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1.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 13: 825904, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35721721

RESUMO

Background: Infertile men with non-obstructive azoospermia (NOA) have impaired spermatogenesis. Dilated and un-dilated atrophic seminiferous tubules are often present in the testes of these patients, with the highest likelihood of active spermatogenesis in the dilated tubules. Little is known about the un-dilated tubules, which in NOA patients constitute the majority. To advance therapeutic strategies for men with NOA who fail surgical sperm retrieval we aimed to characterize the spermatogonial stem cell microenvironment in atrophic un-dilated tubules. Methods: Testis biopsies approximately 3x3x3 mm3 were obtained from un-dilated areas from 34 patients. They were classified as hypospermatogenesis (HS) (n=5), maturation arrest (MA) (n=14), and Sertoli cell only (SCO) (n= 15). Testis samples from five fertile men were included as controls. Biopsies were used for histological analysis, RT-PCR analysis and immunofluorescence of germ and Sertoli cell markers. Results: Anti-Müllerian hormone mRNA and protein expression was increased in un-dilated tubules in all three NOA subtypes, compared to the control, showing an immature state of Sertoli cells (p<0.05). The GDNF mRNA expression was significantly increased in MA (P=0.0003). The BMP4 mRNA expression showed a significant increase in HS, MA, and SCO (P=0.02, P=0.0005, P=0.02, respectively). The thickness of the tubule wall was increased 2.2-fold in the SCO-NOA compared to the control (p<0.05). In germ cells, we found the DEAD-box helicase 4 (DDX4) and melanoma-associated antigen A4 (MAGE-A4) mRNA and protein expression reduced in NOA (MAGE-A: 46% decrease in HS, 53% decrease in MA, absent in SCO). In HS-NOA, the number of androgen receptor positive Sertoli cells was reduced 30% with a similar pattern in mRNA expression. The γH2AX expression was increased in SCO as compared to HS and MA. However, none of these differences reached statistical significance probably due to low number of samples. Conclusions: Sertoli cells were shown to be immature in un-dilated tubules of three NOA subtypes. The increased DNA damage in Sertoli cells and thicker tubule wall in SCO suggested a different mechanism for the absence of spermatogenesis from SCO to HS and MA. These results expand insight into the differences in un-dilated tubules from the different types of NOA patients.


Assuntos
Azoospermia , Oligospermia , Azoospermia/genética , Azoospermia/patologia , Azoospermia/terapia , Humanos , Masculino , Oligospermia/genética , Oligospermia/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Túbulos Seminíferos/metabolismo , Túbulos Seminíferos/patologia , Espermatogônias/metabolismo
2.
Trials ; 23(1): 525, 2022 Jun 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35733213

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Infertility is a common problem globally and impaired semen quality is responsible for up to 40% of all cases. Almost all infertile couples are treated with either insemination or assisted reproductive techniques (ARTs) independent of the etiology of infertility because no medical treatment exists. Denosumab is an antibody that blocks RANKL signaling and inhibition of testicular RANKL signaling has been suggested to improve semen quality in a pilot study. This RCT aims to assess whether treatment with denosumab can improve spermatogenesis in infertile men selected by serum AMH as a positive predictive biomarker. This paper describes the design of the study. METHODS/DESIGN: FITMI is a sponsor-investigator-initiated, double-blinded, placebo-controlled 1:1, single-center, randomized clinical trial. Subjects will be randomized to receive either a single-dose denosumab 60 mg subcutaneous injection or placebo. The study will be carried out at the Department of Growth and Reproduction, Copenhagen University Hospital, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen. The primary outcome of the study is defined as the difference in sperm concentration (millions pr. mL) one spermatogenesis (80 days) after inclusion. DISCUSSION: We describe a protocol for a planned RCT aimed at evaluating whether treatment with denosumab can improve the semen quality in infertile men selected by using serum AMH as a positive predictive biomarker. The results will provide evidence crucial for future treatment in a patient group where there is a huge unmet need. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Clinical Trials.gov NCT05212337 . Registered on 14 January 2022. EudraCT 2021-003,451-42. Registered on 23 June 2021. Ethical committee H-21040145. Registered on 23 December 2021.


