109 = 17%. Declined maternal hemoglobin delta is a risk factor for low birth weight with a relative risk of 1.78 [CI: 95% (1.45 - 3.56) p <0.05].The decreased maternal Conclusions:hemoglobin delta is a risk factor for low birth weight in newborns at Hospital Belen de Trujillo.

17.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33812905

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to estimate the effectiveness of a comprehensive diabetes program (CDP) in terms of glycemic control, adherence, and the selection of candidates for sensor-augmented insulin pump therapy (SAP). METHODS: We compared diabetes control before and 6 months after CDP. The program was based on disease management using a logical model dealing with the following: case management, education and coaching, nutritional assessment, and mental health. RESULTS: The CDP improved glycemic control, HbA1c decreased by 0.56% (p-value=0.004; 95% CI: 0.14-0.98) and 19.1% of the patients reached the HbA1c goal without hypoglycemia. The CDP reduced by 52.4% the indication for SAP due to better glycemic control (36.4%) or non-adherence issues (63.6%); the remaining 47.6% persisted with poor glycemic control despite good adherence and were scaled to SAP. Among the 30 suitable candidates for SAP therapy, 60% did not reach the HbA1c goal and 40% had either hypoglycemic episodes (severe or persistent) or dawn phenomenon. The overall non-adherence rate was 33.3%. CONCLUSIONS: CDP optimized the selection of suitable candidates for SAP by improving glycemic control and identifying adherence issues early. These results provide evidence of the impact of the implementation of patient selection and educational protocols in the real-life setting of a highly experienced clinic.

18.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33875283

RESUMO

Pulmonary involvement in COVID-19 is frequently associated with alterations in oxygenation. The arterial partial pressure of oxygen (PaO2) is the most clinically used variable to assess such oxygenation, since it decisively influences the oxygen transported by hemoglobin (expressed by its percentage of saturation, SaO2). However, two recent studies conducted respectively in silico and using omic techniques in red blood cells of COVID-19 patients have suggested that SARS-CoV-2 could decrease the affinity of oxygen for the hemoglobin (which would imply that PaO2 would overestimate SaO2), and also reduce the amount of this carrier molecule. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate this hypothesis in blood samples from COVID-19 patients. METHODS: Blood gases of all COVID-19 patients performed in our laboratory in two months were included, as well as those from two control groups: synchronous patients with negative PCR for SARS-CoV-2 (SCG) and a historical group (HCG). Both SaO2 and venous saturations (SvO2) measured by cooximetry (COX) were compared separately with those calculated using the Kelman (K), Severinghaus (SV) and Siggaard-Andersen (SA) equations in each group. RESULTS: Measured and calculated SaO2 and SvO2 were practically equivalent in all groups. Intraclass correlation coefficients (ICC) for SaO2 in COVID-19 were 0.993 for COX-K and 0.992 for both COX-SV and COX-SA; being 0.995 for SvO2 for either COX-K, COX-SV or COX-SA. Hemoglobin and ferritin were slightly higher in COVID-19 compared to SCG and HCG (hemoglobin, p < 0.001 for both; ferritin, p < 0.05 for SCG and p < 0.001 for HCG). CONCLUSION: Under clinical conditions SARS-CoV-2 does not have an appreciable influence on the affinity of oxygen for the hemoglobin, nor on the levels of this carrier molecule. Therefore, PaO2 is a good marker of blood oxygenation also in COVID-19.

19.
An. Fac. Cienc. Méd. (Asunción) ; 54(1): 61-66, 20210000.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1178623

RESUMO

Introducción: Identificar factores de riesgo para pérdida de la sensibilidad protectora es fundamental para prevenir el Pie Diabético. Objetivos: Analizar los factores de riesgo asociados a la pérdida de la sensibilidad protectora en pacientes con diabetes mellitus y sus complicaciones. Materiales y métodos: diseño observacional, de casos y controles. Se incluyó pacientes de ambos sexos, con diabetes mellitus; ≥ 18 años, a quienes se realizó el Test de monofilamento en la Unidad Multidisciplinaria Hospital de Clínicas, de enero 2014 a julio 2019. Factores de riesgo considerados: edad, años de diabetes mellitus, Hba1c, HTA, dislipidemia; se tuvo en cuenta las complicaciones: retinopatía, enfermedad arterial periférica = ITB <0,9 derecho e izquierdo, enfermedad renal= ClCr <60 ml/min/m2 (MDRD), amputaciones (mayores y menores). Resultados: De 100 pacientes; 33% con pérdida de la sensibilidad protectora; edad 59±9,7 años; 55% masculino. Factores de riesgo: edad: 57,7±1,0 años sin pérdida de la sensibilidad protectora y 61,2±9 años con pérdida de la sensibilidad protectora, p=0.08; años de diabetes mellitus 9,4±8,4 vs 11,5± 8,7 p=0,20; HbA1C 8,8± 2,7% vs 9,1±2% p=0,50; HTA 63,5% vs 75,6% p=0,20; dislipidemias 75,9% vs 57,69%, p=0,09; complicaciones con pérdida de la sensibilidad protectora: retinopatía 88% vs 57,5% OR=1,67, p=0,02. ClCr 84±40,3 ml/min vs 90,9±30,4, p=0,40. Enfermedad arterial periférica derecha 27,78% vs 11,1% OR=0,1, p=0,10; enfermedad arterial periférica izquierda 20% vs 7 15,5% OR=1 p=0,60; amputación 17,5% vs 7,9% OR=2,01, p=0,06. Conclusión: con pérdida de la sensibilidad protectora: la edad, años de diabetes mellitus fueron mayores. HTA fue más frecuente y Hba1c más elevada; nefropatía, enfermedad arterial periférica y amputación con mayor frecuencia, todas no significativas. La retinopatía fue más frecuente en forma significativa.


