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1.
Clin Pharmacol Drug Dev ; 11(2): 165-172, 2022 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34453416

RESUMO

Tadalafil is an effective, reversible, and competitive phosphodiesterase 5 inhibitor mainly used to treat erectile dysfunction. This study investigated the bioequivalence of generic and marketed formulations of 10-mg tadalafil tablets under fasted and fed conditions. This open-label, randomized, single-dose, 2-period crossover study included 53 healthy Chinese men (aged 20-43 years). Plasma samples were collected from 0.5 hours before treatment to 72 hours after each dose and analyzed using ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometry. Pharmacokinetic parameters were calculated using noncompartmental analysis. Safety assessments were performed throughout the study. For the fasted state, the 90% confidence intervals of the geometric mean ratios between the generic and marketed formulations were 86.1% to 99.1% for the maximum plasma concentration and 88.4% to 100.3% for the area under the plasma concentration-time curve from time 0 to infinity, and the corresponding values under the fed state were and 99.9% to 108.4% and 95.7% to 104.3%, respectively. All data were within the accepted bioequivalence range of 80% to 125%. After consuming high-fat, high-calorie meals in the fed condition, the time to the maximum plasma concentration was similar between the formulations, and area under the plasma concentration-time curve from time 0 to infinity and maximum plasma concentration were 10.2% and 6.55% higher, respectively, for the marketed formulation. Thus, food had no clinically relevant effect on tadalafil exposure following a single oral dose in healthy Chinese men. No serious adverse reactions were reported. These results indicated that the analyzed generic and marketed tadalafil tablets were bioequivalent with similar safety profiles.


Assuntos
Jejum , Adulto , China , Estudos Cross-Over , Humanos , Masculino , Comprimidos , Tadalafila/efeitos adversos , Equivalência Terapêutica , Adulto Jovem
2.
SAGE Open Med ; 10: 20503121221094178, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35492884

RESUMO

Introduction/Objectives: Male involvement in family planning refers to all organizational actions focused on men as a distinct group to increase the acceptability and uptake of family planning among either sex. Despite the growing evidence of male involvement in increasing family planning uptake among couples, a little success has been achieved in Ethiopia, especially in rural areas. Hence, this study aimed to assess male involvement in family planning and its associated factors among currently married men in selected rural areas of Eastern Ethiopia. Methods: A community-based cross-sectional survey was conducted among 577 randomly selected currently married men, using a simple random sampling method in randomly selected rural districts of Eastern Ethiopia. Data were collected using a pretested interviewer-administered questionnaire. The collected data were entered into a computer using Epi-Data Version 3.1. The analysis was performed using the Statistical Package for the social sciences software version 21. Logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the association between the dependent and independent variables. Finally, adjusted odds ratio with 95% confidence intervals at P-value < 0.05 was considered to be significantly associated with the outcome variable. Results: Out of 577, a total of, 555 married men were included in the study, resulting in a response rate of 96.2%. The magnitude of male involvement in family planning use was 59.3% (95% confidence interval: 47.1, 68. 2). Ever use of family planning by a spouse (adjusted odds ratio: 2.37; 95% confidence interval: 1.59, 3.52), ever discussion of spouse on sexual and reproductive health/family planning issues (adjusted odds ratio: 2.05; 95% confidence interval: 1.40, 3.02), and the husband's approval of family planning (adjusted odds ratio: 2.45; 95% confidence interval: 1.34, 4.96) were significantly associated with higher odds of male involvement in family planning use than their counterparts. Conclusion: The number of men involved in the family planning was low. Ever use of family planning methods by a spouse, ever discussion of spouse on sexual and reproductive health/family planning issues, and husband approval on family planning use were found to be important predictors of male involvement in family planning use. To improve modern family planning uptake among men and women, it is imperative to include men in family planning programs, such as family planning messaging, sensitizations, and services.

3.
Front Cell Dev Biol ; 10: 881255, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35493103

RESUMO

The cladoceran crustacean Daphnia produces only females by parthenogenesis in a healthy population. However, in response to environmental declines such as crowding and lack of foods, it produces eggs destined to become males that are genetically identical to females. During the development of the sexually committed eggs, DM domain-containing transcription factor Doublesex1 (Dsx1) orchestrates male trait formation globally both in somatic and gonadal tissues. Recent studies have revealed that Dsx1 expression is tightly controlled at transcriptional, post-transcriptional, and epigenetic levels to avoid sexual ambiguity. In this review, together with basic information on Dsx1 structure and expression, we introduce the multi-layered Dsx1 regulation and discuss how each regulation is interconnected for controlling male development in environmental sex-determining Daphnia.