Assuntos
Denosumab , Infertilidade Masculina , Análise do Sêmen , Denosumab/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Infertilidade Masculina/tratamento farmacológico , Masculino , Projetos Piloto , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Contagem de Espermatozoides
3.
Cells ; 11(12)2022 06 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35740996

RESUMO

Mitochondria transfer techniques were first designed to prevent the transmission of diseases due to mutations in mtDNA, as these organelles are exclusively transmitted to the offspring by the oocyte. Despite this, given the crucial role of mitochondria in oocyte maturation, fertilization and subsequent embryo development, these approaches have been proposed as new potential strategies to overcome poor oocyte quality in infertile patients. This condition is a very common cause of infertility in patients of advanced maternal age, and patients with previous in vitro fertilization (IVF) attempt failures of oocyte origin. In this context, the enrichment or the replacement of the whole set of the oocyte mitochondria may improve its quality and increase these patients' chances of success after an IVF treatment. In this short review, we will provide a brief overview of the main human studies using heterologous and autologous mitochondria transfer techniques in the reproductive field, focusing on the etiology of the treated patients and the final outcome. Although there is no current clearly superior mitochondria transfer technique, efforts must be made in order to optimize them and bring them into regular clinical practice, giving these patients a chance to achieve a pregnancy with their own oocytes.


Assuntos
Fertilização In Vitro , Infertilidade , Desenvolvimento Embrionário , Feminino , Fertilização In Vitro/métodos , Humanos , Infertilidade/metabolismo , Infertilidade/terapia , Mitocôndrias , Oócitos/metabolismo , Gravidez
4.
Wiad Lek ; 75(5 pt 2): 1234-1241, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35758437

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim: To assess the current prevalence and identify the risk factors for infertility among couples of reproductive age in Ukraine. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: We conducted a retrospective multicentre cohort study was based on reproductive health surveillance data among married populations from January 1st, 2019 to December 31st, 2021 in Ukraine. Definitions of infertility were used from the WHO. RESULTS: Results: Among all the 6,885 participants in this study, the prevalence of infertility was 25.4%. The prevalence of primary infertility was 5.8%, and the prevalence of secondary infertility was 19.6%. The levels of infertility in the regions of Ukraine had significant differences. It was found that among those women who had primary infertility, more were from rural than urban, while for secondary infertility women the situation was reversed. Infertility was associated with age, history of gynecological surgery, decreased ovarian reserve, age of marriage, long-term air-conditioning environment, and history of endometriosis. There were differences among factors associated with infertility, primary infertility and secondary infertility. The factors associated with primary infertility were age of marriage, age of first sexual intercourse, long-term air-conditioning environment, decreased ovarian reserve and age. A factors associated with secondary infertility were history of gynecological surgery and decreased ovarian reserve. CONCLUSION: Conclusions: The results of this study revealed high level the prevalence rate of infertility among couples of reproductive age in Ukraine is high. This applies to both primary and secondary infertility of married women. The most women who had experienced infertility have not sought medical or professional help for the problem.


Assuntos
Infertilidade Feminina , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Infertilidade Feminina/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Ucrânia/epidemiologia
5.
J Hum Nutr Diet ; 2022 Jun 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35762584

RESUMO

One in seven couples are impacted by infertility in the UK, and female infertility is often associated with several health conditions impacted by nutrition. Despite many studies aimed at identifying the critical role of nutrition in infertility, there is currently no screening tool that identifies nutritional risk factors for infertility. This narrative review aims to identify and summarise modifiable nutritional risk factors that can influence female fertility, including comorbidities that can influence nutrition intake, absorption, and metabolism, and propose a self-administered screening tool to identify women who would benefit from nutritional intervention to promote fertility. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35761486