Introduction: Identifying risk factors for loss of protective sensitivity is essential to prevent Diabetic Foot. Objectives: To analyze the risk factors associated with the loss of protective sensitivity in patients with diabetes mellitus and its complications. Materials and methods: observational, case-control design. Patients of both sexes were included, with diabetes mellitus; ≥ 18 years, who underwent the Monofilament Test in the Multidisciplinary Unit Hospital de Clínicas, from January 2014 to July 2019. Risk factors considered: age, years of diabetes mellitus, Hba1c, HT, dyslipidemia; Complications were taken into account: retinopathy, peripheral arterial disease = ABI <0.9 right and left, kidney disease = CrCl <60 ml / min / m2 (MDRD), amputations (major and minor). Results: Of 100 patients; 33% with loss of protective sensitivity; age 59 ± 9.7 years; 55% male. Risk factors: age: 57.7 ± 1.0 years without loss of protective sensitivity and 61.2 ± 9 years with loss of protective sensitivity, p = 0.08; years of diabetes mellitus 9.4 ± 8.4 vs 11.5 ± 8.7 p = 0.20; HbA1C 8.8 ± 2.7% vs 9.1 ± 2% p = 0.50; HTN 63.5% vs 75.6% p = 0.20; dyslipidemias 75.9% vs 57.69%, p = 0.09; complications with loss of protective sensitivity: retinopathy 88% vs 57.5% OR = 1.67, p = 0.02. CrCl 84 ± 40.3 ml / min vs 90.9 ± 30.4, p = 0.40. Right peripheral arterial disease 27.78% vs 11.1% OR = 0.1, p = 0.10; left peripheral arterial disease 20% vs 7 15.5% OR = 1 p = 0.60; 17.5% amputation vs 7.9% OR = 2.01, p = 0.06. Conclusion: with loss of protective sensitivity: age, years of diabetes mellitus were older. HBP was more frequent and Hba1c higher; nephropathy, peripheral arterial disease and amputation with greater frequency, all not significant. Retinopathy was significantly more frequent.


Assuntos
Pé Diabético , Diabetes Mellitus , Dislipidemias , Doença Arterial Periférica , Amputação , Fatores de Risco , Nefropatias
20.
Rev Esp Geriatr Gerontol ; 56(3): 129-135, 2021.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33771359

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The objective was to examine the prevalence of anemia according to the state of frailty and to analyze the relationship between anemia, hemoglobin concentration and frailty in a cohort of Spanish older adults. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Cross-sectional substudy of the FRADEA (Frailty and Dependency in Albacete) cohort, a population-based concurrent cohort study conducted in people older than 69 years of Albacete (Spain). Of the 993 participants included in the first wave, 790 were selected with valid data on anemia and frailty. Anemia was defined according to the criteria of the World Health Organization (hemoglobin less than 13 g/dL in men and 12 g/dL in women). Frailty was assessed using the Fried's phenotype. The association between anemia, hemoglobin concentration and frailty was determined by binary logistic regression adjusted for age, sex, educational level, institutionalization, comorbidity, cognitive status, body mass index, polypharmacy, creatinine, glucose and total white blood cell count. RESULTS: The mean age was 79 years. The prevalence of anemia was 19.6%. The prevalence of anemia was significantly higher in frail subjects (29.6%) compared to prefrail (16.6%) and robust ones (6%), p<0.001. The average hemoglobin concentrations were significantly lower in frail (12.7 g/dL), compared to the prefrail (13.5 g/dL) and robust participants (14.4 g/dL), p < 0.001. In the fully adjusted regression model, anemia was associated with frailty (OR 1.95; 95% CI: 1.02-3.73, p<0.05), and similarly, the average hemoglobin concentrations showed a significant association with frailty (OR 0.79; 95% CI: 0.66-0.96, p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Anemia in older adults, defined according to WHO criteria, is independently associated with frailty.


Assuntos
Anemia , Fragilidade , Idoso , Anemia/epidemiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Idoso Fragilizado , Fragilidade/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Espanha/epidemiologia
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