4.
Br J Sociol ; 73(3): 587-606, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35644007

RESUMO

In Jordan, premarital romantic relationships are still socially unacceptable as they contradict traditional values and norms. Although previous studies have examined cyber dating abuse (CDA), few have utilized an exploratory qualitative design to clarify male abusers' perceptions of their motivations, particularly in Arabic and clan environments. Therefore, this study conducted a thematic qualitative analysis of 47 male university students aged 19-26 and asked about their experiences and beliefs regarding their engagement in CDA against female romantic partners via social media (WhatsApp, Facebook) and mobile phone. Two themes were identified: (1) contexts and motivations for male perpetration of CDA (2) consequences of CDA for the male perpetrators. The results revealed that control and direct aggression and sexual behaviors are common practices among male perpetrators; gender identity and male entitlement are related factors, enabling and normalizing male abusive behavior. Women, taught to be submissive by Jordanian society, are unable to defend themselves. Hence, CDA also predicts offline intimate partner violence-related behaviors. Moreover, the main motives for CDA from the perspective of male perpetrators are anger, jealousy, revenge, abandonment, feeling betrayed by female partners, earning money, sexual exploitation, and incitement by another woman. The results suggest that engaging in CDA behaviors can negatively impact perpetrators' physical and psychological health as well as their social and academic behaviors. These results confirm that efforts to reduce CDA that may lead to domestic violence against women must address the social pressures and context of violence, including masculinity and patriarchal domination.

5.
Hippocampus ; 32(7): 529-551, 2022 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35716117

RESUMO

Sexual activity causes differential changes in the expression of markers of neural activation (c-Fos and ΔFosB) and neural plasticity (Arc and BDNF/trkB), as determined either by Western Blot (BDNF, trkB, Arc, and ΔFosB) or immunohistochemistry (BDNF, trkB, Arc, and c-Fos), in the hippocampus of male Roman high (RHA) and low avoidance (RLA) rats, two psychogenetically selected rat lines that display marked differences in sexual behavior (RHA rats exhibit higher sexual motivation and better copulatory performance than RLA rats). Both methods showed (with some differences) that sexual activity modifies the expression levels of these markers in the hippocampus of Roman rats depending on: (i) the level of sexual experience, that is, changes were usually more evident in sexually naïve than in experienced rats; (ii) the hippocampal partition, that is, BDNF and Arc increased in the dorsal but tended to decrease in the ventral hippocampus; (iii) the marker considered, that is, in sexually experienced animals BDNF, c-Fos, and Arc levels were similar to those of controls, while ΔFosB levels increased; and (iv) the rat line, that is, changes were usually larger in RHA than RLA rats. These findings resemble those of early studies in RHA and RLA rats showing that sexual activity influences the expression of these markers in the nucleus accumbens, medial prefrontal cortex, and ventral tegmental area, and show for the first time that also in the hippocampus sexual activity induces neural activation and plasticity, events that occur mainly during the first phase of the acquisition of sexual experience and depend on the genotypic/phenotypic characteristics of the animals.


Assuntos
Fator Neurotrófico Derivado do Encéfalo , Hipocampo , Animais , Aprendizagem da Esquiva/fisiologia , Fator Neurotrófico Derivado do Encéfalo/metabolismo , Proteínas do Citoesqueleto/metabolismo , Hipocampo/metabolismo , Masculino , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/metabolismo , Plasticidade Neuronal , Núcleo Accumbens , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-fos/metabolismo , Ratos , Receptor trkB/metabolismo
6.
Domest Anim Endocrinol ; 81: 106746, 2022 Jun 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35750019