RESUMO

Trace metals can be divided into two subgroups considering their pathophysiological effects: the first consists of microelements essential for life (arsenic, cobalt, chromium, copper, fluorine, iron, iodine, manganese, molybdenum, nickel, selenium, silicon, tin, vanadium and zinc), implicated in important metabolic processes; the second includes toxic microelements, such as cadmium (Cd), mercury (Hg), chromium (Cr), and lead (Pb) for living organisms, even at low concentrations. These metals contribute to serious consequences for human health, including male infertility. Studies performed in several in vitro and in vivo models revealed that environmental exposure to toxic pollutants, as heavy metals, negatively affects human male fertility. Stem cells, due to their ability to self-renew and differentiate in several cell types, have been proposed as an useful tool in assisted reproductive technology, permitting the spermatogenesis recovery in patients with irreversible infertility. Considering the effects of heavy metals on male fertility and, from a demographic point of view, the decreased fertility ratio, further strategies are required to maintain a sustainable turn-over of 2 children for woman. We discuss here the findings on the biological effects of heavy metal pollution in the male fertility and underline the related socio-economic impact on population demography.

7.
Hum Fertil (Camb) ; : 1-8, 2022 Jun 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35762174

RESUMO

The female infertility experience is well-described, but the male experience is less explored. We sought to understand if fertility motivations and quality of life differ for males undergoing fertility evaluation by a reproductive urologist (RU) versus a reproductive endocrinologist (RE). A cross-sectional study of 201 males undergoing fertility evaluation at an academic centre, by either a RU or RE, over a 2-year period, was performed. A survey was administered, with demographic, medical, and fertility motivations questions, and the validated Fertility Quality of Life (FertiQoL) questionnaire. Responses were compared by provider type using descriptive statistics, chi-square, and t-test. Most men (91.1%) pursued evaluation because of a mutual desire for children. RE evaluated males were older, earned higher incomes, and were more likely to pursue IVF versus those RU evaluated (p < 0.05). Men evaluated by RUs had lower FertiQoL scores, (p < 0.05), which correlated with having known male factor infertility (p < 0.05). Nearly all (96.2%) men evaluated by RUs indicated this was helpful for understanding their infertility. Our findings provide new insight into the male fertility evaluation experience. Despite the lower QoL seen by men seeing a RU, nearly all men reported that a RU evaluation was helpful for understanding their infertility experience.

8.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 13: 850126, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35733765

RESUMO

Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the reproductive outcome of patients with hypogonadotropic hypogonadism (HH) receiving in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer (IVF-ET). Methods: The reproductive outcome of 81 HH patients and 112 controls who underwent oocyte retrieval was evaluated retrospectively in the Center for Reproductive Medicine of Peking University Third Hospital from 2010 to 2019. Results: The basic levels of follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH), estradiol (E2), androstenedione (A) and prolactin (PRL) were significantly lower in the HH group than the control group. Although the HH patients required a significantly longer stimulation and higher gonadotropin (Gn) doses than the control patients, the total number of oocytes retrieved, fertilized embryos, two pronuclear (2PN) embryos, transferable embryos, fertilization and 2PN rates were comparable between the two groups. Although the live birth rate (LBR) of the first fresh cycle was higher in the control group than the HH group, there was no statistical significance. Then we further divided HH patients into two subgroups according to the etiology. Forty-one cases were termed as congenital HH (CHH), while the other 40 cases were termed as acquired HH (AHH), the latter includes functional hypothalamic amenorrhea (FHA) and pituitary HH (PHH). Our results showed that there were no significant differences in basic clinical characteristics and IVF parameters between the two groups. In the HH group, a total of 119 oocyte retrieval cycles were carried out and they responded adequately to ovulation induction. Urinary human menopausal gonadotropin (HMG) was used alone in 90 cycles while combination of HMG and recombinant human follicle stimulating hormone (rFSH) in the other 29 cycles. There were no significant differences in IVF-related parameters between the two groups. The conservative cumulative live birth rates (CLBRs) after the first, the second and ≥third cycles were 43.21%, 58.02% and 60.49%, respectively, while the corresponding optimal CLBRs were 43.21%, 68.45% and 74.19%. The preterm birth (PTB) rates of singletons and twin pregnancy in HH patients were 8.33% (3/36) and 30.77% (4/13), respectively. Conclusion: IVF-ET is an effective treatment for HH patients with infertility and patients can get satisfactory pregnancy outcomes.


