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1.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 23(7): 2393-2402, jul. 2018. graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-952698

RESUMO

Resumo O presente estudo visou desenvolver um dispositivo que conjuga um instrumento quantitativo sobre o uso do tempo, com uma técnica qualitativa de entrevista, buscando revelar possíveis relações entre o tempo e a saúde. Foi realizada pesquisa de campo com enfermeiros de um hospital na região metropolitana do Rio de Janeiro. Através do uso de uma caderneta de atividades adaptada de diários de uso do tempo, os sujeitos registraram os horários das atividades ao longo de uma semana. As entrevistas se inspiraram na autoconfrontação, no sentido de os trabalhadores observarem uma imagem colorida que descrevia o próprio tempo a partir do registro das atividades. O dispositivo permitiu investigar como os trabalhadores percebem esse tempo e como o relacionam à saúde, considerada em sentido amplo. Entre as questões trazidas pelo grupo como fonte de desconforto e mal estar físico e mental, encontram-se a sobrecarga de trabalho profissional e a constatação de um tempo em demasia para os outros que se articula ao pouco tempo para si com forte componente das relações de gênero. A potência desse dispositivo como caminho investigativo das relações entre o tempo e a saúde indica sua adequabilidade em estudos com outros grupos de trabalhadores.


Abstract Sociological studies point out a malaise resulting from the use of time in contemporary societies. The present study aimed at developing a device that combines a quantitative instrument on the use of time, with a qualitative interview technique, seeking to reveal possible relations between time and health. A field research was conducted with nurses of a hospital in the metropolitan area of Rio de Janeiro. The subjects registered the length of time activities took to be carried out during an entire week in an activity notebook adapted from time use diaries. Interviews were inspired in self-confrontation, as workers observed a coloured image that describes time taken from the register of activities. The device allowed investigate how workers perceive this time and how they relate it to health, considered in an ample sense. Among the issues brought up by the group as source of discomfort and physical malaise, are the overcharge of professional work and acknowledgement of too much time for the others that are linked to too little time for oneself with a strong component in gender relations. The strength of this device as investigative path of relations of time and health indicates its adequacy in studies with other groups of workers.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Nível de Saúde , Saúde do Trabalhador , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital/psicologia , Fatores de Tempo , Brasil , Entrevistas como Assunto , Relações Interpessoais , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital/organização & administração
2.
Front Psychol ; 7: 871, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27378972

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Although the critical feature of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a persistent pattern of inattention and/or hyperactivity/impulsivity behavior, the disorder is clinically heterogeneous, and concomitant difficulties are common. Children with ADHD are at increased risk for experiencing lifelong impairments in multiple domains of daily functioning. In the present study we aimed to build a brief ADHD impairment-related tool -ADHD concomitant difficulties scale (ADHD-CDS)- to assess the presence of some of the most important comorbidities that usually appear associated with ADHD such as emotional/motivational management, fine motor coordination, problem-solving/management of time, disruptive behavior, sleep habits, academic achievement and quality of life. The two main objectives of the study were (i) to discriminate those profiles with several and important ADHD functional difficulties and (ii) to create a brief clinical tool that fosters a comprehensive evaluation process and can be easily used by clinicians. METHODS: The total sample included 399 parents of children with ADHD aged 6-18 years (M = 11.65; SD = 3.1; 280 males) and 297 parents of children without a diagnosis of ADHD (M = 10.91; SD = 3.2; 149 male). The scale construction followed an item improved sequential process. RESULTS: Factor analysis showed a 13-item single factor model with good fit indices. Higher scores on inattention predicted higher scores on ADHD-CDS for both the clinical sample (ß = 0.50; p < 0.001) and the whole sample (ß = 0.85; p < 0.001). The ROC curve for the ADHD-CDS (against the ADHD diagnostic status) gave an area under the curve (AUC) of.979 (95%, CI = [0.969, 0.990]). DISCUSSION: The ADHD-CDS has shown preliminary adequate psychometric properties, with high convergent validity and good sensitivity for different ADHD profiles, which makes it a potentially appropriate and brief instrument that may be easily used by clinicians, researchers, and health professionals in dealing with ADHD.

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