RESUMO

Male goats rendered sexually active by exposure to a photoperiodic treatment are more efficient than untreated goats in stimulating LH secretion and ovulation in seasonally anestrous goats. This phenomenon is called the "male effect." Here, we determined whether sexually active bucks are able to stimulate the endocrine and sexual activities of other bucks in seasonal sexual rest through the phenomenon that we called the "buck-to-buck effect." We used bucks rendered sexually active (SA) during sexual rest by exposure to 2.5 mo of artificial long days (16 h of light per d) and untreated, sexually inactive (SI) bucks. In Experiment 1, we determined the short-term (21 d) LH and testosterone responses of sexually inactive bucks joined with a SA or SI buck. In Experiment 2, we determined the long-term (60 d) testosterone and sexual behavior responses of sexually inactive bucks joined with 2 SA or SI bucks. In Experiment 3, we determined the efficacy of bucks initially exposed to the buck-to-buck effect, the SABB bucks, to thereafter induce a "classical" male effect in seasonally anestrous goats. In Experiments 1 and 2, there was an interaction between time and groups in LH and testosterone plasma concentrations (P < 0.01). In Experiment 1, plasma LH concentrations were greater in bucks joined with a SA buck than in those joined with an SI buck (P < 0.05). In Experiments 1 and 2, testosterone concentrations were greater in bucks joined with SA bucks than in those joined with SI bucks (P < 0.05). In addition, in Experiment 2, the sexually inactive bucks joined with SA bucks displayed more nudging than those joined with SI bucks (P < 0.001). In Experiment 3, kidding rates did not differ between females joined with SA (34 of 40: 85%) or SABB bucks (32 of 40: 80%; P > 0.05). We concluded that the endocrine and sexual activities of bucks during sexual rest can be stimulated by SA bucks. In addition, SABB bucks are able to stimulate the reproductive activity of seasonally anestrous goats.

7.
Fertil Steril ; 2022 Jun 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35750517

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study geographic variations in sperm parameters using data from the trials that defined the reference ranges of the World Health Organization 2021 manual. DESIGN: Retrospective evaluation of the data used to define the World Health Organization reference ranges. SETTING: Not applicable. PATIENT(S): Data from 11 studies, including 3,484 participants across 5 continents. INTERVENTION(S): The data were divided according to geographic locations. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Differences in sperm parameters. RESULT(S): The semen volume was significantly lower in samples from Asia and Africa than in other regions. The sperm concentration was the lowest in Africa and highest in Australia. The total motile sperm count (TMSC) and total motile progressive sperm count (TMPS) were significantly lower in Africa than in other regions. The TMSC and TMPS in Asia and the United States were significantly lower than in Europe and Australia. The 5th percentile of the sperm concentration was lowest in the United States (12.5 × 106/mL). The 5th percentile for the normal sperm morphology was lowest in the United States (3%) and highest in Asia (5%). The 5th percentile for the TMSC and TMPS were lowest in Africa (TMSC, 15.08 million; TMPS, 12.06 million) and the United States (TMSC, 18.05 million; TMPS, 16.86 million) and highest in Australia (TMSC, 29.61 million; TMPS, 25.80 million). CONCLUSION(S): Significant geographic differences in sperm parameters exist, and regional fertility societies should consider adding their own reference ranges on the basis of local experience and treatment outcomes.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35750518

RESUMO

Feminization Laryngoplasty evolved from the aim to change a voice from a male quality to a female quality. Larynx and pharynx in a male have undergone enlargement during puberty and as there is no endocrine method for shrinking structures, a surgery that reduces the size of male structures toward the size of female structures might appropriately alter the voice. A smaller larynx and pharynx might raise both the fundamental frequency of the voice and the resonant frequency of the vocal tract. The surgery is used for transgender individuals who desire a female voice, for individuals who fail speech therapy and for complications of tracheal shave procedures whereby the vocal cords have been loosened.

9.
J Trace Elem Med Biol ; 73: 126997, 2022 May 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35660561

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Aluminum (Al) and indium (In) have been largely used in medicine, pharmacy, dentistry, manufacturing, engineering, clothing as well as food processing and packaging. Our previous study showed that In was accumulated as electron-dense materials in lysosomes of Sertoli and Leydig testicular cells and the liver ones, when administered to male rats as soluble form. For this reason, we have undertaken to confirm whether Al have the same behavior as In and to enlarge this behavior to other organs of the male reproductive system: epididymis and seminal vesicle. METHODS: Experiments were performed on 24 adult male Wistar rat weighing approximately 250 g. Animals were divided to 3 groups, received Al, In or saline solution as 7 chronic intraperitoneal injections over a period of two weeks and were sacrificed 24 h after the last injection. For ultrastructure study we used The Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM). RESULTS: The TEM showed the presence of electron-dense granules in lysosomes of testicular cells (Sertoli and Leydig cells), and in the principal epididymal and seminal vesicle cells of Al and In treated rats. Impairments were observed in the endoplasmic reticulum and mitochondria and many vacuoles were identified in the cells cytoplasm. Our results concluded that lysosomes of Leydig and Sertoli cells, principal epididymis, and seminal vesicle cells as well as liver cells, played a central role in the extraction and concentration of Al and In under insoluble form after their introduction into the body as a soluble route. This mechanism intended to protect the organism against exogenous toxic and non-recognized mineral elements after their intrusion into the body. CONCLUSION: It looks important to proceed with the study of Al and In impact on the endocrine and exocrine functions of the male rat reproductive system.