Assuntos
Hipogonadismo , Nascimento Prematuro , Feminino , Fertilização In Vitro/métodos , Humanos , Hipogonadismo/complicações , Recém-Nascido , Indução da Ovulação/métodos , Gravidez , Estudos Retrospectivos
9.
Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol ; 274: 155-159, 2022 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35653904

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The underlying cause of metabolic abnormalities and ovarian dysfunction in PCOS is thought to be chronic low-grade inflammation. This study aimed to show whether alpha-1-acid glycoprotein (AGP), an inflammatory marker, predicts the risk of infertility in fertile and infertile women with PCOS. Our study had a cros-sectional case-control design. STUDY DESIGN: A total of 20 fertile and 50 infertile patients with PCOS who wanted a child were in the early follicular phase were included in our study. Among the study groups (fertil (n = 20) and infertile (n = 50), AGP, CRP, NLR, BMI, FAI, VAI, triglyceride, HDL-cholesterol, fasting blood sugar, HOMA-IR, SHBG, testosterone values and waist circumference were measured. RESULTS: Among the inflammatory markers compared in the fertile and infertile groups included in the study, only the difference between the AGP variable was statistically significant (p = 0.011). The mean AGP was found to be higher at a statistically significant level in the infertile group (p < 0.05). Age, BMI, waist circumference and AGP were weakly positive and CRP was moderately positive in the infertile group (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: AGP can be a good indicator of inflammation in PCOS, especially in infertility.Revealing the risk of infertility in PCOS with AGP measurement may contribute to the correct management of the reproductive process.


Assuntos
Infertilidade Feminina , Resistência à Insulina , Síndrome do Ovário Policístico , Índice de Massa Corporal , Feminino , Humanos , Infertilidade Feminina/etiologia , Inflamação , Orosomucoide
10.
Reprod Biol ; 22(3): 100652, 2022 Jun 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35679713

RESUMO

High-fat diet (HFD) induced obesity (DIO) has been shown impacts on metabolism, hormonal profile, male fertility, and spermatogenesis. We employed genome-wide transcriptional analysis on the testis of diet induced obesity (DIO) and normal chow (NC) C57BL/6 J male mice to search genes regulated by obesity in testis. Both blood glucose and lipids contents significantly increased in DIO mice after 8 weeks fat-rich feeding. RNA-seq analysis revealed 371 down-regulated and 460 up-regulated transcripts in DIO group comparing to NC group. Chromosome 3, 4, 9, 16, and 18 were significantly more active, while chromosome 5, 10, and 19 were significantly more inactive after 8-week fat-diet feeding. Wilcoxon enrichment analysis discovered that the thermogenesis pathway (KEGG) was significantly enriched in the testis of DIO group (with 8 enriched up-regulated genes: Smarca2, Adcy3, Atp5pb, Creb1, Gnas, Rps6kb2, Upcrc1 and Dpf1). Real-time PCR further confirmed that Smarca2 and Atp5pb were upregulated in the testis of DIO mice. These finding implied that diet-induced thermogenesis pathways could be altered in the testis of DIO mice.

11.
Cureus ; 14(5): e25093, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35733503

RESUMO

Demographic data regarding male infertility suggest an increase in prevalence. This is an entity with multifactorial etiology, hormonal causes are often encountered. Although treatment with clomiphene was advocated to stimulate gametogenesis, it is still used off-label. We aimed to evaluate data from literature related to the effect of clomiphene as a single therapy, on the improvement of sperm count in infertile patients. Out of the 4,017 results of the search, only eight articles have been selected. The selected studies have been published between 1983 and 2020, and have included a total of 616 patients. From data reported, the treatment with clomiphene lead to a significant improvement of sperm concentration compared with placebo or with the level before starting the therapy (p<0.00001). Out of the 616 patients, in 369 (59.90%) cases improved sperm concentration was reported. In our meta-analysis, the selected studies had a high heterogeneity (I2  = 97%). Nevertheless, clomiphene is not an ideal treatment, paroxysmal effects have been reported. Our findings encourage the use of clomiphene on male infertility, although the potential side effects should be clearly explained to patients.

12.
Ann Med Surg (Lond) ; 78: 103937, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35734643

RESUMO

Introduction: Among identified causes of male infertility, varicocele holds an important place and is significantly associated with sperm quality deterioration. Surgical management of this condition leads to an improvement in the sperm count and an increase in the spontaneous pregnancy rate. Objective: The goal of this study was to compare different surgical techniques in terms of morbidity and fertility results. Patients and methods: It is a retrospective study of interesting patients followed for infertility related to varicocele between January 2007 and December 2015. Three surgical techniques were compared: open inguinal surgery, antegrade sclerotherapy, and laparoscopy. Morbidity and pregnancy rate were assessed according to different techniques. Results: Post-operative complication rates were comparable (p = 0,94) between the 3 surgical techniques. An amelioration of sperm parameters has been noted in all operated patients, without statistical difference between the three techniques (p = 0,29 for the sperm concentration and p = 0,49 for the progressive mobility). Spontaneous pregnancy was better (p = 0,03) for patients who have had a varicocelectomy in a sub-inguinal way. Conclusion: All of the three surgical techniques used in this study showed an improvement of sperm parameters in an equal way with similar morbidity. However, the spontaneous pregnancy rate with open surgery was better.

13.
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 26(2): 107-112, maio-ago. 2022.
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1372953

RESUMO

O objetivo deste estudo é apresentar uma revisão atualizada sobre o papel dos polimorfismos genéticos na etiologia da endometriose. Trata-se de uma pesquisa bibliográfica feita no PubMed utilizando os descritores "polymorphism and endometriosis". Foram identificados 36 artigos e após aplicação dos critérios de inclusão foram selecionados 17 artigos para a amostra final. Os principais resultados foram: 1) cerca de 60% dos artigos foram publicados em 2019; 2) em 35,3% dos estudos o número de casos e controles investigados foi menor que 100; 3) a maioria dos trabalhos investigou de um a dois polimorfismos por gene; 4) a produção científica sobre endometriose é maior em países orientais; 5) houve heterogeneidade quanto aos periódicos onde os trabalhos foram publicados; 6) as principais técnicas para detecção de polimorfismos foi a PCR-RFLP e o PCR em tempo real, com frequências semelhantes. Em suma, os polimorfismos genéticos podem estar implicados na etiologia da endometriose.


The aim of this study is to present an updated review on the role of genetic polymorphisms in the etiology of endometriosis. This is a literature review made on PubMed using the descriptors "polymorphism and endometriosis". A total 36 articles were identified and, after applying the inclusion criteria, 17 articles were selected for the final sample. The main results were: 1) approximately 60% of the articles were published in 2019; 2) 35.3% of the studies investigated less than 100 cases and controls; 3) most studies investigated one to two polymorphisms per gene; 4) scientific production on endometriosis is higher in Eastern countries; 5) heterogeneity was observed regarding the journals where works were published; 6) the main techniques for detecting polymorphisms were PCR-RFLP and real-time PCR, with similar frequencies. In summary, it can be concluded that genetic polymorphisms may be implicated in the etiology of endometriosis.