10.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 14(11): 4897-4913, 2022 Jun 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35696641

RESUMO

Aging is a major risk factor for ischemic hypoxia-related diseases, including peripheral artery diseases (PADs). Signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) is a critical transcription activator in angiogenesis. Nevertheless, the effect of aging on endothelial cells and their responses to hypoxia are not well studied. Using a hindlimb hypoxic/ischemic model of aged mice, we found that aged mice (80-100-week-old) expressed significantly lower levels of angiogenesis than young mice (10-week-old). In our in vitro study, aged endothelial cells (≥30 passage) showed a significant accumulation of ß-galactosidase and a high expression of aging-associated genes, including p16, p21, and hTERT compared with young cells (<10 passage). After 24 hours of hypoxia exposure, proliferation, migration and tube formation were significantly impaired in aged cells compared with young cells. Notably, STAT3 and angiogenesis-associated proteins such as PI3K/AKT were significantly downregulated in aged mouse limb tissues and aged cells. Further, using STAT3 siRNA, we found that suppressing STAT3 expression in endothelial cells impaired proliferation, migration and tube formation under hypoxia. Correspondingly, in patients with limb ischemia we also observed a higher expression of circulating STAT3, associated with a lower rate of major adverse limb events (MALEs). Collectively, STAT3 could be a biomarker reflecting the development of MALE in patients and also a regulator of age-dependent angiogenesis post limb ischemia. Additional studies are required to elucidate the clinical applications of STAT3.


Assuntos
Células Endoteliais , Fator de Transcrição STAT3 , Envelhecimento/metabolismo , Animais , Células Endoteliais/metabolismo , Humanos , Hipóxia/metabolismo , Isquemia/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Neovascularização Patológica/metabolismo , Neovascularização Fisiológica , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais
11.
Int J Cancer ; 2022 Jun 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35678331

RESUMO

A male predominance was observed in esophageal and gastric cancers, though present limited data has revealed variations by age. We aim to investigate the global age-specific sex differences in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC), esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC), gastric cardia cancer (GCC) and gastric noncardia cancer (GNCC). Data on esophageal and gastric cancers incidence by diagnosis year, sex, histology, subsite and age group were extracted from 171 registries in 54 countries included in the last two volumes (X and XI, 2003-2012) of Cancer Incidence in Five Continents, which contributing to over 80% of the global burdens of these cancers. Age-standardized incidence rates (ASIRs) and male-to-female ASIRs ratios were estimated for esophageal and gastric cancers, by histological subtype and subsite, globally and by country. We consistently observed a male predominance in esophageal and gastric cancers across the world from 2003 to 2012, with male-to-female ASIRs ratios of 6.7:1 for EAC, 3.3:1 for ESCC, 4.0:1 for GCC and 2.1:1 for GNCC. The sex differences were consistent across time periods but varied significantly by age across the life span. Across the four cancer types, the male-to-female incidence rate ratios increased from young ages, approaching a peak at ages 60-64, but sharply declined thereafter. Similar "low-high-low" trends of age-specific sex ratio were observed in other digestive cancers including liver, pancreas, colon and rectum with peak ages ranging from 50 to 65. Age-dependent risk factors warrant further investigation to aid our understanding of the underlying etiologies of esophageal and gastric cancers by histological subtype and subsite.