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Polimorfismo Genético , Endometriose/diagnóstico , Biomarcadores , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Infertilidade Feminina/diagnóstico
14.
Ceska Gynekol ; 87(2): 137-143, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35667866

RESUMO

Cross-border reproductive care is undoubtedly a current phenomenon. The number of people interested in receiving reproductive care abroad is increasing every year. This new context needs a political solution that would respond to the definition of standard care within the circumstances of providing healthcare to the citizens of another country. Patients that undergo reproductive treatment abroad very often face complications such as language problems, insufficient information, separation from family members, cultural differences and customs, potential unrealistic expectations, and also restrictions by law. This work is descriptive in nature and aims to illustrate the variables that come into play when choosing the Czech Republic over other destinations as a country to receive infertility treatment. We analyze the phenomenon by selecting documents used as sources of data. In our research, we focused on infertility treatment and justified the reasons why foreign citizens choose the Czech Republic over other destinations for infertility treatment. The variables that lead to the selection of cross-border infertility treatment in the Czech Republic include no waiting time, anonymous donations, international departments in various languages, and affordable prices compared to other destinations.


Assuntos
Infertilidade , Turismo Médico , República Tcheca , Humanos , Infertilidade/terapia , Motivação , Reprodução , Técnicas de Reprodução Assistida
16.
J Neurosci Rural Pract ; 13(2): 246-253, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35694056

RESUMO

Background Depression is a common psychological disorder in women with infertility, which causes significant morbidity and mortality. Little attention is currently given to depression by health care providers who manage infertility, and there is a scarcity of studies on depression among women with infertility in northern Nigeria. Objective This study aimed at assessing the association between family functionality, sociodemographic factors, and depression severity in women with infertility attending a gynecology clinic in northwest Nigeria. Methods This was a cross-sectional study involving 415 females systematically selected from women with infertility attending a gynecology clinic in a Nigerian hospital. They were interviewed using Beck's Depression Inventory and Family APGAR (Adaptability, Partnership, Growth, Affection, Resolve) questionnaires over 12 weeks. Data regarding participants' sociodemographic and infertility characteristics were also collected. The association between categorical variables was assessed using the chi-square or Fisher's exact test. The determinants of depression severity were assessed using logistic regression analysis. A p -value of < 0.05 was considered significant. Results The mean age of respondents was 30.9 ± 6.6 years; the prevalence of depression was 44.6% (32.5% were of mild severity). Most families (73.5%) were highly functional. Association between family functionality and depression severity was not statistically significant (chi-square =5.143, p = 0.259). Respondents' religion (chi-square = 10.813, p = 0.029), education (chi-square = 36.835, p = 0.001), and monthly income (chi-square = 9.261, p = 0.010) were associated with depression severity. Being a Muslim (odds ratio [OR] = 2.9, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.8-5.6, p = 0.001) and having formal education (OR = 10.2, 95% CI = 4.7-16.5, p = 0.001) were determinants of depression severity. Conclusion The prevalence of depression was high among the respondents. Although no association was found between family functionality and depression severity, respondents who are Muslims or had formal education were at increased risk of depression. Therefore, a high index of suspicion for depression and holistic care is required to manage women with infertility.

17.
Birth ; 2022 Jun 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35695041

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is widespread concern around the rising rates of cesarean births (CBs), especially among first-time mothers, despite evidence suggesting increased morbidities after birth by cesarean. There are uncertainties around factors associated with rising rates of CBs among first-time mothers in Ireland, and insight into these is essential for understanding the rising trend in CBs. Therefore, this study aimed to identify the factors associated with CBs in nulliparous women. METHODS: A prospective cohort study was conducted in three maternity hospitals in the Republic of Ireland between 2012 and 2017. Data were collected from 3047 nulliparous women using self-administered surveys antenatally and at 3 months postpartum and from consenting women's hospital records (n = 2755) and analyzed using the Poisson regression to assess associations between demographic and clinical factors and the main outcome measures, planned and unplanned CBs. RESULTS: Common risk factors for planned and unplanned CBs were being aged ≥40 years, being in private care, multiple pregnancy, and fetus in breech or other malpresentations. An unplanned CB occurred for 22.43% (n = 377/1681) of women who did not have induction of labor (IOL) or who had IOL with no epidural, but the risk was about twice as high for women who had IOL and epidural. CONCLUSIONS: Findings confirm multifactorial reasons for CB and the challenge of reversing the increasing CB rate if maternal age, overweight/obesity, infertility treatment, multiple pregnancy, and preexisting hypertension in Ireland continue to increase. There is a need to address prelabor interventions, especially IOL combined with epidural analgesia with respect to unplanned CB.

18.
Endocr Rev ; 2022 Jun 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35695701

RESUMO

Turner syndrome is a condition in females missing the second sex chromosome (45,X) or parts thereof. It is considered a rare genetic condition and is associated with a wide range of clinical stigmata, such as short stature, ovarian dysgenesis, delayed puberty and infertility, congenital malformations, endocrine disorders, including a range of autoimmune conditions and type 2 diabetes and neurocognitive deficits. Morbidity and mortality is clearly increased compared with the general population and the average age at diagnosis is quite delayed. During recent years it has become clear that a multidisciplinary approach is necessary towards the patient with Turner syndrome. A number of clinical advances has been implemented, and these are reviewed. Our understanding of the genomic architecture of Turner syndrome is advancing rapidly, and these latest developments are reviewed and discussed. Several candidate genes, genomic pathways and mechanisms, including an altered transcriptome and epigenome are also presented.

19.
J Obstet Gynaecol ; : 1-11, 2022 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35672872

RESUMO

Dropout of infertility treatments is a common phenomenon and many patients avoid continuing infertility treatments. Determining the total rate of treatment dropout, and related factors was the objective of the present systematic review and meta-analysis study. We performed an electronic literature search in Web of Science, Scopus, Embase, Cinhal, ProQuest and Medline databases and a manual search in Google scholar by using a set of Standard keywords. We included descriptive studies in English or Persian, from August 2000 to 2019. Finally, we extracted data of 25 papers for systematic review and 11 papers for meta-analysis. Data analysed by RevMan software. The results of the meta-analysis analysed by the random-effects model and studies heterogeneity analysed using the I2 calculation index. We tried to control high heterogeneity (because of the small amounts of p value and chi-square and large amount of I2) with statistical methods such as subgroup analysis and using random-effects model. The results showed that factors related to treatment, psychological and demographic/personal factors are the most common factors for dropout. It seems that educational and supportive programs on psychological, financial, therapeutic, demographic and personal factors can play an important role in reducing the incidence of infertility treatment's drop out before completing the course of treatment.

20.
Gynecol Endocrinol ; : 1-4, 2022 Jun 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35758889

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to detect Elabela concentrations in the serum of Missed abortion (MA) and compare them with the healthy pregnancies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective case-control study was performed in the second affiliated hospital, Xi'an Jiaotong University March 2019 to September 2019. A total of 108 healthy (35 early, 36 middle and 37 late) pregnant women and 25 (early gestational stage) MA patients were involved. Demographic and clinical characteristics were recorded. The concentration of plasma Elabela was examined using ELISA. RESULTS: The level of plasma Elabela was increased in early and middle stages and decreased in late stage of healthy pregnant women. Maternal serum Elabela levels were significantly lower in MA patients (4.59 ± 1.23 ng/mL) compared to healthy pregnant women (5.77 ± 1.21 ng/mL, p < 0.01). CONCLUSION: Maternal circulating levels of Elabela were significantly lower in MA patients than in healthy pregnant women. We consider that Elabela might be a crucial biomarker of the pathophysiologic process in MA.

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