12.
AIDS Patient Care STDS ; 36(6): 208-218, 2022 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35687814

RESUMO

Men who have sex with men (MSM) initiating human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) may increase condomless anal sex (CAS) and number of partners, and, consequently, more often acquire sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Using data from the Amsterdam Cohort Studies, we compared sexual behavior and STI among MSM after PrEP-initiation with controls not initiating PrEP. The MSM reported on sexual behavior and were tested for HIV, chlamydia, gonorrhea, and syphilis semi-annually. We matched MSM who initiated PrEP between January 1, 2015 and December 31, 2019 1:1 to MSM who did not use time-dependent propensity scores based on age, sexual behavior, and STI. Primary end-points were number of casual partners, and proportion with CAS and receptive CAS (rCAS) with casual partners, sexualized drug use (SDU), any STI, and anal STI. We modeled end-points during the 4 years before and 2 years after PrEP-initiation or matched PrEP-initiation timepoint by using logistic regression (dichotomous end-points) or negative binomial regression (count end-point), adjusted for calendar year. Two hundred twenty-eight out of the 858 (26.6%) MSM initiated PrEP. We matched 198 out of 228 (86.8%) to a control. Before PrEP-initiation, end-points increased over time in both groups, with no statistically significant difference. The odds of CAS, rCAS, and anal STI were on average higher after than before PrEP-initiation in PrEP initiators, whereas after versus before differences were not observed in controls. After PrEP-initiation, PrEP initiators had statistically significantly more casual partners, and higher odds of CAS, rCAS, SDU, any STI, and anal STI than controls. These findings support frequent STI screening and counseling in MSM using PrEP.


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV , Profilaxia Pré-Exposição , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero , Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis , HIV , Infecções por HIV/epidemiologia , Infecções por HIV/prevenção & controle , Homossexualidade Masculina , Humanos , Masculino , Países Baixos/epidemiologia , Comportamento Sexual , Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis/epidemiologia , Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis/prevenção & controle
13.
Reprod Biol ; 22(3): 100652, 2022 Jun 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35679713

RESUMO

High-fat diet (HFD) induced obesity (DIO) has been shown impacts on metabolism, hormonal profile, male fertility, and spermatogenesis. We employed genome-wide transcriptional analysis on the testis of diet induced obesity (DIO) and normal chow (NC) C57BL/6 J male mice to search genes regulated by obesity in testis. Both blood glucose and lipids contents significantly increased in DIO mice after 8 weeks fat-rich feeding. RNA-seq analysis revealed 371 down-regulated and 460 up-regulated transcripts in DIO group comparing to NC group. Chromosome 3, 4, 9, 16, and 18 were significantly more active, while chromosome 5, 10, and 19 were significantly more inactive after 8-week fat-diet feeding. Wilcoxon enrichment analysis discovered that the thermogenesis pathway (KEGG) was significantly enriched in the testis of DIO group (with 8 enriched up-regulated genes: Smarca2, Adcy3, Atp5pb, Creb1, Gnas, Rps6kb2, Upcrc1 and Dpf1). Real-time PCR further confirmed that Smarca2 and Atp5pb were upregulated in the testis of DIO mice. These finding implied that diet-induced thermogenesis pathways could be altered in the testis of DIO mice.

14.
Brain Behav Immun ; 104: 191-204, 2022 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35688340

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIM: Relative to men, women present with pain conditions more commonly. Although consistent differences exist between men and women in terms of physiological pain sensitivity, the underlying mechanisms are incompletely understood and yet could inform the development of effective sex specific treatments for pain. The gut microbiota can modulate nervous system functioning, including pain signaling pathways. We hypothesized that the gut microbiota and critical components of the gut-brain axis might influence electrical pain thresholds. Further, we hypothesized that sex, menstrual cycle, and hormonal contraceptive use might account for inter-sex differences in pain perception. METHODS: Healthy, non-obese males (N = 15) and females (N = 16), (nine of whom were using hormonal contraceptives), were recruited. Male subjects were invited to undergo testing once, whereas females were invited three times across the menstrual cycle, based on self-reported early follicular (EF), late follicular (LF), or mid-luteal (ML) phase. On test days, electrical stimulation on the right ankle was performed; salivary cortisol levels were measured in the morning; levels of lipopolysaccharide-binding protein (LBP), soluble CD14 (sCD14), pro-inflammatory cytokines were assessed in plasma, and microbiota composition and short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) levels were determined in fecal samples. RESULTS: We observed that the pain tolerance threshold/pain sensation threshold (PTT/PST) ratio was significantly lesser in women than men, but not PST or PTT alone. Further, hormonal contraceptive use was associated with increased LBP levels (LF & ML phase), whilst sCD14 levels or inflammatory cytokines were not affected. Interestingly, in women, hormonal contraceptive use was associated with an increase in the relative abundance of Erysipelatoclostridium, and the relative abundances of certain bacterial genera correlated positively with pain sensation thresholds (Prevotella and Megasphera) during the LF phase and cortisol awakening response (Anaerofustis) during the ML phase. In comparison with men, women displayed overall stronger associations between i) SCFAs data, ii) cortisol data, iii) inflammatory cytokines and PTT and PST. DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: Our findings support the hypothesis that the gut microbiota may be one of the factors determining the physiological inter-sex differences in pain perception. Further research is needed to investigate the molecular mechanisms by which specific sex hormones and gut microbes modulate pain signaling pathways, but this study highlights the possibilities for innovative individual targeted therapies for pain management.

15.
Antioxidants (Basel) ; 11(6)2022 May 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35739942

RESUMO

Infertility problems occur in around 10% of all couples worldwide, with male-factor infertility as the sole contributor in 20-30% of these cases. Oxidative stress (OS) is suggested to be associated with the pathophysiology of male infertility. In spermatozoa, OS can lead to damage to the cell membrane, resulting in disruption of DNA integrity and a decrease in motility. Established biomarkers for OS include free thiols and malondialdehyde (MDA), both representing different components of the reactive species interactome (RSI). This exploratory study aimed to investigate seminal plasma-free thiol and MDA levels in relation to semen parameters as defined by the World Health Organization (WHO) to determine if these markers are adequate to define local OS status. Furthermore, this study investigated if there is a relation between systemic and local OS status by comparing seminal concentrations of free thiol (R-SH, sulfhydryl groups, representing the extracellular redox status) and MDA (lipid peroxidation product) levels to those measured in serum. Free thiol and MDA measurements in both serum and semen plasma were performed in 50 males (18-55 y) of couples seeking fertility treatment. A significant positive correlation was found between seminal plasma-free thiol levels and sperm concentration and progressive motility (r = 0.383, p = 0.008 and r = 0.333, p = 0.022, respectively). In addition, a significant positive correlation was found between MDA levels in seminal plasma and sperm concentration (r = 0.314, p = 0.031). This study supports that seminal plasma-free thiols may be promising as local OS biomarkers. No associations were observed between local and systemic OS biomarker concentrations.

16.
Antioxidants (Basel) ; 11(6)2022 May 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35739948

RESUMO

High-risk human papillomavirus (HR-HPV) infection, followed by chronic inflammation and oxidative stress, is a major risk factor of male infertility. In this study, we explored the potential impact of high-risk (HR) HPV genotypes in single infection (SI) and multiple infections (MI) that promote CYP2E1 expression, oxidative damage and pro-inflammatory cytokines, possibly contributing to sperm damage and male infertility. Semen samples from 101 infertile military men were studied. We analyzed seminal parameters, namely, HPV genotyping, cytochrome P450 2E1 (CYP2E1), oxidative stress biomarkers (total antioxidant capacity (TAC), catalase (CAT) and superoxide dismutase (SOD)), lipid peroxidation (LPO), 8-hydroxiguanosine (8-OHdG) and pro-inflammatory cytokines (IFN-γ, IL-1ß, IL-4, IL-6 and IL-8). Eighty-one men (80.2%, 81/101) were positive for HPV infection, and MI-HR-HPV was higher than SI-HR-HPV (63% vs. 37%). HPV-52 was the most frequently detected type (18.5%), followed by HPV-33 (11.1%), and the most frequent combination of genotypes detected was HPV-33,52 (11.1%), followed by HPV-18,31 (6.2%). The group with infected samples presented lower normal morphology and antioxidant levels compared to non-infected samples. In concordance, the infected group showed high levels of LPO, IFN-γ, IL-1ß, IL-4 and IL-6 and downregulation of CAT and SOD enzymes. Interestingly, changes in motility B, low levels of TAC, overexpression of CYP2E1, LPO and IL-8 levels were higher in MI-HR-HPV than SI-HR-HPV, suggesting that HPV infection promotes a chronic inflammatory process and a toxic and oxidative microenvironment, which increases with MI-HPV infections.

17.
Biomedicines ; 10(6)2022 May 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35740312

RESUMO

First-degree male relatives of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) sufferers can develop metabolic abnormalities evidenced by elevated circulating cholesterol and triglycerides, suggestive of a male PCOS equivalent. Similarly, male sheep overexposed to excess androgens in fetal life develop dyslipidaemia in adolescence. Dyslipidaemia, altered lipid metabolism, and dysfunctional hepatic mitochondria are associated with the development of non-alcoholic liver disease (NAFLD). We therefore dissected hepatic mitochondrial function and lipid metabolism in adolescent prenatally androgenized (PA) males from an ovine model of PCOS. Testosterone was directly administered to male ovine fetuses to create prenatal androgenic overexposure. Liver RNA sequencing and proteomics occurred at 6 months of age. Hepatic lipids, glycogen, ATP, reactive oxygen species (ROS), DNA damage, and collagen were assessed. Adolescent PA males had an increased accumulation of hepatic cholesterol and glycogen, together with perturbed glucose and fatty acid metabolism, mitochondrial dysfunction, with altered mitochondrial transport, decreased oxidative phosphorylation and ATP synthesis, and impaired mitophagy. Mitochondrial dysfunction in PA males was associated with increased hepatic ROS level and signs of early liver fibrosis, with clinical relevance to NAFLD progression. We conclude that excess in utero androgen exposure in male fetuses leads to a PCOS-like metabolic phenotype with dysregulated mitochondrial function and likely lifelong health sequelae.

18.
Front Genet ; 13: 797813, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35719406

RESUMO

Two chromosomal abnormalities are described in an infertile man suffering from teratozoospermia: balanced reciprocal translocation t (17; 22) (p11.2; q11.2) and a microduplication in the region 10q23.31. Twenty genes located on the breakpoints of translocation (e.g., ALKBH5, TOP3A, SPECC1L, and CDC45) are selected due to their high expression in testicular tissues and might be influenced by chromosome translocation. Four genes located on the breakpoints of microduplication including FLJ37201, KIF20B, LINC00865, and PANK1 result in an increased dosage of genes, representing an imbalance in the genome. These genes have been reported to be associated with developmental disorders/retardation and might be risk factors affecting spermatogenesis. Bioinformatics analysis is carried out on these key genes, intending to find the pathogenic process of reproduction in the context of the translocation and microduplication encountered in the male patient. The combination of the two chromosomal abnormalities carries additional risks for gametogenesis and genomic instability and is apparently harmful to male fertility. Overall, our findings could contribute to the knowledge of male infertility caused by genetic factors.

19.
Cureus ; 14(5): e25021, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35719765

RESUMO

This paper describes the workflow of transperineal prostate biopsy (TBx) using the single-sided, low-field Promaxo MRI system (Promaxo Inc., Oakland, California, United States) operating at a field strength ranging between 58 and 74 millitesla (mT). Prostate cancer (PCa) is the leading cause of cancer-related death and the second most frequently diagnosed cancer in men. Systematic biopsy (SBx) with 12-14 cores is the preferred standard of care procedure. The blinded approach of SBx, however, results in several shortcomings, including high rates of false negatives and increased infection rates due to the transrectal approach. The evolution of clinical use and scientific research using different prostate biopsy modalities is discussed, including the potential for the Promaxo MRI system to mitigate logistical constraints often associated with standard magnetic resonance (MR)-guided biopsy through the utilization of an office-based, low-field MRI.

20.
Front Physiol ; 13: 866675, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35721552

RESUMO

The impact of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) on male infertility has lately received significant attention. SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes coronavirus disease (COVID-19) in humans, has been shown to impose adverse effects on both the structural components and function of the testis, which potentially impact spermatogenesis. These adverse effects are partially explained by fever, systemic inflammation, oxidative stress, and an increased immune response leading to impaired blood-testis barrier. It has been well established that efficient cellular communication via gap junctions or functional channels is required for tissue homeostasis. Connexins and pannexins are two protein families that mediate autocrine and paracrine signaling between the cells and the extracellular environment. These channel-forming proteins have been shown to play a role in coordinating cellular communication in the testis and epididymis. Despite their role in maintaining a proper male reproductive milieu, their function is disrupted under pathological conditions. The involvement of these channels has been well documented in several physiological and pathological conditions and their designated function in infectious diseases. However, their role in COVID-19 and their meaningful contribution to male infertility remains to be elucidated. Therefore, this review highlights the multivariate pathophysiological mechanisms of SARS-CoV-2 involvement in male reproduction. It also aims to shed light on the role of connexin and pannexin channels in disease progression, emphasizing their unexplored role and regulation of SARS-CoV-2 pathophysiology. Finally, we hypothesize the possible involvement of connexins and pannexins in SARS-CoV-2 inducing male infertility to assist future research ideas targeting therapeutic approaches.

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